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LIBRARY 

*v  °f  Ca 
IRVINE 


THE  LIBRARY 

OF 

THE  UNIVERSITY 

OF  CALIFORNIA 

IRVINE 

EX  LIBRIS 
C.  D.  O'MALLEY,  M.D. 


THE  ROLL 


ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF   PHYSICIANS 

OF  LONDON; 

COMPRISING  BIOGRAPHICAL   SKETCHES 

OF  ALL   THE   EMINENT   PHYSICIANS,  WHOSE   NAMES  ABE   BECOEDED   IN   THE    ANNALS 

FBOU   THE   FOUNDATION   OF    THE   COLLEGE    IN   1518   TO    ITS   BEMOVAL 

IN  1825,  FBOM  WABWICK   LANE   TO  PALL  MALL  EAST. 

I 

BY  WILLIAM   MUNK,    M.D.,   F.S.A., 

FELLOW  OF  THE  COLLEGE,  ETC.,  ETC.,  ETC. 


SECOND  EDITION,    REVISED  AND  ENLARGED. 

VOL.  II.,  1701  TO  1800. 


LONDON: 

PUBLISHED    BY    THE    COLLEGE,    PALL    MALL    EAST 

MDCCCLXXVIII. 

[All    Rights    reserved."] 


R 
173 


Harrison  and  Sons,  Printers  in  Ordinary  to  Her  Majesty,  St.  Martin's  Lane. 


CONTENTS    OF   VOL.    II. 


PAGE 

PAGE 

Addams,  Thomas 

.     148 

Barry,  Sir  Edward 

.     238 

^  Addenbrooke,  John     . 

.       14 

Bartlett,  Nathaniel     . 

.       37 

Addington,  Antony     .         . 

.     198 

Barton,  James    . 

.    444 

Adee,  Swithen    . 

.     256 

Batt,  John  Thomas     .         . 

.    167 

Aiken,  John 

.    421 

/Battie,  William  . 

.     139 

Ainslie,  Henry    . 

.    437 

Bayford,  David  . 

.     368 

Akenside,  Mark 

.     195 

Bayles,  James 

.       14 

A!  cock,  Nathan  . 

.     189 

Baylies,  William 

.     271 

Alexander,  Benjamin 

.     270 

Beale,  John 

.      39 

Allen,  Joseph 

.     272 

Beauford,  John  . 

.     110 

Andree,  John 

.     148 

Bedford,  William 

.     138 

Angler,  Bazaliol           . 

.       33 

Beirman,  Arnold  Boot 

.       33 

V    Arbuthnot,  John 

.      27 

Bellinger,  Francis 

.       20 

Archer,  Edward 

.     182 

Binns,  Jonathan 

.     297 

Arnold,  John 

.      76 

Birch,  John 

.       93 

Ash,  Edward 

.     465 

Bishop,  John      .         .         . 

.     174 

378 

Bkck,  William    . 

.     367 

Ashenden,  Charles 

.     129 

Blackburne,  William  . 

.     363 

V  Askew,  Anthony 

.     185 

Blair,  Thomas     . 

.    435 

Atkinson,  John  .         .         . 

.    359 

Blakey,  Henry    . 

.      76 

Austin,  William 

.     377 

Bland,  Eobert     .         .         . 

.    365 

Blane,  Sir  Gilbert 

.    325 

Babington,  William    . 

.     451 

Blanshard,  Wilkinson 

.     240 

Bagge,  Charles  Elsden 

.     324 

Blondell,  James  Augustus  . 

.       34 

Bailey,  George    . 

.      69 

Bodenham,  Edward    . 

.       14 

Baillie,  Matthew 

.     402 

Bosanquet,  Benjamin 

.     149 

Bainbrigg,  Thomas 

.       83 

Bostock,  John     . 

.     286 

Bale,  Charles 

.       68 

Bouchier,  Ealph 

.      90 

Baker,  Sir  George 

.    213 

Bourne,  Eobert 

.     401 

Bamber,  John     . 

.     107 

Bowdler,  Thomas 

.     324 

Bankes,  Bobert  . 

.     134 

Bowles,  Henry    . 

.     445 

Banyer,  Henry    . 

.     131 

Bradley,  Thomas 

.     419 

Banyer,  Lawrence 

.       20 

Branthwait,  John 

6 

Barclay,  James  Eobertson  . 

.     371 

Bridges,  Daniel  . 

.    277 

Barker,  John      .         . 

.     158 

Brickenden,  John 

.     241 

Barrowby,  William 

.      61 

Brinley,  Nicholas 

.      95 

IV 


CONTENTS. 


Brisbane,  John   .        * 
Brocklesby,  Richard   . 
Bromn'eld,  Robert 
Brooke,  Humphrey     . 
Brooke,  Jonathan 
Brooke,  Thomas 
Brown,  Charles  . 
Brown,  Charles  . 
Brown,  Richard 
Brown,  Simon     . 
Browne,  Edward 
Browne,  Thomas 
Browne,  Sir  William 
Browning,  William     . 
Broxolme,  Noel  . 
Buchan,  James  .        *  . 
Budd,  Richard    . 
Burges,  John 
Burton,  Simon    . 
Butter,  William 
Buxton,  George  . 

Cadogan,  William 
Campbell,  James 
Canvane,  Peter   . 
Carslake,  Abraham 
Cartledge,  John . 
Caulet,  John  Gideon  . 
Caverhill,  John  . 
Chambers,  William     . 
Chandler,  Benjamin    . 
Chapman,  John  . 
Chapman,  Samuel 
Chase,  Stephen  . 
Chauncey,  Charles 
Cheston,  James  . 
Clark,  William    . 
Clarke,  Edward  Goodman 
Clarke,  John 
Clarke,  Matthew 
Clephane,  John 
Clerk,  Thomas    . 


PAOB 

274 

Clerke,  John 

201 

Clifton,  Francis 

276 

Clobery,  Robert  Glynn 

1 

Coatsworth,  Edward  . 

118 

Cole,  Josiah 

258 

Colebrook,  George 

234 

Collet,  John 

346 

Colmer,  Humphrey 

461 

Comarque,  Renald 

1 

Combe,  Charles  . 

81 

Coningham,  John 

18 

Connel,  Michael 

95 

Conyers,  Richard 

38 

Cooper,  John 

89 

Cooper,  William 

446 

Cotes,  Charles 

311 

Cour,  Philip  de  la 

306 

Cox,  Daniel 

119 

Coxe,  William     . 

360 

Cranmer,  . 

360 

Crawford,  Adair 

Crawford,  Stewart 

221 

Cresswell,  John  . 

88 

Crichton,  Sir  Alexander 

158 

Grose,  William  . 

26 

Crow,  Thomas    , 

37 

Crynes,  Edmund 

338 

281 

Dale,  Thomas 

87 

Daniel,  Samuel  . 

331 

Dargent,  James  . 

470 

Davison,  John     . 

263 

Dawson,  Ambrose 

64 

Dawson,  Thomas 

145 

De  la  Cour,  Philip      . 

302 

De  la  Rive,  Gaspard  Charles 

132 

De  Leon,  Solomon 

420 

Denman,  Thomas 

369 

Dennison,  Richard 

131 

Descherny,  David 

180 

Dicker,  Michael  Lee   . 

325 

Dickson,  Thomas 

PAGE 

204 
115 
247 

38 
265 

10 
129 

40 
137 
337 
112 
145 
172 
364 
285 
137 
178 
171 
166 

39 
339 
447 
129 
416 

58 

23 
154 

362 
309 
181 
165 
134 
240 
178 
465 
418 
333 
447 
223 
58 
260 


CONTENTS. 


PAGE 

Didier,  Andrew  . 

.     198 

Fowle,  William  . 

Dimsdale,  Thomas 

.     232 

Fowler,  Richard 

Diodati,  John 

.      86 

Fox,  Edward  Long     . 

Dod,  Peirce 

.      70 

Fox,  John 

Doubleday,  Nicholson 

.    283 

Fox,  Joseph 

Douce,  Francis    . 

.     130 

Frampton,  Algernon  . 

Douglas,  Sir  Alexander 

.     460 

Eraser,  William  Mackinen 

Douglas,  Andrew 

.     308 

Freer,  Robert 

»«J    Douglas,  James  . 

.      77 

'  Freind,  John 

V  Dover,  Thomas   . 

.      79 

Frost,  Edmund  . 

*^  Drake,  James 

.       15 

Fryer,  Edward  . 

Duncan,  Sir  William  . 

.     211 

Fullerton,  William     . 

Duval,  Francis  Philip 

.    178 

Fullwood,  William 

Dwight,  Samuel 

.    117 

Galley,  Thomas  . 

Eaton,  John 

.    129 

Gardiner,  John  . 

Eaton,  Joseph    . 

.      38 

Garthshore,  Maxwell  . 

Edmonds,  Samuel  Gurney  . 

.     415 

Gilbert,  Ralph    . 

Elderton,  James 

.      86 

Gillan,  Hugh      . 

Elliot,  Sir  John  . 

.    239 

Gilling,  Isaac 

Elliot,  Philip      . 

.     444 

Gisborne,  Thomas 

Esteve,  Samuel   . 

.       19 

Glanvill,  John    . 

Evelin,  Sidney    . 

.     265 

Glynn,  Robert    . 

Gorman,  John    . 

Falconer,  William 

.     278 

Gouldsmith,  Jonathan 

Farquhar,  Sir  Walter 

.     461 

Gower,  Charles  . 

Farr,  William     . 

.     228 

Grainger,  James 

Feake,  Charles    . 

.     158 

Grant,  William  . 

Fearon,  Devey    . 

.     469 

Graves,  Robert  . 

Ferris,  Samuel    . 

.     358 

Gray,  Edward  Whitaker 

Figg,  James 

.       94 

Green,  John 

Flaerton,  John    . 

1 

Green,  John 

Fontaine,  James  Francis  de  la 

.    269 

Greive,  James     . 

Ford,  James 

.     257 

Grieve,  John 

Ford,  James,  junior    . 

.    323 

Griffith,  Moses    . 

Ford,  John 

.    272 

Grimbalston,  William 

Ford,  John          .               "  . 

.     413 

Grosvenor,  William    . 

Fordyce,  George 

.     373 

Fordyce,  John    . 

.    212 

Hadley,  John 

Fordyce,  Sir  William 

.     359 

Hale,  Richard     . 

Fothergill,  Anthony    . 

.     322 

Halford,  Sir  Henry     . 

V  Fothergill,  John 

.     154 

Hall,  Abraham   . 

PAGE 

444 

447 

376 

331 

390 

464 

358 

332 

48 

14 

412 

111 

33 

367 

40 

259 

18 

444 

88 

227 

131 

247 

37 

94 

470 

219 

256 

460 

298 

148 

275 

297 

360 

164 

21 

290 

259 

48 

427 

J26 


VI 


CONTENTS. 


PAGE 

Hall,  Julian  Gartner  .        . 

.    365 

Hunter,  John 

. 

Hall,  Stephen     . 

.      25 

Hunter,  William 

. 

Hallett,  William 

.      57 

Hussey,  William 

. 

Hallifax,  Robert 

.     336 

Hutton,  Addison 

. 

Hamilton,  Sir  David  . 

.       12 

Hamilton,  Robert 

.     443 

Jackson,  Rowland 

. 

Hamilton,  William 

.     366 

Jackson,  Seguin  Henry 

. 

Hamman,  John  . 

.     366 

James,  Pinkstan 

Hardisway,  Peter 

.       68 

James,  Robert    . 

Harris,  George    . 

.      92 

Jebb,  John 

. 

Harvey,  Gideon 

.       10 

Jebb,  Sir  Richard 

. 

Harwood,  Thomas 

.     110 

Jebb,  Samuel 

. 

Hawley,  James  . 

.     144 

Jernegham,  Charles    . 

Hay,  Alexander  . 

.     280 

Jodrell,  Sir  Paul 

. 

Hayes,  Sir  John  Macnamara 

.     364 

Johnson,  Samuel 

. 

Healde,  Thomas 

.     231 

Johnston,  Pelham 

Heath  cot,  Gilbert        . 

.       68 

Jones,  Richard   . 

, 

Heberden,  William     . 

.     159  ' 

f  Jurin,  James 

. 

Heberden,  William,  junior 

.     457 

Heineken,  Herman     . 

.     177 

Karr,  Thomas     . 

. 

Hemming,  John 

.     418 

Keay,  John 

. 

Henderson,  Robert 

.     427 

Keir,  William     . 

. 

Hepburn,  Patrick 

6 

Keith,  James 

. 

Hervey,  James    . 

.     330 

Kelley,  George    . 

. 

Hicks,  George    . 

.     287 

Kelly,  Christopher 

. 

Hill,  Caleb 

.      86 

Kennedy,  Hugh  Alexander 

Hill,  John. 

.    267 

Kentish,  Richard 

.. 

Hinckley,  Henry 

.     198 

Kenyon,  Roger  . 

. 

Hoadley,  Benjamin     . 

.     132 

Kirkaldie,  George 

•  . 

Hodgson,  Thomas 

.      14 

Knight,  Thomas 

. 

Hody,  Edward   . 

.     147 

Knowles,  Thomas 

. 

Holland,  Richard 

.      92 

Knox,  Robert 

. 

Holland,  Samuel 

.    470 

Kooystra,  John  . 

. 

Hollings,  John    . 

.      94 

Krohn,  Henry    . 

, 

Holman,  James  . 

.    463 

Kynaston,  Edward 

Hooke,  Peter 

.     113 

Kynch,  John 

. 

Hooke,  Peter 

.     286 

Hopwood,  Robert 

.     132 

Lacy,  John 

. 

Horsman,  Samuel 

.     135 

Ladds,  James 

. 

Huck,  Richard   . 

.     346 

Lamb,  George     . 

t 

Hulme,  Nathaniel 

.     298 

Lament,  George 

Hulse,  Sir  Edward 

.       62 

Langrish,  Browne 

I'AOE 

425 

205 

86 

138 

276 
321 
466 
269 
309 
291 
179 

67 
378 
139 
126 
189 

64 

350 
283 
325 

18 
150 
222 
268 
413 

13 
392 
110 
342 
365 
303 
302 

82 

39 

21 
21 

26 
178 
130 


CONTENTS. 


Vll 


PAGE 

Lansdale,  William  .  .  .359 
Latham,  John  ....  393 
Layington,  Andrew  .  .  .  143 

V  Lawrence,  Thomas  .  .  .150 
Lawson,  John  ....  264 
Layard,  Daniel  Peter  .  .  181 
Leake,  John  ....  275 
Lee,  Francis  ....  20 
Lee,  John 316 

V  Lee,  Matthew  .  .  .  .119 
Le  Fevre,  Sebastian  .  .  .  109 
Leigh,  Thomas  .  .  86 

Leith,  Theodore  Forbes  .  .  361 
•j  Letherland,  Joseph  .  .  .  135 
Lettsom,  John  Coakley  .  .  287 
Levett,  Henry  ....  22 
Lewis,  Thomas  ....  38 
Lister,  William  .  .  .  .329 
Littlehales,  John  .  .  .372 
Lobb,  Theophilus  .  .  .146 
Lock,  George  ....  77 
Lovell,  Thomas  ....  79 
Lowder,  William  .  .  .362 
Lucas,  Charles  ....  223 
Luxmore,  Henry  .  .  .  463 

Macaulay,  George       .        .        .  181 

Macdonald,  James       .         .         .  149 

Maclaurin,  James  Chichester       .  392 

Macneven,  William  James           .  369 

Macqueen,  Columbus .         .         .  446 

Maddocks,  James        .         .         .  287 

Manning,  John  ....  212 

*•  Manningham,  Sir  Richard  .         .  75 

Manningham,  Thomas         .         .  267 

Marcet,  Alexander  J.  G.     .         .  466 

Marshall,  Andrew       .         .         .  389 

Martel,  Lawrence        .         .         .  109 
Martin,  William          .         .         .110 

Massey,  Richard  Middleton         .  93 

Mather,  John      ....  271 

Matthews,  John ....  332 


PACK 

Maty,  Matthew  .        .         .        .265 

Maundy,  William        ...  1 
May,  William     .         .         .         .383 

Maynard,  William  Mushel          .  129 
Mayo,  John         .         .         .         .395 

Mayo,  Paggen  William        .         .  455 

/Mead,  Richard   ....  40 

Mead,  Vernon    ....  69 

Meyer,  John       ....  342 

Mikles,  Samuel  ....  165 

Milman,  Sir  Francis   .         .         .  316 
Milner,  Charles  .         .         .         .197 

Milner,  Thomas  ....  229 

Milward,  Edward        .         .         .  166 

Misaubin,  John  ....  67 

Moffat,  Thomas .         .         .         .  472 

Monro,  Donald  ....  293 
Monro,  James     .         .         .         .113 

Monro,  John       ....  183 

Monro,  Thomas  ....  414 

Monsey,  Messenger     ...  84 

Montague,  John  Duke  of    .         .  58 

Moore,  William ....  424 

Morgan,  John     ....  261 

Morley,  Matthew        .         .         .  145 

Morris,  George  Paulet         .         .  437 

Morris,  Michael ....  232 

Mortimer,  Cromwell  .         .         .  Ill 

Morton,  Charles          .         .         .  174 

Morton,  Richard         ...  20 

Moseley,  Benjamin      .         .         .  368 

Mountford,  John        .         .         .  110 

Muller,  John       ....  421 
Munckley,  Nicholas    .         .         .194 

Murray,  John  Roger  .         .         .  424 

Musgrave,  Samuel      .         .         .  312 

Mushet,  William         .         .         .  170 

Myddelton,  Henry      .         .         .  198 

Myers,  Joseph  Hart    .         .         .  376 

Mytton,  Devereux       .         .         .  332 

Napier,  John       ....     269 


Vlll 


CONTENTS. 


PAGE 

PAGE 

Nasmyth,  Robert 

13 

Plumtro,  Russell 

.     144 

Nelson,  Thomas  .... 

469 

Poignand,  Louis          .         . 

.     390 

Nesbitt,  Robert  .... 

112 

Pont,  Thomas 

.       57 

Newington,  John 

117 

Porter,  Robert    . 

.     118 

Newman,  Jeremiah  W. 

414 

Potter,  John 

.     358 

Nicholls,  Frank  .... 

123 

Powell,  Richard 

.     456 

Nihell,  Laurence 

876 

Pringle,  Sir  John 

.     252 

Norford,  William 

235 

Pulteney,  Richard 

.     264 

Norris,  Edward  .... 

39 

Purcell,  John 

.      77 

Nott,  John          .... 

397 

Pye,  Samuel 

.    117 

Nugent,  Christopher  . 

268 

Radcliffe,  John  . 

.      86 

Oldfield,  John    .... 

116 

Raitt,  George 

.    171 

Orme,  David       .... 

267 

Rawlinson,  John 

.     308 

Osborne,  William 

336 

Rayner,  John 

.       32 

Owen,  Hugh       .... 

129 

Reeve,  Thomas   . 

.     133 

Relhan,  Anthony 

.    257 

Packe,  Christopher 

83 

Relph,  John 

.     345 

Parratt,  Thomas 

116 

Reynolds,  Henry  Revell 

.    299 

Parry,  Caleb  Hillier    . 

385 

Richardson,  Henry 

.    137 

Parry,  William  .... 

158 

Richardson,  John 

.      26 

Parsons,  James   .... 

175 

Richmond,  the  Duke  of 

.     116 

Parsons,  John     .... 

803 

Riollay,  Francis  . 

.     357 

Pate,  Robert       .... 

182 

Roberts,  Edward 

.    426 

Payne,  William  .... 

325 

Robertson,  James 

.    371 

Pearson,  George 

343 

Robertson,  John         .         .  . 

.     119 

Pearson,  Richard 

391 

Robertson,  John  Stark 

.     390 

Pegge,  Sir  Christopher 

449 

Robertson,  Robert 

.     426 

Pellet,  Stephen  .... 

324 

Robertson,  Robert 

.     308 

Pellett,  Thomas  .... 

56 

Robertson,  William     . 

.     358 

Pemberton,  Christopher  Robert  . 

450 

Robinson,  Nicholas 

.     108 

Pennington,  Sir  Isaac 

320 

Rogerson,  John  . 

.    418 

Pepys,  Sir  Lucas 

304 

Romayne,  Nicholas     . 

.     446 

Peters,  Charles   .... 

143 

Ross,  David 

.     171 

Petit,  John  Lewis 

280 

Rowley,  William 

.     340 

Phelan,  Joseph   .... 

360 

Russe,  Thomas   . 

.     116 

Pile,  George        .... 

150 

Russell,  Alexander 

.     230 

Pinckard,  George 

436 

Russell,  Richard 

.     149 

Pitcairn,  David  .... 

353 

Rutty,  William  . 

.      74 

Pitcairn,  William 

172 

Plomer,  John      .... 

57 

Salmon,  Nathaniel 

.      26 

Plumptre,  Henry 

24 

Samuda,  Isaac  de  Sequeyra 

.      82 

CONTENTS. 


IX 


PAGE 

Sandeman,  Q-eorge  .  .  .  362 
Sarmento,  Jacob  de  Castro .  .  92 
Saunders,  Eichard  Huck  .  .  346 
Saunders,  William  .  .  .399 
Savage,  Thomas  ....  364 
Schaw,  William  .  .  .  .194 
Scheuchzer,  John  Gaspar  .  .  91 
Schomberg,  Isaac  .  .  .  295 
Schomberg,  Meyer  Low  .  .  81 
Scot,  William  .  .  .  .420 
Scott,  Charles  .  .  .  .418 
Scott,  Joseph  Nicoll  .  .  .218 
Sequira,  Isaac  Henrique  .  .  291 
Shadwell,  Sir  John  ...  37 
Shaw,  Joseph  ....  418 
Shaw,  Peter  .  .  .  .190 
Sheppard,  John  ....  14 
Sherard,  James  ....  127 
Silvester,  Sir  John  Baptist .  .  178 
Simmons,  Samuel  Foart  .  .  318 
Sims,  James  ....  317 
Sims,  John  ....  322 
Skeete,  Thomas  ....  369 
Smith,  Hugh  .  .  .  .241 
Smyth,  James  Carmichael  .  .  383 
Somers,  Edmund  .  .  .  419 
Sprengell,  Sir  Conrad  Joachim  .  64 
Spry,  Edward  .  .  .  .281 
Squire,  John  .  .  .  .366 
Stack,  Eichard  William  .  .  299 
Stanger,  Christopher  .  .  .396 
Steighertahl,  John  Q-eorge  .  .  38 
Stone,  Arthur  Daniel .  .  .  445 
Story,  Thomas  .  .  .  .427 
Strother,  Edward  ...  77 
I  Stukeley,  William  ...  71 
Stuart,  Alexander  .  .  .109 
Sutton,  John  ....  149 
Sutton,  Thomas .  .  .  399 

Swinton,  Peter    ....    277 

Taprell,  John      .        .        .        .283 


PAGE 

Tarry,  Edward  ....  18 
Taverner,  James  .  .  .  118 
Taylor,  Eobert  ....  79 
Taylor,  Eobert  .  .  .  .167 
Teake,  Samuel  ....  76 
Teale,  Musshey  .  .  .  .82 
Teighe,  Michael .  .  .  .303 
Temple,  Eichard  ...  421 
Tessier,  G-eorge  Lewis  .  .  69 
Thirlby,  Charles  ...  18 
Thomas,  Edward  .  .  .  446 
Thomas,  Sir  Noah  .  .  .218 
Thomlinson,  Eobert  .  .  .  280 
Thompson,  Gilbert  .  .  .290 
Thomson,  David  .  .  .  165 
Thomson,  George  .  .  .  149 
Thynne,  Andrew  .  .  .  367 
Tomson,  Thomas  .  .  .  413 
Torre,  Christopher  Mann  .  .  330 
Tourville,  Charles  ...  57 
Turberville,  George  ...  95 
Turner,  Daniel  ....  35 
Turner,  John  ....  14 
Turner,  John  ....  25 
Turton,  John  ....  284 
Tyson,  Eichard  ....  59 
Tyson,  Eichard  ....  234 

Underwood,  Michael  .         .         .     336 

Valingen,  Francis  de  .        .         .  273 

Vaughan,  James  .         .         .  235 

Vaughan,  Walter  .        .         .  424 

Vaughan,  William  .         .         .  274 

Vincent,  Thomas  ...  63 

Wadsworth,  Thomas  ...  63 
Wagstaffe,  William  ...  60 
Walker,  James  ....  273 
Walker,  Sayer  ....  423 
Wall,  Martin  .  .  .  .372 
Waller,  Benjamin  ...  14 


CONTENTS 


Wallis,  Edward  . 
Walton,  John      . 
Walsh,  Philip  Pitt      . 
Warren,  Richard 
Wasey,  William 
Wathen,  Samuel 
Watson,  Edmund 
Watson,  Robert . 
Watson,  Thomas 
Watson,  Sir  William  . 
Watts,  John 
Watts,  Richard  . 
Watts,  William  . 
Wayman,  Luke  . 
Webster,  Charles 
Wells,  William  Charles 
Welsh,  James     . 
Welstead,  Robert 
West,  Thomas     . 
Whalley,  Thomas 
Wharton,  Q-eorge 
Wharton,  Thomas 
Wharton,  Tobias 
Whitaker,  William     . 
White,  Thomas  . 
Whitehead,  John 


PAQB 

PAGE 

297 

Wigan,  John 

.     121 

171 

Wightman,  Robert      . 

.     461 

363 

Wilbraham,  Thomas  . 

.     194 

242 

Willan,  Robert   . 

.     350 

89 

Williams,  Q-eorge 

.     467 

212 

Williams,  William 

.     265 

128 

Willis,  Robert  Darling 

.     464 

180 

Wilmot,  Sir  Edward  . 

.     106 

344 

Wintringham,  Clifton 

.       34 

348 

Wintringham,  Sir  Clifton  . 

.     250 

18 

Wollaston,  Charlton   . 

.     229 

113 

Wollaston,  William  Hyde  . 

.     438 

204 

Wood,  William  . 

.      91 

268 

Woodford,  William     . 

.     115 

442 

Woodhouse,  William  . 

.     150 

379 

Woodville,  William     . 

.     345 

299 

*  Woodward,  John 

6 

32 

Wright,  John 

6 

59 

Wright,  Kervin  . 

.     150 

14 

Wright,  Richard 

.       87 

74 

Wright,  Richard 

.     302 

197 

Wynter,  Daniel  . 

.      82 

14 

131 

Yellowly,  John  . 

.     471 

129 

Yonge,  James 

2 

328 

Young,  Joshua   . 

.    117 

ROLL 

OF  THE 

ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS 
OF  LONDON. 


JOHN  FLAERTON,  of  Haverfordwest  was  admitted  an 
Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  21st  April,  1701. 

WILLIAM  MAUNDY,  M.B. — A  bachelor  of  medicine  of 
Pembroke  college,  Cambridge,  of  1693  ;  was  admitted 
an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  2nd 
July,  1701.  Dr.  Maundy  practised  at  Canterbury. 

HUMPHREY  BROOKE,  M.D.,  was  educated  at  Caius 
college,  Cambridge,  as  a  member  of  which  he  proceeded 
M.B.  in  1689,  and  M.D.  3rd  July,  1694.  He  was  ad- 
mitted a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  the  day 
after  Palm  Sunday,  1695;  and  a  Fellow  22nd  December, 
1701.  He  was  Censor  in  1702,  1711,  1713,  1715  ; 
Elect,  in  place  of  Dr.  Gill,  31st  July,  1714  ;  and  Kegis- 
trar,  vice  Dr.  Bateman,  26th  March,  1716.  Dr.  Brooke 
held  that  office  for  two  years  ;  and  dying  in  1718,  aged 
fifty -two,  was  buried  in  the  church  of  St.  Andrew  Un- 
dershaft. 

SIMON  BROWN,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine  of 
Utrecht  of  1695,  practising  in  Shropshire,  was  admitted 
an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians,  20th 
May,  1702. 

VOL.  II.  B 


2  ROLL  OF   THE  [1702 

JAMES  YONGE  was  the  son  of  Mr.  John  Yonge,  a  sur- 
geon at  Plymouth,  and  was  born  in  that  town  llth 
May,  1646.  He  was  educated  at  the  Plymouth  Gram- 
mar school  under  Mr.  Horsemann,  where  he  remained 
only  two  years,  being,  in  the  early  part  of  1657,  ere  he 
had  attained  his  eleventh  year,  apprenticed  to  Mr.  Rich- 
mond, surgeon  of  the  "  Constant  Warwick,"  a  ship  of  31 
guns  and  130  men.  In  May,  1661,  he  was  appointed 
surgeon's  assistant  to  the  "Montague/'  64  guns,  and  250 
men,  one  of  the  fleet  then  lying  at  the  Downs  under 
lord  Sandwich.  He  was  present  at  the  bombardment 
of  Algiers,  and  in  his  diary  (still  preserved  in  MS.  at 
the  Plymouth  institution)  has  left  a  painfully  detailed 
account  of  the  menial  duties  he  had  to  perform,  and  of 
his  sufferings,  more  especially  after  a  battle.  He  went 
down,  he  informs  us,  to  dress  the  wounded  men,  who 
were  placed  on  heaps  of  clothes  to  make  it  soft  for  them. 
Here  he  had  not  only  to  dress  wounds,  but  to  perform 
all  those  duties  which  now  devolve  on  nurses  and  surgery 
attendants.  To  boil  gruel,  to  make  barley-water  for  the 
sufferers,  to  prepare  fomentations  and  poultices,  to  wash 
and  dry  bandages  and  rollers,  to  administer  glysters, 
make  the  hammocks,  to  shave  and  trim  any  one  requir- 
ing it,  were  the  duties,  besides  the  ordinary  business  of 
the  surgery,  which  it  fell  to  his  lot  to  perform  when 
surgeon's  assistant  to  the  "Montague." 

The  fleet  returned  to  England  in  May,  1662,  when 
Mr.  Yonge  was  discharged  for  a  time  from  the  service 
of  the  navy.  He  then  came  to  London  with  the  view 
of  improving  himself  in  the  knowledge  and  practice  of 
surgery,  and  spent  four  months  with  Mr.  Clark,  a  sur- 
geon apothecary  of  Wapping,  where  he  confesses  he 
learned  a  great  deal.  Mr.  Yonge  returned  to  Plymouth 
in  September,  1662,  and  bound  himself  to  his  father  for 
seven  years.  The  apprenticeship,  however,  lasted  for  a 
short  time  only.  In  February,  1663,  he  was  engaged 
to  go  as  surgeon  of  the  "  Reformation  "  to  Newfound- 
land. He  returned  in  September  ;  and  in  March,  1664, 
sailed  in  the  "  Bonaventure  "  for  the  West  African  coast, 


1702]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  3 

then  went  up  the  Mediterranean,  and,  returning  to 
England,  again  received  a  temporary  discharge  from  the 
service.  In  December,  1665,  he  again  sailed  in  the 
same  ship,  but  ere  long  the  "  Bonaventure  "  was  cap- 
tured by  two  Dutch  vessels.  Mr.  Yonge,  with  the  other 
prisoners,  was  conveyed  to  Amsterdam,  and  remained  a 
close  prisoner  of  war  until  September,  when  he  got  out 
on  parole.  Shortly  afterwards  he  was  exchanged  for  a 
relative  of  the  secretary  of  the  Dutch  admiralty,  then  in 
prison  at  Harwich;  and,  returning  to  England,  pro- 
ceeded through  London  to  Plymouth.  There  he  re- 
mained, partly  occupied  in  practice,  by  which,  to  use 
his  own  words,  he  made  a  little  money  to  maintain 
himself;  and  partly  in  study,  until  February,  1668, 
when  he  sailed  once  more  for  Newfoundland.  He  finally 
returned  to  Plymouth  in  September,  1670,  and  then, 
after  fourteen  years'  naval  service,  took  leave  of  the  sea 
with  the  resolution  of  settling  in  his  native  town,  and 
attempting  by  the  exercise  of  his  profession,  to  main- 
tain himself  at  home.  Mr.  Yonge  was  in  his  25th  year 
when  he  settled  at  Plymouth ;  and  he  obtained,  for  a 
beginner,  a  considerable  amount  of  business.  In  the 
following  year  he  married  Miss  Jane  Crarupphorne,  of 
Buckland  Monachorum,  a  lady  of  respectable  family  and 
connectioDS,  whose  mother  had  a  near  relative  married 
to  Sir  Thomas  Clifford  of  Chudleigh,  the  high  treasurer 
of  England.  In  consequence  of  the  war  which  had 
broken  out  with  the  French  and  Dutch,  a  naval  hospital 
was  established  at  Plymouth,  and  to  it  Mr.  Yonge, 
through  the  interest  of  the  treasurer,  was  appointed 
surgeon.  This  proved  a  steady  source  of  professional 
income.  The  surgeon-general  of  the  navy,  Mr.  James 
Pearse,  appointed  Mr.  Yonge  his  deputy  at  Plymouth 
in  1674,  an  office  which  brought  him  no  inconsiderable 
accession  of  emolument.  In  1678  Mr.  Yonge  visited 
London  in  company  with  Mr.  Sparke,  then  M.P.  for 
Plymouth,  and  whilst  there  was  introduced  to  some  of 
the  more  distinguished  fellows  of  the  Royal  Society. 
In  consequence  of  a  conversation  with  some  eminent 

B  2 


4  ROLL  OF   THE  [1702 

literary  characters  during  this  visit  to  London,  Mr. 
Yonge  was  led  to  write  his  most  important  work,  the 
"  Currus  Triumphalis  de  Terebintho."  This  small  trea- 
tise is  full  of  originality,  contains  many  most  important 
practical  suggestions,  and  notwithstanding  the  quaint- 
ness  of  its  phraseology,  and  the  vast  improvement  which 
surgery  has  since  undergone,  may  still  be  read  with 
amusement  and  instruction.  He  gives  a  full  account 
of  turpentine  as  a  means  of  arresting  haemorrhage,  dis- 
tinctly describes  the  flap  operation  in  amputation,  and 
shows  that  he  was  familiar  with  a  contrivance  analogous 
to  the  tourniquet,  for  the  arrest  of  haemorrhage  during 
operations. 

Mr.  Yonge  now  became  a  person  of  much  importance 
in  his  native  town,  and  was  called  upon  to  fill  in  suc- 
cession the  highest  parochial  and  civic  offices.  He  was 
elected  a  member  of  the  common  council  for  the  borough 
of  Plymouth  in  1679,  churchwarden  of  St.  Andrew's  in 
1682,  and  in  1694  alderman  and  mayor  of  Plymouth. 
He  was  appointed  surgeon  to  lord  Bath's  regiment  of 
militia  in  1685,  an  office  which  was  relinquished  in 
1689,  the  duties  proving  incompatible  with  his  rapidly 
increasing  professional  engagements  at  Plymouth.  A 
more  suitable  office  however,  awaited  him.  In  1692 
he  was  appointed  surgeon  to  the  new  dock  at  Hamoaze, 
and  in  consequence  of  this  appointment  had  to  visit 
London.  During  his  stay  he  attended  Dr.  Tyson's 
anatomical  lectures  at  Surgeon's  hall,  dined  at  the 
public  dinner  given  by  the  Company,  was  made  free, 
and  without  examination  admitted  a  member,  an  honour 
which,  he  states,  had  never  before  been  thus  conferred 
on  any  one. 

In  what  year  he  began  to  practise  as  a  physician  is 
uncertain.  We  know  that  he  possessed  a  licence  from 
the  bishop  of  the  diocese  to  act  in  that  capacity.  In 
1702,  being  then  in  London,  he  was  induced  to  present 
himself  before  the  College  of  Physicians  for  examina- 
tion as  an  Extra-Licentiate.  Of  the  examination  he 
underwent  (23rd  May,  1702)  he  has  left  a  detailed 


1702]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.  5 

account.  For  a  copy  of  this  interesting  and  probably 
unique  document,  as  well  as  for  much  other  valuable  in- 
formation, I  am  indebted  to  the  courtesy  and  kindness 
of  a  learned  Fellow  of  our  college,  the  late  Dr.  James 
Yonge,  of  Plymouth,  a  direct  descendant  of  the  dis- 
tinguished practitioner  whose  career  I  am  now  attempt- 
ing to  sketch.  Our  physician,  for  so  henceforward  we 
must  consider  him,  was,  it  would  seem,  urged  by  his 
friend  Dr.  Charleton  to  apply  for  letters  testimonial. 
Of  the  president,  Sir  Thomas  Millington,  and  of  Dr. 
Charleton  and  Dr.  Torlesse,  two  other  of  his  examiners, 
he  speaks  in  terms  of  the  highest  respect  and  kind- 
ness. His  estimate  of  Dr.  Samuel  Collins,  the  author 
of  a  well-known  work  on  anatomy,  is  not  so  favour- 
able. All,  however,  complimented  him  on  the  appear- 
ance he  had  made,  and  treated  him,  he  says,  quite  as 
their  equal.  His  answers  prove  him  to  have  been  a 
man  of  much  originality,  of  deep  thought,  and  well 
versed  in  the  practice  of  his  art.  He  was  elected  a 
fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  3rd  November,  1 702,  and 
his  contributions  to  the  Philosophical  Transactions  are 
numerous  and  important. 

In  1703,  being  then  in  the  fifty-seventh  year  of  his 
age,  and  having  attained  a  good  estate  and  more  pro- 
fessional employment  than  he  desired,  feeling  anxious 
too  for  relaxation  and  ease,  he  declined  public  business 
and  employment.  Thenceforward  he  lived  somewhat 
retired,  though  not  without  usefulness.  In  1707  he 
embalmed  the  body  of  admiral  Sir  Cloudesley  Shovell, 
who  had  lost  his  life  in  the  wreck  of  the  "Association  " 
off  the  Scilly  Isles,  and  whose  body  had  been  brought 
to  the  citadel  at  Plymouth,  nine  days  after.  This 
would  seem  to  have  been  the  last  professional  duty 
which  he  performed.  Our  physician  survived  for  many 
years,  and  dying  the  25th  July,  1721,  was  buried  in 
St.  Andrew's  church,  Plymouth.  On  the  monument 
to  his  memory  is  the  following  inscription  :— 

Here  underneath, 
lyeth  buried  the  body 


6  ROLL  OF  THE  [1702 

of  JAMES  YONGE,  Physitian, 

Fellow  of  the  Royal  Society. 

He  was  once  Mayor  of  this  his 

native  town,  and  dyed  the  25th 

day  of  July,  1721,  in  the  76th  year 

of  his  age. 

He  was  the  author  of—- 
Some Considerations  touching  the  Debates,  &c.,  concerning  the 
Newfoundland  Trade.  4to.  1670. 

Currus  Triumphalis  de  Terebintho.     8vo.  1679. 

Wound  of  the  Brain  proved  curable.     12mo.  1685. 

Medicator  Medicatus.     8vo.  1685. 

Sidrophel  Vapulans.     4to.  1699. 

Several  Evidences  which  have  not  yet  appeared  in  the  Controversy 
on  Kikon  Basalic.* 

PATRICK  HEPBURN,  A.M. — A  master  of  arts  of  the 
university  of  Edinburgh,  was  admitted  an  Extra-Li- 
centiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  4th  November, 
1702. 

JOHN  BRANTHWAIT,  M.D.,  was  educated  at  Caius 
college,  Cambridge,  of  which  house  he  was  a  fellow.  He 
proceeded  A.B.  1687  ;  A.M.  1691  ;  and  M.D.  2nd  July, 
1700  ;  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Phy- 
sicians 23rd  December,  1700  ;  and  a  Fellow  22nd  March, 
1702-3.  He  delivered  the  Gulstonian  lectures  (de 
Hepate)  in  1704  ;  and  was  Censor  in  1705,  1708,  and 
1711.  He  was  dead  in  1716. 

JOHN  WRIGHT,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  Thomas  "Wright, 
of  Woodstone,  co.  Huntingdon,  and  was  educated  at  St. 
John's  college,  Cambridge  ;  as  a  member  of  which  house 
he  proceeded  A.B.  1671;  A.M.  1675;  and  M.D.  1st 
July,  1684.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  25th  June,  1698  ;  and  a  Fellow  22nd 
March,  1702-3.  Dr.  Wright's  name  had  disappeared 
from  the  College  lists  in  1719. 

JOHN  WOODWARD,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Derbyshire,  on 
*  Edinb.  Med.  and  Surg.  Journal  for  April,  1849. 


1702]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  7 

the  1st  May,  1665  ;  and  educated  at  a  country  school, 
where  he  acquired  a  good  knowledge  of  Latin,  and  made 
considerable  progress  in  Greek.  On  leaving  school  he 
was  apprenticed  to  a  linen  draper  in  London,  but  he 
soon  withdrew  from  that  employment ;  when,  following 
the  dictates  of  his  inclination,  he  devoted  himself  solely 
to  study.  Whilst  thus  occupied,  he  made  the  acquaint- 
ance of  Dr.  Peter  Barwick,  an  accomplished  physician 
and  distinguished  Fellow  of  our  College,  who  received 
him  into  his  house  ;  and  during  four  years  gave  him 
instruction  in  anatomy,  medicine,  and  the  collateral 
sciences.  He  then  visited  Sir  Ralph  Dutton,  at  his 
seat  at  Sherborne,  where  he  began  those  observations 
and  collections  relating  to  the  present  state  of  the 
earth's  surface,  which  laid  the  foundation  of  his  subse- 
quent geological  writings.  Woodward's  progress  was 
so  satisfactory  to  his  patron  that,  through  his  influence 
and  recommendation  he  was,  on  the  13th  January,  1692, 
elected  to  the  Gresham  professorship  of  physic.  In  the 
following  year  he  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal 
Society,  and  was  often  elected  on  the  Council ;  but  in 
1710  was  expelled  that  body,  for  conduct  unbecoming 
a  gentleman.  Sir  Hans  Sloane  was  reading  a  paper  of 
his  own  composition,  when  Woodward  made  some  grossly 
insulting  remarks.  Sir  Hans  complained,  and,  more- 
over, stated  that  this  was  not  the  only  occasion  on 
which  Dr.  Woodward's  conduct  towards  himself  had 
been  offensive.  Woodward  was  required  by  the  other 
members  to  make  an  apology,  but  refused,  and  was 
therefore  expelled.  Sir  Isaac  Newton  was  in  the  chair 
when  the  question  of  expulsion  was  agitated  ;  and  when 
it  was  pleaded  in  Woodward's  favour  that  he  was  a 
good  natural  philosopher,  Sir  Isaac  remarked  that,  "  in 
order  to  belong  to  that  society,  a  man  ought  to  be  a 
good  moral  philosopher,  as  well  as  a  natural  one."  Dr. 
Woodward  brought  an  action  against  the  council,  with 
the  view  of  being  reinstated  in  his  place,  but  was  unsuc- 
cessful. 

He  was  created  doctor  of  medicine  by  Tenison,  arch-    v 


8  ROLL   OF  THE  [1702 

bishop  of  Canterbury,  4th  February,  1695  ;  and  was 
incorporated  on  that  degree  at  Cambridge,  as  a  member 
of  Pembroke  college.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1698  ;  and  a  Fel- 
low 22nd  March,  1702-3  ;  was  Censor  in  1703,  1714  ; 
and  delivered  the  Gulstonian  lectures  "  on  the  Bile  and 
its  uses,"  in  January,  1710-1.  Dr.  Woodward  was 
more  distinguished  as  a  natural  philosopher  than  as  a 
physician.  His  practice,  according  to  his  contemporary 
and  neighbour,  Dr.  Daniel  Turner,  consisted  principally 
of  "  vomits  and  canthartics  administered  alternately,  de 
die  in  diem,  till  the  sick  man  grows  tired,  or,  being  quite 
spent,  is  forced  to  give  over."  Turner,  who  was  himself 
a  practitioner  of  some  notoriety,  expresses  his  surprise 
that  the  "  great  naturalist "  should  have  prevailed  with 
so  many  of  the  softer  sex  to  run  this  vomiting  gauntlet 
for  six  weeks  or  two  months  successively.  Woodward 
was  indeed  but  an  indifferent  practitioner,  and  is  only 
remembered,  in  his  professional  capacity,  by  his  contro- 
versy with  Mead  and  Friend,  on  the  utility  of  purging 
in  the  secondary  fever  of  small-pox.  In  this  encounter 
he  suffered  no  less  in  reputation  than  in  body.  The  ire 
of  each  party  was  excited.  Mead  and  Woodward,  meet- 
ing accidentally  under  the  gate  of  Gresham  college,  drew 
their  swords.  Woodward's  foot  slipped  and  he  fell. 
"  Take  your  life  !"  exclaimed  Mead.  "  Anything  but 
your  physic,"  replied  Woodward,  with  cutting  sarcasm. 
This  affair  has  been  somewhat  maliciously  commemo- 
rated by  Ward,  in  the  engraved  frontispiece  to  his 
"  History  of  the  Gresham  Professors." 

Dr.  Woodward's  merits  as  a  geologist,  were,  however, 
of  a  high  order ;  and  his  "  Essay  towards  a  Natural 
History  of  the  Earth,"  published  in  1695,  when  he  was 
only  thirty  years  of  age,  attracted  much  attention,  and 
gained  him  considerable  reputation.  "  Among  the  con- 
temporaries of  Hooke  and  Ray,"  says  Mr.  Lyell, 
"  Woodward,  a  professor  of  medicine,  had  acquired  the 
most  extensive  information  respecting  the  geological 
structure  of  the  crust  of  the  earth."  He  left  to  the 


1702]  BOYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  9 

university  of  Cambridge  his  valuable  collection  of  fossils, 
with  funds  for  the  maintenance  of  the  collection,  and  the 
endowment  of  a  professorship  on  his  favourite  subject, 
geology.  The  formation  of  this  museum  was  regarded 
by  Dr.  Whewell  as  one  of  the  most  remarkable  occur- 
rences in  the  progress  of  descriptive  geology  in  England. 
The  Woodwardian  museum  still  subsists,  a  monument 
of  the  sagacity  with  which  its  author  so  early  saw  the 
importance  of  such  a  collection. 

Dr.  Woodward  died  of  a  decline,  at  his  apartments 
in  Gresham  college,  26th  April,  1728,  in  the  63rd  year 
of  his  age ;  and  was  buried  in  Westminster  abbey, 
where  a  handsome  monument  of  white  marble  bears  the 
following  inscription  to  his  memory  : — 

M.S. 
JOHANNIS  WOODWARD, 

medici  celeberrimi, 
philosophi  nobilissimi, 

cujus, 

ingenium  et  doctrinam 
scripta,  per  terrarum  fere  orbem 

pervulgata, 

liberalitatem  vero  et  patria3  caritatem 

Academia  Cantabrigiensis,  rrmni- 

ficientia  ejus  aucta, 

opibus  ornata, 

in  perpetimm  declarabit. 

Natns  kal.  Mail,  A.D.  1665  ; 

obiit  7  kal.  Mail,  1728. 

Richardus  King, 

tribunus  militum,  fabrumque  preefectus, 

amico  optime  de  se  merito 

D.  S.  P.* 

Dr.  Woodward  was  a  valued  contributor  to  the  Philo- 
sophical Transactions,  and  published  therein  his  dis- 
covery of  the  secret  of  making  Prussian  blue.  His 
separate  works  are  as  follows  :— 

An  Essay  towards  a  Natural  History  of  the  Earth  and  Terrestrial 

*  For  much  in  this  brief  sketch  I  am  indebted  to  Mr.  Weld's 
History  of  the  Royal  Society. 


10  BOLL  OF  THE  [1702 

Bodies,  especially  minerals ;  as  also  of  the  Sea,  Rivers,  and  Springs  ; 
with  an  Account  of  the  Universal  Deluge,  and  of  the  Effects  that 
it  had  upon  the  Earth.  8vo.  Lond.  1695. 

Remarks  upon  the  Ancient  and  Present  state  of  London,  occa- 
sioned by  some  Roman  Urns,  Coins,  and  other  Antiquities  lately 
discovered.  8vo.  Lond.  1713. 

Naturalis  Historia  Telluris  illustrata  et  aucta,  una  cum  ejusdem 
Defensione,  praesertim  contra  nuperas  objectiones  Camerarii.  8vo. 
Lond.  1714. 

The  State  of  Physick  and  Diseases,  with  an  Inquiry  into  the  Causes 
of  the  late  increase  of  them,  but  more  particularly  of  the  Small-pox, 
with  some  Considerations  upon  the  new  practice  of  Purging  in  that 
Disease.  8vo.  Lond.  1718. 

GEORGE  COLEBROOK,  M.D.,  was  of  Emmanuel  college, 
Cambridge.  He  was  created  master  of  arts  (Comitiis 
Regiis)  1690;  proceeded  M.D.  in  1697;  was  admitted 
a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  Sep- 
tember, 1698  ;  and  a  Fellow  22nd  March,  1702-3.  Dr. 
Colebrook  delivered  the  Gulstonian  lectures  "  on  the 
Vessels  of  the  Thorax,"  in  1707,  and  the  Harveian 
Oration  in  1711.  He  was  Censor  in  1708,  1710,  1712  ; 
and  was  named  an  Elect,  in  place  of  Dr.  Goodall  de- 
ceased, 14th  October,  1712.  He  died  24th  July,  1716, 
and  is  commemorated  in  our  Annals  as  "  a  very  worthy, 
honest  man,  learned  and  industrious  in  his  profession. 
He  had,"  continues  the  record,  "  a  great  affection  to  the 
interests  of  the  College." 

GIDEON  HARVEY,  M.D.,  was  born  about  the  year 
1669,  and  on  the  12th  May,  1688,  was  inscribed  on  the 
philosophy  line  at  Leyden.  He  graduated  doctor  of 
medicine  at  Leyden  in  1690  (D.M.I,  de  Febre  Ardente, 
4 to),  and  was  created  doctor  of  medicine  at  Cambridge 
(per  literas  Regias)  in  1698  as  a  member  of  Catherine 
hall.  Dr.  Gideon  Harvey  was  admitted  a  Candidate 
of  the  College  of  Physicians  3rd  April,  1699,  and  a 
Fellow  22nd  March,  1702-3.  He  was  Censor  in  1714, 
1726;  Consiliarius  in  1736,  1737,  1742,  1743,  1744, 
1747,  and  was  named  an  Elect  in  1716.  He  died  in 
1754  or  the  following  year,  being  then  the  father  of  the 
College.  Dr.  Harvey  held  the  lucrative  appointment  of 


1702]     ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.         11 

physician  to  the  Tower  of  London.  "  About  the  latter 
end  of  king  William's  reign,"  says  Mr.  Wadd,  "  there  was 
a  great  debate  who  should  succeed  the  deceased  physi- 
cian to  the  Tower.  The  contending  parties  were  so 
equally  matched  in  their  interests  and  pretensions  that 
it  was  extremely  difficult  to  determine  which  should 
have  the  preference.  The  matter  was  at  length  brought 
to  a  compromise,  and  Gideon  Harvey  was  promoted  to 
that  office  for  the  same  reason  that  Sextus  Y  was  ad- 
vanced to  the  pontificate,  because  he  was  in  appearance 
sickly  and  infirm,  and  his  death  was  expected  in  a  few 
months.  He,  however,  survived  not  only  his  rivals,  but 
all  his  contemporary  physicians,  and  died  after  he  had 
enjoyed  his  sinecure  above  fifty  years."*  . 

*  Gideon  Harvey,  the  physician  to  the  Tower,  is  not  to  be  con- 
founded, as  has  hitherto  been  done,  and  was  so  by  me  in  the  former 
edition,  with  another  person  of  his  name,  probably  his  father, 
Gideon  Harvey,  M.D.,  the  author  of  the  "  Conclave  of  Physicians," 
and  many  other  small  books  of  questionable  character,  who  was  not 
of  our  London  College.  This  Gideon  Harvey,  M.D.,  senior,  was  born 
about  1637,  and  educated  in  the  Low  Countries,  where  he  acquired 
a  good  knowledge  of  Latin  and  Greek.  He  was  admitted  at  Exeter 
college,  Oxford,  but  left  that  university  without;  aking  a  degree. 
Going  thence  to  Leyden,  where  I  meet  with  him  in  January,  1657, 
he  studied  under  Vander  Linden,  Vanhorne,  and  Vorstius,  all 
teachers  of  acknowledged  excellence.  He  was  taught  chemistry  by 
a  German  then  residing  at  Leyden,  and  there  also  he  learned  the 
practical  part  of  surgery  and  the  business  of  an  apothecary.  After 
this  he  visited  France,  and  on  his  return  to  Holland  was  appointed 
physician  in  ordinary  to  king  Charles  II,  then  in  exile.  On  the 
title  page  of  one  of  his  books,  "  A  New  Discourse  of  the  Small  Pox 
and  Malignant  Fevers,"  16mo.,  Lond.,  1685,  he  styles  himself,  "in 
the  time  of  the  Rebellion,  Fellow  of  the  College  of  Physicians  at 
the  Hague."  Harvey  subsequently  returned  to  England,  and  was 
shortly  sent  to  Flanders,  as  physician  to  the  English  army  there  ; 
but  getting  tired  of  his  appointment  he  resigned  his  commission, 
travelled  through  Germany  into  Italy,  spent  some  time  at  Padua, 
Bologna,  and  Rome,  and  then  returned  through  Switzerland  and 
Holland  to  England.  He  had  probably  taken  a  doctor's  degree  at 
Leyden,  ere  leaving  that  university.  The  date  of  his  death  thus  far 
escapes  me.  His  books,  which  were  numerous,  attained  a  certain 
notoriety  in  their  day,  but  were  never  esteemed  by  the  profession. 
He  seems,  says  one  account  of  him,  to  have  been  "  an  hypothetical 
prater  throughout,  and  to  have  differed  just  as  much  from  his  great 
namesake,  the  discoverer  of  the  circulation,  as  a  quack  differs  from 


12  BOLL  OF   THE  [1703 

SIR  DAVID  HAMILTON,  M.D.,  was  a  native  of  Scot- 
land. On  the  30th  October,  1683,  being  then  twenty 
years  of  age,  he  entered  on  the  physic  line  at  Leyden. 
He  graduated  doctor  of  medicine  in  the  university 
of  Paris  (D.M.L  de  Passione  Hysterica,  4to.  1686), 
and  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  9th  April.,  1688.  On  the  25th  June,  1703, 
being  then  physician  in  ordinary  to  the  queen,  he  was 
admitted  a  Fellow  of  the  College.  He  was  admitted  a 
fellow  of  the  Eoyal  Society  5th  May,  1708.  Sir  David 
Hamilton  was  the  leading  practitioner  of  midwifery  in 
the  metropolis,  and  is  said  to  have  amassed  in  the  ex- 
ercise of  his  profession  a  fortune  of  80,000^.,  all  of 
which  was  lost  in  one  year,  1720,  in  the  South  Sea 

a  true  physician."  The  following  list  includes  the  chief  of  his  publi- 
cations : — 

Archeologia  Philosophica  Nova,  or  New  Principles  of  Philosophy. 
4to.  Lond.  1668. 

A  Discourse  of  the  Plague.     4to.  Lond.  1665. 

Morbus  Anglicus,  or  the  Anatomy  of  Consumptions.  12mo. 
Lond.  1666. 

Little  Venus  Unmasked,  or  a  perfect  discovery  of  the  French 
Pox.  12mo.  Lond.  1671. 

Great  Venus  Unmasked,  or  a  more  exact  discovery  of  the  Vene- 
real Disease.  8vo.  Lond.  1672. 

De  Febribus  Tractatus  theoreticus,  et  practicus  prsecipue,  quo 
Praxin  curandarum  Febrium  continuarum  modernam  esse  lethiferam 
et  barbaram  abunde  patent.  8vo.  Lond.  1672. 

The  Disease  of  London,  or  a  New  Discovery  of  the  Scurvy.  8vo. 
Lond.  1674. 

The  Conclave  of  Physicians,  in  two  Parts,  detecting  their  In- 
trigues, Frauds,  and  Plots  against  their  Patients,  &c.  12mo.  Lond. 
1683. 

The  Family  Physician  and  the  House  Apothecary.  18mo.  Lond. 
1676. 

A  Memorable  Case  of  a  Nobleman  ;  moreover  the  Art  of  Curing 
the  most  dangerous  of  Wounds  by  the  first  Intention.  8vo.  Lond. 
1685. 

The  Art  of  Curing  Diseases  by  Expectation.    12mo.  Lond.  1689. 

The  Vanities  of  Philosophy  and  Physic.  3rd  edit.  8vo.  Lond. 
1702. 

A  Treatise  of  the  Small  Pox  and  Measles.     12mo.  Lond.  1696. 

His  portrait,  probably  at  Exeter  college,  Oxford,  was  engraved 
by  Pierre  Phillippe. 


1703]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.         13 

scheme."""  "  He  was,"  says  Daniel  Turner,  "  better 
qualified  for  the  chirurgical  operation  of  delivery  than 
the  medical  province  of  prescription."!  He  lived  in 
Bow-lane,  and  died  28th  August,  1721,  being  then 
physician  to  the  princess  of  Wales. 
He  was  the  author  of — 

Tractatus  duplex ;  prior  de  Praxeos  Regulis ;  alter  de  Febre 
Miliari.  8vo.  Lond.  1710; 

and  of  some  pamphlets  of  a  religious  tendency.  In 
"The  Private  Christian's  Witness  to  the  Truth  of 
Christianity,"  he  represents  it  as  the  matter  of  his 
frequent  experience,  that  future  events  were  pointed 
out  to  him  in  the  course  of  his  praying,  in  such  a  man- 
ner that  he  could  judge  as  to  the  success  he  should 
have  in  his  undertakings. 

ROGER  KENYON,  A.B.,  was  the  son  of  Edward  Ken- 
yon,  rector  of  Prestwich,  in  Lancashire.  He  was  edu- 
cated at  Stockport  school,  was  admitted  a  pensioner  of 
St.  John's  college,  Cambridge,  10th  April,  1682,  com- 
menced A.B.  1685,  and  was  elected  a  fellow  of  his  col- 
lege. He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  22nd  December,  1703.  He  was  a  non-juror 
and  died  at  St.  Germains.  He  was  instrumental  in 
the  publication  of  Charles  Leslie's  works  in  2  vols. 
folio,  1721. 

ROBERT  NASMYTH  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licenti- 
ate of  the  College  of  Physicians  llth  February,  1703-4. 
He  practised  at  Great  Yarmouth. 

*  Houston's  Memoirs  of  his  own  Lifetime.  8vo.  Lond.  1653 
p.  82. 

f  "Vitse  integritate  spectabilis,  literis  doctus,  et  in  arte  suaperitus 
extitit  David  Hamilton,  Medicus  Annas  reginae.  Vir  quam  maxime 
benignus,  pauperes  eegrotos  ssepe  visitavit,  et  non  solum  remedia 
praescripsit,  sed  quidquid,  arte  sua,  die  Dominica  acquisivit  iis  libe- 
raliter  largitus  est ;  facinus  eo  magis  laude  dignum,  quod  non 
gloriose  sed  quam  privatim,  actum  sit."  Oratio  Harveiana  habita 
18  Octobris,  1775,  Auctore  Donaldo  Monro,  M.D. 


14  ROLL  OF  THE  [170G 

EDMUND  FROST,  a  practitioner  at  Hunston,  in  Suf- 
folk, was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College 
26th  April,  1704. 

THOMAS  HODGSON  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate 
of  the  College  of  Physicians  16th  March,  1704-5.  He 
practised  at  Lancaster. 

JOHN  SHEPPARD  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate 
16th  April,  1705.  He  practised  at  Framlingham,  in 
Suffolk. 

THOMAS  WHALLEY  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licenti- 
ate of  the  College  of  Physicians  20th  June,  1705.  He 
was  then  practising  with  much  repute  at  Lewes. 

TOBIAS  WHARTON,  of  Stockton,  in  the  county  of 
Durham,  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  10th 
August,  1705. 

BENJAMIN  WALLER,  of  Newport  Pagnell,  was  ad- 
mitted an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physi- 
cians 12th  December,  1705. 

JOHN  TURNER,  of  Enfield,  was  admitted  an  Extra- 
Licentiate  of  the  College  25th  March,  1706. 

EDWARD  BODENHAM,  of  Benenden,  Kent,  was  ad- 
mitted an  Extra-Licentiate  14th  June,  1706. 

JAMES  BAYLES  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of 
the  College  24th  June,  1706.  He  practised  at  Bidefoid, 
North  Devon. 

JOHN  ADDENBROOKE,  M.D. — A  native  of  Stafford- 
shire, was  educated  at  Catherine  hall,  Cambridge,  of 
which  house  he  was  a  fellow.  He  proceeded  A.B.  1701 ; 
A.M.  1705  ;  and  on  the  3rd  September,  1706,  was  ad- 
mitted an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians, 


1706]  ROYAL  COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  15 

being  represented  as  then  of  West  Bromwicb,  in  his 
native  county.  He  graduated  M.D.  at  Cambridge  in 
1712,  and  would  seem  to  have  practised  his  faculty  for 
some  years  at  Cambridge  ;  but  of  his  professional  career 
little  is  known.  He  died  on  the  7th  June,  1719,  aged 
thirty-nine ;  and  by  his  will  bequeathed  about  four 
thousand  pounds  "  to  erect  and  maintain  a  small  physi- 
cal hospital"  at  Cambridge,  now  known  as  Adden- 
brooke's  hospital.  The  sum  left  by  Dr.  Addenbrooke 
being  found  insufficient  for  its  support,  an  Act  of  Par- 
liament was  obtained  in  the  year  1766,  for  making  it  a 
general  hospital ;  and  in  October  of  the  same  year  it 
was  opened  for  the  reception  of  patients,  since  which  it 
has  been  chiefly  supported  by  voluntary  contributions. 
It  was,  however,  further  endowed  in  1813  by  Mr.  John 
Bowtell,  a  bookseller  and  stationer  in  Cambridge,  who 
bequeathed  to  the  institution  7,OOOZ.  Three  per  cent, 
consolidated  bank  annuities,  a  portion  of  which  was 
appropriated  to  the  addition  of  two  wings.  Dr.  Adden- 
brooke is  commemorated  by  the  following  inscription  in 
the  chapel  of  Catherine  hall  :— 

M.  S. 

JOHANNIS  ADDENBROOKE,  M.D. 
de  Swinford  Regis  in  Comitatu  Staffordise, 

hujus  Collegii  olim  Socii. 
Obiit  7mo  die  Junii  An0  Dom:  1719.     JSt:  39. 

JAMES  DRAKE,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Cambridge,  in 
1667.  He  was  educated  at  Caius  college,  and  as  a 
member  of  that  house  proceeded  M.B.  1690,  M.D.  1694. 
Settling  in  London,  he  was  patronised  by  Sir  Thomas 
Millington,  and  some  other  eminent  physicians,  and  in 
1701  was  elected  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society.  He 
was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
25th  June,  1698  ;  and  a  Fellow  30th  September,  1706. 
Dr.  Drake  was  a  man  of  warm  feelings,  and,  preferring 
politics  to  physic,  became  a  violent  party  writer.  He 
was  concerned  in  169 7  in  the  publication  of  a  pamphlet, 
entitled  "  Commendatory  Verses  upon  the  Author  of 
prince  Arthur  and  king  Arthur ;"  and  in  1 702  he  pub- 


1C  KOLL   OP  THE  [l70G 

lished  "  The  History  of  the  last  Parliament  begun  at 
Westminster  Feb.  10,  in  the  12th  year  of  king  William, 
A.D.  1700."  The  House  of  Lords,  thinking  that  this 
work  reflected  too  severely  on  the  memory  of  the  king, 
summoned  the  author  before  them  in  May,  1702,  and 
ordered  him  to  be  prosecuted  by  the  attorney-general. 
He  was  brought  to  trial,  but  acquitted.  In  1704  Dr. 
Drake,  in  concert  with  Mr.  Poley,  the  member  for 
Ipswich,  wrote  "  The  Memorial  of  the  Church  of  Eng- 
land, humbly  offered  to  the  consideration  of  all  true 
lovers  of  the  Church  and  Constitution."  This  pamphlet 
was  anonymous,  and  every  precaution  was  taken  by 
the  authors  to  elude  discovery.  The  treasurer  Godol- 
phin,  and  the  other  great  officers  of  the  Crown,  therein 
severely  reflected  on,  were  so  incensed  at  the  publica- 
tion that  they  represented  it  to  the  queen,  as  an  insult 
on  her  honour,  and  as  conveying  an  intimation  that  the 
Church  was  in  danger  under  her  administration.  In  the 
speech  from  the  throne,  27th  October,  1705,  her  Majesty 
alluded  to  "  The  Memorial,"  and  was  addressed  by  both 
Houses  of  Parliament  upon  that  occasion.  Soon  after- 
wards the  queen,  on  the  petition  of  the  House  of  Com- 
mons, issued  a  proclamation  for  discovering  the  author 
of  the  pamphlet.  Drake  was  generally  suspected,  but 
proof  could  not  be  obtained  against  him  ;  and  even  the 
masked  female  who  conveyed  the  MS.  to  the  printer 
could  never  be  discovered.  Parliament,  however,  was 
not  the  only  body  that  resented  the  publication ;  for 
the  grand  jury  of  the  city  of  London  having  presented  it 
at  the  sessions,  as  "  a  false,  scandalous,  and  traitorous 
libel,"  it  was  forthwith  burnt  in  the  sight  of  the  Court 
then  sitting,  and  afterwards  before  the  Royal  Exchange 
by  the  common  hangman.  In  April,  1706,  Dr.  Drake 
was  prosecuted  for  the  publication  of  "  Mercurius  Poli- 
ticus,"  a  newspaper  which  reflected  seriously  upon  the 
conduct  of  Government.  The  case  was  argued  in  the 
court  of  Queen's  Bench,  when,  upon  a  flaw  in  the  infor- 
mation, the  trial  was  adjourned  ;  and  in  November  fol- 
lowing the  doctor  was  acquitted  ;  but  the  Government 


1706]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  17 

brought  a  writ  of  error.  The  severity  of  this  prosecu- 
tion, joined  to  repeated  disappointments,  and,  it  is  said, 
ill-usage  from  some  of  his  political  party,  produced  a 
fever,  and  that  fever  death,  on  the  2nd  March,  1706-7.* 
"  Dr.  Drake  was  a  man  of  quick,  pregnant  parts,  well 
stored  with  learning,  and  improved  by  good  conversa- 
tion. He  had  a  great  mastery  of  the  English  tongue, 
and  wrote  with  ease  and  fluency,  in  a  manly  style. 
Though  various  judgments  were  passed  upon  his  politi- 
cal writings,  according  to  people's  different  humours, 
passions,  and  interests,  yet  all  agreed  in  commending 
his  way  of  writing."! 

Dr.  Drake  is  remembered  in  the  profession  by  his 
"  Anthropologia  Nova  ;  or  a  New  System  of  Anatomy, 
describing  the  Animal  Economy,  and  a  Short  Rationale 
of  many  Distempers  incident  to  Human  Bodies,"  2  vols. 
8vo. ;  a  work  once  highly  and  deservedly  popular,  which 
was  finished  a  short  time  only  before  the  author's  decease, 
and  was  published  in  1707,  with  a  commendatory  pre- 
face by  Dr.  Wagstafie,  reader  of  anatomy  at  Surgeons' 
hall,  and  physician  to  St.  Bartholomew's  hospital.  It 
came  to  a  second  edition  in  1717,  and  to  a  third  in 
1727,  and  continued  to  maintain  its  popularity  until 
displaced  by  the  "  Anatomy,"  of  Cheselden.  Dr. 
Drake  added  notes  to  the  English  translation  of  "  Le 
Clerc's  History  of  Medicine  ;"  and  in  the  "  Philosophical 
Transactions"  there  is  a  clever  paper  from  his  pen,  "  On 
an  Influence  of  Respiration  on  the  Motion  of  the  Heart, 
hitherto  unobserved."  He  was  also  the  author  of  a 
comedy,  "  The  Sham  Lawyer,  or  the  Lucky  Extrava- 
gant," chiefly  borrowed  from  two  of  Fletcher's  plays, 
which  was  produced  at  the  Theatre  Royal.  In  1703  he 
sent  to  the  press  "Historia  Anglo-Scotica ;  or,  an  Impar- 
tial History  of  all  that  happened  between  the  Kings 

*  "The  second  day  of  this  month  (March,  1706-7)  Dr.  James 
Drake,  Fellow  of  this  College,  died  of  a  fever :  a  gentleman  of  very 
pregnant  parts  and  good  learning,  as  appears  by  the  writings  he  has 
left  behind  him,  and  deserved  a  much  better  treatment  from  the 
great  world  than  he  met  with  in  it." — Annals,  vol.  vii,  p  244. 

f  Biographia  Britannica. 
VOL.  II.  C 


18  ROLL  OF  THE  [1707 

and  Kingdoms  of  England  and  Scotland,  from  the  be- 
ginning of  the  reign  of  William  the  Conqueror  to  the 
reign  of  queen  Elizabeth."  This  was  publicly  burnt  at 
Edinburgh,  as  his  "  Memorial "  had  been  in  London. 
The  "  Memorial"  was  reprinted  in  1711,  with  an  intro- 
ductory preface  containing  the  life  of  the  author, — a 
memoir  which  has  formed  the  basis  of  all  subsequent 
sketches  of  this  unfortunate  man.  His  portrait  by 
Thomas  Foster  was  engraved  by  M.  Van  Gucht. 

JAMES  KEITH,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine  of  Aber- 
deen, of  15th  July,  1704  ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  30th  September,  1706.  He 
died  1st  November,  1726. 

JOHN  WATTS,  of  Aylesbury,  was  admitted  an  Extra- 
Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  5th  December, 
1706. 

RALPH  GILBERT,  LL.D.,  was  educated  at  Trinity 
hah1,  Cambridge,  of  which  society  he  beca.me  a  fellow. 
He  proceeded  LL.B.  1698  ;  LL.D.  1705  ;  and  was  ad- 
mitted a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  17th 
April,  1707. 

EDWARD  TARRY,  of  South  Minims,  was  admitted  an 
Extra-Licentiate  28th  April,  1707. 

CHARLES  THIRLBY,  of  Bristol,  was  admitted  an  Extra- 
Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  26th  June, 
1707. 

THOMAS  BROWNE,  M.D.,  was  the  only  son  of  Dr. 
Edward  Browne,  a  distinguished  fellow,  and  for  seven 
years  President  of  our  College,  by  his  wife,  a  daughter 
of  Christopher  Terne,  M.D.  He  was  bora  in  London, 
and  baptized  at  St.  Andrew's  Undershaft,  21st  January, 
1672-3,  but  spent  most  of  his  childhood  at  Norwich 
with  his  grandfather,  the  distinguished  author  of  the 


1707]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF    PHYSICIANS.  19 

"  Religio  Medici,"  and  in  that  city  would  seem  to  have 
received  his  rudimentary  education.  At  a  suitable  age 
he  was  sent  to  Cambridge,  and  entered  at  Trinity  col- 
lege, as  a  member  of  which  he  proceeded  M.B.  1695, 
M.D.  1700.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  30th  September,  1704,  and  a  Fellow 
30th  September,  1707.  On  the  death  of  his  father,  in 
1708,  Dr.  Thomas  Browne  came  into  possession  of  a 
good  house  and  estate  at  Northfleet,  Kent,  and  retiring 
thither,  gave  way,  if  we  may  credit  Le  Neve's  state- 
ment, to  habits  of  gross  intemperance.  He  was  killed 
in  1710,  by  a  fall  from  his  horse,  while  riding  in  a  state 
of  intoxication  from  Gravesend  to  Southfleet.  His  re- 
mains were  interred  in  the  church  of  Northfleet,  and  at 
the  foot  of  his  father's  monument  is  the  following  short 
memento  : — 

Hie  etiam  situs  est  THOMAS  BROWNE,  M.D.,  ejusdem  Edwardi 
Browne  filius  unicus.  Ex  hac  vita  migravit  Anno  ^Etatis  36°  An- 
noque  Domini  1710. 

In  1698  he  had  married  his  cousin  Alethea,  fourth 
and  youngest  daughter  of  his  uncle  Henry  Fairfax,  esq., 
but  she  died  in  1704,  leaving  no  children,  and  was 
buried  at  Hurst,  in  Berkshire.  Among  the  Sloan e 
MSS.  (No.  1,900)  is  an  account  in  Dr.  Thomas 
Browne's  handwriting  of  a  tour  he  took,  in  company 
with  Dr.  Robert  Plot,  "  for  the  discovery  of  antiqui- 
ties and  curiosities  in  England."  This  was  published 
for  the  first  time  in  Mr.  Wilkin's  excellent  edition  of 
the  works  of  Sir  Thomas  Browne. 

SAMUEL  ESTEVE,  M.D. — A  French  Protestant  refu- 

fee,  and  a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Montpelier,  of  22nd 
uly,  1673,  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  30th  September,  1707.     His  marriage  with 
Marie  Jacquin,  in  1694,  is  recorded  in  the  register  of 
the  French  chapel,  Hungerford  market.  *     In  his  will 

*  Burns'  History  of  the  French,  Walloon,  and  other  foreign  Pro- 
testant refugees,  p.  148. 

c  2 


20  ROLL  OF   THE  [1708 

he  gives  the  reversion  of  fifty  pounds  per  annum  to  the 
congregation  of  French  Protestants  then  assembling  in 
the  parish  of  St.  Martin  Orgars,  in  the  city. 

KICHARD  MORTON,  M.D.,  was  the  only  son  of  Dr. 
Eichard  Morton,  a  Fellow  of  the  College  before  men- 
tioned. He  was  created  doctor  of  medicine  at  Cam- 
bridge, as  a  member  of  Catherine  hall,  in  1695  ;  was 
admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  22nd 
December,  1696  :  and  a  Fellow  22nd  December,  1707. 
Dr.  Morton  was  appointed  physician  to  Greenwich  hos- 
pital, in  April,  1716,  and  died  there  1st  February,  1729- 
30.  He  has  some  verses  prefixed  to  his  father's  Pyre- 
tologia. 

FRANCIS  BELLINGER. — An  undergraduate  of  Brase- 
nose  college,  Oxford,  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  29th  March,  1708.  He  practised 
for  a  time  at  Stamford,  but  eventually  removed  to  Lon- 
don, and  died  in  September,  1721.  He  was  the  author 
of  a  work  entitled — 

A  Discourse  concerning  the  Nutrition  of  the  Foetus  in  the  Womb. 
8vo.  Lond.  1717. 

A  Treatise  concerning  the  Small  Pox.  8vo.  Lond.  1721. 

LAWRENCE  BANYER  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  26th  May,  1708.  He  practised  at 
Wisbeach.  Two  of  this  name  were  buried  at  Wis- 
beach; which  was  the  Extra- Licentiate  I  have  no  means 
of  determining.  The  following  certified  copy,  from  the 
"  Register  Books  of  Wisbeach,  St.  Peter  and  St.  Paul," 
is  before  me  :— 

Burials.  1720.  June  7th.  Lawrence  Banyer,  Gent. 
1728.  Jan.  26.  Lawrence  Banyer,  Grent. 

FRANCIS  LEE,  A.M. — A  native  of  Surrey,  born  2nd 
March,  1661,  was  educated  at  Merchant  Taylor's  school, 
whence  he  was  elected  in  1679  probationary  fellow  of 
St.  John's  college,  Oxford,  as  a  member  of  which  he 


1708]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.         21 

proceeded  A.B.  9th  May,  1683  ;  A.M.  19th  March, 
1686.  In  1691  he  was  deprived  of  his  fellowship,  for 
being  a  non-juror,  and  diverting  to  medicine,  proceeded 
to  Leyden,  and  on  the  llth  May,  1692,  being  then  thirty 
years  of  age,  was  inscribed  on  the  physic  line  there.  He 
was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
25th  June,  1708.  He  died  at  Gravelines  23rd  August, 
1719. 

JOHN  LACY,  of  Berkhampstead,  co.  Herts,  was  ad- 
mitted an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physi- 
cians 22nd  July,  1708. 

JAMES  LADDS,  M.D.,  was  educated  at  Caius  college, 
Cambridge.  On  the  27th  May,  1689,  he  was  entered 
on  the  physic  line  at  Leyden.  Returning  to  Cambridge, 
he  proceeded  M.B.  1690  ;  M.D.  3rd  July,  1695.  He 
was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
22nd  December,  1707,  and  a  Fellow  23rd  December, 
1708.  He  was  Censor  in  1715,  1722,  and  dying  3rd 
January,  1724-5,  was  buried  on  the  12th  at  St. 
Andrew's,  Holborn. 

WILLIAM  GRIMBALSTON,  M.D.,  was  educated  at  Je- 
sus college,  Cambridge,  as  a  member  of  which  he  pro- 
ceeded master  of  arts  in  1688  ;  and  on  the  1st  of  Octo- 
ber in  that  year  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians.  The  College  having  been  ordered 
by  the  queen  to  name  a  physician  to  attend  the  fleet 
and  soldiers  designed  for  the  West  Indies,  recommended 
Dr.  Grimbalston,  who  had  expressed  his  willingness  to 
undertake  that  office.  He  was  appointed  to  it.  Pro- 
ceeding doctor  of  medicine  at  Cambridge  in  1696,  he 
was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  22nd  De- 
cember, 1707,  and  a  Fellow  23rd  December,  1708.  Dr. 
Grimbalston  married  Mary,  a  daughter  of  Philip  Chet- 
wode,  of  Oakley  hall,  co.  Stafford,  esq.,  by  his  wife, 
Hester,  daughter  and  heiress  of  William  Touchet,  of 
Whitley,  in  the  county  of  Chester,  esq.  Dr.  Grimbal- 
ston died  29th  September,  1725. 


22  KOLL   OF   THE  [1708 

HENRY  LEVETT,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  William  Levett, 
of  Swindon,  co.  Wilts,  esq.,  and  was  educated  at  the 
Charterhouse.  On  the  12th  June,  1686,  being  then 
eighteen  years  old,  he  was  matriculated  at  Magdalen 
hall,  Oxford,  and  in  July  of  the  same  year  was  elected 
demy  of  Magdalen  college ;  but  being  elected  to  a  fellow- 
ship at  Exeter  college,  he  removed  thither,  and  as  a 
member  of  that  house  proceeded  A.B.  24th  November, 
1 692  ;  A.M.  7th  July,  1694  ;  M.B.  4th  June,  1695  ;  and 
M.D.  22nd  April,  1699.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate 
of  the  College  of  Physicians  22nd  December,  1707  ;  and 
a  Fellow  23rd  December,  1708  ;  was  Censor  in  1717  ; 
Treasurer,  1718,  1719,  1720,  and  again  for  1723  and 
1724.  He  was  physician  to  St.  Bartholomew's  hospital, 
and  to  the  Charterhouse ;  to  the  first  he  was  elected 
29th  April,  1707,  to  the  second  in  1713.  Dr.  Levett 
restored,  or  more  properly  rebuilt  the  physician's  house 
at  the  Charterhouse,  and  left  to  his  successors  in  that 
office  the  commodious  residence  in  Charterhouse-square, 
on  the  left  of  the  archway  leading  into  the  Charterhouse. 
He  died  at  this  his  residence,  in  July,  1725.  He  was 
buried  in  the  chancel  of  the  Charterhouse  chapel,  where 
there  is  a  monument  with  the  following  inscription  : — 

H.  S.  E. 

Apud  suos  Carthusianos, 

quos  ita  semper  unice  dilexit  et  coluit, 

ut,  quorum  intra  parietes  enutritus  est, 

in  iisdem  vivere  voluerit  et  mori 

HENRICUS  LEVETT,  M.D. 

qui, 

Oxonise 

e  Collegio  S.  Magdalenae 
in  Socium  cooptatus  Exoniensem  : 

Lcradini 
Nbscomio  S.  Bartholomaei  preepositus, 

et  in  Regali  Medicorum  Societate 

non  una  vice  et  Censor  et  Thesaurarius  : 

ad  bujusce  insuper  Hospitii  curam  accersitus, 

-iiEdes  sibi  pro  suo  munere  destinatas 

sumptu  baud  modico  instauravit, 

easque  egregium  successoribus  suis  donum 

et  sibi  ipsi  monumentum  reliquit. 

Diversis  hujusce  vitas  officiis 


1708]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  23 

quocunque  ea  in  loco  obtigerant 

feliciter  functus, 
omnium  commodis  inserviit, 

et  omnibus  gratiam 
et  sine  invidia  laudem  consectus  est : 

erat  enim  ingenio 

simplici,  aperto,  perhumano, 

antiquis  moribus  et  fide, 

neque  illo  quisquam 

aut  amici  aut  viri  probi, 

aut  medici  denique  scientis  et  assidui 

partes  cumulatius  explevit. 

Ob.  Julii  A.C.  1725.     Mi.  58. 

THOMAS  CROW,  M.D.,  was  of  Caius  college,  Cam- 
bridge, as  a  member  of  which  he  proceeded  bachelor 
of  medicine  1694;  doctor  of  medicine  1699.  He  was 
admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
22nd  December,  1707,  and  a  Fellow  23rd  December, 
1708.  He  was  Censor  in  1713  and  1720.  Dr.  Crow 
in  1720,  being  then  senior  censor,  gave  to  the  college 
the  clock  now  in  the  reading-room,  then  valued  at 

O  * 

30Z.  He  took  a  very  active  part  in  the  preparation  of 
the  Pharmacopoeia  Londinensis  of  1746  ;  and  at  his 
own  cost  furnished  every  member  of  the  College  with 
a  printed  copy,  first  of  the  original  draft  of  the  work ; 
and  subsequently  of  it  as  finally  agreed  on  by  the 
committee  for  presentation  to  the  College.  Dying  llth 
August,  1751,  aged  eighty,  he  bequeathed  to  St.  Luke's 
hospital  (of  which  he  was  vice-president)  400/.  ;  to  St. 
Thomas's  and  Christ's  hospitals  100?.  each  ;  and  to  the 
College  of  Physicians  50/.  and  his  library  of  Greek  and 
Latin  books,  a  very  choice  collection.'3'5' 

*  The  following  are  clauses  from  his  will : — "  1  give  to  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  50Z.  in  consideration  of  some  loss  sustained  by 
them  by  a  tenant  of  my  recommending."  "  I,  Thomas  Crow,  do 
make  this  codicil  to  my  last  will  and  testament.  I  give  to  the  Pre- 
sident and  College  of  Physicians  in  London  and  their  successors  for 
an  addition  to  their  library  such  of  my  printed  books  only  as  have 
no  English  in  them  and  as  they  have  not  already  in  their  library ; 
and  if  they  like  any  copies  of  the  printed  books  in  my  library  better 
than  the  printed  books  of  the  like  kind  now  in  the  college  library, 
or  if  mine  be  better  copies,  though  they  have  them  already  (I  mean 


24  ROLL   OF   THE  [1708 

HENRY  PLUMPTRE,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Nottingham- 
shire and  educated  at  Queen's  college,  Cambridge,  of 
which  house  he  was  admitted  a  pensioner  19th  Janu- 
ary, 1697-8.  He  graduated  A.B.  1701-2,  and  on  the 
15th  February,  1702-3  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  his  col- 
lege, an  office  he  vacated  by  not  taking  orders  4th  July, 
1707.  He  proceeded  A.M.  1705  and  M.D.  per  literas 
Regias  in  1706.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  22nd  December,  1707,  and  a  Fel- 
low 23rd  December,  1708.  He  delivered  the  Gulstonian 
lectures  in  1711  ;  the  Harveian  oration  in  1722  ;  and  on 
the  19th  March,  1732-3,  was  appointed  to  succeed  Dr. 
Walter  Harris  as  Lumleian  lecturer.  Dr.  Plumptre 
was  Censor  in  1717,  1722,  1723,  1736  ;  Registrar  from 
1718  to  1722  inclusive;  Treasurer  13th  July,  1725,  in 
place  of  Dr.  Levett,  deceased;  and  Consiliarius  1735, 
1738,  1739.  On  the  5th  August,  1720,  he  "presented 
to  the  college  a  writing  standish  of  plate  of  80  ounces/' 
He  was  named  an  Elect  5th  May,  1727;  and  occu- 
pied the  Presidential  chair  for  six  consecutive  years, 
viz.,  from  1740  to  1745  inclusive.  During  the  whole 
of  the  period  that  Dr.  Plumptre  was  president  the  fifth 
Pharmacopoeia  Londinensis  was  in  course  of  revision 
and  re-construction.  To  its  improvement  he  devoted 
his  best  exertions  and  energy,  and  to  him  it  would 
seem  was  mainly  due  the  simplification  in  the  formulae 
that  distinguished  the  work  from  all  its  predecessors. 
The  Pharmacopoeia  was  published  in  the  summer  of 
1746.  Dr.  Plumptre  died  26th  November,  1746.*  The 

such,  as  have  no  English),  I  give  unto  the  College,  to  be  chosen  by 
Dr.  Letherland,  Dr.  Hall,  and  Dr.  Reeve,  or  any  of  them,  within 
three  months  after  my  decease  and  after  they  have  chosen  for  the 
College,  as  I  doubt  not  they  will  do  very  fairly,  I  give  all  the 
remainder  of  my  printed  books  as  have  no  English  in  them  I 
give  them  to  my  good  friend,  Mr.  Paul  of  Cannon-street,  London, 
surgeon." 

*  "  Meministis  ipsi  quam  varia  ille  abundaret  doctrina ;  quo  in- 
genio  floreret ;  quam  splendide  amplissimum  apud  vos  magistratum 
gereret;  ut  omni  studio,  gratia,  auctoritate  incumberet  ad  hanc 
tuendam  Remp.  Nee  minori  sane  cura  et  diligentia  medicinae  ipsius 
cultui  et  castitati  prospexit ;  qui  Pharmacopoeias  nostrae  corrigendae 


17081      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.         25 


_i 


portrait  of  this  physician,  possessed  by  the  College,  was 
presented  by  himself  1st  October,  1744.  The  doctor 
was  physician  to  St.  Thomas's  hospital,  an  office  he 
resigned  in  1736.  Dr.  Plumptre  was  the  author  of  a 
pamphlet  entitled  "  A  Serious  Conference  between 
Scaramouch  and  Harlequin,"  having  reference  to  the 
controversy  then  raging  between  Dr.  Woodward  and 
Dr.  Friend.* 

JOHN  TURNER  had  previously  practised  as  an  apothe- 
cary, but,  having  been  disfranchised  of  his  Company, 
he  was,  after  the  usual  examinations,  admitted  a  Li- 
centiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  23rd  December, 
1708.  He  was  the  author  of  a  small  work — 

De  Febre  Britannica  Anni  1712  Schediasma.     4to.  Lond.  1713.  ] 

STEPHEN  HALL  was  a  son  of  Mr.  Henry  Hall,  a 
citizen  and  merchant  taylor  of  London,  who  died  31st 
March,  1730.  He  had  practised  for  some  years  as  a 
surgeon  in  London,  but,  having  relinquished  that 
branch  of  the  profession,  was  on  the  1st  February, 
1708-9,  admitted  an  Extra- Licentiate  of  the  College 
of  Physicians.  He  was  subsequently  appointed  phy- 
sician to  Greenwich  hospital,  and  died  29th  October, 
1731,  aged  fifty-six.  He  was  buried  in  the  family 
vault  at  West  Ham,  and  is  commemorated  with  his 

tarn  sedulo  invigilaverit,  inconditasque  medicamentorum  farragines 
et  inexplicabiles  mixturas  tarn  prudent!  delectu,  tarn  elegant!  sim- 
plicitate,  temperaverit.  Idem  pariter  in  vita  constans  veritatis  non 
fucate  cultor,  et  inimicus  fraudis ;  in  circulis,  in  congressionibus 
familiariiim  festivus,  dulcis,  urbanus,  non,  nisi  apud  segros,  se  pro- 
fessus  medicum.  Neque  enim  oportere  visuin  est  supercilium,  et 
rugas,  et  senectutem  induere ;  nee  dissociabiles  esse  res  judicavit 
jucunditatem  et  sapientiam.  Felicem  ilium  ingenii,  qui  seria  sua 
quasi  aliud  agens  et  ludibundus  expedire  potuit ;  et  ne  ludebat 
quidem,  ut  non  in  eo  simul  nescio  quid  egregii  et  excellentis  elnces- 
ceret ! "  Oratio  Harveiana  anno  MDCCLXI  habita,  auctore  Georgio 
Baker. 

*  Rouse's  Memoirs  of  the  Life  and  Writings  of  Dr.  Friend.  8vo. 
Lond.  1731,  p.  84. 


26  ROLL   OF   THE  [1709 

father  and  other  members  of  his  family  on  a  handsome 
altar  tomb  there. 

ABB  AH  AM  CAESLAKE,  M.B.,  was  of  Exeter  college, 
Oxford,  as  a  member  of  which  he  proceeded  A.B.  14th 
October,  1701  ;  A.M.  16th  June,  1704;  M.B.  9th  De- 
cember, 1708.  He  appeared  at  the  College  10th  March, 
1708-9,  and  "was  examined  particularly  for  the  sea 
service,  being  recommended  for  that  purpose  by  the 
right  honourable  the  earl  of  Pembroke,  lord  high 
admiral  of  England,  and  was  well  approved  of  by 
the  President  and  Elects,  and  the  following  certificate 
was  given  him  by  them  : — 

We,  the  President  and  three  of  the  Elects  of  the  College  of  Phy- 
sicians, London,  have,  according  to  Act  of  Parliament  and  in  obedi- 
ence to  his  Excellency  the  Lord  High  Admiral  of  England,  ex- 
amined Mr.  Abraham  Carslake,  bachelor  of  physick,  in  the  univer- 
sity of  Oxford,  and  do  approve  of  him  as  duly  qualified  to  serve 
Her  Majesty  as  a  Physician  in  Her  Majesty's  fleet. 

Witness  our  hands  Mar.  10,  1708." 

GEORGE  LAMB  was  educated  at  St.  John's  college, 
Cambridge,  but  left  the  university  without  taking  a 
degree.  He  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  29th  October,  1709,  and  was 
then  residing  at  Wallingford,  co.  Berks. 

JOHN  RICHARDSON  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  29th  October,  1709. 
He  practised  at  Am  wick,  his  native  place,  and  was 
living  in  1748. 

NATHANIEL  SALMON,  LL.B.,  was  the  son  of  the  Rev. 
Thomas  Salmon,  rector  of  Mepsall,  in  Bedfordshire,  by 
his  wife,  a  daughter  of  the  notorious  Serjeant  Brad- 
shaw.  He  was  admitted  at  Benet  college,  Cambridge, 
llth  June,  1690,  and  took  the  degree  of  bachelor  of 
laws  in  1695.  Shortly  after  this  he  took  orders  in  the 
church  of  England,  and  was  for  some  time  curate  of 
Westmill,  co.  Herts.  Though  he  had  taken  the  oaths 


1710]  KOYAL   COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.  27 

to  king  William  III.  he  refused  to  do  so  to  queen 
Anne,  and  when  he  could  no  longer  officiate  as  a 
clergyman  he  applied  himself  to  the  study  of  physic, 
which  he  practised  first  at  St.  Ives,  in  Huntingdon- 
shire, and  afterwards  at  Bishop's  Stortford.  He  was 
settled  at  the  last-named  town  3rd  February,  1709-10, 
when  he  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians.  He  died  2nd  April,  1742.  He 
was  a  voluminous  writer,  as  the  following  list  of  his 
works  testifies  : — 

A  Survey  of  the  Roman  Antiquities  in  the  Midland  Counties  of 
England.  8vo.  1726. 

A  Survey  of  the  Roman  Stations  in  Britain,  according  to  the 
Roman  Itinerary.  8vo.  1728. 

The  History  of  Hertfordshire,  describing  the  county  and  its 
ancient  monuments,  particularly  the  Roman,  with  the  characters 
of  those  who  have  been  the  chief  possessors  of  the  lands,  and  an 
account  of  the  most  memorable  occurrences.  Folio.  1728. 

The  Lives  of  the  English  Bishops  from  the  Restoration  to  the 
Revolution.  8vo.  1733. 

The  Antiquities  of  Surrey,  collected  from  the  most  ancient 
records,  with  some  account  of  the  present  state  and  natural 
history  of  the  county.  8vo.  1736. 

The  History  and  Antiquities  of  Essex,  from  the  collections  of  Mr. 
Strangeman,  with  notes  and  illustrations.  Folio.  1739. 

JOHN  ARBUTHNOT,  M.D.,  was  descended  from  the 
noble  family  of  his  name  and  was  the  son  of  a  clergy- 
man of  the  episcopal  church  of  Scotland.  He  was 
born  at  Arbuthnot,  near  Montrose,  and  was  educated 
at  the  university  of  Aberdeen,  where  he  took  the  de-  X 
gree  of  doctor  of  medicine.  The  Revolution  deprived 
the  father  of  his  church  preferment ;  and  though  he 
was  possessed  of  a  small  paternal  estate,  yet  necessity 
compelled  the  son  to  seek  his  fortune  abroad.  Dr. 
Arbuthnot  therefore  quitted  Scotland,  and  went  to  re- 
side at  Doncaster,  where,  however,  he  met  with  so 
little  success  that  he  speedily  left,  and  coming  to  Lon- 
don found  an  abode  in  the  house  of  Mr.  William  Pate, 
a  "learned"  woollen  draper.  He  commenced  his  career 
in  town  by  teaching  mathematics,  but  the  appearance 


28  EOLL    OF   THE  [1710 

in  1695  of  Dr.  Woodward's  "Essay  towards  a  Natu- 
ral History  of  the  Earth/'  containing  as  Arbuthnot 
thought,  an  account  of  the  deluge  wholly  inconsistent 
with  truth,  induced  him  to  publish  a  reply.  This 
work  not  only  excited  much  curiosity,  but  had  the 
further,  and,  as  regarded  his  interests,  the  more  import- 
ant effect  of  attracting  attention  towards  himself,  and  of 
giving  him  no  small  degree  of  literary  fame.  This  soon 
afterwards  received  a  considerable  and  deserved  increase 
by  his  "Essay  on  the  Usefulness  of  Mathematical  Learn- 
ing." 8vo.  1700.  About  this  time  Arbuthnot  commenced 
practice  in  the  metropolis,  and  as  his  contemporaries 
testify,  with  every  qualification  to  ensure  success.  His 
extensive  learning  and  facetious  and  agreeable  conver- 
sation, introduced  him  by  degrees  to  practice,  and  he 
soon  became  eminent  in  the  profession.  Being  acci- 
dentally at  Epsom  when  prince  George  of  Denmark  was 
suddenly  taken  ill,  he  wras  called  to  his  assistance.  The 
doctor's  advice  was  successful,  and  the  prince  recovering 
employed  him  ever  afterwards  as  his  physician.  In  1 709, 
upon  the  indisposition  of  Dr.  Hannes,  Arbuthnot  was 
appointed  physician  in  ordinary  to  queen  Anne,  and 
soon  obtained  her  Majesty's  high  favour.  Swift  calls 
him  "  the  Queen's  favourite  physician,"  and  "  the 
Queen's  favourite."  As  her  Majesty's  physician,  Arbuth- 
not was  instrumental  in  recovering  the  queen  from  a 
dangerous  illness,  and  to  this  incident  Gay,  in  the  pro- 
logue to  the  "  Shepherd's  Week,"  thus  alludes  : — 

A  skilful  leech  (so  God  him  speed) 
They  say  had  wrought  this  blessed  deed. 
This  leech  Arbuthnot  was  yclept, 
Who  many  a  night  not  once  had  slept ; 
But  watch'd  our  gracious  Sovereign  still : 
.For  who  could  rest  while  she  was  ill  ? 
Oh  !  may'st  thou  henceforth  sweetly  sleep, 
Sheer  swains  !  oh  sheer  your  softest  sheep 
To  swell  his  couch ;  for  well  I  ween, 
He  saved  the  realm,  who  saved  the  Queen. 
Quoth  I,  please  God,  I'll  high  with  glee 
To  Court,  this  Arbuthnot  to  see. 

Arbuthnot  was  created  doctor  of  medicine  at  Cam- 


1710]  ROYAJ,  COLLEGE  OF   PHYSICIANS.  29 

bridge  16th  April,  1705.  On  the  12th  December,  1707, 
he  was  elected  an  honorary  fellow  of  the  College  of  Phy- 
sicians of  Edinburgh,  and  as  physician  in  ordinary  to 
the  queen,  was  admitted  a  Fellow  of  the  Royal  College 
of  Physicians  of  London,  27th  April,  1710.  He  was 
Censor  in  1723 ;  delivered  the  Harveian  Oration  in  1727 ; 
and  was  named  an  Elect  in  place  of  Dr.  Slare,  deceased, 
5th  October,  1727.  On  the  12th  November,  1713,  he 
was  appointed  by  the  queen  physician  to  Chelsea  hos- 
pital. 

Dr.  Arbuthnot's  gentle  manners,  extensive  learning, 
and  excellent  talents  introduced  him  to  the  intimate 
acquaintance  and  warm  friendship  of  the  most  cele- 
brated literary  characters  of  his  time — to  Pope,  Swift, 
Gay,  and  Parnell,  whom  he  met  as  a  member  of  the 
Scriblerus  club.  It  was  not  long  before  Arbuthnot 
added  a  new  lustre  to  that  constellation  of  wits  by 
the  brightness  of  his  own.  With  Pope  and  Swift  his 
relations  were  of  the  most  intimate  kind.  Arbuthnot 
possessed  all  the  wit  of  the  dean  without  his  virulence 
and  indelicacy;  and  a  considerable  portion  of  the 
genius  of  Pope,  without  his  querulous  discontent.  In 
1714  he  engaged  with  them  in  a  design  to  write  a 
satire  on  the  abuses  of  human  learning  in  every  branch, 
which  was  to  have  been  executed  in  the  manner  of 
Cervantes,  under  the  history  of  feigned  adventures. 
They  had  observed  that  these  abuses  still  kept  their 
ground  against  all  that  the  gravest  and  ablest  authors 
could  say  to  discredit  them.  They  concluded,  therefore, 
that  the  force  of  ridicule  was  wanting  to  quicken  their 
disgrace,  which  was  here  in  its  place,  when  the  abuses 
had  already  been  detected  by  sober  reasoning,  and  truth 
was  in  no  danger  of  suffering  by  the  premature  use  of 
so  powerful  an  instrument.  But  a  stop  was  put  to  this 
project  by  the  queen's  death,  when  they  had  only  drawn 
out  an  imperfect  essay  towards  it,  under  the  title  of 
"  The  First  Book  of  the  Memoirs  of  Martinus  Scrible- 
rus." Dr.  Warburton  tells  us  that  "Gulliver's  Travels," 
"  The  Treatise  of  the  Profound,"  the  "  Literary  Criti- 


30  ROLL   OF  THE  [1710 

cism  on  Virgil,"  and  the  "  Memoirs  of  a  Parish  Clerk," 
are  only  so  many  detached  parts  and  fragments  of  this 
work.  The  same  writer  does  not  hesitate  to  declare 
that  polite  letters  never  lost  more  than  by  the  defeat 
of  this  scheme,  in  which  each  of  this  illustrious  trium- 
virate would  have  found  exercise  for  his  own  peculiar 
talent,  beside  constant  employment  for  that  which  they 
all  had  in  common.  Arbuthnot  was  skilled  in  everything 
that  related  to  science;  Pope  was  master  of  the  fine 
arts  ;  and  Swift  excelled  in  knowledge  of  the  world  : 
wit  they  had  all  in  equal  measure,  and  so  abundant  a 
degree,  that  no  age,  perhaps,  ever  produced  three  men 
on  whom  nature  had  more  bountifully  bestowed  it,  or 
in  whom  art  had  brought  it  to  higher  perfection.  The 
queen's  death,  and  the  disasters  which  fell  upon  his 
friends  on  that  occasion,  deeply  affected  Arbuthnot's 
spirits,  and  to  divert  his  melancholy  he  paid  a  visit  to 
his  brother  at  Paris.  His  stay  there  however,  was  but 
short;  he  returned  to  London,  and  having  on  the  death 
of  the  queen  lost  his  apartments  in  St.  James's  palace, 
took  a  house  in  Dover-street.  He  continued  to  prac- 
tise his  profession  with  good  reputation,  and  diverted 
his  leisure  hours  in  writing  papers  of  wit  and  humour. 
In  1732  he  contributed  towards  detecting  and  punish- 
ing the  frauds  and  abuses  which  had  been  carried  on 
under  the  name  of  the  "  Charitable  Corporation." 

In  1734,  having  then  for  some  years  suffered  severely 
from  asthma,  Arbuthnot  retired  to  Hampstead,  in  hopes 
of  finding  some  relief  from  his  symptoms,  but  he  died 
at  his  house  in  Cork-street,  27th  February,  1735,  an  I 
was  buried  at  St.  James's,  Piccadilly.  He  left  one  son 
and  one  daughter ;  the  former,  George,  was  one  of  the 
executors  to  Pope's  will,  and  held  the  place  of  first 
secretary  in  the  Remembrance  oflBce.  A  fine  portrait 
of  Dr.  Arbuthnot,  presumed  to  be  by  Jervas,  formerly 
in  the  possession  of  Dr.  Turton,  bishop  of  Ely,  was  pur- 
chased for  the  College  at  the  sale  of  the  bishop's  effects, 
in  1864,  and  is  on  the  staircase.  An  engraving  of 
Arbuthnot,  now  exceedingly  scarce,  is  mentioned  by 


1710]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF  PHYSICIANS.  31 

Mr.  Wadd  as  being  in  the  collection  of  Sir  William 
Musgrave,  bart. 

Few  men  have  been  more  esteemed  during  life  than 
Arbuthnot,  none  have  left  behind  them  a  higher  cha- 
racter for  learning,  or  for  the  most  elevated  social, 
moral,  and  religious  virtues.  The  language  of  eulogy 
has  been  well  nigh  exhausted  upon  him,  and  this  by 
some  of  the  wisest  and  the  best  of  men.  He  was,  in 
Dr.  Johnson's  opinion,  the  first  among  the  eminent 
writers  in  queen  Anne's  reign,  and  the  great  lexico- 
grapher describes  him  as  "  a  man  of  great  comprehen- 
sion :  skilful  in  his  profession,  versed  in  the  sciences, 
acquainted  with  ancient  literature,  and  able  to  animate 
his  mass  of  knowledge  by  a  bright  and  active  imagina- 
tion— a  scholar  with  great  brilliance  of  wit — a  wit,  who 
in  the  crowd  of  life  retained  and  discovered  a  noble 
ardour  of  religious  zeal."  "  Although,"  wrote  lord 
Orrery,  "  he  was  justly  celebrated  for  wit  and  learning, 
there  was  an  excellence  in  his  character  more  amiable 
than  all  his  other  qualifications,  I  mean  the  excellence 
of  his  heart.  He  has  shown  himself  equal  to  any  of 
his  contemporaries  in  humour  and  vivacity ;  and  he 
was  superior  to  most  men  in  acts  of  humanity  and  be- 
nevolence. His  very  sarcasms  are  the  satirical  strokes 
of  good  nature  ;  they  are  like  slaps  in  the  face  given  in 
jest,  .the  effects  of  which  may  raise  blushes,  but  no 
blackness  will  appear  after  the  blow.  He  laughs  as 
jovially  as  an  attendant  upon  Bacchus,  but  continues  as 
sober  and  considerate  as  a  disciple  of  Socrates.  He  is 
seldom  serious,  except  in  his  attacks  on  vice,  and  then 
his  spirit  rises  with  a  manly  strength  and  a  noble  in- 
dignation. No  man  exceeded  him  in  the  moral  duties 
of  life,  a  merit  still  more  to  his  honour,  as  the  ambi- 
tious powers  of  wit  and  genius  are  seldom  submissive 
enough  to  confine  themselves  within  the  limitations  of 
morality."  Swift  said  of  him  "that  he  was  a  man  who 
could  do  everything  but  walk ;"  and  Dugald  Stewart 
testifies  to  Arbuthnot 's  ability  in  a  department  of  which 
he  was  peculiarly  qualified  to  judge.  "Let  me  add," 


32  ROLL  OF  THE  [1710 

says  he,  "  that  in  the  list  of  philosophical  reformers, 
the  authors  of  '  Martinus  Scriblerus '  ought  not  to  be 
overlooked.  Their  happy  ridicule  of  the  scholastic 
logic  and  metaphysics  is  universally  known  ;  but  few 
are  aware  of  the  acuteness  and  sagacity  displayed  in 
their  allusions  to  some  of  the  most  vulnerable  passages 
in  Locke's  Essay.  In  this  part  of  the  work  it  is  com- 
monly understood  that  Arbuthnot  had  the  principal 
share."  Lastly  Thackeray  characterises  him  as  "  one  of 
the  wisest,  wittiest,  most  accomplished,  gentlest  of 
mankind." 

Dr.  Arbuthnot  was  the  author  of — 

On  the  Laws  of  Chance,  or  a  Method  of  Calculation  of  the 
Hazards  of  Game  plainly  demonstrated.  8vo.  Lond.  1692. 

An  Examination  of  Dr.  Woodward's  Account  of  the  Deluge,  &c., 
•with  a  comparison  between  Steno's  philosophy  and  the  Doctor's, 
in  the  case  of  marine  bodies  dug  up  out  of  the  earth.  8vo.  Lond. 
1695. 

Tables  of  Ancient  Coins,  Weights,  and  Measures.  4to.  Loud. 
1727. 

An  Essay  on  the  Nature  of  Aliments  and  the  Choice  of  them,  with 
practical  rules  of  diet  in  the  various  constitutions  of  the  human 
body.  8vo.  Lond.  1732. 

An  Essay  on  the  Effects  of  Air  on  Human  Bodies.  8vo.  Lond. 
His  Miscellaneous  Works,  with  an  Account  of  his  Life,  appeared  in 
2  vols.,  12mo.  Lond.  1770.* 

JOHN  RAYNER,  of  Brotherton,  co.  York,  was  admitted 
an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  22nd 
June,  1710.  One  John  Rayner,  of  Brotherton,  doubt- 
less our  Extra-Licentiate,  is  said  by  Thoresby,  the  local 
historian  and  a  family  connection,  to  have  died  in  Ja- 
maica, in  1712.  He  was  of  a  nonconformist  family, 
and  the  eldest  son  of  Thomas  Rayner,  gent.,  by  his 
wife  Mary,  daughter  and  co-heiress  of  Richard  Sykes, 
of  Leeds,  merchant,  f 

ROBERT  WELSTEAD,  A.M.,  was  the  son  of  Leonard 
Welstead,  of  Bristol,  gent.,  and  on  the  4th  December, 

*  Rose's  New  General  Biographical  Dictionary, 
t  Information  from  John  Sykes,  M.D.,  of  Doncaster,  October, 
1863. 


1710]     EOYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.         33 

1689,  being  then  sixteen  years  of  age,  was  matriculated 
at  St.  Edmund  hall,  Oxford.  He  was  elected  demy  of 
Magdalen  college,  at  the  "golden  election,"  in  1689, 
proceeded  A.B.  25th  June,  1691 ;  A.M.  12th  May,  1694  ; 
and  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College 
of  Physicians  llth  December,  1695.  He  was  then 
practising  at  Bristol,  where  he  remained  for  some  years, 
but  eventually  removing  to  London,  presented  himself 
before  the  Censors  of  the  College  ;  and  having  been 
re-examined,  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  30th  Septem- 
ber, 1710.  He  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal 
Society  20th  March,  1718,  and  is  said  by  Dr.  Thomson* 
to  have  died  1st  February,  1735.  He  was  the  author 
of- 

Tentamen  de  Variis  Hominum  N"aturis,  remediisque  ad  singulas 
accommodandis.  8vo.  Lond.  1721. 

De  ^Btate  Vergente  Liber,  ad  Hugonem  Reverendum  admodum 
Episcopum  Bristolliensem.  8vo.  Lond.  1725. 

De  Adulta  ^Etate  Liber.     8vo.  Lond.  1725. 

De  Medicina  Mentis.     8vo.  Lond.  1726. 

Tentamen  alterum  de  propriis  Naturae  Habitibus  et  remediis  ad 
singnlos  accommodatis.  8vo.  Lond.  1735. 

He  also  translated — 

Longinus  on  the  Sublime.    8vo.  Lond.  1712. 

BAZALIOL  ANGIER,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine  of 
Utrecht  27th  June,  1703  (D.M.I.  De  Apoplexia) ;  was 
admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
30th  September,  1710. 

ARNOLD  BOOT  BEIRMAN,  M.D.,  was  a  doctor  of  medi- 
cine of  Utrecht,  of  12th  March,  1695.  He  was  a  native 
of  West  Friesland  ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  22nd  December,  1710,  and  died 
in  March,  1754,  aged  eighty-one. 

WILLIAM  FULLWOOD,  M.D. — As  an  undergraduate 
of  Catherine  hall,  Cambridge,  he  was,  on  the  21st  Fe- 
bruary, 1710-11,  admitted  an  Extra- Licentiate  of  the 

*  History  of  the  Eoyal  Society.     4to.  Lond.  1812,  p.  34. 
VOL.  II.  D 


34  ROLL  OF  THE  [1711 

College  of  Physicians.     He  proceeded  M.D.  at  Cam- 
bridge, Comitiis  Regiis,  in  1717. 

JAMES  AUGUSTUS  BLONDELL,  M.D. — A  Parisian  by 
birth,  then  twenty -five  years  old,  was  entered  on  the 
physic  line  at  Leyden,  28th  April,  1691,  and  graduated 
doctor  of  medicine  there  17th  July,  1692  (D.M.I,  de 
Crisibus).  He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College 
of  Physicians  26th  March,  1711.  He  died  5th  Octo- 
ber, 1734,  and  was  buried  at  Stepney.  He  was  the 
author  of — 

The  Strength  of  Imagination  of  Pregnant  Women  examined. 
8vo.  Lond.  1727. 

The  Power  of  the  Mother's  Imagination  over  the  Foetus  examined, 
in  answer  to  Dr.  D.  Turner.  8vo.  Lond.  1729. 

And  he  has  some  verses  prefixed  to  Morton's  Pyreto- 
logia. 

CLIFTON  WINTRINGHAM,  was  the  son  of  the  Rev. 
William  Wintringham,  vicar  of  East  Retford,  co.  York, 
by  his  wife  Gertrude,  the  daughter  of  Clifton  Rodes, 
of  Sturton,  son  of  Sir  Francis  Rodes,  of  Barlborough, 
bart.  He  was  baptised  at  East  Retford,  llth  April, 
1689.  He  was  for  some  time  at  Jesus  college,  Cam- 
bridge ;  but  he  left  the  university  without  taking  a 
degree,  either  in  arts  or  medicine.  He  was  admitted 
an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  3rd 
July,  1711 ;  and  about  that  time  settled  at  York,  where 
he  practised  with  the  highest  reputation  and  success  for 
more  than  thirty-five  years.  He  was  appointed  one  of 
the  physicians  to  the  York  County  hospital  in  1746. 
Dying  at  York  12th  March,  1748,  he  was  buried  at  St. 
Michael-le-Belfrey  in  that  city  three  days  later.  He 
had  married  for  his  first  wife  Elizabeth,  daughter  of 
Richard  Nettleton,  of  Earls  Heaton,  co.  York,  and  had 
by  her  a  son,  Sir  Clifton  Wintringham,  bart.,  an  army 
physician  and  physician  in  ordinary  to  George  III.,  to 
be  mentioned  subsequently.  The  elder  Clifton  Wint- 
ringham, the  York  physician,  made  his  will  21st  Janu- 


1711]  ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.  35 

ary,  1746-7,  and  added  a  codicil  6th  February,  1747-8. 
It  was  proved  24th  July,  1749.  The  delay  was  pro- 
bably occasioned  by  his  son's  continuance  abroad :  "  My 
son  Clifton  is  at  present  beyond  the  seas,  attending  his 
Majesty's  service. "*  His  published  works,  which  are 
full  of  good  sense  and  practical  information,  are— 

Tractatus  de  Podagra,  in  quo  plurimse  de  ultimis  vasis  et  liquidis 
et  succo  nutritio  propositas  sunt  observations.  8vo.  Eboraci. 
1714. 

A  Treatise  of  Endemic  Diseases,  explaining  the  different  nature 
and  properties  of  Airs,  Situations,  Soils,  Water,  Diet,  &c.  1718. 

An  Essay  on  Contagious  Diseases,  more  particularly  on  the  Small 
Pox,  Measles,  Putrid,  Malignant,  and  Pestilential  Fevers.  8vo. 
York.  1721. 

Observations  on  Dr.  Freind's  History  of  Physick.  8vo.  Lond. 
1726. 

Commentarius  Nosologicus,  morbos  epidemicos  et  aeris  varia- 
tiones  in  urbe  Eboracensi  locisque  vicinis  per  viginti  annos  gras- 
santes  complectens.  8vo.  Lond.  1739. 

These  were  collected  and  published,  with  large  addi- 
tions and  emendations  from  the  original  MSS.  in  two 
volumes,  8vo.  by  his  son,  Sir  Clifton  Wintringham, 
M.D.,  F.R.S.,  in  1752. 

DANIEL  TURNER,  M.D.,  was  bred  a  surgeon,  and 
practised  in  that  capacity  for  several  years  in  London  ; 
but  having  been  disfranchised  from  his  company,  he 
was,  on  the  22nd  December,  1711,  admitted  a  Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  of  Physicians — an  honour  of  which, 
if  we  may  judge  from  the  dedication  of  one  of  his  nu- 
merous works,  he  was  duly  sensible.  Not  long  after  his 
admission  as  a  Licentiate,  he  obtained  the  degree  of 
doctor  of  medicine,  but  from  what  university  I  have 
not  been  able  to  discover.  Dr.  Turner  had  some  cele- 
brity in  his  day;  but  was,  as  Mr.  Wadd,  following 
Grainger,  remarks,  too  fond  of  displaying  his  talents 
upon  paper ;  the  result  being,  that  he  published  many 
volumes  which  are  now  forgotten.  "  His  cases,"  con- 
tinues the  author  of  the  "  Nugae  Chirurgicse,"  "  are  not 

*  Information  from  the  Rev.  C.  Best  Robinson,  of  York,  and 
John  Sykes,  M.D.,  of  Doncaster. 

D    2 


36  BOLL   OF   THE  [1711 

stated  in  the  most  delicate  terms  ;  nor  was  politeness 
amongst  his  excellencies."  He  has  the  credit  of  having 
invented  the  cerate  composed  of  oil,  wax,  and  calamine 
— the  ceratum  calamince  of  the  Pharmacopoeia,  still 
popularly  known  as  Turner's  cerate.  Dr.  Turner  died 
at  his  house  in  Devonshire-square,  Bishopsgate,  on  the 
13th  March  1740-1,  aged  seventy-four,  and  was  buried 
in  the  church  of  Watton-at-Stone,  co.  Herts.  He  de- 
serves to  be  remembered  was  it  only  for  the  noble  senti- 
ment conveyed  in  the  following  sentence  written  when 
he  was  seventy-two  years  of  age  : — "  Be  not  afraid,  nor 
yet  ashamed  of  your  religious  principles,  however  you 
keep  those  of  politics  to  yourself.  It  can  be  no  dis- 
grace for  a  physician,  who  owns  himself  at  all  times  no 
more  than  Nature's  minister,  to  acknowledge  himself 
also  the  servant  of  Nature's  Master."  Dr.  Turner's 
memorial  at  Watton  is  as  follows  : — 

Nigh  unto  this  place  lye  the  bodyly  remains  of 

DANIEL  TURNER,  M.D., 

late  of  the  College  of  Physicians  of  London, 

who  departed  this  life  on  the  13th  day  of  March,  1740, 

and  in  the  74th  year  of  his  age. 

Dr.  Turner's  portrait,  in  1734,  by  J.  Faber,  has  been 
engraved.  He  was  the  author  of — 

A  Vindication  of  the  Noble  Art  of  Chirurgery.  8vo.  Lond.  1695. 

A  Remarkable  Case  in  Surgery,  being  an  account  of  an  uncom- 
mon fracture  and  depression  of  the  Skull  in  a  Child,  accompanied 
with  a  vast  Imposthume  of  the  Brain.  8vo.  Lond.  1709. 

De  Morbis  Cutaneis.  A  treatise  of  diseases  incident  to  the  Skin. 
8vo.  Lond.  1723. 

Syphilis.  A  practical  dissertation  on  the  Venereal  Disease.  8vo. 
Lond.  1724. 

The  Art  of  Surgery.     2  vols.  8vo.  Lond.  1725. 

On  the  Force  of  the  Mother's  Imagination  on  the  Foetus  in 
Utero.  8vo.  Lond.  1726. 

A  discourse  concerning  Gleets.     8vo.  Lond.  1729. 

An  Answer  to  a  Pamphlet  on  the  Power  of  Imagination  in  Preg- 
nant Women.  8vo.  Lond.  1729. 

The  Force  of  the  Mother's  Imagination  upon  the  Foetus  in  Utero 
still  further  considered,  by  way  of  Reply  to  Dr.  Blondell's  book. 
8vo.  Lond.  1730. 


1713]     KOYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.         37 

De  Morbo  Gallico.  A  treatise  published  about  200  years  past. 
Republished  by  D.  T.  8vo.  Lond.  1730. 

A  Discourse  concerning  Fevers.     8vo.  Lond.  1732. 

The  Ancient  Physician's  Legacy  impartially  surveyed.  8vo. 
Lond.  1733. 

The 'Drop  and  Pill  of  Mr.  Ward  considered.     8vo.  Lond.  1735. 

Aphrodisiacus.  A  summary  of  the  ancient  writers  on  the  Vene- 
real Disease.  8vo.  Lond.  1736. 

SIR  JOHN  SHAD  WELL,  M.D.,  was  born  in  London,  in 
1670,  and  was  the  'son  of  Thomas  Shadwell,  poet  lau- 
reate and  historiographer  in  the  time  of  William  III. 
He  was  educated  at  All  Souls'  college,  Oxford,  and  pro- 
ceeded A.  B.  1st  June,  1689;  A.M.  26th  April,  1693; 
M.B.  19th  April,  1697  ;  M.D.  5th  June,  1701.  In  1699 
he  attended  the  earl  of  Manchester  on  his  embassy  ex- 
traordinary to  Louis  XIY,  and  he  continued  with  that 
nobleman  at  Paris  till  1701.  On  the  3rd  December  of 
that  year  he  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society. 
He  was  physician  in  ordinary  to  queen  Anne,  and  as 
such  was  admitted  a  Fellow  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
22nd  December,  1712.  He  held  the  same  appointment 
to  George  I  and  George  II,  the  former  of  whom  con- 
ferred upon  him  the  honour  of  knighthood,  12th  June, 
1715.  He  resided  in  Windmill-street,  and  in  1735 
withdrew  from  practice  and  retired  to  France,  where  he 
remained  for  some  time,  but  returned  to  his  former  re- 
sidence in  1740,  and  died  on  the  4th  January,  1747. 

NATHANIEL  BARTLETT,  of  Wareham,  co.  Dorset,  was 
admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physi- 
cians 9th  June,  1713. 

JOHN  CARTLEDGE,  A.M. — A  master  of  arts  of  Mag- 
dalen hall,  Oxford,  of  2nd  July,  1 700  ;  was  admitted  a 
Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1713. 
He  died  29th  July,  1752,  aged  eighty- one. 

JOHN  GORMAN,  M.D.,  an  Irishman,  and  a  doctor  of 
medicine  of  Rheims  of  16th  March,  1692,  was  admitted 


38  BOLL  OF  THE  [1714 

a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June, 
1713. 

JOSEPH  EATON,  M.D, — A  native  of  Cheshire,  edu- 
cated at  Pembroke  hall,  Cambridge,  but  a  doctor  of 
medicine  of  Leyden,  19th  December,  1686  (D.M.I,  de 
Vertigine,  4to.) ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  25th  June,  1713.  He  was  originally 
a  nonconformist  clergyman.  He  settled  at  Macclesfield 
in  1691,  and  was  successively  at  Nottingham,  Colches- 
ter, and  London.* 

THOMAS  LEWIS  was  born  in  Worcestershire,  and  edu- 
cated at  Magdalen  hall,  Oxford,  but  left  the  university 
without  taking  a  degree.  He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate 
of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1713,  and  died 
at  his  house  in  Hatton-garden  on  the  22nd  October, 
1746. 

EDWARD  COATSWORTH,  M.D. — A  native  of  Durham, 
and  a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Utrecht  of  14th  July,  1703 
(D.M.I.  de  Variolis)  ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1713. 

WILLIAM  BROWNING,  a  native  of  London,  was  ad- 
mitted a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th 
June,  1713. 

JOHN  GEORGE  STEIGHERTAHL,  M.D.,  was  a  native  of 
Hanover,  and  physician  in  ordinary  to  king  George  I. 
whom  he  accompanied  to  this  country  on  his  accession 
to  the  throne  of  England.  He  was  entered  on  the 
physic  line  at  Leyden  12th  May,  1688,  being  then 
twenty-one  years  of  age,  and  he  graduated  doctor  of 
medicine  at  Utrecht,  in  1690  (D.M.I,  de  Medicamento- 
rum  noxis,  4to.).  He  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the 
Royal  Society,  18th  November,  1714,  and  an  Honorary 
Fellow  of  the  College  of  Physicians  22nd  December, 
1714.  Dr.  Steighertahl  was  "king's  professor  in  the 

*  Carpenter's  Presbyterianism  in  Nottingham,  pp.  123,  150. 


1716]  BOYAL  COLLEGE   OF  PHYSICIANS.  39 

university  of  Helmstad."  He  left  England  in  1727, 
probably  on  the  death  of  his  royal  master,  and  his  name 
does  not  appear  in  the  College  lists  after  1739.  He 
was  the  author  of — 

Disputatio  de  Matheseos  et  Historiae  Naturalis  utilitate  in  Medi- 
cina.  4to.  Helmstad.  1702. 

De  Aquarum  Mineralium  prsestantia.    Helmstad.  1703. 

JOHN  BEALE. — A  native  of  Berkshire  ;  was  admitted 
a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  1st  April, 
1715.  One  Dr.  Beale,  a  noted  man  midwife,  died  20th 
June,  1724.* 

JOHN  KYNCH,  of  Wantage,  co.  Berks,  was  admitted 
an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  7th  October,  1715. 

-  CRANMER,  of  Mitcham,  Surrey,  was  admitted 
an  Extra- Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  21st 
January,  1715-6. 

EDWARD  NORRIS,  M.D.,  was  educated  at  Brazenose 
college,  Oxford,  as  a  member  of  which  he  proceeded 
A.B.  26th  October,  1686  ;  A.M.  1st  June,  1689  ;  M.B. 
19th  January,  1691  ;  and  M.D.  12th  March,  1695.  He 
was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
30th  September,  1698,  and  a  Fellow  9th  April,  1716. 
Dr.  Norris  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society 
9th  November,  1698.  He  was  brother  to  Sir  William 
Norris,  whom  he  accompanied  on  his  embassy  to  the 
Great  Mogul.  Dying  in  1726,  our  physician  was  buried 
in  the  chapel  of  Garston,  in  the  parish  of  Chid  wall,  Lan- 
cashire, where  he  is  thus  commemorated:— 

Under  this  tomb  lies  interred 

EDWARD  NORRIS,  M.D.,  of  Speek, 

who  departed  this  life  22  July,  1726, 

in  the         year  of  his  age, 

Also  ANN,  his  wife 
died  ye  3  of  January,  1729,  aged  53. 

*  Historical  Register,  1724. 


40  BOLL   OF  THE  [1716 

HUMPHREY  COLMER,  M.D.,  was  educated  at  Exeter 
college,  Oxford,  and  proceeded  A.B.  12th  November, 
1692  ;  A.M.  25th  June,  1695,  and  M.D.,  accumulating 
his  degrees  in  physic,  5th  July,  1705.  He  was  admitted 
a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  Septem- 
ber, 1706,  and  a  Fellow  9th  April,  1716. 

JOHN  GARDINER,  M.D.,  was  of  University  college, 
Oxford,  and  proceeded  A.B.  25th  June,  1695  ;  A.M. 
25th  June,  1698  ;  M.B.  6th  May,  1701  ;  and  M.D.  28th 
June,  1706.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  25th  June,  1708  ;  and  a  Fellow  9th 
April,  1716;  was  Censor  in  1727,  1733,  1738,  1742; 
and  was  named  an  Elect  12th  August,  1746.  Dr.  Gar- 
diner resigned  his  office  of  Elect,  on  account  of  ill-health, 
22nd  August,  1748,  and  died  very  suddenly  on  the 
18th  March,  1749,  as  he  was  returning  in  his  chair 
from  visiting  a  patient.  He  was  buried  at  St.  Andrew's, 
Holborn. 

RICHARD  MEAD,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  the  Rev.  Mat- 
thew Mead,  a  celebrated  nonconformist  divine,  and  was 
born  at  Stepney  llth  August,  1673.  He  received  his 
early  education  at  home,  under  his  father  and  a  private 
tutor,  Mr.  John  Nesbitt,  who  resided  in  the  house.  In 
1688  he  was  placed  under  the  care  of  Mr.  Thomas 
Singleton,  and  in  the  following  year  under  the  celebrated 
Grsevius,  at  Utrecht.  He  applied  himself  to  the  study 
of  the  classics  and  philosophy,  and  in  1692  removed  to 
Leyden,  where  he  remained  three  years,  devoting  him- 
self with  great  assiduity  to  the  study  of  physic.  There 
he  "was  contemporary  with  Boerhaave,  then  a  student 
like  himself,  and  with  that  great  and  good  man  Dr. 
Mead  ever  afterwards  maintained  a  frequent  and  friendly 
intercourse.  In  the  early  part  of  1695,  having  com- 
pleted the  usual  course  of  study  at  Leyden,  he,  in  com- 
pany with  his  brother  Samuel,  Mr.  David  Polhill,  and 
Dr.  Pellett,  travelled  into  Italy,  and,  whilst  at  Florence, 
he  had  the  good  fortune  to  discover  the  Mensa  Isaica, 


1716]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  41 

which  for  many  years  had  been  given  over  as  lost.  He 
took  the  degree  of  doctor  of  philosophy  and  physic  at 
Padua,  16th  August,  1695,  and  then  visited  f  Naples 
and  Borne.  On  his  return  to  England,  about  Mid- 
summer, 1696,  he  settled  at  Stepney,  in  the  house 
where  he  was  born,  and  for  the  few  years  that  he  con- 
tinued there  did  a  considerable  amount  of  business  in 
that  neighbourhood.  His  father  was  a  man  greatly  re- 
spected, and  possessed  much  local  influence,  especiaUy 
among  the  nonconformists,  a  numerous  and  respectable 
body  in  Stepney.  He  availed  himself  of  every  possible 
opportunity  to  advance  his  son,  and  some  curious  anec- 
dotes are  recorded  of  his  efforts  in  this  direction,  even 
from  the  pulpit.  In  1702  Dr.  Mead  came  before  the 
public  as  an  author,  by  the  publication  of  his  "Mechani- 
cal Account  of  Poisons."  This  work  was  received  with 
great  applause,  and  at  once  established  his  reputation. 
He  was  elected  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  in  1703, 
one  of  the  council  in  1706,  and  vice-president  in  1707. 
On  the  5th  May,  1703,  he  was  elected  physician  to  St. 
Thomas's  hospital,  when  he  removed  from  Stepney  to 
Crutched  Friars  ;  at  a  subsequent  period  he  removed  to 
Austin  Friars,  and  about  that  time  was  appointed 
reader  of  anatomy  to  the  company  of  barber  surgeons. 
On  the  4th  December,  1707,  the  university  of  Oxford  I 
conferred  upon  him  the  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine. 
Hitherto,  for  reasons  which  have  never  been  explained, 
he  had  not  presented  himself  for  examination  before 
the  College  of  Physicians :  now,  however,  being  pos- 
sessed of  an  English  university  degree,  he  appeared 
before  the  Censor's  board,  underwent  the  usual  exami- 
nations, and  was  admitted  a  Candidate  25th  June, 
1708.  He  was  admitted  a  Fellow  9th  April,  1716; 
was  Censor  in  1716,  1719,  1724;  Harveian  Orator  in 
1723;  Elect  5th  November,  1735;  and  in  1744  was 
chosen  President  by  the  Elects,  but  he  desired  to  be 
excused,  and  was  so.  He  was  Consiliarius  in  1745, 
1747,  1748.  On  the  9th  April,  1750,  he  resigned  his 
office  of  Elect.  On  the  7th  May,  1745,  he  was  elected 


42  ROLL  OF   THE  [1716 

an  Honorary  Fellow  of  the  College  of  Physicians  of 
Edinburgh. 

On  the  death  of  Dr.  Radcliffe,  in  1714,  Mead  removed 
from  Austin  Friars  to  his  house  in  Bloomsbury-square, 
and,  succeeding  to  much  of  that  physician's  practice, 
resigned  his  office  at  St.  Thomas's  hospital.  At  a  sub- 
sequent period  (1722),  when  at  the  zenith  of  his  repu- 
tation, he  removed  thence  to  Great  Ormond-street. 
On  the  accession  of  George  II,  Dr.  Mead  was  appointed 
physician  in  ordinary  to  the  King,  an  office  he  continued 
to  hold  to  his  death, 

"  After  the  most  brilliant  career  of  professional  and 
literary  reputation,  of  personal  honour,  of  wealth,  and 
of  notoriety,  which  ever  fell  in  combination  to  the  lot 
of  any  medical  man,  in  any  age  or  country,  Mead  took 
to  the  bed,  from  which  he  was  to  rise  no  more,  on  the 
llth  of  February,  and  expired  on  the  16th  of  the  same 
month,  1754.  His  death  was  unaccompanied  by  any 
visible  signs  of  pain.  In  practice  he  had  been  abso- 
lutely without  a  rival ;  his  average  receipts  had  during 
several  years  amounted  to  between  six  and  seven  thou- 
sand pounds,  an  enormous  sum  in  relation  to  the  value 
of  money  at  that  period.  So  great  was  the  anxiety  to 
obtain  his  opinion,  that  he  daily  repaired  to  a  coffee- 
house in  the  City,  and  to  another  at  the  West  End  of 
the  metropolis,  to  inspect  written  or  to  receive  oral 
statements  from  the  apothecaries,  and  to  deliver  his  de- 
cision. His  charity  and  his  hospitality  were  un- 
bounded ;  the  epithet  "  princely"  has  often  been  ap- 
plied to  him  on  this  head ;  but  he  has  truly  left  an  ex- 
ample which  men  of  all  ranks  may  be  proud  to  imitate 
according  to  their  means.  These  qualities  in  Mead 
were  not  the  result  of  the  accident  which  exalts  or 
limits  our  means,  but  were  the  spontaneous  expression 
of  his  heart.  His  gratuitous  advice  was  ever  open,  not 
merely  to  the  indigent,  but  also  to  the  clergy,  and  to 
all  men  of  learning  ;  and  he  devoted  his  emoluments  to 
the  patronage  of  literature  and  of  the  fine  arts  in  a 
manner  that  requires  a  more  distinct  mention. 


1716]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OP   PHYSICIANS.  43 

cliffe  was  a  worthy  predecessor  of  Mead  in  the  mag- 
nificent use  which  he  made  of  his  fortune.  We  may 
safely  challenge  any  country  to  produce  two  individuals 
of  the  same  profession,  and  flourishing  at  the  same 
period,  who  have  with  equal  generosity  applied  their 
revenue  to  the  promotion  of  science  and  of  erudition, 
and  to  the  relief  of  misery.  But  Mead  excelled,  all  the 
nobility  of  his  age  and  country  in  the  encouragement 
which  he  afforded  to  the  fine  arts,  and  to  the  study  of 
antiquities.  Considered  merely  in  the  light  of  a  patron, 
he  would  remain,  perhaps,  the  most  conspicuous  ex- 
ample of  that  character  which  biography  has  celebrated ; 
but  when  to  his  exertions  in  that  difficult  and  often 
thankless  career,  are  added  the  most  eminent  medical 
practice  of  his  time,  consummate  acquirements  and  lite- 
rary labours  important  to  the  healing  art,  we  shall  find 
it  difficult  to  select  his  equal  among  the  annals  of  any 
period.  Those  excellent  traits  do  not,  however,  com- 
plete his  portrait ;  a  noble  frankness,  suavity  of  manners, 
moderation  in  the  estimate  of  his  own  merit,  and  a 
cordial  acknowledgment  of  the  deserts  of  his  cotem- 
poraries ;  liberality,  not  merely  of  purse,  but  also  of 
sentiment,  must  be  drawn  in  order  to  finish  the  like- 
ness. 

"  Mead  possessed  in  an  extreme  degree  the  taste  for 
collecting  ;  but  his  books,  his  statues,  his  medals,  were 
not  at  all  confined  to  ornament  a  secluded  apartment, 
or  to  amuse  only  his  own  leisure — the  humble  student, 
the  unrecommended  foreigner,  the  poor  inquirer  derived 
almost  as  much  enjoyment  from  these  unburied  trea- 
sures as  their  ingenious  owner.  In  his  spacious  mansion  r 
in  Great  Ormond -street  he  had  built  a  gallery,  which 
only  his  opulence  and  taste  could  have  filled.  The 
printed  catalogue  of  his  library  contains  6,592  separate 
numbers  ;  the  most  rare  and  ancient  works  were  to  be 
found  there ;  Oriental,  Greek,  and  Latin  MSS.  formed 
no  inconsiderable  part.  His  collection  of  statues,  coins, 
gems,  prints,  and  drawings  will  probably  remain  for 
ever  unrivalled  amongst  private  amateurs.  His  pic- 


44  BOLL   OF   THE  [1716 

tures  alone  were  sold  at  Ids  death  for  3,400?.  Ingenious 
men  sought  in  his  house  the  best  aid  for  their  under- 
takings, and  in  the  owner  their  most  enlightened  as 
well  as  most  liberal  patron.  He  constantly  kept  in  his 
pay  several  scholars  and  artists,  who  laboured  at  his 
expense  for  the  benefit  of  the  public.  His  correspond- 
ence extended  to  all  the  principal  literati  of  Europe. 
They  consulted  him  and  sent  him  curious  presents,  but 
in  such  acts  he  was  more  frequently  the  creditor  than 
the  debtor.  The  king  of  Naples  sent  to  request  of  him 
a  complete  collection  of  his  treatises,  and  in  return 
gave  him  the  great  work,  which  he  was  then  encourag- 
ing, on  the  antiquities  of  Herculaneum  ;  a  compliment 
not  the  less  flattering  from  an  accompanying  invitation, 
to  Mead  to  visit  him  at  his  palace.  Afc  his  table  might 
be  seen  the  most  eminent  men  of  the  age,  both  natives 
and  foreigners,  and  he  was  often  the  only  individual 
present  who  was  acquainted  with  all  their  different 
languages.  The  good  of  mankind,  and  the  honour  of 
his  country,  were  two  of  his  ruling  principles.  He 
persuaded  the  wealthy  citizen  Guy  to  bequeath  his 
fortune  towards  the  foundation  of  the  noble  hospital 
which  has  honourably  consecrated  his  name. 

"  Mead  was  twice  married.  By  his  first  wife,  Ruth 
Marsh,  he  had  eight  children.  One  of  his  daughters 
was  married  to  Sir  Edward  Wilmot,  bart.,  an  eminent 
physician,  who  enjoyed  the  particular  favour  of  George 
the  second  and  third ;  another  became  the  wife  of 
Dr.  Frank  Nicholls,  who  was  the  most  distinguished 
anatomical  teacher  of  his  time,  and  was  the  inventor  of 
corroded  anatomical  preparations.  Mead's  second  wife 
was  Anne,  the  daughter  of  Sir  Rowland  Alston,  bart. 

"  Although  his  receipts  were  so  considerable,  and 
although  two  large  fortunes  were  bequeathed  to  him, 
his  benevolence,  public  spirit,  and  splendid  mode  of 
living  prevented  him  from  leaving  great  wealth  to  his 
family.  The  physician  who  was  the  Mecsenas  of  his 
day,  whose  mansion  was  a  grand  museum,  who  kept  a 
second  table  for  his  humbler  dependents,  and  who  was 


1716]     ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.         45 

driven  to  his  country  house  near  Windsor  by  six  horses, 
was  not  likely  to  amass  wealth  ;  but  he  did  better — he 
acted  according  to  his  conviction,  that  what  he  had 
gained  from  the  public  could  not  be  more  worthily 
bestowed  than  in  the  advancement  of  the  public  mind, 
and  he  truly  fulfilled  the  inscription  which  he  had 
chosen  for  his  motto,  Non  sibi,  sed  toti."* 

Dr.  Mead  was  buried  in  the  Temple  church  ;t  but 
the  monument  to  his  memory,  with  the  following  in- 
scription from  the  pen  of  Dr.  Ward,  was  placed  by  his 
son  in  the  north  aisle  of  Westminster  abbey : — 

M.  S. 

V.  A.  RICHARDI  MEAD,  Archiatri, 
antiqua  apud  Buckingenses  familia  nati, 

*  Life  by  Dr.  Bisset  Hawkins  in  the  Lives  of  British  Physicians, 
p.  155  et  -seq. 

f  Defuncto  jam  laboribus  Radclivio  successit  sodalium  ipsius 
primus  dilectissimus  Meadus :  Quanta  scientia  vir !  quanta  gravi- 
tate !  quanta  dignitate  !  Qui  tantum  Radclivium  doctrina,  quantum 
Radclivius  alios  sagacitate  superavit.  Hie,  tarn  ingenio  quam 
literis  instructus,  morbos  plerosque  facile  fugavit;  de  uno  autem 
reportavit  victoriam.  Ipse  primus;  de  uno,  qui,  etsi  propter  in- 
genium  suum,  plerumque  mitissimum  diminutivo  quodam  nomine 
appellari  solet,  (sc:  morbilli),  tamen  aliquando,  stragem  meditatur 
horribilem.  Hunc  peripneumonico  esse  genere  primus  intellexit 
Meadus:  atque,  viribus  ejus  penitus  perspectis,  de  eo  adeo  ample 
triumphavit,  ut  nemo  medicorum  sub  vexillo  ejus  militans  huic 
morbo,  unquam  cesserit.  Neque  minus  in  hoc  prorsus  divincendo, 
quam  in  altero  atrocissimo  sublevando,  valuit  Meadus.  Modum 
enim  chirurgicum,  quo  aqua  ex  hydropicorum  abdominibus  tota 
una  vice  tuto  exhauriri  posset  primus  docuit  Meadus,  maxitno  sane 
hydropicornm  emolumento ;  qui  ante  hunc  modum  inventum 
plus  taedii  aut  plus  periculi  in  aqua  patiebantur  exhaurienda  quam 
doloris  in  retinenda.  Propter  haac  illius  prasclara  facinora,  quantas 
ei  nos  medici  debernus  gratias  ?  quanto  majores  ei  gens  humana, 
quorum  illius,  studio  atque  opera  tot  ab  orci  faucibus  eripiuntur  ? 
Qui  vero  in  arte  sna  eminuit  primus  in  nulla  alia  postremus  esse 
voluit.  Artes  itaque  liberates,  quam  turn  plerique  singulas,  tan- 
tum Meadus  coluit  omnes ;  quarum  amore  incensus  pretiosissimam 
Nummorum  antiquorum,  Picturarum  Sculpturarum  et  Librorum 
supellectilem  undique  conquisivit ;  quorum  nonnullos  aliquando 
elegantiores,  quos  animo  Ipse  Regio  dare  solebat,  ab  eo  Reges  ipsi 
accipere  non  dedignati  sunt.  Quis  igitur  mirari  debet  si  Meadi  doc- 
trina et  munificentia  ita  in  regionibus  exteris  refulserint,  ut  earum 


46  ROLL   OF  THE  [1716 

qui  famam  baud  vulgarem  medicinam  faciendo 

in  prima  juventute  adeptus, 

tanta  nominis  celebritate  postea  inclaruit, 

ut  Medicorum  hujus  saeculi  princeps  haberetur. 

In  aagris  curandis  lenis  erat  et  misericors, 

et  ad  pauperes  gratuito  juvandos  semper  paratus : 

inter  assiduas  autem  artis  salutaris  occupationes, 

operibus  non  paucis  docte  et  eleganter  conscriptis, 

quae  ingenio  perspicaci  et  usu  diuturno  notaverat, 

in  generis  humani  commodum  vulgavit, 

literarum  quoque  et  literatomm 

patronus  singularis. 

Bibliothecam  lectissimam  optimis  et  rarissimis  libris 
veterumque  artiam  monumentis  refertam 

comparavit, 

ubi  eruditorum  colloquiis  labores  levabat  diurnos. 

Animo  itaque  excelso  prseditus,  et  moribus  humanis, 

orbisque  literati  laudibus  undique  cumulatus, 

magno  splendore  et  dignitate  vita  peracta, 

annorum  tandem  ac  famae  satur  placide  obiit 

xiv  kalendas  Martias  A.D.  MDCCLIV.  aetatis  suaa  Ixxxj. 

artium  humaniorum  damno  baud  facile  reparabili, 

quibus  ipse  tantum  fuerat  decus  et  praesidium. 

Bis  matrimonio  junctus, 

ex  priori  decem  suscepit  liberos, 

quorum  tres  tantum  superstites  sibi  reliquit, 

duas  filias  viris  Archiatorum  honore  ornatis  nuptas, 

et  unnm  sui  ipsius  nominis  filium, 

qui  pietatis  causa  patri  optime  de  se  merito 

Monumentum  hoc  poni  curavit. 

The  College  of  Physicians  are  indebted  to  Dr.   Mead 

splendor  in  patriam  ejus  repercussus  fuerit.  Sed  doctum  esse  pro 
nihilo  duxit  vir  beneficentissimus  nisi  Doctorum  etiam  susciperet 
Patrocinium  ;  quod  sane  officium  adeo  egregie  praestitit,  ut  literarum 
Fautor  tam  assiduus,  tarn  urbanus,  tarn  munificus  nemo  privatus 
certe  antea  extiterit.  Neque  profecto  fieri  potuit,  ut  qui  omnes 
alias  foverat  artes,  is  patrocinari  noluerit  suaa.  Quanto  igitur  can- 
dore  ?  quanta  benevolentia  erga  ejusdem  artis  professores  se  ges- 
serit  ?  quanta  comitate  Tyrones  semper  exceperit  ?  quanta  studio 
rem  eorum  auxerit  ?  quanta  auctoritate  nomen  eorum  protexerit  ? 
Omnes  equidem  sui  temporis  Medicos  animo  vere  fraterno  amplexas 
est  Meadus.  Juniores  autem  tot  et  tantis  perinde  beneficiis  quo- 
tidie  divinxit,  ac  si  ad  idem  Famae  fastigium,  quod  attigerat  Ipse, 
illos  evehere  totis  viribus  contenderet.  Testemur  haac,  quotquot 
hie  adsimus,  qui  viri  dignissimi  benevolentiam  toties  experti  sumus  : 
credant  ilia  Posteri,  qui  tot  eruditorum  opera  viro  private  inscripta 
invenient."  Oratio  ex  Harveii  institute  Anno  MDCCLV  auctore 
Rob:  Taylor,  p.  27  et  seq. 


1716]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  47 

for  the  fine  bust  of  Harvey  in  the  library.  It  was  done 
from  an  original  picture  in  the  doctor's  collection,  and 
in  the  old  College  in  Warwick-lane  had  under  it  the 
following  inscription  by  Dr.  Ward  :• — • 

Hanc  Magni  illius  GULIELMI  HARVBII 

senis  octogenarii  imaginem, 
qui  saiiguinis  circuitum  primus  monstravit, 

medicinamque  rationalem  instituit, 
ad  picturam  archetypam,  quam  in  sno  servat  Museo, 

effictam, 

honoris   causa   hie  ponendum   curavit 
Richardus  Mead  Medicus  Regius. 

The  College  possess  a  splendid  bust  and  three  por- 
traits of  Mead.  The  former,  executed  by  Roubiliac  at 
the  expense  of  Dr.  Askew,  and  presented  by  him  to 
the  College  in  1756,  was  in  Warwick-lane  supported 
on  a  bracket,  which  bore  the  following  inscription  : — 

HANG  RICHARDI  MEADII  effigiem,  literarum  atque  artis  medicce 
statoris  et  vindicii  perpetui,  amicitiae  causa  ponendam  curavit  Anto- 
nius  Askew,  M.D.  1756. 

The  larger  and  finer  portrait  was  presented  by  Dr. 
Charles  Chauncey  in  1759  ;  the  portrait  in  profile  by 
Mrs.  Pelham  Warren  in  April,  1836,  and  the  remain- 
ing portrait  by  Mr.  Bayford  on  the  20th  March,  1837. 
There  is  also  in  the  Censor's  room  a  miniature  portrait 
of  Dr.  Mead  on  ivory,  which  was  presented  to  the  Col- 
lege by  the  late  distinguished  surgeon,  Sir  William 
Fergusson,  bart. 

Dr.  Mead's  published  works  were — 

A  Mechanical  Account  of  Poisons.    8vo.  Lond.  1702. 

De  Imperio  Solis  ac  Lunaa  in  Corpore  Humano,  et  Morbis  inde 
oriundis.  8vo.  Lond.  1704. 

A  Short  Discourse  concerning  Pestilential  Contagion,  and  the 
Methods  to  prevent  it.  8vo.  Lond.  1720. 

Oratio  Anniversaria  Harveeiana ;  accessit  Dissertatio  de  Num- 
mis  quibusdam  a  Smyrnaais  in  Medicorum  honorem  percussis.  4to. 
Lond.  1724. 

A  Discourse  on  the  Plague.     8vo.  Lond.  1744. 

De  Variolis  et  Morbillis.  Accessit  Rhazis  de  iisdern  Morbis  Trac- 
tatus.  8vo.  Lond.  1747. 


48       .  ROLL  OF   THE  [1716 

Medica  Sacra :  sive  de  Morbis  insignioribus  qui  in  Bibliis  memo- 
ran  tur  Commentarius.  8vo.  Lond.  1749. 

Monita  et  Prascepta  Medica.     8vo.  Lond.  1751. 

RICHARD  HALE,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  Richard  Hale, 
by  his  wife  Elizabeth  Church,  and  was  educated  at 
Trinity  college,  Oxford,  as  a  member  of  which  he  pro- 
ceeded A.B.  19th  May,  1693 ;  A.M.  4th  February,  1695  ; 
M.B.  llth  February,  1697  ;  and  M.D.  23rd  June,  1701. 
He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Phy- 
sicians 23rd  December,  1708  ;  a  Fellow  9th  April, 
1716  ;  was  Censor  in  1718,  1719,  1724  ;  and  Harveian 
Orator  in  1724.  Dr.  Hale  died  26th  September,  1728, 
aged  fifty-eight.  *  He  was  a  liberal  benefactor  to  the 
College.  In  the  Annals  we  read  :  "August  11,  1729. 
The  College  seal  was  affixed  to  a  discharge  of  450^. 
being  a  legacy  of  Dr.  Hale  to  the  College,  for  buying  of 
books,  &c.,  which,  with  501.  he  had  given  in  his  lifetime, 
made  up  the  sum  of  500/." 

At  the  next  quarterly  Comitia,  held  30th  September, 
1729,  "  It  was  desired  by  the  College  that  a  copy  of 
Dr.  Hales's  picture  might  be  drawn  for  the  College  li- 
brary.'^ 

JOHN  FREIND,  M.D.,  was  the  third  son  of  the  Rev. 

*  "Neque  hie  prsetermittendus  est  Richardus  Hale,  qui  quan- 
quam  primo  intuitu,  Tit  ii  plerumque  qui  maniacorum  curam  ali- 
qnamdiu  habent,  quadanteniis  asper,  non  illo  tamen  quisquam 
benignior,  amicior,  doctior,  aut  melior :  Ea  quippe  comitate  et 
integritate  ut  religio  sibi  fuerit  alios  in  errorem  ducere,  ea  etiam 
sapientia  atque  eruditione  quae  sibi  ab  aliquo  imponi  nullatenus 
paterentur  ;  singulari  amore  in  viros  suae  Professionis ;  multi  in  ilia 
no-minis,  eamque  adaugere  et  exornare  omni  ratione  contendens ; 
Academicorum  honorem  atque  commodum  praecipue  promovens ; 
dignitati  et  utilitati  hujus  Collegii  animitus  prospiciens,  et  legatis 
quingentis  libris  pro  coemenda  supellectile  literaria,  illud  munifice 
ditans ;  tarn  probus  denique  tantusque,  tarn  in  arte  sua,  quam  caeteris 
vitse  muniis,  ut  illius  lethum  fnerit,  juxta  ac  illud  L.  Crassi  apud 
Ciceronem,  Acerbum  suis,  luctuosum  patriae,  grave  bonis  omni- 
bus." Oratio  Harveiana,  anno  MDCCXXIX,  auct.  Piercio  Dod. 

f  In  the  Treasurer's  book  I  read:  1733.  October  llth.  Paid 
Mr.  Richardson,  the  lymner,  for  painting  Dr.  Hales'  picture  by  Dr. 
Tyson's  order,  twenty  guineas. 


1716]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  49 

William  Freind,  A.M.,  rector  of  Croughton,  North- 
amptonshire, and  was  born  there  in  1675.  He  was 
educated  at  Westminster,  under  Dr.  Busby  ;  and  in 
1694  was  elected  thence  to  Christ  Church,  Oxford,  of 
which  Dr.  Aldrich  was  then  the  dean.  Freind's  attain- 
ments as  a  classical  scholar  were  already  so  distin- 
guished that,  in  conjunction  with  Mr.  Foulkes,  he  un- 
dertook, under  the  auspices  of  Dr.  Aldrich,  to  give  a 
new  edition,  with  Latin  notes  and  translation,  of  two 
Greek  orations,  the  one  of  ^Eschines,  the  other  of 
Demosthenes.  They  appeared  in  1696,  under  the  title 
of  "  jEschinis  contra  Ctesiphontem  et  Demosthenis  de 
Corona  Orationes.  Interpretationem  Latinam  et  vocum 
difficiliorum  explicationem  adjecerunt  P.  Foulkes  et  lo. 
Freind,  ^Edis  Christi  alumni."  About  the  same  time, 
Freind  undertook  the  revision  of  the  edition  of  Ovid's 
"  Metamorphoses,"  which  had  been  prepared  for  the 
use  of  the  Dauphin.  He  took  the  degree  of  A.B.  4th 
June,  1698  ;  of  A.M.  12th  April,  1701.  From  the  date 
of  his  first  degree  in  arts,  he  applied  sedulously  to  the 
study  of  physic;  and  in  1699  addressed  to  Sir  (then 
Dr.)  Hans  Sloane  a  letter  on  hydrocephalus,  which  was 
published  in  the  twenty-first  volume  of  the  "  Philo- 
sophical Transactions."  In  1701  he  wrote  another 
letter,  in  Latin,  to  the  same  distinguished  physician, 
"de  Spasmi  Rarioris  Historia,"  giving  an  account  of 
some  extraordinary  cases  of  convulsion  occurring  in 
Oxfordshire,  which  made  at  that  time  a  very  great 
noise,  and  would  probably  have  been  magnified  into 
something  supernatural  had  not  the  writer  taken  the 
pains  to  set  them  in  their  true  light.  Freind  proceeded 
bachelor  of  medicine  1st  June,  1703  ;  and  the  same  year 
gave  a  solid  proof  of  his  professional  and  classical  attain- 
ments, by  the  publication  of  his  "  Emmenologia,  in 
qua  Fluxus  Muliebris  menstrui  Phenomena,  Periodi, 
Vitia,  cum  medendi  Methodo,  ad  Rationes  mechanicas 
exiguntur."  8vo.  This  work,  as  its  title  implies,  is 
based  on  the  mechanical  doctrines  then  so  much  in 
vogue ;  and  though  at  first  it  met  with  some  opposition, 
VOL.  IT.  E 


50  ROLL   OF   THE  [1716 

and  was  then  and  afterwards  animadverted  upon  by 
various  writers,  has  always  been  regarded  as  a  masterly 
essay.  "  It  is,"  says  one  authority,  "  admirable  for  the 
beauty  of  its  style,  the  elegant  disposition  of  its  parts, 
its  wonderful  succinctness  and  perspicuity,  and  for  the 
happy  concurrence  of  learning  and  penetration  visible 
through  the  whole."  In  the  following  year  (1704) 
Freind  was  appointed  reader  on  chemistry  at  Oxford, 
and  in  the  performance  of  the  duties  of  that  office  he 
delivered  the  course  of  lectures  which  were  published 
in  1709,  under  the  title  of  "  Prselectiones  Chymicae : 
in  quibus  omnes  fere  Operationes  Chemicse  ad  Vera 
Principia  et  ipsius  Naturae  Leges  rediguntur.  Anno 
1704,  Oxonii  in  Museo  Ashmoleano  habitse."  In  these 
lectures  Freind  applied  with  great  judgment  Newton's 
then  recently  established  laws  of  nature  to  the  expla- 
nation and  elucidation  of  chemistry.  By  the  size, 
shape,  surface,  specific  gravity,  and  attraction  of  the 
component  atoms  of  bodies,  and  the  influence  of  the 
magnetic  and  electric  forces  upon  them,  he  explained 
all  chemical  processes  and  operations,  and  by  so  doing 
simplified  to  its  fullest  extent  what  had  hitherto  been 
in  the  highest  degree  obscure  and  perplexed.  In  the- 
words  of  Sir  Henry  Halford,*  "huic  viro  laudi  fuit, 
illam  attractionis  vim  quam  in  grandiore  corporum 
ccelestium  mole  perspexerat  Newt  onus,  summo  cum 
judicio  rebus  Chemicis  accommodasse  et  quicquid  in 
theoria  perplexum  olim  erat  et  obscurum  legibus  New- 
tonianis  simplicissime  expediisse."  In  1705  Freind  ac- 
companied lord  Peterborough  on  his  Spanish  expedition, 
in  the  capacity  of  physician  to  the  army,  in  which  post 
he  continued  for  about  two  years.  He  then  made  a  tour 
of  Italy,  and  spent  some  time  at  Rome.  On  his  return 
to  England,  in  1707,  finding  the  character  of  lord  Peter- 
borough assailed,  he  published  a  defence  of  him,  en- 
titled "An  Account  of  the  Earl  of  Peterborough's  Con- 
duct in  Spain,  chiefly  since  the  raising  the  Siege  of  Barce- 
lona," 1706 ;  to  which  is  added,  "The  Campaign  of  Valen- 
*  Oratio  ex  Harveii  institute  habita  die  Octob.  18,  1800. 


1716]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  51 

cia,  with  original  papers."  8 vo.  1 707.  On  the  1 2th  June, 
1707,  Freind  was  created  doctor  of  medicine  at  Oxford, 
by  diploma;  in  1712  he  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the 
Royal  Society,  and  the  same  year  attended  the  duke  of 
Ormond  into  Flanders,  as  his  physician. 

Settling  in  London  on  his  return,  he  was  admitted  a 
Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  September, 
1713,  and  a  Fellow  9th  April,  1716.  He  delivered  the 
Gulstonian  Lectures  in  1718,  the  Harveian  Oration  in 
1720,  and  was  Censor  in  1718,  1719.  In  1717  Dr. 
Freind  published  the  First  and  Third  Books  of  Hippo- 
crates, De  Morbis  Popularibus,  with  nine  Commentaries 
on  Fever.  This  work  was  attacked  by  Dr.  Woodward, 
the  Gresham  professor  of  physic,  in  his  "  State  of  Physic 
and  of  Diseases,"  8vo.  Lond.  1718  ;  and  here  was  laid 
the  foundation  of  a  dispute  which  was  carried  on  with 
great  acrimony  and  violence  on  both  sides.  Parties 
were  formed  under  these  leaders,  and  several  pamphlets 
were  written.  Freind  supported  his  opinion  "  concern- 
ing the  advantage  of  purging  in  the  second  fever  of  the 
confluent  small-pox" — for  it  was  on  this  single  point 
that  the  dispute  chiefly  turned — in  a  Latin  letter  ad- 
dressed to  Dr.  Mead  in  1719,  and  since  printed  among 
his  works.  He  was  likewise  supposed  to  be  the  author 
of  a  pamphlet  entitled  "A  Letter  to  the  learned  Dr. 
Woodward,  by  Dr.  Byfield,"  wherein  Woodward  is  rallied 
with  great  spirit  and  address — for  Freind  made  no 
serious  answer  to  Woodward's  book,  but  contented 
himself  with  ridiculing  his  antagonist  under  the  name 
of  a  celebrated  empiric. 

In  1722  Dr.  Freind  was  elected  a  member  of  parlia- 
ment for  Launceston,  and  in  that  capacity  distinguished 
himself  by  some  able  speeches  in  the  House  of  Com- 
mons, against  measures  of  which  he  disapproved.  He 
was  a  staunch  Tory,  and  the  intimate  friend  of  bishop 
Atterbury.  He  attended  that  prelate  in  the  Tower  as 
his  physician,  and  was  suspected  of  participation  in  the 
so-called  "  bishops'  plot."  These  various  circumstances 
drew  upon  him  so  much  resentment  that,  the  Habeas 

E  2 


52  ROLL   OF   THE  [1716 

r  Corpus  Act  being  at  that  time  suspended,  he  was,  in 
March,  1722-3,  after  an  examination  before  a  committee 

I  of  the  Privy  Council,  committed  a  close  prisoner  to  the 
Tower.  He  continued  a  prisoner  until  21st  June,  when, 
owing  to  the  firmness  and  determination  of  Dr.  Mead, 
who  refused  to  prescribe  for  Sir  Robert  Walpole,  the 
minister  of  the  day,  until  he  was  liberated,  Freind  was 
admitted  to  bail.  His  sureties  were  Dr.  Mead,  Dr. 
Hulse,  Dr.  Levett,  and  Dr.  Hale.  In  November  he  was 
discharged  from  his  recognizance.* 

The  leisure  afforded  him  by  his  confinement  in  the 
Tower,  he  employed  in  a  manner  suitable  to  his  abili- 
ties and  profession.  It  was  during  this  period  that  he 
wrote  the  celebrated  and  elegant  letter  to  Dr.  Mead, 
"  De  quibusdam  Variolarum  Generibus  Epistola,"  pub- 
lished in  4to.  in  1723.  There  also  he  laid  the  plan  of 
his  last,  elaborate,  and  most  learned  work,  "  The  His- 
tory of  Physick  from  the  time  of  Galen  to  the  begin- 
ning of  the  xvjth  century,  chiefly  with  regard  to  prac- 
tice, in  a  Discourse  written  to  Dr.  Mead."  The  first 
part  appeared  in  1725  ;  the  second  in  1726.  Soon  after 
Freind  obtained  his  liberty,  he  was  appointed  physician 
to  the  prince  of  Wales ;  and  on  that  prince's  accession 
to  the  throne  he  became  physician  to  queen  Caroline. 
Early  in  the  year  1727-8,  Atterbury  addressed  to  Dr. 

*  "  When  Sir  Robert  Walpole,  the  minister  of  the  day,  sent  to 
consult  Mead  on  account  of  an  indisposition,  he  availed  himself  of 
the  occasion  to  plead  the  cause  of  the  captive.  He  urged  that 
though  the  warmth  and  freedom  of  .Freind  might  have  betrayed 
him  into  some  intemperate  observations,  yet  no  one  could  doubt  his 
patriotic  feelings  and  loyalty,  that  his  public  services  had  been 
great,  for  he  had  attended  the  earl  of  Peterborough  in  his  Spanish 
expedition  as  an  army  physician,  and  had  also  accompanied  in  the 
same  capacity  the  duke  of  Ormond  into  Flanders  ;  that  he  deserved 
well  of  science,  for  he  had  done  much  to  call  the  attention  of  the 
world  to  the  new  and  sound  principles  of  the  Newtonian  philosophy : 
and  was  besides  a  man  of  excellent  parts,  a  thorough  scholar,  and 
one  whom  all  acknowledged  to  be  very  able  in  his  profession — and 
finally,  the  doctor  refused  to  prescribe  for  the  minister  unless  the 
prisoner  was  set  at  liberty.  He  was  almost  immediately  relieved 
from  prison  and  admitted  to  bail."  The  Gold  Headed  Cane,  2nd 
edition.  8vo.  Lond.  1828,  p.  79. 


1716]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OP  PHYSICIANS.  53 

Freind  his  celebrated  "  Letter  on  the  character  of 
lapis/'  of  whom  the  bishop  considered  this  learned 
physician  to  be  the  modern  prototype.  In  1725  the 
College  of  Physicians  petitioned  the  House  of  Com- 
mons against  the  pernicious  and  growing  use  of  spirit- 
uous liquors  among  persons  of  all  ranks  and  of  both 
sexes,  and  they  confided  the  presentation  of  the  peti- 
tion to  Dr.  Freind,  one  of  their  own  fellows,  and  then  a 
member  of  the  House.  *  Dr.  Freind  died  26th  July, 
1728,  in  the  fifty-second  year  of  his  age,t  and  was 

*  1725.  Dec.  22.  Order'd  that  a  Committee  of  College  Officers 
be  appointed  to  review  a  Representation  to  be  offered  to  the  House 
of  Commons  against  the  pernicious  use  of  strong  spirituous 
liquors. 

The  Petition  was  as  follows : — 

To  the  Honourable  the  House  of  Commons. 

The   humble    Representation    of   the    College    of    Physicians    in 

London. 

We,  the  President  and  College  or  Commonality  of  the  Faculty  of 
Physick  in  London  who  are  appointed  by  the  laws  of  the  kingdom 
to  take  care  of  the  health  of  his  Majestie's  subjects  in  London  and 
within  seven  miles  circuit  of  the  same,  do  think  it  our  duty  most 
humbly  to  represent  that  we  have  with  concern  observed,  for  some 
years  past,  the  fatal  effects  of  the  frequent  use  of  several  sorts  of 
distilled  Spirituous  Liquors  upon  great  numbers  of  both  sexes, 
rendering  them  diseas'd,  not  fit  for  business,  poor,  a  burthen  to 
themselves  and  neighbours,  and  too  often  the  cause  of  weak,  feeble, 
and  distemper'd  Children,  who  must  be,  instead  of  an  advantage 
and  strength,  a  charge  to  their  Country. 

We  crave  leave  further  most  humbly  to  represent  that  this 
Custom  doth  every  year  increase,  notwithstanding  our  repeated 
Advices  to  the  contrary.  We  therefore  most  humbly  submit  to  the 
consideration  of  Parliament,  so  great  and  growing  an  evil.  In 
testimony  thereof,  We  have  this  nineteenth  day  of  January,  1725, 
caus'd  our  Common  Seal  to  be  affixed  to  this  our  Representation. 
Comitiis  Maj:  Extraord.  19  Januarii  1725  habitis.  The  Represen- 
tation of  the  College  against  the  frequent  use  of  strong  Spirituous 
Liquors  was  read  and  approved,  and  the  College  Seal  was  thereto 
affixed,  and  Dr.  Freind  was  desired  by  the  College  to  take  an  oppor- 
tunity of  presenting  it  to  the  House  of  Commons,  which  he  (being 
a  member)  promised  to  do. 

t  Dr.  Freind's  colleagues  in  the  College  have  celebrated  his 
praises  in  many  of  the  Harveian  Orations,  but  in  none  of  them 
with  equal  felicity  and  elegance  as  in  that  by  a  kindred  spirit,  Sir 


54  ROLL   OF   THE  [1716 

buried  at  Hitcham,  co.  Berks,  the  manor  of  which  had 
been  purchased  by  him  in  1700.  On  a  slab  within  the 
communion  rails  is  the  following  inscription  : — 

H.  J. 

Johannes  Freind  M.D. 

Serenissimee  Reginse  Carolines  Archiatrus 

et  hujus  Manerii  Dominus 

Obiit  26  Julii  1728  ret:  52. 

Dr.  Freind  had  married  in  1709  Anne,  the  eldest 
daughter  of  Thomas  Morice,  esq.,  then  paymaster  of 
the  forces  in  Portugal,  by  whom  he  had  an  only  son, 
John,  who  died  unmarried  in  1750.  The  doctor's 
relict  died  in  1737,  and  was  buried  at  Hitcham,  near 
her  husband. 

George  Baker.  "  His,"  says  he,  "  accensere  licebit  medicum  ad- 
prime  eruditum,  Oxonii  sui  delicias  et  decus,  Joannem  Freind. 
Cujus  quidem  viri  quoties  inspicere  lubet  in  indolem,  et  labores,  et 
studia,  annon  exemplnm,  in  illustri  positum  monumento,  intuemur, 
qualem  oporteat  esse  medicum,  qui  aiFectet  aliquod  ultra  mediocre 
et  quotidianum  ?  Fuit  illi  ingenium  acre  et  excelsum ;  multiplex, 
versatile,  varium.  Tanti  sub  ipsa  adolescentia,  tarn  admirabiles  ab 
eo  in  studiis  progressus  facti  sunt ;  infinita  scientiarum  pene  om- 
nium materies  tarn  avide  et  toto,  quod  ajunt,  pectore  devorata,  ut 
non  ille  discere  sed  reminisci,  non  excurrere  videretur  sed  evolare  ad 
omnom  literature  excellentiam.  Duram  et  asperam  tactu  Philoso- 
phiam  solus  fere  tractare  potuit,  nee  tamen  elegantiaa  suss  valedi- 
cere ;  et  simul  ei  et  diserto  esse  concessum  est,  et  Musas  severiores 
colere.  Ad  rem  vero  medicinalem  illustrandam  non  tarn  alienis 
institutis,  quam  propria  natures  vi ;  non  tarn  rudimentis  artium, 
quam  usu ;  non  tarn  discendo,  quam  agendo  atque  experiundo,  totus 
abreptus  est.  Neque  tamen  in  ultimis  ejus  laudibus  ponendum 
censeo,  quod  tarn  ardenti  flagraverit  studio  ea  omnia  versandi  atque 
ediscendi,  quse  antiqui  literis  mandarunt,  viri  et  arte  et  facundia 
insignes,  quique  miram  in  scriptis  obtinent  turn  medendi  turn 
scribendi  salubritatem.  Etenim  si  apud  medicos  alicujus  pretii 
habeantur,  quae  habentur  certe  maximi,  in  observando  acumen  et 
diligentia,  in  communicando  fides ;  si  honestius  sit  ac  fructudsius 
scientiam  ex  ipsis  fontibus  potius  haurire,  quam  earn  in  arescentes 
rivalos  dispertitam  consectari,  profecto  aut  apud  veteres  est,  aut 
nusquam  est,  quod  quaeritur.  Etsi  enim  diffitendum  neutiquam 
sit,  plurima,  a  veteribus  prave  intellecta,  diem  castigasse ;  etsi  vel 
praedicandem  sit,  plurima,  ab  iis  prorsus  ignorata,  in  lucem  ususque 
vestros  diem  protulisse ;  ea  tamen  eorum  merita  sunt,  ut  raro  vir 
magnus  quisquam  extiterat,  nisi  quern  haec  studia  oblectarint,  haec 
ornaverit  sapientia,  hi  magistri  docuerint ; "  p.  20. 


1716]  KOYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  55 

A  monument  to  Dr.  Freind's  memory,  with  the  follow- 
ing inscription,  was  erected  in  Westminster  abbey  : — 

JOHANNES  FREIND,  M.D. 

Archiater 

Serenissimae  ReginaB  Carolines ; 

cujus  perspicaci  judicio  cum  se  approbasset, 

quanta  prius  apud  omnes  Medicine  fama, 

tanta  apud  Regiam  Familiam  gratia  floruit. 

Ingenio  erat  benevolo  et  admodum  liberal!, 

societatis  et  convictuum  amans, 

amicitiarum  (etiam  suo  alicubi  periculo)  tenacissimus. 
Nemo  beneficia  aut  in  alios  alacrius  contul,it, 

aut  in  se  collata  libentius  meminit. 

Juvenis  adliuc  scriptis  coepit  inclarescere, 

et  assiduo  turn  Latini  turn  Patrii  sermonis  usu 

orationem  perpolivit ; 
quam  vero  in  umbraculis  excoluerat  facundiam, 

earn  in  solem  atque  aciem  Senator  protulit. 

Humanioribus  literis  domi  peregreque  operam  dedit ; 

omnes  autem,  ut  decuit,  nervos  intendit 

sua  in  arte  ut  esset  versatissimus : 

quo  successu,  Orbis  Britannici  cives  et  proceres, 

quam  multiplici  scientia,  viri  omnium  gentium  eruditi ; 

quam  indefesso  studio  et  industria, 

id  quidem,  non  sine  lacrymis  amici  loquentur. 

Miri  quiddam  fuit,  quod  in  tarn  continua  occupatione, 

inter  tot  circuitiones, 

scribendo  etiam  vacare  posset : 

quod  tanto  oneri  diutius  sustinendo  impar  esset, 

nih.il  miri. 

Obiit  siquidem,  vigente  adhuc  setate, 

annum  agens  quinquagesimum  secundum, 

set.  Christi  1728,  Jul.  26; 

Collegii  Westmonasteriensis 

et  aedis  Christi  Oxoniensis  Alumnus  ; 

Collegii  Medicorum  Londinensium 

et  Societatis  Regiaa  Socius. 

A  good  portrait  of  Dr.  Freind  by  Dahl  is  in  the  Col- 
lege dining-room.  It  was  bequeathed  to  the  College 
by  Matthew  Lee,  M.D.,  to  be  mentioned  hereafter,  and 
in  the  old  college  in  Warwick-lane,  had  the  following 
inscription  appended  to  it :— "  Joh.  Freind,  M.D.,  Oxon  : 
hujus  Collegii  quondam  socii  quam  cernis  imaginem 
legavit  moriens  Matt.  Lee,  M.D.,  Oxon,  et  hujus 


56  BOLL  OF   THE  [1716 

Collegii  socius.  A.D.  1755."*  Another,  and  finer  por- 
trait of  Dr.  Freind  than  the  one  just  mentioned,  is  in 
the  possession  of  George  Owen  Bees,  M.D.,  of  Albe- 
marle-street. 

There  is,  too,  in  the  Censor's  room,  a  spirited  medal- 
lion of  Dr.  Freind,  carved  in  boxwood.  It  was  pre- 
sented to  the  College  by  Dr.  Diamond,  and  had  for- 
merly belonged  to  Sir  George  L.  Tuthill,  M.D.,  a  Fellow 
of  our  College,  which  is  all  that  is  known  concerning 
it.  Beside  these,  there  is  extant  a  finely  executed 
medal  of  Dr.  Freind,  with  the  doctor's  bust  on  the  ob- 
verse, inscribed  "  JOANNES  FREIND,  Coll.  Med.  Lond.  et 
Beg.  S.S,"  and  on  the  neck  the  initial  letters  of  the 
artist's  name,  S.  V.  (Saint  Urbain).  Beverse,  an  ancient 
and  modern  physician  joining  hands.  "  Medicina  vetus 
et  nova.  Exergue,  Uiiam  facimus  utramque." 

The  doctor's  valuable  library  was  sold  at  auction  by 
Mr.  Cock,  in  January,  1728-9. 

THOMAS  PELLETT,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Sussex,  and 
admitted  a  pensioner  of  Queen's  college,  Cambridge, 
8th  June,  1689,  as  a  member  of  which  he  proceeded 
bachelor  of  medicine  in  1694.  In  the  following  year 
he  visited  Italy,  in  company  with  Dr.  Mead  and  Mr. 
Thomas  Polhill,  studied  for  a  time  at  Padua,  and  then 
returned  to  England.  He  was  created  doctor  of  medi- 
cine of  Cambridge  (Comitiis  Begiis)  in  1705  ;  and,  set- 
tling in  London,  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  22nd  December,  1707  ;  and  a  Fellow, 
9th  April,  1716.  He  was  Censor  in  1717,  1720,  1727  ; 
Harveian  Orator,  1719  ;  Consiliarius,  1740,  1741  ;  and 
President,  1735,  1736,  1737,  1738,  1739.  Dr.  Pellett 
and  Mr.  Martin  Folkes  were  the  joint-editors  of  the 
edition  of  Sir  Isaac  Newton's  "  Chronology  of  Ancient 
Kingdoms,"  which  appeared  in  1728.  Dr.  Pellett  died 
at  his  house  in  Henrietta-street,  Covent-garden,  4th 
July,  1744.t  His  portrait  is  on  the  staircase. 

*  Malcolm's  Londinum  Redivivum,  vol.  iii,  p.  384. 

t  "  Vir  multis  nominibus  celebrandus,  atque  hoc  uno  (si  nullum 


1717]  ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.  57 

JOHN  PLOMER. — A  native  of  Gloucestershire,  in 
which  county  he  was  then  practising  ;  was  admitted  an 
Extra- Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians,  12th 
June,  1716. 

WILLIAM  HALLETT,  M.D.,  was  entered  on  the  physic 
line  at  Leyden,  23rd  August,  1713,  and  graduated 
doctor  of  medicine  there  in  1714  (D.M.I,  de  viribus 
Argenti  Vivi).  He  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  31st  July,  1716.  Dr.  Hallett 
practised  at  Exeter,  was  a  Dissenter,  and  was  implicitly 
trusted  by  those  of  his  own  persuasion  in  and  around 
that  city.  He  was  one  of  the  five  physicians  appointed 
to  the  Devon  and  Exeter  hospital  on  its  establishment 
in  1741.  Dr.  Hallett  died  in  1754. 

THOMAS  PONT,  of  Liverpool,  was  admitted  an  Extra- 
Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  April, 
1717. 

CHARLES  TOURVILLE. — A  younger  son  of  Sir  

Tourville,  of  Ashton,  co.  Leicester,  bart.  ;  was  admitted 

subesset  aliud)  minime  hie  tacendus,  quod  anmiam  hanc  dicendi 
occasionem  aliquandiu  intermissam  Ipse  restituerit :  cujus  lauda- 
bili  proposito  non  modo  consummatam  Ipsius  sed  posterorum 
quoque  Oratorum  omnium,  debemus  Eloquentiam.  Singularis  om- 
nino  fuit  et  eximia  Pelletti  indoles.  Artibus  et  ingenio  ad  medici- 
nam  exolendam  quo  fuit  instructior  eo  studiosius  ejus  exercendae 
grave  onus  detrectavit.  Quanto  magis  meritorum  suorum  fuit 
conscius,  tanto  aegrius  iniquam  artis  suae  toleravit  sortem,  qui 
egregiis  animi  dotibus  plerosque  homines  superavit,  eum  profecto 
coram  Muliercularum  tribunali  ad  quod  quotidie  citantur  Medici 
causam  dicere  piguit  maxime :  qui  injuriarum  suspicionum,  inimi- 
citiarum  infamise,  immo  et  famae  omnino  immeritae  non  valde  fuit 
patiens,  is  artem  istiusmodi  in  qua  exercenda  haec  omnia  insunt 
mala  non  aversari  non  potuit,  qui  otii  literati  et  quotidianae  litera- 
torum  consuetudinis  fuit  amantissimus,  is  ab  iis  ad  diurnos  noctur- 
nosque  artis  aeerbissimae  labores  se  divelli  eagre  passus  est.  Qui 
denique  lucri  gratia  facere  nihil  is  arte  humanitatis  et  amicitiae 
potuit  omnia.  0  praeclarissimum  Hominis  Ingenium  !  qui  ita 
sentire  numquam  destiterit.  0  invidendam  Medici  fortunam  quae 
ita  agere  ei  permiserit."  Oratio  Harveiana,  1755  habita,  p.  35. 


58  ROLL  OF  THE  [1718 

an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  25th  May,   1717. 
He  practised  at  Whitehaven. 

His  GRACE  JOHN  DUKE  OF  MONTAGUE  was  admitted, 
at  his  own  request,  a  Fellow  of  the  College  of  Physi- 
cians 23rd  October,  1717.*  He  was  often  present  at 
the  delivery  of  the  Harveian  Orations,  and  not  unfre- 
quently  at  the  annual  dinners.  The  duke  died  of  a 
violent  fever  in  July,  1749,  aged  fifty-nine.  He  was 
master-general  of  the  ordnance,  master  of  the  great 
wardrobe,  colonel  of  the  2nd  dragoon  guards,  knight  of 
the  garter,  grand  master  of  the  order  of  the  Bath,  a 
privy  councillor,  and  a  fellow  of  the  Hoyal  Society. 
Dying  without  issue  the  title  became  extinct. 

WILLIAM  CROSE,  of  Richmond,  Surrey,  was  admitted 
an  Extra- Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  8th 
May,  1718. 

MICHAEL  LEE  DICKER,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Exeter,  and 
on  the  20th  August,  1717,  being  then  twenty-two  years 
of  age,  was  entered  on  the  physic  line  at  Leyden,  and 
in  that  university  took  his  degree  of  doctor  of  medi- 
cine 30th  May,  1718  (D.M.I,  de  Motibus  Ordinatis 
et  Inordinatis  Animalium,  4to.).  He  was  admitted  an 
Extra- Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  14th  June, 
1718,  and  then  settled  at  Exeter,  where  he  soon  ac- 
quired the  confidence  of  a  numerous  party.  Dr.  Dicker 
was  a  member  of  the  society  of  Friends  ;  a  man  of  in- 
offensive manners  and  plain  good  sense,  rather  safe  than 
scientific,  and  more  distinguished  for  mild  attention 
than  officious  interference  in  the  operations  of  nature. 
He  was  appointed  one  of  the  physicians  to  the  Devon 

*  "  His  Grace  the  Duke  of  Montague  having  been  admitted 
doctor  of  physick  at  Cambridge,  when  king  George  was  there :  the 
president  proposed  him  to  be  chosen  fellow  of  the  College.  His 
Grace  was  ballotted  for  and  elected  n.c.  Resolved  that  the  fellows 
of  the  College  will  meet  in  their  gowns  at  the  Treasurer's  house 
(which  is  near  the  Duke's),  and  go  thence  and  admit  his  Grace  at 
his  own  house." 


1718]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  59 

and  Exeter  hospital  on  its  establishment,  and  continued 
to  hold  that  office  till  his  death,  3rd  October,  1754,  iii 
the  fifty-ninth  year  of  his  age.  A  portrait  of  Dr.  Dicker, 
by  Thomas  Hudson,  is  in  the  board  room  of  the  hospi- 
tal at  Exeter. 

RICHARD  TYSON,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Gloucestershire, 
and  was  the  son  of  Edward  Tyson,  M.D.,  a  Fellow  of 
the  College,  who  died  in  1708.  Dr.  Richard  Tyson  was 
educated  at  Pembroke  college,  Cambridge,  of  which 
house  he  was  a  fellow.  He  proceeded  M.B.  1710  ;  M.D. 
1715;  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Phy- 
sicians 25th  June,  1717  ;  and  a  Fellow  25th  June,  1718, 
He  was  Censor  in  1718,  1728,  1734,  1736,  1737;  Regis- 
trar from  1723  to  1735  inclusive ;  was  appointed  Trea- 
surer 16th  April,  1739,  in  place  of  Dr.  Wharton,  de- 
ceased, and  held  that  office  until  October,  1746.  He 
delivered  the  Harveian  Oration  in  1725.  Dr.  Tyson 
was  named  an  Elect  18th  August,  1735  ;  and  was  ele- 
vated to  the  Presidential  chair  in  1746.  This  distin- 
guished office  he  continued  to  fill  to  the  day  of  his  death, 
3rd  January,  1749-50.  Dr.  Tyson  was  physician  to  St. 
Bartholomew's  hospital,  to  which  office  he  was  elected 
7th  May,  1725.  In  September,  1729,  whilst  in  the 
execution  of  his  office  there,  he  was  violently  assaulted 
by  one  of  the  patients,  supposed  to  be  in  a  disordered 
state  of  his  senses.  Help  immediately  coming,  the  fel- 
low was  secured,  but  in  the  scufHe  Dr.  Tyson  fell 
against  the  locker  of  a  bed,  by  which  the  cap  of  his  knee 
was  put  out,  and  his  arms  very  much  bruised.  * 

THOMAS  WEST,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Northamptonshire, 
and  was  originally  of  Exeter  college,  Oxford,  as  a  mem- 
ber of  which  he  took  the  degree  of  bachelor  of  arts  17th 
October,  1687 ;  but  then  removing  to  Merton  college, 
proceeded  A.M.  13thNovember,  1691;  M.B.  29th  April, 
1693  ;  M.D.  25th  June,  1696.  He  was  admitted  a  Can- 
didate of  the  College  of  Physicians  23rd  December, 
*  British  Medical  Journal  for  October  23,  1875,  p.  527. 


60  ROLL   OF   THE  [1718 

1717  ;  and  a  Fellow  22nd  December,  1718.  He  was 
Treasurer  in  1721  and  1722  ;  Censor,  1725,  1729  ;  and 
dying  suddenly  at  his  house  in  Red  Lion-square,  17th 
August,  1738,  was  buried  in  the  chapel  of  Merton  col- 
leo-e,  Oxford,  where  he  is  thus  commemorated:  — 

O     '  ' 

Here, 

near  the  remains  of  his  first  wife, 

CATHERINE,  daughter  of  Dr.  Lydall, 

who  died  Decr  ye  16,  A.D.  1705, 

lieth 

the  body  of  THOMAS  WEST,  M.D. 

Fellow  of  the  College  of  Physicians, 

and  formerly  Fellow  of  this   College, 

who  departed  this  life 

the  seventeenth  day  of  August, 

in  the  year  of  our  Lord 

1738,  aged  70  years. 

WILLIAM  WAGSTAFFE,  M.D.,  was  descended  from  a 
very  ancient  family  long  settled  at  Knightcote,  in  War- 
wickshire ;  but  was  actually  born  in  Northamptonshire. 
His  father,  who  was  rector  of  Cublington,  co.  Bucks, 
took  more  than  ordinary  care  of  the  education  of  this 
his  only  son.  He  was  placed  at  an  excellent  school  in 
Northampton,  whence,  at  the  age  of  sixteen,  he  was  re- 
moved to  Lincoln  college,  Oxford.  At  the  university 
he  was  distinguished,  not  only  for  the  soundness  of  his 
learning,  but  as  an  agreeable  and  facetious  companion, 
which  made  his  society  much  sought  for  by  persons  of 
superior  rank  and  standing.  He  took  the  degree  of 
A.B.  16th  June,  1704  ;  A.M.  5th  May,  1707  ;  and  had 
some  thoughts  of  entering  the  Church  ;  but  a  visit  to 
London,  to  his  relative  the  Rev.  Thomas  Wagstaffe,  an 
amateur  practitioner  of  physic,  diverted  him  from  his 
original  intention,  and  induced  him  to  apply  to  the 
study  of  medicine.  He  proceeded  doctor  of  medicine  at 
Oxford,  accumulating  his  degrees,  8th  July,  1714,  and 
settling  in  London,  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  23rd  December,  1717,  and  a  Fel- 
low 22nd  December,  1718.  He  was  Censor  in  1720. 
Dr.  Wagstaffe  was  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society,  reader 


1718J      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.         61 

on  anatomy  at  Surgeons'  hall,  and  physician  to  St.  Bar- 
tholomew's hospital.  His  affairs  becoming  embarrassed, 
his  spirits  and  his  health  gave  way.  In  March,  1724-5, 
he  took  a  journey  to  Bath,  but  had  not  been  there 
many  weeks  before  he  relapsed.  Growing  progressively 
worse,  he  died  in  that  city  5th  May,  1725,  in  the  for- 
tieth year  of  his  age.  Dr.  Wagstaffe  was  twice  married, 
first  to  the  daughter  of  his  relative,  the  Rev.  Thomas 
Wagstaffe,  and  secondly  to  a  daughter  of  Charles  Ber- 
nard, esq.,  serjearit-surgeon  to  queen  Anne.  He  edited 
Dr.  Drake's  "  Anthropologia  Nova,"  and  was  the  author 
of  a  Letter  to  Dr.  Andrew  Tripe,  at  Bath,  8vo.  Lond. 
1719,  and  of  a  specious  pamphlet  against  small-pox 
inoculation,  entitled — 

A  Letter  showing  the  danger  and  uncertainty  of  Inoculating  the 
Small-pox.  8vo.  Lond.  1722. 

All  his  other  writings  were  satirical :  they  were  col- 
lected into  one  volume,  and  published  in  1725,  under 
the  title — • 

Miscellaneous  Works  of  Dr.  William  Wagstaffe,  Physician  to  St. 
Bartholomew's  Hospital ;  with  an  Account  of  his  Life  and  Writings. 

WILLIAM  BAEROWBY,  M.D.,  was  born  in  London, 
and  educated  at  Trinity  college,  Oxford,  as  a  member 
of  which  house  he  proceeded  A.B.  15th  June,  1703, 
A.M.  27th  October,  1706,  M.B.  13th  April,  1709,  and 
M.D.  18th  July,  1713.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate 
of  the  College  of  Physicians  23rd  December,  1717,  a 
Fellow  22nd  December,  1718.  Dr.  Barrowby  was  ad- 
mitted a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  9th  November, 
1721.  He  was  Censor  in  1721,  1730,  1734.  He  was 
elected  physician  to  St.  Bartholomew's  hospital  28th 
March,  1750,  and  died  suddenly  "of  a  dead  palsy," 
30th  December,  1751.  Dr.  Barrowby's  portrait  by 
T.  Jenkins,  was  engraved  by  J.  S.  Miller.  He  was  the 
author,  conjointly,  it  is  said,  with  Dr.  Kirkpatrick  and 
one  of  the  Schombergs,  of 


62  ROLL  OF  THE  [1718 

A  Letter  to  the  real  and  genuine  Pierce  Dod,  exposing  the  Ab- 
surdity of  a  Spurious  Pamphlet,  ascribed  to  him  by  Dod  Pierce. 
8vo.  Lond.  1746 ;  and  of 

Syllabus  Anatomicus  Prselectionibus  annuatim  habendis,  adap- 
tatus,  8vo.  Lond.  1736. 

SIR  EDWARD  HULSE,  BART.,  M.D.,  was  the  eldest 
son  of  Edward  Hulse,  M.D.,  a  Fellow  of  the  College  of 
Physicians,  by  his  wife  Dorothy,  a  daughter  of  Thomas 
Westrow,  esq.  He  was  of  Emmanuel  college,  Cam- 
bridge, and  as  a  member  of  that  house  proceeded  M.B. 
in  1704,  M.D.  17th  December,  1717.  He  was  admitted 
a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  23rd  Decem- 
ber, 1717,  and  a  Fellow  22nd  December,  1718;  was 
Censor  in  1720,  1721,  1735  ;  Elect  5th  June,  1736  ; 
and  Consiliarius  in  1750,  1751,  1753.  He  was  physi- 
cian in  ordinary  to  queen  Anne  and  king  George  I,  and 
was  created  a  baronet  in  1739.  Sir  Edward,  who  had 
married  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Sir  Richard  Levett, 
lord  mayor  of  London  in  1700,  withdrew  from  practice 
some  years  before  his  death,  and  retired  to  Baldwins, 
on  Dartford  Heath,  co.  Kent.  He  died  on  the  10th 
April,  1759,  aged  seventy-seven,  and  was  buried  at 
Wilmington,  Kent,  in  the  churchyard  of  which  parish 
there  is  a  vault  of  considerable  dimensions,  supposed  to 
have  been  built  in  1746,  when  the  remains  of  lady 
Hulse  were  brought  from  Essex,  where  she  had  been 
buried,  and  deposited  in  it.  Over  the  vault  is  raised  a 
monument  similar  in  its  design  to  that  erected  in  the 
churchyard  of  Chelsea  to  the  memory  of  Sir  Hans 
Sloane,  there  being  a  marble  urn  entwined  by  a  ser- 
pent. On  a  tablet  of  white  marble  fixed  in  the  east 
front  of  the  pedestal  is  the  following  inscription  : — 

Here  lieth  the  body  of 
Sir  Edward  Hulse,  Bart., 

First  Physician  to  His  Majesty  George  the  Second. 

He  practised  in  London  forty  years  with  reputation  and  success, 

and,  retiring  from  business  in  the  later  part  of  life, 

died  April  10,  1759, 

aged  seventy-seven. 

Here  also  lieth  the  body  of 


1718]  ROYAL  COLLEGE   OP   PHYSICIANS.  63 

Dame  Elizabeth,  his  wife,  one  of  the  daughters  of 

Sir  Richard  Levet,  knight,  citizen  of  London. 

She  died  January  15th,  1741,  aged  47. 

A  few  years  before  Sir  Edward  Hulse's  death  lie 
became  childish,  and  was  impressed  with  the  idea  that 
he  should  die  in  want.  To  obviate  this  feeling,  his 
family  were  in  the  habit  of  putting  some  guineas  into 
his  pocket  every  day,  which  they  made  him  believe  he 
had  taken  as  fees.  He  was  probably  aware  of  his 
approaching  infirmities,  for  ten  years  before  his  death 
he  declined  visiting  any  patient  unless  accompanied  by 
his  intimate  friend  Dr.  (afterwards  Sir  William)  Wat- 
son. 

Sir  Edward  Hulse,  although  not  the  first  medical 
baronet,  is  the  first  of  that  order  who  left  a  son  and 
transmitted  the  title,  which  is  now  borne  by  his  de- 
scendant Sir  Edward,  the  fifth  baronet  of  Bream  ore,  in 
Hampshire.  The  house  and  estate  of  Breamore  was 
purchased  by  Sir  Edward  Huise,  M.D.,  in  1738.  The 
house  was  burnt  down  some  years  since,  but  has  been 
rebuilt  in  the  same  style.  There  is  a  print  of  the  old 
house  in  Prosser.  All  the  family  portraits  were  burnt. 
They  were  fixed  to  the  walls,  and  could  not  be  removed. 

Sir  Edward  Hulse's  portrait  was  painted  by  F.  Cotes, 
and  engraved  by  J.  Watson. 

THOMAS  WADS  WORTH,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Hertford- 
shire, and  educated  at  Leyden,  where  he  took  the 
degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  in  1699  (Theses  Medico 
Inaugurales  de  Secretionibus  in  Genere,  4to.).  On  the 
7th  December,  1717,  he  was  created  doctor  of  medicine 
at  Cambridge  ;  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  23rd  December,  1717;  a  Fellow 
22nd  December,  1718  ;  and  was  Censor  in  1721.  Dr. 
Wadsworth  was  one  of  the  physicians  to  St.  Thomas's 
hospital,  an  office  he  resigned  shortly  before  his  death, 
which  occurred  on  the  23rd  June,  1733. 

THOMAS  VINCENT  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate 


64  KOLL  OF   THE  [1719 

of  the  College  13th  March,  1718-9.  He  practised  at 
Plymouth,  and,  dying  there  23rd  October,  1780,  in  the 
89th  year  of  his  age,  was  buried  in  the  south  aisle  of 
St.  Andrew's  church,  where  a  floor  stone  is  inscribed  to 
his  memory,  and  to  that  of  several  other  members  of 
his  family. 

STEPHEN  CHASE,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Buckingham- 
shire. Admitted  at  Magdalen  hall,  Oxford,  he  pro- 
ceeded A.B.  4th  May,  1697  ;  A.M.  8th  February,  1699  ; 
M.B.  27th  April,  1703.  On  the  3rd  December,  1713, 
he  took  the  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  as  a  member 
of  Merton  college ;  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  24th  April,  1718  ;  and  a  Fellow 
23rd  March,  1718-9.  He  was  Censor  in  1722,  and  on 
the  10th  December,  1724,  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the 
Royal  Society.  Dr.  Chase  was  twice  married  ;  first  to 
Philippa  Duncombe,  who  died  23rd  July,  1721,  in  the 
forty-third  year  of  her  age  :  secondly,  to  Elizabeth,  the 
daughter  of  Edmund  Pye,  of  Farringdon,  esq.,  who  died 
16th  January,  1739,  aged  forty-seven  years.  Both  are 
buried  in  the  church  of  Great  Brickhill,  in  his  native 
county,  to  which  place  he  retired,  and  where  he  him- 
self was  buried  13th  January,  1742. 

SIB,  CONRAD  JOACHIM  SPRENGELL,  M.D.,  a  native 
of  Leipsic,  and  a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Angiers,  of  12th 
March,  1710  ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College 
of  Physicians  23rd  March,  1718-9.  He  was  admitted 
a  fellow  of  the  Eoyal  Society  23rd  March,  1720-1. 
He  received  the  honour  of  knighthood  from  George  I 
1st  May,  1725,  and  died,  according  to  Dr.  Thomson,""" 
14th  March,  1740.  He  published  a  translation  of  the 
Aphorisms  of  Hippocrates  and  Sentences  of  Celsus. 
8vo.  Lond.  1735. 

JAMES  JURIN,  M.D.,  was  born  in  London,  and  edu- 
cated  at   Christ's   hospital,   whence   he  proceeded   to 
*  History  of  the  Royal  Society,  p.  xxxv. 


1719]  ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.  65 

Trinity  college,  Cambridge,  of  which  society  he  became 
a  fellow.  He  took  the  two  degrees  in  arts,  A.B.  1705, 
A.M.  1709.  On  the  2nd  November,  1709,  he  was  [X 
entered  on  the  physic  line  at  Leyden,  and  on  the  23rd 
January  following  was  appointed  master  of  the  gram- 
mar school  of  Newcastle-upon-Tyne.  During  the 
period  he  was  master  there  he  published 

Burnhardi  Yarenii  Greographia  Generalis,  in  qua  affectiones  gene- 
rales  Telluris  explicantur.  Adjecta  est  Appendix,  praecipna  recen- 
tiorum  inventa  ad  geographiam  spectantia  continens.  Cantab.  1712. 
Dedicated  to  Dr.  Bentley. 

Jurin's  early  attachment  to  those  philosophical  studies 
which  he  afterwards  cultivated  with  so  much  success, 
was  evident  during  his  residence  at  Newcastle,  where, 
according  to  Brand,  he  gave  lectures  on  experimental 
philosophy,  and  saved  a  thousand  pounds,  which  enabled 
huii  to  prosecute  the  plans  he  had  formed,  namely,  to 
resign  his  mastership — which  he  did  in  171 5 — return  to 
Cambridge,  and  take  the  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine. 
This  he  did  in  1716,  soon  after  which  he  settled  in 
London,  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  25th  June,  1718  ;  and  a  Fellow  25th  June, 
1719.  He  was  soon  elected  a  fellow  of  the  Royal 
Society,  and  was  appointed  secretary  30th  November, 
1721,  resigning  that  office  on  St.  Andrew's  day,  1727. 
In  his  capacity  of  secretary  he  edited  the  31st  and 
three  following  volumes  of  the  "  Philosophical  Trans- 
actions." Dr.  Jurin  was  appointed  physician  to  Guy's 
hospital  21st  April,  1725,  but  resigned  it,  on  account  of 
his  steadily  increasing  professional  engagements,  31st 
March,  1732.  He  was  one  of  the  Censors  of  the  Col- 
lege in  1723,  1730,  1731,  1735,  1744;  Elect,  17th 
July,  1744  ;  Consiliarius,  1748,  1749;  and  finally,  on 
the  death  of  Dr.  Tyson,  was  elected  President  19th 
January,  1750.  Dr.  Jurin  survived  this  honour  for  a 
few  weeks  only  :  he  died  at  his  house  in  Lincoln's-inn- 
fields,  29th  March,  1750,  in  the  sixty-sixth  year  of  his 
age,  and  was  buried  at  St.  James's,  Garlick-hill,  on  the 

VOL.    II.  F 


66  ROLL   OP   THE  [1719 

south  wall  of  which  is  a  monument  of  neat  workman- 
ship, bearing  the  following  inscription  :— 

In  this  corner  of  the  church 
are  deposited  the  remains  of 

James  Jurin,  M.D. 

Ob:  29  March  1750  set.  65. 

Mary  his  wife  ob:  5  July  1784. 

James  their  only  son,  of  the  Hermitage  in 

Northumberland,  esq.,  ob:  s.p.  July,  1782. 

V  Out  of  the  ample  fortune  Dr.  Jurin  had  acquired  by 
his  profession,  he  bequeathed  a  considerable  legacy  to 
Christ's  hospital.  A  bust  of  this  distinguished  phy- 
sician, placed  there  by  his  son,  is  in  the  library  of  that 
noble  foundation. * 

Dr.  Jurin's  merits  as  a  mathematician  were  of  the 
highest  order,  and  his  papers  in  the  "  Philosophical 
Transactions "  are,  perhaps,  the  most  satisfactory  ex- 
amples we  possess  of  the  application  of  mathematical 
science  to  physiology.  His  paper  "  De  Potentia  Cor- 
dis,"  in  No.  358,  and  his  essay  in  defence  of  it  in  No. 
362,  addressed  to  Dr.  Mead,  and  written  in  very  choice 

*  "  Nee  deerit  inter  laudes,  Jurino  etiam  aliquod  et  loci  et  glorise ; 
quern  credo  non  poenituit,  cseteris  Academies  disciplinis  satis  imbu- 
tum,  perfectam  insuper  geometric  scientiam  ex  uberrimis  ejus  fon- 
tibus  affluentius  hausisse  et  in  rebus  Physicis  inclarescere  potuisse, 
vivente  etiam  atque  regnante  Physicorum  Principe  Newtono.  Tali 
instructus  apparatu  cum  ad  medicinam  tractandam  accessisset, 
spinas  eas  et  asperitates  quibus  omnis  fere  obstructa  est  cognitio 
facile  superavit  victor;  et,  certiora  figens  vestigia  festinavit  im- 
piger  ad  summam  in  re  medica  prsestantiam.  Magna  mihi  est  copia 
memorandi  plurima  turn  doctrines  ejus  multiplicis  monumenta,  turn 
pietatis  in  hanc  domum  praeclara  edita  indicia.  Sed  ilia  nota,  dicta 
pervolgata  sunt  omnia.  Id  vero  quod  ego  UK  palmariam  depute 
Insitivarum  dico  variolarum  artificium  ejus  potissimum  experi- 
mentis  et  auctoritate  confirmatum,  iniquissimus  essem  si  prseterirem. 
Quod  sane  cum  tarn  felici  exitu  fortunaverit  Deus  ;  cum,  ejus  ope 
frequentissma  mortis  janua  obstrui  fere  et  obsignari  videatur,  num 
dubitabimus  adhuc  mortales  an  hoc  tantum  boni  quod  divinitus 
oblatum  est  et  datum  ad  conservandos  homines  et  amplificandam 
Dei  gloriam  certatim  conf eramus  ?  Crediderim  equidem  nullam  fore 
in  terris  regionem  artium  modo  et  humanitatis  commercio  aliquo 
expolitam  apud  quam  illius  artificii  usus  non  sit  invaliturus."  Ora- 
tio  ex  Harvsei  instituto  habita  1761  auctore  Greo.  Baker  p.  24. 


1719]     ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.         67 

Latin,  were  in  opposition  to  the  views  of  Dr.  Keil  of 
Northampton.  His  conduct  towards  that  eminent  man 
was  most  polite  and  handsome  ;  and  it  has  been  well 
observed  that  he  preserved  throughout  the  sermonum 
honos  et  vivax  gratia,  so  desirable  in  all  literary  con- 
tests. Dr.  Jurin  also  wrote,  "  On  the  Causes  of  Dis- 
tinct and  Indistinct  Vision  ; "  "  On  the  Momentum  of 
Running  Waters ; "  and  "  On  Moving  Bodies,"  which 
respectively  led  him  into  controversy  with  Robins, 
Michelotti,  and  some  of  the  followers  of  Leibnitz.  In 
"  The  works  of  the  Learned  "  for  1737,  1739,  he  car- 
ried on  a  controversy  with  Dr.  Pemberton,  in  defence 
of  Newton,  signing  himself  there  "  Philalethes  Canta- 
brigiensis."  By  Voltaire  in  the  Journal  de  Scavans  he 
was  styled  "  the  famous  Jurin."  His  efforts  in  behalf 
of  inoculation  were  indefatigable,  and  in  the  highest 
degree  judicious*  The  perusal  of  his  carefully- written 
and  cautiously-reasoned  papers  on  this  subject  could 
scarcely  fail  to  carry  conviction  of  the  efficacy,  safety, 
and  propriety  of  the  practice  to  all  not  blinded  by  pre- 
judice or  obstinately  set  on  not  being  convinced.  His 
only  separate  publication  was  on  this  subject,  and  is 
entitled, 

A  Letter  containing  a  comparison  between  the  Mortality  of  the 
Natural  Small  Pox  and  that  given  by  Inoculation.  8vo.  Lond. 
1723. 

And  in  1752,  there  appeared, 

An  Abstract  of  the  Case  of  James  Jurin,  M.D.,  written  by  him- 
self, as  relates  to  his  Lixivium  for  the  Stone  and  Gravel..  8vo. 
Lond. 

JOHN  MISATJBIN,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine  of  7th 
July,  1687,  of  the  university  "  of  Cahos,  in  France," 
was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  25th  June, 
1719.  He  died  20th  April,  1734. 

CHARLES  JERNEGHAM,  M.D. — His  name  is  so  spelt 
in  the  Annals.  He  was  the  third  son  of  Sir  Francis 
Jerningham,  bart.,  of  Costesey,  who  died  20th  August, 

F  2 


68  ROLL  OF  THE  [1719 

1730,  by  his  wife  Anne,  daughter  of  Sir  George  Blount, 
bart.,  of  Worcestershire.  He  was  a  doctor  of  medicine 
of  Montpelier,  of  24th  May,  1708,  and  was  admitted  a 
Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1719. 
He  married  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Philip  Roper,  lord 
Teynham>  who  died  14th  November,  1736.  He  married 
secondly  Frances,  daughter  of  Rowland  Belasyse, 
brother  of  lord  viscount  Fauconberg.  The  doctor  died 
in  1760,  aged  seventy-two,  and  was  buried  at  Cossey.* 

GILBERT  HEATHCOT,  M.D. — -A  native  of  Derbyshire, 
who  studied  at  Leyden,  was  entered  on  the  physic  line 
there  22nd  February,  1686,  being  then  twenty -two 
years  of  age.  He  was  a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Padua, 
of  13th  June,  1688,  and  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  29th  June,  1719.  This  is 
probably  the  "  Dr.  Heathcoat  an  eminent  quaker  and 
physician,"  who  was  killed  by  the  overturning  of  his 
coach  between  Hampstead  and  London  14th  August, 
1719.t 

PETER  HARDISWAY. — A  Londoner,  formerly  a  stu- 
dent of  Trinity  hall,  Cambridge  ;  was  admitted  an 
Extra- Licentiate  3rd  August,  1719. 

CHARLES  BALE,  M.D.,  was  born  in  London,  and  edu 
cated  at  Jesus  college,  Cambridge.  He  proceeded  M.B' 
in  1716,  and  was  created  M.D.  6th  October,  1717,  on 
the  occasion  of  king  George  I  paying  a  visit  to  the  uni- 
versity. He  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society 
in  1719.  Dr.  Bale  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  30th  September,  1718,  and  a  Fel- 
low 30th  September,  1719.  He  was  Censor  in  1723, 
and  delivered  the  Harveian  oration  for  1729.  He  was 
elected  physician  to  the  Charterhouse  13th  July,  1725, 
and  died  at  his  house  in  Charterhouse-square  17th  Sep- 
tember, 1730. 

*  Suckling's  Suffolk,  vol.  ii,  p.  46. 

t  Histor.  Regist.  1719  Chron.  Diary  35. 


1720]     ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.         69 

VERNON  MEAD,  of  Winchester,  was  admitted  an 
Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  26th  De- 
cember, 1719. 

GEORGE  LEWIS  TESSIER,  M.D. — A  foreigner,  and  a 
doctor  of  medicine  of  Leyden,  of  3rd  November,  1710 
(D.M.I,  de  Substantia  Corticosa  ac  Medullosa  Cerebri, 
4to.),  who  had  obtained  an  act  of  naturalization  ;  and  on 
the  5th  March,  1715-6,  had  been  appointed  physician 
to  the  household  of  king  George  I ;  was  admitted  a 
Fellow  of  the  College  17th  April,  1720.  He  was  ad- 
mitted a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  10th  November, 
1725.  He  was  subsequently  appointed  physician  in 
ordinary  to  king  George  II,  and  died  22nd  May,  1742. 
Dr.  Tessier  was  chosen  physician  to  the  Westminster 
hospital  in  1728,  but  withdrew  from  that  institution  in 
1733  ;  and  was  one  of  the  six  physicians  appointed  to 
St.  George's  hospital  at  the  first  general  board,  held  19th 
October,  1733.  He  also  held  the  appointment  of  phy- 
sician to  Chelsea  hospital. 

GEORGE  BAILEY,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Havant  about 
the  year  1693,  of  parents  distinguished  for  their  virtuous 
and  religious  character.  Their  situation  in  life  enabled 
them  to  bestow  on  their  two  sons,  Edward  and  George, 
a  very  liberal  education  at  home  and  abroad.  After  a 
course  of  study  at  Leyden  under  Boerhaave,  they  both 
graduated  atRheims,  and,  returning  to  their  native  town, 
practised  their  profession  in  partnership ;  but  that  place 
not  affording  sufficient  occupation  for  the  two,  a  sepa- 
ration became  necessary.  Edward  Bailey  continued  at 
Havant,  where  he  passed  the  remainder  of  his  life. 
But  George  Bailey,  a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Rheims,  of 
21st  October,  1716,  who  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  18th  July,  1720, 
settled  at  Chich  ester.  In  that  city  and  in  a  wide  cir- 
cuit of  country  round  it,  he  practised  physic  for  nearly 
half  a  century  with  great  reputation  and  success.  He 
died  1st  December,  1771,  leaving  behind  him  "a  name 


70  BOLL  OF   THE  [1720 

dear  to  his  friends,  to  numerous  objects  of  his  skill  and 
bounty,  and  to  all  who  knew  him,  and  at  the  same  time 
possessed  a  proper  sense  of  the  value  of  great  learning, 
genuine  piety,  inflexible  integrity,  and  diffusive  bene- 
volence."* 

PEIRCE  DOD,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Middlesex,  and  edu- 
cated at  Oxford.  He  was  entered  at  Brasenose  college, 
and  as  a  member  of  that  house  proceeded  A.B.  14th 
October,  1701  ;  soon  after  which,  removing  to  All  Souls, 
he  proceeded  A.M.  6th  June,  1705  ;  M.B.  22nd  March, 
1710  ;  and  M.D.  29th  October,  1714.  He  was  admitted 
a  fellow  of  the  Eoyal  Society  19th  March,  1729-30. 
Dr.  Dod  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  30th  September,  1719  ;  a  Fellow  30th  Sep- 
tember, 1720;  and  was  Censor  in  1724,  1732,  1736, 
1739.  He  delivered  the  Gulstonian  lectures  in  1720, 
and  the  Harveian  oration  in  1729.  Dr.  Dod  was  elected 
physician  to  St.  Bartholomew's  hospital  22nd  July,  1725, 
and  retained  that  office  to  his  death,  which  occurred 
18th  August,  1754.  His  remains  were  interred  in  the 
burial-ground  of  St.  George  the  Martyr,  Queen's-square, 
where  an  altar-tomb  was  erected  to  his  memory,  and  to 
that  of  his  three  children. 

Dr.  Dod  was  one  of  the  most  determined  opponents 
of  inoculation  to  be  found  among  the  members  of  the 
medical  profession.  In  1746  he  published  a  small  work 
entitled  "  Several  cases  in  Physic,  Small-pox,  and 
Fever,"  the  main  object  of  which  was  to  throw  discredit 
on  the  new  practice.  It  was  at  once  answered  in  a 
satirical  pamphlet,  under  the  title  of  "A  Letter  to  the 
real  and  genuine  Peirce  Dod,  M.D.,  actual  physician  to 
St.  Bartholomew's  hospital,  &c.,  with  a  full  answer  to 
the  mistaken  case  of  a  natural  small-pox,  after  taking 
it  by  infection.  By  Dod  Peirce."  The  authors  of  this 
letter,  which  is  said  to  have  done  considerable  damage 
to  Dr.  Dod's  professional  character  and  business,  were 

*  A  Tribute  to  the  Memory  of  Dr.  John  Bailey. 


1720]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF  PHYSICIANS.  71 

Dr.  Kirkpatrick,  author  of  "  The  Analysis  of  Inocula- 
tion," Dr.  Barrowby,  and  one  of  the  Schombergs. 

WILLIAM  STUK.ELEY,  M.D. — This  learned  and  inde- 
fatigable antiquary  was  born  7th  November,  1687,  at 
Holbech,  in  Lincolnshire.  After  a  good  preliminary  edu- 
cation at  the  free  school  of  his  native  town,  he  was  admit- 
ted at  Corpus  Christi  college,  Cambridge,  7th  November, 
1703,  and  chosen  a  scholar  of  that  house  in  the  April  fol- 
lowing. He  proceeded  M.B.  in  1709.  He  commenced 
practice  at  Boston,  in  his  native  county,  but  in  1717  re- 
moved to  London,  and  having  graduated  M.  D.  in  1719, 
was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
30th  September,  1719,  and  a  Fellow  30th  September, 
1720.  He  delivered  the  Gulstonian  Lectures  in  1722. 
These  were  published  the  following  year,  in  folio,  under 
the  title,  "  Of  the  Spleen  :  its  Description  and  History, 
Uses  and  Diseases,  with  Observations  on  the  Dissec- 
tion of  an  Elephant ;"  against  which  Haller  writes,* 
"Valde  paradoxus  homo."  He  was  Censor  in  1725. 
Dr.  Stukeley,  soon  after  his  arrival  in  London,  was 
elected  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society,  and  ere  long  was 
placed  upon  the  council.  He  was  one  of  the  committee 
appointed  to  examine  into  the  condition  of  the  astrono- 
mical instruments  at  the  Royal  Observatory,  Green- 
wich. He  was  also  a  fellow,  and  for  some  years  secre- 
tary, of  the  Society  of  Antiquaries,  and  had  been  one  of 
the  most  active  of  that  illustrious  band  who  revived 
the  society  in  1717  and  1718. 

In  1726  Dr.  Stukeley  removed  to  Grantham,  in  Lin- 
colnshire, where  he  practised  for  some  years  with  the 
highest  reputation.  The  dukes  of  Ancaster  and  Rut- 
land, the  families  of  Tyrconnel,  Cust,  &c.,  &c.,  and  most 
of  the  principal  families  in  the  county,  were  glad  to 
avail  themselves  of  his  advice.  During  his  residence 
there  he  declined  an  invitation  from  the  earl  of  Hert- 
ford to  settle  at  Marlborough,  and  another  to  succeed 

*  Boerhaave's  Methodus  Studii  Medici,  vol.  i,  p.  364. 


72  ROLL  OF   THE  [1720 

Dr.  Hunton  at  Newark.  In  1728  he  married  Frances, 
daughter  of  Mr.  Robert  Williamson,  of  Allington,  near 
Grantham,  a  lady  of  good  family  and  fortune. 

Dr.  Stukeley  had  long  ere  this  been  a  severe  sufferer 
from  gout,  which  generally  confined  him  during  the 
winter  months.  For  the  recovery  of  his  health,  he  was 
in  the  habit  of  travelling  during  the  spring,  and  in  these 
excursions  he  indulged  his  innate  love  of  antiquities  by 
tracing  the  footsteps  of  Caesar's  expedition  in  this 
island, — his  camps,  stations,  &c.  The  fruit  of  his  more 
distant  travels  was  his  "  Itinerarium  Curiosum  ;  or,  an 
Account  of  the  Antiquities  and  Curiosities  in  Travels 
through  Great  Britain,"  folio.  Overpowered  at  length 
with  the  fatigue  of  his  profession  and  repeated  attacks 
of  gout,  he  turned  his  thoughts  to  the  Church ;  and, 
being  encouraged  in  that  pursuit  by  archbishop  Wake, 
was  ordained  at  Croydon  20th  July,  1729.  In  the 
October  following  he  was  presented  by  lord  chancellor 
King  to  the  living  of  All  Saints,  Stamford.  At  the 
time  of  entering  on  his  parochial  cure  (1730),  Dr. 
Rogers  of  that  town  had  just  invented  his  oleum  arth- 
riticum,  which  Dr.  Stukeley,  seeing  others  use  with 
advantage,  was  induced  to  try,  and,  as  the  result 
proved,  with  equal  success  ;  for  it  not  only  saved  his 
joints,  but  with  the  addition  of  a  proper  regimen,  and 
leaving  off  fermented  liquors,  he  recovered  his  health 
and  the  use  of  his  limbs,  and  thenceforward  enjoyed  a 
firm  and  active  state  of  health  to  a  good  old  age.  This 
induced  him  to  publish  an  account  of  the  success  of  the 
external  application  of  this  oil  in  a  letter  to  Sir  Hans 
Sloane  in  1733  ;  and  the  year  after  he  published  also 
"A  Treatise  on  the  Cause  and  Cure  of  the  Gout,  with 
a  new  Rationale,"  which  passed  through  several  editions. 
His  subsequent  literary  efforts  were  chiefly  antiquarian, 
and  are  too  numerous  to  be  here  specified.  In  ]737 
Dr.  Stukeley  lost  his  wife,  and  in  the  following  year 
married  Elizabeth,  the  only  daughter  of  Dr.  Gale,  dean 
of  York.  From  this  time  he  often  spent  his  winters  in 
London.  In  1747  the  duke  of  Montague  prevailed  on 


1720]  ROYAL  COLLEGE   OF  PHYSICIANS.  73 

him  to  vacate  his  preferment  in  the  country  by  giving 
him  the  rectory  of  St.  George's,  Queen-square. 

Dr.  Stukeley's  interest  in  his  original  profession  and 
in  the  College  of  Physicians  continued  to  the  last.  He 
not  unfrequently  attended  the  Comitia  and  took  part 
in  the  business  of  the  College,  as  appears  from  the  fol- 
lowing notes  in  his  own  copy  of  the  Pharmacopoeia  of 
1746.* 

" After  I  was  in  orders,  I  assisted  (September  30th, 
1729)  at  the  Michaelmas  Comitia  of  the  College,  at 
choice  of  President,  Censors,  and  other  officers. 

"Oct.  18. — I  was  present  at  the  Oratio  and  Con- 
vivium  Harveianum.  The  duke  of  Montague  there. 

"  25  June,  1739. — I  assisted  and  dined  at  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  at  the  Quarterly  Comitia. 

"22  Dec.,  1742. — Assisted  at  the  Comitia,  was  chap- 
lain at  dinner. 

"15  Sep.,  1750. — Received  a  summons  to  attend  the 
Croonian  Lecture  and  Sermon,  which  I  preached." 

The  sermon  here  mentioned,  "  The  Healing  of  Dis- 
eases as  a  character  of  the  Messiah,  preached  before 
the  College  of  Physicians  20th  September,  1750,"  was 
published  by  the  doctor,  and  came  to  a  second  edition. 

On  Wednesday,  27th  February,  1765,  Dr.  Stukeley 
was  seized  with  palsy,  brought  on,  it  was  said,  by  at- 
tending a  full  vestry,  on  a  contested  election  for  a  lec- 
turer. He  died  3rd  March,  1765,  in  his  seventy-eighth 
year,  and  was  buried  on  the  9th  in  the  churchyard  of 
East  Ham,  Essex,  at  a  spot  he  had  fixed  upon  during  a 
visit  he  had  paid  some  time  before  to  the  vicar  of  that 
parish.  In  compliance  with  his  own  special  request, 
no  monument  was  placed  over  his  grave,  but  it  is  stated 
that  he  was  buried  in  the  north  of  the  churchyard. 
His  character  was  thus  drawn  by  Haller  :  "  Medicus  et 
antiquitatum  cultor,  vir  pius,  non  satis  cautus."t 

Dr.  Stukeley's  attainments  as  an  antiquary  were  of 
a  high  order.  His  proficiency  in  Druidical  history  was 

*  Gent.  Mag.,  vol.  Iviii,  p.  120. 

f  Biblioth.  Anatom.,  vol.  ii,  p.  124. 


74  KOLL   OF  THE  [1720 

so  great  that  his  familiar  friends  used  to  call  him  "  the 
Archdruid  of  this  age ;"  and  over  the  door  of  a  house 
he  possessed  at  Kentish  Town,  to  which  he  frequently 
retired,  was  the  following  inscription  : — 

Me  dulcis  satttret  quies, 
Obscuro  positus  loco, 
Leni  perfruar  otio, 
Chyndonax  Druida. 

Dr.  Stukeley's  portrait  by  Kneller  was  engraved  by 
J.  Smith.  In  addition  to  the  works  mentioned  above, 
Dr.  Stukeley  was  the  author  of — 

Stonehenge :  a  Temple  restor'd  to  the  British  Druids.  Folio, 
Lond.  1740. 

Abury:  a  Temple  of  the  British  Druids,  with  some  others  de- 
scribed. Folio,  Lond.  1743. 

GEORGE  WHARTON,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  Thomas 
Wharton,  M.D.,  of  Old  Park,  co.  Durham,  by  his  first 
wife,  Mary,  a  daughter  of  John  Hall,  alderman  of  Dur- 
ham, and  was  born  on  the  family  estate,  25th  Decem- 
ber, 1688.  He  was  educated  at  Pembroke  college, 
Cambridge,  as  a  member  of  which  he  proceeded  M.B. 
1712  ;  M.D.  7th  July,  1719.  Admitted  a  Candidate 
of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  September,  1719; 
and  a  Fellow  30th  September,  1720  ;  he  was  Censor  in 
1725,  1729,  1732,  1737  ;  and  Treasurer  from  1727  to 
his  death,  which  occurred  at  his  house  in  Fenchurch- 
street  from  "mortification  of  the  bowels,"  21st  March, 
1739.  He  had  married  Anna  Maria,  daughter  of 
William  Petty,  esq.,  and  having  died  sine  prole,  the 
estate  of  Old  Park  came  to  his  younger  brother  Robert, 
an  alderman  and  once  mayor  of  Durham.  To  Dr.  George 
Wharton  the  College  are  indebted  for  the  portrait  of 
his  grandfather,  Thomas  Wharton,  M.D.,  by  Van  Dyck, 
which  hangs  in  the  Censors'  room. 

WILLIAM  RUTTY,  M.D.,  was  born  in  London,  and 
educated  at  Christ  college,  Cambridge.  He  proceeded 
KB.  in  1712;  M.D.  17th  July,  1719;  was  admitted 


1720]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.          75 

a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  Septem- 
ber, 1719  ;  and  a  Fellow  30th  September,  1720.  He 
delivered  the  Gulstonian  Lectures  in  1722,  and  was 
Censor  in  1726.  Dr.  Rutty  was  elected  secretary  of 
the  Royal  Society  30th  November,  1727,  and  died  10th 
June,  1730.  He  was  the  author  of — 

A  Treatise  on  the  Urinary  Passages,  containing  their  Description, 
Powers,  and  Uses.  4to.  Lond.  1726. 

SIB  RICHAKD  MANNINGHAM  was  born  in  Hampshire, 
and  was  the  second  son  of  Thomas  Manningham,  D.D., 
bishop  of  Chichester.  He  took  the  degree  of  LL.B.  at 
Cambridge  (comitiis  Regiis),  1717  ;  and  in  the  following 
year  built  Park  chapel,  Cheltenham.  Whether  he  was 
ever  in  holy  orders  is  uncertain  ;  we  know,  however, 
that  shortly  after  this  he  devoted  himself  to  physic. 
On  the  24th  March,  1719-20,  he  was  admitted  a  fellow 
of  the  Royal  Society,  and  on  the  30th  September, 
1720,  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians.  He 
practised  chiefly  as  an  accoucheur,  and  attained  to 
great  eminence  in  that  department  of  the  profession. 
He  was  knighted  by  king  George  I.,  18th  February, 
1721  ;  and  dying,  after  a  very  prosperous  career,  on  the 
llth  May,  1759,  was  buried  at  Chelsea.  Sir  Richard 
Manningham  gained  much  credit  by  detecting  and  ex- 
posing  the  imposture  of  Mary  Toft,  the  rabbit-breeder 
of  Godalming,  in  Surrey,  who  had  succeeded  in  deceiv- 
ing not  only  her  own  medical  attendant,  Mr.  Howard, 
but  also  Mr.  Ahlers  and  Mr.  St.  Andre,  the  former 
domestic}  and  the  latter  serjeant-surgeon  to  George  I., 
who  had  sent  them  to  Godalming  to  inquire  into  the 
circumstances.  To  queen  Caroline,  then  princess  of 
Wales,  is  ascribed  the  merit  of  having  been  active  in 
promoting  measures  to  detect  the  imposition.  The 
miraculous  Mary  Toft  was  therefore  brought  to  town, 
where  she  could  be  more  closely  watched  than  at  Go- 
dalming, and  prevented  from  obtaining  the  means  of 
carrying  on  her  imposture.  Sir  Richard  Manningham 
was  among  those  who  took  a  part  on  this  occasion ;  and 


76  ROLL  OF  THE  [1720 

he  had  at  length  the  satisfaction  of  detecting  her.  The 
woman  held  out,  till  her  courage  was  shaken  by  a  threat 
to  perform  a  dangerous  operation  upon  her,  which 
threat  was  backed  by  another  from  a  magistrate,  that 
she  should  be  sent  to  prison.  She  then  confessed  the 
fraud,  and  the  farce  terminated  by  the  Godalming 
miracle-monger  being  committed  to  Tothill  Fields 
prison.*  Sir  Richard  published  in  1726  his 

Exact  Diary  of  what  was  observed  during  a  close  attendance 
upon  Mary  Toft,  the  pretended  Rabbit  Breeder,  from  November 
28th  to  December  7th  following ;  together  with  an  Account  of  the 
Confession  of  the  Fraud. 

He  was  the  author  also  of 

Artis  Obstetricae  Compendium,  tarn  theoriam  quam  praxin  spec- 
tans.  4to.  Lond.  1739. 

This  was  afterwards  newly  arranged  and  republished, 
in  1756,  under  the  title  "  Aphorismata  Medica,"  12mo. 

An  Abstract  of  Midwifery,  for  the  use  of  the  Lying-in  Infirmary. 
8vo.  Lond.  1744. 

The  Plague  no  Contagions  Disorder,  published  anonymously  in 
1744;  but  reprinted  in  1758,  with  alterations  and  his  name,  under 
the  title  of  "  A  Discourse  concerning  the  Plague  and  Pestilential 
Fevers :  plainly  proving  that  the  general  productive  causes  of  all 
Plagues  or  Pestilence  are  from  some  fault  in  the  Air,  or  from  ill 
and  unwholesome  Diet." 

A  Treatise  on  the  Symptoms,  Nature,  Causes,  and  Cure  of  the 
Febricula,  or  Little  Fever.  8vo.  Lond.  1750. 

JOHN  ARNOLD,  M.D. — A  native  of  Devonshire,  and 
a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Padua,  of  17th  January,  1715  ; 
was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  13th 
December,  1720.  He  practised  at  Exeter. 

HENRY  BLAKEY,  of  Lancashire  was  admitted  an  Ex- 
tra-Licentiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  Janu- 
ary, 1720-1. 

SAMUEL  TEAKE  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of 

*  Sketches  of  Imposture,  Deception,  and  Credulity.  2nd  ed. 
Lond.  1840.  p.  142. 


1721]     ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.         77 

the  College  of  Physicians  21st  February,  1720-1.     He 
practised  in  Sussex. 

EDWARD  STROTHER,  M.D. — A  Northumbrian,  and  a 
doctor  of  medicine  of  Utrecht  of  8th  May,  1720  (D.M.I, 
de  Yi  Cordis  Mo  trice  4to.  Traj.  ad  Rhenam,  1720)  ;  was 
admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  3rd 
April,  1721.  He  died  13th  April,  1737,  and  was  the 
author  of 

An  Essay  on  Fevers.     8vo.  Lond.  1716. 

Euodia;  or  a  Discourse  of  Causes  and  Cures.     8vo.  Lond.  1718. 

Pharmacopoeia  Practica,  sive  Praescriptorum  Syndrome.  12mo. 
Lond.  1719. 

Experienced  Measures  how  to  manage  the  Small  Pox,  with  the 
proper  method  in  the  Plague.  8vo.  Lond.  1721. 

Upon  the  Engraftment  of  the  Small  Pox.     8vo.  Lond.  1722. 

An  Essay  on  Sickness  and  Health.     8vo.  Lond.  1725. 

Materia  Medica;  or,  a  New  Description  of  the  Virtues  and 
Effects  of  Drugs  and  Simple  Medicines  now  in  use.  Translated 
from  the  Latin  of  P.  Harman.  2  vols.  8vo.  Lond.  1727. 

Practical  Observations  on  the  Epidemical  Fever  :  added  is  a  re- 
markable History  of  a  Spotted  Fever.  8vo.  Lond.  1729. 

Praslectiones  Pharmacomathicae  et  Medico-practicae ;  or,  Lectures 
on  the  Rationale  of  Medicines.  2  vols.  8vo.  Lond.  1732. 

JOHN  PURCELL,  M.D. — A  native  of  Shropshire,  and 
a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Montpelier,  of  29th  May,  1699  ; 
was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
3rd  April,  1721.  He  died  19th  December,  1730,  and 
was  the  author  of 

A  Treatise -of  Vapours  or  Hysterick  Fits.     8vo.  Lond.  1707. 
A  Treatise  of  the  Cholick.     8vo.  Lond.  1714 

GEORGE  LOCK  was  the  son  of  Mr.  William  Lock, 
bailiff  of  the  duke  of  Somerset,  the  then  owner  of 
Alnwick  Castle.  He  was  born  at  Alnwick,  and  bap- 
tised there  19th  September,  1693.  He  was  admitted 
an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  15th 
May,  1721,  and  practised  in  his  native  town. 

JAMES  DOUGLAS,  M.D. — This  excellent  anatomist  was 
born  in  Scotland  in  1675  ;  but  of  his  general  or  profes- 


7S  ROLL  OF   THE  [1721 

sional  education  little  is  known.  He  settled  in  London 
in  the  early  part  of  the  18th  century,  and  speedily  at- 
tained to  high  reputation  as  an  anatomist  and  obste- 
trician. He  obtained  his  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine 
at  the  university  of  Rheims  ;  and  was  admitted  an  Hono- 
rary Fellow  of  the  College  of  Physicians  26th  June,  1721. 
He  had  been  admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Eoyal  Society, 
4th  December,  1706,  and  contributed  many  important 
papers  to  the  "  Philosophical  Transactions."  Cheselden, 
in  the  preface  to  his  "  Anatomy  of  the  Human  Body," 
acknowledges  his  obligations  to  our  physician ;  and 
HaUer,  who  visited  him  in  London,  speaks  in  praise  of 
his  works  and  anatomical  preparations.  Dr.  Douglas 
was  one  of  the  first  to  demonstrate,  from  the  anatomy 
of  the  parts,  that  the  high  operation  for  stone  might  be 
safely  performed.  He  died  at  his  house  in  Red  Lion- 
square  in  April,  1742,  and  was  buried  at  St.  Andrew's, 
Holborn,  on  the  9th.  "Vir  eruditus  et  solers,"  writes 
Haller,*  "  diligentissimus  incisor,  cujus  benignum  ani- 
mum  juvenis  expertus,  senex  laudo."  In  addition  to 
his  reputation  as  an  anatomist,  and  his  practical  skill  as 
an  accoucheur,  he  had  the  character  of  an  accomplished 
botanist,  and  of  a  man  of  great  literary  information. 
Pope  mentions  him  in  the  Dunciad  thus  : — 

"  To  prove  me,  Goddess  !  clear  of  all  design, 
Sid  me  with  Pollio  sup,  as  well  as  dine : 
There  all  the  learn'd  shall  at  the  labour  stand 
And  Douglas  lend  his  soft  obstetric  hand." 

In  his  note  to  this  passage,  Pope  describes  Dr.  Douglas 
as  a  physician  of  great  learning  and  no  less  taste  ;  above 
all,  curious  in  what  related  to  Horace,  of  whom  he  col- 
lected every  edition,  translation,  and  comment,  to  the 
number  of  several  hundred  volumes.  Dr.  Douglas 
was,  perhaps,  unduly  sensitive,  and  was  certainly,  in 
some  instances,  a  peevish  and  captious  critic.  The  fol- 
lowing is  (I  believe)  a  complete  list  of  his  published 
works  : — 

*  Bibliotheca  Anatomica,  vol.  ii,  p.  31. 


1721]     ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.         79 

Myographise  Comparatse  Specimen  ;  or  a  Comparative  Descrip- 
tion of  all  the  Muscles  in  a  Man  and  in  a  Quadruped ;  added  is  an 
Account  of  the  Muscles  peculiar  to  a  Woman.  8vo.  Lond.  1707. 

This  work,  "  egregius  labor,  etsi  juventutis  opus/'  says 
Haller,  was  translated  into  Latin  by  J.  F.  Schrieber, 
and  published  at  Leyden  in  1729.  A  second  edition  of 
the  original  appeared  at  Edinburgh  in  1750,  and  a  third 
in  1763. 

Bibliographise  Anatomicae  Specimen,  sive  Catalogus  omnium  pene 
Auctorum  qni  ab  Hippocrate  ad  Harveium,  rem  Anatomicam  ex 
professo  vel  obiter  scriptis  iJlustrarunt,  Opera  singulorum  etlnventa 
juxta  temporum  seriem  complectens.  8vo.  Lond.  1715. 

The  History  of  the  Lateral  Operation  for  the  Stone.  4to.  Lond. 
1726.  Reprinted  in  1731,  with  an  Appendix,  containing  Mr.  Chesel- 
den's  present  method. 

An  Advertisement  occasioned  by  some  passages  in  Sir  R.  Man- 
ningham's  Diary,  lately  published.  8vo.  Lond.  1726. 

A  Description  of  the  Peritoneum,  and  of  the  Membrana  Cellularis, 
which  is  on  its  outside.  4to.  Lond.  1730. 

Lilium  Sarniense ;  or  a  Description  of  the  Guernsey  Lily ;  to 
which  is  added  the  Botanical  Dissection  of  the  Coffee  Berry.  Folio. 
Lond.  1725. 

EGBERT  TAYLOR,  A.M. — A  master  of  arts  of  Glas- 
gow, practising  at  Boroughbridge,  in  Yorkshire ;  was 
admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physi- 
cians 26th  June,  1721. 

THOMAS  LOVELL,  of  Plymouth,  was  admitted  an 
Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  25th  September,  1721. 

THOMAS  DOVER,  M.B. — This  extraordinary  character 
was  a  native  of  Warwickshire,  and  a  bachelor  of  medi- 
cine of  Cambridge  of  1687."*  He  was  an  acquaintance 
and  friend,  probably  a  pupil,  of  the  great  Sydenham,  in 
whose  house  he  resided.  After  taking  his  degree  he 
settled  at  Bristol,  and,  having  made  money  there,  joined 
with  some  merchants  of  that  city  in  fitting  out  two 

*  So  I  was  informed  by  the  late  Mr.  C.  H.  Cooper,  the  learned 
author  of  the  Athense  Cantabrigienses.  The  degree  is  not  given  in 
the  Graduati  Cantabrig. 


80  ROLL  OF   THE 

privateers  for  the  South  Seas,  in  one  of  which,  the 
"Duke,"  he  himself  sailed  from  Bristol  2nd  August,  1708. 
On  the  passage  out  they  touched  at  the  island  of  Juan 
Fernandez,  where  Dover,  on  the  2nd  February,  1708-9, 
found  Alexander  Selkirk,  who  had  been  alone  on  the 
island  for  four  years  and  four  months,  and  whom  Dover 
brought  away  in  the  "  Duke."  In  the  April  following 
Dover  took  Guiaquil,  a  city  or  town  of  Peru,  by  storm. 
In  December,  1709,  the  two  privateers  took  a  large 
and  valuable  prize — a  ship  of  20  guns  and  190  men — 
into  which  Dover  removed  from  the  "  Duke,"  taking 
Alexander  Selkirk  with  him  as  master,  and  finally  reach- 
ing England  in  October,  1711.*  On  Dover's  return  to 
England  he  resumed  practice  at  Bristol,  and  from  the 
number  of  patients  he  says  he  visited  each  day  during  an 
epidemic  fever,  must  have  obtained  the  confidence  of 
the  inhabitants  of  that  city.  Sometime  about  1721  he 
settled  in  London  ;  and  on  the  30th  September  of  that 
year  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Phy- 
sicians. He  resided  in  Cecil-street,  Strand,  where  he 
continued  for  some  years,  but  in  the  latter  part  of  1728 
he  returned  to  Gloucestershire  (to  what  part  is  not 
stated  in  his  work),  and  there  remained  for  four  or  five 
years,  when  he  finally  settled  in  London,  and  fixed  his 
abode  in  Lombard-street,  but  attended  regularly  at  the 
Jerusalem  coffee-house,  to  which  he  had  his  letters  ad- 
dressed, and  where  he  would  seem  to  have  received  most 
of  his  patients.  In  1 7  3  6  he  moved  westward,  to  Arundel- 
street,  Strand,  where  he  probably  died  in  the  latter  part 
of  1741,  or  beginning  of  1742,  as  his  name  disappears 
from  the  College  list  of  the  last-named  year.  His 
"  Ancient  Physician's  Legacy  to  his  Country"  is  well 
known.  It  was  a  work  very  popular  out  of  the  pro- 
fession, and  in  the  course  of  a  few  years  ran  through  a 
large  number  of  editions.  To  Dr.  Dover  we  are  indebted 

*  A  Cruising  Voyage  round  the  World.  First  to  the  South  Sea, 
thence  to  the  East  Indies,  and  homewards  by  the  Cape  of  Good 
Hope;  begun  in  1708  and  finished  in  1711.  By  Captain  Woodes 
Rogers.  2nd  Edition.  8vo.  Lond.  1718. 


1721]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.         81 

for  the  valuable  powder  of  opium   and  ipecacuanha,      <^ 
which  is  still  known  by  his  name. 

EDWARD  BROWNE,  M.D. — A  native  of  Limerick,  and 
a  doctor  of  medicine  of  the  university  of  Caen  in  Nor- 
mandy, of  1st  April,  1712  ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate 
of  the  College  of  Physicians  10th  November,  1721.  He 
died  in  1750. 

MEYER  Low  SCHOMBERG,  M.D. — "  A  Jew  of  Fetz- 
burg,  a  German,"  as  he  is  described  in  the  Annals,  and 
a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Geisseii,  of  21st  December, 
1710 ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Phy- 
sicians 19th  March,  1721-2.  At  that  time  he  was  in 
very  reduced  circumstances ;  his  pecuniary  resources 
were  insufficient  to  meet  the  fees  due  on  his  admission, 
and  the  College  considerately  accepted  his  bond*  for 
payment  at  a  subsequent  period.  Cultivating  an  in- 
timacy with  the  Jews  of  Duke's-place,  he,  by  their 
means,  got  introduced  to  the  acquaintance  of  some  of 
the  leading  men,  merchants,  and  others  of  their  religion, 
who  employed  him,  and  by  their  interest  recommended 
him  to  a  good  practice.  He  had  been  librarian  to  some 
person  of  distinction  abroad,  was  a  fluent  talker,  and  a 
man  of  insinuating  address  ;  and  as  he  understood  man- 
kind well,  he  soon  found  out  a  method  of  acquiring 
popularity,  which  had  never  been  practised  by  any  of 
his  profession.  He  took  a  large  house  and  kept  a  public 
table,  to  which,  on  a  certain  day  in  the  week,  all  the 
young  surgeons  were  invited  and  treated  with  an  indis- 
criminate civility,  that  had  very  much  the  appearance 
of  friendship,  but  in  reality  meant  nothing  more  than 
that  they  should  recommend  him  to  practice.  The 
scheme  succeeded  :  in  the  year  1 740  Schomberg,  it  is 
said,  had  distanced  all  the  city  physicians,  and  was  in 
the  receipt  of  a  professional  income  of  four  thousand 

*  His  bond  to  the  College,  now  before  me,  is  signed  Meyer  Scham- 
berg ;  and  so  his  name  is  always  spelt  by  Sir  William  Browne  in 
his  publications  concerning  him. 

VOL.  II.  G 


82  ROLL   OF   THE  [1722 

guineas  a  year.  Dr.  Schomberg  died  4th  March,  1761, 
leaving  two  sons,  who  were  bred  physicians :  Isaac, 
memorable  for  his  contest  with  the  College  of  Physi- 
cians, to  be  afterwards  mentioned ;  and  Ralph,  who 
practised  successively  at  Yarmouth  and  Bath.  Dr.  Ralph 
Schomberg  was  a  voluminous  writer,  the  author  of 
"  Aphorismi  Practici,"  and  of  the  "  Abridgment  of  Van 
Swieten's  Commentaries  on  Boerhaave."  His  character 
was  damaged  by  some  disgraceful  literary  thefts,  and 
by  some  money  transactions  of  no  reputable  character. 
Eventually  he  relinquished  the  practice  of  his  profes- 
sion, and  retired  first  to  Pangbourne,  and  afterwards  to 
Reading,  where  he  died  29th  June,  1792. 

ISAAC  DE  SEQUEYRA  SAMUDA,  M.B. — A  Portuguese, 
and  a  bachelor  of  medicine  of  the  university  of  Coim- 
bra,  of  21st  May,  1702  ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  19th  March,  1721-2.  He 
was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society,  24th  Octo- 
ber, 1724.  His  name  disappeared  from  the  College  list 
in  1731. 

EDWARD  KYN ASTON  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  7th  September,  1722. 
He  practised  in  Shropshire. 

DANIEL  WYNTER  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate 
of  the  College  24th  November,  1722.  He  practised  in 
Brecknockshire. 

MUSSHEY  TEALE,  M.B.,  was  a  native  of  Middlesex. 
Admitted  a  pensioner  of  Queen's  college,  Cambridge, 
llth  October,  1715  ;  he,  in  October,  1719,  proceeded  to 
Leyden,  and  entered  himself  on  the  physic  line  there. 
Returning  to  England,  he  graduated  bachelor  of  medicine 
at  Cambridge  in  1722.  He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate 
of  the  College  of  Physicians  22nd  December,  1722.  Dr. 
Teale  practised  during  the  greater  portion  of  his  life  in 
the  country,  latterly  at  Maidstone,  and  died  the  6th 


1723]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  83 

June,  1760.  He  had  married  Mary,  daughter  of  George 
Poole,  esq.,  of  Charing,  co.  Kent,  in  the  church  of  which 
parish  they  were  both  buried.  The  memorial  of  them  is 
as  follows : — 

Jfear  this  place  lyeth 

Mary,  the  wife  of  Musshey  Teale,  Doctor  of  Physic, 
youngest  daughter  of  George  Poole,  esq.,  of  this  place, 

a  person  truly  eminent  for  her  great  piety, 

good  understanding,  and  charitable  disposition. 

She  died  lamented  October  30th,  1752. 

Here  lies  likewise  her  husband, 

Dr.  Musshey  Teale,  of  Maidstone, 

who  died  the  6th  of  June,  1760. 

Great  names  which  in  our  rolls  recorded  stand, 

Lend  honors  and  protect  the  learned  band ; 

But  here  the  grateful  Muse,  to  merit  due, 

Has  but  one  generous  thought  in  view, 

By  the  deceased's  unblemished  worth  to  prove, 

As  social  virtue  all  the  world  approve ; 

While  truth  and  honour  both  conjoin  their  seal, 

And  center' d  sense  and  virtue  in  the  breast  of  Teale. 

THOMAS  BAINBRIGG,  M.D. — A  native  of  Cambridge- 
shire and  a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Cambridge  (Comitiis 
Regiis)  1717  ;  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College 
of  Physicians  19th  March,  1721-2,  and  a  Fellow  8th 
April,  1723.  He  was  Censor  in  1728,  and  died  26th 
December,  1729,  aged  forty- two. 

CHRISTOPHER  PACKE,  M.D.,  was  born  at  St.  Alban's 
in  1682,  and  educated  at  Merchant  Taylors'  school. 
He  was  created  doctor  of  medicine  at  Cambridge 
(Comitiis  E-egiis)  1717.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate 
of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1723  ;  and, 
settling  at  Canterbury,  practised  there  with  much 
reputation  for  more  than  a  quarter  of  a  century.  Dr. 
Packe  died  15th  November,  1749,  and  was  buried  in 
the  church  of  St.  Mary  Magdalene,  Canterbury,  in  the 
south  aisle  of  which  is  a  floor  stone  engraved  with  his 
name  and  the  date  of  his  death.  His  son,  of  both  his 
names,  was  also  a  physician,  and  practised  at  Canter- 
bury. He  was  of  Peterhouse,  Cambridge,  M.B.  1751, 

G  2 


84  ROLL   OF   THE  [1723 

and  dying  21st  October,  1800,  aged  seventy-two,  was 
buried  in  the  same  vault  as  his  father,  and  is  com- 
memorated on  the  same  slab.  Dr.  Packe  the  elder  was 
the  author  of — 

A  Reply  to  Dr.  Gray's  Three  Answers  to  Mr.  Worger's  Case. 
4to.  Canterbury,  1727. 

MESSENUER  MONSEY,  A.B.,  was  born  in  1693,  and 
was  the  son  of  the  Rev.  Robert  Monsey,  one  of  the 
non-juring  clergy,  by  his  wife  Mary,  a  daughter  of  the 
Rev.  Roger  Clopton,  rector  of  Downham.  After  an 
excellent  education  at  home,  he  was  sent  to  Pembroke 
college,  Cambridge,  as  a  member  of  which  he  proceeded 
bachelor  of  arts  in  1714,  and  then  removed  to  Norwich, 
where  for  some  time  he  studied  physic  under  Sir  Ben- 
jamin Wrench,  M.D.  He  was  admitted  an  Extra- 
Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  September, 
1723.  He  settled  at  Bury  St.  Edmund's,  and  whilst 
there  was  called  to  the  assistance  of  lord  Godolphin, 
the  son  of  queen  Anne's  lord  treasurer,  and  grandson  of 
the  great  duke  of  Maryborough,  who  had  been  seized 
on  his  way  to  Newmarket  with  an  attack  of  apoplexy. 
The  nearest  medical  aid  was  at  Bury,  and  Mousey  was 
summoned.  He  was  successful  in  the  treatment  of  his 
lordship,  who  was  so  fascinated  with  the  conversational 
powers  of  his  Suffolk  doctor,  that  he  invited  him  to 
London  ;  and  eventually  inducing  him  to  relinquish  his 
country  practice,  and  accompany  him  to  town,  obtained 
for  him,  on  the  death  of  Dr.  Smart,  the  appointment  of 
physician  to  Chelsea  hospital.  Lord  Godolphin  intro- 
duced Monsey  to  many  persons  of  great  eminence  and 
rank,  among  others  to  sir  Robert  Walpole,  who  assidu- 
ously cultivated  his  acquaintance  ;  and  the  earl  of  Ches- 
terfield, who  acknowledged  with  gratitude  the  benefit 
he  derived  from  Monsey's  medical  assistance.  Dr.  Mon- 
sey continued  in  his  office  at  Chelsea  for  half  a  century, 
and  died  at  his  apartments  in  the  hospital  in  1788, 
aged  ninety-six. 

Of  this  eccentric  man  Mr.  Wadd  writes  thus  : — "  A 


.1723]  ROYAL  COLLEGE   OF  PHYSICIANS.  85 

medical  oddity,  with  a  considerable  share  of  mental 
acuteness  and  literary  endowments.  He  began  business 
at  Bury,  where  he  experienced  the  common  fate  of 
country  practice — constant  fatigue,  long  journeys,  and 
short  fees ;  and  in  a  rusty  wig,  dirty  boots,  and  leather 
breeches,  might  have  degenerated  into  a  hum-drum  pro- 
vincial doctor,  his  merits  not  diffused  beyond  a  county 
chronicle,  and  his  medical  errors  concealed  in  the  country 
churchyard — but  for  an  accidental  attendance  on  the 
earl  of  Godolphin,  in  which  nature,  or  Monsey,  was  suc- 
cessful ;  and  the  grateful  earl  procured  for  him  the  ap- 
pointment at  Chelsea,  and  ultimately  left  him  a  hand- 
some legacy.  From  the  narrow,  unvaried  rural  circle 
he  was  suddenly  transplanted  into  a  land  of  promise 
and  politeness,  with  the  earls  of  Chesterfield  and  Bath, 
sir  Robert  Walpole,  and  Garrick,  as  his  companions  and 
friends.  Even  in  such  society  Monsey  maintained  his 
original  plainness  of  manners,  and  with  an  unreserved 
sincerity  sometimes  spoke  truth  in  a  manner  that  gave 
offence  ;  and  as  old  age  approached,  he  acquired  an 
asperity  of  behaviour  and  a  neglect  of  decorum  that 
subjected  him  to  the  odium  of  being  considered  as  a 
cynic  and  misanthropist.  As  a  physician  he  adhered  to 
the  tenets  of  theBoerhaavian  school,  and  despised  modern 
improvements  in  theory  and  practice,  uniformly  pre- 
scribing contrayerva  and  ptisan,  and  adhering  to  rules 
and  systems  merely  because  they  were  sanctioned  by 
sixty  years'  experience.  In  his  politics  he  was  a  Whig, 
in  his  religion  a  latitudinarian.  But  unfortunately, 
when  he  shook  off  the  manacles  of  superstition,  he  fell 
into  the  comfortless  bigotry  of  scepticism,  which,  like 
religious  bigotry,  narrows  the  intellect  and  hardens  the 
heart.  He  left  his  body  for  dissection  ;  and  a  few  days 
before  he  .died  wrote  to  Mr.  Cruikshanks,  the  anatomist, 
begging  to  know  whether  it  would  suit  his  convenience 
to  do  it,  as  he  felt  he  could  not  live  many  hours,  and 
Mr.  Forster,  his  surgeon,  was  then  out  of  town.  He 
died  as  he  predicted,  and  his  wishes  with  respect  to  his 
body  were  strictly  attended  to."  A  very  fine  portrait 


86  BOLL  OF   THE  [1724 

of  Monsey  has  been  presented  to  the  College  within  a 
few  weeks,  by  Mr.  Frederick  Walford,  of  Bolton-street, 
Piccadilly.  Monsey's  portrait  when  over  ninety  years  of 
age,  was  engraved  by  Bromley,  from  a  sketch  by 
Forster. 

CALEB  HTLL  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  4th  November,  1723.  He 
practised  at  Ludlow. 

JAMES  ELDERTON  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate 
of  the  College  of  Physicians  3rd  Ma.rch,  1723-4.  He 
practised  at  Salisbury. 

THOMAS  LEIGH,  of  Farnham,  Surrey,  was  admitted 
an  Extra-Licentiate  17th  March,  1723-4. 

WILLIAM  HUSSEY,  of  Bourne,  in  Lincolnshire,  was 
admitted  an  Extra- Licentiate  of  the  College  20th  April, 
1724. 

JOHN  BADCLIFFE,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Middlesex,  and 
educated  at  St.  John's  college,  Oxford,  as  a  member  of 
which  house  he  proceeded  A.B.  2nd  June,  1711  ;  A.M. 
23rd  April,  1714  ;  when,  accumulating  his  degrees  in 
physic,  he  proceeded  M.D.  30th  June,  1721.  He  was 
admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th 
June,  1723  ;  and  a  Fellow  25th  June,  1724.  He  died 
the  16th  August,  1729.  Dr.  Eadcliffe  was  one  of  the 
physicians  to  St.  Bartholomew's  hospital,  and  in  the 
records  of  that  institution,  on  the  occasion  of  his  death, 
he  is  described  as  "  a  gentleman  of  excellent  parts  and 
sound  learning,  whose  only  crime  was  his  singular  mo- 
desty, which  hindered  him  from  being  an  ornament  to 
his  profession."* 

JOHN  DIODATI,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Middlesex ;  and 
as  a  member  of  Baliol  college,  Oxford,  proceeded  A.M. 

*  British  Medical  Journal,  23rd  October,  1875,  p.  527. 


1724]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  87 

16th  June,  1715;  M.B.  10th  July,  1718;  and  M.D. 
9th  July,  1722.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1723;  and  a  Fellow 
25th  June,  1724.  Dr.  Diodati  was  admitted  a  fellow 
of  the  Royal  Society  10th  December,  1724.  He  was 
Censor  in  1726  ;  but  dying  23rd  May,  1727,  during  his 
year  of  office,  was  succeeded,  on  the  26th  June,  1727, 
by  Dr.  Bouchier. 

RICHARD  WRIGHT  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate 
of  the  College  25th  September,  1724.  He  practised  at 
Sherbourne,  co.  Dorset. 

WILLIAM  CHAMBERS,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Hull,  and 
educated  under  Boerhaave  at  Leyden.  He  was  entered 
on  the  physic  line  there  24th  September,  1721,  being 
then  twenty-two  years  of  age,  and  in  due  course  took 
his  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine.  He  was  admitted  an 
Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  8th  Oc- 
tober, 1724  ;  and  then  settled  in  his  native  town,  Hull, 
where,  having  practised  with  the  most  distinguished 
reputation  and  success  for  more  than  half  a  century,  be 
died  on  the  8th  July,  1785,  in  the  eighty-sixth  year  of 
his  age.  "  He  had  been  brought  up  in  infancy  with  all 
the  respectable  part  of  the  town  of  his  own  age,  and  had 
attended  in  infancy  almost  all  the  juniors ;  hence  he 
was  long  considered  not  only  as  the  physician,  but  the 
friend  of  all  the  best  families  in  the  town.  He  had  out- 
lived a  variety  of  competitors,  and  was  now  yielding 
from  the  influence  of  opinion  to  others,  who  saw  him 
failing  from  age  and  imbecility  of  body,  though  his 
mind  was  as  strong  as  ever.  He  did  not  live  to  see,  or 
rather  did  not  adopt  the  nomenclature  or  nosology  of 
Dr.  Cullen,  just  then  coming  into  general  vogue,  and  he 
could  not  bear  to  hear  of  a  Scotch  diploma.  Dr.  Cham- 
bers frequently  returned  one-half  of  the  money  which 
his  patients  thought  he  had  deserved,  but  which  he 
thought  they  were  imprudent  in  giving.  A  gentleman 


88  ROLL   OF   THE  [1724 

assured  me*  that  he  had  often  been  obliged  to  take 
back  a  part  of  what  he  had  presented  him  withal ;  and 
on  some  occasions  he  had  found  it  necessary  to  give  him 
a  larger  sum  than  usual,  in  order  that  he  might  accept 
a  portion  back  again."  No  wonder  that  under  these 
circumstances  he  died  poor. 

Dr.  Chambers  was  buried  in  the  church  of  the  Holy 
Trinity,  Hull,  where  a  monument  to  his  memory  bears 
the  following  inscription  : — 

"  Within  the  adjacent  vault 
are  deposited  the  remains  of 

WILLIAM  CHAMBERS,  M.D., 

who,  after  sixty  years'  extensive  and  disinterested  practice, 
concluded  a  beneficial  life  the  8th  day  of  July,  1785, 

in  the  86th  year  of  his  age. 

By  his  wife,  Ellen,  daughter  of  Richard  Bagshaw, 
of  the  Oakes,  in  the  county  of  Derby,  esquire, 

he  had  eleven  children, 
nine  of  whom  are  interred  in  the  same  vault  with  their  parents." 

ISAAC  GILLING  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of 
the  College  8th  October,  1724.  He  practised  at  Exeter, 
and  was  the  intimate  friend  of  Dr.  Musgrave,  of  that 
city,  the  well-known  antiquary,  to  whom  he  rendered 
important  assistance  in  the  preparation  of  his  great 
work,  the  Antiquitates  Britanno-BelgicaB. 

JAMES  CAMPBELL,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine  of 
St.  Andrew's  of  1712  (4  Calend.  Februar.)  He  was 
admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  1st  December, 
1718,  and  an  Honorary  Fellow  of  the  College  of  Physi- 
cians 9th  November,  1724.  On  the  2nd  May,  1727, 
he  was  elected  an  honorary  member  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  of  Edinburgh.  He  died  21st  January, 
1732—3,  being  then  physician  in  ordinary  to  the  king 
for  Scotland. 

*  For  these  particulars  I  am  indebted  to  Sir  James  Alderson, 
who  has  obliged  me  with  this  and  other  extracts  from  a  MS.  by 
his  father,  Dr.  John  Alderson,  formerly  of  Hall,  containing  a  series 
of  very  interesting  sketches  of  his  contemporaries. 


1724-5]        ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  89 

WILLIAM  WASEY,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Norfolk,  and 
educated  at  Cams  college,  Cambridge.  As  a  member 
of  that  house  he  proceeded  A.B.  1712,  A.M.  1716,  and 
then  proceeding  to  Ley  den  was  on  the  1st  October, 
1716,  entered  on  the  physic  line  there.  Returning  to 
England,  he  graduated  M.D.  at  Cambridge  in  1723  ; 
was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
23rd  December,  1723  ;  and  a  Fellow  22nd  December, 
1724.  He  was  Censor  in  1731, 1736,  1739,  1748  ;  was 
named  an  Elect  30th  August,  1746  ;  and  was  Con- 
siliarius  in  1749  and  1754.  On  the  death  of  Dr.  Jurin 
he  was  elected  President  (2  April,  1750) ;  and  was  re- 
appointed  in  1750,  1751,  1752,  and  1753.  Dr.  Wasey 
was  chosen  physician  to  the  Westminster  hospital,  at 
its  establishment  in  1719,  but  resigned  his  office  there 
in  1733,  having  been  one  of  the  six  physicians  appointed 
to  St.  George's  hospital  at  the  first  general  board  held 
19th  October,  1733.  He  died  in  April,  1757,  aged 
sixty-two  ;  and  his  library  was  sold  by  auction  the 
same  year  by  Davis,  Lockyer,  and  Reymers. 

NOEL  BROXOLME,  M.D.,  was  born  in  the  county  of 
Rutland  in  1686.  He  was  admitted  a  King's  scholar 
at  Westminster  in  1700  ;  and  in  1705  was  elected  to 
Christchurch,  Oxford,  as  a  member  of  which  he  pro- 
ceeded A.B.  20th  May,  1709  ;  A.M.  18th  April,  1711. 
In  1715  he  was  elected  to  one  of  the  first  of  the  Rad- 
cliffe  travelling  fellowships ;  and  accumulating  his  de- 
grees in  physic,  proceeded  M.D.  8th  July,  1723.  Dr. 
Broxolme  then  settled  in  London ;  was  admitted  a 
Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  23rd  December, 
1723  ;  and  a  Fellow  22nd  March,  1724-5.  He  served 
the  office  of  Censor  in  1726  ;  and  delivered  the  Har- 
veian  Oration  in  1731.  He  was  appointed  one  of  the 
physicians  to  St.  George's  hospital  in  1733  ;  and  in  the 
following  year  physician  to  the  prince  of  Wales,  with 
salary  annexed.  Dr.  Broxolme  died  at  Hampton 
Court  by  his  own  hand,  8th  July,  1748.'"  By  his  will 

*  "Alamrmm  alterum  eumque  dulcissimum  paulo  ante  Freindi 


90  ROLL   OF   THE  [1724-5 

he  bequeathed  a  legacy  of  5QOL  for  the  benefit  of  four 
of  the  King's  scholars  at  Westminster,  on  their  election 
to  the  universities. 

RALPH  BOUCHIER,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Yorkshire,  and 
was  the  fourth  son  of  sir  Barrington  Bouchier,  knt.,  of 
Benningborough,  in  that  county,  by  his  wife  Margaret, 
daughter  of  Thomas  Hardwicke,  esq.  He  was  educated 
at  Trinity  college,  Cambridge;  proceeded  M.B.  1711; 
M.D.  1717  ;  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College 
of  Physicians  30th  March,  1724,  and  a  Fellow  22nd 
March,  1724-5.  He  was  Censor  in  1727,  1737,  1740, 
1748  ;  and  delivered  the  Harveian  Oration  in  1732. 
Dr.  Bouchier,  in  December,  1736,  married  Barbara, 
daughter  of  sir  Richard  Musgrave,  of  Ashby,  co.  West- 

obitum  in  Collegium  nostrum  miserat  Oxonium :  Medicum  dum 
vixifc,  Medicis  carum  ;  dum  medicinam  exercuit,  eegrotis  carissimum. 
Broxholmio  enim  Ingenii  benigna  vena  cum  tanta  morum  suavitate 
fuit  conjuncta,  ut  jure  dubitari  possit  utrum  ingenio  pra3stantior,  an 
urbanitate  fuerit  amabilior  ?  Humanitatis  studiis  ab  ineunte  setate 
imbutus ;  summorum  familiaritate  virorum  quotidie  usus  ;  mori- 
busque  variarum  nationum  penitus  perspectis,  omnium,  post  homi- 
num  memoriam,  Medicorum  pblitissimus  evaserat.  Ex  iis  qui  Bad- 
clivii  stipendia  meruere  primus  omnibus  posterioribus  et  stipendio 
ipse  fuit  ornamentum.  In  Broxholmii  quidem  inerat  consuetudine 
tain  curiosa  felicitas,  ut  plus  gratice  apud  omnes  sua  veritas  quam 
aliorum  obsequium  inveniret.  Etsi  vero  ab  isto  servili,  Medicoque 
prorsus  indigno,  quo  nonnulli  gratiam  turpissime  colligunt,  abhor- 
ruit  obsequio,  tamen  in  ilia  honesta  atque  liberali  ejus  specie  qua9 
nunqnam  deest  ingenio,  admirabile  est  quantum  ceeteris  excelluerit  ? 
qua  sane  eegrotorum  animos  leniter  mulcendo  corporibus  eorum 
facilius  medebatur.  Sed  quemadmodum  in  corporibus  nonnullis 
formosissimis  insigniores  insunt  maculse  atque  neevi,  ita  Broxholmio 
ipsi  sua  erat  infirmitas.  Periclitantibus  suis  amicis  (et  quot  curavit 
eegrotos  tot  quidem  habuit  amicos)  tanto  plerumque  dolore  obrue- 
batur,  ut  qui  mederi  anxius  optabat  propter  id  ipsum  medendo  non 
sufficerit :  ita  de  servando  segroto  supra  modum  erat  sollicitus,  ut 
morbum  propterea  oppugnaret  impotentius:  ita  denique  Amici 
muneri  implendo  erat  intentus  ut  nonnunquam  officio  deesset 
Medici.  His  agitatus  mceroribus  a  morbis  refugit  curandis  ut  mor 
borum  ipse  fieret  praeda  rapacium.  0  miseram  mortalitatis  con- 
ditionem !  quam  Broxholmii  ipsius  nee  Ingenium  nee  Fortuna 
reddere  potuerint  tolerabilem." — Oratio  Harveiana  anno  MDCCLV 
habita,  auct.  B.  Taylor. 


1724-5]        ROYAL   COLLEGE  OF   PHYSICIANS.  91 

moreland,  and  had  by  her  a  son,  Musgrave,  born  29th 
July,  1742,  who  died  before  his  father,  and  Margaret, 
born  18th  December,  1739,  who  married  Giles  Earle. 
Having  no  issue  and  no  cousins,  she  bequeathed  Ben- 
ningborough  to  the  rev.  William  Henry  Dawnay, 
grandfather  of  lord  viscount  Downe.  Dr.  Bouchier 
died  in  August,  1768. 

WILLIAM  WOOD,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Lancashire,  and 
educated  at  Trinity  college,  Dublin,  where  he  took  the 
two  degrees  in  arts.  He  removed  to  Oxford,  was  in- 
corporated on  his  master's  degree,  17th  October,  1719  ; 
and,  as  a  member  of  Queen  s  college,  proceeded  M.B. 
19th  November,  1719  ;  M.D.  5th  July,  1721.  He  was 
admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th 
March,  1724,  and  a  Fellow,  22nd  March,  1724-5.  He 
was  Censor  and  Gulstonian  lecturer  in  1727,  and  Har- 
veian  orator  in  1733.  His  name  disappears  from  the 
list  of  1739.  He  was  the  author  of 

A  Mechanical  Essay  on  the  Heart.     4to.  Lond.  1729. 

JOHN  GASPAR  SCHEUCHZER,  M.D.,  was  a  native  of 
Switzerland,  the  son  of  John  James  Scheuchzer,  M.D., 
professor  of  mathematics  at  Zurich,  and  was  born  in 
1702.  He  graduated  in  philosophy  at  Zurich  in  1722. 

CJ  L  J.          •/  * 

and  printed  his  inaugural  essay  on  that  occasion,  "  de 
Diluvio,"  4to.  He  was  created  doctor  of  medicine  at 
Cambridge  during  the  visit  of  king  George  I.  in  1728. 
Dr.  Scheuchzer  was  a  good  antiquary,  and  an  accom- 
plished medallist  and  natural  historian.  He  was  the 
protege  and  librarian  of  sir  Hans  Sloane,  and  on  the 
14th  May,  1724,  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal 
Society,  and  was  for  some  time  foreign  secretary  of  that 
learned  body.  He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  22nd  March,  1724-5  ;  and  dying 
at  the  house  of  sir  Hans  Sloane,  in  Chelsea,  in  April, 
1729,  was  buried  in  the  churchyard  there.  He  was  the 
author  of 


92  ROLL   OF   THE  [1725 

An  Account  of  the  Success  of  Inoculating  the  Small  Pox,  for  the 
years  1727-1728.  8vo.  Lond.  1729. 

Dr.  Scheuchzer  translated  Kaempfer's  History  of 
Japan  into  English  ;  and  he  has  a  good  paper  in  the 
Philosophical  Transactions  on  "  The  Method  of  Mea- 
suring the  Heights  of  Mountains."  His  portrait,  by 
J.  H.  Heidegger,  was  engraved  by  T.  Lant. 

GEORGE  HARRIS,  of  Haverfordwest,  was  admitted  an 
Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  7th  June, 
1725. 

RICHARD  HOLLAND,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  John  Hol- 
land, "  merchant  of  the  Staple,"  by  his  wife  Jane  Fowke, 
the  only  daughter  by  his  second  wife  of  Walter  Fowke, 
of  Brewood  and  Little  Wyrley,  co.  Stafford,  M.D.  He 
was  born  in  London,  and  educated  at  Catherine  hall, 
Cambridge.  He  proceeded  A.B.  1708,  A.M.  1712,  and 
M.D.  1723  ;  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College 
of  Physicians  25th  June,  1724  ;  a  Fellow,  25th  June, 
1725;  and  was  Censor  in  1728.  Dr.  Holland  was  a 
fellow  of  the  Royal  Society,  and  died  29th  October, 
1730,  aged  forty-two.  He  was  the  author  of 

Observations  on  the  Small  Pox  ;  or,  an  Essay  to  discover  a  more 
effectual  Method  of  Cure.  8vo.  Lond.  1728. 

JACOB  DE  CASTRO  SARMENTO,  M.D. — A  Portuguese 
and  a  doctor  of  medicine  of  the  university  of  Coimbra 
of  the  21st  May,  1717,  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1725.  On  the 
7th  September,  1739,  he  produced  a  diploma  under  the 
seal  of  the  university  of  Aberdeen,  dated  2nd  July,  1739, 
that  he  had  been  created  doctor  of  medicine  in  that 
university.  Dr.  Sarmento  was  a  Jew,  deeply  versed  in 
Hebrew  and  Jewish  lore,  and  had  come  to  this  country 
as  rabbi  of  his  Portuguese  brethren.  The  study  of  medi- 
cine and  of  the  natural  sciences  was  formerly  a  favourite 
pursuit  of  the  Jewish  rabbis  ;  and  from  the  time  of 
Maimonides  to  recent  periods  numerous  doctors  of 


1725-6]        ROYAL    COLLEGE    OF    PHYSICIANS.  93 

Jewish  law  were  also  doctors  of  medicine  and  practising 
physicians.  So  it  was  with  Dr.  Sarmento  ;  but  he  ab- 
jured the  faith  of  his  ancestors,  in  a  "  Letter  to  the 
Heads  of  the  Synagogue,"  printed  in  1758;  and  during 
the  later  years  of  his  life,  does  not  appear  to  have  held 
any  intercourse  with  his  former  co-religionists.  He  had 
been  admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  12th  Fe- 
bruary, 1729-30,  and  he  died  14th  September,  1762, 
aged  seventy.  His  portrait  by  Pine,  was  engraved  by 
Houston.  He  was  the  author  of 

Appendix  ao  que  se  acha  escrito  na  Materia  Medica.  8vo.  Lond. 
1757. 

Materia  Medica  physico-historico-mechanica.     4to.  Lond.  1758. 

JOHN  BIRCH,  M.D. — A  native  of  Cheshire.  On  the 
17th  August,  1714,  being  then  twenty  years  of  age,  he 
was  entered  on  the  medical  line  at  Leyden,  and  gradu- 
ated doctor  of  medicine  there  27th  April,  1716.  He  was 
admitted  an  Honorary  Fellow  of  the  College  19th  Janu- 
ary, 1725-6.  He  was  "  a  noted  man-midwife  in  Bow- 
lane,"  and  died  26th  January,  1729-30. 

RICHARD  MIDDLETON  MASSEY,  M.D.,  was  born  in 
Cheshire,  and  was  the  eldest  son  of  Edward  Massey, 
esq ,  of  Rostherne,  in  that  county,  by  his  wife  Elizabeth 
Bowles.  He  spent  some  terms  at  Brasenose  college, 
Oxford,  but  left  the  university  without  taking  a  degree. 
He  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College 
23rd  November,  1706,  and  settled  at  Wisbeach,  in 
Cambridgeshire,  where  he  practised  for  some  years  with 
great  success.  He  was  created  doctor  of  medicine  by 
the  university  of  Aberdeen,  7th  March,  1720,  when, 
leaving  Wisbeach,  he  fixed  his  abode  at  Stepney,  and 
was  admitted  an  Honorary  Fellow  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  19th  January,  1725-6.  Dr.  Massey  was 
elected  a  fellow  of  the  Society  of  Antiquaries  in  1718, 
and  acted  as  secretary  in  1725  and  1726.  He  was  ad- 
mitted a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  19th  February, 
1712.  He  compiled  and  published  "A  Catalogue  of 


94  ROLL   OF   THE  [1726 

the  Library  at  Wisbeach."  8vo.  1718.  He  also  pre- 
pared a  catalogue  of  the  library  of  the  College  of  Phy- 
sicians, and  on  the  30th  September,  1727,  was  for  his 
trouble  in  so  doing  voted  Wl.  to  buy  a  piece  of  plate. 
Eventually  he  returned  to  his  native  county,  and  dying 
at  Rostherne  29th  March,  1743,  aged  sixty-five,  was 
buried  in  the  chancel  of  the  church  there.  Over  him 
is  a  flagstone  inscribed  as  follows  : — 

Here  lieth  interred  the  body  of 

RICHARD  MIDDLETON  MASSET, 
(son  of  Edward  Massey,  of  Rostherne,  Gent.) 

M.D.  Honorary  Fellow  of  the  College  of 

Physicians,  and  Fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  of  London. 

Obiit.  29mo  Martii,  A.D.  1743. 

Dr.  Massey's  annotated  copy  of  the  Pharmacopeia 
Londinensis  is  in  the  College,  and  has  been  of  much 
assistance  to  me. 

JAMES  FIGG,  of  Guildford,  was  admitted  an  Extra- 
Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  20th  June,  1726. 

JOHN  HOLLINGS,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Shropshire,  and 
educated  at  Magdalen  college,  Cambridge,  as  a  member 
of  which  he  proceeded  M.B.  1705,  M.D.  1710.  He  was 
admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th 
June,  1725,  and  a  Fellow  25th  June,  1726.  Dr.  Hol- 
lings  was  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society,  physician- 
general  to  the  army,  and  physician  in  ordinary  to  the 
king.  He  died  10th  May,  1739,  leaving  the  character 
of  an  able  classical  scholar,  and  a  most  accomplished 
man.  His  only  publication  was  the  Harveian  oration 
for  1734,  entitled  "  Status  Humanae  Naturae  expositus 
in  Oratione  coram  Medicis  Londinensibus  habita."  4to. 
Lond.  1734. 

JONATHAN  GOULDSMITH,  M.D.,  was  the  only  son  of 
John  Gouldsmith,  of  Nantwich,  co.  Chester,  gent,  (and 
of  the  Middle  Temple),  by  his  second  wife  Elizabeth, 


172C]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  95 

eldest  daughter  of  Jonathan  Cope,  esq.  He  was  bap- 
tized at  Nantwich  8th  May,  1694,  was  matriculated  at 
Oxford  26th  February,  1711-12,  and,  as  a  member  of 
Brasenose  college,  took  the  two  degrees  in  arts,  A.B. 
13th  October,  1715,  A.M.  13th  June,  1718  ;  and  then, 
accumulating  those  in  physic,  proceeded  M.D.  llth 
June,  1724.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  25th  June,  1725,  and  a  Fellow  25th 
June,  1726.  Dr.  Gouldsmith  delivered  the  Gulstonian 
lectures  in  1728,  and  was  Censor  in  1729.  He  was 
admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  29th  January, 
1 729-30.  He  died  in  Norfolk-street,  Strand,  1 2th  April, 
1732,  and  was  buried  on  the  24th  at  St.  Clement  Danes. 
His  widow,  Elizabeth,  renounced  administration  to  his 
estate,  and  letters  were  granted  llth  May,  1732,  to  his 
sister  and  next  of  kin,  Judith,  wife  of  Walter  Stubbs, 
esq.,  of  Beckbury  hall,  co.  Salop.  Dr.  Gouldsmith's 
portrait  is  at  Beckbury  hall.  It  is  a  half  length,  and 
the  doctor  has  a  volume  of  Hippocrates  in  his  hand.* 

GEORGE  TURBERVILLE  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  22nd  July,  1726. 

i 

NICHOLAS  BRINLEY,  of  Totnes,  Devon,  was  admitted 
an  Extra- Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  22nd 
July,  1726. 

SIR  WILLIAM  BROWNE,  M.D. — Abundant  materials 
exist  for  a  lengthened  sketch  of  this  busy  and  pedantic 
physician.  His  egotism  and  garrulity  were  so  great  as 
to  rivet  the  attention  of  his  contemporaries,  many  of 
whom  have  delighted  in  recording  their  reminiscences, 
and  holding  up  the  worthy  old  knight  to  that  good- 
natured  ridicule  to  which  he  might  lay  so  fair  a  claim. 

Sir  William  Browne  was  born  in  the  county  of  Dur- 
ham in  1692,  and  was  the  son  of  a  physician.  In  1707 
he  was  entered  at  Peterhouse,  Cambridge,  where  he 
describes  himself  in  1711  as  in  his  soph's  year,  and  at- 
*  Colonel  Chester's  Collections. 


96  ROLL   OK   THE  [1726 

tentively  studying  the  Articles  of  the  Church  of  Eng- 
land. He  proceeded  A.B.  1710;  A.M.  1714;  and 
having  obtained  a  licence  ad  practicandum  from  the 
university,  settled  about  the  year  1716  at  Lynn,  in 
Norfolk,  under  the  patronage  of  the  Turner  family.  It 
was  about  this  time  that  our  physician  wrote  the  well- 
known  epigram  on  George  the  First's  handsome  present 
to  the  university  of  Cambridge.  The  circumstances 
were  as  follow.  Dr.  John  Moore,  successively  bishop  of 
Norwich  and  Ely,  one  of  the  most  learned  men  of  his 
time,  had  collected  one  of  the  best  and  most  ample  col- 
lections of  all  sorts  of  good  books  in  England.  It  com- 
prised, according  to  Noble,  28,965  printed  books  and 
1,790  manuscripts.  The  bishop  died  31st  July,  1714; 
shortly  after  which  the  king  purchased  his  library  for 
6,000^.,  and  presented  it  to  the  university  of  Cambridge. 
By  a  curious  coincidence,  a  regiment  of  cavalry  was 
despatched  to  Oxford  at  the  very  time  that  the  library 
was  removed  to  Cambridge.  The  event  was  com- 
memorated by  Dr.  Trapp  in  the  following  lines  : — 

The  king,  observing  with  judicious  eyes, 

The  state  of  both  his  universities, 

To  one  he  sent  a  regiment,  for  why  ? 

That  learned  body  wanted  loyalty  : 

To  th'  other  he  sent  books,  as  well  discerning 

How  much  that  loyal  body  wanted  learning. 

Browne,  stung  by  the  reflection  on  his  own  Alma 
Mater,  replied  thus  : 

The  king  to  Oxford  sent  a  troop  of  horse, 
For  Tories  own  no  argument  but  force ; 
With  equal  skill  to  Cambridge  books  he  sent, 
For  Whigs  admit  no  force  but  argument. 

He  took  the  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  at  Cam- 
bridge in  1721,  and  shortly  afterwards,  according  to 
his  own  statement,  got  incorporated  at  Oxford.  On 
the  1st  March,  1738-y,  he  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the 
Royal  Society.  He  practised  at  Lynn  for  more  than 
thirty  years,  and  acquired  by  his  profession  a  com- 
petent fortune,  though  even  then  he  evinced  no  small 


1726]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  97 

amount  of  eccentricity.  Upon  one  occasion,  a  pam- 
phlet having  been  written  against  him,  he  nailed  it  to 
his  own  house-door.  In  1748,  through  the  influence  of 
the  duke  of  Montague,  he  was  knighted  by  king  George 
II.  A  respectable  bookseller  at  Lynn  used  to  relate, 
that  the  first  time  he  had  to  make  out  his  bill  after 
the  doctor  had  been  dubbed  a  knight,  he  wrote,  "  Sir 
William  Browne,  debtor  to  Thomas  Hollingbury  ;"  when 
he  delivered  it  into  the  knight's  hand,  he  looked  at  it  a 
short  time,  and  then  turning  to  him  said,  "  Mr.  Hol- 
lingbury, you  might  have  said  '  the  honourable  Sir  Wil- 
liam Browne/  '  "I  beg  your  pardon,  Sir  William," 
replied  the  bookseller,  "  but  upon  my  word  I  did  not 
know  it  was  customary  to  prefix  to  the  name  of  a 
knight  the  word  honourable."  "  As  to  that,"  rejoined 
the  knight,  "if  it  be  not  customary,  it  would  yet  have 
been  pleasing."  About  the  same  period  he  distinguished 
himself  as  a  champion  of  the  fair  sex  at  Lynn,  but 
under  what  circumstances,  and  in  what  manner,  are 
now  unknown.  The  incident  led  to  the  following 
epigram,  the  product,  it  has  always  been  thought,  of 
his  own  pen  : — 

Domino  Wilhelmo  Browne,  militi. 
Sit,  Miles,  terror,  castigatorque  Grigantis, 

Victima  cui  Virgo  nocte  dieque  cadit. 
Herculeo  monstris  purgata  est  Lerna  labore, 

Monstris  purgetur  Lenna  labore  tuo. 

Be  thou,  0  knight,  the  giant's  scourge  and  dread, 
Who  night  and  day  preys  on  the  victim  maid. 

Herculean  labour  Lerna's  monsters  slew, 

Oh  !  may  thy  labours  those  of  Lynn  subdue. 

From  an  early  period  of  his  professional  career,  Sir 
William  Browne  had  contemplated  an  eventual  removal 
to  the  metropolis ;  and  with  the  view  of  securing  his 
due  position,  whenever  that  should  be  feasible,  he  pre- 
sented himself  before  the  College  of  Physicians  for 
examination,  and  was  admitted  a  Candidate  30th  Sep- 
tember, 1725,  and  a  Fellow  30th  September,  1726.  In 
1749  Sir  William  removed  to  London.  He  was  named 

\rOL.  II.  H 


98  ROLL   OF   THE  [l72( 

one  of  the  Elects  of  the  College  9th  April,  1750,  and 
delivered  the  Harveian  oration  in  1751.  He  served 
the  office  of  Censor  in  1750,  1751,  1752,  1753,  1771 
was  elected  Treasurer  3rd  December,  1751,  in  place  o1 
Dr.  Horseman  deceased ;  was  Consiliarius  in  1752 
1755,  1762  ;  and  President  in  1765  and  1766.  This 
was  a  period  of  great  excitement  in  the  College.  The 
dispute  with  the  Licentiates  was  then  at  its  height 
and  Sir  William  Browne,  a  man  of  strong  feelings,  ex- 
traordinary garrulity,  and  utterly  void  of  discretion 
was  wholly  unfit  at  such  a  crisis  to  occupy  the  presi- 
dential chair.  He  was  an  energetic  defender  of  the 
exclusive  privileges  of  the  English  universities ;  and 
in  the  contest  between  the  College  and  Dr.  Schomberg 
had  unfortunately  printed  a  pamphlet  as  ill-judged  as 
it  must  have  been  offensive  to  the  Licentiates.  These 
circumstances  brought  him  under  the  lash  of  Foote,  ir 
his  "  Devil  on  Two  Sticks."  Foote  gave  an  inimitable 
representation  of  the  Esculapian  knight  on  the  stage 
with  the  precise  counterpart  of  his  wig  and  coat  and 
odd  figure,  and  glass  stiffly  applied  to  his  eye.  Si] 
William  sent  Foote  a  card,  complimenting  him  upor 
having  so  happily  represented  him,  but,  as  he  had  for- 
gotten the  muff,  he  sent  him  his  own.  Whilst  he  filleo 
the  office  of  President,  the  Licentiates  in  a  body  forced 
their  way  into  the  College,  and  even  into  the  room 
where  the  Comitia  was  being  held.  Sir  William  main- 
tained his  composure,  and  at  once  dissolved  the  Co- 
mitia ;  but  the  affair  left  an  abiding  impression  on  him, 
and,  dreading  a  defeat  or  some  indignity,  he  determined 
to  resign  his  office,  not  choosing  as  he  was  wont  to  say. 
to  stay  to  be  beaten  by  the  Licentiates.  As  another 
opportunity  may  not  occur,  I  may  here  state  that  a 
second  attempt  was  made  the  following  year  (1767)  to 
break  into  the  College,  but  the  precaution  had  been 
taken  of  closing  the  iron  gates  which  guarded  the  en- 
trance from  Warwick-lane.  The  assembled  Licentiates 
offered  a  smith  ten  guineas  and  an  indemnification  of 
three  hundred  pounds  to  force  the  gate,  but  he  refused. 


1726]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  99 

At  this  time  the  following  lines  vindicating  Sir  Wil- 
liam against  the  abuse  and  anger  of  the  Licentiates 
became  public.  They  were  represented  as  having  been 
sent  to  him  by  an  anonymous  correspondent,  but  were 
more  probably  written  by  himself  :— 

AD  PUSCUM,  EQUITEM,  PR^SIDEM. 
HORACE,  ODE  XXII,  BOOK  1. 

Integer  vitse,  scelerisque  purus, 
Non  timet  Scoti  obloquium  neqne  iram, 
Nee  venenatis  gravidam  sagittis, 
FUSCE,  pharetram. 

Pone  te  Scotis  ubi  nulla  campis, 
Arbor  sestiva  recreatur  aura, 
Dulce  ridentem  comites  te  habebunt 
Dulce  loquentem. 

TO  BROWNE,  KNIGHT,  PRESIDENT. 

He  whose  just  life  due  honour  bears, 
Nor  Scot's  abuse  nor  anger  fears, 

Nor  his  full  loaded  quiver : 
Browne  !  let  him  try  his  treach'rous  arts 
To  wound  thee  with  his  poison' d  darts, 

Thou  shalt  retort  them  ever. 

Place  thee  in  Edin's  foulest  air, 
Which  neither  tree,  nor  nose  can  bear, 

Nor  lungs  with  pleasure  take  in ; 
Ev'n  there,  such  spirits  flow  in  thee, 
Thee  sweetly  laughing  all  shall  see, 

All  hear  thee  sweetly  speaking. 

On  quitting  the  chair,  Sir  William  Browne  delivered 
an  oration  in  Latin,  in  which  he  delineates  his  own 
character  and  history,  and  reviews  the  prominent  events 
of  his  presidency.  This  valedictory  address  was  forth- 
with published  in  Latin  and  in  English  :  from  the  latter 
I  extract  the  following  : — 

"  The  manly  age  and  inclination  with  conformable 
studies  I  diligently  applied  to  the  practice  of  physic  in 
the  country,  where,  as  that  age  adviseth,  I  sought 
riches  and  friendships  ;  but,  afterwards,  being  satiated 

H  2 


100  ROLL  OF   THE  [1726 

with  friends,  whom  truth,  not  flattery,  had  procured ; 
satiated  with  riches  which  Galen,  not  fortune,  had  pre- 
sented, I  resorted  immediately  to  this  College,  where, 
in  further  obedience  to  the  same  adviser,  I  might  to- 
tally addict  myself  to  the  service  of  honour.  Conducted 
by  your  favour  instead  of  my  own  merit,  I  have  been 
advanced  through  various  degrees  of  honour — a  most 
delightful  climax  indeed — even  to  the  very  highest  of 
all  which  the  whole  profession  of  physic  hath  to  confer. 
In  this  chair,  therefore,  twice  received  from  the  Elects 
(shewing  their  favour  to  himself,  he  confesses,  much 
more  than  to  the  College),  your  President 

Acknowledges,  that  he  has  happy  been, 
And,  now,  content  with  acting  this  sweet  scene, 
Chases  to  make  his  exit,  like  a  guest, 
Retiring  pamper'd  from  a  plenteous  feast, 

in  order  to  attach  himself  and  the  remainder  of  his  life 
no  longer,  as  before,  solely  to  the  College,  but  by  turns 
also  to  the  medicinal  springs  of  his  own  country,  al- 
though as  a  physician  never  unmindful  of  his  duty,  yet, 
after  his  own  manner,  with  hilarity  rather  than  gravity, 
to  enjoy  liberty  more  valuable  than  silver  or  gold,  as 
in  his  own  right,  because  that  of  mankind — not  without 
pride,  which  ever  ought  to  be  its  inseparable  com- 
panion, 

Now  the  free  foot  shall  dance  its  favourite  round. 

"  Behold  an  instance  of  human  ambition  not  to  be 
satiated  but  by  the  conquest  of  three,  as  it  were,  me- 
dical worlds ;  lucre  in  the  country,  honour  in  the  Col- 
lege ;  pleasure  at  medicinal  springs !  I  would,  if  it 
were  possible,  be  delightful  and  useful  to  all :  to  myself 
even  totally  and  equal ;  to  old  age,  though  old,  diame- 
trically opposite  ;  not  a  censor  and  chastiser,  but  a  com 
mender  and  encourager  of  youth.  I  would  have  mine, 
such  as  in  the  satire 

Crispus's  hoary  entertaining  age, 

Whose  wit  and  manners  mild  alike  engage. 


1726]     ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        101 

"  The  age  of  presiding,  by  the  custom  of  our  prede- 
cessors, was  generally  a  lustrum,  five  years ;  although 
our  Sloane,  now  happy,  like  another  Nestor,  lived  to  see 
three  ages,  both  as  President  and  as  man.  But  two 
years  more  than  satisfy  me  ;  for  that  each  of  the  Elects 
may  in  his  turn  hold  the  sceptre  of  prudence,  far  more 
desirable  than  power,  given  by  Caius,  which  the  law  of 
justice  and  equity  recommends, 

No  tenure  pleases  longer  than  a  year. 

"  But,  in  truth,  among  such  endearing  friendships 
with  you,  such  delightful  conversations,  such  useful 
communications  with  which  this  amiable  situation  hath 
blessed  me,  one  or  two  things,  as  is  usual,  have  hap- 
pened not  at  all  to  my  satisfaction.  One,  that,  while 
most  studious  of  peace  myself,  I  hoped  to  have  pre- 
served the  peace  of  the  College  secure  and  entire  ;  I  too 
soon  found  that  it  was  not  otherwise  to  be  sought  for 

o 

than  by  war ;  but,  even  after  our  first  adversary,  be- 
cause inconsiderable,  was  instantly  overthrown,  and  his 
head  completely  cut  off  by  the  hand  of  the  law,  yet 
from  the  same  neck,  as  if  Hydra  had  been  our  enemy, 
so  many  other  heads  broke  out,  yea,  and  with  inhuman 
violence  broke  into  this  very  senate,  like  monsters  swim- 
ming in  our  medical  sea,  whom  [  beheld  with  unwilling, 
indeed,  but  with  dry  or  rather  fixed  eyes,  because  not 
suspecting  the  least  mischief  from  thence  to  the  College, 
and  therefore  laughing,  so  far  from  fearing.  The  other, 
in  reality,  never  enough  to  be  lamented,  that  while  I 
flattered  myself  with  having  by  my  whole  power  of  per- 
suasion, in  the  room  of  Orphaean  music,  raised  the 
Croonian  medical  lecture  as  it  were  from  the  shades  into 
day,  if  there  could  be  any  faith  in  solemn  promises,  that 
faith  being  to  my  very  great  wonder  violated,  this  lec- 
ture, like  another  Eurydice,  perhaps  looked  after  by  me 
too  hastily,  beloved  by  me  too  desperately,  instantly 
slipped  back  again,  and  fled  indignant  to  the  shades 
below." 

As  soon  as  he  was  out  of  office,  Sir  William  started 


102  ROLL  OF  THE  [1726 

on  his  visit  to  the  springs.  Whilst  at  Bath  he  paid  a 
visit  to  bishop  Warburton  at  Prior  park.  The  learned 
prelate  has  drawn  the  following  inimitable  portrait  of 
him  in  a  letter  to  Dr.  Hurd,  dated  18th  November, 
1767:  "When  you  see  Dr.  Heberden,  pray  commu- 
nicate to  him  an  unexpected  honour  I  have  lately  re- 
ceived. The  other  day,  word  was  brought  me  from 
below  that  one  Sir  William  Browne  sent  up  his  name, 
and  would  be  glad  to  kiss  my  hand.  I  judged  it  to  be 
the  famous  physician,  whom  1  had  never  seen,  nor  had 
the  honour  to  know.  When  I  came  down  into  the 
drawing-room,  I  was  accosted  by  a  little  well-fed  gen- 
tleman, with  a  large  muff  in  one  hand,  a  small  "Horace" 
open  in  the  other,  and  a  spying-glass  dangling  in  a 
black  ribbon  at  his  button.  After  the  first  salutation, 
he  informed  me  that  his  visit  was  indeed  to  me,  but 
principally  and  in  the  first  place  to  Prior  park,  which 
had  so  inviting  a  prospect  from  below ;  and  he  did  not 
doubt  but,  on  examination,  it  would  sufficiently  repay 
the  trouble  he  had  given  himself  of  coming  up  to  it  on 
foot.  We  then  took  our  chairs,  and  the  first  thing  he 
did  or  said,  was  to  propound  a  doubt  to  me  concerning 
a  passage  in  Horace,  which  all  this  time  he  had  still 
open  in  his  hand.  Before  I  could  answer,  he  gave  me 
the  solution  of  this  long  misunderstood  passage,  and  in 
support  of  his  explanation  had  the  charity  to  repeat  his 
own  paraphrase  of  it  in  English  verse,  just  come  hot,  as 
he  said,  from  the  brain.  When  this  and  chocolate  were 
over,  having  seen  all  he  wanted  of  me,  he  desired  to 
see  more  of  the  seat,  and  particularly  what  he  called 
the  monument,  by  which  1  understood  the  Prior's 
tower,  with  your  inscription.  Accordingly,  I  ordered  a 
servant  to  attend  him  thither,  and  when  he  had  satis- 
fied his  curiosity,  either  to  let  him  out  from  the  park 
above  into  the  downs,  or  from  the  garden  below  into 
the  road ;  which  he  chose  I  never  asked,  and  so  this 
honourable  visit  ended.  Hereby  you  will  understand 
that  the  design  of  all  this  was  to  be  admired,  and  indeed 
he  had  my  admiration  to  the  full,  but  for  nothing  so 


3726]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  103 

much  as  for  his  being  able  at  past  eighty  to  perform 
this  expedition  on  foot,  in  no  good  weather,  and  with 
all  the  alacrity  of  a  boy  both  in  body  and  mind." 

How  long  the  knight  continued  on  his  travels  I  have 
no  means  of  discovering.  Ere  long,  however,  he  re- 
turned to  Queen- square,  and  in  a  contest  for  some  sub- 
ordinate parochial  office,  carried  on  so  warmly  as  to  open 
taverns  for  men,  and  coffee-house  breakfasts  for  women, 
he  exerted  himself  greatly,  wondering,  however,  as  he 
himself  expressed  it,  that  a  man  bred  at  two  universities 
should  be  so  little  regarded.  A  parishioner,  in  reply  to 
some  such  remark,  answered,  "  That  he  had  a  calf  that 
sucked  two  cows,  and  a  prodigious  great  one  it  was." 
At  the  age  of  eighty,  on  8t,  Luke's  day,  1771,  he  went 
to  Batson's  cotfee-house,  in  his  laced  coat  and  band  and 
fringed  white  gloves,  to  show  himself  to  Mr.  Crosby, 
then  Lord  Mayor.  A  gentleman  present  observing  that 
he  looked  very  well,  he  replied,  "  he  had  neither  wife 
nor  debts/' 

Sir  William  Browne  died  at  his  house  in  Queen- 
square,  Bloomsbury,  10th  March,  1774,  aged  eighty- 
two.  His  lady  died  25th  July,  1763,  in  her  sixty- 
fourth  year.  His  remains  wrere  interred  at  Hillington, 
co.  Norfolk,  and  in  the  church  is  a  handsome  monument 
to  his  memory,  with  the  following  inscription,  admitted 
in  his  will  to  have  been  the  offspring  of  his  own  pen : 

M.  S. 

D.  Gulielmi  Browne  Militis 
Medicorum  Londini  bis  Prsesidis 

S.  R.  S. 

Studium  opusque  qui  valde  persequens 

Medicinam  hand  sine  Deo  fecerat 

Die  nocteque  nitens  pro  viribns 

Salutem  hilaris  hominibus  dare 

Labor  turn  ipse  sibi  voluptas  fuit 

Eheu  !  jam  agendo  haud  spectator  amplius 

Beatum  tamen  vixisse  se  adserens 

Probe  contentus  exacto  tempore 

Uti  conviva  cedit  vita  satur 
Homo  humani  a  se  alienum  nil  putans 

Die  decimo  Martii  1774  mortuus 
Die  Ciceronis  natali  3  Jan"  1692  editus 


104  ROLL  OF   THE  [1726 

Beatiorem  bis  preefatns  adpetens 

Patria  O  !  perpetua  esto  et  libera 

Sit  anima  mea  cum  Christosophis 

Prope  Newtonum,  Boylium,  Lockium 

Procul  insanis  a  sapientibus 

Velim  edicas,  Lector,  quanti  est  vivere 

Licet  qua  terris  noscere  et  agere. 

Sir  William  Browne's  will,  drawn  up  by  himself, 
was  a  curiosity  :  it  is  singularly  demonstrative  of  his 
character  and  oddities,  but  is  not  wanting  in  philan- 
thropy. In  the  preamble  he  lashes  orthodox  and  hete- 
rodox alike,  and  the  Greek  and  Latin  with  which  it 
was  interlarded  puzzled  the  people  at  Doctors'  Com- 
mons. On  his  coffin,  when  in  the  grave,  he  desired 
might  be  deposited,  "  in  its  leather  case  or  coffin/'  his 
pocket  Elzevir  Horace,  "  comes  viae  vitseque  dulcis  et 
utilis,"  he  adds,  "  worn  out  with  and  by  me."  He  dis- 
posed of  his  property  judiciously  and  equitably,  and 
left  certain  prize  medals  to  be  given  yearly  to  Cam- 
bridge undergraduates. 

His  publications  are  numerous,  but  unimportant. 
They  are  curious  and  witty,  but  dreadfully  burdened 
with  quotations.  Their  titles,  even,  are  characteristic. 

Dr.  Gregory's  Elements  of  Catoptrics  and  Dioptrics,  translated 
from  the  Latin  original  by  William  Browne,  M.D.,  at  Lynn  Regis, 
in  Norfolk.  By  whom  is  added  :  I.  A  Method  for  finding  the  Foci 
of  all  Specula,  as  well  as  Lenses  universally ;  as  also  Magnifying 
or  Lessening  a  given  object  by  a  given  Speculum  or  Lens  in  any 
assigned  proportion.  II.  A  Solution  of  those  Problems  which  Dr. 
Gregory  has  left  undemonstrated.  III.  A  particular  account  of 
Microscopes  and  Telescopes  from  Huygens,  with  the  Discoveries 
made  by  Catoptrics  and  Dioptrics.  8vo.  Lond.  1735. 

Oratio  Harveiana,  Principibus  Medicis  parentans ;  Medicinam, 
Academias  utrasque  laudans ;  Empiricos,  eorum  cultores  perstrin- 
gens ;  Collegium  usque  a  natalibus  illustrans :  in  Theatre  Collegii 
Reg.  Med.  Lond.  habita  Festo  Divi  Lucae  MDCCLI.  a  Gul.  Browne 
Equite  Aurato,  M.D.  Cantab,  et  Oxon,  hujusce  Collegii  Socio, 
Electo,  Censore,  S.R.S.  et  a  Consiliis.  4to.  Lond.  1751. 

This  oration  was  embellished  with  Sir  William's  arms 
in  the  title-page,  and  a  head-piece  representing  the 
theatre  at  Oxford,  the  Senate-house  at  Cambridge,  and 
the  College  of  Physicians,  with  an  emblematic  initial 


1726]  EOYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  105 

letter.      These  ornaments  accompanied  all  his  future 
publications. 

A  Letter  from  Sir  William  Browne,  deputy-lieutenant  of  the 
county  of  Norfolk,  to  his  tenants  and  neighbours,  seriously  recom- 
mended at  this  time  to  the  perusal  of  all  the  people  of  England. 
8vo.  Lond.  1757. 

Ode  in  imitation  of  Horace,  Ode  iii,  1.  3,  addressed  to  the  Right 
Hon.  Sir  Robert  Walpole,  on  ceasing  to  be  Minister,  February  6, 
1741,  designed  as  a  just  panegyric  on  a  great  Minister,  the  glorious 
Revolution,  Protestant  succession,  and  principles  of  Liberty.  To 
which  is  added  the  original  Ode,  defended  in  Commentariolo.  4to. 
Lond.  1765. 

Opuscnla  varia  utriusque  Linguae  :  Medicinam ;  Medicorum  Col- 
legium; Literas,  utrasque  Academias ;  Empiricos,  eorum  cultores ; 
Solicitatorem,  Praestigiatorem ;  Poeticen,  Criticen ;  Patronum, 
Patriam ;  Religionem,  Libertatem,  spectantia.  Cum  Prasfatione 
eorum  editionem  defendente.  4to.  Lond.  1765. 

Appendix  Altera  ad  Opuscula ;  Oratiuncula,  Coll.  Med.  Lond. 
cathedrae  valedicens.  In  Comitiis,  postridie  Divi  Michaelis, 
MDCCLXVII  ad  Collegii  administrationem  renovandam  designatis ; 
Machinaque  Incendiis  extinguendis  apta  contra  Permissos  rebelles 
munitis,  &c.  4to.  Lond.  1768. 

A  Farewell  Oration,  &c.,  a  translation  of  the  preceding.  4to. 
Lond.  1768. 

Fragmentum  Isaaci  Hawkins  Browne  Arm.  sive  Anti-Bolin- 
brokius.  Liber  Primus,  translated  for  a  second  Religio  Medici. 
4to.  Lond.  1768. 

Fragmentum  Isaaci  Hawkins  Browne  completum.  4to.  Lond. 
1769. 

Appendix  ad  Opuscula.     4to.  Lond.  1770. 

Odes.     4to.  Lond.  1771. 

A  Proposal  on  our  Coin :  to  remedy  all  present  and  prevent  all 
future  disorders.  4to.  Lond.  1771. 

A  New  Year's  Grift :  a  problem  and  demonstration  on  the  xxxix 
Articles.  4to.  Lond.  1772. 

The  Pill  Plot.  To  Dr.  Ward,  a  quack  of  merry  memory,  written 
at  Lynn,  November  30,  1734.  4to.  Lond.  1772. 

Corrections  in  verse  from  the  Father  of  the  College,  on  Son  Cado- 
gan's  Gout  Dissertation,  containing  false  physic,  false  logic,  and 
false  philosophy.  4to.  Lond.  1772. 

Elogy  and  Address.     4to.  Lond.  1773.* 

A  full-length  portrait  of  Sir  William  Browne  in  his 
gown  as  president,  painted  by  Hudson,  is  at  the  Col- 
lege. It  was  presented  by  himself  13th  April,  1767,  in 
the  second  year  of  his  presidency. 

*  See  Nichols's  Literary  Anecdotes. 


106  ROLL  OF   THE  [1726 

SIR  EDWARD  WILMOT,  BART.,  M.D.,  was  descended 
from  a  family  which  was  settled  at  Sutton-upon-Soar, 
in  the  county  of  Nottingham,  soon  after  the  Norman 
conquest,  and  removed  thence  into  Derbyshire  about 
the  year  1539.  He  was  the  second  son  of  Robert 
Wilmot,  of  Chaddesden,  co.  Derby,  esquire,  and  was 
born  29th  October,  1693.  He  was  educated  at  St. 
John's  college,  Cambridge,  of  which  house  he  was  a 
fellow,  and  he  proceeded  A.B.  1714  ;  A.M.  1718  ;  M.D. 
1725.*  He  then  settled  in  London;  was  admitted  a 
Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  September, 
1725  ;  and  a  Fellow  30th  September,  1726.  He  was 
Censor  in  1729  and  1741  ;  and  delivered  the  Harveian 
oration  in  1735.  He  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the 
Royal  Society  29th  January,  1729-30.  He  married 
Sarah,  the  eldest  daughter  of  Dr.  Mead,  and  through 
his  influence  was  appointed  physician  to  St.  Thomas's 
hospital.  In  April,  1731,  he  was  appointed  physician 
extraordinary  to  the  queen,  and  soon  afterwards  physi- 
cian in  ordinary  to  her  Majesty,  and  to  Frederick  prince 
of  Wales.  After  the  queen's  death  he  was  appointed 
physician  in  ordinary  to  king  George  II,  and  in  1740 
physician-general  to  the  forces.  He  was  created  a  baro- 
net 17th  February,  1759,  and  on  the  accession  of  king 
George  III  was  appointed  one  of  his  physicians  in  or- 
dinary ;  but  about  this  time  he  retired  from  practice 
and  withdrew  from  London.  He  resided  for  some  time 
at  Nottingham  ;  but  finding  it  too  cold  for  his  age  and 
constitution,  he  removed  to  Heringston,  in  the  neigh- 
bourhood of  Dorchester,  co.  Dorset,  where  he  died  21st 
November,  1787,  when  he  had  more  than  completed 
his  ninety- third  year.  He  was  buried  in  the  parish 
church  of  Monkton,  and  is  commemorated  by  the  fol- 
lowing inscription  :— 

Sacred  to  the  Memory  of 

Sir  Edward  Wilmot,  Bart.,  M.D. 

He  married  Sarah  Marsh, 

*  He  graduated  as  George  Edward  Wilmot. 


1726]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.         107 

daughter  of  Richard  Mead,  M.D., 

by  whom  he  left  one  son, 

Sir  Robert  Mead  Wilmot,  Baronet, 

and  two  daughters,  Ann  and  Jane. 

He  died  at  Heringston,  in  the  county  of  Dorset, 

the  21st  day  of  November,  1787,  aged  93, 

and  was  interred  by  his  own  express  directions 

in  the  parish  church  of  Monkton,  in  the  said  county, 

near  his  beloved  wife,  who  died 
the  llth  day  of  September,  1785,  aged  83. 

JOHN  B  AMBER,  M.D.,  a  native  of  Kent,  was  bred  a 
surgeon,  and  practised  as  such  for  many  years  in  the 
city  of  London,  and  realised  a  large  fortune.  When  of 
mature  age,  he  withdrew  from  that  department  of  prac- 
tice, devoted  himself  to  physic,  and,  having  produced 
letters  diinissory  from  the  company  of  Barbers  and  Sur- 
geons, dated  16th  July,  1724,  disfranchising  him  from 
that  company,  he  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  5th  October,  1724.  On  the  12th 
April,  1725,  he  was  created  doctor  of  medicine  at  Cam- 
bridge, per  lit  eras  Regias,  as  a  member  of  Emmanuel 
college ;  and  coming  again  before  the  Censors  for  ex- 
amination, was  admitted  a  Candidate  18th  October, 
1725  ;  and  a  Fellow  30th  September,  1726.  He  was 
Censor  in  1730  and  1731  ;  and  dying  7th  November, 
1753,  was  buried  in  Barking  church,  Essex,  where  a 
monument,  ornamented  with  a  fine  bust  of  the  doctor 
in  white  marble,  bears  the  following  inscription  : — 

Hie  jacet  JOHANNES  BAMBEK,  M.D. 
Reg.  Soc.     Colleg.  Medic.  Lond.  Socius, 

qui  per  mnltos  annos  medicinam 

cum  multa  laude  feliciter  exercuit. 

Reipublic83  utilis  suisque  non  inglorius  vir; 

maritus,  parens  optimus, 
sociis  charus,  omnibus  benevolus ; 
egenis  arte  atque  re  sua  liberalis. 

Occidit  eheu !  flebilis 
occidit  morte  subita  nee  inopinata, 

senectute  gravi,  non  valetudine, 

Novembris  die  septimo,  anno  salutis  1753, 

set.  suae  86. 

Dr.  Bamber  acquired  large  estates  in  the  county  of 


108  BOLL   OF   THE  [1727 

Essex.  His  two  daughters  and  co-heiresses  married 
respectively  Francis  Walter  Jones,  surgeon,  of  Mincing- 
lane,  afterwards  of  Wyfields,  Barking,  in  right  of  his 
wife :  and  Margaret,  Sir  Crisp  Gascoyne,  knt.,  alder- 
man of  Vintry  ward  and  lord  mayor  in  1752  (the  first 
lord  mayor  who  lived  in  the  present  Mansion-house). 
Sir  Crisp  Gascoyne  died  28th  December,  1761,  and 
was  buried  at  Barking,  leaving  with  other  children 
Bamber  Gascoyne,.  a  well-known  political  character  in 
the  last  century.  On  his  death  in  1791  the  Bamber 
estates  descended,  under  Dr.  Bamber 's  will,  to  a  second 
Bamber  Gascoyne,  who  cut  off  the  entail,  pulled  down 
the  house  at  Bifrons,  and  sold  the  site  and  the  park. 
His  daughter  and  heiress  married  the  marquis  of  Salis- 
bury, who  took  the  name  of  Gascoyne  before  that  of 
Cecil,  and  became  possessed  of  the  Bamber  property, 
worth,  it  is  said,  12,OOOZ.  a-year.  There  is  a  fine  por- 
trait of  Dr.  Bamber,  by  Verelst,  at  the  top  of  the  grand 
staircase  at  Hatfield  house. 

NICHOLAS  EOBINSON,  M.D.,  a  native  of  Wales,  and  a 
doctor  of  medicine  of  Rheims,  of  15th  December,  1718, 
was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
27th  March,  1727.  He  died  at  an  advanced  age,  13th 
May,  1775,  and  was  the  author  of — 

A  compleat  Treatise  of  the  Stone  and  Gravel.  Dissolution  of  the 
Stone  without  bodily  detriment,  &c.  8vo.  Lond.  1721. 

Theory  of  Physick  and  Diseases,  founded  on  the  principles  of  the 
Newtonian  Philosophy.  8vo.  Lond.  1725. 

A  new  Method  of  treating  Consumptions.     8vo.  Lond.  1727. 

A  new  System  of  the  Spleen,  Vapours,  and  Hypochondriack 
Melancholy.  8vo.  Lond.  1729. 

Discourse  upon  the  Nature  and  Cause  of  Sudden  Deaths,  and 
upon  Bleeding  in  Apoplexy.  8vo.  Lond.  1732. 

A  new  Treatise  of  the  Venereal  Disease.     8vo.  Lond.  1736. 

The  Christian  Philosopher;  or,  a  Divine  Essay  on  the  Principles 
of  Man's  Universal  Redemption.  8vo.  Lond.  1741. 

An  Essay  on  the  Gout  and  all  gouty  affections  incident  to  Man- 
kind. 8vo.  Lond.  1755. 

A  Treatise  on  the  Virtues  and  Efficacy  of  a  Crust  of  Bread,  eat 
early  in  a  Morning,  fasting.  8vo.  Lond.  1756. 

A  general  Scheme  for  a  course  of  Medical  Lectures  intended  for 
the  improvement  of  young  physicians  and  gentlemen.  4to.  Lond. 


1728]     ROYAL  COLLEGE  OP  PHYSICIANS.        109 

SEBASTIAN  LE  FEVRE,  of  St.  Alban's,  Herts,  was  ad- 
mitted an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  5th  May, 
1727. 

LAWRENCE  MARTEL,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Twickenham, 
and  educated  at  Merchant  Taylors'  school,  on  leaving 
which  in  1715  he  entered  as  a  pensioner  of  Clare  hall, 
Cambridge,  and,  as  a  member  of  that  house,  proceeded 
M.B.  1721  ;  M.D.  5th  July,  1726.  Admitted  a  Can- 
didate of  the  College  of  Physicians  22nd  December, 
1726,  and  a  Fellow  22nd  December,  1727,  he  was  Censor 
in  1730,  1731,  1733,  1737,  1743;  and  Eegistrar  in  1737 
and  1738.  He  died  in  1746. 

ALEXANDER  STUART,  M.D.,  a  Scotchman,  who,  on 
the  14th  December,  1709,  being  then  thirty-six  years 
of  age,  was  entered  on  the  physic  line  at  Leyden  and, 
graduated  doctor  of  medicine  there  22nd  June,  1711 
(D.M.I,  de  Structura  et  Motu  Musculari,  4to.),  was  ad- 
mitted a  Licentiate  of  the  College  25th  June,  1720.  He 
was  created  doctor  of  medicine  at  Cambridge  (comitiis 
Regiis)  1728,  and  was  physician  in  ordinary  to  the 
queen,  in  which  capacity  he  was  admitted  a  Fellow  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  2nd  September,  1728.  He 
was  Censor  in  1732  and  1741.  Dr.  Stuart  was  ap- 
pointed physician  to  the  Westminster  hospital  on  its 
establishment  in  1719,  and  one  of  the  six  physicians  to 
St.  George's  hospital,  appointed  at  the  first  general 
board,  held  19th  October,  1733,  when  he  resigned  his 
office  at  the  Westminster.  He  held  his  office  at  St. 
George's  for  a  short  period  only,  resigning  it  9th  July, 
1736.  He  was  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society,  and  a 
member  of  the  Royal  Academy  of  Sciences  ;  from  the 
former  he  received  the  Copley  medal  for  his  researches 
into  the  structure  and  action  of  muscle.  Dr.  Stuart 
died  15th  September,  1742.  His  only  published  work, 
an  amplification  of  his  inaugural  essay,  was  his 

Dissertatio  de  Structura  et  Motu  Musculari.     4to.  Lond.  1 738. 


110  ROLL  OP  THE  [1720 

THOMAS  KNIGHT,  of  Caernarvon,  was  admitted  an 
Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  23rd  January,  1728-9. 
One  of  his  name,  probably  our  Extra-Licentiate,  was 
the  author  of — 

An  Essay  on  the  Transmutation  of  Blood,     8vo.  Lond.  1725. 

A  Vindication  of  an  Essay  on  .the  Transmutation  of  Blood.  8vo. 
Lond.  1731. 

A  Dissertation  on  Chalybeats.     8vo.  Lond.  1731. 

Reflections  upon  Catholicons,  or  Universal  Remedies.  8vo.  Lond. 
1749. 

THOMAS  HARWOOD  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  January,  1728-9. 
He  practised  at  Merrow,  near  Guildford. 

JOHN  BEAUFORD,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Cornwall,  and 
educated  at  Trinity  college,  Cambridge,  as  a  member  of 
which  house  he  proceeded  A.B.  in  1686.  He  was  created 
doctor  of  medicine  at  Cambridge  (comitiis  Regiis),  1728; 
and  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physi- 
cians 25th  June,  1729.  He  died,  at  a  very  advanced 
age,  in  October,  1750. 

WILLIAM  MARTIN,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Middlesex,  and 
educated  at  Trinity  college,  Cambridge,  where  he  pro- 
ceeded M.B.  1723.  In  the  autumn  of  that  year  he  was 
entered  on  the  physic  line  at  Leyden,  and  graduated 
doctor  of  medicine  there  in  1725  (D.M.I,  de  Fluxu 
Menstruale  et  Morbis  Virginum).  He  graduated  M.D. 
at  Cambridge  7th  July,  1728  ;  was  admitted  a  Candi- 
date of  the  College  of  Physicians  2nd  September,  1728, 
and  a  Fellow  30th  September,  1729. 

JOHN  MOUXTFORD,  M.D.,  was  born  in  London,  and 
educated  at  Trinity  college,  Oxford.  He  proceeded 
A.B.  7th  December,  1702  ;  A.M.  5th  July,  1705  ;  M.B. 
9th  December,  1708;  and  M.D.  9th  July,  1712.  He 
was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
30th  September,  1728  ;  and  a  Fellow  30th  September, 
1729  ;  and  died  at  his  house  in  Wine-office-court,  Fleet- 
street,  28th  March,  1731. 


1729]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        Ill 

WILLIAM  FULLERTOX,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Argyleshire, 
and  on  the  8th  September,  1717,  being  then  twenty- 
five  years  of  age,  was  entered  on  the  physic  line  at  Ley- 
den.  As  a  member  of  Balliol  college,  he  was  created 
bachelor  and  doctor  of  medicine  at  Oxford  by  diploma 
12th  April,  1728.  On  the  5th  November,  1728,  he  was 
elected  an  honorary  member  of  the  College  of  Physi- 
cians of  Edinburgh.  Dr.  Fullerton  was  admitted  a 
Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  September, 
1728,  and  a  Fellow  30th  September,  1729.  He  was 
physician  to  Christ's  hospital ;  on  the  29th  June,  1731, 
was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society;  and  died 
12th  March,  1737. 

CROMWELL  MORTIMER,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Essex,  and 
was  the  second  son  of  John  Mortimer,  esq.,  of  Topping 
hall,  in  that  county.  He  was  educated  at  Leyden,  under 
Boerhaave.  He  was  admitted  on  the  physic  line  there 
7th  September,  1719  ;  went  through  the  very  complete 
course  of  instruction  given  in  that  university,  and  took 
his  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  there  9th  August, 
1724  (Exercitatio  Inaug.  de  Ingressu  Humorum  in 
Corpus  Humanum.  4  to.).  He  was  admitted  a  Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1725  ;  but, 
having  been  created  doctor  of  medicine  at  Cambridge 
(comitiis  Regiis),  llth  May,  1728,  was  admitted  a 
Candidate  30th  September,  1728,  and  a  Fellow  30th 
September,  1729.  Dr.  Mortimer  was  a  person  of  con- 
siderable importance  in  his  day.  He  was  a  fellow  of 
the  Royal  and  of  the  Antiquarian  Society  ;  of  the 
former  he  was  secretary  for  more  than  twenty  years, 
and  he  was  one  of  the  most  active  of  that  illustrious 
band,  who  laboured  for  the  incorporation  of  the  latter. 
The  Doctor's  elder  brother  left  him  the  family  estate, 
where  he  died  7th  January,  1752.  He  edited  Fran- 
cisci  Willughbeii  de  Historia  Piscium  libri  quatuor,  re- 
cognovit  Joh.  Raius  accessit  Index  Piscium,  &c.,  cura 
Cromwelli  Mortimer,  M.D.  folio,  1743  ;  and  published— 

On  the  Volatile  Spirit  of  Sulphur.     8vo.  Lond.  1744. 


112  BOLL  OF   THE  [1729 

An  Address  to  the  Public,  containing  Narratives  of  the  Effects  of 
certain  Chemical  Remedies  in  most  Diseases.  8vo.  Lond.  1745. 

JOHN  CONINGHAM,  M.D.,  was  a  native  of  Cumber- 
land. He,  being  then  twenty-two  years  of  age  was,  on 
the  22nd  August,  1718,  entered  on  the  physic  line  at 
Leyden,  and  he  graduated  doctor  of  medicine  at  Rheims 
21st  July,  1719.  He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1723  ;  but,  having 
been  created  doctor  of  medicine  at  Cambridge,  26th 
April,  1728,  was  admitted  a  Candidate  30th  Septem- 
ber, 1728,  and  a  Fellow  of  the  College  30th  September, 
1729.  He  was  Censor  in  1740,  1744,  1747;  and  was 
named  an  Elect  16th  December,  1746.  Dr.  Coning- 
ham  was  appointed  physician  extraordinary  to  the  Lon- 
don Hospital  16th  March,  1742,  and  died  23rd  January, 
1749. 

EGBERT  NESBITT,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  Mr.  John 
Nesbitt,  a  dissenting  minister,  and  was  born  in  London. 
He  received  his  medical  education  at  Leyden,  where  he 
was,  on  the  1st  September,  1718,  entered  on  the  physic 
line.  He  attended  the  lectures  of  Boerhaave  and  the 
elder  Albinus,  and  took  his  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine 
there  25th  April,  1721  (D.M.I,  de  Partu  Difficili.  4to.). 
He  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  22nd  April, 
1725  ;  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th 
June,  1726  ;  and  having  been  created  doctor  of  medi- 
cine at  Cambridge  15th  June,  1728,  was  admitted  a 
Candidate  30th  September,  1728,  and  a  Fellow  30th 
September,  1729,  Dr.  Nesbitt  was  Censor  in  1733, 
1738,  1742,  1745,  1748  ;  on  the  23rd  March,  1740-1, 
was  appointed  Lumleian  lecturer  for  a  period  of  five 
years;  an  Elect  22nd  August,  1748,  and  Consiliarius 
1750,  1754,  1758.  Haller  says  of  him*  "  bonus  in 
universum  auctor."  He  died  27th  May,  1761  ;  and 
was  the  author  of — 

Human  Osteogony  explained.     8vo.  Lond.  1736. 

*  Bibliotheca  Anatomica,  vol.  ii,  p.  286. 


1729]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        113 

RICHARD  WATTS,  M.D.,  a  native  of  Hampshire,  then 
practising  at  Lymington,  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  26th  June,  1703.  A  few  years 
afterwards,  removing  to  London,  he  presented  himself 
at  the  Censors'  board,  and  on  the  30th  September, 
1710,  after  the  usual  examinations,  was  admitted  a 
Licentiate.  He  was  created  doctor  of  medicine  at  Cam- 
bridge 15th  June,  1728  ;  on  the  30th  September  follow- 
ing, was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  ;  and  on 
the  30th  September,  1729,  a  Fellow.  Dr.  Watts  died 
14th  April,  1750,  aged  seventy-four. 

PETER  HOOKE,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Norwich,  and  on 
the  28th  May,  1718,  was  admitted  a  pensioner  of  Clare 
hall,  Cambridge,  under  Dr.  Laughton,  and  as  a  member 
of  that  house  proceeded  M.B.  in  1723.  On  the  21st 
October,  1726,  being  then  twenty-six  years  of  age,  he 
was  entered  on  the  physic  line  at  Leyden,  and  he  gra- 
duated M.D.  at  Cambridge  in  1728.  He  was  admitted 
a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30thvSeptem- 
ber,  1728  ;  and  a  Fellow  30th  September,  1729.  Dr. 
Hooke's  name  disappears  from  the  annual  list  in  1736. 

JAMES  MONRO,  M.D.,  was  the  only  son  of  Alexander 
Monro,  D.D.,  principal  of  the  university  of  Edinburgh, 
who  just  before  the  Revolution  of  1688  was  nominated 
by  James  II  to  the  then  vacant  see  of  Argyle.  The 
alterations  which  took  place  in  the  church  of  Scot- 
land at  that  period  prevented  his  obtaining  possession 
of  the  bishopric ;  and,  Dr.  Monro  and  the  government 
of  William  III  not  agreeing  in  their  political  opinions, 
he  was  fetched  to  London  by  a  messenger  in  September, 
1691,  and  there  remained  until  his  death,  which  oc- 
curred in  or  about  the  year  1700.  Dr.  Alexander 
Monro  (as  we  learn  from  the  family  pedigree)  was  de- 
scended from  the  chiefs  of  the  Highland  clan  of  Monro, 
whose  ancestors  fell  at  Bannockburn,  Halidon-hill, 
Pinkie,  &c.,  fighting  in  the  cause  of  their  country,  and 

VOL.  II.  I 


114  ROLL  OP  THE  [1729 

who  are  described  as  having  been  invested  with  the 
barony  of  Fowlis,  in  Ross-shire,  by  Malcolm  Canmore, 
A.D.  1024.  This  ancient  clan  are  said  by  Macaulay  and 
other  writers  to  have  adhered  to  the  side  of  William  of 
Orange,  and  to  have  been  hostile  to  the  last  of  the 
Stuarts ;  but  Dr.  Alexander  Monro  seems  to  have  in- 
herited the  more  ancient  royalist  sentiments  of  the 
family,  who  are  described  by  Buchanan  as  coming  to 
the  aid  of  Mary  queen  of  Scots,  with  their  followers, 
when  attacked  by  the  reformers  of  those  days. 

Dr.  James  Monro  was  born  in  Scotland  2nd  Septem- 
ber, 1680,  and  accompanied  his  father  to  England  in 
1691.  At  a  proper  age  he  was  entered  at  Balliol  col- 
lege, Oxford,  and  as  a  member  of  that  house  proceeded 
A.B.  15th  June,  1703;  A.M.  3rd  June,  1708;  M.B. 
25th  May,  1709  ;  and  M.D.  9th  July,  1722.  He  com- 
menced practice  in  London,  was  admitted  a  Candidate 
of  the  College  of  Physicians  23rd  December,  1728, 
and  a  Fellow  22nd  December,  1729.  Dr.  Monro  was 
elected  physician  to  Bethlem  hospital  9th  October, 
1728  ;  he  delivered  the  Harveian  oration  in  1737  ;  and, 
dying  at  Sunning-hill,  Berks,  in  the  night  of  the  4th 
November,  1752,  aged  seventy-two,  was  buried  in  the 
church  there.  His  son,  Dr.  John  Monro,  in  his  "Re- 
marks on  Dr.  Battie's  Treatise  on  Madness,"  8vo.  Lond. 
1758,  writes  thus  of  this  estimable  physician  :  "  He  was 
a  man  of  admirable  discernment,  and  treated  this  dis- 
ease (insanity)  with  an  address  that  will  not  soon  be 
equalled.  He  knew  very  well  that  the  management  re- 
quisite for  it  was  never  to  be  learned  but  by  observa- 
tion ;  he  was  honest  and  sincere ;  and,  though  no  man 
was  more  communicative  upon  points  of  real  use,  he 
never  thought  of  reading  lectures  upon  a  subject  that 
can  be  understood  no  otherwise  than  by  personal  obser- 
vation :  physic  he  honoured  as  a  profession,  but  he  des- 
pised it  as  a  trade.  However  partial  I  may  be  to  his 
memory,  his  friends  acknowledge  this  to  be  true,  and 
his  enemies  will  not  venture  to  deny  it." 

A  good  portrait  of  this  physician  has  recently  been 


1729]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        115 

presented   to  the  College   by  his  descendant,   Henry 
Monro,  M.D.,  a  Fellow  of  the  College. 

WILLIAM  WOODFORD,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Hampshire, 
and  educated  at  Winchester,  which  he  entered  in  1701. 
Elected  thence  to  New  college,  Oxford,  he  proceeded 
B.C.L.  22nd  May,  1706  ;  M.B.  and  M.D.  26th  Novem- 
ber, 1724.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  23rd  December,  1728  ;  a  Fellow  22nd 
December,  1729  ;  and  was  Censor  in  1733.  Dr.  Wood- 
ford  was  appointed  Regius  professor  of  Physic  at  Ox- 
ford 2nd  April,  1730.  On  the  2nd  August,  1734,  he 
announced  to  the  College  his  intention  of  leaving 
London  and  settling  in  Oxford.  He  retained  the  regius 
professorship  until  his  death,  which  occurred  at  Bath  on 
the  13th  November,  1758.  Dr.  Woodford  presented 
to  the  College,  in  1738,  the  portrait  of  Dr.  Croone,  now 
in  the  Censors'  room,  and  also  the  copy  of  "  Scriptores 
de  Re  Rustica,  impressa  Regii,"  1496,  which  had  once 
belonged  to  our  first  president,  Linacre. 

FRANCIS  CLIFTON,  M.D.,  was  a  native  of  Norfolk,  and 
a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Leyden,  of  1724.  His  inaugural 
essay  on  that  occasion,  "  De  distinctis  et  confluentibus 
Variolis,"  4to.,  was  reprinted  by  Haller  in  his  "Dis- 
putationes  ad  Morborum  Historiam  et  Curationem 
facientes."  Dr.  Clifton  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the 
Royal  Society  29th  June,  1727.  He  was  created  doctor 
of  medicine  at  Cambridge  (comitiis  Regiis)  26th  April, 
1728  ;  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Phy- 
sicians 23rd  December,  1728 ;  a  Fellow,  22nd  Decem- 
ber, 1729  ;  and  delivered  the  Gulstonian  lectures  in 
1732.  He  was  physician  to  the  prince  of  Wales,  but 
resigned  that  office  and  left  London  in  1734.  His  name 
disappears  from  the  list  of  the  College  in  1737.  He  was 
the  author  of  the  following  works  : — 

Tabular  Observations  recommended  as  the  surest  way   of   im- 
proving Physick.     8vo.  Lond.  1731. 

The  State  of  Physick,  ancient  and  modern,  briefly  considered. 
8vo.  Lond.  1732. 

I  2 


116  ROLL   OF   THE  [1730 

Proposals  for  Printing,  by  subscription,  all  the  works  of  Hippo- 
crates  in  Greek  and  Latin,  digested  in  a  new  and  regular  manner. 

The  intended  publication  did  not  meet  with  sufficient 
encouragement,  and  never  appeared. 

A  Translation  of  Hippocrates  upon  Air,  Water,  and  Situation, 
Epidemicks,  &c.  8vo.  Lond.  1734. 

His  GRACE  CHARLES  DUKE  OF  EICHMOND  was  cre- 
ated doctor  of  medicine  at  Cambridge  (comitiis  Regiis), 
1728.  He  was  elected  a  Fellow  of  the  College  of  Phy- 
sicians 25th  June,  1728,  but  was  not  actually  admitted 
until  December,  1729.  The  duke  died  8th  May,  1750. 

THOMAS  RUSSE  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of 
the  College  23rd  January,  1729-30.  He  practised  at 
Chelmsford. 

JOHN  OLDFIELD,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Surrey,  and  on 
the  23rd  September,  1717,  being  then  twenty-seven 
years  of  age,  was  entered  on  the  physic  line  at  Leyden. 
He  graduated  doctor  of  medicine  there  in  1718  (D.M.I, 
de  Causis  Motum  Sanguinis  circularem  per  vasa  cor- 
poris  animalis  promoventibus  ac  obstantibus).  He  was 
created  doctor  of  medicine  at  Cambridge  (comitiis  Regiis), 
26th  April,  1728.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1729  ;  a  Fellow  25th 
June,  1730 ;  and  was  Censor  in  1735.  Dr.  Oldfield  was 
appointed  physician  to  Guy's  hospital  21st  April,  1725. 
He  died  25th  June,  1748. 

THOMAS  PARRATT,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Huntingdon- 
shire, and  was  the  son  of  Thomas  Parratt,  of  Calworth, 
in  that  county.  He  was  educated  at  Huntingdon  school 
under  Mr.  Matthews,  was  admitted  a  pensioner  of  St. 
John's  college,  Cambridge,  8th  June,  1703,  aged  seven- 
teen, his  father  being  then  dead.  He  proceeded  M.B. 
1710;  M.D.  1722;  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  30th  September,  1729  ;  and  a  Fel- 


1731]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.       117 

low  30th  September,  1730.     His  name  disappears  from 
the  list  in  1741. 

JOSHUA  YOUNG,  of  Cheshunt,  was  admitted  an  Extra- 
Licentiate  of  the  College  5th  April,  1731.  His  library 
was  sold  in  1757. 

SAMUEL  PYE,  M.D. — A  native  of  London,  and  a  doc- 
tor of  medicine  of  Glasgow,  of  20th  January,  1720  ;  was 
admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  12th 
April,  1731.  He  died  at  Bromley,  near  Bow,  2nd 
February,  1772  ;  and  was  the  author  of — 

Some  Observations  on  the  several  Methods  of  Lithotomy.  4to. 
Lond.  1724. 

An  Enquiry  into  the  Legal  Constitution  of  the  Royal  College  of 
Physicians  in  London.  8vo.  Lond.  1753. 

JOHN  NEWINGTON,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Surrey,  and 
educated  at  Queen's  college,  Oxford.  He  proceeded 
A.B.  21st  April,  1719;  A.M.  28th  April,  1722;  M.B. 
5th  July,  1725  ;  M.D.  6th  July,  1728  ;  was  admitted 
a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June, 
1730  ;  and  a  Fellow  25th  June,  1731.  Dr.  Newing- 
ton  practised  at  Greenwich,  and  died  there  22nd  Janu- 
ary, 1771.  His  only  literary  effort  was  the  Harveian 
oration  for  1738. 

SAMUEL  DWIGHT,  A.M.,  was  a  son  of  John  Dwight, 
gent.,  of  Wigan,  and  was  for  a  short  time  at  St.  Peter's, 
Westminster,  where  he  was  admitted  in  1686.  Re- 
moving thence,  however,  in  1687,  to  Oxford,  he  was 
admitted  a  commoner  of  Christ  church,  and  as  a  mem 
ber  of  that  house  proceeded  A.B.  23rd  May,  1691  ; 
A.M.  14th  Februaiy,  1693.  He  was  admitted  a  Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1731. 
He  practised  at  Fulham  and  died  there  10th  Novem- 
ber, 1737.  According  to  the  "Gentleman's  Maga- 
zine," vol.  vii,  "  he  was  the  first  that  found  out  the 


118  BOLL   OF   THE  [1732 

secret  to  colour  earthenware  like  china."     He  was  the 
author  of— 

De  Vomitione  et  Purgatione,  eorumque  excessu  curando,  necnon 
de  Emeticis  Medicamentis,  de  Catharticis,  de  Variolis  et  Morbillis. 
8vo.  Lond.  1722. 

De  Hydropibus.     8vo.  Lond.  1725. 

De  Febribus  Symptomaticis.     8vo.  Lond.  1731. 

ROBERT  PORTER,  M.D. — A  native  of  London,  was  on 
the  16th  September,  1726,  being  then  twenty-three 
years  of  age,  entered  on  the  physic  line  at  Leyden, 
where  he  graduated  doctor  of  medicine  25th  July,  1727 
(D.M.I,  de  Natura  Vasorum  in  corpore  humario).  He 
was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
25th  June,  1731.  He  died  in  1735  or  1736. 

JONATHAN  BROOKE,  M.D. — A  native  of  Warwick- 
shire ;  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physi- 
cians 30th  September,  1731.  At  that  time  he  had  no 
degree  in  arts  or  medicine  ;  but  on  the  3rd  August, 
1733,  he  was  created  doctor  of  medicine  by  the  univer- 
sity of  St.  Andrew's.  Dr.  Brooke  practised  midwifery, 
and  died  12th  March,  1735. 

JAMES  TAVERNER,  M.B.,  was  born  at  Maiden,  in 
Essex,  and  on  the  17th  March,  1725,  was  admitted  a 
pensioner  of  Clare  hall,  Cambridge,  under  Mr.  Greene. 
As  an  undergraduate  of  Clare  hall,  Cambridge,  he  was 
admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physi- 
cians 18th  February,  1731-2.  He  practised  for  a  time 
at  Sudbury,  co.  Suffolk,  but  after  a  few  years  removed 
to  Witham,  in  Essex,  where  a  medicinal  spring  had 
recently  been  discovered.  To  it  high  medicinal  virtues 
were  for  a  time  assigned,  and  much  benefit  to  the  town 
was  anticipated.  The  great  hall  of  the  mansion  of  New 
hall,  near  Chelmsford,  was  bought  and  translated  to 
Witham  for  an  assembly  room  ;  but  the  whole  project 
soon  came  to  nothing.  Taverner  proceeded  bachelor  of 
medicine  at  Cambridge  in  1733  ;  and  published  "An 
Essay  on  the  Witham  Spa,"  8vo.  Lond.  1737. 


1732]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  119 

JOHN  BOBERTSON,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine  of 
Aberdeen,  practising  at  Wells,  co.  Somerset ;  was  ad- 
mitted an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  29th  March, 
1732. 

SIMON  BURTON,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Warwickshire, 
and  was  the  eldest  son  of  Humphrey  Burton,  of  Caresly, 
near  Coventry,  by  his  wife,  Judith,  daughter  of  Abra- 
ham Bohun,  of  Coundon,  co.  Warwick,  clerk.  He  was 
educated  at  Rugby,  and  at  New  college,  Oxford,  as  a 
member  of  which  he  proceeded  A.B.  29th  November, 
1710;  A.M.  26th  May,  1714  ;  M.B.  20th  April,  1716  ; 
M.D.  21st  July,  1720.  He  practised  for  some  years 
at  Warwick,  but  then  settled  in  London  ;  was  admitted 
a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  12th  A.pril, 
1731  ;  a  Fellow  3rd  April,  1732 ;  was  Censor  in  1738  ; 
and  delivered  the  Harveian  oration  in  1740.  Dr. 
Burton  was  appointed  one  of  the  physicians  to  St. 
George's  hospital  19th  October,  1733.  He  died  at  his 
house  in  Savile-row  llth  June,  1744.  Dr.  Burton 
was  one  of  the  physicians  who  attended  Pope  in  his  last 
illness. 

MATTHEW  LEE,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Northampton- 
shire;  and  in  1709,  being  then  fourteen  years  of  age, 
was  admitted  a  King's  scholar  at  Westminster.  Elected 
thence,  in  1713,  to  Christ  church,  Oxford,  he,  as  a  mem- 
ber of  that  house,  proceeded  A.B.  17th  May,  1717; 
A.M.  23rd  June,  1720;  M.B.  26th  October,  1722;  and 
M.D.  16th  June,  1726.  He  practised  for  some  years  at 
Oxford  with  marked  success,  but  about  the  year  1730 
removed  to  London ;  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  12th  April,  1731 ;  and  a  Fellow 
3rd  April,  1732.  He  was  Censor  in  1734  ;  and  Har- 
veian orator  in  1736.  In  1739  he  was  appointed  phy- 
sician to  Frederick,  prince  of  Wales,  in  place  of  Dr. 
Broxolme,  deceased ;  and  himself  dying  26th  Septem- 
ber, 1755,  was  buried  in  the  church  of  Little  Linford, 
co.  Bucks,  where  there  is  a  monument  with  the  follow- 
ing inscription  : 


120  ROLL  OF  THE  [1732 

H.S.E. 

Mattheeus  Lee  M:D. 

qui  natus  Northamtoniee, 

educatus  in  Schola  Westmon1 

Alumnus  Regis, 
et  cooptatus  in  ^Edem  Christi  Oxonias, 

Literis  atque  Scientiis 
uberrime  instructus  fuit  et  ornatus. 
Artem  Medicam  Oxonise  et  Londini 

tanta  cum  fama  exercuit, 

ut  Frederici  Wallire  Principis, 

et  illustris  Domus  valetudini  Regente 

Medicus  constitueretur  Ordinarius. 
Erat  em'm  in  Morbis  diagnoscendis  sagax, 

in  iisdem  curandis  peritissimus  ; 

in  consultando  apertus,  facilis,  gravis. 

Uxorem  duxit  Saram,  Job. :  Knapp  arm : 

filiam  natu  minimam. 
Obiit  Sept :  xxvi  A.D.  MDCCLV. 

set :  LXI. 

Moriens  sine  prole, 

Conjugi  dilectas, 

quse  hoc  Monumentum  posuit ; 

et  Conjugis  Sorori, 
amplas  opes  annuas  legavit. 

Et  post  illarum  obitum, 

Collegas  suas  ^Edis  ex  Xti  ^dis  alumnos 

hseredes  prope  exasse  constifcuit ; 

ad  ingenuas  omnis  literatures 

reiq.  physicae  et  anatomicse  studia, 

in  perpetuum  promovenda. 

Dr.  Lee*  bequeathed  to  the  College  the  portrait  of 
Dr.  Freind,  now  in  the  dining  room.  He  was  a  muni- 
ficent benefactor  to  Christ  church  and  to  Westminster 
school.  In  1750  he  had  founded  an  anatomical  lecture- 
ship at  Christ  church,  which  he  endowed  with  a  stipend 
of  140?.  a-year;  he  also  gave  money  for  building  an 

*  "  In  medendo  acutus  et  eruditus,  in  loquendo  apertus  et  facun- 
dus,  in  agendo  probus  et  sincerus :  Qui  modestis  facilis  et  comis, 
arrogantibus  acer  et  intrepidus,  panperibus  misericors  et  liberalis, 
divitibus  Justus  neque  avidus  fuit.  Adulationis  Ipse  impatiens 
adulatus  est  nemmi,  plebeculaB  sermunculos  contempsit,  optimatum 
blanditias  neglexit :  quod  denique  de  Pisone  oratore  scribit  Cicero, 
id  quidem  Leei  nostri  mores  et  valetudinem  mirifice  depingit.  Is 
(inquit  Cicero)  laborem  forensem  quasi  cursum  diutius  non  tulit, 
quod  corpore  erat  infirm o,  et  Hominum  ineptias  ac  stultitias,  qua3 
devorandee  nobis  sunt,  non  ferebat,  iracundiusqtm  respuebat,  non 


1732]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        121 

anatomy  school,  and  for  converting  the  old  library  into 
rooms.  His  bequest  to  Westminster  consisted  of  ex- 
hibitions for  the  students,  35Z.  to  each  of  the  West- 
minster students  of  the  first  year,  beginning  in  the 
quarter  in  which  they  are  elected  to  the  Lady-day  fol- 
lowing. The  residue  is  divided  among  the  students 
who  reside  seven  calendar  months,  and  are  not  above 
eight  years  from  their  matriculation. 

JOHN  WIGAN,  M.D.,  was  born  31st  January,  1694-5, 
and  was  the  son  of  the  Rev.  William  Wigan,  rector  of 
Kensington.  When  fifteen  years  of  age  he  was  ad- 
mitted to  Westminster  school,  and  was  elected  thence 
to  Christ  church,  Oxford,  in  1714.  Some  verses  of  his 
occur  among  the  academical  lamentations  on  the  death 
of  queen  Anne  in  1714,  and  of  Dr.  Radcliffe  in  1715  ; 
besides  which,  he  wrote  the  lines  on  the  death  of  dean 
Aldrich,  which  are  published  in  V.  Bourne's  edition  of 
the  dean's  poems,  and  four  at  least  of  the  exercises  in 
the  Carmina  Quadrigesimalia  are  ascribed  to  him.  As 
a  member  of  Christ  church,  he  graduated  A.B.  6th 
February,  1718;  A.M.  22nd  March,  1720;  and  then, 
accumulating  his  degrees  in  physic,  proceeded  M.D.  6th 
July,  1727.  On  the  5th  October,  1726,  he  was  ad- 
mitted principal  of  New  Inn  hall,  Oxford,  and  about  the 
same  time  was  appointed  secretary  to  the  earl  of  Arran, 
the  chancellor  of  the  university.  He  was  admitted  a 
Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  the  12th  April, 
1731,  and  a  Fellow  3rd  April,  1732,  when  he  resigned 
his  office  at  New  Inn  hall,  and  settled  in  London.  He 
was  elected  physician  to  the  Westminster  hospital  in 
1733,  and  retained  his  office  there  until  1737.  In  1738 
Dr.  Wigan  accompanied  his  friend  Mr.  afterwards  Sir 
Edward,  Trelawny  (son  of  Sir  Jonathan  Trelawny, 
one  of  the  seven  bishops  committed  to  the  tower  by 

morose    ut    putabatur,    sed    ingenio    prorsus    Hberoque    fastidio. 
Virum   hunc   egregium   lugeant   nostrse   quas  dilexit,   Academise 
lugeat  nostrum  quod  ornavit  Collegium ;  lugeat  denique,  Ars  ipsa 
Medica,  cujus  dignitatem  tueri  semper  studuit." — Oratio  Harveiana 
A.D.  1755,  nabita  p.  34. 


122  BOLL   OF   THE  [1732 

James  II)  to  Jamaica,  in  the  double  capacity  of  physi- 
cian and  secretary.  They  there  married  two  sisters, 
daughters  of  John  Douce,  a  planter  in  the  island.  Mary, 
who  was  married  to  Dr.  Wigan,  was  the  widow  of  Philip 
"Wheeler,  of  Jamaica.  They  had  one  daughter,  Mary 
Trelawny  Wigan  ;  she  married  Hose  Herring  May,  esq., 
one  of  H.M.  counsel  for  Jamaica.  Dr.  Wigan  died  in 
Jamaica  5th  December,  1739,  aged  forty-three.  His 
memorial  still  exists  in  the  cathedral  church  of  St. 
Catherine,  Spanish  town,  Jamaica.  It  is  a  black  marble 
slab,  simply  inscribed — 

Doctr.  John  Wigan,  obiit  5  Deer.  1739,  a?tat.  43. 

Dr.  Wigan's  name  will  always  be  held  in  respect 
by  the  admirers  of  Aretseus,  for  his  splendid  edition 
of  that  author  in  folio,  which  issued  from  the  Claren- 
don press  in  1723.  Maittaire  compiled  the  index  to 
it  at  the  request  of  Dr.  Freind,  who,  it  would  seem 
from  Dr.  Wigan's  dedication  of  the  book  to  him,  de- 
frayed great  part  of  the  expense ;  for  the  editor  says 
that  it  was  "tuo  hortatu  inchoatam,  tua  ope  absolu- 
tam."  When  Boerhaave  published  his  handsome  edition 
of  the  same  author  in  1735,  he  availed  himself  of  the 
labours  both  of  Wigan  and  Maittaire,  and  in  his  dedi- 
cation made  the  following  handsome  acknowledgment 
to  the  former  :  "  Addidi  dein  ilia  omnia,  quse  eximius 
Wiganus  summa  diligentia,  successu  felicissimo,  illus- 
trando  Aretaeo  protulerat,  pulcherrima  ad  literarum 
studia,  artemque  medicam  ;  sola  excepta  version e,  quam 
elaboravit  optimam :  quia  jamdudum  fuerat  absoluta 
impressio  textus  nostrse  edition  is  priusquam  prodiret 
Wiganiana." 

Dr.  Wigan  had  a  share  in  editing  Dr.  Freind 's  works  ; 
and  besides  writing  the  life  of  Freind  in  choice  Latin, 
he  translated  the  "  History  of  Physick "  into  Latin 
and  prefixed  to  the  folio  edition  of  1732  a  long  alcaic 
ode,  dated  15th  July,  1727,  which  he  had  composed  on 
Freind's  appointment  as  physician  to  the  queen/''"  Dr. 
Wigan's  portrait,  a  three-quarter  life  size,  by  Hogarth, 
*  Vide  Alumni  Westmonasterienses,  p.  262. 


1732]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        123 

is  in  the  possession  of  the  Rev.  W.  W.  Harvey,  rector 
of  Eweime,  Oxfordshire,  who  is  descended  ex  parte 
materna  from  Dr.  Wigan,  and  to  whom  T  am  indebted 
for  many  of  the  facts  stated  above. 

FRANK  NICHOLLS,  M.D.,  was  descended  from  a  re- 
spectable family  in  Cornwall,  but  was  born  in  1699  in 
London,  where  his  father  practised  as  a  barrister.  He 
received  his  rudimentary  education  at  a  private  school 
in  the  country,  whence  he  was  removed  to  Westminster. 
Entered  a  sojourner  at  Exeter  college,  Oxford,  4th 
March,  1714,  under  Mr.  John  Haviland,  he  proceeded 
A.B.  14th  November,  1718  ;  A.M.  12th  June,  1721 ; 
M.B.  16th  February,  1724;  and  M.D.  16th  March, 
1729.  From  the  commencement  of  his  medical  studies, 
he  devoted  himself  to  dissections,  and  thus  laid  the 
surest  foundation  for  the  fame  he  subsequently  acquired 
as  an  anatomist  and  physiologist.  He  was  appointed  y 
reader  in  anatomy  in  the  university,  and  in  this  capa-  ^ 
city  obtained  much  reputation  at  Oxford.  His  lectures 
were  commenced  at  an  early  period,  probably  soon 
after  he  took  his  first  degree  in  arts,  and  were  conti- 
nued for  several  successive  years.  During  this  period, 
he  did  not  permanently  reside  at  Oxford ;  but,  when 
his  course  of  lectures  was  completed,  repaired  to  Lon- 
don, where  he  continued  his  anatomical  and  prac- 
tical studies.  He  settled  in  the  first  instance  in  Corn- 
wall, where  he  practised  for  a  time  with  considerable 
reputation,  but  the  fatigue  of  a  country  business  in- 
duced him,  ere  long,  to  return  to  London.  He  visited 
France  arid  Italy  for  the  sake  of  improvement  in  his 
favourite  science,  and  on  his  return  to  England  com-  ( 
menced  a  course  of  lectures  on  anatomy  and  physiology  ) 
in  the  metropolis.  The  novelty  of  his  discoveries,  the 
gracefulness  of  his  manner,  and  the  charms  of  his 
delivery  attracted  to  him  not  only  the  medical  people 
in  every  line,  but  persons  of  all  ranks  and  all  profes- 
sions who  crowded  upon  him  from  every  quarter.  Dr. 
Nicholls  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society 


124  ROLL   OF   THE  \_1732 

in  1728  ;  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
30th  September,  1730  ;  and  a  Fellow  26th  June,  1732. 
He  was  Gulstonian  lecturer  in  1734,  and  again  in 
1736.  On  the  former  occasion  he  selected  as  his  sub- 
ject "  the  Structure  of  the  Heart  and  the  Circulation 
of  the  Blood."  On  the  latter,  "the  Urinary  Organs, 
with  the  Causes,  Symptoms  and  Cure  of  Stone."  He 
was  Censor  in  1735  and  1746,  and  delivered  the  Har- 
veian  oration  in  1739.  Dr.  Nicholls  was  nominated 
Lumleian  lecturer  for  a  term  of  five  years,  30th  August, 
1746,  and  commenced  the  duties  of  that  office  with 
his  elegant  and  weU-known  dissertation  "  De  Anima 
Medica."  On  the  death  of  Dr.  John  Coningham  in  the 
early  part  of  1749,  the  Elects  of  the  College  ignored  the 
claims  and  well-founded  reputation  of  Dr.  Nicholls,  and 
elected  Dr.  Abraham  Hall,  his  junior  in  age  and  stand- 
ing {is  a  Fellow,  into  their  body.  For  an  act  so  disre- 
spectful to  Dr.  Nicholls  no  adequate  cause  has  ever  been 
assigned,  and  contemporary  Fellows  of  the  College  were 
unable  to  explain  it.  Dr.  Nicholls  resigned  his  Lumleian 
lectureship,  and  thenceforward  took  little  part  in  the 
''affairs  of  the  College.  His  wife's  father,  Dr.  Mead, 
seems  to  have  resented  the  slight  offered  to  Dr.  Nicholls, 
and  on  the  9th  April,  1750,  resigned  his  place  as  one  of 
the  eight  Elects  of  the  College. 

In  1743  Dr.  Nicholls  married  Elizabeth,  the  youngest 
daughter  of  Dr.  Mead,  through  whose  influence  he  ob- 
tained considerable  practice.  On  the  death  of  Sir  Hans 
Sloane  in  1753,  he  was  appointed  physician  to  George 
II,  and  held  that  office  until  the  king's  death  in  1760. 
Tired  at  length  of  London,  and  wishing  personally  to 
superintend  the  education  of  his  son,  he  in  1762  re- 
moved to  Oxford  ;  but  when  the  study  of  the  law  re- 
called Mr.  Nicholls  to  London,  the  doctor  retired  to 
Epsom,  where  he  resided  several  years,  devoting  him- 
self to  the  study  of  botany  and  agriculture,  and  died 
7th  January,  1778,  in  the  eightieth  year  of  his  age. 
The  life  of  Dr.  Nicholls  was  written  in  choice  Latin 
by  his  pupil  and  intimate  friend,  Thomas  Lawrence, 


1732]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSIC  CANS.  125 

M.D.,  "  Franci  Nichollsii  Vita,"  4to.  Lond.  1780.  His 
portrait,  engraved  by  John  Hall,  from  a  model  of  Mr. 
Isaac  Gossets,  is  prefixed  thereto.  *  Dr.  Nicholls  was 
the  inventor  of  corroded  anatomical  preparations.  He 
was  one  of  the  first  to  study  and  teach  the  minute 
anatomy  of  tissues,  in  other  words,  general,  as  distin- 
guished from  regional  and  descriptive  anatomy ;  a  sub- 
ject which  he  made  his  own  by  the  originality  and 
precision  of  his  views,  and  to  which  he  devoted  many 
of  the  lectures  of  his  anatomy  course.  Dr.  Nicholls  was 
also  the  first  to  give  a  correct  description  of  the  mode 

*  "  Staturae  fuit  mediocris,  corporis  compact!,  et,  cum  sevi  integer 
erat,  agilis.  Facies  ei  honesta  et  decora ;  vultus  benevolentiam  et 
dignitatem  prae  se  ferens,  ita  ut  primo  aspectu  reverentiam  simul 
et  amorem  astantium  sibi  conciliaret ;  varius  autem  et  mutabilis, 
ut  hominis  naturae  simplicis  et  aperti  motus  animi  ex  oris  immuta- 
tione  facile  cognosceres.  Mira  suavitate  et  perspicuitate  orationis, 
et  in  sermone  f  amiliari  et  in  praelectionibus  usus  est ;  in  his  autem 
id  praecipue  laudis  fuit,  ut  verbis  propriis,  ordine  lucido  extem- 
pore prolatis,  orationem  aliorum  meditatam  et  lepore  et  vi  et 
€i>ap>yeia  facile  vinceret.  In  aegrotorum  curatione  nihil  prius  habuit, 
quam  ut  signa  morbi  propria  a  communibus,  quod  optime  potuit, 
nempe  qui  physiologiam  perspectam  haberet,  sejungeret,  ut  quid 
oppugnandum  esset  cognosceret,  ut  motus,  quibus  ex  naturae  insti- 
tute morbi  causa  vel  vinceretur  vel  expelleretur,  a  motibus  illis, 
quibus  homo  patitur,  nihil  in  malo  amoliendo  agit,  secerneret : 
ilium  enim  medicinam  feliciter  facturum  putavit,  non  qui  sympto- 
matis  supprimendis,  sed,  qui,  ex  naturae  concilio,  vim  ejusdem  fero- 
cientis  temperare,  eamdem  languentem  excitare,  errantem,  in  viam 
reducere  contendit.  Quis  enim  prudens  in  Cholera  materiam  acrem 
per  alvum  excituram  cohiberet  ?  Quis  malo  arthritico  cum  dolore 
et  inflammatione  pedem  occupante,  morbura  in  sanguine  repelleret  ? 
ut  aeger  molliculus  et  doloris  impatiens  avaX^rjaia  frueretur.  Nihil 
siquidem  in  morbis  capitalius  esse  statuit,  quam,  morbi  causa 
minime  expulsa  vel  subacta,  symptomata  evanescere;  unde  vix 
aliud  expectandum  esse  experientia  docemur,  quam  ut  segrotus 
afiaj^-rl  manus  hosti  det.  Medicamentorum  in  curationibus  quod 
satis  esset,  parca  manu  adhibuit ;  religio  quippe  illi  fuit  molestiis 
illis,  quas  morbus  secum  ferebat,  alias  addere.  Literis  Grraecis  et 
Latinis  satis  doctus ;  in  multis  libris  legendis  nonnulloram  ob- 
scuram  diligentiam  contempsit ;  cum  medicinas  principia  vera, 
morborum  facies  varia,  remediorum  utendorum  ratio  paucis  libris 
sint  tradita,  sententiam  vero  cujusque  vel  inepti,  vel  absurdi,  vel 
delirantis,  rogandi  laborem  stultum  censuit."  Franci  Nichollsii 
Vita ;  Thoma  Lawrence  M.D.,  scriptore,  p.  104. 


126  ROLL  OF  THE  [1732 

of  production  of  aneurism  ;  and  he  distinctly  recog- 
nised the  existence  and  office  of  the  vaso-motor 
nerves.*  He  was  the  author  of — 

Compendium  Anafcomioum,  ea  omnia  complectens,  qiiae  ad  Humani 
Corporis  CEconomiam  specbant.  In  usum  Academies  Oxoniensis  con- 
structum,  1732. 

This  ran  to  several  editions,  was  much  enlarged,  and 
eventually  appeared  under  the  title  of  "  Compendium 
Anatomico-CEconomicum. " 

De  Anima  Medica  Praelectio.     4to.     Lond.,  1750. 

To  the  second  edition  of  which,  in  1775,  he  added  a 
dissertation  "  De  Motu  Cordis  et  Sanguinis  in  Homine 
nato  et  non  nato." 

The  Petition  of  the  Unborn  Babes  to  the  Censors  of  the  Royal 
College  of  Physicians.  4to.  Lond.  1751. 

PELHAM  JOHNSTON,  M.D.,  was  born  in  York,  and  was 
the  son  of  Cud  worth  Johnston,  M.D.,  a  distinguished 
physician  of  that  city,  who  died  in  1692,  by  his  wife 
Margaret,  a  daughter  of  John  Pelham,  of  Hull.  He 
was  educated  at  Sedburgh  school,  and  on  the  2nd  May, 
1700,  being  then  nineteen  years  of  age,  was  admitted  a 
sizar  of  St.  John's  college,  Cambridge.  He  proceeded 
M.B.  1711;  M.D.  26th  April,  1728;  was  admitted  a 
Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1731  ; 
and  a  Fellow  30th  September,  1732.  He  died  at  West- 
minster, 10th  August,  1765. 

ABRAHAM  HALL,  M.D.  was  born  in  Yorkshire,  and, 
after  a  good  preliminary  education,  was  entered  at  Tri- 
nity college,  Cambridge,  as  a  member  of  which  he  pro- 
ceeded M.B.  1 725,  M.D.  1728.  He  was  admitted  a  Can- 
didate of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  September,  1731, 

*  "  At  arterias  nunquam  non  comitantur  nervi,  qui  surculos  suos 
in  earnndem  tunicas  irnmittiint,  quorum  sensu  peculiari  sanguinis 
stimulus  persentiscitur,  pulsus  moderamen  fit,  humorum  in  vasa, 
justa  fit  distributio,  succorum  utilium  confectioni  et  secretioni, 
inutilium  autem  expulsioni  prospicitur."  Franci  Nichollsii  Vita 
scriptore  Tho.  Lawrence,  p.  18. 


1732]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  127 

and  a  Fellow  30th  September,  1732  ;  was  Censor  in  1734 
and  1 745,  and  was  named  an  Elect  2  7th  February,  1 748-9. 
Dr.  Hall  was  physician  to  St.  Thomas's  hospital,  and  to 
the  Charterhouse  :  the  former  appointment  he  resigned 
in  1749,  but  he  continued  to  hold  the  latter  until  his 
death,  which  took  place  at  his  official  residence  in  Char- 
terhouse-square, 5th  February,  1751. 

JAMES  SHERAKD,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  George  Sher- 
ard,  of  Bushby,  in  Leicestershire,  and  was  born  in  1666. 
He  was  educated  at  Merchant  Taylors'  school,  and  in 
February,  1681-2,  was  apprenticed  to  Mr.  Charles 
Watts,  an  apothecary,  who,  shortly  before,  had  been  ap- 
pointed to  the  care  and  management  of  the  Botanical 
garden  at  Chelsea,  a  circumstance  which  must  have 
given  his  apprentice  the  opportunity  of  cultivating  a 
taste  for  botany,  and  no  doubt  laid  the  foundation  of  his 
future  excellence  in  that  science.  He  practised  for  many 
years  as  an  apothecary,  in  Mark-lane,  and  accumulated 
an  ample  fortune.  He  was  a  man  of  extensive  attain- 
ments, an  accomplished  musician,  and  an  excellent  bo- 
tanist ;  and  at  his  country  house  at  Eltham,  in  Kent,  he 
had  a  good  garden,  richly  stocked  with  exotic  plants. 
His  brother,  William  Sherard,  D.C.L.,  fellow  of  St. 
John's  college,  Oxford,  who  had  been  English  consul  at 
Smyrna,  was  scarcely  less  eminent  as  a  botanist.  He 
cultivated  an  extensive  garden  at  his  country  house  near 
Smyrna,  which  he  enriched  with  the  rarer  products  of 
Natolia  and  Greece,  and  there  began  to  form  his  cele- 
brated herbarium,  which  eventually  comprised  12,000 
species.  He  died  in  1728,  and  bequeathed  to  the  uni- 
versity of  Oxford  his  library,  herbarium,  and  3,000?.  for 
the  endowment  of  a  professorship  of  botany,  directing 
that  the  nomination  shou]d  for  ever  be  in  the  gift  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  of  London.  To  James  Sherard 
devolved  the  office  of  carrying  into  effect  his  brother's 
bequest ;  on  the  completion  of  which,  the  university  of 
Oxford  conferred  upon  him  the  degree  of  doctor  of  me- 
dicine, by  diploma,  2nd  July,  1731.  He  had  then  for 


128  ROLL  OF  THE  [1733 

several  years  retired  from  the  business  of  an  apothecary, 
and  had  withdrawn  to  Eltham.  The  College  of  Physi- 
cians, to  mark  their  sense  of  the  patronage  vested  in 
them  as  the  electors  of  the  Oxford  professorship,  on  the 
recommendation  of  their  President,  Sir  Hans  Sloane, 
agreed  to  admit  him  to  the  Fellowship  without  exami- 
nation, and  without  the  payment  of  fees.  The  propo- 
sition was  submitted  to  the  College,  26th  June,  1732, 
and  Dr.  James  Sherard  was  admitted  a  Fellow  at  the 
nextComitia,  30th  September,  1732.  He  continued  to 
reside  at  Eltham,  where  he  pursued  his  favourite  occu- 
pation— the  cultivation  of  valuable  and  rare  plants — a 
curious  catalogue  of  which  was  published  by  Dillenius 
in  1732,  under  the  title,  "  Hortus  Elthamensis,  sive  Plan- 
tarum  Rariarum  quas  in  Horto  suo  Elthami  in  Cantio 
colligit  vir  ornatissimus  et  praestantissimus  Jac.  Sherard, 
M.D.  Reg.  Soc.  et  Coll.  Med.  Lond.  Soc.,"  &c.,  &c. 

Dr.  Sherard  died,  sine  prole,  12th  February,  1737-8, 
leaving  behind  him  150,000£.  He  was  buried  in  the 
church  of  Evington,  near  Leicester,  where  he  possessed 
much  property.  A  marble  tablet,  with  the  following 
epitaph,  was  erected  by  his  widow  in  the  chancel — 

M.S. 

JACOBI  SHERARD,  M.D. 
Colleg.  Medic.  Lond.  efc  Soc.  Beg.  Soc. 

Viri  multifari  doctrina  cultissimi, 
in  Rerum  naturalium,  Botanices  imprimis,  scientia 

pene  singularis, 
et  ne  quid  ad  oblectandos  amicos  deesset 

Artis  Musicae  peritissimi. 

Accesserant  illi  in  laudis  cumulum 

mores  Christiani,  vitae  integritas, 

et  erga  omnes  comitas  et  benevolentia. 

Obiit  prid.  Id.  Feb.  A.D.  MDCCXXXVII. 

Annos  natus  LXXIT. 

EDMUND  WATSON,  M.D.,  was  a  doctor  of  medicine, 
but  of  what  university  is  not  recorded.  He  practised 
at  Stockport,  Cheshire,  and  was  admitted  an  Extra- 
Licentiate  of  the  College  30th  April,  1733.  His  library 
was  sold  at  auction,  by  Leacroft,  in  1776. 


1734]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  129 

JOHN  COLLET,  M.D.,  was  born  in  London,  and  on  the 
3rd  September,  1729,  being  then  twenty  years  of  age, 
was  entered  on  the  physic  line  at  Leyden,  where  he 
graduated  doctor  of  medicine  in  1731  (D.M.I,  de  Peste, 
4to.).  He  was  admitted  an  Extra- Licentiate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  6th  July,  1733,  and  settling  at 
Newbury,  practised  there  with  distinguished  reputation 
for  nearly  half  a  century.  He  died,  universally  re- 
gretted, on  the  12th  May,  1780.  Dr.  Collet  was  a  dis- 
senter, and  his  funeral  sermon  was  preached  in  a  Pres- 
byterian chapel  in  Newbury. 

THOMAS  WHITE,  of  Manchester,  was  admitted  an 
Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  July, 
1733. 

JOHN  CKESSWELL,  of  Edmonton,  was  admitted  an 
Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  on  the  27th  of  Septem- 
ber, 1733. 

CHARLES  ASHENDEN  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  19th  October,  1733.  He  practised 
at  Durham. 

HUGH  OWEN,  M.D.,  was  educated  at  Leyden,  where 
on  the  26th  September,  1730,  in  the  rectorship  of  Boer- 
haave,  he  was  entered  on  the  physic  line,  being  then 
twenty- three  years  of  age.  He  graduated  doctor  of  me- 
dicine at  Rheims  17th  October,  1733,  and  was  admitted 
an  Extra- Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  27th 
February,  1733-4.  He  practised  in  Merionethshire. 

JOHN  EATON,  M.D.,  a  native  of  Cheshire,  and  a  doctor 
of  medicine  of  Aberdeen,  of  12th  June,  1727,  was  ad- 
mitted a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  8th 
April,  1734.  Dr.  Eaton  was  elected  physician  to  the 
Middlesex  hospital  6th  July,  1749,  and  resigned  that 
office  4th  July,  1751.  He  died  in  1770. 

WILLIAM  MUSHEL  MAYNARD,  of  Wigan,  was  admitted 

VOL.   II.  K 


130  ROLL   OF   THE  [1735 

an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  25th  July,  1734.    He 
died  in  May,  1737. 

BROWNE  LANGRISH,  M.D. — Of  the  birthplace,  pa- 
rentage, or  education  of  this  excellent  practical  physi- 
cian, 1  can  recover  no  particulars.  He  was  certainly 
practising  as  a  surgeon  at  Petersfield,  in  Hampshire,  in 
1733,  when  his  Essay  on  Muscular  Motion  was  pub- 
lished. He  was  still  there  on  the  25th  July,  1734, 
when  he  was  admitted  an  Extra- Licentiate  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians,  and  began  to  practise  as  a  physician. 
He  subsequently  removed  from  Petersfield  to  Winches- 
ter or  Basingstoke  (I  am  not  sure  which),  and  died  at 
the  last-named  town  12th  November,  1759.  Dr.  Lang- 
rish  was  elected  a  fellow  of  the  Koyal  Society  16th 
May,  1734.  From  his  own  original  experiments  de- 
tailed in  one  of  the  works  mentioned  below,  with  the 
Aqua  Lauro-Cerasi  he  saw  reason  to  infer  that  it  might 
be  beneficial  in  the  treatment  of  disease.  He  may, 
therefore,  be  credited  with  having  in  reality  suggested 
the  employment  of  prussic  acid  as  a  remedy.  He  was 
the  author  of — 

A  New  Essay  on  Muscular  Motion,  founded  on  Experiments, 
Observations,  and  the  Newtonian  Philosophy.  870.  Lond.  1733. 

The  Modern  Theory  and  Practice  of  Physick,  wherein  the  ante- 
cedent Causes  of  Diseases ;  the  rise  of  the  most  Usual  Symptoms 
incident  to  them ;  and  the  true  Methods  of  Cure  are  explained.  8vo. 
Lond.  1735. 

Physical  Experiments  upon  Brutes  to  discover  a  Method  of  dis- 
solving Stone  in  the  Bladder  by  Injections ;  to  which  is  added  a 
Course  of  Experiments  with  the  Lauro-Cerasus ;  on  Fumes  of  Sul- 
phur, &c.  8vo.  Lond.  1746. 

Plain  Directions  in  regard  to  the  Small  Pox.     4to.  Lond.  1758. 

FRANCIS  DOUCE,  M.D.,  was  bred  a  surgeon.  Having 
been  disfranchised  of  the  company  of  Barber  Surgeons, 
he  was,  on  the  31st  March,  1735,  admitted  a  Licentiate 
of  the  College  of  Physicians.  He  was  created  doctor  of 
medicine  by  the  university  of  Aberdeen  15th  May,  1750, 
and  died  at  Hackney  16th  September,  1760,  aged 
eighty-four.  His  portrait,  on  horseback,  set.  seventy- 


ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  131 

five,    was  painted  by  W.   Keable,   and   engraved  by 
McArdell. 

WILLIAM  WHITAKER,  M.D.,  a  native  of  Yorkshire, 
was  on  the  1 7th  September,  1717,  entered  on  the  physic 
line  at  Ley  den,  and  there  in  the  following  year  he  gra- 
duated doctor  of  medicine  (D.M.I,  de  Cantharidibus). 
He  was  created  doctor  of  medicine  at  Cambridge  (comi- 
tiis  Regiis),  26th  April,  1728  ;  was  admitted  a  Candi- 
date of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  September,  1734, 
and  a  Fellow  30th  September,  1735.  He  was  Censor 
in  1738,  and  his  name  disappears  from  the  College  lists 
in  1744. 

JOHN  GLANVILL,  of  St.  Michael's,  Cornwall,  was  ad- 
mitted an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
13th  July,  1736.  , 

HENRY  BANYER,  of  Wisbeach,  was  admitted  an 
Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  30th  July,  1736.  He 
was  the  author  of  the 

Pharmacopaeia  Pauperum;  or,  the  Hospital  Dispensatory,  con 
taining  the  chief  medicines  now  used  in  the  Hospitals  of  London. 
12mo.  Lond.  1721. 

A  Methodical  Introduction  to  the  Art  of  Surgery.  4to.  Lond. 
1717. 

MATTHEW  CLARKE,  M.D.,  was  born  in  London,  and  on 
the  5th  September,  1721,  being  then  twenty  years  of 
age,  was  entered  on  the  physic  line  at  Leyden.  He 
was  created  doctor  of  medicine  at  Cambridge  (comitiis 
Regiis)  in  1728.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  30th  September,  1735  ;  a  Fellow 
30th  September,  1736,  and  was  Censor  in  1743.  Dr. 
Clarke  was  elected  physician  to  Guy's  hospital  31st 
March,  1732,  and  resigned  that  office  23rd  January, 
1754;  soon  after  which  he  retired  from  practice,  and 
removed  to  Tottenham,  where  he  died  in  November, 
1778. 

K  2 


132  BOLL   OF   THE  [1736 

WILLIAM  CLARK,  M.D.,  a  native  of  Wiltshire,  was 
educated  at  Leyden.  He  was  entered  on  the  physic 
line  there  19th  November,  1726,being  then  twenty-eight 
years  of  age,  and  he  graduated  doctor  of  medicine  in 
that  university  on  the  31st  July,  1727  (D.M.I,  de  Viribus 
Animi  pathematum  in  Corpus  Hurnanum,  4to.).  He 
was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
30th  September,  1736.  He  practised  in  London  for 
some  years ;  but  a  favourable  opening  for  a  physician 
having  presented  itself  at  Bradford,  co.  Wilts,  he  re- 
moved thither  in  1747.  Dr.  Clark  retired  from  practice 
in  1772,  when  he  withdrew  to  Colchester,  and  died 
there  in  or  about  the  year  1780. 

He  was  the  author  of — 

A  Medical  Dissertation  concerning  the  Effects  of  the  Passions  on 
Human  Bodies.  8vo.  Lond.  1753. 

The  Province  of  Midwives  in  the  Practice  of  their  Art,  instructing 
them  in  the  timely  knowledge  of  such  difficulties  as  require  the 
timely  assistance  of  Men  for  the  Preservation  of  Mother  and  Child. 
8vo.  Lond.  1751. 

ROBERT  HOPWOOD,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Lancashire, 
and  educated  at  Christchurch,  Oxford.  He  took  the 
two  degrees  in  arts, — A.B.  19th  October,  1716;  A.M. 
19th  October,  1719;  and  then,  accumulating  those  in 
physic,  proceeded  M.D.  5th  July,  1726.  He  was  ad- 
mitted a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  22nd 
December,  1735  ;  a  Fellow,  29th  December,  1736  ;  was 
Censor  in  1740  ;  and  Harveian  orator  in  1741.  In  1745 
Dr.  Hopwood  left  London  and  settled  at  Manchester, 
where  he  died  19th  July,  1762. 

BENJAMIN  HOADLEY,  M.D.,  was  the  eldest  son  of 
Benjamin  Hoadley,  D.D.,  who  died  bishop  of  Winches- 
ter in  1761.  Our  physician  was  born  in  Broad-street, 
City,  10  February,  1705-6,  and  was  educated  at  a  school 
kept  by  Dr.  Newcome,  of  Hackney.  He  was  entered 
at  Corpus  Christi  college,  Cambridge,  in  1722,  as  a 
member  of  which  house  he  proceeded  M.B.  in  1727,  and 
in  April,  1728,  was  created  doctor  of  medicine,  comitiis 


1736]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        133 

Regiis.  He  then  settled  in  London,  was  elected  a  fel- 
low of  the  Royal  Society,  and  admitted  a  Candidate  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  22nd  December,  1735  ;  and  a 
Fellow,  29th  December,  1736.  He  was  Gulstonian  lec- 
turer in  1737,  Censor  in  1739,  and  Harveian  orator  in 
1742.  On  the  28th  April,  1735,  Dr.  Hoadley  was 
elected  physician  to  St.  George's  hospital,  and  in  1736  to 
the  Westminster  hospital,  both  of  which  appointments 
he  continued  to  hold  for  some  years.  That  at  the  West- 
minster hospital  he  resigned  in  1746,  and  that  at  St. 
George's  in  1751.  He  was  appointed  physician  to  the 
king's  household  in  June,  1742,  and  physician  to  the 
household  of  the  prince  of  Wales  in  January,  1745-6. 
Dr.  Hoadley  died  in  August,  1757.  He  was  the  author 
of  "  The  Suspicious  Husband,"  a  comedy  :  and  he  pub- 
lished his  Harveian  oration,  and  his  Gulstonian  lectures 
— the  latter  on  the  Organs  of  Respiration,  to  which  he 
added  an  appendix,  containing  "  Remarks  on  some  Ex- 
periments of  Dr.  Houlston,  published  in  the  Philosophi- 
cal Transactions."  This  appendix  is  said  by  Haller  to  be 
a  very  ingenious  defence  of  a  bad  cause.  Its  author 
is  described  by  Haller  as  "  elegantis  ingenii  vir,  poeta 
etiam  comicus."* 

THOMAS  REEVE,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Middlesex,  and 
educated  at  Emmanuel  college,  Cambridge,  as  a  member 
of  which  he  proceeded  M.B.  1727,  and  M.D.  1732.  He 
had  studied  physic  for  some  time  at  Leyden  under  Boer- 
haave  and  Albinus,  and  was  entered  there  18th  October, 
1725.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  22nd  December,  1735;  and  a  Fellow  29th 
December,  1736.  He  was  Registrar  from  1739  to  1741 
inclusive  ;  Censor  in  1741  and  1749  ;  Elect,  19th  Janu- 
ary, 1750;  Consiliarius,  1751,  1752,  1753;  and  Presi- 
dent from  1754  to  1763  included.  Dr.  Reeve  was 
elected  physician  to  St.  Thomas's  hospital  in  1740,  and 
resigned  that  appointment  in  1760.  Dr.  Reeve  died  at 

*  Bibliotb.  Anat.  vol.  ii.,  p.  326. 


134  BOLL   OF   THE  [1737 

his  house  in  Throgmorton-street,  3rd   October,   1780, 
aged  eighty.     He  was  probably  the  author  of 

A  Cure  for  the  Epidemical  Madness  of  drinking  Tar  Water.  By 
T.  R.  8vo.  Lond.  1744. 

ROBERT  BANKES,  M.D.,  was  born  in  London,  and 
educated  at  Eton,  whence  he  was  elected,  in  1720,  to 
King's  college,  Cambridge,  of  which  society  he  was  a 
fellow.  He  proceeded  A.B.  1724  ;  A.M.  1728  ;  M.D. 
1735  ;  and  the  same  year  was  appointed  professor  of 
anatomy  in  the  university.  He  was  admitted  a  Candi- 
date of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1736  ; 
and  a  Fellow  25th  June,  1737  ;  was  Gulstonian  lec- 
turer in  1738  ;  Censor  in  1739  ;  and  Harveian  orator 
in  1743.  Dr.  Bankes  was  chosen  physician  to 
Christ's  hospital  in  April,  1737,  and  died  in  November, 
1746. 

AMBROSE  DAWSON,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Yorkshire,  and 
was  the  son  of  William  Dawson,  of  Langcliff,  esq.,  by 
his  wife  Jane,  a  daughter  of  the  ancient  family  of  Pud- 
sey,  of  Bolton,  in  that  county.  He  was  educated  at 
Christ's  college,  Cambridge.  He  proceeded  M.B.  1730  ; 
M.D.  1735  ;  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  25th  June,  1736;  and  a  Fellow,  25th  June, 
1737.  He  was  Censor  in  1740,  1746,  1751,  1756  ; 
Harveian  orator  in  1744 ;  Elect,  9th  April,  1750 ;  and 
Consiliarius,  1755,  1756,  1757,  1759.  He  was  elected 
physician  to  St.  George's  hospital,  27th  April,  1745, 
and  retained  that  office  until  1760.  "He  resided  in 
Grosvenor-street,  where  he  practised  in  a  very  unosten- 
tatious way,  and  was  a  most  charitable  man.  Upon  his 
leaving  London  about  1776,  to  reside  at  Lancliif  hall, 
and  when  presents  of  plate  were  not  quite  so  frequent 
as  they  are  now,  he  received  from  the  parish  of  St. 
George,  Hanover-square,  a  magnificent  tea-urn  in  the 
fashion  of  the  time,  with  an  inscription  which  may  be 
considered  a  volume  in  a  few  words.  '  The  parish  of 


1737]  ROYAL   COLLEGE  OF   PHYSICIANS.  135 

St.  George  Hanover-square  bo  Ambrose  Dawson  esquire. 
M.D.     Infirmus  et  visitastis  me.'  "* 

Lancliff  hall  not  agreeing  with  him,  Dr.  Dawson 
eventually  removed  to  Liverpool,  where  he  died  after  a 
short  illness,  on  the  23rd  December,  1794,  in  his 
eighty-eighth  year,  being  then  the  senior  fellow  of  our 
college.  He  was  buried  at  Bolton.  We  have  from  his 
pen — 

Thoughts  on  the  Hydrocephalus  Interims.     8vo.  Lond.  1778. 
Observations  on  Hydatids  in  the  Heads  of  Cattle.     8vo.  Lond. 

1778. 

SAMUEL  HORSMAN,  M.D. — A  native  of  Middlesex, 
was  entered  on  the  physic  line  at  Leyden  7th  Sep- 
tember, 1719,  aged  twenty-one,  and  graduated  doctor 
of  medicine  there  in  1721  (D.M.I,  de  Calculo  Renum 
et  Vesicse,  4to.).  He  was  created  doctor  of  medicine 
at  Cambridge  (comitiis  Regiis)  25th  June,  1728.  Dr. 
Horsman  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  30th  September,  1736,  and  a  Fellow  30th 
September,  1737.  He  was  Censor  in  1741,  1748,  1751 ; 
Treasurer  from  1746  to  1751  inclusive  ;  and  Elect  4th 
March,  1751.  He  died  22nd  November,  1751. 

JOSEPH  LETHERLAND,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Warwick- 
shire, and  received  his  medical  education  at  Leyden. 
He  was  inscribed  on  the  books  of  that  university 
30th  September,  1722,  and  attended  the  lectures  of  S 
Boerhaave,  Albinus,  and  Oosterdijk  Schacht.  He  pro- 
ceeded doctor  of  medicine  there  in  1724  (Spec.  Inaug. 
Veterum.  Medicorum  sententias  de  Phrenitide  curanda 
complectens,  4to.).  He  was  created  doctor  of  medicine 
at  Cambridge,  by  royal  mandate,  9th  April,  1736  ;  was  } 
admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th 
September,  1736  ;  and  a  Fellow  30th  September,  1737. 
He  was  Censor  1742,  1749  ;  Consiliarius,  1757  ;  and 
was  named  an  Elect  28th  April,  1757.  Dr.  Letherland 
was  a  man  of  deep  and  very  extensive  learning,  but  of 

*  Gent.  Mag..  June,  1841. 


136  ROLL   OF    THE  [1737 

retired  habits,  and  very  little  known  even  in  his  own 
profession,  although  he  contributed  by  his  literary  in- 
formation to  the  popularity  of  more  than  one  of  his 
colleagues.  Much  of  the  valuable  matter  in  Dr.  Fother- 
gill's  Account  of  the  Putrid  Sore  Throat,  Loncl.,  1748, 
is  generally  allowed  to  have  been  derived  from  Dr. 
Letheiland.  He  was  much  esteemed  by  Dr.  Heberden, 
and  in  1761,  when  that  physician's  extensive  practice 
made  it  inconvenient  for  him  to  accept  the  appointment 
of  physician  to  the  queen,  the  king,  who  had  always 
shown  towards  Dr.  Heberden  the  greatest  esteem  and 
regard,  readily  adopted  his  disinterested  recommenda- 
tion of  Dr.  Letherland,  who  was  thereupon  appointed 
to  the  situation.  Dr.  Letherland  was  elected  physician 
to  St.  Thomas's  hospital  in  1736,  and  resigned  that 
office  in  1759.  He  died  on  the  31st  of  March,  1764, 
and  was  buried  in  the  church  of  St.  Mary  Alderman- 
bury,  where  there  is  a  plain  tablet  with  the  following 
inscription : — 

In  memory  of 

JOSEPH  LETHERLAND,  late  of  this  parish,  M.D. 
Fellow  of  the  Royal  College  of  Physicians, 

One  of  the  physicians  to  the  Queen, 

And  some  time  one  of  the  physicians  to  St.  Thomas's  Hospital. 
He  was  born  at  Stratford-npon-Avon,  A.D.  1699, 

And  departed  this  life  March  31,  1764; 
Not  less  eminent  for  the  integrity  of  his  heart, 

And  benevolence  of  his  disposition, 
Than  for  his  knowledge  in  all  parts  of  polite  and  useful  literature.* 

He  was  the  author  of — 


*  "  Inter  erudites  non  praetereundus  est  Letberlandus,  senio 
defunctus  post  vitam  literatam  civibus  suis  utilissimam.  Hnic 
debemus,  ni  fallor,  notas  quasdam  breves,  quibus  refelleret  calum- 
niam  a  viro  doctissimo,  iisque  non  indigno,  medicis  Bomanis  illa- 
tam.  Sed  quod  majoris  est  momenti,  ipse  nostratium  primus 
faucium  ulcera  gangreenosa  animadvertit,  felicemque  medendi  ra- 
tionem  non  casu,  sed  e  libris,  Hispaniornm  preecipue,  diligenter 
perlectis  et  observationibus  collatis  investigatam,  cum  Collegis  suis 
communicavit."  Oratio  Harveiana  anno  MDCCLXV  habita,  auctore 
Tbo.  Healde. 


1738]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  137 

Notae  breves  in  Diss  :  de  Medicorum  apud  Romanes  conditione  a 
C.  Middleton  editam.  8vo.  Lond.  1726. 

RENALD  COMARQUE,  M.D.,  was  a  native  of  Middle- 
sex, educated  at  Corpus  Christi  college,  Cambridge.  He 
studied  physic  at  Leyden,andwas  inscribed  on  the  books 
of  that  university,  2  6th  October,  171 9,  being  then  twenty- 
one  years  of  age.  He  proceeded  M.B.  at  Cambridge  in 
1728,  and  was  the  same  year  created  doctor  of  medi- 
cine, comitiis  Regiis.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  30th  September,  1736,  and  a 
Fellow  30th  September,  1737.  His  name  disappears 
from  the  list  in  1742. 

CHARLES  COTES,  M.D.,  was  the  second  son  of  John 
Cotes,  of  Woodcote,  Shropshire,  esquire,  by  his  wife, 
lady  Dorothy  Shirley.  He  was  entered  at  Magdalen 
hall,  Oxford,  of  which  his  uncle,  Digby  Cotes,  D.D.  was 
then  principal,  and  as  a  member  of  that  house  took 
the  degree  of  A.B.  27th  June,  1723.  Elected  a  fellow 
of  All  Souls'  college,  he  removed  thither,  and  proceeded 
B.C.L.  27th  October,  1727;  D.C.L.  1st  July,  1732. 
On  the  24th  November,  1736,  he  was  created  doctor  of 
medicine  at  Oxford  by  diploma  ;  was  admitted  a  Candi- 
date of  the  College  of  Physicians  4th  April,  1737  ;  and 
a  Fellow  27th  March,  1738.  Dr.  Cotes  delivered  the 
Gulstonian  lectures  in  1739,  the  Harveian  oration  in 
1745,  and  was  Censor  in  1743.  He  was  elected  phy- 
sician to  the  Westminster  hospital  in  1733,  and  re- 
tained his  office  until  1739.  Dr.  Cotes  married  Wil- 
liamina,  the  only  daughter  of  Cheselden,  the  surgeon. 
He  was  returned  a  member  of  parliament  for  the  bo- 
rough of  Tamworth  in  1734,  and  again  in  1741  ;  and  he 
died  without  issue  21st  March,  1748. 

HENRY  EICHARDSON,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  John 
Richardson  of  Alnwick,  an  Extra- Licentiate  of  the  Col- 
lege already  mentioned,  and  was  born  there  about  1713. 
He  was  a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Leyden,  of  1735 


138  BOLL  OF  THE  [1738 

(D.M.I,  de  efficaci&  Exercitationum  in  sanitate  tuenda, 
4 to.),  then  practising  at  Alnwick,in  Northumberland, and 
was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  on  the 
28th  of  June,  1738.  He  survived  just  half  a  century, 
dying  on  the  18th  March,  1788,  aged  seventy-five.  His 
eldest  son  James,  baptized  at  Alnwick  2nd  August, 
1745,  was  bred  a  physician:  he  graduated  at  Edin- 
burgh in  1770,  and  settled  at  Wakefield. 

ADDISON  HUTTON,  M.D.,  was  the  last  heir  male  of 
an  ancient  family  in  Cumberland,  the  Buttons  of  Gale 
and  of  Hutton  hall,  Penrith,  who  trace  back  to  Adam  de 
Hoton,  in  the  reign  of  Edward  I.  He  was  of  Queen's 
college,  Oxford,  and  proceeded  A.B.  5th  July,  1731 ; 
A.M.  4th  July,  1732  ;  M.B.  8th  July,  1734  ;  M.D.  8th 
July,  1737.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  30th  September,  1737  ;  and  a  Fel- 
low 30th  September,  1738.  Dr.  Hutton  was  one  of  the 
physicians  to  St.  George's  hospital,  to  which  office  he 
was  elected  22nd  October,  1736.  He  died  30th  March, 
1742. 

WILLIAM  BEDFORD,  M.D.,  was  the  eldest  son  of  Hil- 
kiah  Bedford,  A.M.,  by  his  wife  Alice,  a  daughter  of 
William  Cooper,  esq.  He  was  educated  at  St.  John's 
college,  Cambridge,  and  proceeded  A.B.  in  1721,  A.M. 
1725.  He  entered  himself  on  the  physic  line  at  Ley  den 
10th  September,  1727.  In  1737  he  was  created  doctor 
of  medicine  at  Cambridge  by  royal  mandate,  and  then 
settling  in  London  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  30th  September,  1737,  and  a  Fel- 
low 30th  September,  1738.  He  delivered  the  Gulsto- 
nian  lectures  in  1740  ;  was  Censor  in  1742  and  1745, 
and  Registrar  in  1745  and  1746.  Dr.  Bedford  was  ap- 
pointed physician  to  Christ's  hospital  in  November  1746. 
He  died  10th  July,  1747,  and  is  commemorated  by  the 
following  inscription  in  the  church  of  St.  Nicholas,  Cold 
Abbey :— 


1738]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        139 

GDLIELMO  BEDFORD,  M.D. 

Coll.  Med.  Soc.  et  Registr.,  R.S.S. 

et  in  Orphanotrophio  .5M.  Christi  Med.  ; 

Viro  probitate,  prudentia,  et  modestissimis  moribus  conspicuo : 
cui  etiam  id  maxime  tribuendum  est  laudis, 

quod  tanta  esset  mentis  solertia, 

Tit  rebus  gerandis  natus,  ingenio  tarn  amabili, 

ut  ad  amicitiae  et  humanitatis  officia  ornanda 

proprio  quodam  naturae  munere  factus  videretur : 

qui,  cuin  multa  linguarum  ac  rerum  scientia, 

et  assiduo  virtutum  socialium  studio, 
suam  pariter  artem  nomenque  cohonestasset, 

Anno  astatis  42,  febre  correptus, 
uxori,  consanguineis,  amicis  desideratissimus, 

obiit  die  x.  Julii,  A.D.  1747. 
Elizabetha  conjux  mcestissima  P. 

He  was  the  intimate  friend  of  Thomas  Hearne,  the  anti- 
quary, who,  according  to  the  "  Gentleman's  Magazine,"* 
"  left  his  MSS.,  which  are  very  numerous,  to  Dr.  William 
Bedford,  physician  in  London." 

SAMUEL  JOHNSON,  A.M.,  was  the  son  of  Samuel  John- 
son, gent.,  and  was  born  in  Canterbury.  He  was  edu- 
cated at  the  grammar  school  there  under  Mr.  Le  Hunt ; 
and  on  the  3rd  July,  1727,  when  seventeen  years  of  age, 
was  admitted  a  pensioner  of  St.  John's  college,  Cam- 
bridge, as  a  member  of  which  he  proceeded  A.B.  1730  ; 
A.M.  1738.  He  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  25th  October,  1738.  He  prac- 
tised at  Canterbury,  and,  dying  there  20th  June,  1763, 
was  buried  on  the  24th  at  St.  Mary's  Northgate,  in  that 
city. 

WILLIAM  BATTIE,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Modbury,  in 
the  county  of  Devon,  in  1704,  and  was  the  son  of 
the  rev.  Edward  Battie,  vicar  of  that  place,  formerly  an 
assistant  master  at  Eton,  whom  he  had  the  misfortune 
to  lose  in  September,  1714,  when  only  ten  years  old. 
He  was  educated  at  Eton,  where  his  mother  resided 
after  her  husband's  death,  in  order  to  assist  her  son 
with  those  necessary  accommodations  which  the  narrow- 
*  Vol.  v,  p.  333. 


140  ROLL   OF   THE  [1738 

ness  of  her  finances  would  not  permit  her  to  provide  in 
any  other  way.  He  is  said  to  have  manifested  much 
industry  and  desire  for  advancement  at  Eton,  and  in 
the  year  1722  was  transferred  to  King's  college,  Cam- 
bridge, where  he  succeeded  in  obtaining  a  scholar- 
ship, upon  the  nomination  of  the  earl  of  Craven.  His 
inclination  would  have  led  him  to  the  bar,  but  circum- 
stances concurring  to  frustrate  his  wishes,  he  applied 
himself  to  physic.  He  proceeded  A.B.  in  1726,  and 
A.M.  in  1730,  and  then,  obtaining  a  licence  ad  prac- 
ticandum  from  the  university,  commenced  practice  at 
Cambridge,  and  delivered  lectures  there  on  anatomy, 
which  were  well  attended,  and  among  others,  by  Horace 
Walpole.  Shortly  before  this  he  had  published  "  Iso- 
cratis  Orationes  Septem  et  Epistolse  :  codicibus  MSS. 
nonnullis  et  impressis  melioris  notae  exemplaribus  col- 
latis  •  varias  lectiones  subjicit,  versionem  novam  no- 
tasque  ex  Hieronymo  Wolfio  notissimum  desumptas 
adjecit  Gul :  Battie  Coll :  Reg  :  Cantab  :  Socius."  This 
publication  exposed  him  both  then  and  subsequently  to 
some  very  satirical  remarks. 

A  fair  opening  for  a  physician  presenting  itself  at 
Uxbridge,  he  left  Cambridge  and  settled  there.  The 
provost  of  Eton,  Dr.  Godolphin,  held  him  in  much  es- 
teem, and  took  a  singular  manner  of  evincing  it.  Upon 
Battie's  fixing  in  practice  at  Uxbridge,  the  provost  sent 
his  carriage  and  four  horses  for  him  as  a  patient ;  but 
when  the  doctor  sat  down  to  write  his  prescription,  the 
provost,  then  ninety-four  years  of  age,  raising  himself 
up,  said,  "  You  need  not  trouble  yourself  to  write ;  I 
only  sent  for  you  to  give  you  credit  in  the  neighbour- 
hood." Battie's  success  at  Uxbridge  was  considerable, 
and  he  succeeded  in  laying  by  some  money,  to  which 
was  added  some  time  afterwards  a  bequest  of  20,OOOZ. 
from  a  relative.  He  took  his  degree  of  doctor  of  medi- 
cine at  Cambridge  in  1 737,  and  the  same  year  removed 
to  London.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  22nd  December,  1737  ;  arid  a  Fellow 
22nd  December,  1738  ;  was  Censor  in  1743, 1747,  1749  ; 


1738]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OP  PHYSICIANS.        141 

Harveian  orator  in  1746  ;  Elect,  22nd  May,  1755;  Con- 
siliarius,  1758,  1760,  1763  ;  and  President  in  1764.  In 
November,  1749,  he  was  appointed  Lumleian  lecturer, 
and  held  that  office  for  five  years,  when  he  was  suc- 
ceeded by  Dr.  Lawrence.  The  substance  of  some  of 
these  lectures  he  published  under  the  title 

De  Principiis  Animalibus  Exercitationes  in  Collegio.  Reg.  Medi- 
corum  Loud,  liabitae.     4to.  Lond.  1757. 

Dr.  Battie  was  physician  to  St.  Luke's  hospital,  and 
was  proprietor  of  a  large  private  asylum.     His  practice 
seems  to  have  been  limited  almost  exclusively  to  in- 
sanity.   In  1758  he  published  "A  Treatise  on  Madness," 
4to.  Lond.,  in  which,  having  thrown  out  some  censures 
on  the  practice  formerly  pursued  at  Bethlem  hospital, 
he  was  answered  and  severely  animadverted  on  by  Dr. 
John  Monro,  in  a  pamphlet  entitled  "  Remarks  on  Dr. 
Battie's  Treatise  on  Madness."     This  reply  contained  a 
defence  of  the  writer's  father,  who  had  been  lightly 
spoken   of  in   Battie's  work.     In    1762  he    published 
"  Aphorismi  de  Cognoscendis  et  Curandis  Morbis  non- 
nullis  ad  Principia  Animalia  accommodati ;"   and  in 
the  following  year  he  was  examined  before  the  House 
of  Commons  on  the  state  of  private  madhouses  in  this 
kingdom,  and  received  in  the  printed  report,  testimony 
highly  honourable  to  his  professional  attainments.     He 
resigned  his  office  at  St.  Luke's  hospital  in  April,  1764, 
and  died,  from  the  effects  of  a  paralytic  stroke,  on  the 
13th  June,   1776.     The  night  he  expired,  conversing 
with  his  servant,  who  attended  on  him  as  nurse,  he 
said,   "  Young  man,  you  have  heard,  no  doubt,  how 
great  are  the  terrors  of  death.     This  night  will  pro- 
bably afford  you  some  experiment ;  but  may  you  learn 
and  may  you  profit  by  the  example,  that  a  conscien- 
tious endeavour  to  perform  his  duty  through  life  will 
ever  close  a  Christian's  eyes  with  comfort  and  tranquil- 
lity."    He  soon  afterwards  departed  without  a  struggle 
or  a  groan.     He  was  buried  by  his  own  direction  at 
Kingston,  in  Surrey,  "  as  near  as  possible  to  his  wife  " 


142  BOLL   OF   THE  [1738 

(a  daughter  of  Barnham  Goode,  of  Kingston,  for  seve- 
ral years  under-master  of  Eton  school,)  "  without  any 
monument  or  memorial  whatever." 

Dr.  Battie,  who  is  said  by  Horace  Walpole  in  a 
letter  to  lady  Ossory,  to  have  died  worth  100, OOO/.,  had 
during  his  life  endowed  a  scholarship  of  2,01.  per  annum 
at  King's  college,  Cambridge,  now  known  as  Dr.  Battie's 
foundation,  and  by  his  will  gave  100/.  to  St.  Luke's 
hospital,  and  WOl.  to  the  Corporation  for  the  Relief  of 
the  Widows  and  Children  of  Clergymen.  Dr.  Battie's 
character  was  sketched  in  a  few  words  as  follows  by 
Judge  Hardinge  in  his  Latin  life  of  his  father ; — 
"  Battius,  faber  fortunes  suse,  vir  egregise  fortitudinis  et 
perseverantiae,  medicus  perspicax,  doctus,  et  eruditus, 
integritatis  castissimae,  fideique  in  amicitiis  perspectae."* 

The  doctor,  at  that  time  one  of  the  Censors,  took  a 
very  active  part  against  Dr.  Schomberg,  in  the  proceed- 
ings between  the  College  and  that  physician ;  and  the 
commencement  of  the  lengthened  and  expensive  liti- 
gation in  which  the  College  became  involved,  was  appa- 
rently essentially  due  to  him.  Battie's  part  became 
generally  known,  and  he  was  severely  characterised  in 
"  The  Battiad,"  a  satirical  poem,  said  to  have  been 
written  by  Moses  Mendez,  Paul  Whitehead,  and  Dr. 
Schomberg : 

First  Battus  came,  deep  read  in  worldly  art, 
Whose  tongue  ne'er  knew  the  secrets  of  his  heart ; 
In  mischief  mighty,  tho'  but  mean  of  size, 
And,  like  the  Tempter,  ever  in  disguise. 
See  him,  with  aspect  grave  and  gentle  tread, 
By  slow  degrees  approach  the  sickly  bed  ; 
Then  at  his  Club  behold  him  alter'd  soon — 
The  solemn  doctor  turns  a  low  Buffoon, 
And  he,  who  lately  in  a  learned  freak 
Poach'd  every  Lexicon  and  publish' d  Greek, 
Still  madly  emulous  of  vulgar  praise, 
From  Punch's  forehead  wrings  the  dirty  bays. 

Eccentricity  was  strongly  marked  throughout  the 
whole  of  Dr.  Battie's  career.  Many  strange  and  amus- 

*  N.  Hardinge's  Poems,  p.  17. 


1739]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  143 

ing  anecdotes  concerning  him  are  on  record,  but  my 
limited  space  compels  me  to  pass  them  over.  "  He  was 
of  eccentric  habits,  singular  in  his  dress,  sometimes 
appearing  like  a  labourer,  and  doing  strange  things. 
Notwithstanding  his  peculiarities,  he  is  to  be  looked 
upon  as  a  man  of  learning,  of  benevolent  spirit,  humour, 
inclination  to  satire,  and  considerable  skill  in  his  pro- 
fession."* 

CHARLES  PETERS,  M.D.,  was  of  Christ  church,  Oxford, 
as  a  member  of  which  he  proceeded  A.B.  3rd  December, 
1713,  and  A.M.  15th  June,  1724.  Elected  Kadcliffe 
travelling  fellow  in  July,  1725,  he  passed  some  years 
upon  the  continent,  arid,  accumulating  his  degrees  in 
physic,  proceeded  M.D.  as  a  member  of  University  col- 
lege, 8th  November,  1732.  He  was  admitted  a  Candi- 
date of  the  College  of  Physicians  27th  March,  1738, 
and  a  Fellow  16th  April,  1739.  Dr.  Peters  in  1733 
was  appointed  physician  extraordinary  to  the  king,  and 
in  1739  he  succeeded  Dr.  Hollings  as  physician-general 
to  the  army.  He  was  elected  physician  to  St.  George's 
hospital  28th  April,  1735,  and  resigned  his  office  there 
(probably  on  account  of  ill-health)  in  February,  1746. 
He  was  Censor  in  1744  ;  but  indisposition  obliging  him 
to  go  into  the  country,  Dr.  Reeve  was  nominated  in  his 
place  8th  April,  1745.  His  name  disappears  from  the 
list  in  1746. 

ANDREW  LAVINGTON,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Exeter,  and 
on  the  3rd  September,  1736,  being  then  twenty  years  of 
age,  was  entered  on  the  physic  line  at  Leyden,  where  he 
took  the  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  in  1739  (D.M.I, 
de  Ferro).  He  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  1st  August,  1739,  and  then  set- 
tled at  Tavistock,  co.  Devon,  where  he  practised  for 
many  years  with  considerable  success.  He  died  there 
12th  October,  1782. 

*  Nichol's  Literary  Anecdotes  and  Jesse's  Memoirs  of  Celebrated 
Etonians.  Vol.  i,  p.  18,  et  seq. 


144  KOLL   OF   THE  [1739 

RUSSELL  PLUMTRE,  M.D.,  "  of  Notts,"  was  admitted 
a  pensioner  of  Queen's  college,  Cambridge,  12th  June, 
1728,  and  of  that  house  he  subsequently  became  a  fel- 
low. He  proceeded  M.B.  1733,  M.D.  1738  ;  was  ad- 
mitted a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th 
September,  1738  ;  and  a  Fellow  1st  October,  1739.  He 
was  appointed  Regius  professor  of  physic  at  Cambridge 
in  1741,  and  filled  that  chair  for  more  than  half  a  cen- 
tury. Dr.  Plumtre  died  15th  October,  1793,  aged 
eighty-four,  having  then  been  for  many  years  father  of 
the  university,  and  the  longest  resident  that  had  then 
been  known. 

JAMES  HAWLEY,  M.D.,  was  descended  from  a  family 
which  had  been  long  settled  in  Somersetshire.  He  was 
entered  first  at  St.  Mary's  hall,  Oxford,  as  a  member  of 
which  he  took  the  degree  of  A.B.  23rd  January,  1727  ; 
but  then  removing  to  Oriel,  proceeded  A.M.  30th  June, 
1731  ;  M.B.  26th  June,  1733  ;  M.D.  13th  December, 
1737.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  22nd  December,  1738  ;  a  Fellow,  22nd  De- 
cember, 1739  ;  was  Gulstonian  lecturer  in  1741 ;  Har- 
veian  orator  in  1747  ;  Censor,  1744,  1747,  1751,  1754 ; 
Elect,  3rd  December,  1751  ;  and  Consiliarius,  1756, 
1759,  1764.  Dr.  Hawley  was  elected  physician  to  the 
Westminster  hospital  in  1739,  and  resigned  his  ap- 
pointment there  in  1750.  He  died  22nd  December, 
1777,  and  was  buried  in  a  vault  he  had  built  for  him- 
self and  family  in  the  church  of  Leyborne,  co.  Kent. 
His  monument  bears  the  following  inscription  : — 

In  a  vault  underneath, 

are  deposited  the  ^emains  of 

JAMES  HAWLEY,  Doctor  of  Physick, 

who  died  at  the  Grange  in.  this  parish, 

on  the  22nd  day  of  December,  1777, 

in  the  seventy-third  year  of  his  age. 

And  also  ELIZABETH, 
the  wife  of  the  said  JAMES, 

who  was  one  of  the  daughters  of  Joseph  Banks,  Esq., 

of  Revesby  Abbey,  in  the  county  of  Lincoln. 

She  died  the  27th  November,  1766, 


1740]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        145 

in  the  forty-seventh  year  of  her  age, 

and  was  buried  at  Isleworth,  in  the  county  of  Middlesex, 

but  was  afterwards  removed  to  this  vault. 

MATTHEW  MORLEY,  M.D.  On  the  13th  November, 
1724,  being  then  twenty-three  years  of  age,  he  was 
entered  on  the  physic  line  at  Leyden,  and  graduated 
doctor  of  medicine  there  in  1728  (U.M.I,  de  Pronuvio 
Muliebri,  4to.).  He  was  created  doctor  of  medicine  at 
Cambridge,  by  royal  mandate,  in  1739;  and  was  ad- 
mitted a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians,  22nd 
December,  1738  ;  and  a  Fellow,  3 1st  March,  1740.  He 
died  at  Kenuington  17th  March,  1785. 

MICHAEL  CONNEL,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine  of 
Rheims  of  21st  September,  1724  ;  was  admitted  a  Li- 
centiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1740. 
He  died  in  1764,  and  was  buried  in  old  St.  Pancras 
churchyard. 

CHARLES  CHAUNCEY,  M.D.,  was  a  grandson  of  Icha- 
bod  Chauncey,  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  be- 
fore mentioned,  and  the  eldest  son  of  Mr.  Charles 
Chauncey,  citizen  of  London,  by  his  wife  Martha,  the 
daughter  of  Philip  Brown,  esq,,  of  New  Beckenham. 
Educated  at  one  of  the  public  city  schools,  he  proceeded 
thence  in  1727  to  Corpus  Christi  college,  Cambridge, 
as  a  member  of  which  he  graduated  M.B.  in  1734,  M.D. 
in  1739.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College 
of  Physicians  1st  October,  1739,  and  a  Fellow  30th  Sep- 
tember, 1740.  He  was  Censor  in  1746.  He  died  s.  p. 
25th  December,  1777,  and  was  buried  in  St.  Peter's 
church,  Cornhill.  Dr.  Chauncey  was  a  fellow  of  the 
Royal  and  Antiquarian  societies.  He  left  a  very  valua- 
ble library,  which  devolved  on  his  brother,  Nathaniel 
Chauncey,  himself  an  ardent  collector  of  books.  The 
united  libraries  of  the  two  brothers,  both  "  very  able 
scholars  and  able  bibliomaniacs,"  was  sold  at  auction,  by 
Leigh  and  Sotheby,  in  April,  1790.  To  Dr.  Chauncey 
the  College  are  indebted  for  the  fine  paintings  of  Sir 

VOL.  II.  L 


146  ROLL   OF  THE  [1740 

Samuel  Garth  and  Dr.  Mead, — the  one  in  the  Censors' 
room,  the  other  in  the  dining-room.  For  the  former, 
thanks  were  voted  30th  September,  1763  ;  for  the  latter, 
25th  June,  1759.  Dr.  Chauncey's  portrait,  by  Cotes, 
was  engraved  by  C.  Watson. 

THEOPHILUS  LOBB,  M.D.,was  descended  from  a  highly 
respectable  family  in  Cornwall.  His  grandfather, 
Richard  Lobb,  had  served  the  office  of  high  sheriff  of 
Cornwall,  and  in  the  year  1659  was  returned  member 
of  parliament  for  the  borough  of  St.  Michael's.  Dr. 
Lobb  was  born  in  London  17th  August,  1678,  and  was 
the  son  of  Mr.  Stephen  Lobb,  the  pastor  of  a  congrega- 
tion of  Independent  dissenters  in  London.  From  his 
childhood  he  had  evinced  a  partiality  for  the  study  of 
physic,  but  he  was  nevertheless  educated  for  the  minis- 
try. In  1702  he  settled  as  a  dissenting  minister  at 
Guildford,  and  there  made  the  acquaintance  and  culti- 
vated the  friendship  of  an  intelligent  medical  prac- 
titioner, from  whom  he  seems  to  have  derived  no  small 
amount  of  medical  instruction.  After  a  residence  of 
about  four  years  at  Guildford,  he  removed  to  Shaftes- 
bury,  where  he  remained  about  six  years,  and  began  ac- 
tually to  practise  as  a  physician.  In  1713  he  removed 
to  Yeovil,  his  residence  in  which  town  was  marked  by 
the  prosperity  of  his  worldly  circumstances,  and  the 
success  and  reputation  which  accrued  to  his  practice  as 
a  physician.  He  still  continued  in  his  ministerial  du- 
ties ;  but  it  was  even  then  predicted  by  some  of  his 
flock,  that  the  doctor  would  spoil  the  divine,  the  conse- 
quence of  which  would  be  that  he  would  eventually  lay 
down  the  ministry.  Owing  to  dissensions  in  his  congre- 
gation at  Yeovil,  Mr.  Lobb,  in  1722,  removed  to  Witham, 
in  Essex,  and  remained  for  about  ten  years  in  the  con- 
joint exercise  of  ministerial  and  medical  functions.  He 
was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Ptoyal  Society  13th  March, 
1728-9.  In  or  about  the  year  1736,  he  resolved  to  de- 
vote himself  exclusively  to  physic.  He  had  been  created 
doctor  of  medicine  by  the  university  of  Glasgow  as 


1740]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  147 

early  as  the  26th  June,  1722 ;  and  on  the  30th  Sep- 
tember, 1740,  he  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians.  He  practised  in  London  ;  and  dying 
on  the  19th  May,  1763,  in  the  eighty-fifth  year  of  his 
age,  was  buried  in  Bunhill-fields.  Haller  says  of  him  : 
"  Vir  pius  et  simplex,  practica  laude  celebratus.""*  His 
portrait,  by  N.  Brown,  was  engraved  by  I.  Hulitt.  Dr. 
Lobb  was  a  voluminous  writer ;  the  following  is,  I  be- 
lieve, an  accurate  list  of  his  medical  publications  : — 

A  Treatise  of  the  Small-pox.     8vo.  Lond.  1731. 

Rational  Methods  of  Curing  Fevers.     8vo.  Lond.  1734. 

Medical  Practice  in  curing  Fevers  exemplified  in  many  Cases. 
8vo.  Lond.  1735. 

A  Treatise  on  Dissolvents  of  the  Stone,  and  on  Curing  the  Stone 
and  Grout  by  Aliment.  8vo.  Lond.  1739. 

An  Address  to  the  Faculty  on  Miss  Stephens's  Medicaments. 
8vo.  Lond.  1739. 

A  Treatise  on  Painful  Distempers,  their  Causes  and  Remedies. 
8vo.  Lond.  1739. 

Letters  concerning  the  Plague,  showing  the  Means  to  Preserve 
People  from  Infection,  &c.  8vo.  Lond.  1745. 

A  Compendium  of  the  Practice  of  Physic.     8vo.  Lond.  1747. 

Medical  Principles  and  Cautions.     8vo.  Lond.  1753. 

Letters  on  the  Sacred  Predictions.     8vo.  Lond.  1761. 

The  Good  Samaritan;  or,  Useful  Family  Physician.  Selected 
from  his  Publications.  8vo.  Lond. 

The  Practice  of  Physic  in  general,  as  delivered  in  a  Course  of 
Lectures  on  the  Theory  of  Diseases,  and  the  proper  Method  of  Treat- 
ing them.  Published  from  his  own  MSS.  2  vols.  8vo.  Lond. 
1771. 

EDWARD  HODY,  M.D.,  was  descended  from  a  Devon- 
shire family,  the  Hodys  of  Netheway,  in  Brixham.  He 
was  entered  as  a  medical  student  at  Leyden,  9th  Sep- 
tember, 1719,  being  then  twenty-one  years  of  age,  and 
went  through  a  full  course  of  medical  study  there  ;  but 
he  graduated  doctor  of  medicine  at  Bheims  5th  October, 
1723.  He  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Boyal  Society 
22nd  March,  1732-3,  and  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  30th  September,  1740.  Dr.  Hody  was  one 
of  the  physicians  to  St.  George's  hospital,  and  died  at 
his  house  in  Hanover-square  1st  November,  1759.  He 

*  Biblioth.  Anat.,  vol.  ij,  p.  271. 

L    2 


148  ROLL   OF   THE  [1741 

edited  and  revised  "  Cases  in  Midwifery,"  by  Mr.  Gif- 
fard.     8vo.  Lond.   1734  ;  and  was  the  author  of — 

An  Attempt  to  Reconcile  all  Differences  between  the  present  Fel- 
lows and  Licentiates  of  the  Royal  College  of  Physicians  of  London. 
8vo.  Lond.  1752. 

THOMAS  ADDAMS,  M.D.,  was  of  Trinity  college,  Cam- 
bridge, as  a  member  of  which  he  proceeded  M.B.  in 
1734  ;  M.D.  1739.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  30th  September,  1740  ;  a 
Fellow,  30th  September,  1741  ;  and  was  Censor  in 
1745,  1750,  1752.  Dr.  Addams  was  elected  physician 
to  St.  Thomas's  hospital  in  1749,  and  resigned  that 
office  in  1759,  when  he  was  succeeded  by  the  poet 
Akenside.  He  died  26th  April,  1785,  and  was  buried 
in  the  church  of  St.  Lawrence,  Reading.  His  memorial 
characterises  him  as  "  a  most  tender  husband,  an  affec- 
tionate father,  and  a  sincere  friend." 

JOHN  GREEN,  of  Eltham,  was  admitted  an  Extra- 
Licentiate  of  the  College  llth  November,  1741. 

JOHN  ANDREE,M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine  of  Rheims 
of  12th  June,  1739;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  22nd  December,  1741.  He  was 
mainly  instrumental  in  establishing  the  London  hospital, 
of  which  institution  he  was  the  senior,  and  for  a  time 
only,  physician.  Nominated  to  that  office  21st  Oc- 
tober, 1740,  he  resigned  it  5th  September,  1764,  and 
thenceforward  declined  practice.  Dr.  Andree  died  in 
Hatton-garden  4th  February,  1785,  aged  eighty-seven 
years,  being  then  the  senior  Licentiate  of  the  College. 

He  was  the  author  of — 

An  Account  of  the  Tilbury  Water.     8vo.  Lond.  1737. 

Cases  of  Epilepsy,  Hysteric  Pits,  and  St.  Vitus's  Dance,  with  the 
Process  of  Cure.  8vo.  Lond.  1746.  Republished  in  1753,  with 
additional  Cases  of  the  Bite  of  a  Mad  Dog,  and  a  successful  Method 
of  Cure. 

Observations  upon  a  Treatise  on  the  Virtues  of  Hemlock  in  the 
Cure  of  Cancers.  8vo.  Lond.  1761. 


1742]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        149 

GEORGE  THOMSON,  M.D.,  a  doctor  of  medicine  of 
Aberdeen,  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  15th  January,  1741-2.  He  prac- 
tised at  Maidstone,  and  was  the  author  of— 

The  Anatomy  of  the  Human  Bones,  with  an  Account  of  Muscular 
Motion,  Circulation,  Digestion,  and  Nutrition.  8vo.  Lond.  1734. 

A  Short  Method  of  Discovering  the  Virtues  of  Plants.  8vo. 
Lond.  1734. 

Of  the  Four  Senses.     8vo.  Lond.  1734. 

The  Art  of  Dissecting  Human  Bodies  in  a  Plain,  Easy,  and  Com- 
pendious Method.  Translated  from  the  Latin  of  Lyserus.  8vo. 
Lond.  1740. 

BENJAMIN:  BOSANQUET,  A.M.,  was  descended  from  a 
family  of  Luiiel  in  Languedoc,  some  members  of  which 
sought  refuge  in  England  on  the  revocation  of  the  edict 
of  Nantes.  He  was  the  fourth  son  of  David  Bosanquet, 
one  of  these  refugees,  by  his  wife  Elizabeth,  daughter  of 
Claude  Hayes,  esq.  He  was  educated  at  Trinity  col- 
lege, Cambridge,  and  became  a  fellow  of  that  house. 
He  proceeded  A.B.  1730;  A.M.  1734.  On  the  2nd 
October,  1737,  being  then  twenty-eight  years  of  age,  he 
was  entered  on  the  physic  line  at  Ley  den.  He  was  ad- 
mitted a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  12th 
April,  1742 ;  and  died  22nd  December,  1755. 

JAMES  MACDONALD. — Admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1742.  He  practised 
midwifery,  and  died  8th  October,  1747. 

RICHARD  EUSSELL,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine  of 
Rheims  of  7th  January,  1738,  then  practising  at  Ware, 
co.  Herts ;  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the 
College  23rd  July,  1742.  He  subsequently  removed  to 
Beading,  and  died  there  5th  July,  1771.  He  published 
a  letter  to  Dr.  Addington  on  his  refusal  to  join  in 
consultation  with  a  physician  licensed  by  the  College  in 
London.  8vo.  Lond.  1749. 

JOHN  SUTTON,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine,  but  of 


150  BOLL  OF  THE  [1744 

what  university  is  not  stated  ;  was  admitted  an  Extra- 
Licentiate  of  the  College  10th  December,  1742.  He 
practised  at  Leicester.  His  only  literary  production 


was- 


Memoirs  of  the  Life  and  Writings  of  the  late  Rev.  John  Jackson, 
&c.  8vo.  Lond.  1764. 

WILLIAM  WOODHOUSE,  M.D.,  was  entered  on  the 
physic  line  at  Leyden  26th  September,  1735,  aged 
twenty-five,  and  proceeded  doctor  of  medicine  there, 
24th  September,  1736  (D.M.I,  de  Fluore  Albo  Muliebri, 
4to.).  Dr.  Woodhouse  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  24th  December,  1742. 
He  practised  at  Leicester. 

GEORGE  PILE,  M.D.,  was  a  doctor  of  medicine  of  St. 
Andrew's,  of  llth  November,  1741,  and  was  admitted 
a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June, 
1743.  He  died  in  1753.  His  portrait  is  at  Apothe- 
caries' hall. 

GEORGE  KELLEY,  of  Tmibridge  Wells,  was  admitted 
an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  27th 
September,  1743. 

KF.RVIN  WRIGHT,  M.D, — A  doctor  of  medicine  of 
Aberdeen,  of  31st  August,  1744  ;  was  admitted  an 
Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  17th  September,  1744. 
He  practised  at  Norwich. 

THOMAS  LAWRENCE,  M.D.,  was  the  second  son  of 
capt.  Thomas  Lawrence,  R.N.,  by  his  wife  Elizabeth, 
daughter  of  Mr.  Gabriel  Soulden,  merchant,  of  Kinsale, 
in  Ireland,  and  widow  of  colonel  Piers,  and  was  born  in 
the  parish  of  St.  Margaret's,  Westminster,  on  the  25th 
May,  1711.*  His  preliminary  education,  which  was 

"  Dr.  Lawrence  is  said  to  have  been  the  grandson  of  another 
Dr.  Thomas  Lawrence,  who  was  first  physician  to  queen  Anne,  and 
physician-general  to  the  army.  He  lived  to  a  great  age  and  held 


1744]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        151 

commenced  in  Dublin,  was  completed  at  the  grammar 
school  of  Southampton,  under  the  Rev.  Mr.  Kingsman. 
In  October,   1727,  he   was  admitted  a  commoner  of 
Trinity  college,  Oxford,  and  as  a  member  of  that  house 
proceeded  A.B.  7th  November,  1730  ;  A.M.  25th  May, 
1733  ;  when,  devoting  himself  to  physic,  he  removed  to 
London  and  attended  the  anatomical  lectures  of  Dr. 
Frank  Nicholls,  and  the  practice  of  St.  Thomas's  hos- 
pital.    He  took  the  degree  of  M.B.  14th  May,  1736  ; 
M.D.  17th  October,  1740  ;  and  on  the  resignation  of 
Dr.  Nicholls  was  chosen  anatomy  reader  in  the  univer- 
sity of  Oxford.     He  continued  in  this  office  for  several 
years,  but  resided  in  London,  where  he  also  delivered 
lectures  on  anatomy.     In   1750,  Dr.  Lawrence  ceased 
lecturing,  and  devoted  himself  entirely  to  practice.     He 
was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
30th  September,  1743;  a  Fellow,  1st  October,  1744; 
was  Gulstonian  Lecturer  in  1744  ;  Censor,  1746,  1752, 
1753,  1757,  1759  ;  and  Registrar  from   1747  to  1766 
inclusive.     He  delivered  the  Harveian  oration  in  1748  ; 
the  Croonian  lectures   in    1751  ;    and  was   appointed 
Lumleian  lecturer  in  December,  1755.      Dr.  Lawrence 
was  named  an  Elect  7th  May,  1759  ;  was  Consiliarius 
1760,  1761,  1763  ;  and  was  elected  President  of  the 
College  in   1767.     To  this  office  he  was  annually  re- 
elected  for  seven  consecutive  years. 

Few  men  have  been  more  respected  by  the  College  ; 
none,  probably,  by  their  attainments  were  better  quali- 
fied for  practice  than  Dr.  Lawrence  ;  yet  as  a  physician 
he  made  but  little  progress.  He  was  an  elegant  clas- 
sical scholar,  a  good  anatomist,  and  a  sound  prac- 
titioner ;  but  in  his  endeavour  to  attain  to  eminence  it 
was  his  misfortune  to  fail.  "  He  was  a  man/'  says  Sir 
John  Hawkins,  "  of  whom  in  respect  of  his  piety,  learn- 
ing, and  skill  in  his  profession,  it  may  be  almost  said 

appointments  under  four  successive  princes,  beginning  with  Charles 
II,  by  whom  he  was  appointed  physician  to  the  garrison  at  Tangier, 
part  of  the  dowry  of  queen  Catherine." — Gent's.  Mag.,  vol.  Ivii, 
part  i,  p.  191. 


152  ROLL  OF  THE  [1744 

the  world  was  not  worthy,  inasmuch  as  it  suffered  his 
talents  for  the  whole  of  his  life  to  remain  in  a  great  mea- 
sure unemployed,  and  himself  to  end  his  days  in  sorrow 
and  obscurity.  He  was  above  the  art  by  which  popu- 
larity is  acquired,  and  had — besides  some  personal  de- 
fects and  habits  which  stood  in  his  way — a  vacuity  of 
countenance  very  unfavourable  to  an  opinion  of  his 
learning  or  sagacity,  and  certain  convulsive  motions  of 
the  head  and  shoulders  that  gave  pain  to  the  beholder, 
and  drew  off  attention  from  all  that  he  said." 

Dr.  Lawrence  was  the  physician  and  intimate  friend 
of  our  great  lexicographer,  Johnson,  and  was  never  men- 
tioned by  him  but  in  terms  of  the  highest  respect  and 
admiration.  "  Lawrence,"  said  Johnson,  "  is  one  of  the 
best  men  whom  I  have  known.  He  was  a  man  of  strict 
piety  and  profound  learning,  but  little  skilled  in  the 
knowledge  of  life  or  manners,  and  died  without  ever 
having  enjoyed  the  reputation  he  so  justly  deserved." 
To  console  him  under  some  family  disappointment,  John- 
son addressed  to  him  a  fine  Latin  ode,  which  is  inserted 
in  his  works.  In  January,  1780,  Dr.  Lawrence  lost  his 
wife,  a  bereavement  from  which  he  never  recovered. 
This  sad  event  is  memorable  in  our  literary  history,  as 
it  gave  occasion  to  one  of  the  finest  letters  which  John- 
son ever  wrote.  Soon  after  this  Dr.  Lawrence  lost  his 
hearing,  and  in  the  early  part  of  1782  was  struck  with 
paralysis.  He  resigned  his  place  of  Elect  25th  March 
of  that  year,  and  in  the  June  following  withdrew  with 
his  family  to  Canterbury.  His  mind  eventually  gave 
way.  He  died  honoured  and  lamented  by  all  who  knew 
him,  on  the  6th  June,  1783,  aged  seventy-two,  and  was 
buried  in  the  church  of  St.  Margaret,  Canterbury.  A 
tablet  in  Canterbury  cathedral  bears  the  following  in- 
scription :— 

M.S. 

THOMAS  LAURENCE,  M.D. 

Qui  ad  stndia,  quaa  virum  liberaliter  eductum  medicinae 

aptiorem  faciunt,  ipsa  quae  faciunt  Medicum  adjunxit. 

Ilium  adhuc  juvenum  ad  se  allexit  optimum  salutaris  artis 

f  undamen,  Anatomia : 


1744]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        153 

hanc  aetate  provectior  toto  pectore  excepit : 

hanc  altius  subtiliusque  in  Oxonio  suo  excoluit : 

hanc  denique  in  medium  protulit, 

atque  ex  cathedra  illustravit. 
Ad  usum  medendi  vocatus,  munere  suo  functus  est 

Diligenter  et  Honeste : 

In  morbis  dignoscendis  acutus,  in  curandis  simplex : 

Nihil  interim  sibi  laudis  arrogabat, 

nee  gloriolae  appetens  nee  lucelli  ; 

In  scriptis  suis  puritatem  integram  Latini  sermonis  attigit, 

rem  suam  omneiu  ornate  explicans, 

eamque  nee  impeditam  verbis,  nee  brevitate  obscuram  : 

In  communi  vita  victusque  consortio  facilis,  modestus,  affabilis  : 

nunquam  se  aliis  praeponens,  neminem  sibi  adversum  habuit. 

In  collegio  Medicorum  Londinensi  onera  qua3vis, 

non  secus  ac  honores,  aequa  mente  sustinuit, 

in  Registrarium,  in  Praalectorem  saapius, 

in  Praasidem  per  octennium  electus. 

Accedente  senecta  morbo  tentatus  est  insanabili  ac  diuturno  ; 
nihilominus  tamen  beatus  ille,  etiam  ante  obitum, 
vere  dici  potuit,  cui  nnicum  mali  solamen  adfuit, 

vitae  bene  acta3  conscientia. 

Natus  est  Patre  classis  Britannicae  Navarcho ; 

Uxorem  duxit  Franciscam  Caroli  Chauncy  Medici  Derbiensis 

filiam,  ex  qua  novem  liberos  suscepit : 

Quorum  Grulielmus  Chauncy  in  Indiis  Orientalibus, 

Carolus  apud  Lyme  Regis  in  Comitatu  Dorsetensi,  decesserunt ; 

FranciscaHarrietta  et  Johannes  eodem  quo  pater  tumulo  clauduntur ; 

Tres  alii  tenera  aetate  abrepti  fuerunt. 

Superstites  Hoc  monumentum  posuere. 

Obiit  6°  Die  Junii  A.D.  1783 

cum  duos  et  septuaginta  annos  complevisset ; 

et  sepultus  est  in  vicina  aede  Parochiali 

Sanctae  Margaretas. 

Dr.  Lawrence  was  the  author  of  the  "  Life  of  Har- 
vey," prefixed  to  the  College  edition,  in  quarto,  of  that 
great  man's  works,  and  on  the  3rd  March,  1766,  was 
voted  100£  for  his  services  to  the  College  in  this  re- 
spect. He  also  wrote  the  life  of  his  friend  and  patron, 
Dr.  Frank  Nicholls ;  and  to  him  we  owe  the  following 
works,  all  of  them  in  the  choicest  Latin  : — 

De  Hydrope  Disputatio  Medica.     12mo.  Lond.  1756. 

This  is  an  interesting  and  amusing  book,  written  in 
very  choice  Latin.  It  purports  to  be  a  dialogue  between 
the  great  Harvey,  Sir  George  Ent,  and  Dr.  Hamey ; 


154  ROLL   OF  THE  [1744 

the  two  latter  seeking  information  from  the  matured 
experience  and  cautious  observation  of  the  discoverer 
of  the  circulation. 

Prjelectiones  Hedicae  XII.  de  Calvaries  et  Capitis  Morbis.  8vo. 
Lond.  1757. 

De  Natura  Musculorum.     8vo.  Lond.  1759. 
Fran.  Nicolsii  Vita.     4to.  Lond. 

EDMUND  CRYNES,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  Jonas  Crynes 
of  St.  Lawrence  Jury,  in  the  city  of  London,  gent.,  and 
on  the  15th  September,  1727,  being  then  sixteen  years 
of  age  was  matriculated  at  St.  John's  college,  Oxford. 
He  was  elected  a  demy  of  Magdalen  college  in  1729,  and 
as  a  member  of  that  house  proceeded  A.B.  25th  June, 
1731 ;  A.M.  30th  April,  1734 ;  M.B.  13th  May,  1737 ; 
M.D.  8th  July,  1742.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  30th  September,  1743  ;  and  a 
Fellow,  1st  October,  1744.  After  practising  for  a  few 
years  at  Hackney,  he  removed  to  Nottingham,  and 
there  continued  until  1772,  when  he  retired  from  prac- 
tice, and  withdrew  to  Kenilworth,  where  he  died,  and 
was  buried  the  2nd  July,  1787. 

JOHN  FOTHERGILL,  M.D.,  was  the  second  sou  of  John 
Fothergill  and  Margaret  Hough  his  wife,  and  was  born 
at  Carr  End  in  Yorkshire,  on  the  8th  March,  1712.  He 
received  his  early  education  at  Frodsham  in  Cheshire, 
and  at  Jedberg  in  his  native  county.  About  the  year 
1728  he  was  placed  with  Mr.  Benjamin  Bartlett,  an 
apothecary  at  Bradfield  in  Yorkshire,  and  on  the  ex- 
piration of  his  apprenticeship  proceeded  to  Edinburgh, 
then  rising  into  notice  as  a  medical  school.  He  attended 
the  lectures  of  Monro  (primus),  Alston,  Rutherford, 
Sinclair,  and  Plummer,  all  students  of  the  Boerhaavian 
school,  and  whose  merits  have  been  recorded  by  Fother- 
gill himself  in  an  account  which  he  published  in  after 
life  of  Dr.  Russell,  his  contemporary  and  associate.  Dr. 
Monro  discovered  the  powers  of  his .  pupil,  and  urged 
him  to  reside  sufficiently  long  to  obtain  the  doctorate  ; 
for  till  then  he  had  only  intended  to  qualify  himself  as 


ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  1.35 

an  apothecary.  He  followed  the  advice  of  his  preceptor  ; 
and  took  his  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  at  Edinburgh      ' 
the  14th  August,  1736    (D.M.I.  de  Emeticorum  Usu     fi 
in    variis   Morbis    tractandis).       Dr.    Fothergill    then 
visited  London  ;  attended  the  physician's  practice  at  St. 
Thomas's  hospital ;  and  having  taken  a  short  tour,  in 
company  with  some  friends,  through  Flanders  and  Hol- 
land, returned  to  England  about  the  year  1740,  and 
commenced  the  practice  of  his  profession  in  London. 
He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Phy- 
sicians 1st  October,  1744,  and  is  the  first  graduate  in 
medicine  of  the  university  of  Edinburgh  who  was  ad- 
mitted by  the  College.     Dr.  Fothergill  was  a  member     \^ 
of  the  Society  of  Friends,  and  through  their  influence 
and  exertions  he  was  soon  introduced  into  business. 
His  "  Account  of  the  Putrid  Sore  Throat  attended  with 
Ulcers,  8vo.  Lond.  1748," — a  disease  which  produced 
a  great  mortality  in  and  around  London,  and  excited 
much  alarm, — gave  extended  publicity  to  his  name,  and 
at  once  established  his  reputation.     His  progress  on- 
wards towards  the  most  extensive  and  lucrative  prac- 
tice in  the  city  was  most  rapid,  and  he  is  represented 
as  having  been  for  many  successive  years  in  the  pos- 
session of  a  professional  income  of  nearly  7,0  00£.     To      ^ 
chemistry  and  botany  he  devoted  his  hours  of  relaxation 
and  retirement.     At  Upton,  near  Stratford,  Essex,  he 
purchased  an  extensive  estate,  and  furnished  a  noble 
garden,  whose  walls  enclosed  five  acres,  with  a  profusion 
of  exotics,  which  he  spared  no  pains  in  collecting.     At 
an  expense  seldom  undertaken  by  an  individual,  and 
with  an  ardour  that  was  visible  in  the  whole  of  his  con- 
duct, he  procured  from  all  parts  of  the  world  a  great 
number  of  the  rarest  plants,  and  protected  them  in  the 
amplest  buildings  which  this  or  any  other  country  had 
then  seen.      He  liberally  proposed  rewards  to  those 
whose  circumstances  and  situations  in  life  gave  them 
opportunities  of  bringing  hither  plants  which  might  be 
ornamental  and  probably  useful  to  this  country  or  her 
colonies,  and  as  liberally  paid  these  rewards  to  all  that 


156  ROLL   OF   THE  [1744 

served  him.  That  science  might  not  suffer  a  loss  when 
a  plant  he  had  cultivated  should  die,  he  liberally  paid 
the  best  artist  the  country  afforded  to  draw  the  new 
ones  as  they  came  to  perfection ;  and  so  numerous  were 
they  at  last  that  he  found  it  necessary  to  employ  more 
artists  than  one,  in  order  to  keep  pace  with  their  in- 
crease. His  garden  was  known  all  over  Europe,  and 
foreigners  of  all  ranks  asked,  when  they  came  hither, 
permission  to  see  it.  Dr.  Fothergill's  attention  was 
not  confined  to  the  vegetable  kingdom.  Da  Costa  was 
indebted  for  many  valuable  remarks  in  his  "  History  of 
Shells,"  of  which  Fothergill  possessed  the  best  cabinet 
in  England,  next  to  that  of  the  duchess  of  Portland. 
His  collection  of  minerals  was  more  rare  than  extensive, 
and  the  gratitude  of  his  numerous  friends  had  supplied 
liim  with  many  curious  specimens  of  the  animal  world. 
His  collection  of  natural  history  was  purchased  on  his 
decease  by  Dr.  William  Hunter,  and  is  probably  at  this 
moment  to  be  found  in  part  in  the  museum  which  that 
distinguished  physician  bequeathed  to  the  university 
of  Glasgow,  after  having  vainly  solicited  the  ministers 
of  the  time  to  enable  him  to  establish  one  in  London. 
In  1754  Dr.  Fothergill  was  elected  a  fellow  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  of  Edinburgh,  and  in  1763  a  fel- 
low of  the  Royal  Society.  His  reputation  soon  extended 
to  other  countries.  He  was  one  of  the  earliest  members 
of  the  American  Philosophical  society,  instituted  at 
Philadelphia.  Linnaeus  distinguished  by  his  name  a 
species  of  Polyandria  Digynia.  The  Royal  Society  of 
Medicine  at  Paris  chose  him  an  Associate  in  1776  ;  and 
his  letters  of  admission  were  the  more  honourable  be- 
cause they  included  a  request  that  Fothergill  would  no- 
minate any  persons  of  his  acquaintance  whom  he  might 
deem  eligible  to  become  corresponding  members  of  the 
society.  Vicq.  d'Azyr  communicated  this  mark  of  con- 
fidence in  a  Latin  letter. 

In  December,  1780,  Dr.  Fothergill  experienced  a 
second  attack  of  suppression  of  urine ;  two  years  pre- 
viously it  had  been  relieved,  but  no  art  could  now  re- 


1744]  ROYAL  COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  157 


_i 


move  it.  The  pain  was  very  acute,  the  thirst  insatiable, 
but  his  mind  was  as  serene  as  in  its  best  days.  He  ex- 
pressed to  a  friend  his  hope  "  that  he  had  not  lived  in 
vain,  but  in  a  degree  to  answer  the  end  of  his  creation, 
by  sacrificing  interested  considerations  and  his  own  ease 
to  the  good  of  his  fellow  creatures."  He  died  at  his 
house  in  Harper-street,  Red  Lion-sqn.are,  on  the  26th 
December,  1780,  and  was  buried  in  the  Quaker's  burial 
ground  at  Winchmore-hill .  An  exquisite  full-length 
cabinet  portrait  of  Dr.  Fothergill,  by  Hogarth,  is  on  the 
College  staircase.  It  was  presented  by  Mr.  Cribb,  of 
Covent-garden.  An  engraved  portrait  of  him,  by  Green, 
after  one  by  Stuart,  is  extant.  "  The  person  of  Dr. 
Fothergill,"  writes  his  affectionate  biographer,  Dr.  Hird, 
"  was  of  a  delicate,  rather  of  an  attenuated  make  ;  his 
features  were  all  character ;  his  eye  had  a  peculiar  bril- 
liancy of  expression,  yet  it  was  not  easy  so  to  mark  the 
leading  trait  as  to  disengage  it  from  the  united  whole. 
He  was  remarkably  active  and  alert,  and,  with  few  ex- 
ceptions, enjoyed  a  general  good  state  of  health.  He 
had  a  peculiarity  of  address  and  manner,  resulting  from 
person,  education,  and  principle,  but  it  was  so  perfectly 
accompanied  by  the  most  engaging  attentions  that 
he  was  the  genuine,  polite  man,  above  all  forms  of 
breeding.  At  his  meals  he  was  remarkably  temperate  ; 
in  the  opinion  of  some  rather  too  abstemious,  eating 
sparingly,  but  with  a  good  relish,  and  rarely  exceeding 
two  glasses  of  wine  at  dinner  or  supper ;  yet  by  his 
uniform  and  steady  temperance  he  preserved  his  mind 
vigorous  and  active,  and  his  constitution  equal  to  all 
his  engagements."  Dr.  Fothergill's  library  and  paint- 
ings were  sold  in  1781  in  York-street,  Covent-garden. 
His  house  and  choice  botanical  garden  of  rare  plants  at 
Upton  were  sold  in  the  same  year.  His  collection  of 
shells  was  purchased  by  Dr.  William  Hunter. 

Dr.  Fothergill  contributed  many  papers  to  the  "  Gen- 
tleman's Magazine,"  the  "  Transactions  of  the  London 
Medical  Society,"  &c.  &c.  These,  with  a  Sketch  of  his 
Life,  a  Selection  from  his  Correspondence,  his  Inaugu- 


158  ROLL  OF  THE  [1745 

ral  Essay,  and  his  Treatise  on  tlie  Sore  Throat,  were 
published  by  Dr.  Lettsom  in  three  volumes  8vo.  in 

178*. 

PETER  CANVANE,  M.D.,  was  born  in  America,  and  on 
the  4th  March,  1743,  when  twenty-two  years  of  age, 
was  entered  on  the  physic  line  at  Leyden.  He  gradu- 
ated doctor  of  medicine  at  Rheims  ;  and  was  admitted 
a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  22nd  Decem- 
ber. 1744.  After  practising  for  many  years  in  the  island 
of  St.  Christopher,  he  returned  to  England,  and  settled 
as  a  physician  at  Bath.  Leaving  that  city,  he  withdrew 
to  the  continent,  where  he  resided  for  several  years 
before  his  death,  which  occurred  at  Brussels  in  1786. 
Dr.  Canvane  was  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society,  and  the 
author  of — 

A  Dissertation  on  the  Oleum  Palmse  Christi,  or  Castor  Oil.  8vo. 
Lond.  1764. 

WILLIAM  PARRY,  of  Monmouthshire ;  was  admitted 
an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  9th 
April,  1745. 

CHARLES  FEAKE,  M.D.,  was  of  Caius  college,  Cam- 
bridge, and  as  a  member  of  that  house  proceeded  M.B. 
in  1738  ;  M.D.  5th  July,  1743.  He  was  admitted  a 
Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1744 ; 
and  a  Fellow  25th  June,  1745  :  was  Censor  in  1747, 
1754,  1758;  Harveian  orator  in  1749;  Elect  25th 
June,  1761,  and  Consiliarius  1761.  He  was  physician 
to  Guy's  hospital;  and  died  2nd  August,  1762. 

JOHN  BARKER,  M.D.,  was  educated  at  Wadham  col- 
lege, Oxford,  and  proceeded  A.B.  16th  October,  1731  ; 
A.M.  24th  May,  1737;  M.B.  25th  November,  1737. 
He  then  settled  for  a  time  at  Salisbury,  and  whilst 
there  published  "  An  Inquiry  into  the  Nature,  Cause, 
and  Cure  of  the  Epidemic  Fever  of  1740,  1741,  and 
1742."  On  the  3rd  November,  1743,  he  took  his  de- 


1746]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  159 

gree  of  doctor  of  medicine  at  Oxford  •;  was  admitted  a 
Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  8th  April,  1745  ; 
and  a  Fellow,  24th  March,  1746.  About  this  time  he 
removed  to  London  ;  was  chosen  physician  to  the  West- 
minster hospital,  in  1746,  but  resigned  his  office  in 
1748,  when  he  was  appointed  one  of  the  physicians  to 
the  army.  He  did  not  long  survive,  and  dying  on  the 
31st  January,  1748-9,  was  buried  in  the  small  church 
of  St.  Stephen's,  Ipswich,  where  there  is  a  tablet  with 
the  following  inscription  : — 

Here  lieth  the  body  of 

John  Barker,  M.D., 

Fellow  of  the  Royal  College  of  Physicians 
And  Physician  to  his  Majesty's  Forces  in  the  Low  Countries. 

Born  April  18,  1708. 
Died  January  31,  1748-9. 

In  addition  to  the  work  on  fever  above  mentioned, 
he  was  the  author  of — 

An  Essay  on  the  Agreement  betwixt  Ancient  and  Modern  Phy- 
sicians ;  or,  a  Comparison  between  the  Practice  of  Hippocrates, 
Galen,  Sydenham,  and  Boerhaave.  8vo.  Lond.  1748. 

WILLIAM  HEBEKDEN,  M.D. — This  distinguished  or- 
nament of  the  medical  profession  was  born  in  London 
in  1710,  and  educated  at  the  grammar  school  in  Saint 
Saviour's  churchyard,  Southwark  ;  whence  he  was 
transferred  in  December,  1724,  at  an  unusually  early 
age,  to  St.  John's  college,  Cambridge.  Of  that  house 
he  was  elected  a  fellow  in  1730.  He  proceeded  A.B. 
1728;  A.M.  1732:  M.D.  1739.  Dr.  Heberden  prac- 
tised his  profession  for  several  years  at  Cambridge, 
where  for  about  ten  years  he  delivered  an  annual  course 
of  lectures  on  the  Materia  Medica. .  Among  his  pupils 
were  some  who  afterwards  greatly  distinguished  them- 
selves, as  Sir  George  Baker,  Dr.  Gisborne,  and  Dr. 
Glynn,  of  Cambridge.  The  specimens  he  had  collected 
for  the  illustration  of  his  lectures  he  presented  to  St. 
John's  college  when  he  quitted  Cambridge.  Of  his 
method  of  lecturing  a  specimen  is  preserved  in  his  Essay 
on  Mithridatium  and  Theriaca,  published  in  1745,  three 


160  ROLL  OF   THE 

years  before  he  quitted  the  university.  Treating  of  this 
famous  medicine,  Dr.  Heberden  proves  that  the  only 
poisons  known  to  the  ancients  were  hemlock,  monk's- 
hood,  and  those  of  venomous  beasts ;  and  that  to  these 
few  they  knew  of  no  antidotes.  That  the  farrago  called 
after  the  celebrated  king  of  Pontus,  which  in  the  time  of 
Celsus  consisted  of  thirty-eight  simples,  had  changed  its 
composition  every  hundred  years,  and  that  therefore  what 
had  been  for  so  many  ages  called  Mithridatium,  was  quite 
different  from  the  true  medicine  found  in  the  cabinet  of 
that  prince.  This,  he  states,  was  a  very  trivial  one,  com- 
posed of  twenty  leaves  of  rue,  one  grain  of  salt,  two 
nuts,  and  two  dried  figs ;  and  he  infers  that,  even  sup- 
posing Mithri dates  had  ever  used  the  compound  (which 
is  doubtful),  his  not  being  able  to  despatch  himself  was 
less  owing  to  the  strength  of  his  antidote  than  to  the 
weakness  of  his  poison.  The  first  accounts  of  subtle 
poisons  that  might  be  concealed  under  the  stone  of  a 
seal  or  ring,  as  well  as  the  stories  of  poisons  by  vapours 
arising  from  perfumed  gloves  and  letters,  he  pronounces 
to  be  evidently  the  idle  inventions  of  ignorance  and 
superstition.  The  learning  and  good  sense  which  cha- 
racterise the  whole  of  this  little  essay  will  enable  the 
reader  to  form  a  judgment  of  the  manner  in  which  he 
conveyed  instruction  to  his  class,  and  of  the  loss  which 
the  university  must  have  suffered  by  his  removal. 

Dr.  Heberden  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  25th  June,  1745,  and  a  Fellow  25th 
June,  1746.  He  settled  in  London  at  the  close  of  1 748  ; 
and  was  elected  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  1st  Febru- 
ary, 1749.  It  was,  however,  long  before  his  worth  was 
discovered  and  appreciated,  so  long,  indeed,  that  he  was 
on  the  point  of  returning  to  end  his  days  at  Cambridge. 
But  happily  for  the  world  and  for  his  own  fame  he 
steadily  persevered,  and  ultimately  rose  to  a  height  in 
professional  and  general  esteem,  of  which  there  have 
been  but  few  instances.  He  was  nominated  Gulstonian 
lecturer  in  1749  ;  Harveian  orator  in  1750  ;  and  Croo- 
nian  lecturer  in  1760.  He  was  Censor  in  1749,  1755, 


1746]  ROYAL   COLLEGE    OF   PHYSICIANS.  161 

1760  ;  Consiliarius,  1762  ;  and  was  constituted  an  Elect 
llth  August,  1762,  an  office  which  he  resigned  28th 
June,  1781.  About  this  time,  becoming  sensible  that 
his  age  required  indulgence,  he  passed  the  summer  at 
a  house  which  he  had  purchased  at  Windsor,  but  he 
continued  his  practice  in  town  during  the  winter  for 
some  years  longer.  Dr.  Heberden  died  at  his  house  in 
Pall-mall,  honoured,  esteemed,  and  venerated  by  all 
ranks  in  and  out  of  the  profession,  on  the  17th  May, 
1801,  in  the  ninety-first  year  of  his  age.*  He  was  buried 
at  Windsor,  and  on  the  south  side  of  the  parish  church 
is  a  monument  to  his  memory,  with  the  following  in- 
scription : — 

Near  this  place  are  deposited  the  remains  of 

William  Heberden,  M.D., 

who  died  the  17th  May,  1801, 

in  the  91st  year  of  his  age. 

He  practised  physic, 

first  at  Cambridge,  afterwards  in  London, 
with  great  and  unsullied  reputation  above  50  years. 

His  distinguished  learning, 

his  sweetness  of  manners,  and  active  benevolence 
raised  him  to  an  uncommon  height  in  public  esteem  : 

above  all,  his  deep  sense  of  religion, 

which  he  cultivated  with  unremitting  attention, 

regulated  his  conduct  through  a  long  and  busy  life, 

and  supported  him  to  the  last 
with  unabated  cheerfulness  and  resignation. 

His  widow  and  three  surviving  children  erected  this  tablet  to  his 

memory. 


*  The  second  Dr.  William  Heberden's  eulogy  of  his  father  in 
the  Harveian  oration  for  1809  is  so  delicately  conceived  and  ex- 
pressed, that  I  here  insert  it : — "  Et  tu  quoque  quern  sicut  vivum 
amplecti  et  audire  semper  fuit  mihi  jucundissimum,  ifca  mortuum 
honorare  nunquam  desinam.  Taceam,  O  Socii,  an  loquar  ?  Immo 
vero  a  me  petere  unumquemque  vestrum  puto  ut  de  optimo  Parente 
pauca  saltern  dicam.  Nisi  enim  me  fallat  gratissima  memoria  et 
amoris  magnitudo,  non  alium  cognoveritis  aut  integritate  vitea  ex- 
cellentiorem,  aut  optimarum  artium  studiosiorem,  aut  exercitatione 
medicinee  humaniorem  extitisse.  Quo  quidem  animo  medicinam  ex- 
coluerit  testantur  Acta  hujns  Collegii  Medica ;  cujus  operis  cum  ipse 
suasor  et  autor  fuisset,  turn  illud  multis  et  utilissimis  tractatiouibus 
amplificavit :  testatur  Commentariorum  volumen  quod  post  mortem 

VOL.  II.  M 


1(>2  ROLL   OF   THE  [1740 

By  his  wife  Mary,  the  eldest  daughter  of  William 
Wollaston,  esquire,  to  whom  he  was  married  19th 
January,  1760,  he  had  five  sons  and  three  daughters. 
His  second  son,  who  was  bred  a  physician,  practised 
with  great  success  in  London,  and  fully  maintained  the 
reputation  of  his  distinguished  name.  He  will  have  to 
be  mentioned  in  a  subsequent  page. 

Dr.  Heberden's  character  has  been  so  admirably  drawn 
by  Dr.  Macinichael,  that  I  have  no  hesitation  in  trans- 
ferring his  sketch  to  my  own  pages  : — "  Dr.  Heberden 
was  always  exceedingly  liberal  and  charitable ;  there- 
fore, as  soon  as  he  found  he  could  support  himself  in 
London,  he  voluntarily  relinquished  a  fellowship  which 
he  held  in  St.  John's  college,  for  the  benefit  of  some 
poorer  scholar  to  whom  it  might  be  of  use.  He  was 
forward  in  encouraging  all  objects  of  science  and  lite- 
rature, and  promoting  all  useful  institutions.  There 
was  scarcely  a  public  charity  to  which  he  did  not  sub- 
scribe, or  any  work  of  merit  to  which  he  did  not  give 
his  support.  He  recommended  to  the  College  of  Phy- 
sicians the  first  design  of  their  '  Medical  Transactions/ 
was  the  author  of  several  papers  in  them,  also  of  some 
in  the  '  Philosophical  Transactions,'  as  well  as  of  '  Com- 
mentaries on  the  History  and  Cure  of  Diseases.' 

"  He  was  much  esteemed  by  his  majesty  king  George 
the  Third,  and  upon  the  queen's  first  coming  to  England 

editum  est,  in  quo  non  magis  eruditionem  judiciumque  admiramur, 
quam  industriam  ac  laborem.  Nihil  ex  opinione  admisit,  nihil  ex 
conjectura,  nihil  ex  probabilitate :  quicquid  autem  vel  novum  addi- 
derit,  vel  receptum  confirmaverit,  ex  usu  et  diuturna  observatione, 
qua  maxime  fide  potuit,  duxit :  Quid  mirum,  si  immensum  sui  desi- 
derium  nobis  reliquit  ?  Non  enim  ille  in  luce  modo,  atque  in  oculis 
civium  magnus ;  sed  intus,  domique  praestantior.  Qui  sermo  ? 
Quae  praecepta  ?  Quam  multse  literae  ?  Magno  enim  studio  cum 
omni  literarum  generi,  turn  philosophise  deditus  fuit ;  nee  vero 
ineunte  estate  solum,  sed  et  in  omni  vitse  spatio  ;  in  quo  ita  magna 
fuit  medendi  occupatio,  ut  non  multum,  sub  ipso  tecto,  otii  relin- 
queretur.  Quid  ego  divinarum  rerum  contemplationem  memorem  ? 
qua  delectatione  satiari  nulla  aetas  potest.  Pater  dilectissime  ?  quid 
non  virtutes  istse,  tuusque  in  me  animus  mereantur  ?  Sed  admi- 
ratione  te  potius,  quam  temporalibus  laudibus  ;  utinam  quoque  simi- 
litudine  possemus  decorare."  p.  19. 


1746]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        163 

in  1761  had  been  named  as  physician  to  her  majesty — 
an  honour  which  he  thought  fit  to  decline  ;  the  real 
reason  of  which  was  that  he  was  apprehensive  it  might 
interfere  with  those  connections  of  life  that  he  had  now 
formed.  In  1796  he  met  with  an  accident  which  dis- 
abled him  for  the  last  few  years  of  his  life ;  till  then  he 
had  always  been  in  the  habit  of  walking,  if  he  could, 
some  part  of  every  day.  It  deserves  to  be  mentioned 
that  when  he  was  fast  approaching  to  the  age  of  ninety, 
he  observed  that,  though  his  occupations  and  pleasures 
were  certainly  changed  from  what  they  had  used  to  be, 
yet  he  knew  not  if  he  had  ever  passed  a  year  more  com- 
fortably than  the  last.  He  lived  to  his  ninety-first  year, 
and  there  can  hardly  be  a  more  striking  memorial  of 
the  perfect  condition  of  his  mind  to  the  very  last,  than 
that  within  forty-eight  hours  of  his  decease  he  repeated 
a  sentence  from  an  ancient  Roman  author,  signifying 
that  '  death  is  kinder  to  none  than  those  to  whom  it 
comes  uninvoked.' 

"  His  address  was  pleasing  and  unaffected,  his  obser- 
vations cautious  and  profound,   and  he  had  a  happy 
manner  of  getting  able  men  to  exhibit  their  several 
talents,  which  he  directed  and  moderated  with  singular 
attention  and  good  humour.    But  though  rendered  emi- 
nent by  his  skill  as  a  physician,  he  conferred  a  more 
valuable  and  permanent  lustre  on  his  profession  by  the 
worth  and  excellence  of  his  private  character.     From 
his  early  youth  Dr.  William  Heberden  had  entertained 
a  deep  sense  of  religion,  a  consummate  love  of  virtue, 
an  ardent  thirst  for  knowledge,  and  an  earnest  desire 
to  promote  the  welfare  and  happiness  of  all  mankind. 
By  these  qualities,  accompanied  with  great  sweetness  of 
manners,  he  acquired  the  love  and  esteem  of  all  good 
men,  in  a  degree  which  perhaps  very  few  have  expe- 
rienced ;  and  after  passing  an  active  life  with  the  uni- 
form testimony  of  a  good  conscience,  he  became  a  dis- 
tinguished example  of  its  influence  in  the  cheerfulness 
and  serenity  of  his  latest  age.     In  proof  of  these  asser- 
tions, I  will  mention  an  anecdote  of  him,  which  though 

M  2 


1G4  ROLL   OF   THE  [1748 

now  perhaps  almost  forgotten,  somehow  or  other  trans- 
pired at  the  time,  and  was  duly  appreciated  by  his  con- 
temporaries. After  the  death  of  Dr.  Conyers  Middleton, 
his  widow  called  upon  Dr.  Heberden  with  a  MS.  trea- 
tise of  her  late  husband,  about  the  publication  of  which 
she  was  desirous  of  consulting  him.  The  religion  of  Dr. 
Middleton  had  always  been  justly  suspected,  and  it  was 
quite  certain  that  his  philosophy  had  never  taught  him 
candour.  Dr.  Heberden  having  perused  the  MS.,  which 
was  on  the  inefficacy  of  prayer,  told  the  lady  that 
though  the  work  might  be  deemed  worthy  of  the  learn- 
ing of  her  departed  husband,  its  tendency  was  by  no 
means  creditable  to  his  principles,  and  would  be  inju- 
rious to  his  memory ;  but  as  the  matter  pressed,  he 
would  ascertain  what  a  publisher  might  be  disposed  to 
give  for  the  copyright.  This  he  accordingly  did  ;  and 
having  found  that  150?.  might  be  procured,  he  himself 
paid  the  widow  200?.  and  consigned  the  MS.  to  the 
Barnes.** 

Dr.  Heberden 's  "  Commentarii  de  Morborum  Historic 
et  Curatione,"  a  posthumous  work,  which  will  transmit 
his  name  to  the  latest  posterity,  appeared  both  in  Latin 
and  English  in  1802.  They  were  received  with  equal,  if 
not  greater,  applause  on  the  continent  than  in  England. 
Soemmering  considered  them  of  such  value  that  he  re- 
printed them  in  Germany  with  a  preface,  in  which  he 
styles  their  author  the  "  Medicus  vere  Hippocraticus." 
Professor  Friedlander,  of  Halle,  published  in  1831  a 
neat  edition  at  Leipsic,  as  a  portion  of  the  "  Scriptorum 
Classicorum  de  Praxi  Medici  nonnulloruui  Opera  Col- 
lecta." 

An  admirable  portrait  of  Dr.  Heberden,  in  his  eighty- 
sixth  year,  by  Sir  William  Beech  ey,  is  in  the  College. 
It  was  presented  by  his  son,  Dr.  William  Heberden,  at 
the  opening  of  the  present  College  in  June,  1825,  and 
has  been  well  engraved  by  W.  Ward. 

MOSES   GRIFFITH,   M.D.,   was  the  son  of  Edward 

*  The  Gold-headed  Cane.     2nd  edition.  Lond.  1828,  p.  176. 


1748]  ROYAL   COLLEGE    OF   PHYSICIANS.  165 

Griffith  ("  telionarii  "),  was  born  at  Lapidon,  co.  Salop, 
educated  at  Shrewsbury  school  under  Mr.  Hotchkiss, 
and  was  admitted  a  sizar  of  St.  John's  college,  Cam- 
bridge, 2nd  June,  1742,  aged  eighteen.  He  received 
his  medical  education  at  Leyden,  where  he  proceeded 
doctor  of  medicine  the  30th  December,  1744  (D.M.I,  de 
Abortu  prascavendo,  4to.).  He  was  admitted  a  Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  13th  April,  1747,  and 
practised  for  many  years  in  London,  but  in  1768  with- 
drew to  Colchester,  where  (I  believe)  he  died  in  March, 
1785.  He  was  the  author  of  "  Practical  Observations 
on  the  Cure  of  the  Hectic  and  Slow  Fevers,  and  the 
Pulmonary  Consumption ;"  to  which  is  added,  "  A 
Method  of  treating  several  kinds  of  Internal  Haemor- 
rhages." 8vo.  Lond.  1775.  To  Dr.  Griffith  we  owe 
the  compound  iron  mixture  of  the  Pharmacopoeia. 

SAMUEL  MIKLES,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine  of 
Glasgow  ;  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  30th  April,  1747.  We  have  from 
his  pen — 

Observations  relating  to  the  Practice  of  Physic  and  Surgery, 
abridged  from  the  Philosophical  Transactions.  2  Vols.  8vo.  Lond. 
1745. 

Elements  of  Surgery.     8vo.  Lond.  1746. 

JOHN  DAVISON,  M.D.,  was  entered  on  the  physic  line 
at  Leyden  9th  October,  1733,  aged  twenty-one,  and 
graduated  doctor  of  medicine  there  in  1734  (D.M.I,  de 
Dia3ta  in  Febribus  acutis).  He  was  admitted  an  Extra- 
Licentiate  of  the  CoUege  19th  July,  1748.  He  prac- 
tised at  Nottingham  ;  was  physician  to  the  hospital  in 
that  town;  and  died  on  the  10th  December,  1790,  in 
the  seventy-eighth  year  of  his  age. 

DAVID  THOMSON,  M.D.,  of  Camberwell,  and  a  doctor 
of  medicine  of  Aberdeen  of  1739,  was  admitted  an 
Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  22nd  Sep- 
tember, 1748, 


1G6  BOLL   OF   THE  [1748 

EDWARD  MILWARD,  M.D.,  was  educated  at  Leyden, 
where  he  graduated  doctor  of  medicine.  On  the  7th 
July,  1741,  as  a  member  of  Trinity  college,  he  was  cre- 
ated M.D.  at  Cambridge  by  royal  mandate,  and  on  the 
21st  January,  1741-2,  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the 
Royal  Society.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  30th  September,  1747;  and  a  Fel- 
low 30th  September,  1748.  He  was  Censor  in  1752, 
1758  ;  and  delivered  the  Harveian  oration  in  1752.  He 
died  20th  August,  1757,  and  was  buried  in  the  Kriigh- 
ton  chapel,  Lindridge,  co.  Worcester,  where  he  is  thus 
commemorated  : 

Here  lieth  interred  the  body  of 

Edward  Milward,  M.D., 

who  departed  this  life 

the  20th  day  of  August  Anno  Domini  1757 
aetatis  suse  45.* 

Dr.  Milward  was  the  author  of — 

Trallianus  Reviviscens ;  or,  an  Account  of  Alexander  Trallian,  &c., 
in  a  Letter  to  Sir  Hans  Sloane,  Bart.  8vo.  Lond.  1734. 

Letter  to  all  Orders  of  Learned  Men  concerning  a  History  of  the 
Lives  of  British  Physical  and  Chirurgical  Authors.  8vo.  Lond. 
1740. 

WILLIAM  COXE,  M,D.,  of  Corpus  Christi  college, 
Cambridge;  M.B.  1738;  M.D.  4th  July,  1743.  He 
was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
30th  September,  1747  ;  a  Fellow  30th  September, 
1748;  and  was  Censor  in  1750,  1755,  and  Harveian 
orator  in  1753.  He  was  physician  to  the  Westminster 
hospital  from  1750  to  1757.  His  portrait  is  in  the 
board  room  of  that  hospital.  His  son,  William  Coxe, 
fellow  of  King's  college,  Cambridge,  born  7th  March, 
1747,  O.S.,  died  8th  June,  1828,  was  well  known  as  a 
traveller,  and  the  author  of  "  Memoirs  of  Sir  Robert 
Walpole,  earl  of  Orford,"  "Memoirs  of  Horatio  lord 
Walpole/'  "  Memoirs  of  John,  duke  of  Marlborough," 
&c.,  &c. 

*  Nash's  Worcestershire,  vol.  ii,  p.  98. 


1749]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  167 

JOHN  THOMAS  BATT,  M.D.,  was  a  son  of  William  Batt, 
esquire,  of  Down  ton,  in  the  county  of  Wilts,  by  his 
wife  Martha,  daughter  and  heiress  of  Jonathan  Clarke, 
esquire,  of  Nun  ton  house,  in  the  same  county.  He  was 
of  Baliol  college,  Oxford,  and  proceeded  A.B.  9th  De- 
cember, 1736;  A.M.  7th  July,  1739;  M.B.  6th  No- 
vember, 1742  ;  M.D.  12th  July,  1746  ;  was  admitted 
a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  Septem- 
ber, 1747  ;  and  a  Fellow  30th  September,  1748.  He 
was  Censor  in  1750,  1756,  1761  ;  and  Harveian  orator 
in  1754.  Dr.  Batt  was  elected  physician  to  St.  George's 
hospital  7th  February,  1746,  and  died  26th  August, 
1762. 

EGBERT  TAYLOR,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  John  Taylor, 
of  Newark,  twice  mayor  of  that  town,  and  was  born 
there  in  April,  1710.  At  an  early  age  he  was  placed  at 
the  Newark  grammar  school,  on  Dr.  Magnus's  founda- 
tion, and  in  due  course  was  entered  at  Trinity  college, 
Cambridge,  as  a  member  of  which  he  proceeded  M.B. 
1732;  M.D.  7th  July,  1737.  Keturning  to  Newark 
in  1732,  immediately  after  taking  his  first  degree  in 
physic,  and  where  the  vacancy  left  by  the  death  of  Dr. 
Mordecai  Hunton  in  1728  was  still  unoccupied,  he 
conciliated  the  esteem  of  his  fellow  townsmen  by  his 
polished  manners,  professional  assiduity,  and  general 
erudition.  Whilst  practising  at  Newark,  a  circum- 
stance occurred  which  laid  the  foundation  for  his  rapid 
promotion,  brought  him  prominently  into  notice,  and 
led  to  his  advancement  to  the  foremost  rank  of  his  pro- 
fession in  London.  Lord  Burlington  and  his  lady  were 
on  a  visit  to  Belvoir  castle,  some  twenty -five  miles 
from  Newark,  at  that  time  the  nearest  place  from 
which  any  extraordinary  medical  assistance  could  be 
procured.  His  lordship  was  taken  dangerously  ill,  and 
Dr.  Taylor  was  summoned  to  his  assistance.  The  symp- 
toms were  alarming,  and  the  gravest  apprehensions 
were  entertained  as  to  their  issue,  but  they  yielded  to 
the  doctor's  unremitting  attention  and  (it  is  said)  to 


1G8  ROLL   OF   THE  [1749 

the  bold  administration  of  opium.  Dr.  Taylor's  skill 
and  bearing  so  won  on  the  noble  inmates  of  the  castle, 
that  they  prevailed  upon  him  to  remove  to  London, 
where  their  united  efforts  soon  established  him  in  ex- 
tensive business,  and  obtained  for  him  the  patronage 
of  Sir  Edward  Hulse,  who  was  then  gradually  with- 
drawing himself  from  practice.  Lady  Burlington's 
exertions  in  his  behalf  were  indefatigable.  She  took 
him  in  her  own  carriage,  as  soon  as  he  had  established 
himself  in  London,  and  introduced  him  to  all  her  ac- 
quaintance as  a  prodigy  of  medical  skill,  and  she  is  said 
to  have  employed  herself  for  several  weeks  in  driving 
about  and  seeking  out  invalids,  on  all  of  whom  she  ab- 
solutely forced  her  favourite  physician. 

Dr.  Taylor  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College 
of  Physicians  4th  April,  1748,  and  a  Fellow  20th 
March,  1749.  He  was  Gulstonian  lecturer  in  1750, 
Censor  1751,  and  Harveian  orator  in  1755.  His  ora- 
tion, which  ranks  among  the  most  polished  in  style  and 
the  most  elaborated  in  matter  of  any  that  have  been 
published,  is  remarkable  as  being  the  medium  for  dis- 
seminating, more  especially  to  foreign  countries,  the 
opinion  of  the  College  of  Physicians  with  respect  to 
inoculation.*  Dr.  Taylor  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the 

*  "  The  College  having  been  informed  that  false  reports  concern- 
ing the  success  of  Inoculation  in  England  have  been  published  in 
foreign  countries,  think  proper  to  declare  their  sentiments  in  the 
following  manner,  viz.,  that  the  arguments  which  at  the  commence- 
ment of  this  practice  were  urged  against  it  had  been  refuted  by 
experience ;  that  it  is  now  held  by  the  English  in  greater  esteem, 
and  practised  among  them  more  extensively  than  ever  it  was  before, 
and  that  the  College  thinks  it  to  be  highly  salutary  to  the  human 
race."  "  Quoniam  Collegio  nuntiatum  fuit,  falsos  de  Variolarum 
Insititiarum  in  Anglia  success  a  et  existimatione  apud  exteras  gentes 
nuper  exiisse  rumores,  eidem  Collegio  sententiam  suam  de  rebus 
hisce  ad  hanc  modum  declarare  placuit :  videlicet,  argumenta,  quee 
contra  hanc  variolas  inserendi  consuetudinem  in  principio  affere- 
bantur,  experientiam  refellisse ;  eamque  hoc  tempore  majori  in 
honore  apud  Anglos  haberi,  magisque  quam  unquam  antea  inter  eos 
nunc  invalescere  ;  atque  humano  generi  valde  salutarem  esse  se 
existimare."  Oratio  Anniversaria  ex  Harveii  institute  habita  A.D. 
MDCCLV.  a  Roberto  Taylor,  M.D.,  p.  52. 


1749]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  169 

Royal  Society  7th  December,  1752.  He  held  the  ap- 
pointment of  physician  to  the  king,  and  died  15th  May, 
1762.  At  the  time  of  his  decease  he  was  erecting  a 
fine  mansion  at  Winthorpe,  near  Newark,  where  he 
had  hoped  to  spend  the  evening  of  his  days.  But  it 
was  unfinished  at  the  time  of  his  death,  and  was  soon 
afterwards  sold.  Dr.  Taylor's  body  was  to  have  been 
brought  to  Winthorpe  for  interment,  but  he  was  really 
buried  in  South  Audley-street  chapel,  from  which, 
however,  in  1778,  his  remains  and  those  of  an  infant 
son  were  removed  to  Winthorpe,  where  his  widow  had 
constructed  a  small  private  vault  for  their  reception  as 
well  as  for  her  own.  He  and  his  wife  are  commemo- 
rated by  a  monument  in  Winthorpe  church,  which  is 
thus  inscribed : — 

To  the  Memory  of 

Robert  Taylor,  M.D., 

Physician  in  Ordinary  to  his  Majesty, 

who  died  15th  May,  1762,  aged  53. 

Also 

of  Elizabeth  Taylor,  his  wife, 

who  died  10th  May,  1812,  aged  86, 

and  of  Robert  Taylor,  their  infant  son. 

This  monument  is  erected 

by  their  only  daughter 

Elizabeth  Chaplin. 

Dr.  Taylor  was  twice  married,  first  to  Anne,  youngest 
daughter  of  John  Heron,  esquire.  She  died  in  1757, 
and  was  buried  at  Newark.  Secondly,  on  the  9th  No- 
vember, 1759,  to  Elizabeth  Main  waring,  of  Lincoln, 
"  with  a  fortune  of  ten  thousand  pounds."  His  only 
surviving  child,  a  daughter  Elizabeth,  became  the 
wife  of  Henry  Chaplin,  esquire,  of  Blankney  hall,  co. 
Lincoln.  Dr.  Taylor's  portrait  is  at  Blankney. 

He  was  the  author  of — 

Epistola  Critica  ad  O.V.D.  Edoardum  Wilmot,  Baronettum ; 
in  qua  quatuor  Qusestionibus  ad  Variolas  Insitivas  spectantibus 
orbi  medico  denuo  propositus  ab  Antonio  De  Haen  in  Univ.  Vin- 
dobonensi  Professore  primerio,  directe  responsum  est.  4to.  Lorid. 
1761. 


170  ROLL   OF   THE  [1749 

Sex  Histories  Medicee  sive  Morborum  aliquot  funestornm  et  rari- 
oruui  Commentarius.  4to.  Lond.  1761. 

These,  with  his  Harveian  oration,  were  published 
together,  under  the  title  of— 

Miscellanea  Medica.     4to.  Lond.  1761. 

WILLIAM  MUSHET,  M.D.,  was  descended  from  a  fa- 
mily in  Stirling,  but  was  born  in  Dublin,  whitber  his 
parents  had  fled  on  account  of  their  participation  in  the 
cause  of  the  old  Pretender.  He  is  thought  to  have  been 
educated  at  Trinity  college,  Dublin.  He  was  entered  on  the 
physic  line  at  Leyden  26th  August,  1745,  aged  twenty- 
nine,  and  as  a  member  of  King's  college,  Cambridge,  he 
proceeded  M.D.in  1746.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  4th  April,  1  746  ;  and  a  Fellow, 
20th  March,  1749.  He  delivered  the  Gulstonian  lec- 
tures in  1751.  Dr.  Mushet  was  physician  to  the  army  ; 
he  served  in  Germany,  and  was  present  at  the  battle  of 
Minden  in  1759,  where  he  was  pnysician-in-chief  to  the 
forces.  At  the  conclusion  of  the  war  he  received  the 
thanks  of  both  houses  of  Parliament  for  his  services,  and 
was  offered  a  baronetcy,  which  he  declined.  Dr.  Mu- 
shet was  intimately  connected  with  the  duke  of  Rut- 
land, and  for  eleven  years  had  apartments  in  Belvoir 
castle. *  He  died  at  York  (to  which  city  he  had  re- 
tired) 1 1th  December,  1792,  aged  seventy-six.  A  monu- 
ment to  his  memory  is  in  the  church  of  St.  Mary  Castle- 
gate,  York.  It  bears  the  following  inscription  from  the 
pen  of  Sir  Robert  Sinclair,  recorder  of  York  : — 

To  the  Memory  of 
WILLIAM  MUSHET,  M.D., 

who, 
by  availing  himself  of  the  early  advantage 

of  a  polite  and  liberal  education, 
by  an  unremitting  pursuit  of  every  species 

of  useful  and  honourable  learning, 

by  a  prudent  and  judicious  culture  of  a 

cheerful  disposition  and  lively  imagination, 

*  Information  from  W.  B.  Mushet,  M.B. 


1749]     ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        171 

and  by  an  uncommon  share  of  natural 

acuteness  and  penetration, 

attained  to  very  great  and  deserved 

estimation  and  eminence  in  his  profession. 

He  died  at  York,  llth  December,  A.D.  1792, 

in  the  seventy-seventh  year  of  his  age. 

This  tribute  of  piety  and  affection  was  paid 

by  his  daughter,  MART  MOSHET. 

DAVID  Ross,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine  of  Rheims, 
of  27th  August,  1726  ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  20th  March,  1749.  He  was  ap- 
pointed physician  to  St.  George's  hospital  19th  October, 
1733,  and  retained  that  office  until  hi&  death,  about  the 
end  of  1757  or  beginning  of  1758. 

DANIEL  Cox,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine  of  St.  An- 
drew's, of  8th  November,  1742  ;  was  admitted  a  Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  26th  June,  1749.  He 
was  elected  physician  to  the  Middlesex  hospital  16th 
October,  1746.  and  resigned  that  office  23rd  May,  1749. 
Dr.  Cox  died  in  January,  1750.  We  have  from  his 
pen — 

Observations  on  the  Epidemic  Fever  of  1741.     8vo.  Lond.  1742. 
An  Appeal  to  the  public  in  behalf  of  Elizabeth  Canning.     8vo. 
Lond.  1753. 

A  Letter  to  a  Friend  on  Inoculation.     8vo.  Lond.  1757. 
Observations  on  the  Intermitting  Pulse.     8vo.  Lond.  1758. 
Family  Medical  Compendium.     8vo.  Gloucester. 

GEORGE  RAITT,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine  of  Ley- 
den  ;  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College 
of  Physicians  22nd  September,  1749.  He  practised  at 
Huntingdon,  and  died  on  the  17th  January,  1785.  By 
deed,  bearing  date  18th  January,  1780,  Dr.  Raitt  en- 
dowed a  charity  at  Huntingdon,  which  still  bears  his 
name,  with  three  yearly  rent  charges  for  the  purchase 
of  bread  and  coals  for  the  poor. 

JOHN  WALTON,  of  Lincoln,  was  admitted  an  Extra- 
Licentiate  of  the  College,  22nd  June,  1750. 


172  ROLL  OF  THE  [1750 

RICHARD  CONYERS,  M.D.,  was  one  of  three — Dr. 
William  Pitcairn  and  Dr.  Kennedy  being  the  others — 
upon  whom  the  university  of  Oxford,  at  the  opening  of 
the  Radcliffe  library  in  April,  1749,  conferred  the  de- 
gree of  doctor  of  medicine  by  diploma.  Admitted  a 
Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians,  26th  June,  1749 ; 
and  a  Fellow,  25th  June,  1750  ;  he  was  Censor  in  1753 
and  1757,  and  Harveian  orator  in  1756.  Dr.  Conyers, 
having  been  appointed  in  1758,  one  of  the  physicians 
to  the  forces,  was  obliged  to  leave  England  in  pursu- 
ance of  the  duties  of  that  office.  He  therefore  resigned 
his  office  of  Censor  25th  July,  1758,  and  Dr.  Addams 
was  appointed  in  his  place.  Dr.  Conyers  was  physician 
to  the  Foundling  hospital,  and  died  about  the  year 
1759.  He  had  received  his  medical  education  at  Ley- 
den.  He  was  entered  on  the  physic  line  there  3rd  No- 
vember, 1727,  being  then  twenty  years  of  age,  and  he 
graduated  doctor  of  medicine  there  in  1729  (D.M.I,  de 
Morbislnfantum  4to.).  He  republished  this  essay,  with 
additions  and  corrections,  8vo.  Lond.  1748. 

WILLIAM  PITCAIRN,  M.D.,  was  descended  from  the 
family  of  Dr.  Archibald  Pitcairn,  celebrated  as  the 
founder  of  the  mechanical  sect  of  medicine,  who,  having 
followed  the  fortunes  of  the  exiled  James,  was  for  a 
short  time  professor  of  the  practice  of  physic  at  Leyden. 
Dr.  William  Pitcairn  was  born  in  1711,  and  was  the 
eldest  son  of  the  Rev.  David  Pitcairn,  minister  of  Dy- 
sart,  in  Fifeshire,  by  his  wife  Catherine  Hamilton,  a  re- 
lative of  the  ducal  family  of  that  name.  I  can  recover 
but  few  particulars  of  his  education,  general  or  medical, 
except  that  he  studied  for  a  time  under  Boerhaave  at 
Leyden,  where  he  was  entered  on  the  physic  line  ]  5th 
October,  1734,  and  graduated  doctor  of  medicine  at 
Rlieims.*  He  was  private  tutor  to  James,  the  sixth 
duke  of  Hamilton,  whilst  that  nobleman  was  studying 
at  Oxford,  and  he  accompanied  him  in  1742  in  his  tra- 
vels on  the  continent.  At  the  opening  of  the  Radcliffe 

*  Russell's  Letter  to  Dr.  Addington  on  his  Refusal,  &c.  &c. 


1750]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        173 

library  in  April,  1749,  the  university  of  Oxford,  upon 
the  recommendation  of  the  trustees,  conferred  upon  him 
the  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  by  diploma.  Dr.  Pit- 
cairn  then  settled  in  London ;  was  admitted  a  Candi- 
date of  the  College  of  Physicians  26th  June,  1749  ;  and 
a  Fellow,  25th  June,  1750.  He  soon  obtained  the  con- 
fidence of  the  profession  and  of  the  public,  and  rapidly 
rose  to  eminence  and  fortune.  He  delivered  the  Gul- 
stonian  lectures  in  1752;  was  Censor  in  1753,  1755, 
1759,  1762;  Elect,  in  place  of  Dr.  Letherland,  16th 
April,  1764  ;  Consiliarius,  1764  ;  and  eventually  Presi- 
dent. To  this  office  he  was  elected  in  1775,  and  was 
annually  re-elected  for  ten  years,  resigning  in  1785,  and 
then  retiring  from  the  practice  of  the  profession.  On  the 
30th  September,  1785,  a  motion  was  made,  seconded, 
and  passed  unanimously  in  the  College, —  "That  the 
thanks  of  the  College  be  given  to  Dr.  William  Pitcairn 
for  his  unremitting  attention  to  the  affairs  of  the  Col- 
lege, and  for  the  great  zeal  which  he  showed  for  its 
honour  and  prosperity  during  the  ten  years  in  which 
he  held  the  office  of  President."  Dr.  Pitcairn  was 
elected  physician  to  St.  Bartholomew's  hospital  22nd 
February,  1750,  and  resigned  his  office  there  3rd  Feb- 
ruary, 1780.  The  governors  of  the  hospital,  to  mark 
their  sense  of  the  value  of  his  services,  elected  him  one 
of  the  almoners  on  the  26th  June,  1 782  ;  and  he  was 
appointed  treasurer  of  the  hospital  4th  March,  1784. 
This  circumstance,  probably,  hastened  his  retirement 
from  practice,  and  he  removed  from  his  residence  m 
Warwick-court  to  the  treasurer's  house  within  the 
hospital.  Dr.  Pitcairn  was  an  accomplished  botanist. 
He  had  a  house  in  the  Upper-street,  Islington,  oppo- 
site Cross-street,  to  which  he  frequently  retired,  and 
where  he  had  a  botanical  garden  five  acres  in  ex- 
tent, laid  out  with  great  judgment,  and  so  abundantly 
stocked  with  the  scarcest  and  most  valuable  plants 
as  to  be  second  only  in  size  and  importance  to  Dr. 
Fothergill's  garden  at  Upton.  At  this,  his  suburban  resi- 
dence Dr.  Pitcairn  died  on  the  25th  November,  1791. 


174  ROLL   OF   THE  [1751 

He  was  buried  on  the  1st  of  December  in  the  church 
of  St.  Bartholomew- the-Less.*     His  garden  was  dis- 
mantled, and  it  and  its  contents  sold  by  auction  in 
May,  1792.     Dr.  Pitcairn  was  also  physician  to  Christ's 
hospital,  and  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society.    Dr.  Pit- 
cairn  did  not  publish  anything.     But  tradition  hands 
him  down  to  us  as  an  eminently  sound  and  successful 
physician.     He  introduced  and  taught  in  the  wards  of 
St.  Bartholomew's  hospital  a  much  freer  employment  of 
opium  in  the  treatment  of  disease,  and  especially  of 
fevers,  than  was  customary  with  his  contemporaries.    Of 
his  practice  in  this  respect — his  Currus  triumphalis  Opii, 
as  it  was  designated  by  some  of  his  brethren — he  was 
justifiably  proud ;  and  the  more  so  when  (through  the 
medium  of  his  nephew,  the  future  Dr.  David  Pitcairn, 
then  a  student  of  medicine  at  Edinburgh)  it  reached 
the  ear  of  Dr.  Cullen,  and  was  the  means  of  saving  the 
life  of  the  son  of  that  great  master  of  physic.     The  case 
was  thought  desperate  by  Dr.  Cullen,  who,  acting  on 
what  he  had  heard  from  the  nephew,  of  Dr.  Pitcairn's 
practice  in  London,  administered  to  his  son  a  larger 
dose  of  laudanum  than  was  usually  prescribed,  and  with 
complete  success. t     His  portrait,  by  Sir  Joshua  Rey- 
nolds, engraved  by  Jones,  now  in  the  Censors'  room,  was 
bequeathed  to  the  College  by  Elizabeth  (Almack),  the 
widow  of  David  Pitcairn,  M.D. 

JOHN  BISHOP,  of  Crewkerne,  was  admitted  an  Extra- 
Licentiate  of  the  College  14th  September,  1750. 

CHARLES  MORTON,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Westmoreland 
in  1716,  and  educated  at  Ley  den.  He  was  entered  on 
the  physic  line  there  18th  September,  1736  ;  settled  in 
the  first  place  at  Kendal  in  his  native  county,  and 

*  "  Vir  bonus  et  doctus  in  medicina  exercenda  peritus,  et  re  her- 
baria curiosus  cujus  Hortus  Botanicus  herbis  et  fructicibus  rariori- 
bns  turgebat :  sed  pree  omnibus  Proculeius  alter  notus  in  fratres 
animi  paterni,  in  omnes  benevoli."  Oratio  ex  Harveiae  institute  ha- 
bita  1792,  auc.  Gulielmo  Cadogan,  p.  19. 

t  Gold-Headed  Cane.     2nd  ed.  Lond.  1828.  P.  185. 


1751]  ROYAL  COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  175 

practised  there  for  a  short  time  with  much  reputation. 
Returning  to  Leyden,  he  graduated  doctor  of  medicine 
there  30th  August,  1748  (D.M.I,  de  Tussi,)  and  was  ad- 
mitted an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
6th  September,  1748.  Shortly  after  this  he  removed 
to  London ;  was  elected  physician  to  the  Middlesex  hos- 
pital 19th  April,  1750  ;  and  admitted  a  Licentiate  of 
the  College  1st  April,  1751.  He  was  appointed  phy- 
sician to  the  Foundling  hospital  in  1754.  On  the  esta- 
blishment of  the  British  Museum  in  1756,  Dr.  Morton 
was  appointed  under-librarian  of  the  manuscript  and 
medal  department ;  and  on  the  death  of  Dr.  Maty,  in 
1776,  he  succeeded  to  the  office  of  principal  librarian. 
He  had  been  admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  in 
1752,  and  was  elected  secretary  in  1759,  an  office  he 
continued  to  hold  for  fourteen  years.  Dr.  Morton,  who 
is  represented  as  a  person  of  great  uprightness  and  in- 
tegrity, and  was  much  admired  as  a  scholar,  died  at  his 
apartments  in  the  British  Museum,  10th  February,  1799, 
aged  eighty-three,  and  was  buried  at  Twickenham  on 
the  18th,  He  was  thrice  married  :  1.  In  1744  to  Miss 
Mary  Berkeley,  a  niece  of  lady  Betty  Germaine,  by 
whom  he  had  an  only  daughter;  2.  In  1772  to  lady 
Savile,  who  died  10th  February,  1791 ;  and  lastly,  to- 
wards the  close  of  1791,  to  Elizabeth  Pratt,  a  near  re- 
lative of  his  second  wife.  Dr.  Morton's  only  medical 
effort  was  a  paper  on  muscular  motion,  in  the  "  Philo- 
sophical Transactions."  In  1759  he  published  an  im- 
proved edition  of  Dr.  Bernard's  engraved  Table  of  Alpha- 
bets, and  in  1772  Bulstrode  Whitelock's  "Account  of 
the  Swedish  Embassy  in  1653  and  1654,"  2  vols.  4to. 
In  1768  he  was  appointed,  jointly  with  Mr.  Farley,  to 
superintend  the  publication  of  Domesday,  but  this  task 
he  soon  relinquished. 

JAMES  PARSONS,  M.D.,  was  born  in  March,  1705,  at 
Barnstaple,  co.  Devon,  and  received  his  early  education 
in  Dublin,  his  father  having  removed  to  Ireland  on  re- 
ceiving the  appointment  of  barrack -master  at  Bolton. 


17G  ROLL   OP   THE  [1751 

When  he  had  completed  his  general  and  classical  edu- 
cation, he  became  tutor  to  lord  Kingston ;  but  ere  long, 
turning  his  thoughts  to  medicine,  relinquished  that 
office,  and  proceeded  to  Paris,  where  he  studied  for 
several  years.  On  the  llth  June,  1736,  he  took  the 
degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  at  Rheims.  In  the  follow- 
ing month  Dr.  Parsons  came  to  London,  bringing  with 
him  from  Paris  letters  of  introduction  and  recommen- 
dation to  Sir  Hans'Sloane,  Dr.  Mead,  and  Dr.  James 
Douglas.  He  assisted  the  last-named  physician  in  his 
anatomical  pursuits  ;  through  his  interest  was  appointed 
physician  to  the  public  infirmary  of  St.  Giles's,  in  1738  ; 
and  was  introduced  by  him  into  extensive  obstetric 
practice.  He  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  So- 
ciety in  1741,  and  was  appointed  its  foreign  secretary 
in  November,  1751.  Dr.  Parsons  was  admitted  a  Li- 
centiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  1st  April,  1751. 
"  He  resided  for  many  years  in  Red  Lion-square,  where 
he  frequently  enjoyed  the  company  of  Bishop  Lyttleton, 
Dr.  Stukeley,  Mr.  Henry  Baker,  Dr.  Knight,  and  many 
other  of  the  most  distinguished  members  of  the  Royal 
and  Antiquarian  societies.  He  enjoyed  also  the  literary 
correspondence  of  D'Argenville,  Buffon,  Le  Cat,  Beccaria, 
Bertrand,  Valltravers,  Ascanius,  Turberville,  and  others 
of  the  most  distinguished  rank  in  science.  As  a  prac- 
titioner, he  was  judicious,  careful,  honest,  and  remark- 
ably humane  to  the  poor ;  as  a  friend,  obliging  and 
communicative,  cheerful  and  decent  in  conversation, 
severe  and  strict  in  his  morals,  and  attentive  to  fulfil 
with  propriety  all  the  various  duties  in  life."  In  1769, 
finding  his  health  impaired,  he  proposed  to  retire  from 
business  and  from  London.  With  that  view  he  dis- 
posed of  a  considerable  number  of  his  books  and  fossils, 
and  went  to  Bristol.  But  he  returned  soon  after  to  his 
old  house,  and,  dying  in  it,  after  a  week's  illness,  on 
the  4th  April,  1770,  in  the  sixty-sixth  year  of  his  age, 
was  buried  at  Hendon,  and  in  obedience  to  his  special 
instructions,  not  until  the  21st  of  that  month.  On  his 
tomb  is  the  following  inscription  : — 


1751]     ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        177 

Here, 

taken  from  his  sorrowful  family  and  friends, 
by  the  common  lot  of  frail  humanity,  rests 

JAMES  PARSONS,  M.D., 

Member  of  the  College  of  Physicians, 

and  F.R.S.  and  S.A. 

A  man, 

in  whom  the  most  dignifying  virtues  were  united, 

with  talents  the  most  numerous  and  rare. 

Firm  and  erect  in  conscious  conviction, 

no  consideration  could  induce  him  to  desert  Truth 

or  acquiesce  to  her  opponents. 
Physic,  Anatomy,  Natural  History,  Antiquities, 

Languages,  and  the  Fine  Arts, 

are  largely  indebted  to  his  skill  and  industry  in  each, 

for  many  important  truths  discovered  in  their  support, 

or  errors  detected  in  which  they  were  obscured. 

Yet,  though  happy  beyond  the  general 

race  of  mankind  in  mental  endowments, 

the  sincere  Christian,  the  affectionate  Husband, 

the  generous  and  humane  Friend, 
were  in  him  superior  to  the  Sage,  Scholar,  and  Philosopher. 

He  died  April  4,  1770, 
in  the  66th  year  of  his  age. 

A  portrait  of  Dr.  Parsons,  by  Wilson,  is  in  the  British 
Museum. 

He  was  the  author  of— 

Elenchus  Gynaicopathologicus  et  Obstetricarius.  8vo.  Lond. 
1741. 

A  Mechanical  and  Critical  Inquiry  into  the  nature  of  Herma- 
phrodites. 8vo.  Lond.  1741. 

The  Croonian  Lecture  on  Muscular  Motion.     4to.  Lond.  1745. 

Microscopical  Theatre  of  Seeds.     4to.  Lond.  1745. 

A  Description  of  the  Human  Urinary  Bladder  and  Parts  belong- 
ing to  it.  8vo.  Lond.  1742. 

Human  Physiognomy  explained  in  the  Croonian  Lectures  on 
Muscular  Motion.  4to.  Lond.  1747. 

Philosophical  Observations  on  the  Analogy  between  the  Propa- 
gation of  Animals  and  that  of  Vegetables,  with  Observations  on  the 
Polypus.  8vo.  Lond.  1752. 

Remains  of  Japhet,  being  Historical  Inquiries  into  the  Affinity 
and  Origin  of  the  European  Languages. 

HERMAN  HEINEKEN,  M.D.,  was  born  in  London,  and 
on  the  15th  April,  1742,  in  his  twenty-sixth  year,  was 
entered  on  the  physic  line  at  Ley  den,  but  he  graduated 
doctor  of  medicine  at  Franeker  5th  June,  1744  (D.M.I. 

VOL.  II.  N 


178  ROLL   OF   THE  [1751 

de  Diabete),  and  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  1st  April,  1751.  He  was  elected 
physician  to  the  Middlesex  hospital  29th  August,  1749, 
and,  after  a  service  of  seven  months  only,  resigned  his 
office  there  3rd  April,  1750.  Dying  in  1772,  aged 
fifty-seven,  he  was  buried  in  the  church  of  St.  Mary 
Aldermary. 

SIR  JOHN  BAPTIST  SILVESTER,  M.D.,  was  born  in 
Aquitaine,  and  educated  at  Leyden,  where  he  graduated 
doctor  of  medicine  9th  October,  1738.  He  served  as 
physician  to  the  army  in  the  Low  Countries,  and  was 
admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th 
June,  1751.  Appointed  physician  to  the  London  hos- 
pital 22nd  February,  1748,  he  resigned  his  office  3rd 
October,  1764,  and  in  1777  withdrew  from  practice, 
and  retired  to  Bath,  where  he  died  the  2nd  November, 
178i).  He  was  interred  in  the  Dutch  church,  Austin 
Friars.  He  was  knighted  21st  July,  1774,  but  under 
what  circumstances  I  have  been  unable  to  discover. 

GEORGE  LAMONT,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine  of 
Aberdeen,  of  llth  July,  1727  ;  was  admitted  a  Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1751. 

FRANCIS  PHILIP  DUVAL,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medi- 
cine of  Leyden,  of  25th  October,  1726  (D.M.I,  de 
Emeticorum  effectibus  in  Corpore  Humano),  was  ad- 
mitted a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th 
June,  1751.  Dr.  Duval  was  physician  to  the  dowager 
princess  of  Wales,  and  died  9th  July,  1768. 

PHILIP  DE  LA  COUR,  M.D.,  was  born  in  London,  and 
on  the  12th  April,  1730,  being  then  twenty  years  of 
age,  was  entered  on  the  physic  line  at  Leyden,  where 
he  took  the  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  18th  August, 
1733  (D.M.I,  de  naturali  Catameniorum  fluxu,  4to.). 
He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physi- 
cians 25th  June,  1751.  In  1772  he  retired  to  Bath, 
and  died  there  2 1st  November,  1780. 


1751]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  179 

SAMUEL  JEBB,  M.D. — This  accomplished  scholar  was 
the  second  son  of  Samuel  Jebb,  a  maltster  of  Mansfield, 
co.  Nottingham,  and  was  born  either  in  that  town  or  at 
Nottingham,  but  most  probably  the  former.  He  was 
destined  for  the  church,  and  was  sent  to  Peterhouse, 
Cambridge,  as  a  member  of  which  he  proceeded  bache- 
lor of  arts  in  1712.  Becoming  attached,  however,  to 
the  non-jurors  he  left  the  university,  and  accepted  the 
office  of  librarian  to  the  celebrated  Jeremy  Collier. 
Shortly  after  this  he  married  a  relation  of  the  wife  of 
Mr.  Dillingham,  a  noted  apothecary  in  Red  Lion-square, 
from  whom,  on  the  recommendation  of  Dr.  Mead,  he 
took  instruction  in  chemistry  and  pharmacy.  He  had 
before  this  made  for  himself  a  reputation  as  an  able 
scholar,  and  for  many  years  mainly  supported  himself 
by  his  pen.  The  intervals  from  these  labours  he  now 
devoted  to  the  study  of  physic ;  and,  proceeding  to 
Rheims,  there  took  his  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine 
12th  March,  1728.  He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1751  ;  and  settling 
at  Stratford,  Essex,  practised  there  with  considerable 
success  for  some  years.  Having  accumulated  a  mode- 
rate fortune,  he  retired  to  Chesterfield,  co.  Derby,  where 
he  died  9th  March,  1772,  leaving  several  children,  one 
of  whom,  Sir  Richard  Jebb,  bart.,  M.D.,  will  have  to  be 
mentioned  hereafter.  Dr.  Jebb's  publications  were  very 
numerous.  The  following  will,  I  believe,  be  found  a 
tolerably  correct  list  of  them  : — 

Justini  Martyris  cum  Tryphone  Dialogus.     8vo.  Lond.  1719. 

Translation  of  the  Rev.  Daniel  Martin's  Two  Critical  Disserta- 
tions— I.  Upon  the  7th  verse  of  the  1st  chapter  of  St.  John's  First 
Epistle.  II.  In  Defence  of  the  Testimony  given  to  our  Saviour  by 
Josephus.  8vo.  Lond.  1719. 

Proposals  for  publishing  a  new  edition  of  the  Works  of  Aristides 
in  Four  Volumes.  8vo.  Lond.  1720. 

Bibliotheca  Literaria. 

This  extended  to  ten  numbers,  the  first  of  which  ap- 
peared in  1722,  the  last  in  1724. 

De  Vita  et  Rebus  gestis  Marias  Scotorum  Regin®,  Francioa 
Dotariee.  2  vols.  Fol. 

N  2 


180  ROLL   OF   THE  [1752 

The  History  of  the  Life  and  Reign  of  Mary  Queen  of  Scots  and 
Dowager  of  France ;  extracted  from  original  Records  and  Writers 
of  Credit.  8vo.  Lond.  1725. 

./Elii  Aristidis  Adrianensis  Opera  Omnia  Greece  et  Latine.  2  torn. 
Oxon.  4to.  1730. 

Johannis  Caii  Britanni,  de  Canibus  Britannicis,  Liber  unus — de 
Variorum  Auimalium  et  Stirpium  &c.  Liber  unus — de  Libris  Pro- 
priis,  Liber  unus — de  Pronunciatione  Graecae  et  Latinae  Linguae  cum 
Scriptione  Nova,  Libellus,  ad  optimorum  exemplarium  fidem  recog- 
niti.  8vo.  Lond.  1729. 

Friar  Bacon's  Opus  Majus,  from  a  MS.  in  the  Public  Library.- 
Fol.  Lond.  1733. 

Humphr.  Hodii  de  Graecis  illustribus,  Linguae  Graecae,  Litera- 
rumque  humaniorum  Instauratoribus — Praemittitur  de  Vita  et 
Scriptis  ipsius  Humphredi  Hodii  Dissertatio.  8vo.  Lond.  1742. 

Mr.  Bridges'  MSS.  relating  to  the  History  of  North- 
amptonshire were  confided  to  the  editorial  care  of  Dr. 
Jebb,  who  published  two  parts  in  folio ;  but  circum- 
stances then  occurred  to  interfere  with  its  completion, 
and  the  papers  were  handed  to  Mr.  Whalley. 

ROBERT  WATSON,  M.D.,  was  of  Catherine  hall,  Cam- 
bridge ;  M.B.  1745;  M.D.  3rd  July,  1750.  He  was 
admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  1st 
October,  1750,  and  a  Fellow  30th  September,  1751. 
He  delivered  the  Gulstonian  Lectures  in  1753,  and  was 
Censor  the  same  year.  Dr.  Watson  was  for  a  short 
time  physician  to  the  Westminster  hospital.  Elected 
to  that  office  in  1752,  he  resigned  it  in  1754,  and  died 
2nd  March,  1756.  "  In  him,"  writes  the  "  Gentleman's 
Magazine,"  "  the  public  has  lost  a  real  scholar,  an  excel- 
lent physician,  an  admirable  philosopher,  and,  in  every 
consideration,  a  most  worthy  person." 

JOHN  CLEPHANE,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine  of 
St.  Andrew's,  of  29th  May,  1729,  who  had  served  as 
physician  to  the  army  in  the  Low  Countries,  was  ad- 
mitted a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th 
June,  1752.  He  was  appointed  physician  to  St.  George's 
hospital,  8th  May,  1751.  He  was  admitted  a  fellow 
of  the  Royal  Society  4th  May,  1749,  and  died  llth 


1752]  ROYAL    COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  181 

October,  1758.  Dr.  Clephane  is  remembered  as  the 
intimate  friend  and  correspondent  of  David  Hume  the 
historian. 

GEORGE  MACAULAY,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine  of 
Padua,  of  16th  April,  1739  ;  was  admitted  an  Extra- 
Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  24th  September, 
1746.  In  1752  he  removed  to  London,  and  on  the  25th 
June  of  that  year  was  admitted  a  Licentiate.  He  was 
physician  and  treasurer  to  the  Lying-in  hospital  in 
Brownlow-street.  About  the  year  1756,  as  Dr.  Denman 
tells  us,  there  was  a  consultation  of  the  most  eminent 
obstetricians  in  London  to  consider  the  moral  rectitude 
of  and  advantages  which  might  be  expected  from  the 
induction  of  premature  labour  in  certain  cases  of  con- 
tracted pelvis  ;  when  the  plan  received  their  general 
approval,  and  it  was  decided  to  adopt  it  for  the  future. 
The  first  case  in  which  it  was  considered  necessary  was 
undertaken  with  success  by  Dr.  Macaulay  in  1756.  He 
died  the  16th  September,  1766. 

JAMES  DARGENT  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the 
College  3rd  July,  1752.  He  was  physician  to  the  West- 
minster hospital  from  1762  to  178 7. 

DANIEL  PETER  LAYARD,  M.D.,  was  a  doctor  of  medi- 
cine of  Rheims  of  9th  March,  1742.  He  was  elected 
physician-accoucheur  to  the  Middlesex  hospital  in  April, 
1747;  but,  his  health  giving  way  shortly  afterwards, 
he  retired  for  a  time  to  the  continent.  On  his  return 
to  England  he  settled  at  Huntingdon,  and  practised 
there  for  some  years  with  eminent  success.  He  was 
admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  3rd 
July,  1752.  About  1762  he  quitted  Huntingdon,  and, 
returning  to  London,  soon  got  into  extensive  practice 
as  an  accoucheur.  Dr.  Layard  died  at  Greenwich  in 
February,  1802,  in  the  eighty-second  year  of  his  age. 
He  was  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  societies  of  London  and 
Gottingen,  and  a  vice-president  of  the  British  Lying-in 


182  BOLL   OF   THE  [1752 

hospital,  of  which  he  had  been  one  of  the  founders.  He 
was  brother  to  Mary  Anne  duchess  of  Ancaster,  and 
father  to  the  dean  of  Bristol.  In  1792  he  had  the 
honorary  degree  of  D.C.L.  conferred  upon  him  by  the 
university  of  Oxford.  Dr.  Layard  contributed  some 
papers  to  the  "  Philosophical  Transactions,"  and  pub- 
lished— 

An  Essay  on  the  Contagions  Distemper  among  the  Horned  Cattle 
in  these  Kingdoms.  8vo.  Lond.  1757. 

Essay  on  the  Bite  of  a  Mad  Dog.     8vo.  Lond.  1762. 

An  Account  of  the  Somersham.  Water  in  the  county  of  Hunting- 
don. 8vo.  Lond.  1767. 

Pharmacopoeia  in  Usum  Gravidarum  Puerperarum,  &c.  8vo. 
Lond.  1776. 

ROBERT  PATE,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine  of  Aber- 
deen, of  12th  June,  1750  ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate 
of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  September,  1752.  He 
was  elected  physician  to  St.  Bartholomew's  hospital 
16th  January,  1752  ;  and  died  at  his  house  in  Hatton- 
garden  13th  January,  1762. 

EDWARD  ARCHER,  M.D.,  was  born  in  South wark, 
and  studied  his  profession  first  in  Edinburgh,  and 
afterwards  at  Leyden,  where  he  proceeded  doctor  of 
medicine  26th  August,  1746  (D.M.I,  de  Rheumatismo, 
4to.).  He  was  elected  physician  to  the  Small-pox  hos- 
pital in  1747  ;  and  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the 
CoUege  of  Physicians  30th  September,  1752.  The  great 
object  of  Dr.  Archer's  life  was  the  improvement  of  the 
practice  in  small-pox,  and  the  advancement  of  inocula- 
tion. He  was  a  humane,  judicious,  and  learned  physi- 
cian ;  and  to  the  study  of  medicine  he  added  that  of 
polite  literature,  which  he  patronised  in  most  of  its 
branches.  He  was  an  accomplished  classical  scholar 
and  left  behind  him  a  valuable  and  well-chosen  Jibrary. 
Possessing  a  fortune  adequate  to  his  views  in  life,  and 
being  fond  of  retirement  and  study,  he  was  never  soli- 
citous about  the  emoluments  of  his  profession,  and  for 
some  years  before  his  death  altogether  declined  private 


1752]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        183 

practice.  His  health  at  length  giving  way,  and  symp- 
toms of  hydrothorax  manifesting  themselves,  he  ex- 
pressed a  wish  to  be  removed  to  the  Small-pox  hospital, 
that  he  might  die  in  an  institution  whose  welfare  he 
had  so  much  at  heart,  and  with  which  he  had  been  so 
long  and  so  honourably  associated.  Rooms  were  forth- 
with prepared  for  his  reception,  and  he  died  there  on 
the  28th  March,  1789,  in  the  seventy-second  year  of  his 
age.  His  remains  were  interred  in  a  vault  belonging 
to  his  family  at  Woodford  in  Essex.  The  funeral,  which 
took  place  on  the  4th  April,  was  attended  by  the  trea- 
surer, house  committee,  and  several  governors  of  the 
Small-pox  hospital,  who  were  anxious  to  testify  their 
regard  for  one  who  had  served  the  institution  so  long 
and  so  well.  To  the  hospital,  which  owes  so  much  to 
his  incessant  and  benevolent  exertions  during  the  long 
period  of  forty-two  years,  Dr.  Archer  by  his  will  be- 
queathed 5001.  In  the  board  room  of  the  hospital  is  an 
excellent  whole-length  portrait  of  Dr.  Archer,  by  Pine, 
done  in  the  year  1782,  at  the  expense  of  the  thirteen 
governors  who  at  that  time  composed  the  house  com- 
mittee. To  each  of  those  gentlemen  who  should  be 
alive  at  the  time  of  his  decease,  the  doctor  bequeathed 
the  amount  of  their  subscription  on  that  occasion. 

JOHN  MONRO,  M.D.,  was  the  eldest  son  of  James 
Monro,  M.D.,  a  fellow  of  the  college  before  mentioned, 
and  was  born  at  Greenwich  16th  November,  1715.  He 
received  his  rudimentary  education  at  Merchant  Tay- 
lors' school,  and  in  1733  was  sent  to  St.  John's  college, 
Oxford,  of  which  society  he  became  a  fellow.  He  pro- 
ceeded A.B.  13th  May,  1737;  A.M.  llth  July,  1740; 
and  in  the  April  following  was  elected  one  of  the  Kad- 
cliffe  travelling  fellows.  He  studied  physic  first  at 
Edinburgh  and  then  at  Leyden  ;  and  was  admitted 
bachelor  of  medicine  at  Oxford,  as  a  member  of  Univer- 
sity college,  IQth  December,  1743.  Returning  to  the 
continent,  he  resided  for  some  time  in  Paris,  again 
visited  Holland,  and  after  a  short  stay  there  proceeded 


184  ROLL  OF  THE  [1753 

to  Germany.  He  then  visited  Italy  and  returned 
through  France  to  England,  which  he  reached  in  1751, 
when  the  term  of  his  travelling  fellowship  had  expired. 
During  his  absence  the  university  of  Oxford  had  con- 
ferred upon  him  (27th  June,  1747),  the  degree  of  doc- 
tor of  medicine  by  diploma.  His  father's  health  begin- 
ning to  decline,  he  was,  on  the  24th  July,  1751,  shortly 
after  his  arrival  in  England,  appointed  joint  physician 
with  him  to  Bethlem  hospital ;  and  on  Dr.  James 
Monro's  death,  the  following  year,  he  was  continued 
so\f  physician. 

Dr.  Monro  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College 
of  Physicians  25th  June,  1752  ;  and  a  Fellow,  25th 
June,  1753.  He  was  Censor  in  1754,  1759, 1763,  1768, 
1772,  1778,  1785  ;  and  he  delivered  the  Harveian  ora- 
tion in  1757,  on  which  occasion  he  was  honoured  by  the 
presence  of  Don  John  de  Braganza,  brother  to  the  king 
of  Portugal.  Dr.  Monro  limited  his  practice  almost  ex- 
clusively to  insanity,  and  in  the  treatment  of  that  disease 
is  said  to  have  attained  to  greater  eminence  and  success 
than  any  of  his  contemporaries.  In  January,  1783, 
while  still  in  full  business,  he  was  attacked  with  para- 
lysis. The  strength  of  his  constitution,  however,  en- 
abled him  to  overcome  the  first  effects  of  his  disorder 
and  resume  the  exercise  of  his  profession,  but  his 
vigour,  both  of  mind  and  body,  began  from  that  time  to 
decline.  In  1787  his  son  Dr.  Thomas  Monro  was  ap- 
pointed his  assistant  at  Bethlem  hospital,  and  he  then 
gradually  withdrew  from  business.  In  the  beginning 
of  1791  he  retired  to  Hadley,  near  Barnet,  and  there 
continued  until  his  death,  which  occurred,  after  a  short 
illness,  on  the  27th  December,  1791,  in  the  seventy- 
seventh  year  of  his  age. 

Dr.  Monro  possessed  a  correct  and  elegant  taste  for 
the  fine  arts,  and  his  collection  of  books  and  engravings 
was  very  considerable.  He  was  deeply  versed  in  the 
early  history  of  engraving,  and  the  specimens  he  had 
collected  of  the  works  of  the  earlier  engravers  were 
select  and  curious.  From  these,  as  well  as  from  the 


1753]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        185 

communications  of  Dr.  Monro,  Mr.  Strutt  derived  great 
assistance  in  the  preparation  of  his  "  Histoiy  of  En- 
gravers." Horace  and  Shakspeare  were  Dr.  Monro's 
favourite  authors,  and  his  notes  and  remarks  on  the 
latter  were  considerable.  These  he  communicated  to 
Mr.  Steevens  previous  to  the  publication  by  that  gentle- 
man of  the  works  of  our  immortal  bard.  Dr.  Monro's 
fondness  for  reading  was  great,  and  proved  a  consider- 
able resource  to  him  in  the  evening  of  life — fortunately 
he  was  able  to  avail  himself  of  this  solace  till  within  a 
very  few  days  of  his  death.  His  only  published  writ- 
ings were  his  Harveian  oration,  and  a  small  pamphlet 
entitled  "  Remarks  on  Dr.  Battle's  Treatise  on  Mad- 
ness." 8vo.  Lond.  1758.  This  feeling  tribute  to  a 
father's  memory,  whose  character  he  considered  had 
been  unjustly  assailed  by  Dr.  Battie,  has  been  already 
alluded  to.  It  perfectly  effected  its  object,  and,  it  is 
said,  covered  Dr.  Battie  with  well-merited  ridicule.  A 
portrait  of  Dr.  John  Monro,  presented  by  his  great- 
grandson  Dr.  Henry  Monro,  is  in  the  College  dining- 
room.  To  Dr.  John  Monro  the  College  is  indebted  for 
two  very  fine  manuscripts  "  of  our  ancient  and  great 
benefactor  Dr.  Hamey."  For  these  the  thanks  of  the 
College  were  voted  25th  June,  1783. 

ANTHONY  ASKEW,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Kendal,  in 
Westmoreland,  in  1722.  He  was  the  eldest  son  of 
Adam  Askew,  M.B.,  of  Newcastle-upon-Tyne,  by  his 
wife  Ann,  daughter  and  co-heiress  of  Richard  Cracken- 
thorp,  esq.,  of  Newbiggin,  co.  Westmoreland.  His 
father  was  a  physician  in  such  estimation  at  Newcastle 
that  he  was  considered  another  Radcliffe,  and  was  con- 
sulted by  all  the  families  of  consequence  for  many  miles 
around.  Anthony  Askew  was  educated  at  the  gram- 
mar school  of  Sedburgh,  whence  he  proceeded  to  Emma- 
nuel college,  Cambridge,  of  which  he  was  elected  a 
fellow,  and  where  he  remained  until  December,  1745, 
when  he  took  the  degree  of  bachelor  of  medicine.  He 
then  went  to  Leyden  and  remained  there  twelve  months, 


180  ROLL  OF  THE  [1753 

soon  after  which  we  find  him  in  the  suite  of  the  English 
ambassador  at  Constantinople.  He  remained  abroad 
for  three  years,  visiting  Athens  and  Hungary,  and  re- 
turning home  through  Italy  and  Paris,  where,  in  1749, 
he  was  elected  a  member  of  the  Academy  of  Belles 
Lettres.  At  Paris  he  had  an  opportunity  of  purchasing 
several  rare  MSS.,  early  editions  of  the  classics,  and 
valuable  books  in  various  branches  of  science,  and  of 
laying  the  foundation  of  that  elegant  and  extensive 
library  which  afterwards  became  so  celebrated!  Having 
finished  his  travels,  he  returned  to  Cambridge,  and 
proceeded  doctor  of  medicine  in  1750.  He  settled  in 
London ;  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society 
8th  February,  1749  ;  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  25th  June,  1752  ;  and  a  Fellow,  25th  June, 
1753.  On  the  22nd  August,  1754,  he  was  elected 
physician  to  St.  Bartholomew's  hospital.  He  delivered 
the  Harveian  oration  in  1758  ;  was  Censor  in  1756, 
1761,  1764,  1766,  1767;  and  Registrar  from  1767  to 
his  death  in  1774. 

On  Dr.  Askew's  settling  in  London  he  was  visited  by 
all  who  were  distinguished  for  learning  or  curious  in 
the  fine  arts.  He  soon  acquired  the  warm  friendship 
of  Dr. 'Mead,  to  whom  he  had,  while  studying  physic 
at  the  university  of  Leyden,  dedicated  his  specimen  of 
an  edition  of  ./Eschylus,  and  who,  we  are  told  by  Dr. 
Dibdin,  "  supported  him  with  a  sort  of  paternal  zeal ; 
nor  did  he  find  in  his  protege  an  ungrateful  son.  Few 
minds  were  probably  more  congenial  than  were  those 
of  Mead  and  Askew  :  the  former  had  a  magnificence  of 
sentiment  which  infused  into  the  mind  of  the  latter  just 
notions  of  a  character  aiming  at  solid  intellectual  fame, 
without  the  petty  arts  and  dirty  tricks  which  we  now 
see  too  frequently  pursued  to  obtain  it.  Dr.  Askew, 
with  less  pecuniary  means  of  gratifying  it,  evinced  an 
equal  ardour  in  the  pursuit  of  books,  MSS.,  and  in- 
scriptions. I  have  heard  from  a  very  worthy  old  gentle- 
man who  used  to  revel  'midst  the  luxury  of  Askew's 
table,  that  few  men  exhibited  their  books  and  pictures, 


1753]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.         187 

or,  as  he  called  it,  showed  the  lions,  better  than  did  the 
doctor.  Of  his  attainments  in  Greek  and  Latin  litera- 
ture it  becomes  not  me  to  speak,  when  such  a  scholar 
as  Dr.  Parr  has  been  eloquent  in  their  praise."  f  Amongst 
the  other  rich  stores  of  Dr.  Askew's  library  was  a  com- 
plete collection  of  the  editions  of  ^Eschylus,  some  illus- 
trated with  MS.  notes,  and  likewise  one  or  two,  if  not 
more,  MSS.  of  the  same  author,  which  were  collected 
purposely  with  the  intention  of  publishing  an  edition 
of  ^Eschylus.  So  early  as  the  year  1746  he  had  printed 
a  specimen  of  his  intended  edition,  in  a  small  quarto 
pamphlet,  under  the  title  of"  Novse  Editionis  Tragce- 
diarum  ^Eschyli  Specimen,  curante  Antonio  Askew, 
M.B.  Coll :  Emman  :  apud  Cantabrigienses  haud  ita 
pridem  Socio  Commensali.  Ludg  :  Bat:  1746."  This 
pamphlet,  which  has  now  become  very  scarce,  consisted 
only  of  25  lines  of  the  "  Eumenides."  It  contained 
various  readings  from  his  MSS.  and  books,  and  the 
"  Notae  Variorum." 

Dr.  Askew  resided  in  Queen 's-square.  "  His  house 
was  crammed  full  of  books,  the  passages  were  full,  the 
very  garrets  overflowed,  and  the  wags  of  the  day  used 
to  say  that  the  half  of  the  square  itself  would  have 
done  so  before  the  book  appetite  of  Dr.  Askew  would 
have  been  satiated.  He  saw  a  good  deal  of  company 
attracted  as  well  by  the  abundant  luxuries  with  which 
his  table  was  furnished  as  by  the  classical  conversations 
and  learned  accounts  of  curiosities  which  he  had  brought 
with  him  from  Greece.  Among  the  literary  people  who 
were  most  frequently  there,  were  Archbishop  Markham, 
Sir  William  Jones,  Dr.  Farmer,  Demosthenes  Taylor, 
and  Dr.  Parr.  By  these  distinguished  persons  Dr. 
Askew  was  considered  as  a  scholar  of  refined  taste, 
sound  knowledge,  and  indefatigable  research  into  every- 
thing connected  with  Grecian  and  Roman  learning.  In- 
deed, from  his  youth  upwards,  he  had  been  distinguished 
for  his  love  of  letters,  and  had  received  the  early  part 
of  his  education  under  Richard  Dawes  the  critic.  His 
father,  on  presenting  him  to  the  schoolmaster,  marked 


188  ROLL  OF   THE  [1753 

those  parts  of  his  back,  which  Dawes,  who  was  cele- 
brated for  his  unsparing  use  of  the  birch,  might  scourge 
at  his  pleasure,  excepting  only  his  head  from  this  disci- 
pline ;  and  Dr.  Askew  was  wont  to  relate  with  some 
humour  the  terror  with  which  he  surveyed  for  the  first 
time  this  redoubted  pedagogue.  As  a  collector  of  books 
Dr.  Askew  was  the  first  who  brought  bibliomania  into 
fashion  ;  and  no  one  exhibited  his  various  treasures 
better  than  himself.  The  eager  delight  with  which  he 
produced  his  rare  editions,  his  large  paper  copies,  his 
glistening  gems  and  covetable  tomes,  would  have  raised 
him  high  in  the  estimation  of  the  Roxburgh  club. 
Some,  indeed,  were  of  such  great  rarity,  that  he  would 
not  suffer  them  to  be  touched,  but  would  show  them  to 
his  visitors  through  the  glass  cases  of  the  cabinet  of 
his  library,  or,  standing  on  a  ladder,  would  himself  read 
aloud  different  portions  of  these  inestimable  volumes. 
As  no  one  had  enjoyed  greater  opportunities,  possessed 
more  sufficient  means  to  gratify  his  taste,  or  had  an 
acuter  discrimination,  the  Bibliotheca  Askeviana  was 
well-known  to  all  at  home  and  abroad  who  were  in  the 
least  eminent  for  bibliographical  research.  And  as  he 
had  expressed  a  wish  that  his  books  might  be  unre- 
servedly submitted  to  sale  after  his  decease,  the  public 
became  ultimately  benefited  by  his  pursuits,  and  many 
a  collection  was  afterwards  enriched  by  an  Exemplar 
Askevianum*  Dr.  Askew  died  at  Hampstead  28th 
February,  1774,  aged  fifty-two,  and  was  buried  there. 
On  a  tablet  near  the  organ  in  Hampstead  church  is  the 
following  inscription  :— 

Sacred  to  the  memory  of 

ANTHONY  ASKEW,  M.D.  F.R.S., 

who  exchanged  this  life  for  a  better, 

the  28th  day  of  February,  1774, 

in  the  fifty-second  year  of  his  age. 

Dr.  Askew  was  twice  married  :   1st,   to  Margaret, 
daughter  of  Cuthbert  Swinburn,  esq.,  of  Long  Witton, 

*  The  Gold-Headed  Cane.     2nd  ed.  Lend.  p.  161,  et  seq. 


1754]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        189 

and  the  Westgate  in  Northumberland,  but  had  no 
issue  by  her ;  2ndly,  to  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Robert 
Holford,  esq.,  a  master  in  chancery,  by  whom  he  had 
six  sons  and  six  daughters. 

The  doctor's  very  valuable  library  was  sold  by  Baker 
and  Leigh,  on  the  19th  February,  1775,  and  nineteen 
following  days.  The  MSS.  were  sold  separately  in 
1781,  and  produced  a  very  considerable  sum.  The 
Appendix  to  Scapula,  published  in  1789,  was  compiled 
from  one  of  these  MSS.  A  fine  portrait  of  Dr.  Askew  is 
at  Emmanuel  college,  Cambridge  ;  and  the  College  of 
Physicians  possess  a  very  curious  model  of  him  in  un- 
baked clay,  the  work  of  a  Chinese,  who  had  been  his 
patient ;  and  said  to  be  an  admirable  likeness.  This 
was  presented  to  the  College  by  lady  Pepys,  the  widow 
of  Sir  Lucas  Pepys,  bart,  M.D.,  and  a  daughter  of  Dr. 
Askew.  The  splendid  bust  of  Mead  by  Roubiliac,  now 
in  the  Censors'  room,  was  presented  by  Dr.  Askew  30th 
September,  1756.* 

RICHARD  JONES  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  2 1st  February,  1754.  He 
practised  at  Coventry,  and  died  there  23rd  January, 
1762. 

NATHAN  ALCOCK,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Runcorn,  in 
Cheshire,  in  1707,  and,  after  studying  his  profession  at 
Edinburgh  and  Leyden,  proceeded  doctor  of  medicine 
at  the  latter  university  in  1737  (D.M.I,  de  Peripneu- 
monia  Vera,  sive  de  Pulmonum  Inflammatione).  On 
the  22nd  October,  1741,  he  was  actually  created  master 
of  arts  at  Oxford  by  decree  of  Convocation.  He  pro- 

*  "  So  highly  pleased  was  Dr.  Askew  with  the  execution  of  this 
bust,  that,  though  he  had  previously  agreed  with  the  sculptor  for 
£50,  he  offered  him  £100  as  the  reward  of  his  successful  talent; 
when,  to  his  astonishment,  the  sordid  Frenchman  exclaimed  it  was 
not  enough,  and  actually  sent  in  a  bill  for  £108,  2s. !  The  demand, 
even  to  the  odd  shillings,  was  paid,  and  Dr.  Askew  inclosed  the  re- 
ceipt to  Hogarth,  to  produce  at  the  next  meeting  of  artists."  The 
Gold-Headed  Cane.  2nd  ed.  8vo.  Lond.  1827.  p.  159. 


1SK)  BOLL  OF  THE  [1754 

ceeded  bachelor  of  medicine,  as  a  member  of  Jesus 
college,  Oxford,  30th  June,  1744  ;  and  doctor  of  medi- 
cine 19th  June,  1749.  He  was  elected  a  fellow  of  the 
Royal  Society  25th  January,  1749-50.  He  was  ad- 
mitted a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  16th 
April,  1753  ;  and  a  Fellow  8th  April,  1754.  Dr.  Alcock 
practised  his  profession  for  some  years  at  Oxford,  and 
was  for  many  years  reader  on  anatomy  and  chemistry 
in  the  university.  He  eventually  removed  to  Run- 
corn,  where  he  died  the  8th  December,  1779.  He  was 
buried  in  the  parish  church,  and  close  to  the  chancel 
screen  is  a  marble  monument  thus  inscribed  : — 

Hie  situs  est 

N.  ALCOCK,  fil.  D.  A.  ex  bona  uxore  sua  M.  Breck ; 

in  Academ:  Oxon:  et  Lugdun:  Batav:  M.D.,  Coll:  Med 

Lond  et  B.S.  Socius,  necnon  apud  Oxonienses  in  Chymia 

et  Anatomia  per  multos  annos  celeberriinus  Preelector. 

Vitam  iniit  xxvii  Sept:  MDCCVII 

finivit  viii  Dec:  MDCCLXXIX. 

Fratres  superstites  M.  Alcock  et  Thomas  Alcock 

A.M.  hujus  ecclesiee  vicarius  hoc  marmor  posuerunt  in 

memoriam  doctissimi  et  dignissimi  vivi. 

PETER  SHAW,  M.D. — Of  this  eminent  physician  and 
voluminous  writer  but  few  records  remain.  He  is  said 
to  have  been  descended  from  an  old  county  family  in 
Berkshire,  and  was  the  son  of  Robert  Shaw,  A.M., 
master  of  the  Grammar  school  at  Lichfield,  who  died  in 
1704,  and  whose  memorial  is  in  St.  Mary's  church  in 
that  city.  Dr.  Peter  Shaw  presumably  was  born  at 
Lichfield  about  1694.  Of  his  education,  general  or 
medical,  I  fail  to  recover  any  particulars.  Many  of  the 
early  years  of  his  professional  life  were  probably  passed 
in  the  country,  and  some  of  them  certainly  at  Scar- 
borough. But  as  early  as  1726  he  was  already  in 
London,  apparently  without  any  degree,  and  practising 
physic,  without  the  licence  of  the  College.  *  Where  he 
was  residing  for  some  years  after  this,  is  not  known, 

*  "1726.  July  1.  Mr.  Shaw  appeared,  said  he  was  not  deter- 
mined to  stay  in  town,  nor  to  follow  the  practice  of  physic  here." 


1754]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        191 

but  he  was  "  usefully  employed  in  facilitating  the  study 
of  chemistry  in  England  by  his  excellent  translations  of 
the  chemical  works  of  Stahl  and  of  Boerhaave,  as  well 
as  by  his  own  writings  and  lectures  on  that  subject/'* 
On  the  25th  June,  1740,  being  then  a  doctor  of  medi- 
cine, but  of  what  university  is  not  stated,  he  was  ad- 
mitted a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians,  and 
about  that  time  must  have  settled  in  London,  where 
he  soon  attained  popularity  and  an  extensive  busi- 
ness. He  was  warmly  patronised  by  Sir  Edward  Hulse, 
bart.,  one  of  the  court  physicians  then  gradually  with- 
drawing himself  from  practice,  who,  writing  in  1748 
to  Dr.  Heberden,  said  that  Dr.  Shaw  had  even  then 
too  much  business,  and  more  than  he  could  possibly  do. 
In  1752  he  was  appointed  physician  extraordinary  to 
George  II,  and  the  same  year  was  created  doctor  of  me- 
dicine at  Cambridge,  by  royal  mandate.  After  coming 
again  before  the  Censors'  board  for  examination,  he  was 
admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  16th  April,  1753, 
and  a  Fellow  8th  April,  1754.  In  the  last  named  year 
he  was  appointed  physician  in  ordinary  to  the  king,  and 
he  was  the  usual  medical  attendant  upon  that  monarch 
in  his  journeys  to  Hanover.  He  was  nominated  to  the 
same  office  on  the  accession  of  George  III,  but  did  not 
long  survive,  dying  on  the  15th  March,  1763.  He  was 
buried  in  the  nave  of  Wimbledon  church,  where  there 
is  the  following  inscription  : — 

To  the  Memory  of 

PETER   SHAW,    M.D. 

Physician  in  Ordinary  to  their 

Majesties  George  the  2nd  and  George  the  3d 

who  died  March  15th,  1763. 

Aged  69  Years. 

Dr.  Shaw  had  married  Frances,  the  daughter  of 
John  Hyde,  esq.,  of  Quorndon,  co.  Leicester.  His 
daughter  Elizabeth,  by  this  marriage,  became  the  wife 

*  Thomson's  Life,  Lectures,  and  Writings  of  William  Cullen,  M.D. 
8vo.  Edinb.  1859.  Vol.  i,  p.  39. 


192  ROLL  OF  THE  [1754 

of  Dr.  Richard  Warren.  Dr.  Shaw's  portrait  is  in  the 
College.  It  was  presented  by  Mrs.  Pelham  Warren, 
19th  April,  1836. 

Dr.  Shaw,  who  is  now  but  little  known,  except  by 
his  editions  of  Bacon  and  Boyle,  was  one  of  the  most 
active,  industrious  and  favoured  physicians  of  his  time. 
He  wrote  largely,  and  in  some  instances  hastily,  as  he 
was  wont  in  his  later  years  to  confess,  and  as  is  admitted 
by  his  son-in-law  and  eulogist,  Dr.  Richard  Warren. 
His  character  and  services  to  literature  and  science  are 
so  feelingly  portrayed  by  Dr.  Warren,  in  his  Harveian. 
oration  for  1768,  that  I  give  the  passage  in  a  note.* 

*  Vir  erat,  si  quis  alius,  ad  societatem  plane  factus.  Quid  illo 
aut  fidelins  amico  ant  sodali  jucnndius  ?  Mira  in  sermone,  mira 
etiam  in  ore  ipso  vnltuqne  snavitas.  Ad  hoc,  ingenium  dnlce,  facile, 
emditnm,  semper  infra  aliorum  aestimationes  se  metiens,  nihil  sibi 
vindicans.  Laboriosnm  vitae  curriculum,  nt  vobis  vestrseque  arti 
quam  maxime  inserviret,  institnit  et  peregit.  Postquam  Baconi 
philosophiam  illustrasset,  et  auctiorem  reddidisset,  ad  artem  chemi- 
cam  excolendam  sese  accinxit.  Artem  satis  in  se  amplam  invenit, 
sed  caligine  involutam,  iisque  principiis  fere  innixam,  quae  vix  in- 
telligi,  nednm  explicari  potuerunt.  Hnic  arti  multum  lucis  attulit 
insignis  ille  philosophise  experimentalis  instaurator  Boyleus ;  qui 
tarn  en  non  tarn  nova  chemiae  extruxit  fundamenta,  quam  dejecit 
vetera :  lautam  satis  supellectilem  ab  eo,  rationes  vero  non  accepi- 
mus  ;  materiam  unde  erui  possit  vera  rerum  explicatio  uberem  satis 
reliquit,  explicationem  vero  non  attigit.  Hie  igitur,  cujus  desiderio 
omnes  tenemur,  farraginem  Boyleanam  apte,  distincte,  ordinate  dis- 
posuit,  ex  fumo  lucem  dedit,  ea  demum  chemiae  posuit  principia,  ut 
artem  vere  philosophicam  esse  jam  tandem  agnoscamus,  et  quod 
inter  scientias  jure  reponi  mereatur  lubentissime  illi  acceptam  refe- 
ramus.  Idem,  juvenis  admodum,  literarnm  et  medicinae  cultures 
totum  se  tradidit ;  quod  satis  testantur  multa  et  erndita  opera,  non- 
nulla  quidem  ab  aliis  scripta,  sed  ab  eo  edita  et  illustrata,  nonnulla 
proprio  marte  elaborata.  Fatendum  sane  est,  quod  quaedam  forsan 
prsepropero  et  prsecoci  ingenio,  generosi  tamen,  etsi  nondum  subacti 
saporis,  inter  prima  studiorum  rudimenta  effudit :  nee  pudet  hoc 
fateri,  cum  hujusmodi  scripta,  quae  aliorum  famse,  forsan  satis  essent, 
ipse  (nam  saepe  de  iis  pulchre  disputantem  audivi)  ipse  solitus  est 
minoris  facere.  "  More  scilicet  magnorum  virorum  et  magnarum 
rerum  fiduciam  habentium ;  nam  levia  ingenia,  quia  nihil  habent, 
nihil  sibi  detrahunt.  Magno  ingenio  multaque  nihilominus  habituro, 
convenit  etiam  simplex  veri  erroris  confessio  ;  praecipueque  in  eo 
ministerio,  quod  utilitatis  causa  posteris  traditur." — Oratio  ex  Har- 
veii  Institute  habita  MDCCLXVIII. 


1754]     KOYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        193 

Of  the  products  of  Dr.  Shaw's  prolific  pen  the  follow- 
ing is,  I  fear,  but  an  imperfect  list : — 

The  Dispensatory  of  the  Royal  College  of  Physicians,  London. 
8vo.  Lond.  1721. 

A  Treatise  of  Incurable  Diseases.  4to.  Lond.  1723. 

The  Philosophical  Works  of  the  Hon.  Robert  Boyle,  abridged, 
methodised,  and  disposed  under  the  general  heads  of  Physics, 
Statics,  Pneumatics,  Natural  History,  Chemistry,  and  Medicine. 
The  whole  illustrated  with  notes  containing  the  improvements 
made  in  the  several  parts  of  Natural  and  Experimental  knowledge. 
3  vols.  4to.  Lond.  1725. 

The  Dispensatory  of  the  Royal  College  of  Physicians  of  Edin- 
burgh. Translated  from  the  Latin.  8vo.  Lond.  1727. 

A  New  Method  of  Chemistry,  including  the  Theory  and  Prac- 
tice of  the  Art,  being  a  translation  of  Boerhaave's  "  Institutiones 
Chemise."  4to.  Lond.  1727. 

A  New  Practice  of  Physic,  wherein  the  various  Diseases  incident 
to  the  Human  Body  are  described,  their  Causes  assigned,  their 
Diagnostics  and  Prognostics  enumerated,  and  the  Regimen  proper 
to  each  delivered ;  with  a  competent  number  of  Medicines  for  every 
stage  and  symptom  thereof,  prescribed  after  the  manner  of  the 
most  eminent  physicians  among  the  moderns,  and  particularly 
those  of  London.  2  vols.  8vo.  Lond.  1726.  The  7th  edition  of 
which  appeared  in  1753. 

Philosophical  Principles  of  Universal  Chemistry,  from  the  Colle- 
gium Jenense  of  Gr.  E.  Stahl.  8vo.  Lond.  1730. 

Three  Essays  in  Artificial  Philosophy,  or  Universal  Chemistry. 
8vo.  Lond.  1731. 

The  Philosophical  Works  of  Francis  Bacon,  Baron  of  Verulam, 
&c.,  Methodised  and  made  English  from  the  Originals  ;  with  occa- 
sional notes  to  explain  what  is  obscure  and  show  how  far  the  seve- 
ral plans  of  the  author  for  the  advancement  of  all  the  parts  of 
knowledge  have  been  executed  to  the  present  time.  3  vols.  4to. 
Lond.  1733. 

Chemical  Lectures  read  in  London  in  1731  and  1732,  and  at 
Scarborough  in  1733,  for  the  Improvement  of  Arts,  Trades,  and 
Natural  Philosophy.  8vo.  Lond.  1734. 

An  Inquiry  into  the  Contents  and  Virtues  of  the  Scarborough 
Spa.  8vo.  Lond.  1734. 

Examination  of  the  Reasons  for  and  against  the  Subscription  for 
a  Medicament  for  the  Stone.  8vo.  Lond.  1738. 

Inquiries  on  the  Nature  of  Miss  Stephens's  Medicaments.  8vo. 
Lond.  1738. 

Essays  for  the  Improvement  of  Arts,  Manufactures,  and  Com- 
merce, by  means  of  Chemistry.  8vo.  Lond.  1761. 

Proposals  for  a  Course  of  Chemical  Experiments,  with  a  view 
to  Practical  Philosophy,  Arts,  Trade,  and  Business.  8vo.  Lond. 
1761. 

VOL.  II.  O 


194  ROLL   OF   THE  [1754 

New   Experiments  and   Observations  upon  Mineral  Waters,  by 
Dr.  F.  Hoffman,  extracted  from  his  Works,  with  Notes,  &c.  &c. 

THOMAS  WILBRAHAM,  M.D.,  was  at  first  of  Brase- 
nose  college,  Oxford,  as  a  member  of  which  he  gradu- 
ated A.B.  22nd  April,  1721  ;  but  shortly  afterwards, 
removing  to  All  Souls,  he  proceeded  B.C.L.  14th  June, 
1727  ;  and  D.C.L.  7th  July,  1732.  On  the  llth  No- 
vember, 1738,  he  obtained  from  the  university  a  licence 
to  practise  medicine  ;  on  the  25th  March,  1741-2,  was 
admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  ;  and,  removing 
to  London,  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians,  30th  September,  1751.  Dr.  Wilbraham 
was  created  doctor  of  medicine  at  Oxford,  by  diploma, 
12th  December,  1752  ;  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  16th  April,  1753  ;  and  a 
Fellow  8th  April,  1754.  He  was  Censor  in  1754, 1760, 
1765,  1769,  1773  ;  and  Treasurer  from  1754  to  1761  in- 
clusive. He  died  29th  March,  1782.  Dr.  Wilbraham 
was  physician  to  the  Westminster  hospital  from  1739 
to  1761. 

WILLIAM  SCHAW,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Scotland,  and 
educated  at  Edinburgh,  where  he  graduated  doctor  of 
medicine  27th  June,  1735  (D.M.I,  de  Morbis  ex  Animi 
Passionibus  orientibus).  He  was  admitted  a  Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  23rd  March,  1752  ; 
and  was  created  doctor  of  medicine  at  Cambridge,  by 
royal  mandate,  in  1753.  Dr.  Schaw  was  admitted  a 
Candidate  of  the  College  16th  April,  1753  ;  and  a  Fel- 
low 8th  April,  1754.  His  name  disappears  from  the 
College  list  in  1757.  He  was  the  author  of — 

A  Dissertation  on  Stone  in  the  Bladder.  4to.  Lond.  1739. 
A  Scheme  of  Lectures   on  the  Animal  (Economy.    4to.  Lond. 
1739. 

NICHOLAS  MUNCKLEY,  M.D.,  was  educated  in  part  at 
Leyden,  where,  on  the  25th  August,  1745,  being  then 
twenty-four  years  of  age,  he  was  entered  on  the  physic 
line.  He  was  created  doctor  of  medicine  at  Aberdeen 


1754]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  195 

10th  March,  1747.  On  the  2nd  July,  1748,  he  was 
elected  physician  to  Guy's  hospital ;  and  on  the  23rd 
March,  1752,  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College 
of  Physicians.  He  was  created  doctor  of  medicine  at 
Cambridge,  by  royal  mandate,  in  1753  ;  was  admitted  a 
Candidate  of  the  College  16th  April,  1753  ;  and  a  Fel- 
low 8th  April,  1754.  He  was  Gulstonian  Lecturer  in 
1756  ;  Censor,  1756,  1762,  1766,  1767  ;  and  died  20th 
February,  1770. 

MARK  AKENSIDE,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  Mark  Aken- 
side,  a  substantial  butcher  at  Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 
and  was  born  in  that  town  the  9th  November,  1721. 
He  had  the  earliest  part  of  his  education  at  the  gram- 
mar school  of  Newcastle ;  but  his  parents  were  dissen- 
ters and  they  soon  removed  him  from  that  school  and 
placed  him  at  an  academy  in  the  town  kept  by  Mr. 
Wilson,  a  dissenting  minister.  The  future  poet  and 
physician  was  destined  by  his  parents  for  the  ministry, 
and  with  this  in  view  he  was  sent  to  Edinburgh  in  1739  ; 
but  his  inclination  leading  him  to  the  study  of  medicine, 
he  returned  a  sum  of  money  he  had  received  from  the 
Dissenters'  Society,  and  in  his  nineteenth  year  com- 
menced attendance  on  the  medical  classes  at  Edinburgh. 
He  remained  at  Edinburgh  two  years,  and  applied  him- 
self with  great  diligence  to  the  study  of  physic.  On  the 
30th  December,  1740,  he  was  admitted  a  member  of  the 
Medical  Society  of  that  city ;  and  in  that  capacity  ac- 
quired much  reputation  by  his  readiness  and  facility  as 
a  speaker.  He  settled  in  his  native  town  as  a  surgeon, 
but  after  a  short  stay  there  proceeded  to  Leyden,  where 
he  took  the  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  16th  May,  1744 
(D.M.I,  de  Ortu  et  Incremento  Foetus  Humani.  4to.). 
There  he  made  the  acquaintance  of  Mr.  Dyson,  a  law 
student,  and  being  of  congenial  tempers,  a  friendship 
was  then  commenced  which  lasted  through  their  lives. 
Returning  to  England,  Dr.  Akenside,  in  June,  1744, 
settled  as  a  physician  at  Northampton ;  but  remained 
there  for  a  year  and  a  half  only,  the  medical  practice 

o  2 


196  ROLL   OF   THE  [1754 

and  emoluments  of  that  town  and  neighbourhood  being 
then  engrossed  by  Dr.  Stonehouse.  Akenside  then  came 
to  London,  under  the  patronage  of  Mr.  Dyson,  who  had 
then  been  called  to  the  bar,  and  was  possessed  of  a 
handsome  income,  with  a  portion  of  which  he  supported 
his  friend,  while  he  was  endeavouring  to  make  himself 
known  as  a  physician.  On  Mr.  Dyson's  becoming  clerk 
of  the  house  of  Commons,  he  purchased  a  house  at 
North  End,  Hampstead,  where  Akenside  dwelt  with 
him  during  the  summer  season.  Mr.  Dyson,  with  a 
generosity  rarely  witnessed,  having  assigned  to  Aken- 
side an  annual  income  of  three  hundred  pounds  to  enable 
him  to  make  his  way  in  the  metropolis,  he,  in  1747, 
removed  to  Bloomsbury-square,  and  became  a  candi- 
date for  town  practice.  He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate 
of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1751  ;  but  hav- 
ing, on  the  4th  January,  1753,  been  created  doctor  of 
medicine  at  Cambridge,  he  was  admitted  a  Candidate 
16th  April  following:  and  a  Fellow,  8th  April,  1754. 
He  was  Censor  in  1755  and  1760  ;  was  Gulstonian 
Lecturer  in  1755  ;  Croonian  Lecturer  in  1756  ;*  and 
Harveian  orator  in  1759.  In  1759  he  was  elected 
physician  to  St.  Thomas's  hospital,  and  assistant-phy- 
sician to  Christ's  hospital  ;  and  in  1761,  through  the 
interest  of  his  friend  Mr.  Dyson,  was  appointed  physi- 
cian in  ordinary  to  the  queen.  Dr.  Akenside  died  at 
his  house  in  Old  Burlington-street,  of  a  putrid  sore 
throat,  the  23rd  June,  1770,  in  the  forty-ninth  year  of 
his  age,  and  was  buried  at  St.  James's,  Piccadilly.  "  He 
was  much  devoted  to  the  study  of  ancient  literature, 
and  was  a  great  admirer  of  Plato,  Cicero,  and  the  best 
philosophers  of  antiquity.  His  knowledge  and  taste 
in  this  respect  are  conspicuous  in  his  poems  and  in  the 
notes  and  illustrations  which  he  annexed  to  them. 

*  "1755,  May  28,  29,  30.  Dr.  Mark  Akenside  read  the  Gulsto- 
nian Lecture."  Annals. 

"1756.  September  7,  8,  9.  Dr.  Akenside  read  the  Croonian 
Lecture."  Annals.  There  is  certainly,  therefore,  no  foundation 
for  the  oft-repeated  assertion  that  he  did  not  finish  this  course  of 
lectures. 


1754]     ROYAL  COLLEGE  OP  PHYSICIANS.        197 

That  he  had  a  sincere  reverence  for  the  great  and  fun- 
damental principles  of  religion  is  apparent  from  several 
passages  in  his  writings,  and  he  was  warmly  attached 
to  the  cause  of  civil  and  religious  liberty/'  Dr.  Aken- 
side  was  never  married,  and  left  all  his  effects  to  his 
warm  and  constant  friend  Mr.  Dyson.  The  life  of  Aken- 
side  has  been  so  often  written,  and  is  of  such  easy  ac- 
cess, that  I  have  confined  myself  to  a  record  of  his  pro- 
fessional career.  Dr.  Akenside  is  the  author  of  the 
preface  to  the  College  edition  of  Harvey's  works  in 
quarto,  published  in  1766,*  and  he  it  was  who  saw  the 
work  through  the  press.  His  medical  publications  were 
the  following  : — 

Oratio  Harveiana.  4to.  Lond.  1760. 

De  Dysenteria  Commentarius.  8vo.  Lond.  1764. 

THOMAS  WHARTON,  M.D.,  was  the  eldest  son  of  Mr. 
Robert  Wharton,  alderman  and  sometime  mayor  of 
Durham,  by  his  wife  Mary,  daughter  of  Richard  Mid- 
dleton,  of  Offerton,  esq.  He  was  educated  at  Pem- 
broke college,  Cambridge,  of  which  house  he  was  a  fel- 
low. He  proceeded  A.B.  1737  ;  A.M.  1741  ;  M.D. 
1752  ;  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Phy- 
sicians 3 Oth  September,  1752  ;  and  a  Fellow  25th  June, 
1754.  He  practised  in  London  fora  few  years  only  ; 
was  Censor  in  1757  ;  and  in  1759  removed  to  Old  Park, 
Durham,  the  family  estate  ;  and  dying  there,  was  buried 
at  Whit  worth,  in  the  county  palatine,  22nd  December, 
1794,  aged  seventy-seven. 

CHARLES  MILNER,  M.D..  was  of  Christ's  college, 
Cambridge,  as  a  member  of  which  he  proceeded  A.B. 
1720.  On  the  8th  September,  1721,  he  was  entered 
on  the  physic  line  at  Leyden.  Returning  to  Cambridge 
he  proceeded  A.M.  1725  ;  and  M.D.  1734.  He  was 
admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th 
June,  1753  ;  and  a  Fellow  25th  June,  1754.  In  that, 

*  Annals,  3rd  March,  17t>6. 


198  ROLL   OF   THE  [1755 

year  he  settled  at  Aylesford  hall,  near  Maidstone ;  and 
died  there  in  1771  or  1772. 

ANDREW  DIDIER,  M.D.,  was  a  doctor  of  medicine 
of  Aberdeen,  10th  December,  1753.  He  was  admitted 
a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  23rd  Decem- 
ber, 1754  ;  and  was  elected  physician  to  the  Middlesex 
hospital  2nd  January,  1755.  His  health,  however,  at 
once  gave  way.  In  May  he  went  to  Bristol  to  drink 
the  waters  ;  and  he  died  in  July,  1756. 

HENRY  HINCKLEY,  M.D.,  was  educated  at  Magdalen 
college,  Cambridge,  as  a  member  of  which  he  took  the 
degree  of  A.B.  in  1749  ;  when,  removing  to  King's  col- 
lege, he  proceeded  M.D.  in  1754.  He  was  admitted  a 
Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  23rd  December, 
1754 ;  and  a  Fellow,  22nd  December,  1755  ;  was  Cen- 
sor in  1758,  1762,  1770,  1774,  1777;  and  Treasurer 
from  1762  to  his  death  on  the  1st  November,  1779. 
Dr.  Hinckley  was  elected  physician  to  the  Middlesex 
hospital  23rd  January,  1752.  He  was  appointed  phy- 
sician to  Guy's  hospital  26th  June,  1756;  and  a  few 
days  after  resigned  his  office  at  the  Middlesex,  in  which 
he  was  succeeded  by  Dr.  Richard  Warren. 

HENRY  MYDDELTON,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine  of 
St.  Andrew's  of  1st  April,  1755  ;  was  admitted  a  Li- 
centiate of  the  College  12th  April,  1756, 

ANTONY  ADDINGTON,  M.D.,  was  the  youngest  son  of 
Henry  Addington,  gent.,  of  Fringford,  in  Oxfordshire, 
and  received  his  preliminary  education  at  Winchester, 
whence  he  was  elected  to  Trinity  college,  Oxford,  as  a 
member  of  which  he  proceeded  A.B.  14th  July,  1739  ; 
A.M.  13th  May,  1740;  M.B.  6th  February,  1741 ;  M.D. 
24th  January,  1744.  His  bodily  powers,  which  had 
never  been  very  robust,  gave  way  somewhat  suddenly 
about  the  year  1740,  and  serious  apprehensions  were 
entertained  by  his  friends  as  to  the  result.  He  was  ad- 
vised to  return  to  the  country,  where,  by  close  care  of 


1756]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        199 

himself,  continued  uninterruptedly  for  several  years,  he 
at  length  recovered  sufficiently  to  enter  on  the  practice 
of  his  profession  at  Reading.  He  is  known  to  have  ob- 
tained a  good  practical  knowledge  of  the  treatment  of 
insanity,  and  he  is  supposed  to  have  been  connected, 
whilst  at  Heading,  with  a  private  asylum,  in  the  capa- 
city of  physician,  proprietor,  or  both.  In  1754  he  re- 
moved to  London,  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  24th  March,  1755  ;  and  a  Fellow, 
25th  June,  1756.  He  delivered  the  Gulstonian  lectures 
in  1757,  and  was  Censor  the  same  year.  Dr.  Addington 
practised  with  distinguished  reputation  in  London  for  a 
period  of  more  than  twenty  years.  He  was  the  confi- 
dential friend  and  physician  of  the  great  lord  Chatham, 
and  a  friendship  grew  up  between  their  respective  fami- 
lies which  produced  the  happiest  effects  to  both.  The 
doctor  was  an  ardent  politician,  and  was  prominently 
engaged  in  some  political  negotiations  which  created 
much  noise  in  their  day,  lengthened  particulars  of  which 
may  be  seen  in  Dodsley's  Annual  Register.  About  the 
year  1780  he  withdrew  from  practice,  having  realised  by 
his  profession  sufficient  for  the  purchase  of  the  valuable 
reversionary  estate  of  Upottery  in  Devonshire,  which 
is  still  possessed  by  his  family.  During  his  latter  years 
he  resided  again  in  Reading,  where,  on  the  26th  No- 
vember, 1788,  he  received  bis  royal  highness  the  prince 
of  Wales'  commands  "  to  proceed  immediately  to  Wind- 
sor to  consult  with  his  majesty's  physicians  on  the  cure 
of  his  majesty."  Dr.  Addington  remained  at  Windsor 
four  days,  visiting  the  king  twice  each  day.  He  was 
afterwards  examined,  in  conjunction  with  the  king's 
physicians — Sir  George  Baker,  Sir  Lucas  Pepys,  Drs. 
Warren,  Gisborne,  Reynolds,  and  Willis — first  on  the 
.3rd  December  by  the  privy  council,  and  again  on  the 
9th  by  the  parliamentary  committee.  On  both  occa- 
sions he  expressed  a  very  strong  expectation  of  his 
majesty's  recovery,  founded  on  the  circumstance  "  that 
this  illness  had  not  for  its  forerunner  that  melancholy 
which  usually  precedes  a  serious  attack  of  this  nature." 


200  ROLL   OF   THE  [1756 

The  king's  temporary  recovery,  shortly  afterwards, 
evinced  the  correctness  of  his  prognosis.  Dr.  Adding- 
ton  died  at  Reading  on  the  22rid  March,  1790,*  and 
was  buried  in  Tringford  church,  where  a  marble  tablet, 
with  the  following  simple  inscription,  denotes  the  place 

of  his  repose  : — 

Near  this  place  are  interred  the  remains  of 
ANTONY  ADDINGTON,  M.D., 


*  Addingtonus  noster,  loco  natus  honesto,  ab  ingenio  literis  a 
puero  optime  fuerat  instructus.  A  Wiccamicis  in  Sacro-Sanctse 
Trinitatis  Oxonii  Collegium  translates ;  ubi  studiis  operam  tarn 
felici  successu  navavifc  ut  primam  lauream  mature  adeptus  est. 
Adversa  autem  valetudine  nimium  festinanter  ab  Oxonio,  et  in  rus, 
nt  natalis  soli  et  aeris  frueretur  oblectamentis,  recipere  se  coactus : 
ibi,  victus  regimine  attente  servato,  annis  pins  minus  quam  decem 
in  hunc  modum  exactis,  convaluit.  Sed  dum  rusticus  fait,  ne 
animi  facultates  in  otio  torpescerent,  libros  fere  omnes  de  anatomia, 
de  physiologia,  et  de  chemia  ;  multos  etiam  in  re  medica  Gragcorum 
scriptores,  animo  in  ea  studia  intentiore,  perlegit ;  praecipue  autem, 
et  prae  aliis,  Boerhaavii  opera  evolvebat ;  cujus  semper  scholee  se 
amatorem  professus  est.  Quare  tandem  in  sanitatem  restitutus, 
ut  prselectiones  omnes,  vitse  institute  quam  maxime  consentaneas, 
exaudire  potuerit,  in  Oxonium  denuo  et  mox  Londinum  sese  con- 
tulit :  deinde  titulo  doctoris  medicines  apud  Oxonienses  suos  ador- 
natus,  sede  et  domicilio  Readings  constitutis,  ad  medendi  scientiam 
in  praxin  reducendam  eadern  industria,  eodem,  quo  antea  in  acqui- 
rendo,  labore  indefesso  incubuit ;  uxorem,  benignam  sociam,  sibi 
adjunxit,  e  qua  paterfamilias  factus  f uit ;  et  e  filiis  ejus,  natu  maxi- 
mus  comitiorum  in  senatu  fait  Rogator  illustris,  et  in  hunc  excelsum 
honorem  ob  doctrinam  summam  cathedras  illi  sublimiori  maxime 
idoneam,  et  ob  eloquentiam  dilucidam  publics,  voce  vocatus.  Post 
aliquot  annos  Addingtonus  noster,  sedibus  in  Londinum  translatis, 
eadem  diligentia  simul  atque  ingenio  in  urbe  ut  olim  in  rure  mag- 
nam  sibi  famam  consecutus  est.  Quanto  honore  omnes  medendi 
rationes  exercuit  exquisitas,  quam  singulari  unumquemque  asgrotum 
assiduitate  observavit,  base  omnia  vobis  omnibus  inclaruerunt,  et  me 
dicere  vetant  hujusce  orationis  limites. 

Fama  indies  digniore  amplificatus,  per  viginti  et  plures  annos 
Londini  artem  nostram  exercuit ;  Spartam  nactus  est,  et  earn  strenue 
exornavit ;  annos  jam  pene  septuaginta  natus,  et  in  senectutem  ver- 
gens,  Readingam  denuo  rediit,  ubi  prorsus  medicinae  usus  deposue- 
rat,  paucorum  nisi  infelicium  et  miserorum  gratia,  quos  rure  apud 
se  humanius  receperat,  et  quibus  auxilium  et  operam  usque  ad  octo- 
gesimum  et  ultimum  jam  vitas  annum  benigne  largitus  est ;  et  subito 
eublatus  fuit. — Oratio  Harveiana,  anno  MDCCXC.  habita,  autore 
Joanne  Ash. 


1756]  ROYAL  COLLEGE   OF    PHYSICIANS.  201 

who  died  March  22nd,  1790,  aged  76  years  ; 

and  of  MART  his  wife, 
who  died  November  the  7th,  1778. 

Dr.  Addington  had  survived  to  witness  his  eldest 
son's  elevation  to  the  chair  of  the  house  of  Commons, 
and,  yet  more,  the  handsome  manner  in  which  the 
House  voted  in  his  behalf,  and  for  the  first  time,  a 
fixed  annual  salary  in  place  of  the  fluctuating  and 
objectionable  manner,  partly  by  fees,  and  partly  from 
sinecures  conferred  by  the  Crown,  in  which  the  speakers 
had  hitherto  been  remunerated.  Dr.  Addington's  bust 
is  in  the  College  library.  It  was  taken  after  death,  by 
command  of  his  distinguished  son,  lord  Sidmouth,  "to 
preserve  in  marble  those  features  which  for  so  many 
years  he  was  accustomed  to  regard  with  delight  and 
reverence,"  and  was  presented  to  the  College  by  lord 
Chatham  in  1827.  Dr.  Addington  was  the  author  of 
two  pamphlets,  viz.  : — 

An  Essay  on  the  Scurvy,  with  the  Method  of  Preserving  Water 
Sweet  at  Sea.  8vo.  Lond.  1753. 

An  Authentic  Account  of  the  Part  taken  by  the  late  Earl  of 
Chatham  in  a  Transaction  which  passed  in  the  beginning  of  the 
Year  1778,  concerning  a  Negotiation  between  Lord  Camden  and 
Lord  Bute. 

RICHARD  BROCKLESBY,  M.D.,  was  the  only  son  of 
Richard  Brocklesby,  esq.,  of  Cork,  by  his  wife  Mary 
Alloway,  of  Minehead,  co.  Somerset,  where,  at  the  re- 
sidence of  his  maternal  grandfather,  he  was  born  on  the 
llth  August,  1722.  He  received  his  preliminary  edu- 
cation at  Ballytore,  in  the  north  of  Ireland,  at  the  same 
school  in  which  Edmund  Burke  was  subsequently  edu- 
cated. He  commenced  the  study  of  medicine  at  Edin- 
burgh, and  on  the  3rd  March,  1742,  was  admitted  a 
member  of  the  Medical  Society  there.  He  was  entered 
on  the  physic  line  at  Ley  den  22nd  November,  1743, 
attended  the  lectures  of  Albinus,  Gaubius,  Oosterdijk 
Schacht,  and  Van  Royen,  and  proceeded  doctor  of  me- 
dicine there  28th  June,  1745  (D.M.I.  de  Saliva  Sana 


202  ROLL   OF   THE  [1756 

et  Morbos&.  4to.).  Soon  after  this  Dr.  Brocklesby 
settled  in  London,  and  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  1st  April,  1751.  On  the 
28th  September,  1754,  he  was  created  doctor  of  medi- 
cine by  the  university  of  Dublin  ;  and  having,  in  De- 
cember of  the  same  year,  been  incorporated  at  Cam- 
bridge on  that  degree,  he  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1755  ;  and  a  Fel- 
low, 25th  June,  1756.  He  was  Gulstonian  lecturer  in 
1758;  Censor,  1758,  1763,  1765;  Harveian  orator  in 
1760;  Croonian  lecturer  in  1763;  and  finally  was 
named  an  Elect  in  1778  in  place  of  Dr.  James  Hawley, 
deceased.  On  the  1st  October,  1787,  Dr.  Brocklesby 
presented  to  the  College  an  elegant  copy  of  Graevius 
and  Gronovius's  Thesaurus  Antiquitatum  Romanarum  et 
Grsecarum,in  25  volumes  folio,  being  the  best  edition  ;  for 
which  he  received  the  unanimous  thanks  of  the  College. 

In  1758,  on  the  recommendation  of  Dr.  Peter  Shaw, 
and  through  the  patronage  of  lord  Barrington,  Dr. 
Brocklesby  was  appointed  physician  to  the  army,  and 
in  this  capacity  served  for  some  time  in  Germany 
during  the  seven  years'  war.  He  distinguished  himself 
there  by  his  knowledge,  zeal,  and  humanity,  and  at- 
tracted to  himself  the  notice  of  the  duke  of  Eichmond, 
lord  Pembroke,  and  others.  Jn  October,  1760,  he  was 
appointed  physician  to  the  hospitals  for.  the  British 
forces,  and  once  more  proceeded  to  the  seat  of  war  ;  but, 
finally,  returned  to  England  some  time  before  the  peace 
of  1763.  He  then  settled  in  Norfolk-street,  Strand, 
where  he  died  somewhat  suddenly  on  the  llth  Decem- 
ber, 1797,  aged  seventy -five.  At  dinner  he  appeared  to 
be  in  his  usual  health  and  spirits,  but  he  expired  sud- 
denly a  few  minutes  after  retiring  to  bed.  He  was 
buried  at  St.  Clement  Danes. 

Dr.  Brocklesby  bad  early  attained  a  considerable  rank 
in  his  profession,  and  from  the  time  he  settled  in  Nor- 
folk-street, had  lived  on  terms  of  intimacy  and  friend- 
ship with  the  most  distinguished  men  of  his  day,  to 
whom  he  was  recommended  by  his  medical  skill,  his  be- 


1756]  ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.  203 

nevolence,  and  his  literary  attainments.  Dr.  Brocklesby 
was  the  physician  and  friend  of  Johnson,  of  Wilkes, 
and  of  Edmund  Burke,  and  was  generally  esteemed  for 
his  acquirements,  conversational  and  social  qualities. 
His  income  from  private  and  professional  sources  was 
more  than  adequate  to  his  wants,  and  his  table  was  fre- 
quently filled  with  persons  the  most  distinguished  for 
rank,  learning,  and  abilities,  in  the  kingdom.  His 
generous  offer  to  Dr.  Johnson  of  an  annuity  to  enable  him 
to  resort  to  a  milder  climate  ;  and  also  of  apartments  in 
his  own  house  in  Norfolk-street  when  Johnson's  confined 
dwelling  in  Bolt-court  was  considered  injurious  to  his 
health,  is  well  known  ;  as  is  also  the  circumstance  that, 
having  bequeathed  in  his  will  a  legacy  of  £1,000  to 
Edmund  Burke,  he  gave  it  to  him  in  his  life -time,  be- 
fore the  grant  of  an  ample  pension  had  made  such  a 
gift  no  longer  necessary  for  his  comfort.  And  it  was 
Dr.  Brocklesby  who  suggested  and  aided  by  Sir  Samp- 
son Gideon  raised  a  subscription  for  the  support  of  cap- 
tain Coram,  the  founder  of  the  Foundling  hospital,  who 
had  impoverished  himself  and  exhausted  his  means  on 
that  noble  institution.*  Dr.  Brocklesby  bequeathed 
his  Irish  estates,  which  were  considerable,  to  his  ne- 
phew, Mr.  Beeby  ;  and  to  another  nephew,  the  very 
celebrated  Dr.  Thomas  Young,  his  house  and  furniture  in 
Norfolk-street,  his  library,  his  prints,  a  choice  collection 
of  pictures,  chiefly  selected  by  his  friend,  Sir  Joshua 
Reynolds,  and  about  £10,000  in  money  ;  other  legacies 
were  made  to  his  servants  and  to  other  members  of  his 
family.  Dr.  Brocklesby's  portrait,  by  Copley,  was  en- 
graved by  Ridley.  He  contributed  some  papers  to  the 
Philosophical  Transactions,  and  to  the  "  Medical  Obser- 
vations and  Inquiries,"  and  was  the  author  of — 

*  On  Dr.  Brocklesby's  applying  to  Captain  Coram  to  know 
whether  his  setting  on  foot  a  subscription  for  his  benefit  would  not 
offend  him,  he  received  this  noble  answer :  "  I  have  not  wasted  the 
little  wealth  of  which  I  was  formerly  possessed  in  self -indulgence  or 
vain  expenses,  and  am  not  ashamed  to  confess  that  in  my  old  age  I 
am  poor."  Biographia  Britannica,  Art.  Coram. 


204  ROLL   OF   THE  [1756 

An  Essay  concerning  the  Mortality  among  Horned  Cattle.  8vo. 
Lond.  1746. 

Economical  and  Medical  Observations  from  1758  to  1763,  tending 
to  the  Improvement  of  Military  Hospitals.  8vo.  Lond.  1764. 

A  Dissertation  on  the  Music  of  the  Ancients. 

WILLIAM  WATTS,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  John  Watts, 
junr.,  of  Danett's  hall,  co.  Leicester,  a  barrister,  who  sank 
a  considerable  fortune  in  the  South  Sea  scheme,  and  died 
in  1728,  aged  thirty- two,  by  his  wife  Elizabeth,  daugh- 
ter of  Nicholas  Mosley,  esq.  As  a  doctor  of  medicine,  of 
King's  college,  Aberdeen,  of  22nd  March,  1753,  he  was 
admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Phy- 
sicians 8th  September,  1756.  He  practised  in  Leices- 
tershire, his  native  county,  and  was  a  man  of  philan- 
thropic aims  and  persuasive  eloquence.  By  his  periodical 
addresses  to  the  affluent  he  laid  the  foundation  of 
the  Leicester  infirmary.  When  Dr.  Vaughan,  in  1771, 
received  the  thanks  of  the  first  general  meeting  of  the 
subscribers  for  his  great  care  in  compiling  and  digesting 
the  rules  and  orders  for  the  government  of  the  infirm- 
ary, Dr.  Watts  also  received  the  thanks  of  the  meeting 
in  language  of  the  highest  commendation  as  being  the 
first  public  projector  of  that  charity.  Dr.  Watts  died 
17th  December,  1786,  aged  sixty-one,  and  is  commemo- 
rated on  a  mural  tablet  in  the  chancel  of  Medbourne 
church,  co.  Leicester,  which  bears  the  following  inscrip- 
tion : — 

In  memory  of 

WILLIAM  WATTS,  M.D., 

who  resided  some  years  in  this  place, 

where  his  charitable  attention  to  the  sick  and  needy 

claims  the  tribute  of  a  grateful  remembrance. 

In  friendship  few  exceed  him ; 

in  benevolence  none ; 

his  name  will  be  ever  respected  for  the  great  exertions 
he  used  to  establish  an  infirmary  at  Leicester, 

which  he  saw  happily  accomplished, 
received  the  warmest  acknowledgments, 

and  was  voted  a  perpetual  governor. 
He  died  December  17th,  1786,  aged  sixty-one  years. 

JOHN  CLERKE,  M.D.,  was  educated  at  Peterhouse, 


1756]      EOYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        205 

Cambridge,  of  which  he  was  a  fellow.  He  proceeded 
A.B.  1738  ;  A.M.  1742  ;  M.D.  1753  ;  was  admitted  a 
Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  Septem- 
ber, 1755  ;  arid  a  Fellow  30th  September,  1756.  He 
was  Censor  in  1758.  Dr.  Clerke  settled  at  Epsom  in 
1763,  and  died  about  the  year  1791,  in  which  year  his 
name  disappears  from  the  college  list. 

WILLIAM  HUNTER,  M.D.,  was  born  on  the  23rd 
May,  1718,  at  Kilbride,  in  Lanarkshire.  He  was  the 
son  of  John  Hunter,  the  owner  of  a  small  estate  called 
Long  Calderwood,  a  man  of  excellent  understand- 
ing and  of  great  integrity,  but  of  an  anxious  temper, 
by  his  wife  Agnes  (Paul),  a  woman  of  great  worth,  of 
a  handsome  person  and  considerable  talents.  When 
fourteen  years  of  age  he  was  sent  to  the  university  of 
Glasgow,  where  he  passed  five  years,  and  by  his  be- 
haviour and  diligence  acquired  the  esteem  of  his  pro- 
fessors, and  the  reputation  of  a  good  scholar.  At  this 
period  he  was  intended  for  the  church  ;  but  some  con- 
scientious objections  respecting  subscription  arose  in 
his  mind,  and  while  in  doubt  and  uncertainty  he  met 
with  Dr.  Cullen,  who  was  then  in  practice  at  Hamilton. 
Cullen's  conversation  soon  determined  him  to  lay  aside 
all  thoughts  of  the  church,  and  devote  himself  to  the 
profession  of  physic.  His  father's  consent  having  been 
obtained,  Mr.  Hunter,  in  1737,  went  to  reside  with 
Dr.  Cullen,  and  remained  there  for  nearly  three  years, 
a  period  to  which  in  after  life  he  was  accustomed  to 
look  back  with  the  utmost  pleasure,  and  which  he  re- 
garded as  the  happiest  of  his  life.  It  was  then  agreed 
that  he  should  go  and  prosecute  his  medical  studies  at 
Edinburgh  and  London,  and  afterwards  settle  at 
Hamilton  in  partnership  with  Dr.  Cullen.  He  passed 
the  winter  session  of  1740-1  at  Edinburgh,  and  in  the 
summer  of  1741  arrived  in  London  and  took  up  his 
residence  with  Mr.  afterwards  Dr.  Smellie,  at  that 
time  an  apothecary  in  Pall-mall.  He  had  brought 
with  him  from  Scotland  a  letter  of  recommendation  to 


206  ROLL   OF   THE  [1756 

Dr.  James  Douglas,  the  well-known  anatomist  and 
obstetric  physician,  who  was  then  engaged  upon  a  work 
on  the  bones,  and  was  in  search  of  a  young  man  of 
ability  and  industry  whom  he  might  employ  as  a  dis- 
sector. This  circumstance  fixed  his  attention  on  Hunter, 
and  finally  induced  him  to  invite  him  into  his  family,  for 
the  double  purpose  of  assisting  in  dissections  and  super- 
intending the  education  of  his  son.  Mr.  Hunter,  having 
accepted  Dr.  Douglas's  offer,  was  by  his  friendly 
assistance  entered  as  a  surgeon's  pupil  of  St.  George's 
hospital,  and  as  a  dissecting  pupil  of  Dr.  Frank 
Nicholls,  who  was  then  teaching  anatomy  with  great 
reputation.  He  also  attended  a  course  of  lectures  by 
Dr.  Desaguliers,  on  experimental  philosophy.  Hunter 
soon  became  expert  in  dissection,  and  Dr.  Douglas  was 
at  the  expense  of  having  some  of  his  preparations  en- 
graved. But  before  many  months  had  elapsed  he  had 
the  misfortune  to  lose  his  friend  and  patron,  who  died  in 
April,  1 742,  leaving  a  widow  and  two  children.  The  death 
of  Dr.  Douglas  made  no  change,  however,  in  Hunter's 
situation,  for  he  continued  to  reside  with  the  doctor's 
family,  and  to  pursue  his  studies  with  the  same  dili- 
gence as  before.  To  teach  anatomy  was  now  the  object 
of  his  ambition,  and  in  1746  an  opportunity  of  doing 
so  occurred  which  he  at  once  embraced.  A  society  of 
naval  surgeons  had  an  apartment  in  Covent-garden, 
where  they  engaged  Mr.  Sharpe  to  deliver  a  course  of 
lectures  on  the  operations  of  surgery.  Mr.  Sharpe  con- 
tinued to  repeat  this  course,  until,  finding  that  it  in- 
terfered too  much  with  his  other  engagements,  he  de- 
clined it  in  favour  of  Hunter,  who  gave  the  society  so 
much  satisfaction  that  they  requested  him  to  extend 
his  plan  to  anatomy,  and,  as  an  encouragement  to  do 
so,  allowed  him  the  use  of  their  room  for  that  purpose. 
In  this  new  department  he  gave  equal  satisfaction  to 
his  hearers,  and  thenceforward  continued  his  lectures 
with  steadily  increasing  reputation  for  a  long  series  of 
years.  In  1747  Mr.  Hunter  was  admitted  a  member 
of  the  Corporation  of  Surgeons,  and  in  the  spring 


1756]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        207 

of  the  following  year  accompanied  his  pupil,  James 
Douglas,  on  a  tour  through  Holland  to  Paris.  At  Ley- 
den  he  visited  Albinus,  whose  admirable  injections  in- 
spired him  with  a  strong  desire  to  excel  in  that  de- 
partment of  anatomy.  In  the  early  part  of  his  career, 
Hunter  practised  both  surgery  and  midwifery,  but  he 
always  entertained  an  aversion  to  the  former,  and 
gradually  confined  himself  to  the  latter  line  of  practice, 
for  which  he  was  singularly  calculated  by  the  delicacy 
of  his  manners  and  a  very  quick  perception  of  the 
caprices  of  the  world.  Dr.  Douglas  had  acquired  a 
high  reputation  in  this  branch,  and  Hunter's  connec- 
tion with  him  not  unnaturally  led  him  into  the  same 
line  of  practice.  He  was  appointed  one  of  the  surgeons- 
accoucheur  to  the  Middlesex  hospital  in  1748,  and  to 
the  British  Lying-in  hospital  in  1749.  Some  favourable 
circumstances  conspired  also  to  advance  his  prospects. 
Dr.  Smellie,  although  a  man  of  merit,  was  unpleasing 
in  his  exterior  and  manners,  and  was  unable  to  make 
way  amongst  the  refined  and  fastidious.  The  abilities 
of  Hunter  at  least  equalled  those  of  Smellie,  and  his 
person  and  deportment  gave  him  a  decided  advantage. 
Sir  Richard  Manningham,  one  of  the  most  eminent 
accoucheurs  of  the  time,  died  about  this  period,  and 
Dr.  Sandys,  who  divided  with  him  the  fashion  of  the 
day,  retired  into  the  country  a  few  years  after  the 
commencement  of  Hunter's  reputation.  On  the  24th 
October,  1750,  Hunter  obtained  the  degree  of  doctor 
of  medicine  from  the  university  of  Glasgow,  and  about 
that  time  quitting  the  house  of  Mrs.  Douglas,  settled 
in  Jermyn-street,  when  he  entirely  relinquished  his 
practice  as  a  surgeon,  and  began  his  career  as  a  physi- 
cian. He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  30th  September,  1756. 

In  1762  Dr.  Hunter  was  consulted  by  queen  Char- 
lotte, and  two  years  afterwards  was  appointed  physi- 
cian extraordinary  to  her  Majesty.  By  this  time  his 
engagements  had  become  so  numerous  that  he  was 
compelled  to  seek  an  assistant  in  his  lectures,  and 


208  ROLL   OF   THE  [1756 

Mr.  Hewson,  then  one  of  his  pupils,  was  engaged,  first  as 
assistant  and  subsequently  was  admitted  as  a  partner 
in  the  lectures.  This  connection  subsisted  until  1770, 
when  a  separation  was  occasioned  by  some  disputes, 
and  Mr.  Cruikshank  succeeded  to  the  office.  In  1767 
Dr.  Hunter  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society, 
and  in  the  following  year  a  fellow  of  the  Society  of 
Antiquaries.  In  1768  he  was  appointed  by  George 
the  Third  professor  of  anatomy  to  the  Royal  Academy, 
an  office  on  which  he  conferred  celebrity  by  the  zeal  and 
ability  with  which  he  discharged  its  difficult  and  oner- 
ous duties.  On  the  death  of  Dr.  Fothergill,  Dr.  Hun- 
ter was  unanimously  elected  president  of  the  Medical 
Society  of  London,  and  in  1780  the  Royal  Medical 
Society  of  Paris  created  him  one  of  its  foreign  asso- 
ciates. He  soon  afterwards  obtained  a  similar  distinc- 
tion from  the  Royal  Academy  of  Sciences  of  that  city. 

About  ten  years  before  Dr.  Hunter's  end,  his  health 
was  so  much  impaired  that,  fearing  he  might  soon  become 
unfit  for  the  profession  which  he  loved,  he  proposed  to  re- 
cruit himself  by  a  residence  in  Scotland,  and  was  on  the 
point  of  purchasing  a  considerable  estate  when  the  pro- 
ject was  frustrated  by  a  defect  in  the  title-deeds.  This 
trifle  banished  his  rural  plans,  and  he  remained  in  Lon- 
don continually  declining  in  health,  but  pursuing  dis- 
tinction with  the  same  ardour  with  which  he  had 
courted  it  in  his  earlier  days.  He  rose  from  a  bed  of 
sickness  to  deliver  an  introductory  lecture  to  a  course 
on  the  operations  of  surgery,  in  opposition  to  the  earnest 
remonstrances  of  his  friends.  The  lecture  was  accord- 
ingly delivered,  but  it  was  his  last ;  towards  the  con- 
clusion his  strength  was  so  much  exhausted  that  he 
fainted  away,  and  was  finally  replaced  in  the  chamber 
which  he  had  been  so  eager  to  quit.  In  a  few  days  he 
was  no  more.  Turning  to  his  friend  Dr.  Combe  in  his 
latter  moments,  he  observed,  "  If  I  had  strength  enough 
to  hold  a  pen,  I  would  write  how  easy  and  pleasant  a 
thing  it  is  to  die."  He  expired  on  the  30th  March, 
1783,  and  was  buried  in  the  rector's  vault  of  St.  James's, 


1756]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        209 

Piccadilly.     A  mural   monument  on  the  south   of  the 
church  is  thus  inscribed  : — • 

Sacred 

to  the  Memory  of 
William  Hunter,  M.D.,  F.R.S., 
celebrated  as  a  physician 

and  physiologist. 

Born  at  Kilbride  in  Lanarkshire,  May  23rd,  1718. 
Died  in  London  March  30th,  1783. 

When  Dr.  Hunter  began  to  practise  obstetrics  his 
ambition  was  fixed  on  the  acquisition  of  a  fortune  suffi- 
cient to  place  him  in  easy  and  independent  circum- 
stances. Before  many  years  had  elapsed,  he  found  him- 
self in  possession  of  a  sum  adequate  to  his  wishes  in 
this  respect,  and  this  he  set  apart  as  a  resource  of  which 
he  might  avail  himself  whenever  age  or  infirmities 
should  oblige  him  to  retire  from  business.  After  he 
had  obtained  this  competency,  as  his  wealth  continued 
to  accumulate,  he  formed  a  remarkable  and  praiseworthy 
design  of  engaging  in  some  scheme  of  public  utility,  and 
at  first  had  it  in  contemplation  to  found  an  anatomical 
school  in  this  metropolis.  For  this  purpose,  about  the 
year  1765,  during  the  government  of  Mr.  Grenville,  he 
presented  a  memorial  to  that  minister,  in  which  he 
requested  the  grant  of  a  piece  of  ground  in  the  Mews 
for  the  site  of  an  anatomical  theatre.  Dr.  Hunter  un- 
dertook to  expend  seven  thousand  pounds  on  the  build- 
ing, and  to  endow  a  professorship  of  anatomy  in  per- 
petuity. This  scheme  did  not  meet  with  the  reception 
which  it  deserved.  In  a  conversation  on  this  subject, 
soon  afterwards,  with  the  earl  of  Shelburne,  his  lordship 
expressed  a  wish  that  the  plan  might  be  carried  into  exe- 
cution by  subscription,  and  very  generously  requested  to 
accompany  his  name  with  a  thousand  guineas.  Dr. 
Hunter's  delicacy  would  not  allow  him  to  adopt  this  pro- 
posal. He  chose  rather  to  execute  the  plan  at  his  own 
expense,  and  accordingly  purchased  a  spot  of  ground  in 
Great  Windmill-street,  where  he  erected  a  spacious  house, 
to  which  he  removed  from  Jermyn-street  in  1770.  In  this 

VOL.  ir.  p 


210  ROLL  or  THE  [1756 

building,  besides  a  handsome  amphitheatre  and  other 
convenient  apartments  for  his  lectures  and  dissections, 
one  magnificent  room  was  fitted  up  with  great  elegance 
and  propriety  as  a  museum,  only  second  in  extent  and  im- 
portance to  that  subsequently  formed  by  his  distinguished 
brother  and  pupil,  John  Hunter.  Of  the  magnitude  and 
value  of  Dr.  Hunter's  collection  some  idea  may  be  formed 
when  we  consider  the  great  length  of  years  which  he  em- 
ployed in  making  anatomical  preparations,  and  in  the 
dissection  of  morbid  bodies,  added  to  the  eagerness 
with  which  he  procured  additions  from  the  museums  of 
Sandys,  Falconer,  Blackall,  and  others  which  were  at 
different  times  offered  for  sale  in  the  metropolis.  Friends 
and  pupils  were  constantly  augmenting  his  store  with 
new  specimens.  On  removing  to  Windmill -street,  he 
began  to  extend  his  views  to  the  embellishment  of  his 
collection  by  a  magnificent  library  of  Greek  and  Latin 
classics,  and  he  formed  also  a  very  rare  cabinet  of  ancient 
medals,  which  was  at  the  time  considered  as  only  infe- 
rior to  that  belonging  to  the  king  of  France.  The  coins 
alone  had  been  purchased  at  an  expense  of  twenty 
thousand  pounds.  Minerals,  shells,  and  other  objects 
of  natural  history  were  gradually  added  to  this  museum, 
which  became  an  object  of  curiosity  throughout  Europe. 
It  now  enriches  the  university  of  Glasgow,  to  which  it, 
with  eight  thousand  pounds  as  a  fund  for  the  support 
and  augmentation  of  the  whole,  was  bequeathed  by  its 
liberal  owner.* 

Dr.  Baillie  has  said  of  Dr.  Hunter,  that  "  no  one  ever 
possessed  more  enthusiasm  for  his  art,  more  persevering 
industry,  more  acuteness  of  investigation,  more  per- 
spicuity of  expression,  or,  indeed,  a  greater  share  of 
natural  eloquence.  He  excelled  very  much  any  lecturer 
whom  I  have  ever  heard  in  the  clearness  of  his  arrange- 
ment, the  aptness  of  his  illustrations,  and  the  elegance 
of  his  diction.  He  was  perhaps  the  best  teacher  of  ana- 
tomy that  ever  lived. 

*  Lives  of  British  Physicians.  2nd  edition.  Lond.  1857.  p. 
224,  et  seq. 


1756]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        211 

"  Of  the  person  of  Dr.  Hunter  it  may  be  observed 
that  he  was  regularly  shaped,  but  of  a  slender  make, 
and  rather  below  a  middle  stature.  His  manner  of 
living  was  extremely  simple  and  frugal,  and  the  quan- 
tity of  his  food  was  small,  as  well  as  plain.  He  was  an 
early  riser,  and  when  business  was  over,  was  constantly 
engaged  in  his  anatomical  pursuits,  or  in  his  museum. 
There  was  something  very  engaging  in  his  manner  and 
address,  and  he  had  such  an  appearance  of  attention  to 
his  patients  when  he  was  making  his  inquiries'  as  could 
scarcely  fail  to  conciliate  their  confidence  and  esteem. 
In  consultation  with  his  medical  brethren  he  delivered 
his  opinion  with  diffidence  and  candour.  In  familiar 
conversation  he  was  cheerful  and  unassuming.  All 
who  knew  him  allow  that  he  possessed  an  excellent 
understanding,  great  readiness  of  perception,  a  good 
memory,  and  a  sound  judgment.  With  these  intel- 
lectual powers  he  united  uncommon  assiduity  and  pre- 
cision, so  that  he  was  admirably  fitted  for  anatomical 
investigation."  Dr.  Hunter's  portrait,  by  Zoffani,  is  at 
the  College.  It  was  presented  by  Mr.  Bransby  Cooper, 
13th  April,  1829. 

Dr.  Hunter  contributed  several  papers  to  the  "  Philo- 
sophical Transactions  "  and  the  "  Medical  Observations 
and  Inquiries,"  and  published— 

Medical  Commentaries.  Part  I.  Containing  a  plain  and  direct 
Answer  to  Professor  Monro,  jun.,  with  Remarks  on  the  Structure, 
Functions,  and  Diseases  of  several  Parts  of  the  Human  Body.  4to. 
Lond.  1762. 

Supplement  to  the  First  Part  of  Medical  Commentaries.  4to. 
Lond.  1764. 

Anatomy  of  the  Human  Gravid  Uterus  exhibited  in  Figures.  Fol. 
Birm.  1744. 

After  his  death  appeared— 

Two  Introductory  Lectures  to  his  Course  of  Anatomical  Lectures. 
4to.  Lond.  1784. 

Anatomical  Description  of  the  Human  Gravid  Uterus  and  its 
Contents.  4to.  Lond.  1794. 

SIR  WILLIAM  DUNCAN,  Bart.,  M.D.,  was  a  doctor  of 
medicine  of  the  university  of  St.  Andrew's  of  4th  May, 

p  2 


212  ROLL    OF   THE  [1757 


1751  ;  and  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  30th  September,  1756.  He  was  appointed 
physician  in  ordinary  to  George  the  Third  shortly  after 
his  accession  to  the  throne,  and  was  created  a  baronet 
in  1764,  the  year  preceding  which  he  had  married  lady 
Mary,  daughter  of  Sackville,  earl  of  Thanet.  Sir  William 
Duncan  died  at  Naples  in  1774.  His  body  was  brought 
to  England,  and  buried  at  Hampstead. 

SAMUEL  WATHEN,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine  of 
Aberdeen  of  28th  September,  1752  ;  was  admitted  a 
Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  September, 
1756.  He  died  at  Dorking  in  1787. 

JOHN  FORDYCE,  M.D.,  was  born  in  the  north  of 
Scotland,  and  received  his  medical  education  at  Leyden, 
where,  on  the  1st  December,  1737,  when  twenty-one 
years  of  age,  he  was  inscribed  on  the  physic  line.  He 
left  Leyden  without  taking  a  degree,  and  settling  at 
Uppingham,  practised  for  several  years  as  a  surgeon 
apothecary.  Having  realised  a  competency  he  disposed 
of  his  business  there  to  Dr.  Garthshore ;  was  created 
doctor  of  medicine  by  Marischal  college,  Aberdeen,  7th 
March,  1756,  and  settling  in  London,  was  admitted  a 
Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  4th  April,  1757. 
His  name  disappears  from  the  list  of  1760.  He  was 
the  author  of— 

Historia  Febris  Miliaris  et  de  Hemicrania.     8vo.  Lond.  1758. 

From  the  last-named  disease,  hemicrania,  Dr.  For- 
dyce  had  himself  suffered  long  and  most  severely.  He 
cured  himself  by  drachm  doses  of  the  valeriana  sylves- 
tris  in  powder  taken  three  or  four  times  a- day. 

JOHN  MANNING,  M.D. — On  the  21st  September, 
1753,  being  then  twenty-three  years  of  age,  he  was  in- 
scribed on  the  physic  line  at  Leyden.  He  graduated 
doctor  of  medicine  there  in  1756  (D.M.I,  de  Cachexia 
Virginea,  4to.) ;  and  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate 
of  the-College  of  Physicians  llth  April,  1757.  He 


1757]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  213 

settled  at  Norwich  ;  was  appointed  one  of  the  physicians 
to  the  Norfolk  and  Norwich  hospital  on  its  establish- 
ment in  1772,  and  continued  in  that  office  until  1805. 
Dr.  Manning  died  at  Norwich  16th  March,  1806,  aged 
seventy-six,  and  was  buried  at  St.  Gregory's  in  that  city, 
where  there  is  a  monument  with  the  following  inscrip- 
tion : — 

In  a  vault  in  the  middle  aisle  of  this  church 
are  deposited  the  remains  of 

JOHN  MANNING,  M.D., 

who  died  the  16th  March,  1806, 

in  the  seventy-sixth  year  of  his  age. 

His  practice  as  a  physician  in  this  city  and  county 

was  highly  honourable  to  himself  and  beneficial  to  the  public. 

His  exertions  in  favour  of  the  Norwich  and  Norfolk  hospital 

were  unremitting  and  exemplary. 
The  excellencies  and  virtues  of  his  private  character 

not  less  endeared  him  to  all  who  knew  him, 

and  who  did  not  know  him  in  the  wide  circle  in  which  he  moved  ? 
His  understanding  was  of  the  first  form  and  enriched  by  extensive 

reading. 
He  was  a  scholar  without  pride, 

a  Christian  without  bigotry, 

and  devout  without  ostentation. 

His  penetration  into  character  was  keen, 

but  tempered  with  the  manners  of  a  gentleman  ; 

he  was  severe  only  to  hypocrisy  and  open  vice. 

He  selected  his  intimate  friends  with  judgment, 

but  was  steady  and  unaltered  in  his  attachments  to  them. 

His  beneficence  was  great ; 
it  was  not  so  much  the  sacrifice  to  duty 

as  the  offspring  of  a  feeling  heart, 
which  extended  to  the  whole  animal  creation. 
In  fine,  his  Creator  had  been  liberal  to  him, 

and,  as  far  as  man  can  judge, 

he  did  not  misuse  the  Creator's  bounty. 

This  testimony  to  his  memory  is  not  the  tribute  of  relatives 

alone,  but  also  of  a  stranger  to  his  blood,  whom  from  an 

intimate  acquaintance  of  many  years  had  known  indeed 

to  love,  but  never  knew  to  flatter. 
In  the  same  vault  are  also  interred  the  remains  of 

ANN  MANNING,  his  wife, 
who  died  the  17th  February,  1812,  aged  eighty-two  years. 

SIR  GEORGE  BAKER,  BART.,  M.D.— This  profound 
scholar  and  accomplished  physician  was  born  in  Devon- 


214  ROLL  OF  THE  [1757 

shire  in  1722.  He  was  the  son  of  the  Rev.  George 
Baker,  vicar  of  Modbury,  and  archdeacon  and  registrar 
of  Totnes,  by  his  wife,  a  daughter  of  Dr.  Stephen 
Weston,  bishop  of  Exeter.  He  was  educated  at  Eton, 
and  was  transferred  thence  in  July,  1742,  to  King's  col- 
lege, Cambridge,  of  which  society  he  was  elected  a 
fellow.  He  proceeded  A.B.  1745;  A.M.  1749;  M.D. 
1756  ;  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Phy- 
sicians 30th  September,  1756  ;  and  a  Fellow,  30th  Sep- 
tember, 1757.  He  commenced  his  professional  career 
at  Stamford  in  Lincolnshire,  to  which  place  he  had  been 
invited  by  a  large  circle  of  friends  whom  he  had  known 
in  early  life  ;  but  this  was  a  situation  too  limited  for 
the  exertion  of  his  talents,  and  about  the  year  1761  he 
removed  to  London,  where  he  rapidly  rose  to  the  fore- 
most rank  in  his  profession.  He  filled  in  succession  the 
most  important  offices  in  our  College ;  was  Censor  in 
1761,  1764,  1774,  1780  ;  Harveian  orator  in  1761  ; 
Elect  in  1780;  and  President,  1785,  1786,  1787,  1788, 
1789,  1790,  1792,  1793,  1795.  He  was  successively 
appointed  physician  to  the  queen's  household,  physician 
in  ordinary  to  the  queen,  and  physician  in  ordinary  to 
the  king  (George  the  Third).  He  was  created  a  baronet 
26th  August,  1776.  Sir  George  Baker  was  a  fellow  of 
the  Royal  Society  and  of  the  Society  of  Antiquaries, 
and  an  honorary  fellow  of  the  College  of  Physicians  of 
Edinburgh,  and  one  of  the  foreign  fellows  of  the  Royal 
Society  of  Medicine  of  Paris.  He  resigned  his  office  of 
elect  in  July,  1798,  and  died  15th  June,  1809,  in  the 
eighty- seventh  year  of  his  age.  He  passed  through  a 
long  life,  singularly  free  from  the  ordinary  diseases  of 
man,  or  the  infirmities  of  age.  His  death  was  con- 
sonant with  his  life,  for  he  departed  so  easily,  and  ap- 
parently so  free  from  pain,  that  the  words  of  his  favourite 
Cicero  are  said  to  have  had  in  his  death  their  nearest  ap- 
plication :  "  Non  illi  fuit  vita  erepta,  sed  mors  donata." 
He  was  buried  at  St.  James's,  Piccadilly,  and  on  a  plain 
mural  tablet  to  the  north  of  the  Communion  table  is 
the  following  simple  memorial  : — 


1757]  ROYAL  COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  215 

Near  this  spot 

are  deposited  the  remains  of 

SIR  GEORGE  BAKER,  BART., 

who  departed  this  life  June  the  15th,  1809, 

in  the  eighty-seventh  year  of  his  age. 

No  man  ever  followed  the  career  of  physic  and  the 
elegant  paths  of  the  Greek  and  Roman  muses  with 
more  success  than  Sir  George  Baker.  As  a  scholar  he 
had  few  equals,  and  no  superior.  His  "  Dissertatio  de 
Affectionibus  Aiiimi  et  Morbis  inde  oriundis,"  published 
as  an  exercise  at  Cambridge,  in  1755,  has  been  charac- 
terised by  a  kindred  spirit  and  very  competent  judge, 
the  late  Sir  Henry  Halford,  as  one  of  the  most  elegant 
exercises  of  modern  times.  His  Essays  on  the  Cause 
of  the  Colic  of  Devonshire  and  Poitou  are  no  less  de- 
monstrative of  his  attainments  as  a  philosophical  phy- 
sician. They  evince  a  rare  union  of  acute  but  patient 
observation,  extended  inquiry,  a  just  appreciation  of  the 
value  of  individual  facts,  and  the  most  rigorous  logical 
deduction.  They  present  one  of  the  best  examples 
modern  times  have  afforded  of  the  method  to  be  pur- 
sued in  medical  inquiries,  and  they  constitute  a  model 
for  all  who  are  labouring  to  extend  the  boundaries  of 
medical  science.  As  a  practitioner  he  was  no  less  emi- 
nent. "  The  soundness  of  his  judgment,"  writes  Dr. 
Macmichael,  "  was  acknowledged  by  all.  To  him  the 
whole  medical  world  looked  up  with  respect,  and  in  the 
treatment  of  any  disease  in  the  least  degree  unusual,  if 
it  was  desired  to  know  all  that  had  ever  been  said  or 
written  on  the  subject  from  the  most  remote  antiquity 
down  to  the  case  in  question,  a  consultation  was  pro- 
posed with  Sir  George  Baker.  From  his  erudition 
everything  was  expected.  Sir  George  Baker  was  par- 
ticularly kind  to  the  rising  members  of  his  profession, 
whom  he  encouraged  and  informed  with  great  condes- 
cension and  apparent  interest.  With  studious  habits 
and  unassuming  manners  he  combined  great  playful- 
ness of  imagination,  as  will  appear  from  the  two  follow- 
ing specimens  of  Latin  pleasantry  : — 


216  BOLL   OF   THE  [1757 

EPIGRAM  ON  TWO  BROTHERS  WHO  APPLIED  TO  SIR  GEORGE  BAKER  FOR 
ADVICE  NEARLY  AT  THE  SAME  TIME. 

Hos  inter  fratres  quantum  disconvenit !  alter 
Corpus  ali  prohibet,  se  nimis  alter  alit ; 
Hinc  ambo  segrotant ;  sed  non  est  causa  timoris ; 
Nam  penes  est  ipsos  certa  utriusque  salus. 
Cautus  uterque  suam  mutet,  me  judice,  vitam  ; 
Huic  cibus,  ast  illi  sit  medicina  fames. 

Which  may  be  thus  rendered  in  English — 

Behold  two  brothers,  how  unlike  their  state  ! 
One's  too  indulgent,  one  too  temperate ; 
Hence  both  are  sick ;  but  let  not  this  alarm  them, 
The  cure  is  in  themselves,  and  will  not  harm  them. 
Let  me  prescribe,  with  caution,  to  each  brother, 
Food  for  the  one,  and  fasting  for  the  other. 

On  Mrs.  Vanbutchel,  who  was  preserved  as  a  mummy 
at  the  request  of  her  husband,  Sir  George  wrote  the 
following  inscription.  Under  the  superintendence  of  Dr. 
Hunter,  Mr.  Cruikshank  injected  into  the  arteries  spirits 
of  turpentine,  coloured  by  vermilion.  She  died  at  the 
age  of  forty,  and  her  body,  thus  preserved,  was  kept  by 
her  husband  in  his  own  house  during  his  lifetime  ;  at 
his  death,  his  son  presented  it  to  the  College  of  Surgeons 
where  it  is  now  to  be  seen  in  a  mahogany  case. 

IN  RELIQUIAS  MARLE  VANBUTCHEL,  NOVO  MIRACULO  CONSERVATAS,  ET  A 
MAKITO  SUO  SUPERSTITE,  CULTU  QUOTIDIANO  ADORATAS. 

Hie,  expers  tumuli,  jacet 
Uxor  Joannis  Vanbutchel, 
Integra  omnino  et  incorrupta, 
Viri  sui  amantissimi 
Desiderium  simul  et  deliciee  ; 
Hanc  gravi  morbo  vitiatam 
Consumtamque  tandem  longa  morte 
In  hunc,  quern  cernis,  nitorem, 
,  In  hanc  speciem  et  colorem  viventis 

Ab  indecora  putredine  vindicavit 
Invita  et  repugnante  natura 
Vir  egregius,  Gulielmus  Hunterus, 
Artificii  prius  intentati 
Inventor  idem,  et  perfector. 
O  fortunatum  maritum 
Cui  datur 


1757]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        217 

TJxorem  multum  ataatam 

Retinere  una  in  unis  aedibus, 

AfEari,  tangere,  complecti, 

Propter  dormire,  si  lubeb, 

Non  fatis  modo  superstitem 

Sed  (quod  pluris  sestimandum 

Nam,  non  est  vivere,  sed  placere,  vita) 

Edam  suaviorem 
Venustiorem 
Habitiorem 

Solidam  magis,  et  magis  succi  plenam 
Qaam  cum  ipsa  in  viris  fuerit ! 
O  !  forfcunatum  hominem  et  invidendum 
Cui  peculiars  hoc,  et  proprium  contingit 
Apud  se  habere  faaminam 
Non  variam,  non  mutabilem 

Et  egregie  taciturnam  !  * 

Sir  George  Baker's  merits  t  as  a  writer  are  to  be  esti- 
mated rather  by  the  value  than  the  extent  of  his  works. 
He  was  the  author  of  the  elegant  and  classical  preface 
to  the  Pharmacopoeia  Londinensis  of  1788.  His  Es- 
says on  the  Devonshire  Colic,  &c.,  were  published  in 

*  Gold-Headed  Cane.     2nd  edit.  8vo.  Lond.  p.  227. 

f  "  Atque  hie  loci,  pro  more  mihi  liceret  Orationi  hodiernaa  finem 
facere ;  quando  vero  unde  initia  cseperim  in  memoriam  revoco ; 
quando  non  modo  honestam  illam  mecum  reputo,  sed  necessariam 
fere  medicinae  cum  literis  et  philosophia  conjunctionem,  nequeo 
Illustrissimum  Yirum  (Georgium  Baker,  Baronetum)  preetermittere 
qui  vivo  exemplari  suo  ad  majora  nos  provocat  atque  incendit. 
Vidistis  eum  nuperrime  summum  apud  vos  magistratum  summa 
cum  laude  tenentem ;  et  dum  eo  munere  f ungebatur,  novistis  Phar- 
macopceiae  renovanda3  quam  totum  se  dederit.  Audivistis  earn,  hac 
ipsa  ex  cathedra,  incorrupta  Bomanee  dictionis  sanitate,  et  eloquen- 
tia  Ciceronianaa  setatis  non  indigna,  nostrorum  Medicorum  asterna 
statuere  monumenta.  Scripta  ejus  in  manibus  atque  in  deliciis 
habetis,  quee  sive  rei  propositee  explicationem,  et,  quaa  vera  dicitur, 
Philosophiam  spectes,  sive  verborum  pond  era  et  venustates,  inter 
pulcherrima  collocanda  sunt,  ne  dicam  medicinaa  solum  sed  universaa 
eruditionis  ornamenta.  Inter  alia  testari  licet  libellum.  egregie 
scriptum  de  Catarrho  et  Dysenteria,  morbis  ejusdem  anni  epidemicis 
— et  etiam  Dissertationes  illas  de  Colica  Pictonica — in  quibus  sin- 
gularis  morbi  historia  ab  omni  fere  antiquitate  ad  hsec  usque  tem- 
pora  deducitur,  et  ejus  causa  non  nisi  simplex  et  una  esse  monstra- 
tur.  At  mitto  plura,  et  mori  Antiquorum  obsequor  qui  non  nisi 
solis  occasu  Heroibus  suis  sacra  faciebant."  Oratio  ex  Harveii  in- 
stitute auct.  Henrico  (Vaughan)  Halford.  MDCCC,  p.  13. 


218  ROLL  OF  THE  [1757 

the  Medical  Transactions  of  the  College,  but  were  col- 
lected into  an  octavo  volume  in  1767. 
His  other  writings  were — 

Thesis  de  Affectibus  Animi,  &c. 

Oratio  Harveiana.     4to.  Lond.  1761. 

De  Catarrho  et  de  Dysenteria  Londinensi  Epidemicis,  1762.  4to. 
Lond.  1764. 

Inquiry  into  the  merits  of  a  Method  of  Inoculating  the  Small-pox 
which  is  now  practised  in  several  counties  of  England.  8vo.  Lond. 
1766. 

A  fine  portrait  of  this  ornament  of  our  College,  by 
Ozias  Humphrey,  R.A.,  is  in  the  College,  and  has  been 
engraved  by  J.  Singleton.  It  was  presented  by  Sir 
Frederic  Baker,  bart.,  on  the  opening  of  the  present 
College. 

JOSEPH  NICOLL  SCOTT,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine 
of  Edinburgh  of  1744  (D.M.I,  de  quibusdam  Capitis 
Nervorumque  Affectionibus) ;  was  admitted  an  Extra- 
Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  17th  October, 
1757.  He  was  originally  a  dissenting  minister.  He 
seems  to  have  practised  physic  at  Ipswich,  and  he  died 
about  1773.  He  was  the  editor  of  Bailey's  English 
Dictionary,  and  the  author  of  two  volumes  of  sermons, 
and  of  an  essay  towards  a  translation  of  Homer's  works 
into  blank  verse. 

SIB  NOAH  THOMAS,  M.D.,  was  educated  at  St.  John's 
college,  Cambridge,  as  a  member  of  which  he  proceeded 
A.B.  1742  ;  A.M.  1746  ;  M.D.  1753.  Admitted  a  Can- 
didate of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  September, 
1756  ;  and  a  Fellow,  22nd  December,  1757  ;  he  was 
Gulstonian  lecturer  in  1759 ;  and  Censor  in  1761, 
1766,  1767,  1781.  He  was  appointed  physician  extra- 
ordinary to  George  the  Third  in  1763,  and  physician  in 
ordinary  in  1775,  when  he  received  the  honour  of 
knighthood.  He  was  for  many  years  physician  to  the 
Lock  hospital,  and  died  at  Bath  on  the  17th  May,  1792."" 
A  remarkably  fine  portrait  of  Sir  Noah  Thomas  by  Sir 

*  "  Vir  bonus  et  eruditus,  amicus  certus,  ingenio  acuto  et  suavitate 


1758]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  219 

Joshua  Reynolds  is  in  the  combination  room  of  St. 
John's  college,  Cambridge. 

JAMES  GBAINGER,  M.D.,  was  born  about  the  year 
1721,  of,  as  he  himself  said,*  a  gentleman's  family  in 
Cumberland,  and,  according  to  most  accounts,  at  Dunse, 
a  small  town  in  Scotland.  He  received  his  medical 
education  at  Edinburgh.  Entering  the  army  as  a  sur- 
geon, he  served  in  that  capacity  during  the  rebellion  of 
1745,  and  in  a  similar  capacity  in  Pulteney's  regiment 
of  foot  in  Holland  in  1746,  1747,  and  1748.  He  then 
quitted  the  army,  made  the  tour  of  Europe,  and,  re- 
turning to  his  native  country,  graduated  doctor  of 
medicine  at  Edinburgh  13th  March,  1753  (D.M.I,  de 
Modo  excitandi  Ptyalismum  et  Morbis  inde  penden- 
tibus).  He  then  came  to  London  and  established  him- 
self in  Bond-court,  Walbrook.  Imbued  with  a  taste 
for  literature,  his  pen  found  employment  in  adding  to 
the  income  derived  from  professional  labours.  In  1755 
appeared  his  Ode  on  Solitude  in  Dodsley's  Collection, 
which  possessed  merit  enough  to  obtain  from  Dr.  John- 
son, whose  friendship  he  had  the  good  fortune  to  acquire, 
the  term  "noble."  In  May,  1756,  he  commenced  writ- 
ing in  the  Monthly  Review  with  a  criticism  of  Mason's 
Odes,  and  during  this  and  the  two  following  years 
contributed  a  variety  of  articles,  chiefly  on  poetry  and 
the  drama,  to  that  journal,  relinquishing  his  connection 
with  it  1758.  Not  wholly  neglectful  of  physic  he  pub- 
lished in  1757  his— 

Historia  Febris  Intermittentis  Anomalse  Batavse  Annorum.  1746, 
1747,1748:  Accedunt  Monita  Syphilitica.  8vo.  Edinb. 

He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physi- 
cians 20th  March,  1758.  In  the  autumn  of  that  year 
he  engaged  to  travel  for  four  years  with  a  Mr.  Bourryan, 
a  young  man  of  large  West  India  property,  whose  studies 

morum  beatus." — Oratio  Harveiana,  anno  MDCCXCII.  habita,  auctore 
Gul.  Cadogan. 

*  Prior's  Life  of  Goldsmith,  vol.  i,  p.  237. 


2'2Q  ROLL  OF  THE  [1758 

from  an  early  period  had  been  in  part  committed  to  his 
charge.     The  resolution  to  quit  London,  he  writes  to 
Bishop  Percy,  was  not  adopted  in  a  hurry,  for  though 
"  his  practice  was  not  exceeded  by  that  of  any  young 
physician  in  London/'  the  proposed  leave  of  absence  he 
believed  would  not  interfere  materially  with  his  views, 
while  it  promised  to  add  to  the  number  and  respecta- 
bility of  his  friends.     In  the  spring  of  1759   he  em- 
barked for  the  island  of  St.  Christopher  in  the  West 
Indies  ;  quarrelled  soon  after  reaching  it,  as  is  said,  with 
his  patron  ;   commenced  practising  as  a  physician  in  the 
island ;  and  married  a  lady  of  good  family  but  small 
fortune,  some  of  whose  friends  fancied  the  union  not  to 
her  advantage.     In  the  autumn  of  1763,  he  returned 
to  England.     His  poem   the  "  Sugar  Cane,"   written 
during  his  abode  in  the  West  Indies,  had  been  pre- 
viously transmitted  home,  but,  owing  to  some  uncer- 
tainty as  to  the  mode  of  publication,  did  not  appear 
until  after  he  had  sailed  in  May,  1764,  on  his  return 
to  St.  Christopher.      His  affairs  there  had  become  in- 
volved during  his  absence  in  England,  but  some  pro- 
perty he  acquired  at  this  time  from  the  death  of  a 
brother  in  Scotland  enabled  him  in  part  to  meet  the 
difficulties  in  which  he  found  himself.     Unsettled  in  his 
plans  at  this  period ;  speculating  on  the  advantages  to 
be  derived  from  removing  to  other  islands  less  populous 
and  more  open  to  the  enterprise  of  new  settlers  ;  antici- 
pating wealth  as  well  from  planting  as  his  profession  ; 
and  the  enjoyment,  as  he  says,  of  many  happy  days  in 
England,  when  that  good  should  be  attained  :  projects 
conceived  with  all  the  warmth  of  poetry  and  overthrown 
with  the  usual  speed  and  sternness  of  matter  of  fact, 
he  was  taken  ill  and  died  on  the  16th  December,  1766, 
in  the  forty-sixth  year  of  his  age.* 

Dr.  Grainger's  claims  to  the  character  of  a  poet  were 
acknowledged  by  Johnson,  who,  we   are  told  by  Bos- 
well,  would  repeat  with  great  energy  the  exordium  to 
his  "  Ode  on  Solitude,"  and  add  liberal  praises  of  the 
*  Prior's  Life  of  Goldsmith,  vol.  i,  p.  237,  et  seq. 


1758]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        221 

whole.  His  "  Bryan  arid  Pareene  "  was  printed  in  his 
friend  Bishop  Percy's  "Beliques."  Dr.  Grainger  is 
best  known  by  the  "  Sugar  Cane,"  a  poem  of  consider- 
able merit,  and  by  a  translation,  with  copious  explana- 
tory notes,  of  the  Elegies  of  Tibullus.  "  Grainger," 
writes  Bishop  Percy,  "  was  not  only  a  man  of  genius 
and  learning,  but  had  many  excellent  virtues  ;  being 
one  of  the  most  generous,  friendly,  and  benevolent  men 
I  ever  knew."  In  1764  there  appeared  from  his  pen  — 

An  Essay  on  the  more  common  West  Indian  Diseases,  and  the 
Remedies  which  that  country  itself  produces,  with  Hints  for  the 
Management  of  Negroes.  8vo.  Lond. 

WILLIAM  CADOGAN,  M.D.,  was  born  in  London  and 
educated  at  Oriel  college,  Oxford,  where  he  took  the 
degree  of  bachelor  of  arts  18th  June,  1731.  He  then 
proceeded  to  the  continent,  was  inscribed  on  the  phy- 
sic line  at  Ley  den,  6th  October,  1732,  and  graduated 
doctor  of  medicine  there  in  1737  (D.M.I,  de  Nutritione, 
Incremento  et  Decremento  Corporis,  4 to.),  shortly  after 
which  he  was  appointed  physician  to  the  army.  He 
settled  in  London  about  the  year  1750,  and  was  ap- 
pointed physician  to  the  Foundling  hospital  in  1754. 
With  the  view  of  securing  his  admission  to  the  fellow- 
ship of  our  College,  he  returned  to  Oxford  ;  proceeded 
A.M.  20th  June,  1755  ;  and  on  that  day  week,  27th 
June,  1755,  bachelor  and  doctor  of  medicine.  He  was 
admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  4th 
April,  1757  ;  and  a  Fellow,  26th  June,  1758  ;  was  Cen- 
sor in  1759,  1770,  1775,  1781  ;  was  named  an  Elect  in 
1781  ;  and  was  twice  called  upon  to  deliver  the  Har- 
veian  oration,  viz.,  in  1764  and  1792.  He  died  at  his 
house  in  George -street,  Hanover-square,  the  26th  Feb- 
ruary, 1797,  aged  eighty-six,  and  was  buried  at  Fulham, 
where  he  had  a  house,  to  which,  in  the  latter  years  of 
his  life,  he  was  in  the  habit  of  retiring  during  the 
summer  months.  His  monument  in  Fulham  churchyard 
bears  the  following  inscription  : — 


222  ROLL  OF   THE  [1758 

M.  S. 

GULIELMI  CADOGAN, 
Oxoniee  et  Lugduni  Batavorum 

Alumni  et  M.D. 

Coll.  Beg.  Med.  Lond.  Socii. 

Ob.  26  die  Feb.  A.D.  1797, 

set.  snae.  86. 

Dr.  Cadogan  was  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society,  a 
man  of  pleasing  manners  and  strong  good  sense,  who 
by  his  writings  drew  much  attention  to  himself  and 
paved  the  way  to  a  lucrative  business.  His  "  Essay 
on  the  Nursing  and  Management  of  Children/'  8vo. 
Lond.  1750,  attracted  the  notice  of  the  governors  of 
the  Foundling  hospital,  who  adopted  the  rules  he 
therein  inculcated,  and,  as  we  have  seen,  soon  after- 
wards appointed  him  physician  to  that  institution. 
His  "  Dissertation  on  the  Gout  and  all  Chronic  Dis- 
eases, jointly  considered  as  proceeding  from  the  same 
Causes,"  8vo.  Lond.,  became  a  most  popular  work.  It 
ran  to  eleven  editions,  and  called  forth  a  large  number 
of  replies  from  persons  of  acknowledged  standing  in 
the  profession, — as  Sir  William  Browne,  Dr.  Carter  of 
Canterbury,  and  Dr.  Falconar  of  Bath,  besides  others  of 
lesser  note.  To  none  of  these  did  he  deign  a  reply.  He 
refers  the  gout  to  indolence,  vexation,  and  intempe- 
rance, and  his  plan  of  treatment  is  generally  judicious.* 
A  portrait  of  Dr.  Cadogan  is  on  the  staircase.  It  was 
painted  by  R.  E.  Pine  in  1769,  has  been  engraved  by 
"W.  Dickinson,  and  was  presented  by  Whitlock  Nicholl, 
M.D.,  8th  March,  1828. 

CHRISTOPHER  KELLY,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine 
of  Aberdeen,  of  22nd  November,  1756  ;  was  admitted 
a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians,  30th  Septem- 

*  "  Pectore  erat  hie  aperto,  virili,  omnia  sine  fuco  et  praestigiis 
agens.  Imaginem  viri  in  tractatu,  quern  de  Podagra  in  lucem 
edidit,  depictam  licet  aspicere.  In  quo,  nullius  vestigiis  inhasrens, 
sed  de  seipso  omnia  depromens,  sensus  suos  audacter  in  medium 
profert,  de  aliorum  opinione  securus,  sibi  cam  animi  sinceri  esset 
conscius." — Oratio  Harveiana,  Anno  MDCCXCVII.  habita  Bob.  Bourne. 


1759]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.         223 

her,  1758.     He  was  physician  to  the  British  Lying-in 
hospital,  and  the  author  of — 

A  Course  of  Lectures  on  Midwifery.     8vo.  Lond.   1757. 

DAVID  D'ESCHERNY,  M.D.,  was  a  doctor  of  medicine 
of  Marischal  college,  Aberdeen,  of  25th  July,  1758  ; 
and  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Phy- 
sicians 9th  April,  1759.  We  have  from  his  pen — 

A  Treatise  on  the  Causes  and  Symptoms  of  the  Stone,  and  on  the 
Remedies.  8vo.  Lond.  1755. 

An  Essay  on  the  Small-pox,  -with  Reflections  on  Patents.  8vo. 
Lond.  1760. 

An  Essay  on  the  Causes  and  Effects  of  the  Gout.  8vo.  Lond. 
1760. 

An  Essay  on  Fevers.     8vo.  Lond.  1760. 

A  Defence  of  Mrs.  Stephen's  Medicine  for  the  Stone.     8vo.  Lond. 

CEARLES  LUCAS,  M.D.,  was  better  known  as  an  Irish 
politician  than  as  a  physician.  His  ancestors  were 
farmers  in  the  county  of  Clare,  and  it  is  supposed  that 
by  misfortune  or  mismanagement  the  property  of  his 
family  had  been  lost.  Dr.  Lucas  was  born  in  the  sister 
isle  on  the  26th  September,  1713.  He  was  bred  an 
apothecary,  and  practised  in  that  capacity  for  several 
years  in  Dublin.  In  1741  he  published  his  first  work, 
"  Pharmacomastix  ;  or  the  Office,  Use,  and  Abuse  of 
Apothecaries  explained,"  8vo.,  Dublin ;  and  on  the  6th 
June,  1748,  was  sworn  one  of  two  assistant-apotheca- 
ries, nominated  by  the  Corporation  of  Apothecaries  in 
Dublin  to  assist  the  inspector  appointed  by  the  King 
and  Queen's  College  of  Physicians  in  the  visitation  and 
examination  of  apothecaries'  and  druggists'  shops  in 
Dublin.  But  long  before  this,  Lucas  had  committed 
himself  to  politics.  It  was,  to  use  his  own  words,  his 
"  fro  ward  fate  to  have  too  much  of  a  political  knight- 
errantry  interwoven  with  his  frame."'""  He  had  become 
a  member  of  the  corporation  of  Dublin,  and  had  ingra- 
tiated himself  with  the  large  number  of  his  fellow- 

*  Essay  on  Waters.  Part  iii,  p.  ccxiii.  Dedication  to  Lord 
Chesterfield. 


224  ROLL   OF   THE  [1759 

citizens  who,  like  himself,  were  opposed  to  the  court 
pnrty  in  the  corporation  and  in  the  Irish  senate.  If  he 
did  not  actually  establish  "  The  Freeman's  Journal  "in 
support  of  the  principles  he  was  advocating,  which,  by 
many,  he  is  represented  to  have  done,  he  certainly 
edited  it  for  several  years,  as  he  did  also  "  The  Censor, 
or  the  Citizen's  Journal."  As  he  made  warm  friends 
on  the  one  side,  so  he  made  bitter  enemies  on  the  other, 
and  the  latter  were  then  in  the  ascendant.  Party- 
feeling  at  that  time  ran  rancorously  high  in  Dublin, 
and  when  Lucas,  in  1749,  was  an  unsuccessful  candi- 
date for  the  representation  of  that  city  in  the  Irish  par- 
liament, the  house  of  Commons,  at  the  instance,  it  is 
said,  of  the  Government,  and  by  an  unanimous  vote, 
pronounced  his  writings  seditious,  and  himself  an  enemy 
to  his  country.  The  house  desired  the  attorney-gene- 
ral to  issue  an  order  for  Lucas's  apprehension,  and  to 
escape  this  he  sought  an  asylum  in  England.  He  then 
applied  himself  to  the  further  study  of  physic,  proceeded 
to  Paris  where  he  was  a  pupil  under  Petit,  and  then 
visiting  Rheims  and  Leyden,  at  the  last-named  univer- 
sity graduated  doctor  of  medicine  20th  December,  1752 
(D.M.I,  de  Gangrsena  et  Spacelo).  Returning  to  Eng- 
land he  settled  as  a  physician  at  Bath.  On  the  25th 
June,  1759,  he  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College 
of  Physicians  of  London. 

Dr.  Lucas's  popularity  in  Ireland  was  not  diminished 
by  his  long  and  enforced  absence,  which,  as  is  not  un- 
usual in  such  cases,  had  blunted  the  edge  of  hostility 
against  him,  and  given  occasion  to  the  gradual  develop- 
ment of  a  reaction  in  his  favour,  of  which  he  was  now  to 
reap  the  benefit.  On  the  6th  May,  1761,  he  was  elected 
by  the  city  of  Dublin  a  member  of  the  Irish  house  of 
Commons  ;  in  the  course  of  the  same  month  was  restored 
to  the  freedom  of  the  city  of  Dublin,  of  which  he  had 
been  disfranchised  in  1749  ;  and  on  the  last  day  of  May, 
1761,  was  presented  with  the  freedom  of  the  city  of 
Cork  in  a  silver  box.  He  probably  intended,  on  his  re- 
turn to  Dublin,  to  resume  the  exercise  of  his  profession 


1759]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        225 

as  a  physician,  for  we  find  that  on  the  ]2th  June,  1761, 
he  presented  himself  to  the  King  and  Queen's  College 
of  Physicians  for  examination  for  a  licence,  and  was 
approved  of,  for  the  first  time.  But  when  his  second 
examination  became  due,  he  requested  its  postpone- 
ment, on  the  ground  "  that,  through  his  attendance  in. 
Parliament,  he  could  not  be  duly  prepared."  He  never 
presented  himself  for  this  second  examination,  and  con- 
sequently was  never  admitted  by  the  Dublin  college. 
His  time  was  now  fully  occupied  with  his  senatorial 
duties,  but  any  detailed  account  of  his  parliamentary 
career  would  be  out  of  place  in  a  work  like  the  present. 
Suffice  it  to  say  that  Lucas,  a  man  of  popular  assemblies, 
and  trained  amidst  civic  broils,  was  not  a  very  effective 
speaker  in  the  house  of  Commons,  an  assembly  of 
lawyers  and  disciplined  orators.  "As  a  politician," 
writes  Mr.  Hardy,*  "  Dr.  Lucas  was,  (as  the  due  de 
Beaufort  was  called  during  the  time  of  the  Fronde  at 
Paris,  un  Hoi  des  halles) — a  sovereign  of  the  corpora- 
tions. In  the  house  of  Commons,  his  importance  was 
withered  and  comparatively  shrunk  to  nothing.  Lucas 
had,  in  truth,  little  or  no  knowledge  as  a  leader  in 
parliament,  and  his  efforts  there  were  too  often  dis- 
played in  a  sort  of  tempestuous  alacrity  to  combat  men 
whose  lofty  disregard  of  him  left  them  at  full  liberty  to 
pursue  their  argument  as  if  nothing  had  disturbed  them. 
Self-command,  whether  constitutional  or  arising  from 
occasional  contempt,  is  a  most  potent  auxiliary.  His 
opponents  were,  sometimes  indeed,  rendered  indignant ; 
but,  whether  calm  or  angry,  the  battle  always  left  him 
worse  than  before.  Yet,  with  all  his  precipitancy,  and 
too  frequent  want  of  knowledge,  he  annexed  a  species 
of  dignity  to  himself  in  the  house  of  Commons  that  was 
not  without  its  effect/'  He  succeeded  in  passing 
through  the  Irish  parliament  in  1761,  an  act,  commonly 
known  as  Lucas's  Act,  by  which,  inter  alia,  the  King 
and  Queen's  College  of  Physicians  were  empowered  "  to 

*  Life  of  James,  earl  of  Charlemont.     2nd  edit.    2  vols.    8vo. 
1812. 

VOL.  II.  Q 


22G  ROLL   OF   THE 

enlarge  the  number  of  their  body,"  which,  by  the  charter 
of  William  and  Mary,  was  limited  to  fourteen  fellows  : 
and  in  1768  another  act,  limiting  the  duration  of  parlia- 
ment to  eight  years.  For  this  last-named  act,  and  in 
recognition  of  his  efforts  to  remedy  great  and  obvious 
evils,  his  statue  in  white  marble,  by  Edward  Smyth,  of 
Dublin  (a  very  fine  work  of  art),  was  placed  in  the 
Royal  Exchange,  now  the  City  Hall,  at  the  public  ex- 
pense. The  doctor  is  represented  in  his  senatorial  robe, 
and  as  if  energetically  addressing  the  house  of  Com- 
mons ;  and  in  his  right  hand  he  holds  a  copy  of  Magna 
Charta. 

Dr.  Lucas  suffered  long  and  seriously  from  gout,  and 
this,  with  the  excitement,  anxieties,  and  labours  he  had 
undergone,  had  the  effect  of  ageing  him  at  an  unusually 
early  period.     When  but  little  more  than  fifty  years 
of  age  (and  he  died  when  he  was  fifty-eight),  he  had 
already   the   bodily  infirmities   and   characteristics   of 
the  old  man,  and  was  generally  thought  to  be  much 
older  than  he  was.     "  In  his  old  age,"  writes  Mr.  Wills, 
"  Dr.  Lucas  was  an  object  of  general  respect,  which 
his  appearance  and   venerable  deportment  in  society 
contributed  to  increase.     During  the  latter  years  of  his 
life,  he  was  reduced  to  the  lowest  state  of  infirmity  by 
repeated  attacks  of  gout,  so  that  he  was  always  carried 
to  the  house  of  Commons  where  he  could  scarcely  stand 
for  a  moment.     In  this  situation  he  is  thus  described  : — 
'  The  gravity  and  uncommon  neatness  of  his  dress ;  his 
grey,  venerable  locks,  blending  with  a  pale  but  inte- 
resting countenance,  in  which  an  air  of  beauty  was  still 
visible,  altogether  excited  attention,  and  I  never  knew 
a  stranger  come  into  the  house  without  asking  who  he 
was.'"* 

Dr.  Lucas  died  in  Henry-street,  Dublin,  the  4th 
November,  1771.  His  popularity  in  Ireland  had  been 
like  and  fully  equal  to  that  of  Wilkes  in  England,  and 
his  funeral  was  honoured  by  the  attendance  of  the  lord 

*  Wills,  James,  Lives  of  Distinguished  Irishmen.     5  vols.  8vo. 
Dublin.  Vol.  v,  p.  153. 


1759]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        227 

mayor  and  principal  members  of  the  corporation  of 
Dublin  in  their  robes,  of  many  members  of  both  houses 
of  Parliament,  and  of  a  vast  assemblage  of  other  persons. 
He  was  buried  in  the  churchyard  of  St.  Michan,  Dublin, 
where  there  is  a  monument  with  the  following  inscrip- 
tion : — 

To  the  Memory  of 

Charles  Lucas,  M.D., 

formerly  one  of  the  Representatives  in  Parliament 

for  the  city  of  Dublin  ; 

whose  incorrupt  integrity, 

uneonquered  spirit, 

just  judgment 
and  glorious  perseverance, 

in  the  great  cause  of 

Liberty,  Virtue,  and  his  Country, 

endeared  him  to  his  grateful  constituents. 

This  tomb  is  placed  over  his  much-respected  remains, 

as  a  small  yet  sincere  tribute  of  Remembrance 

by  one  of  his  fellow- citizens  and  constituents, 

Sir  Edward  Newenham,  knight. 

Lucas  !  Hibernia's  friend,  her  joy  and  pride, 

Her  powerful  bulwark  and  her  skilful  guide, 

Firm  in  the  Senate,  steady  to  his  trust, 

Unmoved  by  fear  and  obstinately  just.* 

Lucas's  portrait  was  often  engraved.  By  far  the  best 
and  most  characteristic  is  a  mezzotinto  by  J.  M'Arditt, 
from  a  half-length  by  Sir  Joshua  Reynolds,  Passing 
by  without  notice  Dr.  Lucas's  political  writings  arid 
pamphlets,  which  were  numerous,  I  confine  myself  to 
an  enumeration  of  his  medical  works.  In  addition  to 
the  "  Pharmacornastix "  above-mentioned,  he  was  the 
author  of — 

An  Essay  on  Waters.     In  three  parts.     8vo.  Lond.  1756. 

An  Analysis  of  Dr.  Rutty's  Methodical  Synopsis  of  Mineral 
Waters.  8vo.  Lond.  1757. 

On  a  Physical  Confederacy  at  Bath.     8vo.  Lond.  1757. 

Cursory  Remarks  on  the  Method  of  Investigating  the  Principles 
and  Properties  of  the  Bath  and  Bristol  Waters.  8vo.  Bath.  1764. 

THOMAS  GISBORNE,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  the  Rev. 
James  Gisborne,  rector  of  Staveley  and  prebendary  of 

*  This  inscription  was  written  by  R.  Lewis,  author  of  the  Post 
Chaise  Companion  through  Ireland. 


228  ROLL   OF   THE  [17GO 

Durham.  He  was  educated  at  St.  John's  college,  Cam- 
bridge, of  which  house  he  was  a  fellow.  He  proceeded 
A.B.  1747;  A.M.  1751 ;  M.D.  1758  ;  was  admitted  a 
Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  September, 
1758  ;  and  a  Fellow  1st  October,  1759.  He  delivered 
the  Gulstonian  lectures  in  1760  ;  was  Censor  in  1760, 
1768,  1771,  1775,  1780,  and  1783;  Elect  28th  June, 
1781  ;  and  President  1791,  1794,  1796,  1797,  1798, 
1799,  1800,  1801,  1802,  1803.  Dr.  Gisborne  was  phy- 
sician to  St.  George's  hospital.  To  this  office  he  was 
elected  24th  January,  1757  ;  and  he  resigned  it  in  1781. 
He  was  also  physician  in  ordinary  to  the  king  ;  and  at 
the  time  of  bis  death,  which  occurred  at  Romeley,  co. 
Derby,  24th  February,  1806,  was  the  senior  fellow  of 
St.  John's  college.* 

WILLIAM  FARE,  M.D.,  was  educated  under  Dr. 
Doddridge,  of  Northampton  ;  and  having  selected  me- 
dicine as  his  profession,  spent  two  years  in  its  study 
at  Aberdeen  before  visiting  Edinburgh,  where  he  took 
the  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  in  1755  (D.M.I,  de 
Usu  Mathematicis  et  Philosophise  Naturalis  in  Medicinae 
Studio).  Dr.  Farr  entered  the  navy ;  was  admitted 
an  Extra- Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  10th 
March,  1760  ;  and  about  that  time  was  appointed  phy- 
sician to  Haslar  hospital.  He  was  promoted  thence  to 
the  royal  naval  hospital  at  Plymouth,  an  appointment 
which  he  retained  for  a  long  series  of  years.  After  a 
service  of  forty  years  to  the  two  hospitals,  he  withdrew 
from  active  life  ;  and,  retiring  to  Bath,  died  at  his  house 
in  Pulteney-street  the  23rd  August,  1809.  Dr.  Farr 
was  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society.  He  contributed  some 
papers  to  the  "  Philosophical  Transactions,"  and  to  the 
"  Medical  Observations  and  Inquiries." 

*  "  Praefuit  huic  Societati  per  multos  annos,  egregia  sibi  laude,  et 
integritatis  suse  opinione ;  postremo,  ut  earn,  qua  hanc  Societatem 
coluit,  benevolentiam  ostenderet,  testamento  multos  libros  precio 
carissimos  nobis  legavit." — Oratio  Harveiana,  die  Oct.  18,  Anno 
1806,  habita  a  Christ0  Eoberto  Pemberton. 


1760]  ROYAL  COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  229 

CHARLTON  WOLL ASTON,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  Francis 
Wollaston,  esq.,  F.R.S.,  of  Charterhouse-square,  by  his 
wife  Mary,  daughter  of  Dr.  Fauquire.  He  was  born 
23rd  May,  1733,  and  educated  at  Sidney  Sussex  col- 
lege, Cambridge,  as  a  member  of  which  he  proceeded 
bachelor  of  medicine  in  1753.  On  the  3rd  March,  1757, 
he  was  elected  physician  to  the  Middlesex  hospital,  but 
retained  that  office  for  a  few  months  only,  resigning  it 
in  January,  1758,  and  removing  to  Bury  St.  Edmunds, 
where  he  remained  for  about  four  years.  He  took  his 
degree  of  M.D.  at  Cambridge  in  1758  ;  was  admitted  a 
Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1759  ; 
arid  a  Fellow,  9th  July,  1760.  DBF  Wollaston  returned 
to  London  in  1762  ;  and  on  the  26th  August  in  that  year 
was  elected  physician  to  Guy's  hospital.  He  was  Censor 
in  1762,  and  delivered  the  Harveian  oration  in  1763. 
He  was  a  fellow  of  the  Eoyal  Society,  and  physician 
to  the  queen's  household,  but  was  prematurely  arrested 
in  his  course  towards  fame  and  fortune  by  an  attack 
of  fever,  which  terminated  fatally  on  the  26th  July, 
1764.* 

THOMAS  MILNER,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  Dr.  John 
Milner,  the  pastor  of  a  congregation  of  Presbyterian 
dissenters  at  Peckharn,  where  he  for  many  years  con- 
ducted a  seminary  with  distinguished  success  and  repu- 
tation. Our  physician  was  a  doctor  of  medicine  of  St. 
Andrew's  of  20th  June,  1740  ;  and  was  admitted  a 
Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  September, 
1760.  He  was  appointed  physician  to  St.  Thomas's 
hospital  in  1759  ;  but  he  resigned  his  office  there  in 
1762,  and  then  removed  to  Maidstone.  In  that  town 
and  neighbourhood  he  enjoyed  a  high  reputation,  and 
for  many  years  was  in  the  possession  of  a  large  and  lu- 
crative business.  Notwithstanding  his  parentage  and 

*  "  Ille,  scientiam  et  eruditionem  quibus  polluit,  insigni  ornavit 
verecundia,  et  mansuetudine  singular!  cunctos  sibi  devinxit  animos. 
Quanti  fuit,  qnanti  fuisset,  si  diutius  vitse  ejus  pepercisset  fatum, 
epistola  Bakero  nostro  data  manifesto  ostendit." — Oratio  Harveiaua, 
Anno  MDCCLXV  habita,  auctore  Tho.  Healde. 


230  ROLL   OP  THE  [1760 

education  Dr.  Milner  was  a  steady  churchman,  and  was  in 
the  habit  of  marching  to  the  parish  church  of  Maidstone, 
gold  headed  cane  in  hand,  with  his  three  maiden  sisters 
in  single  file  behind  him.  He  died  at  Maidstone,  13th 
September,  1797,  in  the  seventy-ninth  year  of  his  age, 
and  was  buried  in  the  church  of  All  Saints,  in  that 
town,  on  the  20th.  Dr.  Milner  was  the  author  of 

Experiments  and  Observations  on  Electricity.    8vo.  Lond.  1783. 

It  was  at  his  father's  school  at  Peckham  that  Oliver 
Goldsmith  for  some  time  acted  as  usher. 

ALEXANDER  RUS^JLL,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Edinburgh, 
and  was  the  son  of  a  lawyer  of  eminence  in  that  city. 
He  was  educated  at  the  High  school  of  Edinburgh,  and 
then  passed  two  years  in  attendance  on  the  general 
classes  of  the  university.  He  began  the  study  of  medi- 
cine under  his  uncle,  one  of  the  most  eminent  practi- 
tioners in  Edinburgh,  and  in  1732  began  to  attend  the 
lectures  of  the  medical  professors.  Having  finished 
his  studies  at  Edinburgh,  though  without  applying  for 
a  degree,  he  in  1735  came  to  London,  and  erelong  em- 
barked for  Turkey,  and  about  the  year  1740  settled  at 
Aleppo,  to  the  English  factory  at  which  place  he  was 
for  several  years  physician.  On  arriving  in  Turkey, 
Dr.  Russell  immediately  applied  himself  to  the  study  of 
the  language,  and,  soon  overcoming  every  difficulty, 
commenced  practice  at  Aleppo  with  greater  advantages 
than  had  ever  before  fallen  to  the  lot  of  any  Christian 
physician.  He  was  consulted  by  all  ranks  and  pro- 
fessions—  Franks,  Greeks,  Armenians,  Jews,  and  Turks. 
In  this  instance  they  forgot  that  he  was  an  unbeliever, 
remitted  of  their  usual  contempt  for  strangers,  and  not 
only  beheld  him  with  respect,  but  courted  his  friendship, 
and  placed  unlimited  confidence  in  his  opinion.  The 
pasha  of  Aleppo  particularly  distinguished  him,  and 
this  intimacy  enabled  the  doctor  to  render  important 
services  to  the  factory.  Dr.  Russell  returned  to  England 
in  February,  1755,  and  in  that  year  published  his 


ROYAL   COLLEGE  OF   PHYSICIANS.  231 

"  Natural  History  of  Aleppo,"  4to.3  a  work  of  standard 
authority  and  acknowledged  merit,  to  the  preparation 
of  which  he  was  mainly  incited  by  his  friend  and  corre- 
spondent, Dr.  Fothergill.  His  character  was  at  once 
established  by  this  work,  and  he  determined  on  settling 
in  the  metropolis.  In  1757,  when  the  government  was 
alarmed  with  the  report  that  plague  had  broken  out  at 
Lisbon,  and  was  solicitous  to  take  every  precaution  to 
prevent  its  importation  into  this  country,  Dr.  Russell 
received  orders  to  attend  the  Privy  Council.  To  the 
questions  proposed  to  him  he  gave  such  pertinent  and 
satisfactory  answers,  that  he  was  desired  to  communi- 
cate in  writing  his  information,  and  the  method  he  pro- 
posed to  prevent  the  spreading  of  that  disease.  Some 
time  before  this  he  had  graduated  doctor  of  medicine 
at  Glasgow ;  he  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  30th  September,  1760,  and  in  that 
year  was  elected  physician  to  St.  Thomas's  hospital. 
He  continued  in  this  office  to  the  time  of  his  death, 
"  an  example  of  diligence  and  humanity  to  the  sick,  of 
great  medical  abilities  as  a  physician,  and,  as  a  gentle- 
man, irreproachable."  His  death,  which  occurred  at 
his  house  in  Walbrook,  on  the  28th  November,  1768, 
was  caused  by  a  putrid  fever,  which,  notwithstanding 
the  utmost  endeavours  of  Dr.  Pitcairn  and  his  attached 
friend  Dr.  Fothergill,  carried  him  off  on  the  ninth  day. 
"  In  respect  of  stature,  Dr.  Russell  was  rather  tall  than 
middling,  well  made,  of  a  fresh,  sanguine  complexion, 
grave  in  his  deportment,  cheerful  in  conversation,  active 
in  the  business  of  his  profession,  and  sagacious  ;  an  at- 
tentive and  diligent  observer,  clear  in  his  intentions, 
manly  in  his  prescriptions,  and  in  his  conduct  to  the 
sick  benevolent  and  discreet."*  His  portrait  by  Dance 
was  engraved  by  Trotter. 

THOMAS  HEALDE,  M.D.,  was  of  Trinity  college,  Cam- 
bridge, and  as  a  member  of  that  house  proceeded  M.B. 

*  An  Essay  on  the  Character  of  Alexander  Russell,  M.D.,  by  J. 
Fothergill,  M.D. 


232  ROLL  OF  THE  [1761 

1749  ;  M.D.  1754.  He  settled  first  in  the  small  town 
of  Witham,  in  Essex  ;  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  22nd  December,  1759  ;  and  a 
Fellow,  22nd  December,  1760.  He  delivered  the  Gul- 
stonian  lectures,  in  1763,  and  the  Harveian  oration  in 
1765.  In  1767  Dr.  Healde  left  Witham,  and  removed 
to  London  ;  he  was  Censor  1769,  1771  ;  Croonian  lec- 
turer, 1770,  1784,  1785,  and  1786  ;  and  was  appointed 
Lumleian  lecturer  22nd  December,  1786,  an  office  he 
continued  to  hold  till  his  death.  He  was  elected  phy- 
sician to  the  London  hospital  20th  June,  1770 ;  a  fel- 
low of  the  Royal  Society  28th  June,  1770  ;  and  about 
the  same  time  was  appointed  Gresham  professor  of 
physic.  He  died  the  26th  March,  1789,  in  very  reduced 
circumstances,  leaving  his  widow  and  family  in  the 
greatest  destitution.  At  the  Comitia  Majora  of  25th 
June,  1789,  100Z.  was  voted  as  "  a  bounty  granted  by 
the  College  to  the  widow  and  family  of  Dr.  Healde." 
Mrs.  Healde  became  a  pensioner  on  the  Society  for  the 
relief  of  the  widows  and  orphans  of  medical  men,  and 
thenceforward  for  many  years  acted  in  the  capacity  of 
midwife.  Dr.  Healde  was  the  author  of  two  papers  on 
"The  Use  of  Oleum  Asphalti,"  8vo.  Lond.  1769  ;  and 
of  the  "  New  Pharmacopoeia  of  the  Royal  College  of 
Physicians,  translated,  &c."  8vo.  Lond.  1788. 

MICHAEL  MORRIS,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine  of 
Rheims  of  23rd  July,  1750  ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate 
of  the  College  of  Physicians  1 6th  March,  1761.  He  was 
elected  physician  to  the  Westminster  hospital  in  1761, 
and  retained  his  office  for  thirty  years — a  longer  period 
than  any  of  his  predecessors.  He  died  29th  May,  1791. 
He  was  also  physician  to  the  army,  a  fellow  of  the  Royal 
Society,  and  the  author  of  some  papers  in  the  "  Medical 
Observations  and  Inquiries." 

THOMAS  DIMSDALE,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  John 
Dimsdale,  by  his  wife  Sarah,  daughter  of  Thomas  Bow- 
yer,  of  Albury  hall,  near  Hertford,  and  was  born  at 


1761]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  233 

Theydon  Gernon,  co.  Essex,  where  his  father  practised 
as  a  surgeon.  His  family  were  Quakers,  and  his  grand- 
father Robert  Dimsdale/  had  been  the  companion  of 
Penn  in  America.  After  studying  at  St.  Thomas's  hos- 
pital he  settled  at  Hertford,  which  he  quitted  in  1745, 
when  he  engaged  himself  as  surgeon  to  the  army,  and 
went  through  the  whole  of  the  Scotch  campaign.  On 
the  taking  of  Carlisle,  he  determined  to  return  to  Hert- 
ford and  practise  as  a  physician.  He  obtained  a  diplo- 
ma from  King's  college,  Aberdeen,  dated  3rd  July,  1761 , 
creating  him  doctor  of  medicine;  and  on  the  28th  of 
August  following  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of 
the  CoUege  of  Physicians  of  London.  He  devoted  much 
of  his  attention  to  small-pox  inoculation,  and  in  1767 
published  "  The  Present  Method  of  Inoculating  for  the 
Small-pox,  to  which  are  added  some  experiments  insti- 
tuted with  a  view  to  discover  the  effects  of  a  similar 
treatment  in  the  Natural  Small-pox."  8vo.  Lond.  ;  a 
work  which  became  very  popular,  and  in  the  course  of 
three  years  ran  through  at  least  seven  large  editions. 
The  reputation  which  he  attained  in  this  department 
recommended  him  to  the  notice  of  the  empress  Cathe- 
rine of  Russia,  at  whose  request  he  visited  St.  Peters- 
burgh  in  1768.  His  successful  inoculation  of  the 
empress  herself,  and  of  her  son  the  grand  duke,  was 
rewarded  with  the  rank  of  baron  of  the  empire,  coun- 
sellor of  state,  and  physician  to  the  empress,  besides  a 
pension  of  500Z.  per  annum  and  a  present  of  J  2,000/. 
He  had  also  permission  to  add  to  his  arms  a  wing  of 
the  Russian  eagle,  in  a  gold  shield,  with  the  customary 
helmet,  adorned  with  a  baron's  coronet  over  the  shield. 
His  son,  who  had  accompanied  him,  shared  his  honours, 
and  was  presented  by  the  empress  with  a  gold  snuff- 
box set  with  diamonds.  He  returned  to  England,  and 
for  some  time  continued  to  practise  at  Hertford.  He 
was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  llth  May, 
1769.  In  1776  he  published  "  Thoughts  on  General 
and  Partial  Inoculation;"  and,  two  years  after,  "Ob- 
servations on  the  Introduction  to  the  Plan  of  the  DLs- 


234  ROLL  OF   THE  [1761 

pensary  for  General  Inoculation."  This  involved  him 
in  a  controversy  with  Dr.  Lettsom,  into  the  particulars 
of  which  it  is  not  necessary  to  enter.  Dr.  or  Baron 
Dimsdale,  as  he  was  now  called,  some  time  after  this 
opened  a  banking  house  in  Cornhill,  in  partnership 
with  his  sons  and  the  Barnards,  which  still  flourishes. 
In  1780  he  was  elected  member  of  parliament  for  the 
borough  of  Hertford,  and  then  declined  all  practice 
except  for  the  relief  of  the  poor.  He  went  once  more, 
however,  to  Russia  in  1781,  when  he  inoculated  the 
emperor  and  his  brother  Constantine,  and,  as  he  passed 
through  Brussels,  the  emperor  Joseph  received  him 
with  great  consideration.  In  1790  he  resigned  his 
seat  in  parliament,  and  passed  some  winters  at  Bath  ; 
but  at  length  returned  to  Hertford,  where  he  died, 
30th  December,  1800,'*  aged  eighty-nine.  He  was 
buried  in  the  Quakers'  burial  ground  at  Bishops  Stort- 
ford.  An  engraved  portrait  of  him  by  Ridley  is  ex- 
tant. 

CHARLES  BROWN,  M.D.,  was  educated  at  Edinburgh, 
where  he  took  the  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  in 
1755  (D.M.I,  de  Morbillis).  He  was  admitted  an 
Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  llth 
September,  1761,  and  practised  at  Newcastle-upon- 
Tyne,  to  the  infirmary  in  which  town  he  was  for  many 
years  physician. 

RICHARD  TYSON,  M.D.,  was  of  Oriel  college,  Oxford, 
A.B.  13th  October,  1750  ;  A.M.  5th  July,  1753;  M.B. 
30th  April,  1756  ;  and  M.D.  15th  January,  1760.  He 
was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
30th  September,  1760  ;  and  a  Fellow,  3 Oth  September, 
1761  ;  was  Censor  in  1763,  1768,  1773,  1776  ;  Regis- 
trar from  1774  to  1780  inclusive;  and  Elect,  25th 
March,  1782.  On  the  9th  August,  1784,  he  fell  down 
in  a  fit,  and  as  two  of  his  servants  were  carrying  him 
up  stairs  to  put  him  to  bed  he  expired  in  their  arms. 
*  Rose's  Biographical  Dictionary. 


1762]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  235 

Dr.  Tyson  was  physician  to  St.  Bartholomew's  hospital, 
to  which  office  he  was  elected  5th  February,  1762.  His 
portrait  is  in  the  College.  To  him  the  College  are  in- 
debted for  the  portrait  of  his  great-uncle,  Dr.  Edward 
Tyson,  which  he  presented  25th  June,  1764. 

WILLIAM  NORFORD  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  26th  November,  1761. 
He  practised  successively  at  Halesworth  in  Suffolk,  and 
at  Bury  St.  Edmunds,  and  died  in  1793,  aged  seventy- 
five.  His  portrait,  by  G.  Ralph,  was  engraved  in  1788 
by  J.  Singleton.  He  was  the  author  of — 

An  Essay  on  the  Treatment  of  Cancerous  Tumours.  8vo.  Lond. 
1753. 

Concisas  et  Practices  Observationes  de  Intermittentibus  Febribus 
Curandis.  4to.  Bartas.  1780. 

JAMES  VAUGHAN,  M.D. — This  estimable  man  and 
sound  practical  physician  (the  father  of  four  sons  of 
distinguished  eminence  in  their  respective  professions, 
the  elder  of  whom  was  Sir  Henry  Halford,  the  Pre- 
sident of  the  College  of  Physicians),  was  the  son  of 
Henry  Vaughan,  a  surgeon  at  Leominster,  where  he 
was  born  and  baptised  in  1740.  He  began  the  study 
of  medicine  at  Worcester  under  Dr.  John  Wall,  and 
then  went  to  Edinburgh,  where  he  took  the  degree 
of  doctor  of  medicine  in  June,  1762  (D.M.I,  de  Polypo 
Cordis)  ;  and  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  8th  September,  1762.  Dr.  Vau- 
ghan then  settled  at  Leicester,  where  he  practised  with 
great  success  and  reputation  for  nearly  forty  years.  He 
was  physician  to  the  Leicester  infirmary,  and,  as  I  was 
informed  by  one  who  was  his  contemporary  at  Leicester, 
and  knew  him  well, — the  late  Dr.  Robert  Bree, — was  a 
practitioner  of  no  ordinary  attainments.  Acute  percep- 
tion, accurate  observation,  and  a  just  appreciation  of 
the  practically  important  circumstances  of  disease,  were 
his  medical  characteristics,  to  which  were  added  a  well- 
founded  reliance  in  the  efficacy  of  medicine,  and  no  or- 


236  ROLL  OF  THE  [1702 

dinary  skill  in  its  adaptation  to  the  special  requirements 
of  the  case  before  him.  His  doses  of  medicine  are  said 
to  have  been  large,  but  they  were  administered  with  a 
confidence  and  success  which  afforded  ample  proof  of  his 
sagacity  and  their  correctness.  Dr.  Vaughan  married 
Hester,  the  second  daughter  of  William  Smalley,  esq., 
alderman  of  Leicester,  by  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  sir 
Richard  Halford,  bart.,  of  Wistow,  co.  Leicester.  He 
had  six  sons,  viz.  :— 

1.  James,  who  died  29th  May,  1788,  in  the  twenty- 
third  year  of  his  age. 

2.  Sir  Henry  Halford,  bart.,G.C.H.  M.D.,  President 
of  the  College  of  Physicians,  to  be  mentioned  in  a  sub- 
sequent page. 

3.  The  Right  Honourable  Sir  John  Vaughan,  knt., 
one  of  the  judges  of  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas,  a  privy 
councillor,  D.C.L.,  &c.,  &c. 

4.  The  Very  Reverend  Peter  Vaughan,  D.D.,  dean 
of  Chester,  and  warden  of  Merton  college,  Oxford. 

5.  The    Right    Honourable    Sir    Charles     Richard 
Vaughan,  G.C.H.,  formerly  envoy  extraordinary  to  the 
United  States  of  America,  and  a  privy  councillor. 

6.  The  Reverend  Edward  Vaughan,  vicar  of  St.  Mar- 
tin's, Leicester,  and  the  author  of  several  valuable  pub- 
lications on  religious  subjects. 

To  each  of  these  Dr.  Vaughan  gave  a  most  liberal 
education.  When  his  sons  attained  the  age  at  which 
their  education  should  commence,  Dr.  Vaughan  had  al- 
ready acquired  a  moderate  competency,  and  he  deter- 
mined for  the  future  to  apply  the  whole  of  his  annual 
professional  receipts  to  their  education,  trusting  that 
they  would  reap  the  harvest  by  success  in  their  re- 
spective professions.  All  his  sons  were  educated  at 
Rugby,  and  five  of  them  received  a  complete  university 
education — the  four  elder  at  Oxford,  and  the  youngest 
at  Cambridge.  The  gratitude  of  his  sons  for  this  act 
of  self-denial  and  confidence  in  their  exertions  was  un- 
bounded ;  and  Sir  Henry  Halford,  in  a  biographical  sketch 
of  his  brother,  Mr.  Justice  Vaughan,  thus  feelingly 


1762  j      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        237 

expressed  himself :  "  All  the  sons  of  the  late  Dr.  Vau- 
ghan,  of  Leicester,  acknowledge  with  deep  and  sincere 
gratitude  their  father's  generosity,  as  well  as  his  pru- 
dence in  resolving  as  he  did  to  lay  out  the  annual  pro- 
duce of  his  profession  in  affording  them  the  advantage 
of  a  liberal  education,  whereby  they  might  be  enabled 
to  make  their  own  fortunes,  rather  than  to  accumulate 
resources  not  to  be  made  available  for  any  purposes  of 
theirs  until  his  death.  He  sent  four  of  them  therefore 
to  Oxford  when  they  had  left  Rugby  school,  and  the 
youngest  subsequently  to  Cambridge — and  not  one  of 
them  asked  or  received  further  pecuniary  assistance 
from  him  after  he  had  finished  his  education,  and  com- 
menced his  own  efforts  to  provide  for  himself.  The 
success  of  these  brothers  in  their  several  callings,  with 
the  distinctions  acquired  by  each  of  them,  has  abund- 
antly justified  their  parent's  sagacity  and  his  liberality, 
and  we  record  the  anecdote  with  pleasure,  as  furnish- 
ing a  good  and  useful  example  of  the  result  of  so  much 
prudence  and  so  generous  a  self-denial."  I  may  add,  that 
Dr.  Vaughan  survived  not  only  to  be  a  witness  of  the 
success  and  eminence  of  Sir  Henry  Halford,  but  to  re- 
ceive from  him  for  several  years  an  annuity  of  300Z.  in 
augmentation  of  his  own  pecuniary  resources.  Dr. 
Vaughan  died  at  Leicester  on  the  19th  August,  1813, 
in  the  seventy-fifth  year  of  his  age.  He  was  buried  at 
Wistow,  where  a  tablet,  erected  by  Sir  Henry  Halford, 
commemorates  him  thus  : 

Sacred  to  the  memory  of 
JAMBS  VAUGHAN,  M.D.  and  of  Hester  his  wife, 

who  are  interred  beneath  this  Tablet. 
James  Vaughan  was  descended  from  a  respectable  family  in 

Herefordshire, 

and  practised  physic  in  Leicester  about  forty  years, 
with  that  facility  and  success  which  a  quick  perception,  a  sound 

judgment, 
and  a  perfect  knowledge  of  the  resources  of  his  art  were  calculated 

to  command. 

He  died  Aug.  the  19th,  1813,  in  the  75th  year  of  his  age. 
HESTER  VAUGHAN  was  the  second  daughter  of  William  Smalley,  esq. 

of  Leicester, 


ROLL   OF   THE  [1702 

by  Elizabeth  his  wife,  daughter  of  Sir  Richard  Halford,  bart. 

of  this  place, 

and  was  one  of  the  gentlest  and  most  amiable  of  women. 
She  died  April  the  2nd,  1791,  in  the  51st  year  of  her  age. 
By  this  connection  with  the  house  of  Wistow,  and  by  the 

kind  distinction 

of  Sir  Charles  Halford,  bart.  the  last  male  heir  of  the  Halfords, 
Henry,  eldest  surviving  son  of  James  and  Hester  Vaughan, 

succeeded  to 
the  possessions  of  that  ancient  and  loyal  family. 

A  portrait  of  Dr.  Vaughan  is  in  the  great  hall  of 
the  mansion  at  Wistow.  The  doctor  was  the  author 
of— 

Cases  and  Observations  on  the  Hydrophobia,  with  an  account  of 
the  Caesarian  Section,  &c.  8yo.  Leicester.  1778. 

SIR  EDWARD  BARRY,  BART.,  M.D.,  was  admitted  a 
scholar  of  Trinity  college,  Dublin,  in  1716,  proceeded 
A.B.  in  1717,  and  on  the  25th  April,  1718,  being  then 
twenty-two  years  of  age,  was  entered  on  the  physic 
line  at  Leyden,  where  he  graduated  doctor  of  medicine 
in  1719  (D.M.I.  de  Nutritione).  He  proceeded  M.B. 
at  Trinity  college,  Dublin,  in  the  spring  of  1740  ;  M.  D. 
8th  July,  1740.  He  practised  for  some  time  in  Dublin. 
He  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the  King  and  Queen's 
College  of  Physicians  26th  July,  1740,  was  Censor  of 
that  body  in  1740,  1741,  1750,  1751,  President  1749, 
and  Treasurer  1750.  On  the  18th  May,  1761,  he  re- 
quested permission  to  resign  his  fellowship,  when  he 
was  placed  on  the  list  of  honorary  fellows.  He  was 
incorporated  at  Oxford  on  his  Dublin  degree  30th  June, 
1761,  and  the  same  day  received  from  the  university  a 
licence  to  practise.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  of  London  30th  September,  1761  ; 
a  Fellow,30th  September,  1762,  and  was  Censor  in  1763. 
He  was  created  a  baronet  about  the  year  1775,  and 
died  on  the  27th  March,  1776.  Sir  Edward  Barry  was 
a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society,  physician-general  to  the 
forces  in  Ireland,  and  professor  of  physic  in  the  uni- 
versity of  Dublin.  His  eldest  son,  Sir  Nathaniel 


1762]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  2;i9 

Barry,  bart.,  M.D.,  was  a  distinguished  physician  in 
Dublin.  A  fine  portrait  of  him  by  Sir  Joshua  Reynolds 
is  in  the  King  and  Queen's  College  of  Physicians.  Sir 
Edward  Barry  was  the  author  of — 

A  Treatise  on  the  three  different  Digestions  and  Discharges  of 
the  Human  Body,  and  the  Diseases  of  their  principal  organs.  8vo. 
Lond.  1759. 

Observations,  Historical,  Critical,  and  Medical,  on  the  Wines  of 
the  Ancients,  and  the  Analogy  between  them  and  the  Modern 
"Wines.  4to.  Lond.  1775. 

SIR  JOHN  ELLIOT,  BART.,  M.D.,  was  of  obscure  parent- 
age, and  was  born  at  Peebles,  in  Scotland.  After  a 
tolerable  education,  he  became  the  assistant  to  an  apo- 
thecary in  London,,  and  then  went  to  sea  as  surgeon  of 
a  privateer.  Being  fortunate  in  obtaining  prize-money, 
he  determined  on  practising  in  London  as  a  physician. 
He  obtained  a  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  from  the 
university  of  St.  Andrew's  6th  November,  1759;  and 
was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
30th  September,  1762.  Assisted  by  the  patronage  of 
Sir  William  Duncan,  M.D.,  he  soon  got  into  good 
business,  and  is  said  to  have  acquired  a  professional 
income  of  5,000/.  a  year.  He  was  knighted  in  1776, 
an  honour  which  is  supposed  to  have  been  due  to  the 
influence  of  lord  Sackville  and  Madam  Schwellenberg. 
He  was  intimate  with  persons  of  rank  as  well  as  with 
many  of  the  first  literary  characters  of  the  metropolis, 
and  was  countenanced  by  the  heir-apparent  to  the  crown, 
who  appointed  him  one  of  his  physicians  in  ordinary. 
He  was  subsequently  created  a  baronet. *  He  died  7th 
November,  1786,  and  was  the  author  of — 

Philosophical  Observations  on  the  Senses  of  Vision  and  Hearing. 
8vo.  Lond.  1780. 

*  It  is  of  Sir  John  Elliot  that  the  following  anecdote  is  recorded : 
"  When  lord  G.  Germain  requested  George  III.  to  confer  the  title 
of  baronet  on  Elliot  who  had  never  been  a  favourite  of  the  king, 
his  Majesty  manifested  much  unwillingness,  saying  at  length,  '  But 
if  I  do  he  shall  not  be  my  physician.'  '  No,  sire,'  replied  his  lord- 
ship, '  he  shall  be  your  Majesty's  baronet  and  my  physician.'  This 
excited  the  royal  smile,  and  the  title  was  conferred." 


240  ROLL   OF  THE  [1762 

Essays  on  Physiological  Subjects.     8vo.  Lond.  1780. 

Address  to  the  Public  on  a  subject  of  the  utmost  importance  to 
Health.  8vo.  Lond.  1780. 

A  complete  Collection  of  the  Medical  and  Philosophical  Works 
of  John  Fothergill,  M.D.,  with  an  Account  of  his  Life  and  Occa- 
sional Notes.  8vo.  Lond.  1781. 

The  Medical  Pocket  Bonk.     18mo.  Lond.  1781. 

An  Account  of  the  Principal  Mineral  Waters  of  Great  Britain 
and  Ireland.  8vo.  Lond.  1781. 

Elements  of  the  Branches  of  Natural  Philosophy  connected  with 
Medicine.  8vo.  Lond.  1782. 

WILKINSON  BLANSHARD,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  Wil- 
kinson Blanshard,  of  York,  attorney-atJaw,  and  was 
baptized  at  St.  Mary's,  Castlegate,  in  that  city,  1st 
February,  1733-4.  He  was  admitted  a  pensioner  of 
Queen's  college,  Cambridge,  4th  July,  1751,  and  as  a 
member  of  that  house  proceeded  M.B.  1756  ;  M.D.  30th 
July,  1761.  Admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  30th  September,  1761  ;  and  a  Fellow  22nd 
December,  1762;  he  was  Censor  in  1765,  and  Harveian 
orator  in  1766.  He  was  elected  physician  to  St. 
George's  hospital  27th  May,  1766,  and  retained  that 
office  until  his  death,  which  occurred  on  the  5th 
January,  1770. 

THOMAS  DAWSON,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  Eli  Dawson, 
who  was  the  youngest  son  of  the  Rev.  Joseph  Daw- 
son,  of  Thornton,  co.  York,  ejected  under  the  Act  of 
Uniformity  in  1662.  He  was  educated  as  a  dissent- 
ing minister,  and  for  some  time  performed  the  duties  of 
that  office  at  a  meeting-house  in  the  Gravel  Pit  at 
Hackney.  Devoting  himself,  however,  to  the  study  of 
physic,  he  graduated  doctor  of  medicine  at  Glasgow  8th 
June,  1753  (D.M.I,  de  Aquis  Mineralibus  Medicatis); 
and  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Phy- 
sicians 22nd  December,  1762.  In  his  new  capacity  of 
physician,  he  was  called  to  attend  Miss  Corbett,  of 
Hackney.  He  found  the  lady  one  day  sitting  alone, 
piously  and  pensively  musing  upon  the  Bible,  when 
by  some  strange  accident  his  eyes  were  directed  to  the 


1762]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  241 

passage  where  Nathan  says  to  David,  "Thou  art  the 
man."  The  doctor  profited  by  the  kind  hint,  and  after 
a  proper  time  allowed  for  drawing  up  articles  of  capitu- 
lation, the  lady  surrendered,  and  they  were  married 
29th  May,  1758.*  Dr.  Dawson  was  elected  physician 
to  the  Middlesex  hospital  1st  February,  1759,  but  re- 
signed his  office  there  3rd  February,  1761.  He  was 
elected  physician  to  the  London  hospital  3rd  October, 
1764,  and  resigned  that  appointment  5th  September, 
1770.  Dr.  Dawson,  who  died  29th  April,  1782,  was 
the  author  of — 

Cases  in  the  Acute  Rheumatism  and  the  Gout.     8vo.  Lond.  1774. 
An  Account  of  a  safe  and  efficient  Remedy  for  Sore  Eyes  and  Eye- 
lids.    8vo.  Lond.  1782. 

HUGH  SMITH,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine  of  Edin- 
burgh, of  22nd  April,  1755  (D.M.I  de  Sanguinis  Mis- 
sion e)  ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  22nd  December,  1762.  He  was  elected  phy- 
sician to  the  Middlesex  hospital  5th  August,  1756,  and 
resigned  that  office  9th  August,  1764.  To  him  belongs 
the  credit  of  having  first  delivered  clinical  lectures  in 
that  hospital.  The  permission  to  do  so  was  sought  from 
the  governors  on  the  28th  June,  1757,  and  was  conceded 
on  the  4th  of  August  following.  At  the  time  of  Dr. 
Smith's  death,  which  occurred  at  Stratford,  Essex,  26th 
December,  1790,  he  was  alderman  of  Tower  ward.  He 
was  buried  in  the  church  of  West  Ham,  in  the  north 
aisle  of  which  a  monument  was  erected  to  his  memory. 
He  published — 

Essays  Physiological  and  Practical,  on  the  Nature  and  Circulation 
of  the  Blood,  and  on  the  Effects  and  Use  of  Blood-letting.  12mo. 
Lond.  1761. 

Formulae  Medicamentorum  in  varias  Medendi  Intentiones  concin- 
natee.  12mo.  Lond.  1763. 

Medicamentorum  Formulae,  or  a  Compendium  of  the  Modern 
Practice  of  Physic.  12mo.  Lond.  1768. 

JOHN  BEICKENDEN,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine  of 

*  Nichol's  Literary  Anecdotes,  vol.  ix,  p.  694. 
VOL.  II.  R 


242  ROLL  OF  THE  [1762 

Edinburgh,  of  16th  May,  1759  (D.M.I,  de  Radice  Scil- 
\se),  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Phy- 
sicians 22nd  December,  1762.  He  practised  for  a  short 
time  at  Leicester,  but  in  1765  removed  to  London,  and 
in  that  year  was  elected  physician  to  the  Westminster 
hospital,  an  appointment  which  he  continued  to  hold 
until  his  death  in  1774  or  1775. 

RICHARD  WARREN,  M.D.  was  born  on  the  13th  De- 
cember, 1731,  and  was  the  third  son  of  the  Rev.  Dr. 
Richard  Warren,  archdeacon  of  Suffolk,  and  rector  of 
Cavendish  in  that  county,  a  divine  of  great  eminence 
and  an  accomplished  scholar,  one  of  the  antagonists  of 
bishop  Hoadley  in  the  controversy  respecting  the  eu- 
charist,  and  the  editor  of  the  Greek  commentary  of 
Hierocles  upon  the  Golden  Verses  of  Pythagoras.  The 
younger  Warren  was  educated  at  the  grammar  school 
of  Bury  St.  Edmund's,  whence,  in  the  year  1748,  im- 
mediately after  his  father's  death,  he  removed  to  Jesus 
college,  Cambridge.  Warren  was  one  of  those  rare  cha- 
racters which  distinguish  themselves  equally  during  the 
period  of  education  and  in  the  more  trying  scenes  of 
mature  life.  At  this  moment  his  means  of  support 
were  scanty,  and  the  prejudices  which  then  prevailed 
among  certain  members  of  the  university  were  not  cal- 
culated to  encourage  or  smooth  the  progress  of  the  son 
of  an  able  Tory.  Young  Warren,  however,  overcame 
every  difficulty  of  his  position,  and  his  name  was  fourth 
on  the  list  of  wranglers  in  the  year  of  his  degree  1752. 
He  was  elected  to  a  fellowship  of  his  college — he  ob- 
tained the  prize  to  middle  bachelors  for  Latin  prose 
composition,  and  the  following  year  that  for  senior  ba- 
chelors. On  obtaining  his  fellowship  at  Jesus  college 
the  church  naturally  offered  itself  as  his  profession,  but 
his  inclination  was  for  the  law.  Whilst  in  this  state  of 
doubt,  the  son  of  Dr.  Peter  Shaw,  an  eminent  London 
physician,  was  entered  at  Jesus  college,  and  placed 
under  his  tuition.  The  acquaintance  thus  formed  de- 
termined his  lot  in  life,  for  the  talents  of  the  tutor  were 


17G3]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  243 

not  lost  on  Dr.  Shaw,  who  soon  took  a  warm  interest 
in  his  pursuits,  strongly  recommended  him  to  pursue 
the  study  of  medicine,  and  predicted  that  should  he 
do  so  he  would  rank  with  the  first  physicians  of  his 
country.  Finally,  in  proof  of  his  esteem  and  affection, 
Dr.  Shaw  gave  him  the  hand  of  his  daughter  Elizabeth 
in  1759.  He  proceeded  A.M.  1755;  M.D.  3rd  July, 
1 762  ;  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Phy- 
sicians 30th  September,  1762 ;  and,  having  produced 
the  warrant  by  which  he  was  made  physician  in  ordinary 
to  the  king,  a  Fellow,  3rd  March,  1763.  He  delivered 
the  Gulstonian  lectures  in  1764,  and  the  Harveian 
oration  in  1768;  was  Censor  in  1764,  1776,  1782; 
and  was  named  an  Elect  9th  August,  1784.  On  the 
5th  August,  1 756,  having  at  that  time  a  licence  adprac- 
ticandum  from  the  university  of  Cambridge,  he  was 
elected  physician  to  the  Middlesex  hospital,  and  on  the 
21st  January,  1760,  physician  to  St.  George's  hospital  ; 
the  former  appointment  he  resigned  in  November,  1758, 
the  latter  in  May,  1766. 

Dr.  Warren's  progress  as  a  physician  was  unusually 
rapid.  Not  only  had  he  the  influence  and  recommenda- 
tion of  his  father-in-law  Dr.  Shaw  to  advance  his  in- 
terests, but  those  also  of  Sir  Edward  Wilmot.  Shortly 
after  he  commenced  practice,  Sir  Edward,  then  physi- 
cian to  the  court  and  much  employed  among  the  nobility, 
was  in  attendance  on  the  princess  Amelia,  daughter  of 
George  the  Second.  Sir  Edward,  then  advanced  in 
years  and  looking  to  retirement,  proposed  Dr.  Warren 
as  an  assistant,  to  attend  to  the  more  minute  and  ardu- 
ous duties  required  by  the  princess,  who  was  subject  to 
sudden  seizures  that  created  alarm.  At  the  commence- 
ment of  his  professional  career,  Dr.  Warren,  during 
three  summers,  went  to  Tunbridge  Wells,  and  on  two 
of  these  occasions  her  royal  highness  visited  that  water- 
ing place  under  his  care.  On  the  retirement  of  Sir 
Edward  Wilmot,  Dr.  Warren  continued  physician  to 
the  princess,  and  one  of  the  rewards  bestowed  upon 
him  was  the  appointment  of  physician  to  George  III, 

R  2 


244  ROLL   OF   THE 

which  was  procured  for  him  by  her  royal  highness'  in- 
fluence on  the  resignation  of  his  father-in-law,  Dr.  Shaw. 
"  Dr.  Warren's  eminence  is  not  to  be  ascribed,  however, 
to  mere  patronage,  nor  to  singularity  of  doctrine,  nor 
to  the  arts  of  a  showy  address,  nor  to  any  capricious 
revolution  of  Fortune's  wheel ;  it  was  the  just  and 
natural  attainment  of  great  talents.  These  talents, 
indeed,  cannot  be  subjected  to  the  scrutiny  of  literary 
criticism,  because  he  was  too  eagerly  engrossed  by 
pressing  occupations  to  find  leisure  sufficient  to  commit 
many  of  his  observations  to  paper ;  but  the  accuracy  of 
his  prognosis,  and  his  fine  sagacity,  survive  in  the  recol- 
lection of  a  few.  His  ready  memory  presented  to  him 
on  every  emergency  the  extensive  stores  of  his  know- 
ledge ;  and  that  solidity  of  judgment  which  regulated 
their  application  to  the  case  before  him  would  have 
equally  enabled  him  to  outstrip  competition  in  any  de- 
partment of  science  and  art.  He  was  one  among  the 
first  of  his  professional  brethren  who  departed  from  the 
formalities  which  had  long  rendered  medicine  a  favourite 
theme  of  ridicule  with  the  wits  who  happened  to  enjoy 
health.  He  was  one  of  the  few  great  characters  of  his 
time  whose  popularity  was  not  the  fruit  of  party  favour. 
Without  any  sacrifice  of  independence  he  gained  the 
suffrages  of  men  of  every  class,  as  well  as  the  more  diffi- 
cult applause  of  his  own  fraternity.  He  enjoyed  the 
friendship  of  many  distinguished  men,  and  among  others 
of  lord  North ;  his  conversation,  indeed,  was  peculiarly 
fitted  to  conciliate  every  variety  of  age  and  of  tempera- 
ment. The  cheerfulness  of  his  own  nature,  and  the 
power  which  he  possessed  of  infusing  it  into  others, 
enabled  him  to  exercise  over  his  patients  an  authority 
very  beneficial  to  themselves  ;  and  in  this  respect,  as  in 
some  others,  he  has  left  an  instructive  example  to  future 
professors  of  medicine,  who  perhaps  do  not  always  suffi- 
ciently seek  to  inspire  the  objects  of  their  care  with  a 
train  of  animating  thoughts.  Warren  arrived  early  at 
the  highest  practice  in  this  great  metropolis,  and  main- 
tained his  supremacy  to  the  last  with  unfading  facul- 


1763]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  245 

ties.  The  amount  of  revenue  sometimes  enters  into  the 
computation  of  a  medical  character,  and  such  anecdotes 
perhaps  form  a  link  in  the  domestic  history  of  the  pro- 
fession. He  is  said  to  have  realised  9,0001.  a  year  from 
the  time  of  the  regency,  and  to  have  bequeathed  to  his 
family  above  150,000£."*  If  posterity  should  ask  what 
works  Dr.  Warren  left  behind  him  worthy  of  the  great 
reputation  he  enjoyed  during  his  lifetime,  it  must  be 
answered  that  such  was  his  constant  occupation  in  prac- 
tice among  all  classes  of  people,  from  the  highest  to  the 
lowest,  that  he  had  no  leisure  for  writing,  with  the  ex- 
ception of  a  very  few  papers  published  in  the  College 
Transactions.  But  the  unanimous  respect  in  which  he 
was  held  by  all  his  medical  brethren,  which  no  man  ever 
obtains  without  deserving  it,  fully  justifies  the  popular 
estimate  of  his  character.  To  a  sound  judgment  and 
deep  observation  of  men  and  things  he  added  various 
literary  and  scientific  attainments,  which  were  most 
advantageously  displayed  by  a  talent  for  conversation 
that  was  at  once  elegant,  easy,  and  natural.  Of  all 
men  in  the  world,  he  had  the  greatest  flexibility  of 
temper,  instantaneously  accommodating  himself  to  the 
tone  of  feeling  of  the  young,  the  old,  the  gay,  and  the 
sorrowful.  But  he  was  himself  of  a  very  cheerful  dis- 
position, and  his  manner  being  peculiarly  pleasing  to 
others,  he  possessed  over  the  minds  of  his  patients  the 
most  absolute  control ;  and  it  was  said  with  truth,  that 
no  one  ever  had  recourse  to  his  advice  as  a  physician, 
who  did  not  remain  desirous  of  gaming  his  friendship 
and  enjoying  his  society  as  a  companion.  In  interro- 
gating the  patient  he  was  apt  and  adroit ;  in  the  re- 
sources of  his  art,  quick  and  inexhaustible ;  and  when 
the  malady  was  beyond  the  reach  of  his  skill,  the  minds 
of  the  sick  were  consoled  by  his  conversation,  and  their 
cares,  anxieties,  and  fears  soothed  by  his  presence.  And 
it  may  be  mentioned  among  the  minor  qualities  which 
distinguished  Dr.  Warren,  that  no  one  more  readily 

*  Dr.  Bissett  Hawkins'  Memoir  of  Dr.  Warren,  in  Lives  of  British 
Physicians,  p.  232. 


246  ROLL  OF  THE  [17G3 

gained  the  confidence,  or  satisfied  the  scruples  of  the 
subordinate  attendants  upon  the  sick  by  the  dexterous 
employment  of  the  various  arguments  of  encouragement, 
reproof,  and  friendly  advice.*  The  height  Dr.  Warren 
had  rapidly  attained  in  his  profession  he  maintained 
with  unabated  spirit  till  his  death,  which  took  place  at 
his  house  in  Dover-street  on  the  22nd  June,  1797t ;  his 
disease  was  erysipelas  of  the  head,  which  destroyed  him 
in  his  sixty-sixth  year,  at  the  very  tune  when  the  most 
sanguine  hopes  were  entertained  of  his  recovery  by  sir 
George  Baker  and  Dr.  Pitcairn.  His  widow,  two 
daughters,  and  eight  sons  survived  him.  He  was  buried 

*  The  Gold  Headed  Cane.  2nd  Edn.  8vo.  Lond.  1728,  p.  205, 
et  seq. 

t  "  Ecquis  erat  unquam  scientia  morborum  locupletatus  magis, 
vel  magis  curatione  exercitatus;  ecquis  erat  unquam  qui  suavi  ilia 
sermonis  et  morum  humanitate,  quee  in  ipso  remediorum  loco  haberi 
potest,  ecquis  erat  unquam  qui  Warrenum  superabat  ?  Erat  illi 
ingenii  vis  maxuma,  perceptio  et  comprehensio  celerrima,  judicium 
acre,  memoria  perceptorum  tenacissima.  Meministis,  Socii,  quam 
subtiliter  et  uno  quasi  intuitu  res  omnes  segrotantium  perspiceret 
penitus  et  intelligeret !  in  interrogando  quam  aptus  esset  et  oppor- 
tnnus,  quam  promptus  in  expediendo  !  Omnia  etenim  artis  subsidia 
statim  illi  in  mentem  veniebant,  et  nihil  ei  novum,  nihil  inauditum 
videbatur.  In  ea  autem  facultate  qua  corsolamur  afflictos  et  de- 
ducimus  perterritos  a  timore,  qua  languidos  incitamus,  et  erigimus 
depresses,  omnium  Medicorum  facile  princeps  fuit :  et  si  qui  medi- 
camentis  non  cessissent  dolores,  permulcebat  eos,  et  consopiebat  hor- 
tationibus  et  alloquio. 

stetit  urna  paulum 
Sicca,  dum  grato  Danai  puellas 
Carmine  mulcet. 

"  Verum  ea  est  quodammodo  artis  nostrse  conditio,  ut  Medicus, 
quamvis  sit  eruditus,  quamvis  sit  acer  et  acutus  in  cogitando,  quam- 
vis  sit  ad  prsecipiendum  expeditus,  si  fuerit  idem  in  moribus  ac 
voluntatibus  civium  suornm  nospes,  parum  ei  proderit  oleum  operam- 
que  inter  calamos  et  scrinia  consumpsisse.  Warrenus  autem  in 
omni  vitae  et  studiorum  decursu,  si  quis  unquam  alius,  Pallade 
dextra  usus  est.  atque  omnium  quibuscum  rem  agebat  mentes  sen- 
susque  gustavit ;  et  quid  sentirent,  quid  vellent,  quid  opinarentnr, 
quid  expectarent  arripuit,  percepit,  novit.  Tantam  denique  morum 
comitatem  et  facilitatem  habuit,  ut  nemo  eo  semel  usus  esset 
medico,  quin  socium  voluerit  et  amicum." — Oratio  Harveiana, 
Anno  MDCCC.  habita,  auctore  Henrico  Halford,  p.  12. 


1763]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        247 

at  Kensington  church,  where  a  tablet  to  his  memory  is 
thus  inscribed  : — 

RICHARDO  WARREN, 

apud  Cavendish  in  agro  Suffolciensi  nato, 
Collegii  Jesn  Cantab,  quondam  socio, 

Regis  Georgii  Tertii  medico, 

Viro  ingenio  prudentiaque  acuto, 

Optimarum  artinm  disciplinis  erudito, 

Comitatis  et  beneficentiae  laude  bonis  omnibus  commendatissimo  ^ 

qui  medicinam  feliciterque  Londini  factitavit. 

Decessit  x  Kalend.  Jul. 

Anno  Christi  MDCCXCVII. 

-<Etat.  suae  LXVII. 

Elizabetha  uxor  et  liberi  decem  superstites 
H.M.  faciendum  curaverunt. 

Two  papers  from  Dr.  Warren's  pen  are  to  be  seen  in 
the  "  Medical  Transactions."  His  portrait,  by  Gains- 
borough, is  in  the  College.  It  has  been  engraved  by 
I.  Jones.  It  was  presented  by  his  son,  Pelham  Warren, 
M.D.,  on  the  opening  of  the  College  in  Pall  Mall  East 
in  June,  1825. 

EGBERT  GLYNN  CLOBERY,  M.D.  "  This  great,  distin- 
guished, virtuous,  and  consummate  scholar  and  physi- 
cian/' of  one  of  his  eulogists  ;"*  the  "  dilectus  lapis — 

"  The  loved  lapis  on  the  banks  of  Cam ;  " 

of  another,t  was  born  on  the  5th  August,  1719,  at 
Kelland,  near  Bodmin,  co.  Cornwall,  of  an  ancient  and 
very  respectable  family,  and  was  educated  at  Eton, 
upon  the  foundation.  He  was  admitted  a  scholar  of 
King's  college,  Cambridge  in  1737  ;  subsequently  be- 
came a  fellow  of  that  society ;  and  proceeded  A.B. 
1741 ;  A.M.  1745,  and  M.D.  1758.  He  was  admitted 
a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  5th  April, 
1762,  and  a  Fellow  28th  March,  1763.  Dr.  Glynn 
commenced  practice  at  Richmond,  but  soon  returned 
to  Cambridge,  where  he  continued  to  reside  and  per- 

*  Pursuits  of  Literature,  vol.  iv,  p.  444. 

t  Jesse's  Memoirs  of  Celebrated  Etonians,  vol.  ii,  p.  86. 


248  ROLL  OF   THE  [1763 

form  the  active  duties  of  his  profession  until  his  death 
in  1800.  He  changed  his  name  from  Glynn  to  Clo- 
bery,  in  pursuance  of  the  will  of  a  relative  who  left 
him  some  property,  but  he  was  usually  addressed  and 
known  by  his  paternal  name.  His  life  was  one  uniform 
course  of  integrity  and  benevolence.  Though  his 
practice  for  a  long  series  of  years  was  very  extensive, 
and  his  establishment  confined  within  the  walls  of  a 
college,  on  a  plan  of  most  temperate  and  strict  economy, 
his  effects  scarcely  exceeded  10,000^.,  including  the 
bequest  of  his  relative.  In  what  manner  he  applied 
the  principal  part  of  his  professional  emoluments  was 
known  to  those  who  were  supported  or  assisted  by  his 
beneficence.  His  faculties  were  clear  and  vigorous 
Avithin  a  very  short  time  of  his  decease.  During  his 
illness,  sensible  of  his  gradual  decay,  he  expressed 
nothing  but  resignation  and  kindness,  and  expired 
without  a  struggle  or  a  groan  on  the  8th  of  February, 
1800,  in  the  eighty-first  year  of  his  age.  Agreeably 
to  Dr.  Glynn's  repeated  directions,  he  was  interred  in 
the  vault  of  Bang's  college  chapel  in  a  private  manner, 
between  ten  and  eleven  o'clock  at  night.  On  this  occa- 
sion, in  compliance  with  his  wishes,  the  members  of  the 
college  only  attended.  But  public  feeling  demanded 
that  some  more  eminent  mark  of  respect  should  be  paid 
to  his  memory.  The  vice-chancellor,  Dr.  Mansel,  of 
Trinity  college,  subsequently  bishop  of  Bristol,  commu- 
nicated, therefore,  to  the  gentlemen  of  the  university 
his  intention  to  accompany  the  friends  of  Dr.  Glynn,  in 
mourning,  from  Trinity  college  to  St.  Mary's  church,  on 
the  following  Sunday.  The  procession  consisted  of  the 
heads  of  houses,  the  noblemen,  and  a  numerous  body 
of  masters  of  arts.  The  sermon  on  this  occasion  was 
preached  by  the  Kev.  John  Henry  Mich  ell,  fellow  of 
King's  college.  Dr.  Glynn  bequeathed  the  bulk  of  his 
property  to  King's  college,  the  larger  portion  towards 
the  improvement  of  the  college  (on  buildings  then  in 
progress) ;  and  a  sum  to  be  annually  divided  between 
such  two  scholars  of  the  college  as  in  the  course  of  the 


1763]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        249 

year  have  been  most  distinguished  for  learning  and  re- 
gularity of  conduct.  To  mark  their  sense  of  such  muni- 
ficence, the  fellows  of  King's  college  erected  an  elegant 
tablet  on  the  south  side  of  their  chapel,  with  the  follow- 
ing inscription  : — 

M.  S. 

ROBERT:  GLTNN  CLOBERY,  M.D. 
et  veteri  in  agro  Cornubiensi  prosapia  oriundi, 

hujus  Collegii  LXIII.  annos  Socii, 
Morum  anti quorum  et  literarum  bonarum 
Cultoris,  Patroni,  Vindicis; 

qui  Collegio 

amplissimam  pecuniae  summam 

ad  studia  juventutis  promovenda, 

ad  naves  sedes  astruendas 

legavit. 
Obiit  vin.  Id.  Feb.  MDCCC.  set.  LXXXI. 

Hanc  tabulam 
in  pietatis  et  desiderii  testimonium 

P.  C. 

ex  publico  decreto 
Collegium. 

The  materials  for  composing  the  story  of  Dr.  Glynn's 
life  are  confined  to  little  more  than  brief  records  of  his 
goodness,  his  integrity,  his  benevolence,  and  the  saga- 
city and  humanity  displayed  by  him  in  the  exercise  of 
his  professional  calling.  Of  long  and  distinguished 
celebrity  in  the  university  of  Cambridge,  eminent  on 
account  of  his  abilities,  but  still  more  eminent  on  ac- 
count of  his  virtues,  this  venerable  philanthropist  con- 
tinued to  enjoy  to  the  end  of  his  days  the  heartfelt 
reverence  and  affection,  not  only  of  the  middle-aged 
and  advanced  in  years,  but  also  of  the  young.  For 
many  years  his  tea  table  was  frequented  by  young  men 
of  the  highest  rank  and  character,  who  subsequently 
attained  to  the  highest  offices  in  church  and  state. 
The  suggestions  of  his  experience  were  so  tempered  by 
the  urbanity  of  his  manners,  that  his  society  had  a 
very  visible  influence  upon  the  direction  of  their  studies 
and  conduct.  *  Dr.  Glynn's  eccentricities  were  long  re- 

*  Nichol's  Literary  Anecdotes  of  the  18th   Century,   vol.    viii, 
p.  215. 


250  ROLL   OF  THE  [1703 

membered  at  Cambridge.  He  is  said  to  have  been 
eminently  successful  as  a  practitioner,  and  was  impli- 
citly trusted  in  and  for  a  wide  circuit  around  Cam- 
bridge. In  his  practice  he  relied  much  on  counter 
irritation  and  a  "  vesicatorium  amplum  et  acre  "  (the 
phraseology  is  his  own),  was  a  part  of  the  prescription 
from  which  few  of  his  patients  suffering  under  acute 
disease  escaped  at  one  or  other  period  of  its  course. 
He  seldom  employed  either  opium  or  mercury,  and 
was  convinced  that  syphilis  might  be  cured  without 
the  last-named  medicament.  Being  taken  seriously 
ill,  when  at  some  distance  from  home,  he  sent  for  a 
neighbouring  physician,  to  whom  he  said,  "  I  am  going 
to  be  very  ill,  and  commit  myself  to  your  care,  but  on 
no  account  give  me  any  of  that  vile  drug,  opium,  or 
any  preparation  of  it."  On  his  recovery  he  said  he 
hoped  his  friend  had  complied  with  his  request,  but 
begged  he  would  inform  him  whether  he  had  given 
him  any  opium  or  not.  "If  I  had  not,"  said  his 
friend,  "  you  would  not  have  been  here  to  ask  the 
question."* 

There  is  a  fine  and  scarce  portrait  of  Dr.  Glynn  en- 
graved by  J.  G.  and  G.  S.  Facius,  after  a  drawing  by 
the  Rev.  Thomas  Kerrick,  to  whom,  as  his  friend  and 
executor,  he  bequeathed  a  handsome  legacy. 

Sm  CLIFTON  WINTRINGHAM,  BART.,  M.D.,  was  born 
at  York  in  1710,  and  was  the  son  of  Clifton  Wintring- 
ham,  an  eminent  physician  of  that  city,  by  his  first  wife 
Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Richard  Nettleton,  of  East 
Heaton,  co.  York.  He  was  educated  at  Trinity  col- 
lege, Cambridge,  as  a  member  of  which  he  proceeded 
M.B.  in  1734,  and  then  entered  the  medical  service  of 
the  army.  He  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal 
Society  13th  January,  1742-3,  proceeded  doctor  of  me- 
dicine at  Cambridge  in  1749  ;  and  was  appointed  phy- 
sician to  the  duke  of  Cumberland,  and  physician-general 
to  the  army.  In  1762  he  was  gazetted  physician  in 
*  Jesse's  Memoirs,  ut  supra. 


1763]     ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        251 

ordinary  to  George  the  ^Third.  He  was  knighted  the 
same  year  ;  and  on  the  25th  of  June,  1763,  in  sequel  to 
being  physician  in  ordinary  to  the  king,  was  admitted  a 
Fellow  of  the  College  of  Physicians.  He  served  the 
office  of  Censor  in  1770  ;  and  was  created  a  baronet  in 
1774.  In  1773  he  published  in  two  volumes  a  hand- 
some edition  of  Mead's  "  Monita  et  Prsecepta  Medica 
permultis  annotationibus  et  observationibus  illustrata," 
a  really  valuable  practical  work,  embodying  the  ripe 
experience  of  two  of  our  soundest  practical  physicians. 
His  object,  and  to  it  he  had  devoted  much  time  and 
attention,  was  to  illustrate,  confirm,  and  render  more 
precise  and  useful  Mead's  latest  and  most  matured 
work.  Sir  Clifton  Wintringham  died,  after  a  lingering 
illness,  at  his  house  in  the  Upper  Mall,  Hammersmith,  on 
the  10th  January,  1794,  at  the  advanced  age  of  eighty- 
three.  A  monument  to  his  memory  was  erected  in 
Westminster  abbey,  with  the  following  inscription  : — 

Memoriae  sacrum 
CLIFTON:  WINTRINGHAM,  Baronetti,  M.D. 

Qui  domi,  militiaeque, 

tarn  in  re  medica  insignis, 

quam  ob  vitas  innocentiam  morumque  suavitatem 

percharus,  flebilis  omnibus. 
Obiit  10  Jan.  A.D.  1794,  set.  suae  83. 

Monumentum  hoc, 

amoris  quo  vivum  coluerat  maritum, 

desiderii  quo  mortuum  prosecuta  est, 

indicium  ut  esset  diuturnum  extrui  curavit 

Anna  Wintringham. 

Sir  Clifton  Wintringham  was  a  foreign  fellow  of  the 
Royal  Society  of  Medicine  of  Paris.  "  He  was  a  man  of 
liberal  education,  of  extensive  classical  attainments, 
and  of  great  skill  and  judgment  in  his  profession.  In 
domestic  life  he  was  affable  and  endearing ;  in  conver- 
sation polite,  lively,  and  entertaining ;  and  in  his 
friendship  steady  and  affectionate."  Haller  *  says  of 
him  "  Vir  acuti  ingenii,  iatro-mathematicus  et  experi- 
mentis  feliciter  ususatque  ratiocinio."  He  published — 

*  Biblioth.  Anat.  ii,  324. 


•J.VJ  ROLL   OF   THE  [17G3 

An  Experimental  Inquiry  concerning  some  parts  of  the  Animal 
Structure.  8vo.  Lond.  1740. 

An  Inquiry  into  the  Exility  of  the  Vessels  of  the  Human  Body. 
8vo.  Lond.  1743. 

The  Works  of  the  late  Clifton  Wintringham,  physician  at  York ; 
now  6rst  collated  and  published  entire,  with  large  Additions  from 
the  Original  Documents.  2  vols.  8vo.  Lond.  1752. 

De  Morbis  quibusdam  Commentarii.     8vo.  Lond.  1782. 

SIR  JOHN  PRTNGLE,  BART.,  M.D.,  was  the  youngest 
son  of  Sir  John  Pringle,  of  Stichel  house,  Boxburgh- 
shire,  by  his  wife,  a  sister  of  Sir  Gilbert  Elliot,  of  Stobs, 
and  was  born  the  10th  April,  1707.     He  received  his 
rudimentary  education  at  home  under  a  private  tutor, 
and  was  next  sent  to  the  university  of  St.  Andrew's, 
where  he  continued  his  studies  under  the  direction  of 
his  uncle,  Dr.  Francis  Pringle,  the  professor  of  Greek 
in  that  university,  and  a   physician  practising  there. 
He  then  studied  for  a  year  in  Edinburgh;  at  the  ter- 
mination of  which,  being  intended  for  commerce,  he  pro- 
ceeded to  Amsterdam.     During  a  casual  visit  to  Ley- 
den  he  heard  a  lecture  by  Boerhaave,  which  made  so 
strong  an  impression  on  his  mind  that  he  determined  to 
devote  himself  to  physic.    He  fixed  himself  at  Leyden, 
and  on  the  30th  September,  1728,  was  entered  on  the 
physic  line  there ;  attended  the  lectures  of  Boerhaave, 
and  of  the  other  distinguished  persons  who  then  occu- 
pied the  medical  chairs  in  that  celebrated  university, 
and   proceeded   doctor   of  medicine    20th   July,    1730 
(D.M.I,  de  Marcore  Senili.  4to.).     At  Leyden,  he  con- 
tracted an  intimate  friendship  with  van  Sweiten,  the 
commentator  on  Boerhaave,  afterwards  so  celebrated 
both  as  professor  and  practitioner  at  Vienna.     Having 
completed  his  medical  education  by  a  visit  to  Paris, 
Pringle  returned  to  Edinburgh,  and  commenced  the  prac- 
tice of  his  profession.     On  the  28th  March,  1734,  he 
was  appointed  by  the  patrons  of  the  university  joint 
professor  of  moral  philosophy,  with  the  right  of  suc- 
cession on  the  death  of  his  senior,  Mr.  Scott.     In  1742, 
Dr.  Pringle  became  physician  to  the  earl  of  Stair,  then 
in  command  of  the  British  army  in  Flanders.     Thither 


1763J      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        253 

he  proceeded,  and  on  the  24th  August,  1742,  was  ap- 
pointed to  the  charge  of  the  military  hospital.  Dr. 
Pringle  remained  in  Flanders,  during  the  campaign  of 
1744,  and  by  his  conduct  attracted  the  favourable  notice 
of  the  duke  of  Cumberland  who,  on  the  llth  March, 
]  744,  gave  him  a  commission,  by  which  he  was  appointed 
physician-general  to  his  Majesty's  forces  in  the  Low 
Countries  and  other  parts  beyond  the  seas  ;  and  another 
creating  him  physician  to  the  royal  hospitals  in  the 
same  countries.  He  then  resigned  his  professorship  of 
moral  philosophy,  the  duties  of  which  had  been  per- 
formed by  deputy  during  his  absence.  He  next  accom- 
panied the  army  to  Scotland,  and  remained  there  until 
August,  1746  ;  but  during  the  two  following  years  was 
again  with  the  troops  abroad,  and  did  not  finally  return 
to  England  until  after  the  treaty  of  Aix-la-Chapelle. 
He  then  took  up  his  abode  in  London,  and  commenced 
private  practice.  In  1749  he  was  appointed  physician 
in  ordinary  to  the  duke  of  Cumberland ;  in  1761,  through 
his  royal  highness's  influence,  was  made  physician  to 
the  queen's  household  ;  and  in  1763,  physician  in  ordi- 
nary to  the  queen.  Yet  higher  honours  were  in  store. 
He  was  created  a  baronet  in  1766,  and  was  gazetted 
physician  in  ordinary  to  the  king  in  1774.  He  was 
also  physician  to  the  princess  dowager  of  Wales.  Sir 
John  Pringle  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College 
of  Physicians  26th  June,  1758  ;  and  a  Fellow,  speciali 
gratia,  25th  June,  1763.  He  was  appointed  Censor  in 
1770,  but  declined  to  act,  and  paid  the  fine  enjoined  by 
the  bye-laws  under  such  circumstances.  Few  members 
of  our  profession  have  obtained  a  wider  reputation  than 
did  Sir  John  Pringle.  *  He  was  a  fellow  of  the  Col- 

*  "  Neque  equidem  inter  hos  Pringleium  praetermitteudum  arbi- 
tror ;  qui  cum  universam  remm  cognitionem  animo  complexus  est, 
turn  medicinam  amore  singular!  coluit  et  prosecutus  est.  Ingenii 
fuit  perspicacis,  virilis,  quod  omnis  scientiee  fundamenta  ad  expe- 
rientiam  revocabat ;  praeterea  pietate  insigni,  morumque  integritate 
et  maxima  benevolentia,  omnibus  bonis  carus  factus  est.  Itaque 
doctissimorum  hominum  familiaritatibas  domus  ejus  semper  flore- 
bat ;  multaeque  ab  eo  scriptae  epistolse  externos  etiam  in  societatem 


254  ROLL  OF  THE  [1763 

lege  of  Physicians  of  Edinburgh,  to  which  he  was  ad- 
mitted 4th  February,  1735,  and  one  of  the  foreign  fel- 
lows of  the  Royal  Society  of  Medicine  of  Paris  ;  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Royal  Society  of  Gottingen,  and  of  the 
Academy  of  Sciences  at  Haarlem,  and  Madrid.  Of 
the  Royal  Society  of  London,  the  scene  of  his  highest 
honours,  he  was  admitted  a  fellow  in  1745.  He  was 
chosen  one  of  the  council  of  that  Society  in  1753,  and 
was  elevated  to  the  office  of  president  in  1772.  "The 
period  of  his  election  was  a  fortunate  epoch  of  natural 
knowledge  :  a  taste  for  experimental  investigation  was 
diffusing  itself  through  every  part  of  the  civilised  world, 
and  the  genius  of  Pringle  found  a  happy  occupation  in 
cherishing  this  spirit.  An  universality  of  knowledge, 
and  a  singular  liberality  of  spirit,  united  to  very  con- 
siderable experience,  both  of  active  and  studious  life, 
seem  to  have  peculiarly  fitted  him  for  his  difficult  post. 
Sir  Godfrey  Copley  had  originally  bequeathed  five 
guineas  to  be  given  at  each  anniversary  meeting  of  the 
Royal  Society,  by  the  determination  of  the  president 
and  council,  to  the  author  of  the  best  experimental  ob- 
servations made  during  the  preceding  year.  This  pecu- 
niary offering  was  at  length  converted,  with  greater 
propriety,  into  a  gold  medal ;  and  Pringle  ably  carved 
a  new  road  to  personal  distinction  and  utility,  by  the 
excellent  discourses  which  he  took  occasion  to  deliver 

studiorum  trahebant.  Qubs  vero  edidifc  libros  quis  non  legit  ? 
Quis,  qui  legit,  non  admiratur  ?  In  quibus  morborum  historias  suc- 
cinte,  absolute  tamen,  exposuit ;  inque  causas  eonim,  non  tanquam 
plerique  nescio  quid  somniantes,  sed  ubi  veri  aliquid  subluceret, 
ipsaeque  res  rationes  suggererent,  ut  decet  prudentem,  inquisivit. 
In  ea  vero  parte,  quse  ad  curationem  attinet,  omnes,  meo  quidem, 
judicio,  superiores  vicit.  Dysenteriam,  febremque  castrensem, 
geminam  militum  perniciem,  persequi  et  tollere  imprimis  conatus 
est :  et  validissimus  nobis  autor  fuit,  ut  aer  purus,  et  mundities,  et 
laxius  habitare,  quanti  sint,  intelligeremus.  Unde  etiam  maximum 
illud  malorum  gravissimumqne,  Pestem,  his  saltern  regionibus,  Deo 
juvante,  extinctam  esse  speramus.  Neque  vero  de  corporis,  tan- 
tummodo  affectibus  quam  plumiris  accurate  diligenterque  scripsit ; 
verum  etiam  pmdentiae  militaris  documenta  tradidit  nunquam  ob- 
liviscenda,"  &c.,  &c. — Oratio  Harveiana,  Anno  MDCCCIX.  habita, 
anctore  Gul.  Heberden  fil.  p.  18. 


1763]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        255 

on  the  presentation  of  this  annual  tribute.  Six  of  these 
have  been  edited  by  Dr.  Kippis,  and  display  an  inti- 
mate acquaintance  with  the  history  of  philosophy,  a 
noble  zeal  for  its  advancement,  and  a  style  unaffected, 
elegant,  and  perspicuous.  The  subject  of  the  fourth 
discourse  was  particularly  suited  to  his  disposition  and 
pursuits  ;  it  accompanied  the  award  of  the  medal  to 
Captain  Cook,  and  discussed  the  means  employed  by 
that  sagacious  commander  towards  preserving  the  health 
of  seamen.  The  intimate  friendship  which  subsisted 
between  them  renders  it  probable  that  Pringle  had  com- 
municated some  valuable  suggestions  on  the  subject  to 
his  intelligent  friend ;  and  no  pupil  in  the  schools  of 
Hygiene  has  ever  existed  more  capable  of  reducing  its 
rules  to  practice,  since,  with  a  crew  of  one  hundred  and 
eighteen  men,  Cook  performed  a  voyage  of  three  years 
and  eighteen  days,  throughout  all  the  climates  between 
52  N.  and  71  S.,  and  only  lost  one  companion  of  his 
wanderings.  The  use  of  sweet  wort,  a  rigid  attention 
to  cleanliness,  and  the  careful  preservation  of  his  com- 
pany from  wet  and  other  injuries  of  weather,  formed 
the  chief  part  of  his  dietetic  code.  His  example  has 
not  been  lost  upon  our  navy,  which  now  maintains  in 
the  confinement  of  a  ship  a  degree  of  health  equal  to,  if 
not  often  exceeding,  the  average  observed  at  home." 

The  pressure  of  advancing  years,  increased  by  an  in- 
jury from  a  fall,  induced  Sir  John  Pringle,  in  1778,  to 
resign  the  presidency  of  the  Royal  Society,  although 
earnestly  solicited  to  retain  it.  In  1780  he  paid  a  visit 
to  Edinburgh  and  purchased  a  house,  to  which  he  re- 
tired the  following  year.  Neither  his  health  nor  his 
spirits  were  so  much  improved  by  the  change  as  he  had 
anticipated ;  the  climate  proved  too  sharp  for  his  en- 
feebled frame,  and  his  contemporaries  had  disappeared. 
He  therefore  returned  to  London,  but  before  leaving 
Edinburgh  he  presented  to  the  College  of  Physicians 
of  that  city  ten  folio  volumes  of  MS.  medical  and  phy- 
sical observations.  He  did  not  long  survive  his  return, 
and  died  the  18th  January,  1782,  in  the  seventy-fifth 


256  ROLL  OF  THE  [17G3 

year  of  his  age.  He  was  buried  in  the  church  of  St. 
James,  Westminster,  and  a  monument  by  Nollekens 
was  erected  to  his  memory  in  Westminster  abbey.  His 
portrait,  by  Sir  Joshua  Reynolds,  is  in  the  possession  of 
the  Royal  Society.  Sir  John  Pringle  contributed  seve- 
ral papers  to  the  "  Philosophical  Transactions,"  and  was 
the  author  of — 

Observations  on  the  Nature  and  Cure  of  Hospital  or  Jayl  Fevers. 
8vo.  Lond.  1750. 

Observations  on  the  Diseases  of  the  Army.     8vo.  Lond.  1752. 

Six  Discourses  at  the  Royal  Society,  on  Occasion  of  the  Assign- 
ment of  the  Copley  Medal.  Edited,  with  Life,  by  A.  Kippis.  8vo. 
Lond.  1783. 

SWITHEN  ADEE,  M.D.,  was  of  Corpus  Christi  college, 
Oxford;  A.B.  14th  June,  1721;  A.M.  22nd  February, 
1724  ;  M.D.  4th  July,  1733.  He  practised  for  several 
years  at  Guildford  and  at  Oxford,  but  in  1762  removed 
to  London  ;  and  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  30th  September,  1762  ;  and  a  Fellow 
30th  September,  1763.  He  was  Censor  in  1764  and 
1770;  he  delivered  the  Gulstonian  lectures  in  1767, 
and  the  Harveian  oration  in  1769.  In  1770  Dr.  Adee 
retired  from  business  and  returned  to  Oxford,  and  spent 
the  remainder  of  his  life  amongst  his  old  college  friends, 
with  whom  he  lived  respected  and  esteemed.  He  died 
at  Oxford  the  12th  August,  1786,  aged  eighty-one.  He 
was  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  and  of  the  Society  of 
Antiquaries,  and  obtained  no  small  amount  of  reputation 
for  a  very  happy  explanation  of  the  Greek  inscription  on 
the  Corbridge  altar  of  Astarte.*  We  owe  to  Dr.  Adee's 
pen  :  "  Meadus  :  Poema,  grati  animi  testimonium  :"  edi- 
tum  A.D.  MDCCLV  ; — a  pleasing  encomium  on  Mead. 

WILLIAM  GRANT,  M.D. — A  native  of  Scotland,  and 
a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Marischal  college,  Aberdeen,  of 
22nd  September,  1755  ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  30th  September,  1763.  He 
practised  for  several  years  with  considerable  and  well- 
*  Archeeologia,  vol.  ii,  p.  98. 


1764]  ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.  257 

deserved  reputation  in  the  city,  and  was  physician  to 
the  Misericordia  hospital,  an  institution  for  the  cure  of 
the  venereal  disease,  situated  in  Great  Alie-street, 
Goodman's-fields.  Dr.  Grant  died  at  Edinburgh  30th 
December,  1786.  He  was  the  author  of — 

An  Inquiry  into  the  Nature,  Rise,  and  Progress  of  the  Fevers 
most  common  in  London.  8vo.  Lond.  1771. 

Observations  on  the  Nature  and  Cures  of  Fevers.  8vo.  Lond. 
1772. 

An  Essay  on  the  Pestilential  Fever  of  Sydenham,  commonly 
called  the  Jail,  Hospital,  Ship,  and  Camp  Fever.  8vo.  Lond.  1775. 

A  Short  Account  of  the  Epidemic  Cough  and  Fever,  in  a  Letter 
to  Dr.  de  la  Cour.  8vo.  Lond.  1776. 

Account  of  a  Fever  and  Sorethroat  in  London  in  September, 
1776.  8vo.  Lond.  1777. 

Observations  on  the  Atrabilious  Temperament  and  Gout.  8vo. 
Lond.  1779. 

Observations  on  the  Influenza  of  1775  and  1782 — the  Febris 
Catarrhalis  Epidemica  of  Hippocrates.  8vo.  Lond.  1782. 

JAMES  FORD,  M.D.,  of  Marischal  college,  Aberdeen, 
was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
22nd  December,  1763.  Dr.  Ford  enjoyed  for  several 
years  a  very  lucrative  obstetric  practice  at  the  west- 
end  of  London.  He  was  physician  extraordinary  to 
queen  Charlotte,  physician  extraordinary  to  the  West- 
minster Lying-in  hospital,  and  consulting  man-midwife 
to  the  Westminster  General  dispensary.  Having  accu- 
mulated a  handsome  fortune,  he  retired  from  practice 
and  withdrew  to  Wales.  He  died  at  Langattock,  near 
Crickhowell,  December  18th,  1795,  aged  seventy-seven. 

ANTHONY  RELHAN,  M.D.,  was  educated  at  Trinity 
college,  Dublin.  He  was  entered  a  scholar  there  in 
1734;  proceeded  A.B.  in  the  spring  of  1735,  and  on 
the  15th  October,  1740,  being  then  twenty-five  years 
old,  entered  himself  on  the  physic  line  at  Leyden.  Re- 
turning to  Dublin,  he  graduated  doctor  of  medicine 
there,  12th  July,  1743  ;  and  in  October,  1747,  was  ad- 
mitted a  fellow  of  the  King  and  Queen's  College  of  Phy- 
sicians of  Ireland,  of  which  learned  body  he  was  pre- 

VOL.  II.  S 


258  ROLL  OF  THE  [1764 

sident  in  1755.      He  held   the  office  of  physician  to 
Mercers'  hospital,  and  would  seem  to  have  occupied  a 
distinguished  position  among  the  physicians  of  the  Irish 
capital.      Having  however  about  the  year   1758  pre- 
scribed James's  powder,   the  members  of  the  college 
over  which  he  had  so  recently  presided,  resented  this 
encouragement  given  to  a  quack  medicine  and  refused 
to  join  with  Dr.  Relhan  in  consultation.      He  then 
opened  a  correspondence  with  Dr.   James,  and  by  his 
advice  was  induced  to  leave  Dublin  for  England.     The 
death  of  Dr.  Russell  in  December,  1759,  leaving   an 
opening  for  a  physician  at  Brighton,  Dr.  Relhan  pro- 
ceeded to  fill  it,  and  by  his  exertions  and  abilities  main- 
tained and  augmented  the  reputation  which  Brighton 
was  then  attaining  for  invalids.     In   1762  or  1763  he 
removed  to  London,  and  having,  according  to  our  Annals, 
been  incorporated  at  Cambridge  on  his  doctor's  degree, 
he  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Phy- 
sicians 25th  June,  1763  ;  and  a  Fellow  25th  June,  1764  ; 
was  Censor  in  1765  and  1771  ;   Gulstonian  lecturer  in 
1765  ;  and  Harveian  orator  in  1770.     Dr.  Relhan  died 
in  October,  1776,  and  was  interred  in  the  burial  ground 
in  Paddington-street,  Marylebone.      Dr.   Relhan   was 
twice  married.     By  his  first  wife  he  had  a  son,  Richard, 
who  graduated  A.B.  at  Cambridge  in  1776,  as  a  mem- 
ber of  Trinity  college,  and  entered  into  holy  orders ; 
and  a  daughter.     His  second  wife  was  the  widow  of 
Sir  William  Hart,  a  banker,  in  London.     This  lady  had 
built  herself  a  house  in  East-street,  Brighton,  for  her 
summer  residence,  and  there  Dr;  Relhan  and  she  annually 
passed  some  months  of  the  bathing  season  until  his 
death.     The  doctor's  widow  continued  her  occasional 
residence  there  until  1786,  when  she  disposed  of  the 
property.     Dr.  Relhan  published — 

A  Short  History  of  Brighthelmston,  its  Air  and  its  "Waters.  8vo. 
Lond.  1761. 

Refutation  of  the  Reflections  against  Inoculation.  4to.  Lond. 
1764. 

THOMAS  BROOKE,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine  of 


3764]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  259 

Trinity  college,  Dublin,  of  10th  June,  1753  ;  incorpo- 
rated, it  is  said  in  our  Annals,  at  Oxford  ;  was  admitted 
a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June, 
1763  ;  and  a  Fellow  25th  June,  1764.  He  was  Censor 
in  1766,  1767,  1772.  Dr.  Brooke  was  elected  physi- 
cian to  the  Westminster  hospital  in  1757,  but  retired 
from  that  office  in  1764.  He  was  also  physician  to  St. 
Luke's  hospital,  and  died  in  August,  1781. 

JOHN  HADLEY,  M.D.,  was  born  in  London  and  edu- 
cated at  Queen's  college,  Cambridge,  of  which  house  he 
was  a  fellow.  He  took  the  two  degrees  in  arts — A.B. 
1753;  A.M.  1756;  and  in  the  last-named  year  was  ap- 
pointed professor  of  chemistry  in  the  university.  Pro- 
ceeding doctor  of  medicine  at  Cambridge  5th  July,  1763, 
he  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physi- 
cians 30th  September,  1763  ;  and  a  Fellow  1st  October, 
1764.  Dr.  Hadley  was  physician  to  St.  Thomas's  hos- 
pital and  to  the  Charterhouse  :  to  the  former  he  was 
elected  in  1762  ;  to  the  latter  in  1763.  He  was  pre- 
maturely arrested  in  his  career,  and  died  on  the  5th 
November,  1764,  aged  thirty-three.  His  portrait  was 
painted  by  B.  Wilson  in  1759,  and  engraved  by  E. 
Fisher.  His  only  publication  was — 

Plan  of  a  Course  of  Chemical  Lectures.     8vo.  Cambridge.  1758. 

MAXWELL  GARTHSHORE,  M.D.,  was  born  in  1732  at 
Kirkcudbright,  of  which  place  his  father  was  the  minis- 
ter. At  the  age  of  fourteen  he  was  placed  with  a  sur- 
geon at  Edinburgh,  and  during  his  apprenticeship  at- 
tended the  medical  lectures  at  the  university.  He  then 
entered  the  medical  service  of  the  army,  and  served  in 
lord  Charles  Hay's  regiment  as  mate  to  Mr.  Huck, 
afterwards  well-known  as  Dr.  Huck  Saunders,  but  soon 
quitted  it ;  and  in  1756  settled  at  Uppingham,  succeed- 
ing to  a  lucrative  business  just  relinquished  by  Dr.  John 
Fordyce,  where  he  made  the  acquaintance  and  obtained 
the  warm  friendship  of  Dr.  (subsequently  Sir  George) 
Baker,  then  practising  at  Stamford,  by  whom  he  was  at 

s  2 


260  ROLL  OP  THE  [1765 

a  subsequent  period  encouraged  to  settle  in  London. 
Preparatory  thereto,  he  returned  to  Edinburgh ;  took 
his  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  there  8th  May,  1764 
(D.M.I,  de  Papaveris  Usu  tarn  noxio  quam  salutari  in 
Parturientibus  ac  Puerperis.  8vo.),  and  was  admitted  a 
fellow  of  the  College  of  Physicians  of  that  city.  Proceed- 
ing to  London,  he  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  1  st  October,  1764.  He  practised  chiefly 
as  an  accoucheur,  and  attained  to  considerable  eminence 
in  that  department.  "  He  was  extremely  patient  as  long 
as  patience  was  a  virtue,  and  in  cases  of  difficulty  or  of 
extreme  danger  he  decided  with  quickness  and  great 
judgment,  and  he  had  always  a  mind  sufficiently  firm  to 
enable  his  hands  to  execute  that  which  his  head  had  dic- 
tated." He  was  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  and  of  the  Anti- 
quarian Societies,  and  physician  to  the  British  Lying-in 
hospital.  Dying  on  the  1st  March,  1812,  aged  eighty, 
he  was  buried  in  Bunh ill-fields.  Dr.  Garthshore  was 
thought  strikingly  like  the  first  earl  of  Chatham  in 
person,  and  was  sometimes  mistaken  for  him.  This 
likeness  on  one  occasion  produced  a  considerable  sen- 
sation in  the  house  of  Commons — lord  Chatham  was 
pointed  to  as  in  the  gallery,  and  all  present  believed 
him  to  be  there.  The  person  really  in  the  gallery  was 
Dr.  Garthshore.'55'  Dr.  Garthshore's  portrait,  by  Slater, 
was  engraved  by  Collyer.  He  was  the  author  of — 

On  Extra  Uteriue  Cases  and  Rupture  of  the  Tubes  and  Uterus. 
8vo.  Lond.  1787. 

On  a  Case  of  Numerous  Births.     4to.  Lond.  1787. 

THOMAS  DICKSON,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Dumfries,  and 
took  his  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  at  Leyden  8th 
April,  1746  (D.M.I.  de  Sanguinis  Missione).  He  was 
elected  physician  to  the  London  hospital  1st  May,  1759  ; 
and  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physi- 
cians 9th  February,  1765.  He  was  admitted  a  fellow  of 
the  Eoyal  Society  17th  May,  1770.  Dr.  Dickson  was 
a  man  of  considerable  attainments,  a  good  Greek  scho- 
*  Gent.  Mag.,  vol.  Ixxxii,  p.  391. 


1765]  EOYAL  COLLEGE  OF   PHYSICIANS.  261 

lar,  and  well  read  in  his  profession.  "  He  was,"  says  a 
contemporary  account,  "  a  man  of  singular  humanity 
and  generosity  ;  he  had  a  warm  heart  and  an  open  hand ; 
he  was  a  man  of  strict  probity,  and  died  a  Christian 
believer."  His  death,  which  occurred  at  his  house  in 
Broad-street  buildings,  1st  June,  1784,  was  caused  by 
pulmonary  consumption.  He  was  buried  by  his  own 
directions  in  the  church  of  St.  Mary,  Whitechapel, 
where  there  was  a  monument  with  the  following  in- 
scription : — 

In  memory  of 

THOMAS  DICKSON,  M.D.,  F.R.S., 
born  at  Dumfries,  educated  at  Edinburgh  and  Leyden, 

25  years  physician  to  the  London  Hospital. 

A  man  of  singular  probity,  loyalty,  and  humanity  ; 

kind  to  his  relations,  beloved  by  all  who  knew  him ; 

learned  and  skilful  in  his  profession, 

unfe'ed  by  the  poor, 

he    lived    to    do    good, 

and  died  a  Christian  believer, 

June    1,    1784,    aged    58    years. 

Dr.  Dickson  communicated  several  papers  to  the 
"  Medical  Observations  and  Inquiries,"  and  was  the 
author  of — 

A  Treatise  on  Blood-letting.     8vo.  Lond.  1763. 

JOHN  MORGAN,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Philadelphia  in 
1736,  and  educated  at  the  college  in  that  city,  from 
which  institution  he  received  the  degree  of  A.B.  in 
1757,  that  being  the  first  occasion  on  which  degrees  of 
any  kind  were  conferred  there.  He  commenced  the 
study  of  medicine  under  Dr.  Redman,  of  Philadelphia, 
and  having  made  some  progress  in  it,  joined  the  pro- 
vincial troops  in  the  capacity  of  surgeon.  In  1760  he 
visited  Europe  to  complete  his  professional  education. 
After  attending  the  lectures  of  Dr.  William  Hunter  and 
Mr.  Hewson  in  London,  he  proceeded  to  Edinburgh, 
carrying  with  him,  among  other  letters  of  introduction, 
one  from  Benjamin  Franklin,  commending  him  in  no 
ordinary  terms  to  the  advice  and  countenance  of  Dr. 
Cullen,  whose  good  opinion  and  friendship  he  soon  sup- 


262  ROLL   OF   THE 

ceeded  in  securing  to  himself.     He  passed  two  years  in 
Edinburgh,  and  graduated  doctor  of  medicine  there  18th 
July,  1763.     In  his  inaugural  essay  on  this  occasion, 
"  Tentamen  Medicum  de  Puris  Confectione,"  he  main- 
tained that  pus  is  a  secretion  from  the  vessels,  and  in 
this  view  anticipated  John  Hunter. *     Dr.  Morgan  next 
visited  France  and  Italy.     He  had,  while  in  England, 
become  a  proficient  in  the  art  of  injecting  organs  with 
wax,   and   preparing   them   by   subsequent    corrosion. 
While  in  Paris  and  attending  the  anatomical  lectures  of 
M.  Sue,  he  prepared  a  kidney  by  this  process  and  ac- 
quired by  it,  and  some  similar  specimens  he  had  brought 
with  him  from  England,  such  a  reputation  as  led  to  his 
election  as  a  corresponding  member  of  the  Royal  Aca- 
demy of  Surgery  of  Paris,     In  the  course  of  his  tour 
into  and  from  Italy,  he  visited  Morgagni  at  Padua  and 
Voltaire  at  Geneva.     Returning  to  London,  he  was  ad- 
mitted a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  9th 
February,  1765.     About  the  same  time  he  was  elected 
a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  and  a  fellow  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  of  Edinburgh,  and  soon  afterwards 
returned  to  America.     During  his  residence  in  Europe 
he  had  concerted  with  Dr.  Shippen  the  plan  of  a  me- 
dical school  in  his  native  city,  which  he  proceeded  to 
carry  out  on  his  arrival  at  Philadelphia,  and  was  nomi- 
nated to  the  chair  of  the  theory  and  practice  of  physic. 
In  1769  he  witnessed  the  first  fruits  of  his  labours  in 
this  direction,  for  in  that  year  five  gentlemen  received 
at  Philadelphia  the  first  academic  honours  in  medicine 
that  were  conferred  in  America.     Dr.  Morgan  was  the 
first  physician  in  America  who  declined  the  practice  of 
pharmacy,  and  restricted  himself  to  prescribing  medi- 

*  Dr.  James  Curry,  physician  to  Guy's  hospital  and  lecturer  on 
medicine  there,  after  careful  examination  awards  the  credit  of 
priority  in  this  view,  to  Dr.  Morgan,  and  says  :  "  I  could  not  avoid 
giving  that  merit  to  Dr.  Morgan,  who  discussed  the  question  with 
great  ingenuity  in  his  Inaugural  Dissertation  on  taking  his  degree 
at  Edinburgh  in  1763  ;  whilst  I  could  find  no  proof  that  Mr.  Hunter 
had  taught  or  even  adopted  such  an  opinion  until  a  considerably 
later  period."  London  Medical  and  Physical  Journal,  1817. 


1765]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  263 

cine  for  the  sick.  He  was  active  in  establishing  the 
American  Philosophical  Society  in  1769,  and  he  under- 
took a  journey  to  Jamaica  in  1773  to  solicit  benefactions 
for  the  advancement  of  general  literature  in  the  college 
of  Philadelphia.  In  October,  1775,  he  was  appointed 
director-general  and  physician-in-chief  to  the  general 
hospital  of  the  American  army,  when  he  repaired  to 
Cambridge.  The  dissensions  between  the  surgeons  of 
the  hospital  and  of  the  regiments  rendered  Dr.  Morgan's 
position  a  very  difficult  one,  and  calumnious  statements 
against  him  having  gained  credence,  he  was  removed 
from  his  office  in  1 7  77  without  being  allowed  an  oppor- 
tunity of  vindicating  himself.  After  his  removal,  how- 
ever, he  presented  himself  before  a  Committee  of  Con- 
gress appointed  at  his  request,  and  was  honourably  ac- 
quitted. Dr.  Morgan,  who  had  for  some  years  retired 
very  much  from  active  life,  chagrined,  it  is  said,  at  his 
treatment  by  congress  in  removing  him  from  the  post 
of  director-general  upon  charges  from  which  he  had 
been  exonerated,  died  15th  October,  1789,  aged  fifty- 
three.  His  successor  in  the  professor's  chair  was  Dr. 
Hush.  Dr.  Morgan  was  the  author  of — 

A  Discourse  on  the  Institution  of  Medical  Schools  in  America, 
with  a  Preface,  containing,  among  other  things,  the  Author's 
Apology  for  attempting  to  introduce  the  regular  mode  of  practising 
physic  at  Philadelphia.  8vo.  Philadelphia,  1765. 

Four  Dissertations  on  the  Reciprocal  Advantages  of  a  perpetual 
Union  between  Great  Britain  and  her  American  Colonies.  1766. 

A  Recommendation  of  Inoculation.     8vo.  1766. 

A  Vindication  of  his  Public  Character  in  the  Station  of  Director- 
General.  8vo.  1777.* 

SAMUEL  CHAPMAN,  M.D.,  was  a  native  of  Oxford, 
and  a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Aberdeen  of  20th  February, 
1763.  He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  1st  April,  1765. 

*  History  of  the  Medical  Department  of  the  University  of  Penn- 
sylvania from  its  foundation  in  1765,  by  Joseph  Carson,  M.D.  8vo. 
Phil.,  1869.  Life,  Lectures  and  Writings  of  William  Cullen,  M.D., 
by  John  Thomson,  M.D.  2  vols.  8vo.  Edinb.  1859 ;  Vol.  1,  pp. 
140,  633.  Allen's  American  Biographical  and  Historical  Dic- 
tionary. 8vo.  Boston,  1832,  p.  593. 


264  ROLL  OF  THE  [1765 

JOHN  LAWSON. — A  native  of  Middlesex,  but  not  a 
graduate  in  arts  or  medicine ;  was  admitted  a  Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  1st  April,  1765. 

RICHARD  PULTENEY,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  Samuel 
Pulteney,  by  his  wife  Mary  Tomlinson,  and  was  born  at 
Loughborough,  co. Leicester,  on  the  17th  February,  1730. 
He  was  educated  in  an  ordinary  elementary  school  in 
that  county ;  after  which  he  served  a  seven  years'  ap- 
prenticeship to  an  apothecary,  and  then  commenced 
practice  at  Leicester.  His  progress  there  was  slow,  and 
wholly  inadequate  to  his  deserts ;  but  he  devoted  the 
abundant  leisure  he  possessed  to  self-improvement,  and 
especially  to  the  study  of  his  favourite  sciences,  botany 
and  natural  history.  At  a  very  early  period  he  became 
a  contributor  to  the  "  Gentleman's  Magazine,"  and  some 
years  later  to  the  "  Philosophical  Transactions."  His 
papers  to  the  Royal  Society  introduced  him  to  the  no- 
tice of  Sir  William  Watson,  M.D.,  and  through  him  to 
the  earl  of  Macclesfield,  then  president  of  the  society, 
and  several  other  eminent  literary  characters.  Through 
their  recommendation  he  was  induced  to  leave  Leicester, 
and  take  the  necessary  steps  to  qualify  himself  as  a  phy- 
sician. With  this  object  he  proceeded  to  Edinburgh, 
and  there,  by  a  special  act  of  favour,  was  admitted  to 
examination  without  residence  or  attendance  upon  lec- 
tures, and  proceeded  doctor  of  medicine  in  1764  (D.M.I. 
de  Cinchon&  Officinali).  Dr.  Pulteney  then  came  to 
London,  and  was  appointed  domestic  physician  to  the 
earl  of  Bath.  The  death  of  that  nobleman  within  a 
year  gave  a  different  direction  to  his  views  ;  and,  a  good 
opening  for  a  physician  presenting  itself  at  Blandford, 
Dr.  Pulteney  determined  on  removing  thither.  Pre- 
liminary to  this  he  presented  himself  before  the  College 
of  Physicians,  and  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate 
18th  April,  1765.  He  soon  got  into  extensive  practice 
at  Blandford,  and  accumulated  a  handsome  fortune.  He 
died,  generally  esteemed  and  respected,  13th  October, 
1801,  aged  seventy-one ;  and  was  buried  at  the  village  of 


1765]     ROYAL  COLLEGE  OP  PHYSICIANS.        265 

Langton,  about  a  mile  from  Blandford.  A  tablet  with 
the  following  inscription  was  placed  in  Blandford 
church  : — 

This  tablet 

is  erected  in  memory  of 

RICHARD  PULTENEY,  M.D.,  F.R.S., 

who,  after  36  years'  residence  in  this  town, 

died  on  the  13th  October,  1801,  aged  71. 

That  modesty  for  which  he  was 

remarkable  through  life,  forbad  any 

vain  eulogium  on  his  tomb ;  but  he  will 

long  be  remembered  with  gratitude  and 

affection,  both  as  a  physician  and  as  a 

friend ;  and  with  the  truest  reverence 

and  sorrow  by  Elizabeth,  his  afflicted 

widow,  daughter  of  John  and 
Elizabeth  Gatton,  of  Shapwick,  Dorset. 

Dr.  Pulteney's  portrait  by  J.  Beach  was  engraved  by 
T.  Roberts.  He  was  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Societies  of 
London  and  Edinburgh,  a  fellow  of  the  Linnaean  So- 
ciety, and  an  honorary  member  of  the  Royal  Medical  So- 
ciety of  Edinburgh.  Besides  his  contributions  to  the 
"  Philosophical  Transactions,"  the  "  Gentleman's  Maga- 
zine," and  the  "  Transactions  of  the  Linnsean  Society," 
he  was  the  author  of — 

A  General  View  of  the  Writings  of  Linnaeus.     4to.  Lond. 

Historical  and  Biographical  Sketches  of  the  Progress  of  Botany 
in  England,  from  its  origin  to  the  introduction  of  the  Linneean 
System.  8vo.  2  vols.  Lond.  1790. 

WILLIAM  WILLIAMS  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  23rd  May,  1765. 

SIDNEY  EVELIN  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of 
the  CoUege  23rd  May,  1765. 

JOSIAH  COLE,  M.D. — A  native  of  London,  and  a  doc- 
tor of  medicine  of  Glasgow  of  17th  December,  1742; 
was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
25th  June,  1765. 

MATTHEW  MATY,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  a  Dutch  Lu- 


266  ROLL  OF   THE  [1765 

theran  clergyman;  and  was  born,  in  1718,  at  Mont- 
fort,  near  Utrecht.  Originally  intended  for  the  Church, 
in  whose  communion  he  was  born,  he  was  induced,  in 
consequence  of  some  heterodox  opinions  entertained  by 
his  father,  to  turn  his  attention  to  physic.  He  studied 
at  Ley  den,  and  on  the  31st  March,  1732,  when  fourteen 
years  of  age,  was  entered  on  the  philosophy  line  there. 
He  graduated  doctor  of  medicine  at  Leyden  llth  Febru- 
ary, 1740  (D.M.I,  de  Consuetudinis  Efficacia  in  Corpus 
Humanum) ;  immediately  after  which  he  quitted  Hol- 
land and  settled  in  England.  In  1750  he  commenced 
the  publication  in  French  of  the  "  Journal  Britannique," 
printed  at  the  Hague,  and  giving  an  account  of  the  pro- 
ductions of  the  English  press,  "  This  humble,  though 
useful  labour,"  to  use  the  words  of  the  historian  Gibbon, 
"  which  had  once  been  dignified  by  the  genius  of  Bayle 
and  the  learning  of  Le  Clerc,  was  not  disgraced  by  the 
taste,  the  knowledge,  and  the  judgment  of  Maty.  His 
style  is  pure  and  eloquent,  and  in  his  virtues,  or  even 
in  his  defects,  he  may  be  reckoned  as  one  of  the  last 
disciples  of  the  school  of  Fontanelle."  The  Journal, 
which  was  continued  for  five  years,  was  held  in  high 
estimation  in  England,  and  served  to  introduce  him  to 
some  of  the  most  eminent  literary  men  in  this  his 
adopted  country.  It  was  to  their  active  and  uninter- 
rupted friendship,  no  less  than  to  his  own  merits,  that 
he  owed  the  important  situations  which  he  subsequently 
filled.  On  the  establishment  of  the  British  Museum, 
in  1753,  he  was  appointed  one  of  the  under-librarians ; 
and  on  the  death  of  the  principal  librarian,  Dr.  Knight, 
was  nominated  to  that  office.  Dr.  Maty  was  admitted 
a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  in  1752  ;  and  a  Licentiate 
of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1765.  He  was 
elected  foreign  secretary  of  the  Royal  Society  the  4th 
March,  1762  ;  and  secretary,  30th  November,  1765,  an 
office  he  continued  to  hold  for  eleven  years.  He  died 
in  the  latter  part  of  1776.  A  portrait  of  Dr.  Maty  was 
by  his  own  order  engraved  after  his  death  by  Barto- 
lozzi,  to  be  given  to  his  friends.  Of  these  one  hundred 


1765]  ROYAL  COLLEGE   OP   PHYSICIANS.  267 

copies  only  were  struck  off,  and  the  plate  then  destroyed. 
The  doctor  at  the  time  of  his  death  had  nearly  finished 
the  "  Memoirs  of  the  Earl  of  Chesterfield,"  which  were 
completed  by  his  son-in-law,  Mr.  Justamond,  and  pre- 
fixed to  the  earl's  "  Miscellaneous  Works/'  published 
in  1777,  in  two  volumes  quarto.  He  was  the  author 
also  of — 

Essai  surl'  Usage.     Ultr.  1741. 

Ode  sur  la  Rebellion  en  Ecosse.     8vo.  Amst.  1746. 

Essai  sur  le  Caractere  du  Grand  Medicin,  ou  Eloge  Critique  de 
Boerhaave.  8vo.  Col,  1747. 

Authentic  Memoirs  of  the  Life  of  Richard  Mead,  M.D.  12mo. 
Lond.  1755. 

Translation  of  a  Discourse  on  Inoculation  by  M.  de  la  Conda- 
mine.  8vo.  Lond.  1765. 

New  Observations  on  Inoculation,  by  Dr.  Garth,  Professor  of 
Medicine  in  the  University  of  Paris.  From  the  French.  8vo.  Lond. 
1768. 

DAVID  ORME,  M.D. — A  native  of  Scotland,  and  a 
doctor  of  medicine  of  Edinburgh  of  29th  June,  1749 
(D.M.I,  de  Angina  Inflammatori£) ;  was  admitted  a 
Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1765. 
He  held  the  office  of  man-midwife  extraordinary  to  the 
City  of  London  Lying-in  hospital,  and  died  at  Lamienby, 
in  the  parish  of  Bexley,  Kent,  on  the  4th  April,  1812, 
in  his  eighty-fifth  year. 

THOMAS  MANNINGHAM,  M.D.,  was  the  second  son  of 
Sir  Richard  Manningham,  an  obstetric  physician,  who 
has  been  already  mentioned  in  this  volume.  He  was  a 
doctor  of  medicine  of  the  university  of  St.  Andrew's,  of 
24th  May,  1765  ;  and  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  25th  June  following.  He  resided 
for  some  years  in  Jermyn-street,  but  in  1780  removed 
to  Bath,  where  he  died  3rd  February,  1794. 

JOHN  HILL,  M.D. — A  native  of  Somersetshire,  and  a 
doctor  of  medicine,  but  of  what  university  is  not  re- 
corded ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  25th  June,  1765.  He  died  at  Canonbury 
the  9th  February,  1789. 


268  ROLL   OF   THE  [1765 

HUGH  ALEXANDER  KENNEDY,  M.D. — An  Irishman, 
and  a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Edinburgh  of  llth  June, 
1754  (D.M.I,  de  Rhabarbaro) ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate 
of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1765.  He  was 
elected  physician  to  the  Middlesex  hospital  1st  Febru- 
ary, 1759,  and  held  that  office  for  more  than  twenty- 
three  years.  He  was  also  physician  to  the  army ;  and 
at  the  time  of  his  death,  which  occurred  on  the  28th 
April,  1795,  was  physician  extraordinary  to  the  prince 
of  Wales,  and  director-general  of  British  hospitals  on 
the  continent. 

CHRISTOPHER  NUGENT,  M.D. — An  Irishman,  and  a 
doctor  of  medicine,  but  of  what  university  is  not  stated, 
had  practised  for  several  years  with  success  at  Bath, 
but  then  settled  in  London  and  on  the  25th  June,  1765, 
was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians. 
He  was  one  of  the  Johnsonian  clique,  and  one  of  the  ori- 
ginal nine  members  of  the  Literary  club  formed  by 
Johnson  and  Sir  Joshua  Reynolds,  which  met  at  the 
Turk's  Head  in  Gerard-street  every  Monday  evening. 
"  Dr.  Nugent,"  writes  Sir  John  Hawkins,  "  was  a  physi- 
cian of  the  Romish  communion,  and  rising  into  practice 
with  persons  of  that  persuasion.  He  was  an  ingenious, 
sensible,  and  learned  man  of  easy  conversation  and  ele- 
gant manners.  Johnson  had  a  high  opinion  of  him  and 
always  spoke  of  him  in  terms  of  respect."  *  He  was  a 
fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  and  died  in  Suffolk-street, 
Strand,  12th  October,  1775.  His  daughter,  Jane  Mary, 
became  the  wife  of  Edmund  Burke.  We  have  from  his 
pen — 

An  Essay  on  Hydrophobia.     8vo.  Lond.  1753. 

LUKE  WAYMAN,  M.D. — A  native  of  Huntingdon- 
shire, was  bred  an  apothecary,  in  which  capacity  he 
practised  for  several  years  at  Royston.  He  was  created 
a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Marischal  college,  Aberdeen, 
17th  December,  1760  ;  and  was  admitted  a  Licentiate 
of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1765. 

*  Life  of  Samuel  Johnson,  LL.D.  2nd  edition,  p.  415. 


1765]  ROYAL   COLLEGE  OF   PHYSICIANS.  269 

JAMES  FRANCIS  DE  LA  FONTAINE,  M.D. — A  Swiss, 
and  a  doctor  of  medicine,  but  of  what  university  is  not 
stated ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  25fch  June,  1765. 

JOHN  NAPIER,  M.D. — A  native  of  Scotland,  was  en- 
tered on  the  physic  line  at  Ley  den  29th  September, 
1734,  being  then  twenty  years  of  age,  and  graduated 
doctor  of  medicine  at  Rheims  10th  October,  1735.  He 
was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
25th  June,  1765. 

ROBERT  JAMES,  M.D.,  was  born,  in  1703,  at  Kin- 
vaston,  in  Staffordshire.  His  father  was  a  major  in 
the  army ;  his  mother  a  sister  of  Sir  Robert  CJarke.  He 
had  his  preliminary  education  at  the  grammar  school  of 
Lichfield,  where  he  was  contemporary  with  the  great 
lexicographer  Johnson.  He  went  thence  to  St.  John's 
college,  Oxford,  and  as  a  member  of  that  house  pro- 
ceeded A.B.  5th  July,  1726.  He  was  admitted  an  Ex- 
tra-Licentiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  12th  January, 
1727-8,  and  the  8th  May  of  the  same  year  was  created 
doctor  of  medicine  at  Cambridge,  by  royal  mandate. 
He  practised  successively  at  Sheffield,  Lichfield,  and 
Birmingham,  but  eventually  removed  to  London ;  and 
was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  25th  June, 
1765.  Dr.  James  was  the  inventor  of  the  celebrated 
"  fever  powders,"  which  bear  his  name.  He  was  a  per- 
son of  very  considerable  attainments,  and  was  highly 
esteemed  by  Dr.  Johnson,  who  is  reported  to  have  said 
of  him,  that  "  no  man  brought  more  mind  to  his  pro- 
fession ;"  but  he  tarnished  the  fair  fame  he  might  other- 
wise have  obtained,  by  patenting  his  powders,  and  falsi- 
fying their  specification.  Dr.  James  died  23rd  March, 
1776,  aged  seventy- three.  He  was  a  voluminous  writer, 
and  published  the  following  works  : — 

A  Medical  Dictionary,  with  a  History  of  Drags.  3  vols.  Fol. 
Lond.  1743. 

A  Treatise  on  the  Gout  and  Rheumatism.     8vo.  Lond.  1745. 


270  ROLL   OF   THE  [17G5 

A  Translation  of  Bammazini  de  Morbis  Artificum,  &c.  8vo. 
Lond.  1746. 

The  Presages  of  Life  and  Death  in  Diseases,  translated  from  the 
Latin  of  Prosper  Alpinus.  2  vols.  8vo.  Lond.  17-46. 

A  Dissertation  on  Fevers  and  Inflammatory  Distempers.  8vo. 
Lond.  1748. 

This  ran  to  eight  editions,  to  the  last  of  which,  a  posthu- 
mous publication,  was  appended — 

A  Vindication  of  the  Fever  Powder,  and  a  short  Treatise  on  the 
Disorders  of  Children.  8vo.  Lond.  1778. 

Pharmacopoeia  Universalis ;  or,  a  New  Universal  English  Dis- 
pensatory. 8vo.  Lond.  1752. 

The  Practice  of  Physick.     2  vols.  8vo.  Lond.  1760. 

A  Treatise  on  Canine  Madness.     8vo.  Lond.  1760. 

BENJAMIN  ALEXANDER,  M.D.,  was  an  Irishman.  On 
the  28th  November,  1761,  being  then  twenty-five  years 
of  age,  he  was  inscribed  on  the  physic  line  at  Leyden, 
preparatory  to  taking  his  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine, 
which  he  did  1st  December,  1761  (D.M.I,  de  Motu 
Musculorum).  He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1765.  He  was  elected 
physician  to  the  London  hospital  5th  June,  1765  ;  and 
died  27th  April,  1768,  about  the  thirty- third  year  of 
his  age.  Dr.  Alexander  is  still  remembered  by  his 
translation  into  English  of  Morgagni's  great  work  "  De 
Sedibus  et  Causis  Morborum,"  which  issued  from  the 
London  press,  in  three  volumes  quarto,  the  year  after 
his  death.  "Dr.  Alexander,"  says  Mr.  Wadd,  "was  a 
short,  corpulent  man,  and  so  great  a  devotee  of  the 
Brunonian  system,  that  he  drank  thirteen  pints  of  por- 
ter the  day  of  his  death.  He  was  not  in  much  business, 
and  was  chiefly  supported  by  two  bachelors  of  the  name 
of  Cook,  opulent  silk  mercers  at  Aldgate,  by  whose  in- 
terest he  was  introduced  into  the  London  hospital.  He 
used  to  say  he  undertook  the  translation  of  Morgagni's 
work  in  consequence  of  a  taunt  from  Sir  George  Baker, 
but  the  guinea  per  sheet  from  the  bookseller  was  a  more 
probable  cause.  He  was  a  clever  man,  but  vain  of  his 
talents." 


1765]  ROYAL   COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.  271 

JOHN  MATHER,  M.D.,  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  18th  September,  1765. 

WILLIAM  BAYLIES,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Worcester- 
shire, and  bred  an  apothecary,  in  which  capacity  he 
practised  for  some  years  in  the  country.  By  a  marriage 
with  the  daughter  of  Mr.  Thomas  Cookes,  a  wealthy 
and  influential  attorney  at  Evesham,  he  acquired  an  in- 
dependency, and  thereupon  determined  to  practise  as  a 
physician.  He  obtained  a  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine 
from  the  university  of  Aberdeen  18th  December,  1748, 
and  on  the  7th  August,  1759,  was  admitted  a  fellow  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  of  Edinburgh.  He  settled  at 
Bath,  and  shortly  afterwards  published  a  small  treatise, 
entitled  "Reflections  on  the  Use  and  Abuse  of  Bath 
Waters/'  which  involved  him  in  an  acrimonious  dispute 
with  Dr.  Lucas  and  Dr.  Oliver,  the  two  leading  physi- 
cians in  that  city.  He  next  printed  "  A  Narrative  of 
Facts,  demonstrating  the  Existence  and  Cause  of  a  Phy- 
sical Confederacy,  made  known  in  the  printed  letters  of 
Dr.  Lucas  and  Dr.  Oliver ;"  and,  in  consequence  of  this 

Publication,  was  excluded  from  all  consultations  at  Bath, 
n  1761  Dr.  Baylies  was  a  candidate  for  the  represen- 
tation of  Evesham  in  Parliament ;  and  in  November  of 
that  year  presented  a  petition  against  the  return  of  one 
of  the  members,  alleging  that  he  himself  had  received 
a  majority  of  votes,  and  ought  to  have  been  returned. 
The  petition  was  ordered  to  be  heard  the  15th  of  De- 
cember ;  but  before  the  day  arrived  it  was  allowed  to 
be  withdrawn.  Having  lost  all  chance  of  success  at 
Bath,  he  removed  to  London ;  and  on  the  8th  Novem- 
ber, 1764,  was  elected  physician  to  the  Middlesex  hos- 
pital. He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  30th  September,  1765  ;  and  about  that  time 
"  took  a  magnificent  house  in  Great  George-street, 
Westminster,  where  he  kept  an  excellent  table  and  tine 
carriages,  gave  splendid  entertainments  and  wines,  and 
was  remarkable  for  an  enormous  tie-wig.  He  lived  there 
about  six  months,  put  off  notes,  and  then  was  obliged 


272  ROLL   OF   THE  [1765 

to  abscond,  on  account  of  some  disgraceful  money  trans- 
actions." He  retreated  to  Germany,  and  practised  first 
at  Dresden,  and  then  at  Berlin,  where  he  succeeded  in 
gaining  the  confidence  and  patronage  of  Frederick  the 
Great.  The  doctor  died  at  Berlin,  apparently  a  rich 
man,  the  2nd  March,  1787,  aged  sixty-three.  A  por- 
trait of  him,  by  H.  Schmid,  engraved  by  D.  Berger,  was 
published  at  Berlin.  Dr.  Baylies,  in  addition  to  the 
two  pamphlets  above  mentioned,  was  the  author  of — 

Remarks  on  Perry's  Analysis  of  the  Stratford  Mineral  Water. 
8vo.  Stratford-upon-Avon.  1745. 

A  History  of  the  General  Hospital  or  Infirmary  at  Bath.  8vo. 
Lond.  1758. 

Facts  and  Observations  relative  to  Inoculation  at  Berlin.  8vo. 
Edinb.  1781. 

JOHN  FORD,  M.D. — A  native  of  London,  and  a  doc- 
tor of  medicine  of  the  university  of  St.  Andrew's  ;  was 
admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th 
September,  1765.  He  practised  as  an  accoucheur,  and 
was  for  many  years  physician  to  the  Charity  for  Deli- 
vering Poor  Married  Women  at  their  own  Houses.  Dr. 
Ford  died  at  his  house  in  Highbury-place  27th  May, 
1806,  aged  seventy.  "About  twenty  years  before  his 
death  he  retired  from  practice ;  and  having  married  a 
rich  widow,  had  since  resided  in  Highbury-place.  He 
was  a  man  of  learning  and  much  respected,  a  Methodist, 
and  for  many  years  had  been  in  the  habit  of  occasionally 
preaching  at  the  principal  chapels  of  that  sect."* 

JOSEPH  ALLEN,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Ireland,  and  bred 
a  surgeon,  in  which  capacity  he  accompanied  lord 
Anson  in  his  celebrated  voyage  round  the  globe.  On 
his  return  to  England  he  was  chosen  master  of  Dulwich 
college.  He  obtained  the  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine 
from  the  university  of  St.  Andrew's  23rd  April,  1754  ; 
and  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physi- 
cians 30th  September,  1765.  Dr.  Allen  retained  his 
mastership  of  Dulwich  college  for  thirty  years,  and  then 
*  Gentleman's  Magazine. 


1765]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  273 

vacated  it  by  marriage.  He  died,  after  a  few  days'  ill- 
ness, on  the  10th  January,  1796,  being  then  in  his 
eighty-third  year,  and,  as  was  believed,  the  last  survivor 
of  those  who  accompanied  Lord  Anson.  "  His  conduct 
in  public  and  private  life  was  most  exemplary ;  he  was 
charitable,  just  and  liberal,  full  of  information,  friend- 
ship, and  benevolence  ;  and  by  his  will,  dated  12th  No- 
vember, 1793,  bequeathed  500Z.  to  the  Asylum;  500/. 
to  the  Lying-in  hospital,  and  200?.  to  the  vicar  and 
churchwardens  of  Camberwell,  the  interest  on  which 
was  to  be  laid  out  in  coals  and  distributed  annually 
among  the  poor  housekeepers  of  Dulwich  for  ever." 
Dr.  Allen's  portrait,  by  G.  Bomney,  was  engraved  by 
C.  Townley. 

JAMES  WALKER,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine  of  St. 
Andrew's,  and  a  fellow  of  the  College  of  Physicians  of 
Edinburgh ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College 
of  Physicians  of  London  23rd  December,  1765.  He 
practised  in  Jamaica,  and  his  name  continues  on  our 
list  until  1804. 

FRANCIS  DE  YALINGEN,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Berne 
in  Switzerland,  and  received  his  general  and  medical 
education  at  Leyden.  Though  educated  in  physic,  it 
was  not  originally  his  intention  to  pursue  it  as  a  pro- 
fession, his  connections  having  led  him  to  look  for 
advancement  in  a  department  of  public  life.  Towards 
the  end  of  the  reign  of  George  the  Second,  he  kissed 
hands  on  receiving  some  diplomatic  appointment  to  the 
court  of  Madrid ;  but  on  the  retreat  of  his  patron  from 
power  almost  immediately  afterwards,  he  declined  the 
honour,  and  then  devoted  himself  to  physic.  He  was 
created  doctor  of  medicine  by  the  university  of  St. 
Andrew's  9th  July,  1763  ;  and  was  admitted  a  Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  23rd  December, 
1765.  He  resided  in  Fore-street,  Cripplegate;  but  about 
1772  purchased  some  ground  near  White  Conduit-fields 
where  he  erected  a  house,  extensive  in  conveniences 

VOL.  II.  T 


274  ROLL  OF  THE  [17G6 

but  fanciful  in  construction,  being  built  on  a  plan  laid 
down  by  himself.  At  this  suburban  house,  Hermes- 
hill,  Pentonville,  he  thenceforward  resided,  but  he  con- 
tinued his  practice  in  Fore-street.  He  died,  after  a 
short  illness,  1st  March,  1805,  aged  eighty,  at  Hermes- 
hill,  and  was  buried  in  Cripplegate  church.  Dr.  de 
Valingen  was  a  person  of  refined  taste  and  an  ardent 
lover  of  music  and  painting — in  the  former  art  he  was 
a  good  performer,  and  he  left  behind  him  in  manuscript 
some  remarks  on  the  theory  of  musical  composition.* 
He  was  the  author  of  "A  Treatise  on  Diet."  8vo.  Lond. 
1768  ;  and  was  the  first  to  suggest  the  employment  of 
the  chloride  of  arsenic  in  practice.  A  large  quantity 
of  this  compound  he  prepared  with  his  own  hands,  and 
presented  it  to  the  Apothecaries'  Company,  under  the 
name  of  "  solvent  mineral,"  a  solution  of  which  was 
thenceforward  kept  on  sale  at  the  Hall,  and  was  ex- 
tensively prescribed  by  some  of  the  leading  physicians 
in  the  city.  It  was  supposed  to  be  safer  and  more  effi- 
cacious than  Fowler's  solution,  and  on  these  grounds 
was  admitted  into  the  last  London  Pharmacopoeia,  under 
the  name  of  Liquor  Arsenici  Chloridi.  Dr.  de  Valin- 
gen's  portrait,  by  Abbot,  was  engraved  by  J.  Collyer 
in  1794. 

WILLIAM  VAUGHAN,  M.D.,  was  born  in  London,  and 
received  his  medical  education  at  Edinburgh,  where  he 
graduated  doctor  of  medicine  19th  July,  1756  (D.M.I, 
de  Kheumatismo).  He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  23rd  December,  1765  ;  and 
died  at  his  house  in  Union-court,  Old  Broad-street, 
from  the  effects  of  a  violent  cold,  7th  August,  1790, 
aged  fifty-nine.  He  is  represented  as  a  good  practi- 
tioner, a  passionate  lover  of  music  and  poetry,  an  ac- 
complished classical  scholar,  and  an  enthusiastic  admirer 
of  Virgil  and  Homer. 

JOHN  BRISBANE,  M.D. — A  Scotchman,  and  a  doctor 

*  Wadd's  Nugee  Chimrgicse,  p.  26o. 


1766]  ROYAL   COLLEGE  OP  PHYSICIANS.  275 

of  medicine  of  Edinburgh  of  1750  (D.M.I.  de  iis  quse 
Medico  ad  artem  bene  exercendam  adesae  debent),  was 
admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  24th 
March,  1766.  He  was  elected  physician  to  the  Mid- 
dlesex hospital  4th  May,  1758.  In  February,  1772, 
he  obtained  leave  of  absence  from  the  hospital  lor  three 
months — this  in  April  was  extended  to  a  further  period 
of  six  months,  and  in  November  to  the  1st  June,  1773. 
Failing  then  to  return,  the  office  of  physician  was  de- 
clared vacant.  Dr.  Brisbane's  name  disappears  from 
the  College  list  in  1776.  He  was  the  author  of — 

Select  Cases  in  the  Practice  of  Medicine.     8vo.  Lond.  1762. 

Anatomy  of  Painting ;  or,  a  Short  aud  Easy  Introduction  to 
Anatomy,  &c.,  &c.  To  which  are  added,  the  Anatomy  of  Celsus, 
with  notes,  and  the  Physiology  of  Cicero.  Folio.  Lond*.  1769. 

JOHN  GREEN,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Middlesex,  and  edu- 
cated at  St.  John's  college,  Oxford,  as  a  member  of 
which  he  proceeded  A.B.  10th  October,  1744;  A.M. 
8th  July,  1745  ;  M.B.  28th  April,  1748  ;  and  M.D.  4th 
February,  1752.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1765  ;  and  a  Fellow, 
25th  June,  1766.  Dr.  Green  delivered  the  Harveian 
oration  in  1771.  He  resided  at  Greenwich,  and  was 
Censor  in  1777,  but  did  not  live  through  his  year  of 
office.  He  died  1st  January,  1778. 

JOHN  LEAKE,  M.D.,  was  born  the  8th  June,  1729,  at 
Ainstable,  in  Cumberland,  of  which  place  his  father, 
the  Rev.  William  Leake,  was  then  curate.  He  was  a 
doctor  of  medicine  of  Rheims  of  the  9th  August,  1763, 
and  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physi- 
cians 25th  June,  1766.  He  devoted  himself  to  mid- 
wifery, delivered  lectures  on  that  subject,  and  was  the 
first  physician  appointed  to  the  Westminster  Lying-in 
hospital,  of  which  institution  he  is  regarded  as  the 
founder.  He  died  at  his  house  in  Parliament-street, 
8th  August,  1792,  and  was  buried  on  the  16th  in  the 
north  cloister  of  Westminster  Abbey.  Dr.  Leake's 

T  2 


276  BOLL   OF   THE  [1706 

portrait  was  painted  by  D.  Gardiner,  and  engraved  by 
Bartolozzi.     His  published  works  are — 

A  Syllabus  of  Lectures  on  the  Theory  and  Practice  of  Midwifery. 
4to.  Lond.  1767. 

Practical  Observations  on  Childbed  Fever ;  also  on  the  Nature 
and  Treatment  of  Uterine  Hemorrhage,  Convulsions,  &c.  8vo. 
Lond.  1772. 

A  Lecture  introductory  to  the  Theory  and  Practice  of  Midwifery. 
4to.  Lond.  1773. 

Practical  Observations  on  the  Acute  Diseases  incident  to  Women. 
8vo.  Lond.  1774. 

The  Description  and  Use  of  a  New  Forceps.     4to.  Lond.  1773. 

Vindication  of  his  Forceps  against  the  remarks  of  T.  Denman, 
M.D.  4to.  Lond.  1774. 

Introduction  to  the  Theory  and  Practice  of  Midwifery.  8vo. 
Lond.  1777. 

Medical  Instructions  towards  the  Prevention  and  Cure  of  Chronic 
or  Slow  Diseases  peculiar  to  Women.  8vo.  Lond.  1777. 

A  Dissertation  on  the  Properties  and  Efficacy  of  the  Lisbon  Diet 
Drink  in  the  Venereal,  Scurvy,  Gout,  &c.  8vo.  Lond. 

A  Practical  Essay  on  Diseases  of  the  Viscera,  particularly  of  the 
Stomach  and  Bowels,  the  Liver,  Spleen,  and  Urinary  Bladder.  8vo. 
Lond.  1792. 

ROBERT  BROMFIELD,  M.D. — A  native  of  Hampton, 
and  a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Marischal  college,  Aber- 
deen of  25th  May,  1766  ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate 
of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1766.  Dr. 
Bromfield  was  physician  to  the  British  Lying-in  hos- 
pital. He  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society 
22nd  April,  1779  ;  and  he  died  24th  March,  1786. 

ROWLAND  JACKSON,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Ireland,  and 
graduated  doctor  of  medicine  at  Rheims  16th  August, 
1746.  He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  25th  June,  1766  ;  and  then  went  to  Cal- 
cutta, where  he  probably  died  in  1787  or  1788.  He 
was  the  author  of — 

De  Vera  Phlebotomise  Theoria  Sanguinis  Circulationis  Legibus 
innixa  Tentamen.  8vo.  Lond.  1747. 

A  Physical  Dissertation  on  Drowning,  in  which  submersion  is 
shewn  to  be  a  long  time  consistent  with  the  continuance  of  life. 
8vo.  Lond.  1747. 


1766]     ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        277 

A  New  Theory  of  the  Oblate  Spheroidical  Figure  of  the  Earth. 
8vo.  Lond.  1748. 

DANIEL  BRIDGES  was  bred  as  an  apothecary ;  but, 
ambitious  of  a  higher  position,  he  presented  himself 
before  the  Elects  of  the  College  of  Physicians,  and  on 
the  4th  October,  1766,  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licen- 
tiate. He  practised  at  Hull,  and  was  the  first  appointed 
physician  (1782)  to  the  infirmary  in  that  town.  "  With 
his  more  regular  practice  as  a  physician  he  combined 
that  of  an  accoucheur,  much  against  the  wishes  of  the 
surgeons  and  contemporary  apothecaries,  so  that  he 
was  obliged  to  connect  himself  with  a  dispensing  drug- 
gist, then  quite  a  new  character ;  and  thus,  though 
well  respected  by  a  particular  set  of  acquaintances,  he 
never  attained  any  eminence  in  the  opinion  of  the 
faculty,  or  of  the  higher  ranks  in  the  town  or  country. 
He  was  a  man  of  genius  and  a  scholar,  though  rough 
in  his  manner.  He  it  was  who  first  discovered  a 
method  of  converting  spermaceti  into  a  composition 
well  adapted  for  burning  as  wax  ;  and  the  Hull  sper- 
maceti candles,  which  he  manufactured,  were  burned 
in  almost  every  drawing-room  in  the  kingdom.  Had 
he  had  common  prudence,  and  kept  the  invention 
secret,  he  might  have  died  rich  from  this  manufacture 
alone ;  but,  being  fond  of  company  and  shooting,  he 
entrusted  his  secret  to  his  workman,  who  soon  found 
occasion  to  leave  him  and  set  up  for  himself,  and  thus 
to  draw  away  most  industriously  the  advantages  of  the 
invention.  His  family  came  to  poverty,  whilst  his  ser- 
vant left  a  fortune  behind  him."*  He  died  about  the 
year  1792. 

PETER  SWINTON,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Cheshire,  and 
obtained  his  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  from  Marischal 
college,  Aberdeen,  3rd  October,  1764.  He  was  admitted 
a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  22nd  Decem- 

*  MS.  Sketches  of  some  of  his  Contemporaries,  by  John  Alder- 
son,  M.D.  of  Hull.  Penes  Jac.  Alderson,  M.D. 


278  BOLL   OF   THE  [1767 

ber,  1766  ;  and  dying  in   1785,  aged  fifty-seven,  was 
buried  at  St.  Sepulchre's,  Snow-hill. 

WILLIAM  FALCONER,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Chester,  in 
February,  1744,  and  was  the  son  of  William  Falconer, 
esq.,  recorder  of  that  city,  by  his  wife  Elizabeth,  a 
daughter  of  R.  Wilbraham,  esq.,  of  Townsend,  near 
Nantwich.  He  received  his  medical  education  at  Edin- 
burgh, where  he  took  the  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine 
in  1766  (D.M.I,  de  Nephritide  Vera).  He  then  pro- 
ceeded to  Leyden,  and  attended  the  lectures  of  Gaubius 
and  Albinus.  He  was  admitted  an  Extra- Licentiate 
of  the  College  of  Physicians  12th  March,  1767  ;  and, 
settling  in  practice  at  Chester,  was  the  same  year 
elected  physician  to  the  Chester  infirmary,  and  on  the 
18th  March,  1773,  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal 
Society.  After  a  successful  career  in  Chester,  Dr.  Fal- 
coner removed  to  Bath.  His  scientific  reputation  had 
preceded  him,  and  at  once  introduced  him  into  good 
practice.  He  was  appointed  physician  to  the  Bath 
general  hospital  the  12th  May,  1784,  an  office  which 
he  retained  until  the  10th  February,  1819.  He  died 
at  his  house  in  the  Circus,  Bath,  31st  August,  1824, 
aged  eighty,  and  was  buried  at  Weston,  where  he  is 
thus  commemorated : — 

Beneath  are  deposited  the  remains  of 

WM.  FALCONER,  M.D.,  F.R.S.,  son  of  Wm.  Falconer, 

Recorder  of  Chester,  and  Elizth.  Wilbraham,  dau. 

of  Randle  Wilbraham,  of  Nantwich,  Cheshire. 

Born  Feb.  23  (N.S.),  1744,  died  Aug.  31,  1824. 

HENRIETTA,  his  wife,  dau.  of  Thomas  Edmunds  of  Wosboro'  Hall, 

York. 
Born  March  22,  1739;  died  Sept.  10,  1803. 

Dr.  Falconer  was  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society,  and 
a  man  of  varied  attainments,  general  as  well  as  pro- 
fessional. He  occupied  a  prominent  position  among 
his  contemporaries ;  and  his  writings,  which  were  very 
numerous,  are  still  deservedly  esteemed.  They  are — 

An  Essay  on  Bath  Waters.     8vo.  Lond.  1772. 


1767]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  279 

Observations  on  Dr.  Cadogan's  Dissertation  on  the  Gout  and 
all  Chronic  Diseases.  8vo.  Lond.  1772. 

An  Essay  on  the  Bath  Waters  :  on  their  External  Use.  In  Two 
Parts.  I.  On  Warm  Bathing  in  General.  II.  On  the  External 
Use  of  the  Bath  Waters.  8vo.  1774. 

Observations  and  Experiments  on  the  Poison  of  Copper.  12mo. 
Lond.  1774. 

An  Essay  on  the  Water  used  in  Diet  at  Bath.  12mo.  Lond. 
1776. 

Experiments  and  Observations.  In  Three  Parts.  8vo.  Lond. 
1776. 

Observations  on  some  of  the  Articles  of  Diet  and  Regimen 
usually  recommended  to  Valetudinarians.  12mo.  Lond.  1778. 

Remarks  on  the  Influence  of  Climate,  Situation,  Country,  Popu- 
lation, Food,  and  Way  of  Life.  4to.  Lond.  1781. 

Account  of  the  Epidemic  Catarrhal  Fever  called  the  Influenza. 
8vo.  Lond.  1782. 

On  the  Influence  of  the  Passions  upon  tbe  Disorders  of  the  Body. 
8vo.  Lond.  1788. 

Essay  on  the  Preservation  of  the  Health  of  Persons  Employed  in 
Agriculture,  and  on  the  Cure  of  Diseases  incident  to  that  Way  of 
Life.  8vo.  Bath.  1789. 

A  Brief  Account  of  the  newly-discovered  Water  at  Middle  Hill, 
near  Box,  in  Wiltshire.  8vo.  1789. 

Practical  Dissertation  on  the  Medicinal  Effects  of  the  Bath 
Waters.  8vo.  Bath.  1790. 

An  Account  of  the  Efficacy  of  the  Aqua  Mephitica  Alkalina  in 
Calculous  Disorders  and  other  Complaints  of  the  Urinary  Passages. 
8vo.  Lond.  1792. 

Miscellaneous  Tracts  and  Collections  relating  to  Natural  History, 
selected  from  the  Principal  Writers  of  Antiquity  on  that  subject. 
4to.  Camb.  1793. 

An  Account  of  the  Use,  Application,  and  Success  of  the  Bath 
Waters  in  Rheumatic  Cases.  8vo.  Lond.  1795. 

Observations  respecting  the  Pulse.     12mo.  Lond.  1796. 

An  Essay  on  the  Plague ;  also,  a  Sketch  of  a  Plan  of  Internal 
Police.  8vo.  Lond.  1801. 

An  Examination  of  Dr.  Heberden's  Observations  on  the  Increase 
and  Decrease  of  Different  Diseases,  and  particularly  the  Plague. 
8vo.  Bath.  1802. 

An  Account  of  the  Epidemic  Catarrhal  Fever,  commonly  called 
the  Influenza,  as  it  appeared  at  Bath  in  the  Winter  and  Spring  of 
1803.  8vo.  Bath.  1803. 

A  Remonstrance  addressed  to  the  Rev.  Richard  Warner  on  the 
subject  of  his  Fast  Sermon.  8vo.  Bath.  1804. 

A  Dissertation  on  the  Ischias ;  or,  the  Disease  of  the  Hip- joint, 
commonly  called  a  Hip  Case.  8vo.  Lond.  1805. 

Arrian's  Voyage  round  the  Enxine  Sea,  with  a  Geographical  De- 
scription ;  and  three  Discourses.  4to.  Oxford.  1805. 


280  ROLL   OF   THE  [1767 

Observations  on  the  Words  which  the  Centurion  uttered  at  the 
Crucifixion  of  our  Lord.  8vo.  Oxford.  1805. 

Dissertation  on  St.  Paul's  Voyage  from  Ceesarea  to  Puteoli ;  on 
the  Wind  Euroclydon ;  and  on  the  Apostle's  Shipwreck  on  the 
Island  of  Melite.  8vo.  Oxford.  1817. 

Dr.  Falconer's  portrait,  by  Daniel,  was  engraved  by 
J.  Fittler. 

ALEXANDER  HAY,  M.D. — A  native  of  Edinburgh, 
and  a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Leyden,  of  14th  December, 
1765  (D.M.I.  de  Affectionibus  Hystericis  et  Hypochon- 
driacis) ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  13th  April,  1767.  He  was  admitted  a  fel- 
low of  the  Eoyal  Society  25th  June,  1778. 

ROBERT  THOMLINSON,  M.D.,  was  born  in  London,  and 
educated  at  Trinity  college,  Cambridge.  He  proceeded 
M.B.  1740  ;  M.D.  1766  ;  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  30th  September,  1766 ;  and 
a  Fellow  30th  September,  1767.  He  was  Censor  in 
1769,  1773,  1779,  1784;  Treasurer  from  1780  to  1787 
inclusive  ;  and  was  named  an  Elect  30th  September, 
1784.  Dr.  Thomlinson  was  physician  to  Guy's  hospital, 
to  which  he  was  elected  10th  August,  1764.  He  died 
of  gout  in  the  stomach  5th  June,  1788. 

JOHN  LEWIS  PETIT,  M.D.,  was  descended  from  a  re- 
spectable French  family  that  fled  to  this  country  on  the 
revocation  of  the  edict  of  Nantes.  He  was  the  son  of 
John  Petit,  esq.,  of  Little  Aston,  in  the  parish  of  Shen- 
stone,  Staffordshire,  by  his  wife  Sarah,  daughter  of  John 
Hayes,  of  Wolverhampton,  esq.  ;  and  was  educated  at 
Queen's  college,  Cambridge,  as  a  member  of  which  house 
he  proceeded  A.B.  1756,  A.M.  1759,  M.D.  1766.  He 
was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
30th  September,  1766  ;  and  a  Fellow  30th  September, 
1767.  He  delivered  the  Gulstonian  lectures  in  1768  ; 
and  was  Censor  1768,  1774, 1777.  Dr.  Petit  was  elected 
physician  to  St.  George's  hospital  2nd  February,  1770  ; 


1767]  ROYAL  COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  281 

but  resigned  that  office  in  1774,  having,  on  the  17th 
March  in  that  year,  been  elected  physician  to  St.  Bar- 
tholomew's hospital.  He  died  in  the  prime  of  life,  on 
the  27th  May,  1780. 

JOHN  CAVERHILL. — A  Scotchman ;  admitted  a  Li- 
centiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  September, 
1767.  He  died  at  Old  Melrose,  Roxburghshire,  1st 
September,  1781.  He  was  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  So- 
ciety, and  the  author  of 

A  Treatise  on  the  Cause  and  Cure  of  Gout.     8vo.  Lond.  1769. 

Experiments  on  the  Causes  of  Heat  in  Living  Animals.  8vo. 
Lond.  1770. 

A  Dissertation  on  Nervous  Ganglions  and  Nervous  Plexus.  8vo. 
Lond.  1772. 

Explanation  of  the  Seventy  Weeks  of  Daniel,  and  of  the  several 
Sections  of  the  Seventy  Weeks.  To  which  is  added,  An  Exposition 
of  the  Chronology  of  the  Jewish  Judges.  With  Tables  illustrating 
both  Subjects.  8vo.  Lond.  1777. 

EDWARD  SPRY,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Plymouth.  Des- 
tined by  his  father  for  the  church,  he  received  an  ex- 
cellent classical  education,  and  was  matriculated  at 
Oxford.  His  own  predilection  being  for  physic  rather 
than  theology,  he  soon  left  the  university,  and  return- 
ing to  Plymouth,  was  apprenticed  for  five  years  to  Mr. 
George  Woollcombe,  an  eminent  practitioner  in  that 
town.  On  the  completion  of  his  articles,  Mr.  Spry  pro- 
ceeded to  London,  where  he  attended  lectures  and  the 
medical  and  surgical  practice  of  the  two  borough  hospi- 
tals. He  then  travelled  on  the  continent  for  a  some- 
what lengthened  period ;  and  having  visited  the  most 
celebrated  universities  and  medical  schools  of  Scotland, 
Ireland,  France,  Holland,  and  Italy,  he  returned  to  De- 
vonshire and  commenced  practice  as  a  surgeon  at  Ply- 
mouth. In  1756  Mr.  Spry's  name  was  brought  promi- 
nently before  the  scientific  world.  At  the  fire  of  the 
Eddystone  lighthouse,  on  the  4th  December,  1754,  a 
man  ninety-four  years  of  age  was  seriously  injured  by 
the  fall  of  a  quantity  of  molten  lead  upon  him,  a  por- 
tion of  which,  to  use  the  old  man's  reiterated  assertion, 


282  ROLL   OF   THE  [1767 

"  ran  down  his  throat  into  his  body."  With  much  diffi- 
culty the  aged  sufferer  was  brought  on  shore,  when 
Mr.  Spry  was  sent  for.  His  treatment  of  the  case  was 
eminently  judicious,  and  the  man  survived  the  accident 
for  twelve  days.  On  examination  after  death,  a  lump 
of  lead,  3f  inches  in  length  by  Ij  in  breadth,  and 
weighing  7  oz.  5  drs.  1 8  grs.  was  extracted  from  the  sto- 
mach. Mr.  Spry  immediately  drew  up  an  account  of 
the  case,  and  on  the  19th  December,  1755,  forwarded  it 
to  the  Royal  Society.  The  circumstances  were  so  ex- 
traordinary as  to  raise  some  doubts  of  the  writer's  vera- 
city ;  the  reading  of  the  paper  was,  therefore,  post- 
poned, confirmatory  evidence  was  demanded,  and  Sir 
William  (then  Mr.)  Watson,  an  influential  fellow  of  the 
society,  wrote  to  Dr.  Huxham  requesting  him  to  inquire 
into  the  case.  Unfortunately  Mr.  Spry  had  been  alone 
at  the  post-mortem  examination  of  the  body,  and  no 
eye-witness  of  the  actual  removal  of  the  lead  from  the 
stomach  could  be  produced.  Mr.  Spry,  therefore,  in- 
stituted a  series  of  experiments  upon  the  lower  animals, 
which  proved  so  conclusive  that  he  drew  up  a  report  of 
them  in  a  letter  addressed  directly  to  the  president  of 
the  society— the  earl  of  Macclesfield.  Dr.  Huxham, 
too,  who  would  seem  in  the  first  instance  to  have  been 
incredulous,  expressed  himself  perfectly  satisfied,  and 
in  his  reply  to  Sir  William  Watson  testified  to  his  own 
belief  in  Mr.  Spry's  veracity.  The  original  report  of 
the  case,  Mr.  Spry's  letter  to  the  president,  and  Dr. 
Huxhain's  communication,  were  read  to  the  society  on 
the  5th  February,  1756,  and  published  in  the  "Philoso- 
phical Transactions/'  vol.  xlix,  p.  477. 

On  the  4th  January,  1759,  Mr.  Spry  was  created 
doctor  of  medicine  by  the  university  of  Aberdeen.  He 
continued,  however,  in  general  practice  until  1762, 
when  he  retired  from  that  laborious  branch  of  the  pro- 
fession. Intending  to  practise  thenceforward  as  a  phy- 
sician, he  devoted  himself  for  a  time  to  further  study, 
and  with  this  view  proceeded  to  the  continent,  where 
he  once  more  visited  the  principal  medical  schools  of 


1768]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        283 

Europe.  He  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  9th  November,  1767  ;  and  then, 
passing  over  to  Holland,  proceeded  master  of  arts  and 
doctor  of  medicine  at  Leyden  20th  January,  1768 
(D.M.I,  de  Variolis  ac  Morbillis  iisque  Inoculandis, 
4to.).  Dr.  Spry  commenced  his  career  as  a  physician 
at  Totnes,  where  he  practised  for  three  or  four  years 
with  considerable  success.  Desirous,  however,  of  a 
wider  field  for  his  exertions,  he  determined  on  removing 
to  his  native  town.  Prior  thereto,  he  passed  a  session 
at  Edinburgh  ;  and  on  the  3rd  May,  1774,  was  ad- 
mitted a  fellow  of  the  College  of  Physicians  there. 
.Returning  to  Devonshire,  he  proceeded  direct  to  Ply- 
mouth, where  he  arrived  but  a  few  months  before  Dr. 
Remmett,  with  whom  he  shared  for  some  years  the 
practice  and  professional  emoluments  of  the  town  and 
neighbourhood.  Dr.  Spry  was  a  good  linguist.  He 
wrote  Latin  with  great  facility  and  elegance ;  his 
knowledge  of  Greek  was  considerable,  and  he  read 
Hebrew  and  Arabic.  To  these  he  added  an  acquaint- 
ance with  French  and  German.  In  his  exercise  at 
Leyden  for  his  doctor's  degree,  are  numerous  quota- 
tions in  all  these  languages.  Those  in  Hebrew  and 
Arabic  occur,  indeed,  with  a  frequency  that  savours 
somewhat  of  ostentatious  display.  I  have  not  recovered 
the  precise  date  of  Dr.  Spry's  death.  It  must  have 
occurred  before  October,  1796,  for  his  name  has  disap- 
peared from  the  College  list  then  published. 

JOHN  KEAY,  of  Newmarket,  in  the  county  of  Flint, 
was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  15th  December,  1767. 

JOHN  TAPRELL,  of  the  county  of  Derby,  was  ad- 
mitted an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  19th  Feb- 
ruary, 1768. 

NICHOLSON  DOUBLEDAY,  M.D.,  was  the  seventh  son 
of  Humphrey  Doubleday,  of  Butterby  and  Old  Elvet, 


284  ROLL   OF   THE  [1768 

co.  Durham  (who  died  in  1727,  aged  sixty-two),  by  his 
wife  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Martin  Nicholson,  of  Dur- 
ham, merchant.  He  was  a  doctor  of  medicine  of  the 
university  of  Rheims,  and  was  admitted  an  Extra- 
Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  29th  March, 
1768.  He  practised  first  at  Hexham,  and  then  at 
Berwick-upon-Tweed,  and  died  12th  April,  1802. 

JOHN  TURTON,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Staffordshire,  and 
educated  at  Queen's  college,  Oxford,  as  a  member  of 
which  he  proceeded  A.B.  16th  June,  1756  ;  A.M.  31st 
May,  1759.  He  was  elected  Radcliffe  travelling  fellow 
in  May,  1761,  and  in  September  of  that  year  was  en- 
tered on  the  physic  line  at  Leyden.  As  a  member  of 
University  college  he  proceeded  M.B.  llth  December, 
1762,  and  M.D.  27th  February,  1767.  He  was  ad- 
mitted a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  24th 
September,  1767;  and  a  Fellow,  30th  September,  1768  ; 
was  Censor  in  1769,  1775, 1782, 1788  ;  and  was  named 
an  Elect  25th  June,  1788.  Dr.  Turton's  progress 
as  a  physician  was  unusually  rapid,  and  he  accumu- 
lated a  very  ample  fortune.  In  1771  he  was  appointed 
physician  to  the  queen's  household  ;  in  1782,  physician 
in  ordinary  to  the  queen,  and  physician  extraordinary 
to  the  king  ;  and  in  1797,  physician  in  ordinary  to  the 
king,  and  to  the  prince  of  Wales.  Dr.  Turton  was  a 
fellow  of  the  Royal  Society,  and  of  the  Royal  Society 
of  Medicine  of  Paris.  He  resigned  his  place  of  Elect 
26th  December,  1800,  and  died  the  14th  of  April,  1806, 
aged  seventy,  leaving  to  his  widow  a  life  interest  in 
the  whole  of  his  fortune,  a  few  legacies  only  excepted, 
namely,  nine  thousand  a  year  in  landed  estates,  most 
of  which  were  in  Yorkshire,  and  sixty  thousand  pounds 
in  the  funds.  Having  no  family,  Dr.  Turton  adopted 
as  his  heir  his  kinsman,  Mr.  Edmund  Peters,  who  as- 
sumed the  name  of  Turton  on  succeeding  to  the  pro- 
perty. Dr.  Turton  purchased  Brasted-place,  co.  Kent, 
of  lord  Frederick  Campbell,  and  made  it  his  country 
house.  He  pulled  down  the  old  mansion,  "  venerable 


1769]      EOYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        285 

enough  for  its  antiquity,"  said  Philipott,  and  built  the 
original  portion  of  the  present  imposing  mansion.  To 
his  new  house  Dr.  Turton  transferred  some  interesting 
mementoes  of  royal  favour.  The  clock  which  now  tells 
the  time  to  the  inhabitants  of  Brasted  was  a  present 
from  George  III,  and  had  once  a  more  exalted  position 
and  the  more  public  duty  of  striking  the  hours,  as  the 
time  oracle  of  all  London  from  the  turret  at  the  Horse 
Guards.  And  on  the  wall  of  the  billiard-room  is  still 
preserved  the  document  which  the  emperor  of  China 
had  forwarded  to  the  king  illustrating  the  different  arts 
and  manufactures  of  the  Celestial  empire.  This  was  a 
present  from  queen  Caroline  to  her  physician,  * 

Dr.  Turton  is  commemorated  in  Brasted  church  by  a 
massive  white  marble  monument — a  sarcophagus  on 
which  are  placed  a  bible  and  prayer-book,  and  a  snake 
coiled  round  a  staff.  The  monument  bears  the  follow- 
ing inscription  : — 

Mary  the  wife  of  John  Turton,  M.D., 

caused  this  monument  to  be  erected 

to  the  memory  of  her  beloved  husband. 

Eminently  skilled  in  the  medical  art, 

He  saved  or  lengthened  the  lives  of  others. 

His  own  alas !  this  marble  tells  us  no  art  could  save. 

With  full  hope  in  Christ,  of  life  to  come  immortal, 

He  died  April  14th,  1806,  aged  70. 

His  widow  survived  until  28th  January,  1810,  and 
is  also  commemorated  in  Brasted  church. 

WILLIAM  COOPER,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Worcestershire. 
On  the  24th  November,  1766,  being  then  twenty-five 
years  of  age,  he  was  entered  on  the  physic  line  at 
Leyden,  where  he  graduated  doctor  of  medicine  3rd 
February,  1767  (D.M.I,  de  Abortionibus).  He  was  ad- 
mitted a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  20th 
March,  1769.  Dr.  Cooper  was  chiefly  engaged  in  the 
practice  of  midwifery,  and  was  one  of  the  physicians  to 

*  History  of  Brasted,  its  manor,  parish  and  church,  by  J.  Cave 
Brown,  A.M.  8vo.  Westerham.  1874. 


28 G  ROLL   OF   THE  [".770 

the  charity  for  delivering  poor  married  women  at  their 
own  houses.     He  died  in  May,  1779. 

PETER  HOOKE,  A.M.,  was  of  Catherine  hall,  Cam- 
bridge, and  proceeded  A.B.  1753  ;  A.M.  1756.  He 
was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  23rd  May,  1769.  He  settled  at  Norwich, 
was  appointed  physician  to  the  Norfolk  and  Norwich 
hospital  on  its  establishment  in  1772,  and  dying  at  his 
house  in  that  city  in  September  1804,  was  buried  the  3rd 
October  at  St.  Stephen's  church. 

JOHN  BOSTOCK,  M.D.,  was  educated  at  Edinburgh, 
under  Dr.  Cullen,  whose  esteem  and  affection  he  soon 
succeeded  in  obtaining.  His  assiduity  in  the  study  of 
practical  medicine  in  the  wards  of  the  Royal  infirmary 
attracted  the  marked  notice  of  Dr.  Cullen,  and  called 
forth  from  him  the  following  handsome  encomium  on 
the  occasion  of  Dr.  Bostock's  graduation  : — "  Quantum 
in  studio  practice  operam  posuit,  norunt  condiscipuli 
ejus  omnes  qui  viderunt  quot  et  quantos  labores  in  No- 
socomio  exantlaverit,  dum  collegse  amicissimo  et  mihi 
assiduus  comes  et  adjutor  egregius,  ipse  praxin  medicam 
penitus  ediscere  voluit,  nee  ex  dictatis  nostris,  sed  noctu 
diuque  ad  lectos  segrotantium  assidens  a  natura  ipsa 
quip!  faciat  aut  ferat  noscere  voluit."  He  graduated 
doctor  of  medicine  at  Edinburgh  in  1769  (D.M.I,  de 
Arthritide),  and  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  of  London  13th  March,  1770. 
Dr.  Bostock  settled  at  Liverpool  in  that  year,  and  was 
at  once  appointed  physician  to  the  Royal  infirmary 
there.  Dr.  Cullen  predicted  that  his  talents  would  se- 
cure for  him  a  brilliant  future,  but  the  hopes  of  his 
friends  were  doomed  to  be  disappointed.  "  He  had 
scarcely  settled  in  Liverpool,  married  advantageously, 
and  become  possessed  of  a  son",*  than  he  sank  beneath 
an  incurable  disease,  himself  predicting  the  fatal  termi- 

*  The  future  John  Bostock,  M.D.,  V.P.R.S.,  the  physiologist. 


1770]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  287 

nation,  calmly  resigning  the  sweetest  blandishments  of 
life,  and  in  his  last  moments  emulating  the  exit  of  a 
Socrates  or  a  Seneca."*  Dr.  Bostock  died  10th  March, 
1774,  at  the  age  of  thirty. 

JAMES  MADDOCKS,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Herefordshire, 
and  studied  his  profession  at  Edinburgh,  where  he 
graduated  doctor  of  medicine  in  1762  (D.M.I,  de  Lava- 
tione  Frigida).  He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  9th  April,  1770 ;  was  elected 
physician  to  the  London  hospital  19th  September,  1770  ; 
and  died  in  October,  1786.  His  portrait,  painted  by 
Caldwell,  was  engraved  by  Trotter. 

GEORGE  HICKS,  M.D. — A  native  of  Kent,  educated 
at  Edinburgh,  where  he  took  the  degree  of  doctor  of 
medicine  13th  June,  1768  (D.M.I,  de  Enteritide)  ;  was 
admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  9th 
April,  1770.  He  held  the  appointment  of  physician  to 
the  Westminster  hospital  from  1775  to  his  death,  which 
occurred  at  Rochester  in  December,  1792. 

JOHN  COAKLEY  LETTSOM,  M.D.,  was  born  in  the 
small  island  of  Little  Vandyke,  near  Tortola,  in  Decem- 
ber, 1744,  and  when  only  six  years  of  age  was  sent  to 
England  for  his  education.  Fortuitous  circumstances 
threw  him  on  landing  in  the  way  of  Mr.  Fothergill,  a 
well-known  preacher  among  the  Society  of  Friends,  and 
brother  to  the  celebrated  London  physician.  By  his 
advice  young  Lettsom  was  sent  to  a  school  near  War- 
rington,  where  Mr.  Fothergill  resided,  then  kept  by 
Mr.  Thompson,  where  he  remained  for  several  years. 
Selecting  medicine  as  his  profession,  he  was  placed  by 
Mr.  Fothergill,  who,  in  consequence  of  the  death  of 
Lettsom's  father,  had  become  his  guardian,  with  Mr. 
Sutcliff,  of  Settle,  in  Yorkshire.  On  the  termination  of 
his  apprenticeship  Lettsom  came  to  London,  where  he 

*  Thomson's  Life,  Lectures,  and  Writings  of  William  Cullen, 
M.D.,  vol.  i,  p.  645,  et  seq. 


288  ROLL   OF   THE  [1770 

remained  two  years  attending  medical  lectures  and  the 
practice  of  St.  Thomas's  hospital.  He  then  returned  to 
Vandyke  to  take  possession  of  a  property  which  de- 
volved upon  him  by  the  death  of  his  father  and  elder 
brother,  the  latter  of  whom,  having  contrived  to  run 
through  an  ample  fortune  in  a  few  years,  left  but  little 
of  the  estate,  except  a  number  of  slaves,  to  be  inherited 
by  his  successor.  Lettsom's  first  act  on  landing  was  to 
emancipate  the  whole  of  his  slaves,  a  noble  piece  of 
conduct,  which,  while  it  did  honour  to  his  heart,  left 
him  worse  than  penniless,  and  with  nothing  to  depend 
upon  but  his  profession.  He  settled  at  Tortola,  com- 
menced practice,  and  became  so  extensively  employed, 
that  in  a  short  space  of  time  he  accumulated  sufficient 
means  to  return  to  England,  and  by  further  study 
qualify  himself  for  the  office  of  physician.  He  visited 
Edinburgh,  and  attended  the  lectures  of  Dr.  Cullen,  of 
whose  views  on  the  causes,  nature,  and  treatment  of 
fever,  he  very  freely  availed  himself  in  his  earliest  pub- 
lication, "Reflections  on  the  General  Treatment  and 
Cure  of  Fevers,"  and,  as  he  made  no  reference  to  the 
source  from  which  he  derived  them,  in  a  way  to  create 
an  unfavourable  idea  of  his  candour.  From  Edinburgh 
he  went  to  Paris  and  Leyden,  and  at  the  last-named 
university  proceeded  doctor  of  medicine  29th  June, 
1769.  He  then  settled  in  London,  with  the  undevia- 
ting  friendship  and  good  wishes  of  his  guardian,  Mr. 
Fothergill,  and,  through  his  efforts,  with  the  warm 
patronage  of  Dr.  Fothergill,  then  in  very  full  business 
in  the  city.  Dr.  Lettsom  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1770,  a  fellow  of 
the  Society  of  Antiquaries  the  same  year,  and  a  fellow 
of  the  Royal  Society  in  1773. 

The  recommendation  of  Dr.  Fothergil],  who  about 
this  time  withdrew  from  the  city  to  Harpur-street,  Red 
Lion-square,  soon  introduced  Dr.  Lettsom  into  practice  ; 
his  interests  were  warmly  cared  for  by  the  Society  of 
Friends,  his  co-religionists ;  and  his  marriage  shortly 
after,  with  a  lady  of  good  means,  placed  him  in  a  posi- 


1770]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.       289 

tion  to  command  success.  For  many  years  he  enjoyed 
the  largest  medical  business  in  the  city.  Of  his  real 
merits  as  a  practitioner  we  know  but  little,  but  of  his 
character  as  a  philanthropist  it  is  impossible  to  speak 
too  highly.  The  name  of  Lettsom  was  to  be  found  asso- 
ciated with  every  project  for  the  public  good ;  he  was 
on  terms  of  friendship  with  most  of  the  distinguished 
characters  of  his  day ;  and  from  all  parts  of  the  king- 
dom, from  the  colonies,  and  America,  he  received  the 
most  flattering  proofs  of  the  estimation  he  had  excited. 
His  life  has  been  written  by  Mr.  Pettigrew,  and  to  it 
I  may  refer  for  ample  details  of  his  career.  The  doctor 
died  at  his  house  in  Sambrook-court,  Basin ghall-street, 
on  the  1st  November,  1815,  and  was  buried  in  the 
Friends'  burial-ground,  Little  Coleman-street,  Bunhill- 
row. 

Dr.  Lettsom  was  a  fellow  "of  the  College  of  Physi- 
cians of  Edinburgh,  and  of  the  Royal  Society  of  that 
city  ;  fellow  of  the  Linnsean  Society,  and  of  the  Medical 
Society  of  London  ;  physician  extraordinary  to  the  City 
of  London  Lying-in  hospital,  and  to  the  General  dis- 
pensary, Aldersgate-street ;  honorary  member  of  the 
Literary  and  Philosophical  societies  of  Manchester  and 
Philadelphia ;  of  the  Agricultural  society  of  Bath,  and 
of  the  Academy  of  Sciences  of  Montpellier.  His  por- 
trait was  painted  and  engraved  by  W.  Skelton. 

Dr.  Lettsom's  writings  are  very  numerous,  but  I  can 
find  space  only  to  enumerate  those  which  have  a  direct 
bearing  on  his  profession. 

Reflections  on  the  General  Treatment  and  Cure  of  Fevers.  8vo. 
Lond.  1772. 

The  Natural  History  of  the  Tea  Tree,  with  Observations  on  the 
Medical  Qualities  of  Tea,  and  the  Effects  of  Tea-drinking.  4to. 
Lond.  1772. 

This  was  a  translation,  with  much  new  matter,  of  his 
inaugural  essay  at  Ley  den,  "  De  Viribus  These." 

Observations  on  the  Plan  proposed  for  Establishing  a  Dispensary 
and  Medical  Society,  with  Formulae  Medicamentorum,  Pauperibus 
preecipue  accommodatae.  8vo.  Lond.  1772. 

VOL.  II.  U 


290  ROLL   OF   THE  [1770 

Medical  Memoirs  of  the  General  Dispensary  in  London.  8vo. 
Lond.  1774. 

Improvement  of  Medicine  in  London  on  the  basis  of  Public 
Good.  8vo.  Lond.  1775. 

Observations  preparatory  to  the  use  of  Dr.  Mayersbach's  Medi- 
cines. 8vo.  Lond.  1776. 

History  of  the  Origin  of  Medicine.     4to.  Lond.  1778. 

A  Letter  upon  General  Inoculation.     4to.  Lond.  1779. 

Observations  on  Human  Dissections.     8vo.  Lond.  1788. 

The  Life  and  Works  of  John  Fothergill,  M.D.  3  vols.  8vo.  Lond. 
1784, 

GILBERT  THOMPSON,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Lancashire, 
and  for  many  years  kept  a  well-frequented  school  in  the 
neighbourhood  of  Lancaster,  on  retiring  from  which  he 
went  to  Edinburgh,  applied  himself  to  the  study  of  me- 
dicine, and  proceeded  M.D.  8th  June,  1753  (D.M.I,  de 
Exercitatione).  He  then  came  to  London,  but  meeting 
with  little  encouragement  as  a  practitioner,  he  for  a 
time  attended  a  boarding-school  at  Tottenham,  in  the 
capacity  of  writing  master,  and  subsequently  became  a 
dispensing  assistant  to  Mr.  Be  van,  the  druggist.  About 
the  year  1765  his  uncle,  Gilbert  Thompson,  of  Penketh, 
died  and  left  him  four  thousand  pounds.  He  then  com- 
menced practice  as  a  physician  in  the  city,  and  event- 
ually attained  to  a  fair  proportion  of  business.  He  was 
admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th 
June,  1770 ;  and  died  at  his  house  in  Salter's-court, 
Cannon-street,  1st  January,  1803,  aged  seventy-four. 
Dr.  Thompson  was  a  Quaker,  and  is  represented  as  a 
man  of  great  integrity,  of  mild  and  unassuming  man- 
ners, and  possessed  of  considerable  learning  and  pro- 
fessional skill.  He  was  the  intimate  friend  of  Dr. 
Fothergill,  and  the  author  of  a  biographical  memoir  of 
that  physician.  Dr.  Thompson  published  shortly  before 
his  death,  "  Select  Translations  from  Homer  and  Horace, 
with  Original  Poems."  8vo.  Lond.  1802. 

WILLIAM  GROSVENOR,  of  Bewdley,  Worcestershire, 
was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  8th 
August,  1770. 


1771}      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        291 

The  Annals  are  wanting  from  7th  July,  1771,  to  25th 
June,  1781 ;  but  for  this  interval — the  book  of  sub- 
scriptions, the  treasurer's  books,  and  the  annual  lists  of 
the  College  supply  the  necessary  information. 


ISAAC  HENRIQUE  SEQUIRA,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Lis- 
bon, of  an  Esculapian  family — his  grandfather,  father, 
and  two  uncles  having  been  all  physicians.  He  was  in- 
structed in  general  literature  and  philosophy  by  the 
Fathers  of  the  Oratory,  a  body  of  learned  men  then 
highly  popular  in  Portugal.  Having  chosen  medicine 
as  his  profession,  he  was  sent  to  the  university  of  Bor- 
deaux in  France,  where  he  remained  for  two  years.  He 
then  removed  to  Leyden ;  and  having  completed  the 
three  years'  residence  which  the  statutes  of  that  uni- 
versity required,  he  proceeded  doctor  of  medicine  31st 
August,  1758  (D.M.I,  de  Polypo  Cordis).  Eventually 
he  settled  in  London  ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  25th  March,  1771  ;  and  was  in- 
troduced into  practice  by  his  uncle,  Dr.  De  la  Cour, 
who  soon  after  withdrew  to  Bath.  Dr.  Sequira  attained 
to  great  reputation  among  his  countrymen  resident  in 
England.  He  held  the  honorary  appointment  of  phy- 
sician extraordinary  to  the  prince  regent  of  Portugal ; 
and  was  physician  to  the  Portuguese  embassy  at  the 
court  of  St.  James.  He  lived  to  old  age ;  and  at  the 
time  of  his  death,  which  occurred  in  Mark -lane  in  No- 
vember, 1816,  aged  seventy-eight,  was  the  oldest  Licen- 
tiate of  the  College. 

SIR  RICHARD  JEBB,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Stratford, 
Essex,  and  baptized  there  30th  October,  1729.  He  was 
the  son  of  Samuel  Jebb,  M.D.,  of  that  place,  a  Licen- 
tiate of  the  College,  who  has  been  mentioned  in  a  former 
page.  He  was  matriculated  at  Oxford  as  of  St.  Mary's 
hall  8th  April,  1747,  but  did  not  take  a  degree  there. 
He  is  said,  but,  I  believe  incorrectly,  to  have  graduated 
at  Leyden.  He  was  a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Marischal 
college,  Aberdeen,  of  23rd  September,  1751,  and  was 

u  2 


292  ROLL   OF   THE  [1771 

admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  24th 
March,  1755.  He  was  chosen  physician  to  the  West- 
minster hospital  in  1754  ;  and  on  the  llth  December, 
1760,  was  appointed  to  do  duty  as  physician  to  St. 
George's  hospital,  in  place  of  Dr.  Donald  Monro,  then 
ordered  abroad  on  his  majesty's  service ;  and  at  the 
vacancy  which  occurred  shortly  afterwards  in  the  medi- 
cal staff  of  the  hospital  by  the  resignation  of  Dr.  Batt, 
he  was  (7th  May,  1762)  definitively  elected  one  of  the 
physicians,  when  he  resigned  his  office  at  the  West- 
minster hospital.  His  private  engagements  increasing, 
he  was  obliged  to  resign  the  appointment  in  1768.  Sir 
Richard  Jebb  was  admitted  a  Fellow  of  the  College  of 
Physicians,  speciali  gratia,  30th  September,  1771.  He 
was  Censor  in  1772,  1776,  1781  ;  and  delivered  the 
Harveian  oration  in  1774.  He  was  a  fellow  of  the 
Royal  and  Antiquarian  societies,  physician  extra- 
ordinary to  George  the  Third,  and  physician  in  ordinary 
to  the  prince  of  Wales.  When  Enfield  chase  was  dis- 
forested, Sir  Richard  Jebb  purchased  about  two  hundred 
acres,  which  he  converted  into  a  park,  and  built  thereon 
a  convenient  residence,  to  which  he  gave  the  name  of 
Trent-place,  in  commemoration  of  his  successful  treat- 
ment of  the  duke  of  Gloucester,  when  seriously  ill  at 
Trent  some  years  previously.  At  the  death  of  Sir 
Richard,  the  property  was  purchased  by  the  earl  of 
Cholmondeley.  Sir  Richard  died  unmarried  at  his  house 
in  Great  George-street,  Westminster,  4th  July,  1787, 
and  was  buried  in  the  west  cloister  of  Westminster 
abbey.  A  monument  to  his  memory  in  Westminster 
abbey  bears  the  following  inscription  : — 

RICHAKDI  JEBB,  equitis  aurati, 

Societ.  Reg.  Socii, 

serenissimo  Regi  Georgio  III, 

necnon  Georgio  Walliae  principi, 

medici  primarii, 

in  memoriam  posuit  R.  J. 

Obiit  4to  die  Julii,  A.D.  1787,  eetatis  58. 

Sir  Richard  Jebb's  eccentricities  are  matters  of  tradi- 


1771]  ROYAL  COLLEGE   OF  PHYSICIANS.  293 

tion  in  our  profession,  and  many  extraordinary  anec- 
dotes are  related  of  him.  His  character  was  probably 
misunderstood.  Dr.  Lettsom,  who  knew  him  well, 
writes  thus :  "I  loved  that  man  with  all  his  eccen- 
tricity. He  had  the  bluntness,  but  not  the  rudeness, 
of  Radcliffe.  He  had  the  medical  perception,  but  not 
the  perseverance  and  temporizing  politeness,  of  Warren. 
In  every  respect,  but  fortune,  superior  to  Turton ;  or  to 
Baker,  but  in  classical  learning ;  and  yet  he  was  the 
unhappy  slave  of  unhappy  passions.  His  own  sister  is, 
and  has  long  been,  in  a  madhouse  ;  the  same  fate  at- 
tends his  cousin,  and  a  little  adversity  would  have 
placed  poor  Sir  Richard  there  also.  There  was  an  im- 
petuosity in  his  manner,  a  wildness  in  his  look,  and 
sometimes  a  strange  confusion  in  his  head,  which  often 
made  me  tremble  for  his  sensorium.  He  had  a  noble, 
generous  heart,  and  a  pleasing  frankness  among  his 
friends  ;  communicative  of  experience  among  the  faculty, 
and  earnest  for  the  recovery  of  his  patients,  which  he 
sometimes  manifested  by  the  most  impetuous  solicitude. 
Those  who  did  not  well  know  him,  he  alarmed ;  those 
who  did,  saw  the  unguarded  and  rude  ebullition  of 
earnestness  for  success."  A  good  portrait  of  Sir  Richard 
Jebb,  by  Zoffani,  is  in  the  College.  It  was  presented 
in  1827  by  the  Rev.  Robert  Fitzwilliam  Hallifax,  of 
Batchcott,  near  Ludlow. 

DONALD  MONRO,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  Alexander 
Monro,  M.D.,  the  first  of  that  name,  professor  of  ana- 
tomy and  surgery  in  the  university  of  Edinburgh.  Dr. 
Donald  Monro  was  educated  at  Edinburgh,  under  the 
eye  of  his  father,  and  there  took  his  degree  of  doctor  of 
medicine  8th  June,  1753  (D.M.I,  de  Hydrope).  Soon 
after  this  he  was  appointed  physician  to  the  army.  He 
was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
liith  April,  1756  ;  and  on  the  3rd  November,  1758,  was 
elected  physician  to  St.  George's  hospital.  His  military 
duties,  however,  soon  called  him  abroad ;  and  on  the 
llth  December,  1760,  Dr.  Richard  Jebb  was  appointed 


294  ROLL   OF   THE  [1771 

to  perform  his  duties  during  his  absence.  On  Dr. 
Monro's  return  to  London  he  published  "  An  Account 
of  the  Diseases  of  the  British  Military  Hospitals  in 
Germany,  from  January,  1761,  to  March,  1863."  8vo. 
Lond.  1764.  Dr.  Monro  was  a  man  of  varied  attain- 
ments, of  considerable  skill  in  his  profession,  and  was 
highly  esteemed  by  his  contemporaries.  He  was  ad- 
mitted a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  1st  May,  1766. 
Dr.  Monro  was  admitted  a  Fellow  of  the  College  of 
Physicians,  speciali  gratia,  30th  September,  1771 ;  was 
Censor  in  1772,  1781,  1785,  1789;  and  was  named  an 
Elect  10th  July,  1788.  He  delivered  the  Croonian  lec- 
tures in  1774  and  1775  ;  and  the  Harveian  oration  in 
1775.  These  he  published  in  1776,  in  one  volume  8vo. 
with  the  title,  "  Prselectiones  Medicse  ex  Croonii  insti- 
tute Annis  1774  et  1775  ;  et  Oratio  Anniversaria  ex 
Harveii  institute,  die  Oct.  18,  1775,  habita  in  Theatre 
Coll.  Reg.  Med.  Lond."  He  resigned  his  office  at  St. 
George's  hospital  in  1786.  He  had  long  been  in  ill- 
health,  and  he  withdrew  himself  altogether  from  pro- 
fessional business  and  in  great  measure  from  society. 
He  died  in  Argyle-street  9th  June,  1792,  aged  seventy- 
five.*  In  addition  to  the  works  already  mentioned, 
Dr.  Monro  was  the  author  of 

An  Essay  on  Dropsy,  and  its  different  Species.  8vo.  Lond. 
1756. 

A  Treatise  on  Mineral  Waters.     2  vols.  8vo.  Lond.  1770. 

Observations  on  the  Means  of  preserving  the  Health  of  Soldiers, 
and  of  conducting  Military  Hospitals,  and  on  the  Diseases  incident 
to  Soldiers.  2  vols.  8vo.  Lond.  1780. 

A  Treatise  on  Medical  and  Pharmaceutical  Chemistry,  and  the 
Materia  Medica.  3  vols.  8vo.  Lond.  1788. 

He  contributed  various  articles  to  the  "  Essays, 
Physical  and  Literary,"  and  was  the  author  of  the 
biographical  memoir  of  his  father,  Dr.  Alexander  Monro, 

*  "  In  ilia  cui  incubuit  medicinae  parte  gnarus  fuit  et  expertus : 
valetudine  infirma  diu  conflictato,  nescio  sane  an  ea  lugenda  esset 
mors  quae  illi  fuit  serurnnarum  requies." — Oratio  Harveiana  auct. 
Gulielmo  Cadogan,  Anno  1792,  p.  20. 


1771]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        295 

prefixed  to  the  quarto  edition  of  that  distinguished  phy- 
sician's collected  works,  published  in  1781. 

ISAAC  SCHOMBERG,  M.D.,  is  now  remembered  only 
for  his  lengthened  contest  with  the  College  of  Physi- 
cians. He  was  the  eldest  son  of  Meyer  Low  Schom- 
berg,  M.D.,  a  Licentiate  of  the  College,  and  received 
his  early  education  at  Merchant  Taylors'  school,  but  his 
medical  studies  were  pursued  at  Leyden,  where  he  took 
his  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine.  E/eturning  to  Eng- 
land, he  commenced  practice  in  London  under  the  aus- 
pices of  his  father,  and  in  February,  1745-6,  was  sum- 
moned by  the  Censors'  board  to  present  himself  for  ex- 
amination as  a  Licentiate.  This  he  declined  to  do  ;  and 
in  place  of  appearing,  sent  a  letter  of  excuse,  which  (to 
quote  the  words  of  the  Annals)  was  judged  improbable 
and  indecent.  There  can  be  little  doubt  that  he  was 
incited  to  this  course  by  his  father,  who  at  that  period 
was  under  the  heavy  displeasure  of  the  College,  having 
recently  been  convicted  by  the  Censors  of  some  very 
disreputable  conduct  to  a  professional  brother,  for  which 
he  had  been  fined  and  censured.  My  space  will  not 
allow  me  to  give  a  full  account  of  all  the  circumstances 
which  ensued  :  suffice  it  to  say,  that  in  the  early  part 
of  1747,  Dr.  Isaac  Schomberg  was  entered  at  Trinity 
college,  Cambridge  ;  and  on  the  3rd  April  in  that  year 
he  appeared  before  the  Censors  to  notify  the  fact,  and 
at  the  same  time  request  that  he  might  be  permitted  to 
practise  until  he  should  have  taken  his  degree  at  Cam- 
bridge. This,  under  the  circumstances,  was,  not  unna- 
turally, refused ;  and  the  College,  to  whom  the  matter 
had  been  referred  by  the  Comitia  Minora  of  25th  June, 
1747,  ordered  that  he  should  be  formally  interdicted 
practice  "  till  he  shall  have  given  proper  satisfaction  to 
the  President  and  Censors."  On  the  21st  July,  1749, 
Dr.  Schomberg  was  created  doctor  of  medicine  at  Cam- 
bridge by  royal  mandate,  and  shortly  afterwards  apply- 
ing for  leave  to  be  examined,  it  was  resolved  by  the 
College  "  that  the  Censors  be  desired  not  to  examine 


29G  BOLL   OF   THE  [1771 

him  until  such  time  as  his  prohibition  from  practice  be 
taken  off,  upon  making  proper  satisfaction  to  the  Pre- 
sident and  Censors."     On  the  1st  December,  1749,  he 
came  before  the  Censors'  board  and  proffered  an  expla- 
nation of  his  former  conduct,  with  an  apology,  which,  al- 
though deemed  sufficient  by  some  of  the  board,  was  not 
so  regarded  by  all.     He  again  attended  on  the  2nd 
February,  1749-50,  and  on  this  occasion  demanded  his 
examination  for  admission  into  the  order  of  Candidates 
as  a  right  derived  from  his  Cambridge  degree.     The 
examinations  were  allowed — the  Censors,  however,  re- 
serving their  opinion  as  to  the  right — and  he  was  found 
fully  competent  for  practice.     At  the  Comitia  Majora 
next  ensuing,  the  College  negatived  his  admission  as  a 
Candidate  by  a  very  large  majority.     The  interdict  on 
his  practice  still  continued.     He  made  repeated  appli- 
cations for  admission  as  a  Candidate,  but  was  as  fre- 
quently refused ;  he  was  told,  however,  that  if  he  re- 
quired a  licence  to  practise,  he  was  at  liberty  to  apply 
to  the  College  for  that  purpose.     This  he  declined  to 
do ;  whereupon  he  preferred  his  appeal  to  the  Visitors 
appointed  under  the  charter  of  Charles  II,  which  they 
at  first  entertained,  but  afterwards  dismissed,  on  the 
ground  that  they  had  in  reality  no  jurisdiction.     The 
doctor,  thus  foiled  in  his  endeavours  to  enforce  admis- 
sion as  a  right,  then  expressed  himself  ready  to  solicit 
it  as  a  favour,  on  the  terms  which  the  College  had  pre- 
viously offered  ;  but  they,  having  incurred  the  expense 
of  a   protracted  litigation,  now  refused  to  concede  it. 
On  the  23rd  December,  1765,  he  was  admitted  a  Licen- 
tiate of  the  College.    It  was  not  until  after  the  lapse  of 
many  years  that  the  feeling  engendered  by  these  occur- 
rences  was   removed.      In   the   meantime,    the   elder 
Schomberg  had  died ;  many  of  the  fellows  who  had 
been  most  concerned  had  also  departed ;  and  Dr.  Isaac 
Schomberg's  conduct  had,  it  would  seem,  been  correct 
and  conciliatory;  and  with  the  view,  doubtless,  of  mark- 
ing their  approval,  the  College  eventually  determined 
to  admit  him  to  the  much-coveted  Fellowship.     He  was 


1773]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        297 

admitted  a  Fellow  30th  September,  1771 ;  was  Censor 
in  1773  and  1778  ;  and  died  at  his  house,  in  Conduit- 
street,  on  the  4th  May,  1780.  His  portrait,  by  Hudson, 
was  engraved  by  Sherlock. 

JAMES  GREIVE,  M.D.,  was  educated  at  Edinburgh, 
where  he  took  the  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  31st 
April,  1752  (D.M.I,  de  Calculo  Vesicae).  He  was  admit- 
ted a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  Sep- 
tember, 1762.  Dr.  Greive  was  physician  to  St.  Thomas's 
hospital,  and  to  the  Charterhouse ;  to  the  former  he 
was  elected  in  1764,  to  the  latter  in  1765.  He  was 
admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  2nd  March,  1769, 
and  a  Fellow  of  the  College  of  Physicians,  special i 
gratia,  30th  September,  1771,  but  did  not  long  survive  ; 
and  died  at  his  official  residence  in  Charterhouse-square, 
9th  July,  1773.  Dr.  Lettsom,  who  knew  Dr.  Greive 
well,  and  as  a  pupil  attended  his  practice  at  St.  Thomas's 
hospital,  describes  him  as  an  amiable  man  and  unassu- 
ming scholar.  He  is  still  remembered  as  the  translator 

O 

of  "  Celsus,  with  Notes  critical  and  explanatory."  8vo. 
Lond.  1756. 

JONATHAN  BINNS,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine  of 
Edinburgh,  of  12th  September,  1772  (D.M.I.  de  Exer- 
citation e) ;  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  21st  October,  1772.  He  practised 
at  Liverpool,  but  after  a  time  withdrew  from  the  exer- 
cise of  his  profession,  and  superintended  a  school  be- 
longing to  the  society  of  Friends  (of  which  body  he  was 
himself  a  member)  in  Yorkshire.  He  subsequently  re- 
moved to  Lancaster,  where  he  resumed  practice  as  a 
physician,  and  died  in  the  early  part  of  1812.* 

EDWARD  WALLIS,  M.D.,  was  admitted  an  Extra-Li- 
centiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  14th  July,  1773. 
He  practised  at  York,  where  he  was  held  in  high  esti- 
mation. He  filled  the  office  of  sheriff  of  York  in  1758, 

*  Liverpool  Medico-Chirurgical  Journal,  vol.  i,  p.  151. 


298  BOLL   OF   THE  [1774 

was  elected  an  alderman  of  that  city  29th  August,  1770, 
and  was  lord  mayor  of  York  in  1771.  He  died  in  that 
city  13th  October,  1782,  aged  seventy-three.  He  was 
the  author  of  "  Remarks  on  Henry's  Magnesia."  8vo. 
1777. 

EDWARD  WHITAKEU  GRAY,  M.D.,  a  well-known  phi- 
losopher and  naturalist,  was  born  in  1748.  He  was 
librarian  of  the  College  of  Physicians  ;  and  while  yet 
holding  that  office  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate, 
namely,  on  the  6th  August,  1773.  He  was  subsequently 
appointed  keeper  of  the  departments  of  natural  history 
and  antiquities  of  the  British  Museum.  Dr.  Gray  was 
a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society,  and  was  appointed  secre- 
tary to  that  learned  body  on  St.  Andrew's  day,  1797. 
He  died  in  1807,  aged  fifty-nine.  His  portrait,  by 
Callcott,  is  at  the  Royal  Society. 

NATHANIEL  HULME,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Yorkshire  in 
1732,  and  educated  at  Edinburgh,  where  he  took  the 
degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  in  1765  (D.M.I.  de  Scor- 
buto).  He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  28th  March,  1774,  and  in  the  same  month 
was  appointed  physician  to  the  Charterhouse.  He  was 
also  physician  to  the  London  Lying-in  hospital.  Dr. 
Hulme  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  10th 
July,  1794.  He  fell  from  the  top  of  his  staircase  to  the 
basement,  and  surviving  the  accident  a  few  days  only, 
died  on  the  28th  March,  1807,  aged  seventy-five.  Con- 
ceiving that  the  church  is  adapted  for  the  living  and 
the  churchyard  for  the  dead,  he  was  interred  at  his  own 
request  in  the  pensioners'  burial-ground  of  the  Charter- 
house, where  a  gravestone  presents  the  following  in- 
scription : — 

Here  lie  the  remains  of 

NATHANIEL  HULME,  M.D., 

who  was  born  on  the  17th  June,  1732, 

and  died  on  the  28th  March,  1807. 

He  was  elected  physician  to  the  Charterhouse 

on  the  17th  of  March,  1774, 


1774]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        299 

and  continued  so  to  the  time  of  his  death. 
He  practised  medicine  during  a  long  course  of  years 
with  advantage  to  his  patients,  and  with  honour  to  himself. 

Dr.  Hulme's  portrait,  by  Medley,  was  engraved  by 
Bran  white.  He  was  the  author  of — 

Libellus  de  Natura,  Causa,  Curationeque  Scorbuti :  with  a  Pro- 
posal for  preventing  the  Scurvy  in  the  British  Navy.  8vo.  Lond. 
1768. 

A  Treatise  on  the  Puerperal  Fever.     8vo.  Lond.  1772. 

Oratio  de  Re  Medica  Cognoscenda  et  Promovenda,  habita  apud 
Societatem  Medicam  Londinensem  die  xviii.  Jan.  1777.  Cui  accessit 
Via  tuta  et  jucunda  Calculum  solvendi  in  Vesica  Urinaria  inhseren- 
tem,  ab  Historia  Calculosi  Hominis  confirmata.  8vo.  Lond.  1777. 

A  Safe  and  Efficacious  Remedy,  proposed  for  the  Relief  of  the 
Stone  and  Gravel,  the  Scurvy,  Gout,  &c.,  and  for  the  Destruction 
of  Worms  in  the  Human  Body.  4to.  Lond.  1778. 

RICHARD  WILLIAM  STACK,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Cork, 
and  educated  at  Leyden,  where  he  proceeded  doctor  of 
medicine  12th  July,  1764  (D.M.I,  de  Ventriculi  Imbe- 
cillitate.  Accedunt  Observationes  practices  de  usu 
Balnei  Tepidi  in  Variolis).  He  was  admitted  a  Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  28th  March,  1774, 
and  practised  for  some  years  in  London ;  bub  then  re- 
moved to  Bath,  where  he  died  24th  October,  1787.  He 
published  a  small  treatise,  entitled  "  Medical  Cases, 
with  Remarks."  8vo.  Bath.  1784. 

JAMES  WELSH,  M.D. — A  native  of  Dumfries,  was 
entered  on  the  physic  line  at  Leyden  10th  October, 
1748,  aged  twenty-five,  and  graduated  doctor  of  medi- 
cine there  the  same  year  (D.M.I,  de  Generatione).  He 
was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  4th  March, 
1773,  and  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th 
June,  1774. 

HENRY  REVELL  REYNOLDS,  M.D.,  was  a  posthumous 
child,  and  was  born  in  Nottinghamshire  on  the  26th 
September,  1745,  a  few  weeks  only  after  the  death  of 
his  father.  Committed  to  the  charge  of  his  maternal 
great  uncle  and  godfather,  Mr.  Henry  Revell,  of  Gains- 


300  ROLL   OF   THE  [1774 

borough,  he  was  sent  hy  him  at  an  early  age  to  the 
grammar  school  of  Beverley,  then  in  high  repute,  under 
the  government  of  Mr.  Ward.  At  eighteen  years  of 
age,  Mr.  Reynolds  was  entered  as  a  commoner  of  Lin- 
coln college,  Oxford ;  but  before  he  could  take  a  degree 
he  had  the  misfortune  to  lose  his  godfather  and  bene- 
factor, who  left  him  a  small  estate  in  Lincolnshire,  suf- 
ficient to  meet  the  expenses  of  his  education.  With  the 
view  of  shortening  his  curriculum  he  moved  to  Trinity 
college,  Cambridge,  and  kept  one  term,  when  he  re- 
paired to  Edinburgh,  where  he  spent  two  winter  ses- 
sions, and  on  the  5th  December,  1767,  was  admitted  a 
member  of  the  Medical  Society  of  that  city.  Returning 
to  Cambridge,  he  proceeded  bachelor  of  medicine  in 
1768,  immediately  after  which  he  came  to  London,  and 
entered  himself  as  a  physician's  pupil  at  the  Middlesex 
hospital.  In  1769  he  settled  at  Guildford  and  married  ; 
but  was  soon  induced,  by  the  advice  of  Dr.  Huck  Saun- 
ders,  to  remove  to  London.  This  he  did  in  the  summer 
of  1772.  The  following  year  he  proceeded  doctor  of 
medicine  at  Cambridge,  and  was  admitted  a  Candidate 
of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  September,  1773  ;  and 
a  Fellow,  30th  September,  1774.  Dr.  Reynolds  was 
elected  physician  to  the  Middlesex  hospital  13th  July, 
1773,  and  held  that  office  for  four  years,  resigning  it  in 
1777,  when  he  had  been  elected  to  succeed  his  friend, 
Dr.  Huck  Saunders,  as  physician  to  St.  Thomas's  hos- 
pital. Dr.  Reynolds  was  Censor  in  1774,  1778,  1782, 
1784,  1787,  1792;  Registrar,  1781,  1782,  1783;  and 
Elect  in  December,  1791.  He  delivered  the  Gulstonian 
lectures  of  1775  and  theHarveian  oration  for  1776,  but 
declined  to  print  it. 

Dr.  Reynolds's  progress  as  a  physician  was  rapid.  In 
1783  his  engagements  had  become  so  numerous  that  he 
was  compelled  to  resign  his  office  at  St.  Thomas's  hos- 
pital. In  1788  he  was  called  into  attendance  on  George 
the  Third,  and  so  highly  were  his  services  regarded, 
that  in  every  subsequent  illness  of  that  monarch  his 
assistance  was  required.  He  received  the  appointment 


1774]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  301 

of  physician  extraordinary  to  the  king  in  1797,  and 
that  of  physician  in  ordinary  in  the  year  1806.  Dr. 
Reynolds's  death  was  in  great  measure  owing  to  his 
attendance  on  his  sovereign.  When  called  into  at- 
tendance at  Windsor,  in  the  early  part  of  1811,  he  was 
suffering  from  rheumatism,  which  was  aggravated  by 
the  bodily  exertion  and  mental  anxiety  inseparable 
from  his  position.  The  first  day  on  which  he  seriously 
felt  the  fatigues  of  body  and  mind,  was  after  an  ex- 
amination before  the  House  of  Lords.  The  etiquette 
of  the  Upper  House  not  allowing  a  witness  to  sit 
down,  Dr.  Reynolds,  who,  in  consequence  of  having 
attended  his  Majesty  in  all  his  previous  similar  illnesses, 
was  examined  at  greater  length  than  any  of  his  medical 
brethren,  was  kept  standing  for  two  hours.  The  whole 
of  the  next  day  he  was  compelled  to  keep  his  bed,  but 
on  the  following  he  returned  to  Windsor.  From  this 
time  his  appetite  began  to  fail,  and  his  strength  and 
flesh  visibly  to  diminish.  In  the  month  of  March  these 
symptoms  had  so  much  increased  that  his  friends  be- 
sought him  to  retire  from  his  attendance  on  the  king — 
to  spare  his  body  and  mind,  and  devote  himself  en- 
tirely to  the  re-establishment  of  his  own  health.  Despite 
these  solicitations  he  determined  to  remain  at  his  post, 
and  did  so  till  the  4th  of  May,  when  he  returned  to 
London  extremely  ill.  After  a  confinement  to  his  room 
of  nearly  three  weeks  he  was  prevailed  upon  by  Dr. 
John  Latham  and  Dr.  Ainslie  to  go  to  Brighton.  He 
remained  there  about  two  months,  and  at  times  during 
this  period  seemed  to  rally,  but  the  improvement  was 
not  sustained.  At  the  end  of  July  he  returned  to  his 
house  in  Bedford-square,  never  again  to  leave  it  alive. 
He  died  the  22nd  October,  1811,  aged  sixty-six,  and 
was  buried  in  the  cemetery  behind  St.  James's  church, 
in  the  Hampstead-road. 

Dr.  Reynolds's  private  character  was  worthy  of  all 
praise,  and  probably  few  members  of  our  profession 
have  been  more  extensively,  none  certainly  more  sin- 
cerely lamented.  His  intellectual  attainments  and  pro- 


302  ROLL   OF   THE  fl775 

fessional  qualifications  were,  too,  of  the  highest  order. 
"  In  the  investigation  of  diseases  he  was  acute  yet 
cautious ;  in  the  application  of  remedies,  fertile  in  re- 
source, yet  not  rash  in  experiment;  decided  though 
gentle ;  gaining  entire  ascendancy  over  the  minds  of 
his  patients  by  the  rare  fascination  of  his  manners,  and 
the  confidence  with  which  he  inspired  them  in  his  skill, 
and  in  his  zeal  to  relieve  them.  Among  his  peculiar 
excellencies  may  be  mentioned,  perhaps,  an  unequalled 
felicity  of  combination  in  his  prescriptions :  there  was 
something  introduced  for  every  symptom  or  even  incon- 
venience, yet  the  whole  harmonized  and  had  immediate 
reference  to  the  principal  complaint."  Dr.  Reynolds's 
portrait,  by  Abbot,  was  engraved  by  V.  Green  in  1798. 

HENRY  KROHN,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Hamburgh,  and 
received  his  medical  education  at  Utrecht,  where  he 
proceeded  doctor  of  medicine  20th  October,  1762 
(D.M.I,  de  Usu  Opii  in  Puerperis).  He  was  admitted 
a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  Septem- 
ber, 1774,  and  was  physician-accoucheur  to  the  Mid- 
dlesex hospital,  an  office  which  he  held  for  nearly  thirty 
years,  resigning  it  the  6th  February,  1798,  about  which 
time  he  left  London  and  retired  to  St.  Neot's,  Hunting- 
donshire. He  died  in  May,  1816,  aged  eighty,  and  was 
buried  on  the  18th  of  that  month  in  the  churchyard  of 
Eynesbury.  He  published  "  Foetus  extra  Uterum  His- 
toria."  Fol.  Lond.  1791. 

JAMES  CHESTON,  of  Abingdon,  Berks,  was  admitted 
an  Extra- Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  14th 
December,  1774. 

KICHAUD  WRIGHT,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Derbyshire  and 
educated  at  Emmanuel  college,  Cambridge,  of  which 
house  he  was  a  fellow.  He  proceeded  A.B.  1762,  A.M. 
1765,  M.D.  1773;  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  28th  March,  1774,  and  a  Fellow 
10th  April,  1775.  He  was  Censor  in  1775,  1779,  1783. 


1775]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        303 

Dr.  Wright  was  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society,  and  phy- 
sician to  St.  George's  hospital  from  6th  January,  1769 
to  1785.  He  died  at  Knightsbridge  of  a  "  deep  decline," 
14th  October,  1786.  His  select  and  curious  library, 
"  the  strength  of  which  lay  chiefly  in  publications  rela- 
ting to  the  drama  and  romances,"  was  sold  by  T.  and  J. 
Egerton,  23rd  April,  1787. 

MICHAEL  TEIGHE,  M.D.,  an  Irishman,  and  a  doctor 
of  medicine  of  Rheims,  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  10th  April,  1775.  He  was  ad- 
mitted a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  17th  March,  1774, 
and  died  30th  August,  1784. 

JOHN  KOOYSTRA,  M.D. — A  native  of  Holland,  and  a 
doctor  of  medicine  of  Groningen,  of  1770  (D.M.I,  de 
Dysenteria,),  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  10th  April,  1775.  He  died  at  his  residence 
in  Union-court,  Broad-street,  City,  19th  January,  1781, 
aged  thirty-three  years. 

JOHN  PARSONS,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Yorkshire  in  1742, 
and  educated  at  Westminster  school,  of  which  he  was 
admitted  a  king's  scholar  in  1756.  Elected  thence  in 
1759  to  Christ  church,  Oxford,  he  proceeded  A.B.  27th 
April,  1763,  and  A.M.  6th  June,  1766.  Selecting  medi- 
cine as  his  profession,  he  pursued  the  study  of  it,  not 
only  at  Oxford,  but  also  in  London  and  Edinburgh.  In 
the  last-named  city  he  evinced  a  particular  predilection 
for  natural  history  and  botany,  and  obtained  the  prize 
medal  given  by  Dr.  Hope  for  the  best  hortus  siccus. 
His  reputation  and  influence  at  Oxford  must  have  been 
considerable,  for  in  1766,  before  he  had  taken  a  degree 
in  medicine,  he  was  nominated  to  the  then  newly-esta- 
blished office  of  Lee's  reader  in  anatomy  at  Christ 
church.  He  proceeded  M.B.  12th  April,  1769  ;  M.D. 
22nd  June,  1772.  Dr.  Parsons  was  elected  reader  of 
anatomy  in  the  university  in  1769,  physician  to  the 
Radcliffe  infirmary  6th  May,  1772,  and  clinical  professor, 


304  ROLL   OF   THE  [1775 

on  lord  Lichfield's  foundation,  1780.  He  was  admitted 
a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  Septem- 
ber, 1774,  a  Fellow  30th  September,  1775,  and  he  de- 
livered the  Harveian  oration  in  1784.  Dying  of  fever 
the  9th  April,  1785,  aged  forty- three,  he  was  buried  in 
Oxford  cathedral.* 

Sm  LUCAS  PEPYS,  BART.,  M.D.,  was  a  younger  son 
of  William  Pepys,  esq.,  of  London,  banker,  and  of  Ridley 
hall,  Cheshire,  by  Hannah,  daughter  of  Richard  Russell, 
M.D.,  of  Brighton,  and  widow  of  Alexander  Weller, 
esq.  He  was  born  in  London,  26th  May,  1742,  and 
educated  at  Eton,  whence  he  removed  to  Christ  church, 
Oxford,  and  as  a  member  of  that  house  graduated  A.B. 
9th  May,  1764,  when,  applying  himself  to  medicine,  he 
proceeded  to  Edinburgh,  and  on  the  22nd  February, 
1765,  was  admitted  a  member  of  the  Medical  Society  of 
that  city.  Returning  to  Oxford,  he  graduated  A.M. 
13th  May,  1767,  M.B.  30th  April,  1770,  and  M.D.  14th 
June,  1774.  Shortly  after  taking  his  second  degree  in 
arts,  he  obtained  a  licence  ad  practicandum  from  the 
university,  and  settling  in  London,  was  on  the  10th 
February,  1769,  elected  physician  to  the  Middlesex  hos- 
pital. He  was,  as  we  have  seen,  a  grandson  ex  parte 

*  "  In  numero  antem  horum  piaculum  esset  non  commorasse  unum 
(cujus  quis  desiderio  sit  pudor  aut  modus),  qui  professorium  nmnus 
quod  artem  anatomicam,  chymicam  et  clinicam,  snrnma  dignitate 
implevit,  Parson ;  cui  nimia  forsan  in  visendis  et  curandis  segro- 
tantibus  assiduitas  offieiosaque  sedulitas  adduxit  febrem,  nulla 
omnino  arte  medendi  superabilem.  Omnibus  quidem  ille  flebilis 
occidit,  quibus  inter  prima  ducuntur  cura,  anirui  cogitatio  vigilantia 
cum  summa  virtute  conjuncta.  Occidit  etiam,  nos  probe  moniturus 
ne,  inter  prasentis  horae  gaudia,  Lethaeo  quasi  rore  madentes  quam 
breves  humanas  spes  quam  caduci  honores  obliviscamur.  Meministis 
omnes  qua  dulcedine,  quali  eloquio  capti  eum  superioris  anni  orato- 
rem  his  e  rostris  disserentem  audivistis.  Meminerunt  Oxonienses 
et  in  eeternum  meminerint  quali  diligentia  saluti  invigilaret  pub- 
lics. In  Tyronum  animis  infixa  manent  praacepta  quibus  paucis ! 
paucissimis  !  abhinc  mensibus  corporis  humani  compagem  dilucide 
explicavit,  quam  scienter,  veterum  thesauris  e  propiis  scriniis  nova 
quamplurima  adjecerit."  Oratio  ex  Harvaei  instituto  auctore  Jac. 
Hervey,  1785. 


1775]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  305 

materna  of  Dr.  Kussell,   of  Brighton,  the  author  of  a 
well-known  work  on  the  use  of  sea  water  in  glandular 
diseases  ;  and  on  commencing  practice,  was  in  the  habit 
of  residing  during   the  summer  months  at  Brighton. 
This  he  did  for  many  years,  and  on  the  death  of  Dr. 
Relhan,  in  1776,  had  the  whole  of  the  medical  business 
there  without  any  competitor.    Dr.  Pepys  was  admitted 
a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  Septem- 
ber,  1774,   a  Fellow  30th  September,    1775  ;  he  was 
Censor  in  1777, 1782,  1786, 1796  ;  Treasurer  from  1788 
to  1798  inclusive;  Elect  21st  March,  1797  ;  and  Pre- 
sident from   1804  to   1810.     He  was  appointed  physi- 
cian extraordinary  to  the  king  in  1777  ;  was  created 
a  baronet  22nd  January,    1784  ;    and  was  called  into 
attendance  on  George  the  Third  in  his  severe  illness  of 
1788  and  1789.     As  an  acknowledgment  of  his  services 
on   this  occasion,  Sir  Lucas  Pepys  was  appointed  in 
1792  physician  in  ordinary  to  the  king,  and  on  the 
death  of  Sir  Clifton  Wintringham,   in  1794,  physician- 
general   to   the   army.      This  appointment   gave   him 
much  patronage  and  authority.    An  army  medical  board 
was  appointed  in   1794,  consisting  of  the   physician - 
general  to  the  army,  the  surgeon-general,  and  the  in- 
spector-general, the  president  of  which  was  the  physi- 
cian-general, Sir  Lucas  Pepys.     In  this  capacity  he  had 
the  appointment  of  all  the  physicians  in  the  army,  as 
had  the  surgeon-general  of  all  the  surgeons.     Sir  Lucas 
made   his   appointments,  we  are   told   by    Sir   James 
M'Grigor,  from   the  ranks  of  civil  life,  without  regard 
to  previous  service  in  the  army,  and  proceeding  on  the 
principle  that  the  army  physician  should  possess  the 
most  extensive   acquirements   and  the  most  complete 
education,  he  made  it  a  rule  that  all  candidates  for  ap- 
pointment should  be  fellows  or  licentiates  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  of  London,  of  which  body  he  was 
himself,  during  many  of  the  years  he  was  at  the  head 
of  the  army  board,  the  President.     This  army  medical 
board,  with  Sir  Lucas  Pepys  at  its  head,  directed  the 
whole  medical  affairs  of  the  army  for  above  fifteen  years, 

VOL.   II.  X 


30G  ROLL   OF    THE  [1775 

when  it  was  found  expedient  by  Government  to  super- 
sede it  and  establish  a  new  board,  consisting  of  medical 
officers  of  long  service  in  the  army,  of  practical  expe- 
rience, and  who  had  served  abroad  and  in  various 
climates.  This  change  was  necessitated  by  the  over- 
whelming sickness  and  mortality  of  the  troops  at  Wal- 
cheren,  to  investigate  and  report  on  which  to  Govern- 
ment, the  physician-general,  Sir  Lucas  Pepys,  was 
ordered  to  proceed  thither.  But  he  in  an  evil  hour 
declined,  assigning  as  his  reason  that  he  was  not  ac- 
quainted with  the  diseases  of  soldiers  in  camp  or  in 
quarters.  Unfortunately  neither  of  the  other  two 
members  of  the  Board  volunteered  their  services.  The 
army  medical  board  on  retiring,  as  they  had  to  do 
shortly  after  this  episode,  received  from  Government 
handsome  remuneration  for  their  past  services,  each  of 
its  members  being  assigned  a  liberal  pension  for  life. 

Sir  Lucas  Pepys  took  an  active  part  in  establish- 
ing the  National  Vaccine  institution,  which  was  formed 
during  his  presidency,  and  its  direction  vested,  mainly 
through  his  influence,  in  the  College  of  Physicians  and 
the  College  of  Surgeons.  The  Pharmacopoeia  Londi- 
nensis  of  1809  appeared  during  Sir  Lucas  Pepys'  pre- 
sidency, and  the  preface  to  it  is  from  his  pen. 

Sir  Lucas  Pepys  was  a  person  of  great  firmness  and 
determination,  somewhat  dictatorial  in  his  bearing,  and 
formed  to  command.  He  lived  singularly  free  from 
suffering  or  disease,  survived  to  a  ripe  old  age,  and 
died  at  his  house  in  Park-street,  Grosvenor-square, 
17th  June,  1830,  aged  eighty-eight.  He  was  twice 
married — first,  on  the  30th  October,  1772,  to  the  right 
honorable  Jane  Elizabeth,  countess  of  Rothes,  a  peeress 
of  Scotland  in  her  own  right,  by  whom  he  had  two 
sons  and  one  daughter  ;  and  secondly,  on  the  29th  June, 
1813,  to  Deborah,  daughter  of  Anthony  Askew,  M.D., 
who  survived  him.  His  portrait  by  Edridge  was  en- 
graved by  J.  Godby. 

JOHN  BUKGES,  M.D.,  was  born  in  London  in  1745, 


1775]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        307 

and  was  educated  at  Westminster.  He  was  entered 
at  Christ  church,  Oxford  ;  and,  as  a  member  of  that 
house,  proceeded  A.B.  27th  October,  1764  ;  A.M.  25th 
June,  1767  ;  M.B.  30th  April,  1770;  M.D.  14th  June, 
1774.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  30th  September,  1774  ;  and  a  Fellow  30th 
September,  1775  ;  was  Censor  in  1776,  1780,  1785, 
1790,  1794,  1797;  and  was  named  an  Elect,  26th 
June,  1797,  in  place  of  Dr.  Richard  Warren,  deceased. 
Dr.  Burges  was  elected  physician  to  St.  George's  hos- 
pital, 8th  April,  1774,  and  resigned  that  office  23rd 
February,  1787,  when  he  was  succeeded  by  Dr.  Mat- 
thew Baillie.  He  died  at  his  house  in  Mortimer- 
street,  Cavendish-square,  2nd  April,  1807. 

"  Dr.  Burges  was  a  man  of  strict  principle,  acknow- 
ledged erudition,  and  classical  attainments,  and  devoted 
to  his  profession  ;  but,  as  his  health  did  not  allow  him 
to  enter  into  general  practice,  he  lived  very  quietly 
with  his  two  maiden  sisters  upon  his  patrimonial  pro- 
perty. He  had  made  the  study,  and  his  collection,  of 
the  materia  medica,  his  occupation  and  amusement, 
and  his  zealous  perseverance  in  this  pursuit  was  con- 
tinued as  long  as  his  health  permitted.  Taking  ad- 
vantage of  opportunities  fortunately  afforded  by  the 
assistance  of  a  near  relative,  Sir  James  Bland  Burges, 
for  some  time  under-secretary  of  state  in  the  Foreign 
Office,  his  collection  thus  became  remarkable  for  its 
extent  and  authenticity ;  and  he  frequently  gave  gra- 
tuitous lectures  upon  particular  subjects,  sometimes 
public,  more  frequently  private,  and  always  had  plea- 
sure in  imparting  information  to  others.""""  The  nature 
and  extent  of  Dr.  Burges'  collection  had  become  so 
well  known  that  various  applications  were  made  to  him 
respecting  its  disposal.  Particular  feelings  which  he 
had  upon  the  subject  of  its  possession  and  care  induced 
him  to  leave  it  by  will  to  Mr.  E.  A.  Brande,  a  former 
pupil  of  his,  and  a  son  of  one  of  his  oldest  friends,  by 

*  See  a  MS.  Memoir  of  Dr.  Burges,  by  E.  A.  Brande,  csq.,  iu 
the  College  Library. 

X   2 


308  ROLL   OF   THE  [1770 

whom  it  was  presented  in  1809  to  the  College  of  Phy- 
sicians, upon  the  sole  condition  that  they  would  engage 
to  take  all  necessary  steps  for  its  preservation,  and  for 
its  being  made  of  use  to  the  public.  This  trust  the 
College  have  faithfully  fulfilled.  By  the  purchase  of 
Dr.  Combe's  collection,  and  by  subsequent  donations, 
among  which  must  be  mentioned  one  of  Cinchona  barks, 
by  Mr.  Howard  of  Stratford,  the  original  cabinet  of 
Dr.  Burges  has  been  considerably  extended,  and  ren- 
dered one  of  the  most  complete,  as  it  is,  probably,  the 
most  curious  now  existing  in  the  United  Kingdom. 

JOHN  RAWLINSON,  M.D.,  was  born  in  London  and 
on  the  19th  February,  1760,  was  admitted  a  pensioner 
of  Queen's  college,  Cambridge,  as  a  member  of  which 
he  proceeded  M.B.  1767,  M.D.  1774.  He  was  admitted 
a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  Septem- 
ber, 1774  ;  a  Fellow,  30th  September,  1775  ;  and  was 
Censor  in  1778.  Dr.  Rawlinson  was  elected  physician 
to  St.  Thomas's  hospital  in  1773,  and  resigned  his  office 
there  in  1780.  He  left  London  in  1783,  and  retired  to 
Coombe  in  Hampshire. 

ROBERT  ROBERTSON,  M.D.,  a  native  of  Scotland,  and 
a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Edinburgh  of  1765  (D.M.I,  de 
Scorbuto),  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  30th  September,  1775. 

ANDREW  DOUGLAS,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Teviotdale, 
and  received  his  medical  education  at  Edinburgh.  In 
1756  he  was  appointed  a  surgeon  in  the  navy,  and 
served  for  some  years  with  reputation  in  that  capacity. 
He  settled  afterwards  as  a  surgeon  at  Deal,  but  left  it 
and  returned  to  Edinburgh,  where  he  graduated  doctor 
of  medicine  in  1775  (D.M.I,  de  Variolae  Insitione).  He 
was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
30th  September,  1776  ;  and  then,  settling  in  London, 
devoted  himself  to  the  practice  of  midwifery,  and  was 
for  several  years  physician  to  the  Charity  for  Delivering 


1777]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        309 

Poor  Married  Women  at  their  own  Houses.  Having  ac- 
quired a  considerable  fortune  by  marriage,  Dr.  Douglas 
relinquished  practice,  and  in  1792  visited  the  continent. 
There  he  was  detained,  and  it  was  not  until  1796  that 
he  obtained  permission  from  the  Directory  to  return 
home.  In  1800  he  removed  to  Ednam-house,  Kelso, 
which  he  had  recently  purchased,  and  was  on  his  way 
thence  to  London  when  he  was  taken  seriously  ill  at 
Buxton,  and  died  there  10th  June,  1806,  aged  seventy. 
He  was  the  author  of — 

Observations  on  an  Extraordinary  Case  of  Ruptured  Uterus.  8vo. 
Lond.  1785. 

Observations  on  the  Rupture  of  the  Gravid  Uterus  :  with  the 
Sequel  of  Mrs.  Manning's  Case.  8vo.  Lond.  1789. 

SAMUEL  DANIEL,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  Mr.  John 
Daniel,  a  surgeon  in  extensive  practice  at  Beaminster, 
co.  Dorset.  He  received  his  medical  education  at 
Edinburgh,  where  he  graduated  doctor  of  medicine 
12th  September,  1776  (D.M.I.  de  Ictero) ;  and  was 
admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physi- 
cians 29th  March,  1777.  He  practised  at  Crewkerne, 
co.  Somerset. 

JOHN  JEBB,  M.D.,  was  the  eldest  son  of  Dr.  John 
Jebb,  dean  of  Cashel,  and  was  born  in  London  16th 
February,  1736.  He  received  his  preliminary  educa- 
tion in  Ireland,  whence  he  was  transferred  to  Cam- 
bridge, and  entered  at  Peterhouse,  of  which  society  he 
subsequently  became  a  fellow.  He  proceeded  A.B. 
1757,  A.M.  1760,  received  orders  in  the  Church  of 
England,  and  obtained  some  Church  preferment.  He 
had  early  adopted  the  plan  of  giving  theological  lec- 
tures at  Cambridge,  which  were  attended  by  numerous 
pupils,  until  his  peculiar  opinions  became  generally 
known,  when  (in  1770)  a  prohibition  was  published  in 
the  university.  How  soon  he  had  begun  to  deviate 
from  the  opinions  he  held  at  the  time  of  his  ordination 
is  uncertain,  but  in  a  letter  dated  21st  October,  1775, 


310  ROLL   OF   THE  [1777 

he  says,  "  I  have  for  seven  years  past  in  my  lectures 
steadily  maintained  the  proper  unity  of  God,  and  that 
He  alone  should  be  the  object  of  worship."  He  adds, 
that  he  warned  his  hearers  that  this  was  not  the  re- 
ceived opinion,  but  that  his  own  was  settled,  and  ex- 
horted them  to  inquire  diligently.  He  had  vacated 
his  fellowship  at  Peterhouse  by  his  marriage,  on  the 
29th  December,  1764,  to  Miss  Torkington,  and  in  1775 
he  came  to  the  resolution  of  resigning  his  ecclesiastical 
preferments,  viz.,  the  rectory  of  Homersfield,  and  the 
vicarage  of  Flitton,  in  Suffolk.  By  the  advice  of  his 
friends  he  then  applied  himself  to  the  study  of  medi- 
cine. For  this  new  object  he  studied  indefatigably, 
and  was  created  doctor  of  medicine  by  the  university 
of  St.  Andrew's  in  the  early  part  of  1777.  He  was 
admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th 
June,  1777,  when  he  settled  in  Craven-street,  Strand, 
and  commenced  practice  as  a  physician.  He  was  ad- 
mitted a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  25th  February, 
1779. 

Dr.  Jebb  was  highly  esteemed  among  the  violent  par- 
tisans of  unbounded  liberty,  religious  and  political,  and 
was  undoubtedly  a  persoji  of  learning  and  talents, 
though  they  were  both  so  much  absorbed  in  controversy 
as  to  leave  little  among  his  writings  of  general  or  per- 
manent use.  Amidst  the  cares  of  his  new  profession  he 
did  not  withdraw  his  attention  from  theological  study, 
nor  from  whab  he  considered  as  the  cause  of  true  liberty. 
He  was  still,  as  he  had  been  for  many  years,  zealous  for 
the  abolition  of  subscription,  a  warm  friend  to  the  cause 
of  America  against  England,  an  incessant  advocate  for 
annual  parliaments  and  universal  suffrage,  a  writer  in 
newspapers,  and  a  speaker  at  public  meetings.  So  many 
eager  pursuits  seem  to  have  exhausted  his  constitution, 
and  he  died,  apparently  of  a  decline,  in  March,  1786. 
His  portrait,  by  Hoppner,  was  engraved  by  J.  Young. 
Dr.  J  ebb's  learning  was  varied  and  extensive.  He  was 
master  of  many  languages,  among  which  were  Hebrew 
and  Arabic,  and  during  his  last  illness  he  studied  Saxon 


1777]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  311 

and  the  Anglo-Saxon  laws  and  antiquities.  He  had 
twice  been  a  candidate  for  the  professorship  of  Arabic 
at  Cambridge.  He  had,  too,  some  knowledge  of  the 
law,  which  he  once  thought  of  making  his  profession, 
even  after  he  had  applied  himself  to  medicine.  He  was 
a  good  mathematician,  and  was  concerned  with  two 
friends  in  publishing  at  Cambridge  a  small  quarto  volume 
entitled  "  Excerpta  qusedam  e  Newtonii  Principiis  Phi- 
losophic Naturalis,  cum  Notis  Variorum,"  which  was 
received  as  a  standard  book  of  instruction  at  the  uni- 
versity. Dr.  Jebb's  only  medical  publication  was  "  Se- 
lect Cases  of  the  Disorders  commonly  called  Paralysis 
of  the  Lower  Extremities.  8vo.  Lond.  1782."  This, 
with  his  other  writings,  were  collected  into  three  volumes 
8vo.  by  Dr.  Disney,  and  published  in  1787.""" 

RICHARD  BUDD,  M.D.,  was  descended  from  a  family 
long  settled  in  Hampshire;  but  was  born,  in  1746,  at 
Newbury,  in  Berkshire,  where  his  father  was  a  man  of 
influence  as  a  banker.  He  was  educated  at  Jesus  col- 
lege,t  Cambridge,  as  a  member  of  which  he  proceeded 
M.B.  1770,  M.D.  1775.  He  commenced  practice  at 
Newbury,  but  in  1780  removed  to  London.  Admitted 
a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  Septem- 
ber, 1776,  and  a  Fellow,  30th  September,  1777;  he 
was  Censor  in  1780,  1783,  1786,  1789,  1791,  1798  ; 
Gulstonian  lecturer  andHarveian  orator  in  1781  ;  Trea- 
surer from  18th  March,  1799,  to  4th  April,  1814  ;  and 
Elect,  22nd  December,  1797,  an  office  which  he  resigned 
14th  July,  1818.  Dr.  Budd  was  elected  physician  to 
St.  Bartholomew's  hospital  23rd  June,  1780,  and  re- 
tired from  that  office  in  1801.  He  was  also  physician 
to  Christ's  hospital,  and  in  this  capacity  was  the  means 
of  introducing  potatoes  as  a  part  of  the  diet  of  the  in- 
mates of  that  school.  Dr.  Budd  had  rendered  himself 

*  Nichols'  Literary  Anecdotes,  vol.  i,  p.  571. 

t  At  Jesus  college,  Cambridge,  is  a  scholarship,  founded  in  1630, 
by  his  great  great  grandfather,  Richard  Budd,  esq.,  king's  auditor 
for  the  counties  of  Hants,  Wilts,  and  Dorset. 


312  ROLL  OF   THE  [1777 

independent  by  marriage  with  the  only  child  of  a 
wealthy  city  merchant  of  the  name  of  Stubler,  and  he 
was  not  solicitous  of  much  laborious  professional  exer- 
tion. He  died  at  Battersea-rise  on  the  2nd  September, 
1821,  aged  seventy-five,  was  buried  at  Speen,  near 
Newbury,  co.  Berks,  and  is  commemorated  on  the  same 
gravestone  with  bis  sister  who  had  preceded  him  to 
the  grave.  Dr.  Budd's  portrait  was  painted  by  Dance, 
and  engraved  by  W.  Daniels. 

SAMUEL  MUSGRAVE,  M.D. — This  accomplished  scho- 
lar was  born  at  Washfield,  in  the  county  of  Devon,  on 
the  29th  September,  1732;  and  was  educated  at  the 
grammar  school  of  Barnstaple  during  the  mastership  of 
Mr.  Wright.  He  was  entered  a  scholar  of  Corpus 
Christi  college,  Oxford,  27th  February,  1749  ;  and  pro- 
ceeded A.B.  27th  February,  1753  ;  A.M.  5th  March, 
1756.  Soon  afterwards  he  was  elected  one  of  the  Rad- 
cliffe  travelling  fellows,  and,  in  pursuance  of  the  condi- 
tions of  that  appointment,  spent  several  years  upon  the 
continent.  He  divided  his  time  between  Holland  and 
France.  In  1760  he  sent  to  the  press  "  Some  Remarks 
on  Dr.  Boerhaave's  Theory  of  the  Attrition  of  the  Blood 
in  the  Lungs/'  8vo.  Lond. ;  and  in  1762  published  at 
Leyden  "  Exercitationes  duee  in  Euripidem,"  8vo.  In. 
1763  he  took  the  degree  of  M.D.  at  Leyden,  and  printed 
as  his  academical  exercise  a  learned  essay  in  defence  of 
empirical  medicine  ("  Dissertatio  Inauguralis  de  Medi- 
cina  Empirica").  He  then  revisited  Paris,  and  was 
elected  a  corresponding  member  of  the  Royal  Academy 
of  Inscriptions  and  Belles  Lettres.  The  term  of  his 
Radcliffe  fellowship  having  expired,  Dr.  Musgrave  re- 
turned to  England,  and  settled  at  Exeter  ;  and  on  the 
24th  July,  1766,  was  elected  physician  to  the  Devon 
and  Exeter  hospital.  His  success  in  Exeter  not  proving 
commensurate  with  his  expectations,  he  resigned  his 
office  at  the  hospital,  and  in  the  latter  part  of  1768  re- 
moved to  Plymouth. 

In  the  following  year  (12th  August,  1769),  Dr.  Mus- 


1777]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        313 

grave  astonished  the  county,  and  indeed  the  whole  king- 
dom, by  the  publication  of  "  An  Address  to  the  Gentle- 
men, Clergy,  and  Freeholders  of  the  County  of  Devon." 
This  Address,  ostensibly  called  forth  by  the  circum- 
stance that  the  sheriff  of  the  county  had  then  summoned 
a  meeting  to  consider  the  propriety  of  petitioning  both 
Houses  of  Parliament  for  the  redress  of  grievances,  was 
altogether  of  so  extraordinary  a  nature,  and  proved  so 
damaging  to  the  doctor's  character,  that  some  account 
of  its  contents  becomes  necessary  in  elucidation  of  Dr. 
Musgrave's  subsequent  career,  and  of  the  lamentable 
circumstances  under  which  he  died.  In  the  Address 
Dr.  Musgrave  tells  us  that,  during  his  residence  at  Paris 
in  1764,  he  had  received  trustworthy  information  that 
an  overture  had,  in  that  year,  been  made  to  certain  in- 
fluential members  of  Parliament,  in  the  name  of  the 
chevalier  d'Eon,  importing  that  he,  the  chevalier,  was 
ready  to  impeach  three  persons,  two  of  whom  were  peers 
of  the  realm  and  privy  councillors,  of  selling  the  then 
recent  peace  to  the  French  Government.  On  Dr.  Mus- 
grave's return  to  England  in  1765,  he  obtained  an  in- 
terview with  lord  Halifax,  then  Secretary  of  Sta,te,  and 
communicated  the  information  he  had  received,  at  the 
same  time  urging  his  lordship  to  send  for  the  chevalier, 
question  him,  and  examine  his  papers.  Lord  Halifax, 
who  the  doctor  admits  was  polite  though  evasive,  at 
first  objected  to  any  public  step  that  might  excite  alarm, 
and  naturally  asked  for  confirmatory  or  documentary 
evidence  in  support  of  so  grave  a  charge.  Dr.  Mus- 
grave thereupon  submitted  copies  of  four  letters  to  and 
from  lord  Hertford,  purporting  to  bear  upon  the  sub- 
ject. These  were  apparently  unsatisfactory  as  evidence  ; 
and  lord  Halifax,  considering  the  charge  groundless, 
peremptorily  refused  to  take  any  steps  whatever  in  the 
affair.  Nothing  daunted,  Dr.  Musgrave  then  applied 
to  the  Speaker  of  the  House  of  Commons,  but  with  no 
better  result.  Here  for  a  time  the  matter  rested  as  re- 
gards the  doctor,  who,  however,  tells  us  he  had  been 
informed  by  Mr.  Fitzherbert,  that,  subsequently  to  his 


,'U4  ROLL    OF    THE  [1777 

interview  with  lord  Halifax,  an  overture  had  been  made 
to  the  chevalier  d'Eon,  the  object  of  which  was  to  get 
the  papers  out  of  his  hands  for  a  stipulated  sum  of 
money. 

It  is  difficult  to  assign  a  reason  for  Dr.  Musgrave's 
untimely  publication.  Although  he  had  not  succeeded 
as  a  physician  in  Exeter,  where  the  ground  was  already 
occupied  by  Dr.  Andrew  and  Dr.  Glass,  his  prospects 
at  Plymouth  were  most  encouraging,  and  nothing  was 
wanting  but  patience  and  abstinence  from  public  and 
party  strife,  to  place  him  at  the  head  of  the  profession 
in  that  town  and  neighbourhood.  All  Dr.  Masgrave's 
hopes  of  professional  success  were  however  blighted  by 
the  publication  of  the  Address.  In  it  he  claims  credit 
for  pure  patriotism,  and  a  desire  to  visit  with  befitting 
punishment  those  who,  high  in  the  councils  of  this 
country,  had  proved  traitors  to  its  interests.  He  ad- 
mits he  was  himself  unable  to  support  the  charge  of 
corruption  against  those  he  accused  ;  and  his  immediate 
complaint  to  the  freeholders  of  Devon  was  of  a  different 
nature,  and  against  a  different  person — the  refusal  of 
lord  Halifax  to  proceed  on  his  information,  he  regarded 
as  a  wilful  obstruction  of  national  justice,  for  which  he 
wished  to  see  his  lordship  undergo  a  suitable  punish- 
ment. The  Address  led  to  a  host  of  pamphlets.  It  was 
at  once  answered  by  the  chevalier  d'Eon,  who  repu- 
diated all  knowledge  of  Dr.  Musgrave,  and  emphatically 
denied  everything  that  had  been  advanced  concerning 
himself;  the  statements  in  the  Address  were  also 
minutely  examined,  and  discredited  in  an  anonymous 
pamphlet ;  and  finally,  after  a  full  hearing  in  the  House 
of  Commons,  the  doctor's  assertions  were  voted  in  the 
highest  degree  frivolous  and  unworthy  of  credit. 

Devonshire  no  longer  offered  Dr.  Musgrave  a  chance 
of  success,  and  after  a  time  he  determined  on  trying 
his  fortune  in  London.  Preparatory  thereto,  aud  as  a 
necessary  preliminary  to  his  admission  to  the  Fellow- 
ship of  the  College  of  Physicians,  he,  on  the  8th  of  De- 
cember, 1775,  took  his  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  at 


1777]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        315 

Oxford.  He  fixed  himself  in  Hart-street,  Bloomsbury; 
was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
on  30th  September,  1776  ;  and  a  Fellow,  30th  Septem- 
ber, 1777.  He  was  Gulstonian  Lecturer  and  Censor 
in  1779.  Dr.  Musgrave's  life  in  town  was  a  constant 
struggle  with  difficulties.  Though  active  and  energetic, 
a  good  practitioner,  and  a  most  accomplished  scholar, 
he  did  not  succeed  as  a  physician.  His  sole  resource 
thenceforward  was  his  pen,  which,  indeed,  was  rarely  idle. 
In  1776  he  published  a  pamphlet,  entitled,  "  Specula- 
tions and  Conjectures  on  the  Qualities  of  the  Nerves  •" 
in  1777  his  relative  Dr.  William  Musgrave's  treatise, 
"  De  Arthritide  Primigeniil,  et  Regulari;"  in  1779  his 
Gulstonian  lectures  before  the  College  of  Physicians, 
embracing  dyspnoea,  pleurisy,  periprieumony  and  pul- 
monary consumption ;  and  lastly,  a  thin  pamphlet,  "On 
the  Nature  and  Cure  of  the  Worm  Fever."  These,  Dr. 
Musgrave's  medical  works,  are  now  well. nigh  forgotten. 
They  were  evidently  written  as  a  last  and  desperate 
effort  to  obtain  notice  and  practice.  They  did  not 
effect  their  object ;  the  doctor's  circumstances  became 
more  and  more  embarrassed,  and  he  died  at  his  lodg- 
ings, in  Hart-street,  in  great  poverty,  on  the  5th  of 
July,  1780,  in  the  forty-eighth  year  of  his  age.  In 
the  burial  ground  of  St.  George's,  Bloomsbury,  where 
he  was  interred,  is  a  stone  with  the  following  short 
inscription : — 

Here  lies  the  body  of  SAMUEL  MUSGBAVE,  M.D.,  who  departed  this 
life  July  5,  1780,  in  his  48th  year. 

In  1781  a  posthumous  work  was  published,  by  sub- 
scription, for  the  benefit  of  the  doctor's  family.  It 
comprised,  "  Two  Dissertations.  1.  On  the  Grecian 
Mythology.  2.  An  Examination  of  Sir  Isaac  Newton's 
Objections  to  the  Chronology  of  the  Olympiads."  8vo. 
Lond. 

As  a  Greek  scholar  Dr.  Musgrave  had  few  superiors. 
He  was  passionately  fond  of  Euripides,  with  whose 
works  his  name  will  descend  to  the  latest  posterity. 


316  ROLL   OF   THE  [1778 

He  had,  as  we  have  seen,  already  published  at  Leyden 
two  valuable  dissertations  on  this  author,  and  his  MS. 
notes  and  collections  were  known  to  be  so  valuable, 
that  the  university  of  Oxford  purchased  them  for  200£. 
They  are  incorporated  in  the  excellent  edition,  in  four 
volumes  4to.  which  issued  from  the  Oxford  press  in 
1778.  This  edition,  besides  the  Greek  text  and  Latin 
version,  contains  the  author's  life,  by  Moscopulus, 
Thomas  Magister,  and  Aulus  Gellius  ;  a  chronology 
of  events  relative  to  the  Grecian  stage,  various  read- 
ings  and  annotations,  the  fragments  of  the  lost  trage- 
dies, with  the  Greek  scholia  of  seven  tragedies,  and  an 
index  to  the  notes. 

JOHN  LEE,  M.D. — A  native  of  Kerry,  and  a  doctor 
of  medicine  of  Rheirns,  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  13th  April,  1778.  He  was 
admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  7th  February, 
1782.  Dr.  Lee  practised  at  Bath,  where  he  died  at  an 
advanced  age  on  the  6th  July,  1822.  He  published 
"A  Narrative  of  a  singular  Gouty  Case,  with  Observa- 
tions." 8vo.  Lond.  1782. 

SIR  FRANCIS  MILMAN,  BART.,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of 
a  clergyman,  and  was  born  in  Devonshire  in  1746.  He 
was  seat  to  Exeter  college,  Oxford,  and  as  a  member  of 
that  house  proceeded  A.B.  9th  May,  1764 ;  A.M.  14th 
January,  1767  ;  M.B.  7th  July,  1770  ;  and  M.D.  23rd 
November,  1776.  In  May,  1771,  he  was  elected  one  of 
the  RadclifFe  travelling  fellows ;  and  whilst  abroad,  in 
compliance  with  the  conditions  of  his  fellowship,  was 
called  into  attendance  on  the  duke  of  Gloucester  at 
Rome.  Dr.  Milman  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  30th  September,  1777  ;  and  a 
Fellow  30th  September,  1778.  He  would  seem  about 
this  period  to  have  had  some  idea  of  quitting  the 
medical  profession  and  entering  the  church,  for  in 
September,  1779,  he  resigned  his  office  of  physician 
to  the  Middlesex  hospital,  to  which  he  had  been  elected 


1778]  ROYAL   COLLEGE    OF   PHYSICIANS.  317 

in  1777;  and  on  the  10th  November,  1778,  took  the 
degree  of  bachelor  of  divinity  at  Oxford.  The  inten- 
tion, however,  if  seriously  entertained,  was  speedily 
given  up,  and  by  the  patronage  of  the  duke  of  Glou- 
cester he  was  soon  introduced  into  good  practice.  Tn 
1785  he  was  appointed  physician  extraordinary  to  the 
king's  household;  and  in  1796  joint  physician  to  the 
household.  He  was  created  a  baronet  in  1800,  and 
about  the  same  time  physician  extraordinary  to  the 
king,  shortly  afterwards  physician  in  ordinary  to  the 
queen,  and  in  1806  physician  in  ordinary  to  the  king. 
Sir  Francis  Milman  was  Censor  in  1779,  1784,  1788, 
1794,  1799;  Croonian  lecturer  in  1781  ;  and  Harveian 
orator  in  1782.  He  was  named  an  Elect  30th  July, 
1798,  in  place  of  his  fellow  countryman,  Sir  George 
Baker,  resigned;  and  was  elected  President  in  1811, 
an  office  which  he  filled  for  two  years,  resigning  it  on 
the  6th  October,  1813.  Sir  Francis  Milman  died  at  his 
seat,  Pinner  grove,  Middlesex,  24th  June,  1821,  in  the 
seventy-fifth  year  of  his  age,  and  was  buried  in  the  old 
church  at  Chelsea.  He  was  the  author  of 

Animadversiones  de  Natura  Hydropis  ejusque  Curatione.  8vo. 
Lond.  1799. 

On  the  Source  of  the  Scurvy  and  Putrid  Fever.  8vo.  Lond. 
1782, 

JAMES  SIMS,  M.D.,  \vas  the  son  of  a  dissenting 
minister,  born  in  the  county  of  Down  in  1741,  and 
after  a  good  preliminary  education  was  sent  to  Leyden, 
where  he  proceeded  doctor  of  medicine  in  1764  (D.M.I, 
de  Temperie  Fceminea  et  Morbis  inde  Oriundis).  Re- 
turning to  Ireland,  he  settled  at  Tyrone,  where  he 
practised  for  nine  or  ten  years  with  distinguished  re- 
putation, and  then  removed  to  London.  He  was  ad- 
mitted a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th 
September,  1778.  In  1810,  after  a  successful  career  in 
town,  whereby  he  had  accumulated  an  easy  competency, 
Dr.  Sims  removed  to  Bath,  where  he  died  in  1820,  in 
the  eightieth  year  of  his  age.  Dr.  Sims  was  physician 


318  ROLL   OF   THE  [1773 

to  the  General  dispensary,  and  one  of  the  founders  of 
the  London  Medical  Society,  of  which  he  was  for  many 
years  president.  "  He  was,"  says  Mr.  Wadd,  "  a 
good-humoured,  pleasant  man,  full  of  anecdote,  an 
ample  reservoir  of  good  things,  and  for  figures  and 
facts  a  perfect  chronicle  of  other  times.  He  had  a  most 
retentive  memory,  but  when  that  failed  in  any  parti- 
cular he  referred  to  a  book  of  knowledge  in  the  shape 
of  a  pocket-book,  from  which  he  quoted  with  oracular 
authority."  Dr.  Sims'  portrait  was  painted  by  Medley, 
and  engraved  by  Bran  white.  He  was  the  author  of — 

Observations  on  Epidemic  Diseases,  with  Remarks  on  Nervous 
and  Malignant  Fevers.  8vo.  Lond.  1773. 

A  Discourse  on  the  best  method  of  prosecuting  Medical  Inquiries. 
8vo.  Lond.  1774. 

The  Principles  and  Practice  of  Midwifery,  by  G.  Foster,  M.D., 
completed  by  James  Sims,  M.D.  8vo.  Lond.  1781. 

SAMUEL  FOABT  SIMMONS,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Sand- 
wich, co.  Kent,  17th  March,  1750,  and  educated  at  a 
seminary  in  France,  where  he  obtained  not  only  a  com- 
petent knowledge  of  the  classics,  but  a  minute  and 
critical  knowledge  of  the  French  language,  which  he 
wrote  and  spoke  with  the  same  ease  and  correctness  as 
his  own.  His  medical  studies  were  commenced  at 
Edinburgh,  where  he  continued  three  years.  He  then 
passed  over  to  Holland,  and  at  Leyden  proceeded  doc- 
tor of  medicine  in  1776  (D.M.I,  de  Bubeola).  Dr. 
Simmons  then  visited  Groningen,  where  he  made  the 
acquaintance  of  the  celebrated  Camper,  and  proceeded 
thence  to  Aix-la-Chapelle,  visiting  different  parts  of 
Germany,  and  stopping  for  a  time  at  each  of  the  prin- 
cipal universities  in  that  country.  At  Berne  he  became 
known  to  Haller,  who  afterwards  ranked  him  among 
his  friends  and  correspondents.  On  his  way  from  Berne 
to  Geneva  he  paid  his  respects  to  Voltaire,  at  Ferney, 
and  after  spending  a  few  weeks  at  Montpelier  pro- 
ceeded homewards  through  Bordeaux  to  Paris.  His 
intention  was  to  have  practised  in  his  native  county, 
Kent,  and  with  this  view  he  came  before  the  College  of 


1778]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF    PHYSICIANS.  319 

Physicians,  and  on  the  1st  July,  1777,  was  admitted 
an  Extra-Licentiate.  Within  a  few  months,  however, 
he  determined  on  settling  in  London,  and  was  admitted 
a  Licentiate  of  the  College  30th  September,  1778.  Dr. 
Simmons  was  elected  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  in 
1779,  and  of  the  Society  of  Antiquaries  in  1791,  as  he 
had  before  been  of  the  different  academies  of  Nantes, 
Montpelier,  and  Madrid.  He  was  an  honorary  fellow 
of  the  College  of  Physicians  of  Lorraine,  a  foreign  fellow 
of  the  Royal  Society  of  Medicine  of  Paris,  an  honorary 
member  of  the  Medical  Society  of  Edinburgh,  and  of 
the  Philosophical  Society  of  Manchester.  In  1780  he 
was  appointed  physician  to  the  Westminster  dispen- 
.  sary,  and  in  1781  physician  to  St.  Luke's  hospital.  From 
this  time  to  the  period  of  his  death  he  devoted  himself 
almost  exclusively  to  the  treatment  of  insanity,  in 
which  department  he  attained  a  high  reputation,  and 
from  it  accumulated  an  ample  fortune.  In  1803  Dr. 
Simmons  was  called  into  attendance  on  the  king,  and 
in  May,  1804,  was  appointed  one  of  his  Majesty's  phy- 
sicians extraordinary.  He  resigned  his  office  at  St. 
Luke's  hospital  in  February,  1811  ;  when  the  governors, 
as  a  mark  of  their  esteem  and  respect,  appointed  him 
consulting  physician,  an  office  created  expressly  for 
him  and  allowed  to  lapse  on  his  decease.  Dr.  Simmons 
died  at  his  house  in  Poland-street,  23rd  April,  1813, 
aged  sixty-three,  and  was  buried  in  the  churchyard  of 
St.  Clement's,  Sandwich,  Kent.  His  tomb  bears  the 
following  inscription  : — 

Within  this  tomb  lieth 

SAMUEL  FOART  SIMMONS,  M.D., 

Physician  Extraordinary  to  his  Majesty, 

Fellow  of  the  Royal  Society, 
and  Physician  to  the  hospital  of  St.  Luke's,  in  London. 

He  was  a  native  of  this  town  and  port, 
and  after  a  life  zealously  devoted  to  his  profession, 

and  the  pursuits  of  science, 
died  on  the  23rd  day  of  April,  1813,  aged  sixty-three  years. 

His  widow  and  son  have  caused  this  monument 

to  be  erected  in  grateful  affection  for  his  memory. 

Here  are  also  deposited  the  remains  of 


320  ROLL   OF   THE  [1779 

SUSANNA,  wife  of  Samuel  Foart  Simmons,  M.D., 
who  died  on  the  20th  of  June,  1820. 

He  left  one  son,  Richard  Simmons,  M.D.,  a  Fellow  of 
the  College. 

Dr.  Simmons  was  a  voluminous  writer.  He  was  for 
many  years  the  sole  editor  of  the  "London  Medical 
Journal,"  and  of  the  "  Medical  Facts  and  Observations." 
He  was  also  the  originator  and  compiler  of  the  "Medical 
Register  " — the  prototype  of  the  Medical  Directories  of 
the  present  day.  Papers  from  his  pen  are  to  be  found 
in  the  "  Philosophical  Transactions,"  the  "  Medical 
Commentaries,"  and  in  other  periodical  publications. 
Of  his  separate  works,  the  following  is,  I  believe,  a  com- 
plete list : — 

Elements  of  Anatomy  and  the  Animal  Economy.  Translated 
from  the  French  of  M.  Person,  with  Notes.  8vo.  Lond.  1775. 

Observations  on  the  Cure  of  the  Gonorrhoea.    8vo.  Lond.  1780. 

An  Account  of  the  Tenia,  and  the  Method  of  treating  it,  as  prac- 
tised at  Morat,  in  Switzerland.  8vo.  Lond.  1778. 

Practical  Observations  on  the  Treatment  of  Consumption.  8vo. 
Lond.  1780. 

An  Account  of  the  Life  and  Writings  of  Dr.  William  Hunter. 
8vo.  Lond.  1783. 

Sm  ISAAC  PENNINGTON,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Lanca- 
shire, and  received  his  early  education  at  the  grammar 
school  of  Sedbergh.  He  was  entered  at  St.  John's  col- 
lege, Cambridge,  in  1763,  and  was  elected  a  fellow  of 
that  house  in  1768.  He  proceeded  A.B.  1767  ;  A.M. 
1770;  M.D.  1777;  was  appointed  professor  of  chemis- 
try in  the  university  of  Cambridge  in  1773  ;  and  regius 
professor  of  medicine  in  1793,  when  he  resigned  the 
chair  of  chemistry.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  13th  April,  1778  ;  a  Fellow 
29th  March,  1779  ;  and  was  Harveian  orator  in  1783. 
He  was  elected  physician  to  Addenbrooke  hospital  in 
1785,  and  continued  in  that  office  until  his  death.  He 
received  the  honour  of  knighthood  in  1796.  Sir  Isaac 
Pennington's  professional  attainments  were  consider- 
able, and  his  amiable  disposition  and  social  qualities 


1779]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        321 

endeared  him  to  a  numerous  circle  of  friends.  He  was 
never  married ;  and  at  the  time  of  his  death,  which  oc- 
curred 3rd  February,  1817,  in  the  seventy-second  year 
of  his  age,  he  was  the  senior  fellow  of  St.  John's  col- 
lege. The  bulk  of  his  fortune,  which  was  considerable, 
he  gave  to  St.  John's  college,  to  augment  the  master- 
ship and  establish  exhibitions  of  poor  scholars.  To  mark 
their  gratitude  and  their  estimation  of  his  virtues,  the 
master  and  fellows  of  St.  John's  caused  a  tablet,  with 
the  following  inscription,  to  be  placed  on  the  north  wall 
of  the  ante-chapel  of  their  college  : 

H.  S.  E. 

ISAACUS  PENNINGTON, 

Eques  Auratus,  M.D. 

Coll.  Medicorum  Regal,  apud  Lcradinum 

Socius, 

in  Acad.  Cantab,  primo  Chemise 
deinde  Regis  Mandate  Medicinse 

Professor, 
hujus  Collegii  plus  XLVIII.  annos 

Socius. 

In  curandis  morbo  laborantibus 

diligens,  benevolens,  prudens,  felix, 

erga  omnes  comis  et  humanus, 

suorum  amantissimus  : 
Collegium  quod  virtutibus  vivus 

ornabat, 
Moriens  suis  omnibus  fere  bonis  auxit. 

Decessit  annorum  LXXII. 
in     Non.     Feb.     MDCCCXVII. 

Magister  et  Socii 
L.  L.  M.  ponendum  curaverunt. 

SEGUIN  HENRY  JACKSON,  M.D.,  was  born  in  London, 
and  was  the  son  of  Ralph  Jackson,  a  medical  practi- 
tioner. He  was  educated  at  Edinburgh,  where  he  gra- 
duated doctor  of  medicine  in  1778  (D.M.I,  de  Physio- 
logia  et  Pathologia  Dentium).  He  was  admitted  a 
Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  29th  March, 
1779  ;  and  died  at  his  house  in  Hanover-street,  Han- 
over-square, 14th  October,  1816,  aged  sixty-four.  We 
have  from  his  pen — 

A  Treatise  on  Medical  Sympathy,  and  on  the  Balance  and  Con- 
VOL.  II.  Y 


322  ROLL   OF   THE  [1779 

nection  of  the  Extreme  Vessels  of  the  Human  Body.  8vo.  Lond. 
1787. 

Dermato-Pathologia,  or  Practical  Observations  on  the  Pathology 
and  proximate  Cause  of  Diseases  of  the  true  Skin  and  its  ema- 
nations, the  Rete  Mucosum  and  Cuticle.  8vo.  Lond.  1792. 

Cautions  to  Women  respecting  the  State  of  Pregnancy.  12mo. 
Lond.  1798. 

Observations  on  the  Epidemic  Disease  which  lately  prevailed  at 
Gibraltar,  intended  to  illustrate  the  Nature  of  Contagious  Fevers  in 
general.  8vo.  Lond.  1806. 

JOHN  SIMS,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Canterbury.  After  a 
good  private  education  at  a  school  at  Burford  in  Oxford- 
shire, and  afterwards  under  his  father,  a  good  classical 
scholar,  at  home,  he  was  sent  to  Edinburgh.  He  passed 
the  session  of  1773-74  at  Ley  den,  and  then  returned  to 
Edinburgh,  where  he  took  the  degree  of  doctor  of  medi- 
cine 12th  September,  1774  (D.M.L  de  Usu  Aquse  Fri- 
gid se  Interne).  He  settled  in  London  ;  was  admitted  a 
Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1779  ; 
and  was  appointed  physician  to  the  Surrey  dispensary, 
and  to  the  Charity  for  Delivering  Married  Women  at 
their  own  Houses.  Dr.  Sims  died  at  Dorking  26th 
February,  1831,  aged  eighty- two.  He  was  an  accom- 
plished botanist,  and  for  many  years  edited  the  "  Bota- 
nical Magazine."  He  was  the  author  of — 

A  Letter  on  the  Pregnancy  of  the  pretended  Prophetess  Joanna 
Southcott. 

ANTHONY  FOTHERGILL,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Sedbergh, 
and  obtained  his  medical  education  at  Edinburgh,  Ley- 
den,  and  Paris.  He  graduated  doctor  of  medicine  at 
Edinburgh  in  October,  1763  (D.M.I,  de  Febre  Inter- 
mittente)  ;  and  soon  after,  at  the  recommendation  of 
his  namesake,  though  no  relation,  Dr.  John  Fothergill, 
settled  at  Northampton.  There  he  met  with  more  dif- 
ficulties and  had  greater  opposition  to  encounter  than 
either  he  or  his  patron  had  been  led  to  expect.  Ulti- 
mately, however,  they  were  overcome,  and  his  position 
in  that  town  and  neighbourhood  seems  to  have  come  up 
to  his  desires.  He  continued  at  Northampton  many 


1779]     ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        323 

years,  and  in  1774  was  appointed  physician  to  the  hos- 
pital in  that  town.  Dr.  Fothergill  was  admitted  a 
fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  12th  November,  1778  ;  a 
Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  Septem- 
ber, 1779  ;  and  in  1781,  on  the  death  of  Dr.  John 
Fothergill,  he  removed  to  London  and  settled  in  Harpur- 
street,  the  residence  of  his  deceased  friend.  But  his  suc- 
cess in  town  not  proving  equal  to  his  expectations,  he 
removed  to  Bath  in  the  latter  part  of  1784,  where  he 
soon  acquired  an  extensive  business,  and  realised  a  good 
fortune.  In  1803  Dr.  Fothergill  relinquished  practice, 
and  set  out  on  a  visit  to  the  western  hemisphere.  He 
remained  in  America  several  years,  but  returned  to  this 
country  in  1812,  and  died  at  St.  George's-place,  Surrey, 
llth  May,  1813,  aged  seventy- eight.  He  left  consider- 
able wealth,  most  of  which  was  bequeathed  to  chari- 
table institutions.  He  was  a  frequent  contributor  to 
the  Transactions  of  the  Medical  Society  of  London, 
and  the  following  separate  publications  were  from  his 
pen : — 

Hints  for  Restoring  Animation,  and  for  Preserving  Mankind 
against  Noxious  Vapours.  8vo.  Lond.  1783. 

A  New  Inquiry  into  the  Suspension  of  Vital  Action  in  cases  of 
Drowning  and  Suffocation.  8vo.  Lond.  1795. 

A  New  Experimental  Inquiry  into  the  Nature  and  Qualities  of 
the  Cheltenham  Waters.  8vo.  Bath.  1788. 

Cautions  to  the  Heads  of  Families  on  the  Poison  of  Lead  and 
Copper.  8vo.  Bath.  1790. 

An  Essay  on  the  Abuse  of  Spirituous  Liquors.     8vo.  Bath.   1797. 

An  Essay  on  the  Nature  of  the  Disease  occasioned  by  the  Bite  of 
a  Mad  Dog.  8vo.  Lond.  1798. 

An  Essay  on  the  Preservation  of  Shipwrecked  Mariners,  in 
Answer  to  the  Prize  Questions  proposed  by  the  Royal  Humane  So- 
ciety. 8vo.  Lond.  1799. 

JAMES  FORD,  JUNR.,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  James 
Ford,  M.D.,  physician  extraordinary  to  the  queen,  and 
a  Licentiate  of  the  College  already  mentioned.  He  re- 
ceived his  preliminary  education  at  Westminster,  and 
was  then  sent  to  Edinburgh,  where  he  took  his  degree 
of  doctor  of  medicine  in  1777  (D.M.I,  de  Fermenta- 

Y  2 


324  ROLL  OF  THE  [1781 

tione).  He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  30th  September,  1779  ;  and  was  elected  phy- 
sician to  St.  George's  hospital  23rd  June,  1786,  but  re- 
signed that  office  in  the  latter  part  of  1793.  He  died 
at  Exmouth,  co.  Devon,  after  a  short  illness,  18th 
March,  1799,  aged  forty -five. 

STEPHEN  PELLET,  M.D.,  was  born  in  London.  His 
education  was  commenced  at  Lausanne  ;  afterwards  he 
went  to  Geneva,  and  for  two  years  was  a  pupil  of  De 
Saussure.  He  returned  to  England,  and  was  matri- 
culated at  Hertford  college,  Oxford,  as  a  member  of 
which  house  he  proceeded  A.B.  14th  May,  1773.  He 
then  removed  to  Edinburgh,  where,  after  a  four  years' 
course  of  study,  he  graduated  doctor  of  medicine  24th 
June,  1779  (D.M.I,  de  Palustrium  Locorum  Insalubri- 
tate  a  Miasmate  Oriunda).  He  was  admitted  a  Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  20th  March,  1780  ; 
and  practised  first  at  Reading,  but  afterwards  removed 
to  St.  Alban's,  where,  besides  his  usual  practice  as  a 
physician,  he  had  a  house  for  the  reception  of  lunatics 
of  the  upper  class.  He  was  for  more  than  a  quarter  of 
a  century  an  acting  magistrate  for  the  liberty  of  St. 
Alban's.  Dr.  Pellet  eventually  retired  from  practice, 
and  removed  to  London.  He  died  at  Westbourn-green, 
November  28,  1824,  aged  seventy-eight. 

CHARLES  ELSDEN  BAGGE,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Norfolk, 
and  educated  at  Caius  college,  Cambridge,  of  which  he 
was  a  fellow.  He  proceeded  M.B.  1774  ;  M.D.  1779  ; 
was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
30th  September,  1779  ;  and  a  Fellow,  30th  September, 
1780.  He  practised  for  a  short  period  in  London,  but 
then  settled  at  Lynn  Re^is,  where  he  remained  some 
years,  but  eventually  removed  to  East  Dereham  ;  and, 
as  I  conceive,  died  there  in  1798  or  1799. 

THOMAS  BOWDLER,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Ashley,  near 
Bath,  4th  January,  1754,  and  received  his  medical  edu- 


1781]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  325 

cation  at  Edinburgh,  where  he  graduated  M.D.  in  1776 
(D.M.I,  de  Febrium  [ntermittentium  Natura  et  Indole). 
He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physi- 
cians 9th  April,  1781 ;  a  fellow  of  the  Boyal  Society  in 
1781  ;  and  a  fellow  of  the  Society  of  Antiquaries  in 
1784.  In  1788  he  published  an  interesting  volume  of 
"  Letters  written  in  Holland  in  1787  ;"  and  in  1818  a 
well-known  and  useful  work,  "The  Family  Shake- 
speare." Dr.  Bowdler  closed  a  long  and  useful  life  at 
Bhyddings,  near  Swansea,  on  the  24th  February,  1825. 

THOMAS  CLERK,  M.D.,  a  native  of  Edinburgh,  and  a 
doctor  of  medicine  of  the  university  of  that  city  of  12th 
September,  1776  (D.M.I,  de  Hydrocephalo)  ;  was  ad- 
mitted a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  15th 
May,  1781. 


Here,  namely  from  25th  June,  1781,  we  have  again 
the  Annals  for  our  guidance. 


WILLIAM  KEIR,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Perthshire,  and 
educated  at  Edinburgh,  where  he  took  the  degree  of 
doctor  of  medicine  12th  September,  1778  (D.M.I,  de 
Attractione  Chemica).  He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate 
of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1781.  Dr.  Keir 
was  elected  physician  to  St.  Thomas's  hospital  in  1780  ; 
and  died  of  fever  6th  June,  1783,  aged  thirty. 

WILLIAM  PAYNE,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Worcester,  New 
England,  and  had  resided  and  studied  for  two  years  at 
Harvard  college,  in  that  country.  He  was  created 
doctor  of  medicine  by  the  university  of  Aberdeen  1st 
November,  1775  ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  1st  October,  1781,  and  held  the 
appointment  of  physician  to  the  army. 

SIR  GILBERT  BLANE,  BART.,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of 


326  ROLL   OF   THE  [1781 

Gilbert  Blane,  esq.,  of  Blanefield,  co.  Ayr,  and  was 
born  29th  August,  1747.  He  was  intended  for  the 
church,  and  received  a  good  preliminary  education ; 
but,  his  original  views  having  undergone  a  change,  he 
devoted  himself  to  medicine,  and  spent  five  years  in 
its  study  at  Edinburgh.  He  took  his  degree  of  doctor 
of  medicine  at  Glasgow,  28th  August,  1778.  Whilst 
at  Edinburgh,  Dr.  Blane  had  obtained  the  notice  and 
friendship  of  Dr.  Robertson,  Dr.  Blair,  and  Dr.  Cullen, 
by  the  last  of  whom  he  was  introduced  to  Dr.  William 
Hunter,  then  at  the  zenith  of  his  reputation  in  Lon- 
don. To  the  kindness  of  lord  Holdernesse  and  the 
warm  recommendation  of  Dr.  Hunter,  Dr.  Blane  was 
indebted  for  an  introduction  to  lord  Rodney,  with 
whom  he  sailed  in  the  capacity  of  private  physician, 
but  without  any  public  appointment.  He  was  soon 
however,  appointed  by  lord  Rodney  physician  to  the 
fleet,  and  performed  the  duties  of  that  office  with  so 
much  ability  and  satisfaction  to  all  concerned,  that, 
although  the  mode  of  his  appointment  precluded  him 
from  enjoying  half-pay,  yet,  in  consequence  of  the 
unanimous  application  to  the  Admiralty  of  all  the  prin- 
cipal officers  who  had  been  on  the  station,  he  was  re- 
warded by  a  pension  from  the  Crown,  which  pension  at 
a  later  period  was  doubled  by  the  recommendation  of 
the  Lords  of  the  Admiralty.  Returning  to  England, 
Dr.  Blane  settled  in  London  ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate 
of  the  College  of  Physicians  3rd  December,  1781  ;  arid 
in  1783,  through  the  warm  recommendation  of  lord 
Rodney  and  the  friendly  assistance  of  his  countrymen 
Sir  Walter  Farquhar,  M.D.,  and  Dr.  Saunders,  was 
elected  physician  to  St.  Thomas's  hospital.  In  1785, 
on  the  application  of  the  duke  of  Clarence,  Dr.  Blane 
was  appointed  physician  extraordinary  to  the  prince  of 
Wales,  and  in  the  following  year  physician  to  his  royal 
highness's  household.  He  was  at  a  later  period  se- 
lected by  the  Prince  to  proceed  to  Spa,  to  attend  the 
duke  of  Cumberland,  then  dangerously  ill  at  that 
watering  place.  So  highly  to  the  satisfaction  of  the 


1781]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  327 

Prince  was  this  mission  executed,  that  he  had  next,  as 
a  mark  of  royal  favour,  the  higher  appointment  of  phy- 
sician in  ordinary.  He  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the 
Royal  Society  13th  January,  1785. 

The  Government  during  a  series  of  years  had  recourse 
to  Sir  Gilbert  Blane  on  many  important  occasions. 
When  the  Admiralty  was  under  lord  Spencer,  he  was 
appointed  one  of  the  commissioners  for  the  sick  and 
wounded.  His  arrangements  for  the  provisioning  of 
fleets  on  foreign  stations  were  of  a  very  superior  de- 
scription, particularly  in  supplying  them  with  abun- 
dance of  lemon-juice,  and  making  it  a  regular  ingredient 
of  diet ;  in  consequence  of  which  scurvy  was  soon 
banished  from  the  fleet.  He  was  consulted  on  the  sub- 
ject of  quarantine,  on  the  arrangement  of  the  huJks, 
and  of  some  of  the  prisons  on  shore,  and  also  with 
respect  to  the  transportation  of  convicts — on  all  of 
which  his  advice  was  conspicuously  beneficial.  The 
most  remarkable  occasion,  however,  on  which  his  opinion 
was  sought,  was  during  the  alarming  mortality  which 
took  place  among  the  troops  at  Walcheren.  The  report 
which  he  then  made  was  concurred  in  by  the  medical 
officers  of  the  army,  and  led  to  the  abandonment  of  the 
island.  As  an  acknowledgment  of  these  important 
services,  he  was  created  a  baronet  by  the  Prince  Regent 
26th  December,  1812.  On  the  accession  of  George  IV, 
Sir  Gilbert  Blane  was  appointed  one  of  the  physicians 
in  ordinary  to  the  king,  and  he  was  continued  in  the 
same  office  on  the  accession  of  William  IV.  Sir  Gil- 
bert Blane's  health  began  to  fail  in  1821.  He  was 
attacked  with  prurigo  senilis  in  its  most  inveterate 
form,  which  nothing  but  opium  in  large  doses  would 
alleviate.  This  palliative  he  continued  to  use  in  gra- 
dually increasing  doses  to  his  death.  In  January,  1834, 
he  was  seized  with  diarrhoea,  followed  by  anasarca  and 
ulceration  of  the  legs,  which  proved  fatal  on  the  27th 
June,  1834,  in  the  eighty-seventh  year  of  his  age.  He 
was  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Societies  of  London  and  Edin- 
burgh, and  a  member  of  the  French  Institute.  He  read 


ROLL   OF   THE  [1782 

the  Croonian  lecture  on  Muscular  Action  to  the  Eoyal 
Society  in  1788,  contributed  many  important  papers 
to  the  Transactions  of  various  societies,  scientific  and 
medical,  and  was  the  author  of— 

Observations  on  the  Diseases  incident  to  Seamen.  8vo.  Lond. 
1785. 

The  Croonian  Lecture  on  Muscular  Motion.     4to.  Lond.  1790. 

Address  on  the  Practice  of  Vaccination.     8vo.  Lond.  1811. 

Elements  of  Medical  Logiek  ;  or,  Philosophical  Principles  of  the 
Practice  of  Physic.  8vo.  Lond.  ]819. 

Select  Dissertations  on  Medical  Science.     8vo.  Lond.  1822. 

Statement  of  the  Progressive  Improvement  in  the  Health  of  the 
Royal  Navy  at  the  end  of  the  18th  and  beginning  of  the  19th 
century.  8vo.  Lond.  1830. 

Warning  to  the  Public  on  the  Cholera  of  India.  8vo.  Lond. 
1832. 

An  unfinished  portrait  of  Sir  Gilbert  Blane,  by  Sir 
Martin  Archer  Shee,  presented  by  his  family,  is  in  the 
College. 

JOHN  WHITEHEAD,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Lancashire  of 
humble  parents,  about  the  year  1740.  Early  in  life  he 
became  connected  with  the  Wesleys,  and  under  their 
auspices  preached  at  Bristol  and  elsewhere.  He  soon 
however  left  them,  and  started  as  a  linen  draper  at 
Bristol ;  but  failed  in  business,  when  he  came  to  London 
and  joined  the  society  of  Friends.  By  some  leading 
members  of  that  body  he  was  established  in  a  school  at 
Wandsworth,  where  many  of  their  children  were  edu- 
cated. Some  time  after  this  Mr.  Barclay,  wishing  his 
son  to  travel  on  the  continent,  proposed  to  Whitehead 
to  become  his  companion,  offering  him  an  annuity  of 
one  hundred  pounds  for  life,  and  paying  all  the  ex- 
penses of  the  tour.  He  accepted  the  offer,  and  in 
course  of  travel  they  reached  Leyden,  where  White- 
head,  then  thirty-nine  years  of  age,  was  on  the  16th 
September,  1779,  inscribed  on  the  physic  line.  He 
graduated  doctor  of  medicine  at  Leyden  4th  February, 
1780  (D.M.I,  de  Causa  Reciprocarum  Contractionum 
Cordis  et  Arteriarum).  He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate 


1782]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        329 

of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  March,  1782.  Dr. 
Whitehead  on  the  death  of  Dr.  Kooystra  in  1781  be- 
came physician  to  the  London  dispensary,  and  in  1784 
the  Friends  made  a  vigorous  effort  to  secure  his  elec- 
tion as  physician  to  the  London  hospital.  On  the  28th 
July  in  that  year  he  was  returned  as  elected,  but 
almost  immediately  afterwards  the  election  was  de- 
clared not  valid,  and  Dr.  John  Cooke  was  appointed  to 
the  vacant  office.  Soon  after  this  Dr.  Whitehead 
seceded  from  the  society  of  Friends,  and  united  him- 
self again  to  the  Wesley s.  Thenceforward  he  preached 
often  in  their  connection,  and  was  highly  esteemed 
therein,  both  as  physician  and  preacher,  so  much  so 
indeed,  that  he  attended  Wesley  in  his  last  illness  as 
his  physician,  and  preached  his  funeral  sermon.  Dr. 
Whitehead  died  in  London  7th  March,  1804,  aged 
sixty -four.  He  was  the  author  of — 

A  Report  of  a  New,  Easy,  and  Successful  Method  of  treating  the 
Childbed  or  Puerperal  Fever,  made  use  of  by  M.  Doulcet.  From 
the  French.  8vo.  Lond.  1783. 

Letter  on  the  difference  between  the  Medical  Society  of  Crane 
court  and  Dr.  Whitehead.  8vx>.  Lond.  1784. 

The  Life  of  the  Rev.  John  Wesley,  A.M.,  sometime  fellow  of 
Lincoln  College,  Oxford,  collected  from  his  Private  Papers  and 
printed  Works,  and  written  at  the  request  of  his  Executors.  2  vols. 
8vo.  Lond.  1793-96. 

WILLIAM  LISTER,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Hertfordshire, 
and  educated  at  Edinburgh,  where  he  took  the  degree 
of  doctor  of  medicine  12th  September,  1781  (D.M.I, 
de  Fermentatione).  He  then  settled  in  London,  and 
was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
25th  March,  1782.  Dr.  Lister  was  appointed  physician 
to  the  Small-pox  hospital  16th  April,  1789,  but  resigned 
that  office  in  February,  1791.  On  the  death  of  Dr. 
Crawford,  in  1795,  he  was  elected  physician  to  St. 
Thomas's  hospital,  which  appointment  he  retained 
until  1817.  He  died  at  his  house  in  Lincoln's-inn- 
fields,  from  disease  of  the  heart,  the  3rd  February, 
1830,  aged  seventy -three.  Dr.  Lister  was  much  es- 


330  ROLL  OF   THE  [1783 

teemed  by  his  contemporaries.  "  He  possessed  an 
acute  and  vigorous  understanding,  which  had  received 
the  culture  of  a  liberal  and  extended  education.  He 
was  a  good  classical  scholar,  and  until  within  a  short 
time  of  his  death  was  in  the  daily  habit  of  devoting 
some  intervals  of  leisure  to  the  poets  or  historians  of 
Greece  and  Rome.  He  was  a  painstaking,  judicious, 
and  successful  practitioner,  had  a  just  conception  of 
what  belonged  to  the  character  of  a  physician,  and 
always  maintained  by  example  as  well  as  by  precept 
the  dignity  and  value  of  his  profession."  His  bust  is 
in  the  entrance  hall  of  the  new  St.  Thomas's  hospital. 

JAMES  HERVEY,  M.D.,  was  born  in  London,  and  re- 
ceived his  preliminary  education,  first  at  a  school  at 
Northampton,  and  subsequently  at  home  under  a  private 
tutor.  He  was  then  sent  to  Oxford,  and  entered  at 
Queen's  college,  as  a  member  of  which  he  proceeded  A.B. 
30th  May,  1771;  A.M.  9th  June,  1774;  M.B.  15th 
January,  1777  ;  M.D.  7th  July,  1781.  Dr.  Hervey  was 
elected  physician  to  Guy's  hospital  in  1779  ;  was  ad- 
mitted a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  1st  Oc- 
tober, 1781  ;  and  a  Fellow,  30th  September,  1782.  Pos- 
sessed of  a  comfortable  independence,  Dr.  Hervey  was 
little  solicitous  for  business.  He  regularly  attended  for 
some  years  at  Tunbridge  Wells  during  the  summer,  but 
more  for  the  sake  of  his  own  health  and  recreation  than 
for  professional  employment.  His  practice  there  was 
select  rather  than  extensive  ;  but  he  acquired  the  repu- 
tation of  an  able  physician.  He  was  Gulstonian  lec- 
turer in  1783 ;  Censor  in  1783, 1787,  1789,  1795,  1802, 
1809  ;  Registrar  from  1784  to  1814;  Harveian  orator 
in  1785;  Lumleian  lecturer  from  1789  to  1811;  and 
Elect,  4th  May,  1809.  Dr.  Hervey  was  the  first  ap- 
pointed registrar  of  the  National  Vaccine  Establishment. 
He  died  at  the  commencement  of  1824. 

CHRISTOPHER  MANN  TORRE,  A.M. — Of  Trinity  col- 
lege, Cambridge,  A.B.  1779  ;  A.M.  1782.  He  was  ad- 


1783]      KOYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        331 

mitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
15th  March,  1783,  and  then  settled  at  Pontefract,  where 
he  practised  for  many  years ;  and,  dying  on  the  23rd 
October,  1824,  was  buried  in  All  Saints  church  in  that 
town,  where  there  is  a  tablet  thus  inscribed : 

To  Christopher  Mann  Torre,  Esq  , 

son  of  Nicholas  Torre,  Esq.,  and  Mary  his  wife,  of  Pontefract, 
who  departed  this  life  October  23,  1824, 

in  the  68th  year  of  his  age. 
That  he  possessed  the  best  feelings  of  the  heart, 

was  manifested  by  his  piety  to  God, 
and  his  unwearied  benevolence  to  those  who  required  his  assistance. 

That  he  was  beloved  and  esteemed, 

was  evidenced  in  the  grief  of  his  sorrowful  relations, 

in  the  unfeigned  regret  of  many  who  cherish  the  remembrance  of 

his  worth, 

and  in  the  heartfelt  tribute  of  him  whose  gratitude  and  affection 
dedicates  this  tablet  to  the  memory  of  his  virtues. 

JOHN  Fox,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine,  of  what  uni- 
versity is  not  recorded  ;  was  admitted  an  Extra- Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  29th  April,  1783.  He 
practised  at  Falmouth. 

BENJAMIN  CHANDLER,  M.D.,  was  admitted  an  Extra- 
Licentiate  of  the  College  31st  October,  1783.  He  prac- 
tised at  Canterbury  ;  and,  dying  there  on  the  10th  May, 
1786,  aged  forty-nine,  was  buried  in  the  church  of  St. 
Mary  Magdalene,  in  that  city.  In  the  south  aisle  is  a 
flagstone  thus  inscribed : 

Here  lie  the  remains  of 
Benjamin  Chandler,  Junr.,  M.D., 

a  man  of  great  erudition 
and  singularly  eminent  in  his  profession. 

He  died  on  the  10th  of  May,  1786, 
deeply  lamented  by  his  relatives  and  friends. 

He  was  the  author  of—- 
An Essay  on  the  present  Method  of  Inoculation.     8vo.  Lond. 

1767. 

An  Enquiry  into  the  various  Theories  and  Methods  of  Care  in 

Apoplexies  and  Palsies.     8vo.  Canterbury.  1785. 


332  ROLL  OF   THE  [1783 

ROBERT  FREER,  M.D. — A  native  of  Perthshire,  and 
a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Aberdeen,  of  23rd  February, 
1779  ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Phy- 
sicians 25th  June,  1783.  He  died  in  Scotland,  where 
he  had  long  practised,  about  the  year  1827. 

DEVEREUX  MYTTON,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Montgomery- 
shire, and  educated  at  Pembroke  college,  Oxford.  He 
proceeded  A.B.  2nd  December,  1773;  A.M.  5th  July, 
1776  ;  M.B.  6th  January,  1781  ;  M.D.  13th  December, 
1781  ;  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Phy- 
sicians 30th  September,  1782  ;  and  a  Fellow,  30th  Sep- 
tember, 1783.  He  practised  for  a  few  years  at  Wind- 
sor, but  at  the  age  of  fifty  withdrew  to  his  native  county 
and  took  to  farming,  in  which  he  was  very  successful. 
He  died  at  Varchoel,  Montgomeryshire,  on  the  30th 
September,  1841,  aged  eighty-seven,  and  was  buried  in 
the  parish  church  of  Garth,  in  that  county.  His  memo- 
rial is  as  follows  : — 

Sacred  to  the  Memory  of 
Devereux  Mytton,  Esq.,  M.D., 

of  Varchoel,  in  this  parish, 
third  son  of  Devereux  Mytton,  Esq., 

of  Garth,  and  Anne  his  wife, 
and  grandson  of  Richard  Mytton,  Esq., 

of  Pontyscowryd, 
and  Dorothy  his  wife,  only  child  of 

Brochwell  Wynn,  of  Garth. 

He  departed  this  life  Sept.  30th,  1841, 

in  the  87th  year  of  his  age. 

JOHN  MATTHEWS,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Herefordshire, 
and  educated  at  Merton  college,  Oxford,  as  a  member 
of  which  he  proceeded  A.B.  3rd  March,  1778  ;  A.M.  2nd 
June,  1779;  M.B.  31st  May,  1781;  M.D.  6th  July, 
1782.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  30th  September,  1782  ;  and  a  Fellow,  30th 
September,  1783.  He  delivered  the  Gulstonian  lec- 
tures in  1784.  Dr.  Matthews  was  elected  physician  to 
St.  George's  hospital  20th  April,  1781,  but  resigned  that 
office  in  1783,  when  he  relinquished  the  practice  of  his 


1783]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  333 

profession,  and  withdrew  to  his  native  county.  He 
there  became  alderman  and  one  of  the  magist rates  of 

O 

Hereford,  chairman  of  the  quarter  sessions,  and  colonel 
of  the  first  regiment  of  Herefordshire  militia.  He  died 
at  his  seat,  Belmont,  Hereford,  after  a  protracted  illness 
of  intense  suffering,  on  the  15th  January,  1826,  aged 
seventy. 

THOMAS  DENMAN,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Bakewell,  co. 
Derby,  27th  June,  1733,  and  was  educated  at  the  gram- 
mar-school of  that  town.  He  was  the  second  sou  of 
Mr.  John  Denman,  a  respectable  apothecary,  who  died 
in  1752,  when  our  future  physician  for  some  time  as- 
sisted his  elder  brother,  who  succeeded  to  the  business. 
In  his  twenty-first  year  he  came  to  London,  and  attended 
two  courses  of  lectures  on  anatomy,  and  the  practice  of 
St.  George's  hospital.  He  then  procured  the  appoint- 
ment of  surgeon's  mate  in  the  navy.  In  1757  he 
was  made  surgeon  through  the  interest  of  the  dowager 
duchess  of  Devonshire,  and,  after  a  cruise  of  seventeen 
months  off  the  coast  of  Africa,  was  appointed  to  the 
Edgar,  a  new  ship  of  sixty  guns,  commanded  by  captain 
(afterwards  admiral)  Drake,  with  whom  he  continued 
until  the  conclusion  of  peace  in  1763,  when  he  left  the 
service.  Repairing  to  London,  he  renewed  his  studies, 
and  attended  Dr.  Smellie's  lectures  on  midwifery.  He 
was  created  doctor  of  medicine  by  the  university  of 
Aberdeen  13th  July,  1764,  and  then  endeavoured  to 
establish  himself  as  a  physician  at  Winchester.  This 
attempt  proving  unsuccessful,  he  returned  to  London, 
but  his  prospects  were  so  little  flattering,  that  he  ac- 
tually made  an  attempt  to  resume  his  situation  as  sur- 
geon in  the  navy.  Fortunately  for  his  future  career  he 
was  unable  to  procure  a  warrant.  Under  these  cir- 
cumstances, the  surgeoncy  to  one  of  the  royal  yachts, 
which  he  obtained  through  the  influence  of  lord  George 
Cavendish,  and  the  friendly  recommendation  of  his  for- 
mer commander,  captain  Drake,  bringing  him  a  salary  of 
seventy  pounds  per  annum,  without  materially  affecting 


334  ROLL   OF   THE  [1783 

his  London  practice,  afforded  him  an  important  addition 
to  his  small  income.  About  this  period  he  commenced 
lecturing  on  midwifery,  in  conjunction  with  Dr.  Osborne. 
These  lectures,  which  were  continued  for  fifteen  years, 
gave  him  a  high  reputation;  and  on  the  5th  October, 
1769,  he  was  appointed  physician-accoucheur  to  the 
Middlesex  hospital.  Dr.  Denman's  progress  as  a  prac- 
titioner was  at  first,  however,  slow.  Dr.  William  Hun- 
ter then  occupied  the  first  place  as  accoucheur  at  the 
west  end  of  the  town,  and  Dr.  Ford  was  in  the  enjoy- 
ment of  an  extensive  and  lucrative  practice.  On  their 
removal  Dr.  Denman  made  rapid  progress ;  he  soon 
attained  to  the  summit  of  his  department  of  the  pro- 
fession, and  maintained  his  position  with  a  firmness  of 
which  there  have  been  but  few  examples.  In  1783  his 
private  engagements  had  become  so  numerous  that  he 
was  compelled  to  resign  his  office  at  the  Middlesex  hos- 
pital. He  was  admitted  by  the  College  of  Physicians 
a  Licentiate  in  Midwifery  22nd  December,  1783.*  In 
1791  Dr.  Denman  purchased  a  house  at  Feltham,  near 
Hounslow,  and  withdrew  from  the  more  harassing  and 
laborious  part  of  his  practice,  but  he  never  quitted  it 
entirely.  He  limited  himself  to  consultations,  and  in 
that  capacity  was  much  esteemed  and  much  resorted 
to.  He  died  at  his  house  in  Mount-street,  Grosvenor- 
square,  26th  November,  1815,  aged  eighty-two,  and 
was  buried  at  St.  James's,  Piccadilly,  where  there  is  the 
following  simple  inscription  : — 

Thomas  Denman,  M.D., 
born  June  27,  1733,  died  Novr.  26,  1815. 

Elizabeth  his  wife 
born  Jan*.  23,  1746,  died  Jany.  19,  1833. 

"To  a  well-cultivated  mind  and  sound  judgment, 
aided  by  experience  and  enriched  by  reading  the  best 
authors,  Dr.  Denman  added  the  more  pleasing  qualities 
of  mildness,  amenity  of  manners,  patience,  and  unre- 

*  "1783,  Octr.  6.  The  College  having  taken  into  consideration 
the  Practice  of  Midwifery  resolved  that  Licences  be  granted  to 
Practitioners  in  Midwifery."  Annals,  vol.  xv,  p.  35. 


1783]  ROYAL    COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  335 

mitting  attention  to  his  profession.  He  was  of  a  cheer- 
ful disposition  and  peculiar  simplicity  of  manners,  re- 
markably temperate  and  regular  in  his  habits  of  life, 
humble  and  unassuming  in  his  deportment.  To  the  poor 
he  was  ever  attentive  and  a  kind  benefactor  ;  not  only 
privately  relieving  them  and  giving  them  advice,  but 
also  an  active  promoter  of  public  charities,  In  the  pri- 
vate circles  of  domestic  life  and  the  bosom  of  his  family, 
he  was  always  amiable  and  entertaining,  and  from  his 
reading,  experience,  and  having  been  much  in  the  high- 
est circles  he  was  full  of  anecdote.  But  the  best  trait 
in  the  character  of  this  excellent  man  was  his  religious 
principle  ;  he  not  only  had  a  firm  belief  in  religion,  but 
he  adorned  it  by  his  practice,  uniformly  showing  it  by 
his  life."*  By  his  wife  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Mr. 
Alexander  Brodie,  he  left  one  son,  Thomas,  who  became 
lord  chief  justice  of  England,  and  a  peer  of  the  realm  ; 
and  two  daughters,  one  married  to  Matthew  Baillie, 
M.D.,  and  the  other  to  Sir  Richard  Croft,  M.D.  Dr. 
Denman's  portrait  by  L.  F.  Abbot  was  engraved  by 
Skelton  in  1792.  From  Dr.  Denman's  pen  we  have — 

A  Letter  on  the  Construction  and  Use  of  Vapour  Baths.  8vo. 
Lond.  1768. 

Essays  on  the  Puerperal  Fever,  and  on  Puerperal  Convulsions. 
8vo.  Lond.  1768. 

Aphorisms  on  the  Application  and  Use  of  the  Forceps  and  Yectis 
in  Preternatural  Labours,  or  Labours  attended  with  Hemorrhage  or 
Convulsions.  18mo.  Lond.  1783. 

An  Essay  on  Uterine  Hemorrhages  depending  on  Pregnancy  and 
Parturition.  8vo.  Lond.  1786. 

An  Essay  on  Preternatural  Labours.     8vo.  Lond.  1786. 

An  Essay  on  Natural  Labours.     8vo.  Lond.  1786. 

A  Collection  of  Engravings  tending  to  illustrate  the  Generation 
and  Parturition  of  Animals,  and  of  the  Human  Species.  4to.  Lond. 
1787. 

An  Introduction  to  the  Practice  of  Midwifery.     8vo.  Lond. 

Plates  of  Polypi  of  the  Uterus.     4to.  Lond.  1800. 

Observations  on  Rupture  of  the  Uterus,  on  the  Snuffles  in  Infants, 
and  on  Mania  Lactea.  8vo.  Lond.  1810. 

Observations  on  the  Cure  of  Cancers.     8vo.  Lond.   1810. 

*  Gent.  Mag.  for  1815,  vol.  Uxxv,  part  ii,  p.  567. 


336  ROLL   OF  THE  [1784 

WILLIAM  OSBORNE,  M.D. — A  native  of  London,  and 
a  doctor  of  medicine  of  St.  Andrew's  of  10th  October, 
1777;  was  admitted  by  the  College  of  Physicians  a 
Licentiate  in  Midwifery  22nd  December,  1783.  He 
was  physician  to  the  General  Lying-in  hospital  in 
Store-street,  and  for  many  years  delivered  lectures  on 
midwifery  in  conjunction  with  Dr.  Deiiman.  He  died 
at  his  residence,  Old  Park,  near  Dover,  15th  August, 
1808,  aged  seventy-two.  His  portrait  by  J.  Hardy, 
was  engraved  by  J.  Jones.  Dr.  Osborne  was  the  author 
of — 

An  Essay  on  Laborious  Parturition,  in  which  the  Division  of  the 
S jraphy sis  Pubis  is  considered.  8vo.  Lond.  1783. 

Essays  on  the  Practice  of  Midwifery.     8vo.  Lond.  1792. 

BOBERT  HALLIFAX,  M.D.,  was  born  in  1735,  and 
was  the  son  of  Robert  Hallifax  an  apothecary  at  Mans- 
field, by  his  wife  Hannah,  a  sister  of  Samuel  Jebb, 
M.D.  Of  his  education,  general  or  medical,  I  can  re- 
cover no  particulars.  He  had  been  apothecary  to  the 
king's  household  and  to  the  prince  of  Wales  ;  and  hav- 
ing, on  the  24th  January,  1783,  been  created  doctor  of 
medicine  by  the  archbishop  of  Canterbury,  was,  on  the 
5th  April,  1784,  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College 
of  Physicians.  In  the  following  year  he  was  appointed 
physician  extraordinary  to  the  prince  of  Wales,  and 
physician  to  H.RH/s  household  ;  and  in  1787,  physi- 
cian in  ordinary  to  the  Prince,  an  appointment  which 
he  retained  to  the  time  of  his  death,  which  occurred 
at  Bath,  17th  September,  1810.  His  brother  was 
bishop  of  Gloucester. 

MICHAEL  UNDERWOOD,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Surrey, 
and  educated  as  a  surgeon-apothecary,  in  which  capa- 
city he  practised  for  several  years.  Eventually,  how- 
ever, he  limited  his  practice  to  midwifery  and  the 
diseases  of  women  and  children,  and  was  admitted  by 
the  College  of  Physicians  a  Licentiate  in  Midwifery 
5th  April,  1784.  Shortly  after  this  he  obtained  a 


1784]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  337 

degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  from  one  of  the  Scotch 
universities.  Dr.  Underwood  was  physician  to  the 
British  Lying-in  hospital,  and  physician  to  the  princess 
of  Wales,  whom  he  attended  at  the  birth  of  the  prin- 
cess Charlotte.  He  died  at  Knightsbridge  March  14, 
1820,  aged  eighty-four,  being  the  last  surviving  Licen- 
tiate in  Midwifery  of  the  College.  Dr.  Underwood  was 
the  author  of — 

A  Treatise  upon  Ulcers  of  the  Legs,  Scrophulous  Sores,  and 
Mammary  Abscesses.  8vo.  Lond.  1783. 

Surgical  Tracts  on  Ulcers  of  the  Legs.     8vo.  Lond.  1788. 

A  Treatise  on  the  Diseases  of  Children,  with  General  Directions 
for  the  Management  of  Infants.  2  vols.  8vo.  Lond.  1795. 

CHARLES  COMBE,  M.D. — This  accomplished  scholar 
and  estimable  man  was  the  son  of  a  respectable  apothe- 
cary, and  was  born  in  Southampton-street,  Bloomsbury- 
square,  23rd  September,  1743.  He  was  educated  at 
Harrow  under  Dr.  Thackeray  ;  and,  having  risen  to  the 
sixth  form,  left  the  school  when  between  sixteen  and 
seventeen  years  of  age,  with  the  intention  of  proceeding 
forthwith  to  Queen's  college,  Oxford.  His  elder  bro- 
ther, who  was  then  assisting  his  father  in  the  business, 
being  in  a  bad  state  of  health,  and  soon  afterwards 
dying,  Dr.  Combe  remained  at  home ;  and,  having  gone 
through  the  usual  education  at  -the  London  hospitals, 
in  1768  succeeded  to  his  father's  business.  His  taste 
for  antiquities,  more  especially  numismatics,  was  early 
manifested,  and  introduced  him  to  the  notice  of  Dr. 
William  Hunter,  whose  esteem  and  friendship  he  soon 
succeeded  in  obtaining.  At  his  death  in  1783,  Dr. 
Hunter  left  him,  jointly  with  Dr.  George  Fordyce  and 
Dr.  David  Pitcairn,  executor  and  trustee  to  his  museum. 
Dr.  Combe's  attainments  as  a  scholar  and  antiquary 
were  by  this  time  generally  known  and  appreciated.  He 
had  been  elected  a  fellow  of  the  Society  of  Antiquaries 
in  1771  ;  and  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  in  1770  ; 
and  in  1784  the  university  of  Glasgow  conferred  on  him 
the  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine.  Dr.  Combe  then  com- 
menced practice  as  an  obstetric  physician,  and  on  the 

VOL.  II.  Z 


338  ROLL   OF   THE  [1734 

5th  of  April,  1784,  was  admitted  by  the  College  of  Phy- 
sicians a  Licentiate  in  Midwifery.  He  was  elected  phy- 
sician to  the  British  Lying-in  hospital  in  1789  ;  and,  on 
resigning  that  office  in  1810,  was,  at  a  special  general 
court  convened  for  that  purpose,  unanimously  appointed 
consulting  physician.  Dr.  Combe  died  at  his  house  in 
Vernon-place,  Bloomsbury-square,  18th  March,  1817, 
in  the  seventy-fourth  year  of  his  age,  and  was  buried  in 
Bloomsbury  cemetery,  Brunswick-square.  His  portrait 
was  painted  by  Medley,  and  engraved  by  N.  Bran- 
white.  Dr.  Combe  had  made  a  very  valuable  collection 
in  Materia  Medica,  and  this  the  College  purchased 
shortly  after  his  death.  He  contributed  various  papers 
to  the  periodical  publications  of  the  time,  but  the  works 
by  which  he  is  best  known,  and  on  which  his  reputation 
now  rests,  are  the  following  : — 

Index  Nummorum  omnium  Imperatorum  Augustorum  et  Cassa- 
rum,  a  Julio  Caesare  ad  Postumum,  qui  tarn  in  Roma  et  Coloniis, 
quam  in  Graecia,  Egypto,  et  aliis  locis  ex  ^Ere  magni  moduli  sig- 
nabantur.  4to.  Lond.  1773. 

Nummorum  veterum  Populorum  et  Urbium  qui  in  Museo  Grulielmi 
Hunter  asservantur  Descriptio,  figuris  illustrata.  4to.  Lond.  1782. 

In  1793  Dr.  Conibe  brought  out,  conjointly  with 
Mr.  Homer,  fellow  of  Emmanuel  college,  Cambridge,  a 
splendid  edition  of  Horace  in  two  volumes,  quarto,  a 
magnificent  specimen  of  typography,  enriched  with  a 
judicious  selection  of  notes,  and  the  best  index  to  the 
works  of  Horace  which  had  ever  appeared.  This  led  to 
the  publication  of  a  pamphlet  entitled — 

A  Statement  of  Facts  relative  to  the  Behaviour  of  Dr.  Parr  to 
the  late  Mr.  H.  Homer  and  Dr.  Combe.  8vo.  Lond.  1793. 

A  Catalogue  of  a  Collection  of  Prints,  formed  with  a  view  fco  elu- 
cidate and  improve  the  History  of  Engraving  from  ths  earliest 
period  of  the  Art  till  the  year  1700.  8vo.  Lond.  1803. 

JOHN  GIDEON  CAULET,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  John 
Caulet,  late  of  Oporto,  wine  merchant,  and  Elizabeth 
(Page)  his  wife.  Born  in  London  and  educated  at  St. 
Paul's  school,  he  was  admitted  a  pensioner  of  St.  John's 


1784]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        339 

college,  Cambridge,  17th  May,  1770,  aged  seventeen, 
and  as  a  member  of  that  house  proceeded  M.B.  1777  ; 
M.D.  1782.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  25th  June,  1783  ;  a  Fellow,  25th 
June,  1784  ;  was  Censor  in  1784  ;  and  Gulstonian  lec- 
turer in  1785.  He  was  elected  physician  to  St.  Bar- 
tholomew's hospital  26th  August,  1784;  and  died  of 
fever  24th  July,  1786,  in  the  thirty-sixth  year  of  his 
age. 

AD  AIR  CRAWFORD,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Antrim,  in 
Ireland,  and  took  his  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  at 
Glasgow  24th  January,  1780.  He  then  settled  in  Lon- 
don, was  appointed  physician  to  the  General  dispen- 
sary ;  and  on  the  resignation  of  Dr.  H.  R.  Reynolds, 
was  elected  physician  to  St.  Thomas's  hospital.  He 
was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
25th  June,  1784;  and  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society 
18th  May,  1786.  Dr.  Crawford  was  an  accomplished 
chemist,  and  will  long  be  remembered  as  the  author  of 
an  ingenious  theory  on  the  origin  of  animal  heat.  He 
held  the  professorship  of  chemistry  at  Woolwich,  and 
died  at  the  marquis  of  Lansdowne's  seat,  near  Lyming- 
ton,  Hants,  whither  he  had  gone  for  the  benefit  of  his 
health,  on  the  29th  July,  1795.  His  epitaph  was  writ- 
ten by  Mr.  Gilbert  Wakefield  for  a  monument  which 
lord  Lansdowne  had  purposed  erecting  to  the  memory 
of  his  friend.  The  monument  was  not  completed,  in 
consequence  of  the  death  of  the  marquis,  which  occurred 
shortly  after  he  had  given  orders  for  its  erection.  Mr. 
Wakefield's  inscription  was  as  follows  : — 

To  the  Memory  of 
ADAIK  CRAWFORD,  M.D.  F.R.S., 
•who  departed  this  life  on  the  29th  of 
July,  1795,  in  the  forty-seventh  year  of  his  age. 
In  the  practice  of  his  profession 
intelligent,  liberal,  and  humane  ; 

in  his  manner 

gentle,  diffident,  and  unassuming : 

his  unaffected  deference  to  the  wants  of 

others, 

z  2 


340  ROLL   OF   THE  [1784 

his  modest  estimation  of  himself, 
the  infant  simplicity  of  his  demeanour, 

the  pure  emanation 

of  kind  affection,  and  a  blameless  heart, 
rendered  him  universally  beloved  ! 

To  these  virtues  of  the  man, 
his  contemporaries  alone  can  testify. 

As  a  votary  of  science, 

and  Author  of  a  treatise  on  Animal  Heat, 

posterity  will  repeat  his  praise. 

The  most  noble  the  Marquis  of  Lansdowne, 
to  whose  house  the  Doctor  had  retired 
from  London,  for  a  respite  from  the 
duties  of  his  profession,  and  who 

respected  him  while  living, 
erected  this  Monument  to  his  Memory. 

Dr.  Crawford  was  the  author  of — 

Experiments  and  Observations  on  Animal  Heat,  and  the  Inflam- 
mation of  Combustible  Bodies.  8vo.  Lond.  1779. 

An  Experimental  Enquiry  into  the  Effects  of  Tonics  and  other 
Medicinal  Substances  on  the  cohesion  of  the  Animal  Fibre.  Edited 
by  Ad.  Crawford.  8vo.  Lond.  1816. 

WILLIAM  ROWLEY,  M.D.,  was  of  Irish  extraction, 
but  was  born  in  London  on  the  18th  November,  1743. 
He  was  bred  a  surgeon ;  and  in  that  capacity  was  in  the 
king's  service  from  1760  to  1765  ;  and  was  present  at 
the  siege  of  Belleisle,  and  the  taking  of  Havannah.  He 
commenced  practice  in  London  as  a  surgeon  and  ac- 
coucheur, but  after  a  few  years,  viz.,  on  the  23rd  April, 
1774,  obtained  a  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  from  the 
university  of  St.  Andrew's  ;  and  was  admitted  a  Li- 
centiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1784. 
He  had  some  time  previous  to  this  entered  himself  at 
St.  Alban's  hall,  Oxford,  with  the  view  of  qualifying 
himself  for  admission  to  the  Fellowship  of  the  College 
of  Physicians  ;  and  as  a  member  of  that  house  he  pro- 
ceeded A.B.  9th  June,  1784;  A.M.  24th  May,  1787; 
M.B.  17th  July,  1788.  Some  objections  on  account  of 
non-residence,  or  some  deviation  from  the  statutes  of 
the  university,  were  opposed  to  his  further  progress ; 


1784]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  341 

and  he  was  not  allowed  to  complete  his  doctor's  degree. 
Dr.  Rowley  was  physician  to  the  Marylebone  infirmary, 
and  consulting  physician  to  the  Queen's  Lying-in  hos- 
pital. He  died  at  his  house  in  Savile-row  1  7th  March, 
1806,  and  was  buried  with  much  pomp  in  St.  James's 
chapel.  Hampstead-road. 

Dr.  Rowley  was  a  determined  opponent  of  vaccina- 
tion, and  obtained  an  unenviable  notoriety  by  his  asso- 
ciation with  Dr.  Moseley  in  opposing  every  conceivable 
obstacle  to  the  reception  and  progress  of  that  invaluable 
discovery.  His  writings,  which  were  numerous,  are 
most  of  them  popular  in  style,  addressed  to  the  public 
rather  than  to  the  profes'sion ;  and  were  calculated  to 
promote  his  own  private  interests  rather  than  to  ad- 
vance the  science  and  art  which  it  was  his  province  to 
cultivate  and  practise.  They  have  long  fallen  into  com- 
plete and  deserved  oblivion.  Neither  his  character  nor 
career  were  of  a  kind  we  delight  to  dwell  on.  I  hasten, 
therefore,  to  the  following  list  of  his  writings  : — 

A  Treatise  on  the  Causes  and  Cure  of  Swelled  Legs,  on  Dropsies, 
and  on  the  Modes  of  retarding  the  Decay  of  the  Constitution  in  the 
Decline  of  Life.  8vo.  Lond.  1770. 

Essay  on  Ophthalmia,  or  Inflammation  of  the  Eyes  and  the  Dis- 
eases of  the  Transparent  Cornea.  8vo.  Lond.  1771. 

Essay  on  the  Cure  of  Gonorrhoea,  or  fresh  contracted  Venereal 
Disease,  without  the  use  of  internal  medicines.  8vo.  Lond.  1771. 

Practical  Essay  on  the  Disease  of  the  Breasts  of  Women.  8vo. 
Lond.  1772. 

A  Course  of  Lectures  on  the  Theory  and  Practice  of  Midwifery. 
8vo.  Lond.  1773. 

A  Letter  to  Dr.  William  Hunter,  occasioned  by  the  Death  of  the 
late  Lady  Holland.  8vo.  Lond.  1774. 

A  Second  Letter  to  Dr.  Hunter.     8vo.  Lond.  1775. 

Medical  Advice  for  the  Army  and  Navy  in  the  present  American 
Expedition.  8vo.  Lond.  1776. 

Seventy-four  Select  Cases,  with  the  Manner  of  Cure,  and  the 
proportion  of  the  Remedies.  8vo.  Lond.  1778. 

An  Essay  on  the  Malignant  Ulcerated  Sore  Throat.  8vo.  Lond. 
1778. 

The  Gout  and  Rheumatism  cured  or  alleviated.    8vo.  Lond.  1780. 

A  Treatise  on  Female,  Nervous,  Hysterical,  Hypochondriacal, 
Bilious,  Convulsive  Diseases,  Apoplexy,  and  Palsy.  8vo.  Lond. 
1789. 


342  ROLL   OF   THE  [1784 

A.  Treatise  on  Regular,  Irregular,  Atonic,  and  Flying  Gout.  8vo. 
Lond.  1792. 

Observations  on  the  Causes  of  the  great  number  of  Deaths  in 
Putrid  Scarlet  Fevers  and  Ulcerated  Sore  Throats.  8vo.  Lond. 
1793. 

Schola  Medicinse  Universalis  Nova,  historian!,  anatomiam,  phy- 
siologiam  atque  pathologiam  specialem  continens,  cum  68  tabulis 
seneis.  2  torn.  4to.  1793. 

The  New  Universal  History  and  School  of  Medicine,  translated 
into  English  from  the  original  Greek  and  Latin  edition.  4to. 
Lond.  1793. 

The  Rational  and  Improved  Practice  of  Physic,  &c.  4  yols.  8vo. 
Lond.  1793. 

The  most  Cogent  Reasons  why  Astringent  Injections,  Caustic, 
Bougies,  and  violent  Salivations  in  Venereal  Affections  should  be 
banished  for  ever  from  practice.  8vo.  Lond. 

A  Treatise  on  the  Hydrocephalus,  or  Watery  Head  of  Children. 
8vo.  Lond. 

Truth  Vindicated ;  or,  the  Specific  Differences  of  Mental  Dis- 
eases ascertained.  8vo.  Lond.  1 790. 

A  Treatise  on  the  Plague,  Putrid,  Malignant,  Infectious  Fevers 
of  Spain,  Gibraltar,  Hot  Climates,  &c.  8vo.  Lond. 

Cow-pox  Inoculation  no  Security  against  Small-pox  Infection. 
8vo.  Lond. 

JOHN  MEYER,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  a  banker  at 
Vienna,  and  was  born  at  Lindau,  on  the  lake  of  Con- 
stance, 27th  December,  1749.  He  entered  the  univer- 
sity of  Strasburg  in  1764  ;  and  after  an  extended  clas- 
sical and  medical  education,  proceeded  doctor  of  medi- 
cine in  1771  (D.M.L  de  Fistula  Ani.  4to.).  He  then 
studied  for  three  years  under  Quarin  at  Vienna ;  and 
after  visiting  Dresden,  Leipsic,  and  Berlin,  came  to  Lon- 
don and  attended  the  medical  practice  of  Guy's  hos- 
pital. He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  25th  June,  1784.  He  practised  for  some 
years  in  London,  and  died  at  Brighton,  after  a  lingering 
illness,  on  the  30th  July,  1825,  aged  seventy-five. 

THOMAS  KSOWLES,  M.D. — A  native  of  Yorkshire, 
who  was  entered  on  the  physic  line  at  Leyden  18th 
June,  1771,  being  then  thirty-five  years  of  age,  and 
graduated  doctor  of  medicine  there  in  1772  (D.M.L  de 
Vita  Sedentaria),  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  Col- 


1784]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        343 

lege  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1784.  He  died  at  his 
house  in  Lombard-street,  16th  November,  1786.  His 
widow,  a  Quaker,  was  eminent  for  her  skill  in  needle- 
work.* 

GEORGE  PEARSON,  M.D.,  was  born  in  1751,  at  Ro- 
therham  in  Yorkshire  ;  and  after  a  good  preliminary 
education  was  sent  to  Edinburgh,  between  which,  Ley- 
den  and  London,  he  pursued  his  medical  studies.  He 
took  the  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  at  Edinburgh  in 
1774  (D.M.I,  de  Putredine  Animalibus  post  Mortem 
superveniente).  Dr.  Pearson  settled  in  the  first  in- 
stance at  Doncaster,  but  subsequently  removed  to  Lon  - 
don  ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Phy- 
sicians 25th  June,  1784  ;  and  elected  physician  to  St. 
George's  hospital  23rd  February,  1787.  He  was  ad- 
mitted a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  30th  June,  1791. 
For  a  long  series  of  years  he  lectured  on  chemistry, 
materia  medica,  and  the  practice  of  physic.  As  a  lec- 
turer he  was  plain,  distinct,  comprehensive,  and  im- 
pressively energetic,  and  on  many  occasions  he  was 
argumentative,  often  witty,  and  even  eloquent  when  a 
favourite  subject  was  the  object  of  display.  His  lec- 
tures were  always  popular,  and  to  the  last  he  com- 
manded a  numerous  class.  As  a  practitioner  he  was 
judicious  and  safe  rather  than  strikingly  acute  or  origi- 
nal. He  was  a  sound  Latin  scholar,  a  disinterested 
friend,  a  good-humoured  and  jocose  companion  ;  he 
abounded  in  anecdotes,  which  in  his  lectures,  equally  as 
in  society,  he  told  with  excellent  effect.  He  was  a 
passionate  admirer  of  Shakespeare,  was  in  the  constant 
habit  of  quoting  him,  and  left  in  manuscript  some 
clever  commentaries  on  the  great  dramatic  bard.  He 
and  Kemble  knew  each  other  at  Doncaster,  and  their 
intimacy  continued  long  after.  Dr.  Pearson  continued 
in  practice  to  the  last.  He  died  at  his  house  in  Hano- 
ver-square, from  a  fall  down  stairs,  on  the  9th  Novem- 
ber, 1828,  aged  seventy-seven.  He  was  a  frequent  con- 

*  Public  Characters,  1790—1800,  p.  545. 


344  ROLL   OF   THE  [1784 

tributor  to  the  "  Philosophical  Transactions,"  and  the 
author  of  the  following  works  : — 

Observations  and  Experiments  for  Investigating  the  Chemical 
History  of  the  Tepid  Springs  of  Buxton.  2  vols.  8vo.  Lond.  1783. 

Directions  for  Impregnating  the  Buxton  Waters  with  its  own 
and  other  Gases,  and  for  composing  Artificial  Buxton  Waters.  Bvo. 
Lond.  1785. 

Translation  of  the  Table  of  Chemical  Nomenclature  proposed  by 
De  Gayton,  &c.  4to.  Lond.  1795. 

An  Inquiry  concerning  the  History  of  the  Cow-pock,  principally 
with  a  view  to  supersede  and  extinguish  the  Small-pox.  8vo.  Lond. 
1798. 

Experiments  and  Observations  on  the  Constituent  Parts  of  the 
Potatoe  Root.  4to.  Lond. 

The  Substance  of  a  Lecture  on  the  Inoculation  of  the  Cow-pock. 
8vo.  Lond.  1798. 

Arranged  Catalogue  of  the  Articles  of  Food,  Seasoning,  and  Me- 
dicine, for  the  use  of  Lectures  on  Therapeutics  and  Materia  Medica. 
8vo.  Lond.  1801. 

An  Examination  of  the  Report  of  the  Committee  of  the  House 
of  Commons  on  the  Claims  of  Remuneration  for  the  Vaccine  Pock 
Inoculation.  8vo.  Lond.  1802. 

Report  on  the  Cow-pock  Inoculation  during  the  years  1800,  1801, 
and  1802.  8vo.  Lond.  1803. 

A  Statement  of  Evidence  from  Trials  of  Yariolous  and  Vaccine 
Matter  in  Inoculation,  to  judge  whether  or  no  a  person  can  un- 
dergo the  Small-pox  after  being  affected  with  the  Cow-pock.  8vo. 
Lond.  1804. 

A  Communication  to  the  Board  of  Agriculture  on  the  use  of 
Green  Vitriol  or  Sulphate  of  Iron  as  a  Manure.  4to.  Lond.  1805. 

A  Syllabus  of  Lectures  on  the  Practice  of  Medicine.     8vo.  Lond. 

An  Address  to  the  Heads  of  Families,  by  one  of  the  Physicians 
to  the  Vaccine  Pock  Institution. 

A  Paper  containing  the  Results  of  Eleven  Years'  Practice  at  the 
Original  Vaccine  Pock  Institution.  8vo.  Lond.  1811. 

THOMAS  WATSON,  M.D. — A  native  of  London,  and  a 
doctor  of  medicine,  of  what  university  is  not  recorded, 
but  probably  of  Leyden,  as  his  name  was  entered  on 
the  physic  line  there  14th  July,  1782,  he  being  then 
thirty-six  years  of  age.  He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate 
of  the  College  of  Physicians  9th  August,  1784.  He 
practised  for  some  years  in  Chan  eery -lane,  but  then 
removed  to  Burwash  in  Sussex,  and  finally  to  Tun- 
bridge. 


1784]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        345 

WILLIAM  WOODVILLE,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Cocker- 
mouth,  co.  Cumberland,  and  educated  at  Edinburgh, 
where  he  became  a  favourite  pupil  of  Dr.  Cullen,  and 
took  the  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  12th  September, 
1775  (D.M.I,  de  Causis  Irritabilitatem  Fibrarum  Motri- 
cium  augentibus).  He  began  practice  at  Papcastle  in 
his  native  county,  but  shortly  removed  to  Denbigh, 
North  Wales,  where  he  remained  a  few  years  only.  In 
1782  Dr.  Woodville  settled  in  London,  and  was  ad- 
mitted a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  9th 
August,  1784.  He  was  elected  physician  to  the  Small- 
pox and  Inoculation  hospitals  17th  March,  1791  ;  and 
died  of  a  chronic  pulmonary  complaint  at  the  hospital, 
whither  he  had  been  removed  at  his  own  particular  re- 
quest, on  the  26th  March,  1805,  in  the  fifty-eighth 
year  of  his  age.  His  portrait  by  Abbot  is  at  the 
Small- pox  hospital.  It  was  engraved  by  Bond.  Dr. 
Woodville  was  an  accomplished  botanist,  and  his  office 
of  physician  to  the  Small-pox  hospital  afforded  him  the 
opportunity  of  cultivating  that  science.  Some  two 
acres  of  the  ground  belonging  to  the  institution,  then 
situated  at  King's  Cross,  was  appropriated  by  him  as 
a  botanical  garden,  which  he  maintained  at  his  own 
expense.  He  was  the  author  of — 

Medical  Botany :  Systematic  and  General  Descriptions,  with 
Plates  of  all  the  Medicinal  Plants,  indigenous  and  exotic,  compre- 
hended in  the  catalogues  of  the  Materia  Medica,  as  published  by  the 
Royal  College  of  Physicians  of  London  and  Edinburgh.  3  vols. 
4to.  Lond.  1790. 

Supplementary  Volume.     4to.  Lond.  1794. 

The  History  of  the  Inoculation  of  the  Small-pox  in  Great  Bri- 
tain. 8vo.  Loud.  1796. 

Reports  of  a  Series  of  Inoculations  for  the  Variolas  Vaccinaa  or 
Cow-pox.  With  Remarks  and  Observations  on  the  Disease  con- 
sidered as  a  Substitute  for  Small-pox.  8vo.  Lond.  1799. 

Observations  on  the  Cow-pox.     8vo.  Lond.   1800. 

JOHN  RELPH,  M.D.,  a  native  of  Cumberland,  was 
entered  on  the  physic  line  at  Leyden  20th  March,  1778. 
He  graduated  doctor  of  medicine  there  the  same  year 
(D.M.I,  de  Kubeola),  and  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of 


346  EOLL   OF   THE  [1784 

the  College  of  Physicians  9th  August,  1784.  He  was 
elected  physician  to  Guy's  hospital  in  1789  ;  and  died 
in  Mark-lane  24th  March,  1804.  His  portrait  by 
Medley  was  engraved  by  N.  Branwhite.  He  was  the 
author  of-- 

An  Inquiiy  into  the  Medical  Efficacy  of  the  Yellow  Peruvian 
Bark.     8vo.  Lond.  1794. 

CHARLES  BROWN,  M.D.,  was  admitted  an  Extra 
Licentiate  of  the  College  2nd  September,  1784.  He 
practised  for  some  years  at  Caermarthen,  but  ultimately 
removed  to  Berlin.  His  name  disappears  from  the 
College  List  in  1830. 

RICHARD  HUCK  SATJNDERS,  M.D.,  was  born  in  West- 
moreland in  1720  ;  and  had  the  misfortune  to  lose  his 
father  (Mr.  Huck)  when  he  was  but  a  few  months  old. 
His  education  was  directed  by  his  maternal  uncle, 
Mr.  Harrison,  who  sent  him  to  the  grammar  school  of 
Croughland  in  Cumberland.  There  he  received  the  ru- 
diments of  a  classical  education,  and  acquired  a  compe- 
tent knowledge  of  Latin.  He  was  then  apprenticed  for 
five  years  to  Mr.  Neal,  a  surgeon-apothecary,  at  Penrith, 
after  which  he  proceeded  to  London,  and  entered  him- 
self at  St.  Thomas's  hospital  as  a  pupil  of  Mr.  John 
Girle.  In  1745  he  was  appointed  surgeon  to  lord 
Semple's  regiment,  and  continued  in  the  service  until 
the  peace  of  1748.  He  then  settled  at  Penrith;  and 
on  the  13th  October,  1749,  received  the  degree  of 
doctor  of  medicine  from  Marischal  college,  Aberdeen. 
In  1750  he  was  appointed  surgeon  to  the  33rd  Regi- 
ment, then  at  Minorca,  whither  he  at  once  proceeded, 
and  remained  for  three  years.  Returning  in  1753,  the 
regiment  was  quartered  at  Edinburgh,  and  there  re- 
mained for  two  years,  when  Dr.  Huck  availed  himself 
of  the  opportunity  to  attend  the  medical  lectures  in 
that  university.  He  next  went  out  to  America  under 
the  earl  of  Loudoun,  was  by  that  nobleman  promoted 
to  the  rank  of  physician  to  the  army,  and  in  this  capa- 
city served  during  the  whole  of  the  war,  much  to  his 


1784]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        347 

own  credit,  and  greatly  to  the  benefit  of  the  troops 
under  his  care.  After  the  successful  expedition  against 
Havannah  he  returned  to  England,  but  with  his  health 
much  impaired,  and  was  in  consequence  advised  to 
spend  some  time  upon  the  continent.  He  made  the 
tour  of  Germany,  Italy,  and  France;  when,  returning 
to  England  with  his  health  much  improved,  he  settled 
in  London,  and  commenced  practice  as  a  physician.  He 
was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
1st  April,  1765  ;  was  elected  physician  to  the  Middle- 
sex hospital  in  September,  1766  ;  a.nd  physician  to  St. 
Thomas's  hospital  in  1768,  when  he  resigned  his  office 
at  the  former  institution.  In  1777  Dr.  Huck  married 
the  niece  and  heiress  of  Sir  Charles  Saundejrs.  By  this 
union  he  acquired  a  large  fortune,  both  in  land  and 
money,  and  assumed  the  name  and  arms  of  Saunders. 
He  now  resigned  his  appointment  at  St.  Thomas's  hos- 
pital, and  introduced  as  his  successor  Dr.  H.  R.  Rey- 
nolds, who  had  been  induced,  mainly  on  his  recommen- 
dation, to  leave  Guildford  and  settle  in  London.  In 
1780  Mrs.  Saunders,  after  a  protracted  illness,  died; 
and  the  doctor,  who  for  many  previous  winters  had  suf- 
fered severely  from  a  chronic  pulmonary  complaint,  now 
became  much  worse — his  spirits  drooped,  and  never 
recovered  their  former  buoyancy.  Although  his  prac- 
tice was  often  interrupted  by  illness,  he  never  relin- 
quished it  entirely.  His  reputation  with  the  public 
and  with  the  profession  continued  to  increase  ;  and  on 
the  18th  September,  1784,  he  was  admitted,  speciali 
gratid,  a  Fellow  of  the  College.  Dr.  Huck  Saunders 
died  24th  July,  1785,  esteemed  and  lamented  by  all 
who  knew  him."*  He  left  two  daughters  :  the  elder  of 
whom  became  viscountess  Melville  ;  the  younger,  coun- 
tess of  Westmoreland.f 

*  "  Neque  profecto  fas  erit  incelebratum  praeterire  Saundersium, 
limati  siraul  judicii,  benignitatis  singular-is  atque  eximiae,  qui,  eo 
ipso,  quo  in  societatem  nostram  ascriptus  erat,  anno  e  vita  excessit : 
cui  neque  incorrupta  fides,  nee  humanitas  summa,  raorara  indomitaa 
morti  afferret."  Oratio  ex  Harvsei  institute  auctore  Jac.  Hervey. 

t  Duncan's  Medical  Commentaries,  vol.  x,  p.  325. 


348  BOLL   OF   THE  [1784 

SIR  WILLIAM  WATSON,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  a  re- 
spectable tradesman  in  St.  John-street,  Smithfield,  and 
was  born  in  1 7 1 5.    He  was  educated  at  Merchant  Taylors' 
school,  and  in  1730  was  apprenticed  to  Mr.  Richardson, 
an  apothecary  in  the  city.     In   1738  he  commenced 
business  for  himself.     His  skill,  activity,  and  diligence 
in   his  profession,  soon  distinguished   him    among   his 
acquaintance,  as  did  his  taste  for  natural  history  and 
his  knowledge  of  natural  philosophy  among  the  members 
of  the  Royal  Society,  of  which  he  was  elected  a  fellow  in 
1741.     He  devoted  much  attention  to  botany  and  elec- 
tricity, and  his  writings  on  these  subjects  are  numerous, 
original,  and  valuable.      His  researches  in  electricity 
were  of  so  interesting  a  nature  that  they  gave  him  the 
undisputed  lead  in  this  branch  of  philosophy,  and  were 
the  means  not  only  of  raising  him  to  a  high  degree  of 
estimation  at  home,  but  of  extending  his  fame  through- 
out Europe.     At  that  time  it  was  no  small  achievement 
in  electricity  to  be  able  to  fire  spirits  of  wine.     He  was 
the  first  in   England  who  effected  this,  and  he  after- 
wards fired  inflammable  air,  gunpowder,  and  inflammable 
oils  by  the  same  means.     He  was  the  first  to  note  the 
different  colour  of  the  spark  as  drawn  from  different 
bodies,  and  to  prove  that  electricity  suffered  no  refrac- 
tion in  passing  through  glass  ;   that  the  power  of  elec- 
tricity was  not  affected  by  the  presence  or  absence  of 
fire,  since  the  sparks  were  equally  strong  from  a  freez- 
ing mixture  as  from  red-hot  iron  ;  that  flame  and  smoke 
were  conductors  of  electricity,  and  that  the  stroke  was 
as  the  points  of  contact  of  the  non-electrics  on  the  out- 
side of  the  glass.     This  last  investigation  led  to  the 
coating  of  phials,  in  order  to  increase  the  power  of  accu- 
mulation, and  eminently  qualified  him  to  be  the  prin- 
cipal actor  in  the  celebrated  experiments  made  on  the 
T  names  and  at  Shooter's-hill  in  1747  and  1748,  in  one 
of  which  the  electric  circuit  was  extended  to  four  miles 
in  order  to  prove  the  velocity  of  its  transmission.     He 
received  the  Copley  Medal  in  1745  for  his  "  surprising 
discoveries  in  electricity  exhibited  in   his  late  experi- 


1784]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  349 

ments."  Mr.  Watson's  house  in  Aldersgate-street  be- 
came the  resort  of  the  most  ingenious  and  illustrious 
experimental  philosophers,  that  Europe  could  boast. 
Several  of  the  nobility  attended  to  witness  his  experi- 
ments ;  there  it  was  that  amongst  a  large  concourse  of 
people  the  duke  of  Cumberland,  recently  returned  from 
Scotland,  took  the  shock  with  the  point  of  the  sword 
with  which  he  had  fought  the  battle  of  Culloden  ;  and 
on  one  occasion  George  the  Third,  when  prince  of  Wales, 
honoured  him  with  his  presence.  The  university  of 
Halle,  to  mark  its  sense  of  his  merits,  created  him  doctor 
of  medicine  by  diploma,  bearing  date  6th  September, 
1757  ;  and  the  university  of  Wittemberg,  about  the 
same  time,  conferred  on  him  a  similar  honour.  He  now 
removed  from  Aldersgate-street  to  Lincoln's-inn-fields. 
Having  been  disfranchised  from  the  Apothecaries'  com- 
pany, he  commenced  practice  as  a  physician ;  and  after 
the  usual  examinations  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of 
the  College  of  Physicians  22nd  December,  1759.  In 
October,  1762,  Dr.  Watson  was  elected  physician  to 
the  Foundling  hospital,  which  office  he  retained  during 
the  remainder  of  his  life.  As  Dr.  Watson  lived  in  in- 
timacy with  the  most  illustrious  and  learned  members 
of  the  Royal  Society,  so  he  was  himself  one  of  its  most 
active  members,  and  ever  zealous  in  promoting  the  ends 
of  that  institution.  For  many  years  he  was  a  frequent 
member  of  the  council,  and  during  the  presidentship  of 
Sir  John  Pringle  was  elected  one  of  the  vice-presidents. 
On  the  30th  September,  1784,  on  the  recommendation 
of  the  President,  he  was  elected,  and  on  the  18th  Octo- 
ber next  ensuing  actually  admitted  a  Fellow  of  our 
College.  He  was  Censor  in  1785  and  1786.  He  was 
knighted  in  1786,  but  did  not  long  survive  that  honour, 
dying  on  the  10th  May,  1787. 

Sir  William  Watson's  character  was  affectionately 
and  accurately  drawn  by  his  warm  and  constant  friend, 
Dr.  Garthshore.  "As  a  physician,"  writes  he,  "his 
humanity,  assiduity,  and  caution  were  eminently  con- 
spicuous ;  and  his  exact  observance  of  the  duties  of 


350  ROLL   OF   THE  [1785 

social  politeness  must  ever  be  remembered  with  plea- 
sure by  all  those  who  enjoyed  the  happiness  of  his  ac- 
quaintance. The  smile  of  benignity  was  always  dis- 
played on  his  countenance  ;  he  invariably  continued 
the  general,  the  ready,  and  the  obliging  friend  of  man- 
kind ;  he  was  respectful  to  the  elder  and  superior,  en- 
couraging to  the  younger,  and  pleasant  and  easy  to  all 
with  whom  he  had  any  intercourse.  The  same  affability 
and  good  humour  which  adorned  his  character  in  public 
life  was  preserved  also  in  the  bosom  of  his  family,  and 
endeared  him  to  all  those  who  were  more  immediately 
around  him."'55'  Sir  William  Watson's  portrait  by  Abbot 
is  at  the  Royal  Society.  It  was  engraved  by  Ryder. 
He  was  the  author  of — 

Experiments  and  Observations  on  Electricity.    8vo.  Lond.  1745. 

Account  of  a  Series  of  Experiments  instituted  with  a  view  of 
ascertaining  the  most  successful  Method  of  inoculating  the  Small- 
pox. 8vo.  Lond.  1768. 


THOMAS  KAKR,  M.D.,  was  admitted  an  Extra  Li- 
centiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  24th  January, 
1785.  He  practised  at  Huntingdon,  and  died  about 
the  year  1789. 

ROBERT  WILLAN,  M.D.,  the  founder  of  English  der- 
matology, was  born  on  the  12th  November,  1757,  at 
Hill,  near  Sedburgh,  in  Yorkshire,  where  his  father, 
Robert  Willan,  M.D.,  one  of  the  society  of  Friends,  and 
the  author  of  a  sensible  Essay  on  the  King's  Evil,  8vo. 
Lond.  1746,  was  in  the  enjoyment  of  a  wide  reputation 
and  an  extensive  business.  He  received  his  general 
education  at  Sedburgh ;  his  classical  education  at  the 
grammar  school  of  that  town  under  the  Rev.  Dr.  Bate- 
man,  and  his  mathematical  under  Mr.  Dawson.  In  both 
of  these  departments  he  distinguished  himself  beyond 
his  fellows,  and  by  the  time  he  left  school  was  deemed 

*  See  Pulteney's  Biographical  Sketches. 


1785]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        351 

to  excel  his  master,  confessedly  a  good  scholar,  in  a 
critical  knowledge  of  Greek.  He  commenced  his  me- 
dical studies  at  Edinburgh  in  1777,  and  graduated  doc- 
tor of  medicine  there  24th  June,  1780  (D.M.I,  de 
Jecinoris  Inflammatione).  Dr.  Willan  then  visited  Lon- 
don, and  for  one  season  attended  lectures  with  great 
assiduity.  In  1781  he  settled  at  Darlington,  where  he 
published  a  small  tract,  entitled,  "  Observations  on  the 
Sulphur  Waters  of  Croft."  But  he  soon  removed  to 
London,  and  was  appointed  physician  to  the  Public  dis- 
pensary on  its  establishment  in  the  early  part  of  1783. 
Dr.  Willan  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  21st  March,  1785. 

The  Public  dispensar}',  in  the  course  of  Dr.  Willan's 
tenure  of  office  there,  became  a  favourite  school  with 
young  physicians  for  instruction  in  the  practical  part  of 
their  profession.  His  practice  there  was  very  nume- 
rously attended,  and  many  (it  was  said  more  than  forty) 
physicians  who  subsequently  attained  to  a  foremost  place 
in  reputation  and  business  in  London  and  elsewhere, 
were  among  his  pupils.  In  1796  Dr.  Willan  commenced 
a  series  of  monthly  reports  containing  a  brief  account 
of  the  weather  and  of  the  prevalent  diseases  in  the  me- 
tropolis. These  reports  were  published  in  the  Monthly 
Magazine,  and  were  continued  to  the  year  1800,  when 
he  collected  them  into  a  small  volume,  and  published 
them  under  the  title  of  "  Reports  on  the  Diseases  of 
London."  The  work  is  pregnant  with  original  and  im- 
portant observations,  especially  on  points  of  diagnosis. 
In  December,  1803,  finding  his  increasing  engagements 
incompatible  with  the  time  and  care  he  had  always 
given  to  the  duties  of  the  dispensary,  he  resigned  his 
office  there.  The  governors  of  the  charity,  to  mark 
their  gratitude  for  his  services  and  their  esteem  for  his 
character,  named  him  consulting  physician,  made  him  a 
life  governor,  and  presented  him  with  a  handsome  piece 
of  plate. 

Dr.  Willan  was  an  accomplished  classical  scholar,  a 
good  antiquary,  and  a  sound  practical  physician.     He 


352  ROLL  OF   THE  [1785 

was  the  first  in  this  country  to  arrange  diseases  of  the 
skin  in  a  clear  and  intelligible  manner,  and  to  fix  their 
nomenclature  on  a  satisfactory  and  classical  basis.  He 
thus  facilitated  the  comprehension  of  a  difficult  depart- 
ment of  pathology,  and  invested  the  study  of  cutaneous 
disease  with  an  interest  and  popularity  which  have  gone 
on  increasing  to  the  present  time.  What  were  the  cir- 
cumstances which  directed  Dr.  Willan's  attention  in  an 
especial  manner  to  diseases  of  the  skin  is  not  known. 
As  early  as  1784  and  1785,  he  had  begun  to  attend  to 
the  elementary  forms  of  eruption.  He  saw  that  upon 
that,  or  some  such  basis,  could  a  definite  nomenclature 
alone  be  founded,  and  upon  it  at  a  later  period  he 
erected  the  system  developed  in  his  great  work.  He 
sought  out,  with  untiring  zeal,  the  original  acceptation 
of  all  the  Greek,  Roman,  and  Arabian  terms  applied  to 
eruptive  diseases,  and  he  finally  founded  his  nomen- 
clature on  this  basis.  His  arrangement  and  nomen- 
clature were  probably  decided  about  the  year  1789,  as 
in  the  following  year  his  classification  was  laid  before 
the  Medical  Society  of  London,  and  honoured  by  the 
award  of  the  Fothergillian  gold  medal  of  1790.  The 
practical  utility  of  Willan's  simple  classification  is  re- 
markably evidenced  in  the  fact,  that  notwithstanding 
the  great  advances  made  of  late  years  in  cutaneous  me- 
dicine, it  is  still  used  by  the  bulk  of  English  practi- 
tioners for  all  diagnostic  purposes,  as  at  once  the  most 
simple  and  satisfactory  mode  of  classing  diseases  of  the 
skin. 

Dr.  Willan's  opus  magnum,  the  Description  and 
Treatment  of  Cutaneous  Diseases,  4to.  Lond.,  was  issued 
in  parts.  The  first  part  appeared  in  the  beginning  of 
1798  ;  the  others  at  long  and  varying  intervals  ;  the 
last,  which  Dr.  Willan  lived  to  see  through  the  press, 
in  1808.  A  remaining  part  on  Porrigo  and  Impetigo 
was  published  separately  after  his  death  by  his  relative, 
Dr.  Ashby  Smith,  in  1814.  The  appearance  of  the  first 
part  of  this  work  established  Dr.  Willan's  reputation, 
and  the  emoluments  he  derived  from  his  practice  were 


1785]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        353 

thenceforward  ample.  .  He  was  generally  consulted  by 
persons  labouring  under  cutaneous  disease,  and  was,  as 
generally  deferred  to  by  his  medical  brethren,  as  the 
ultimate  appeal  on  these  subjects.  In  1810  Dr.Willan's 
health  began  to  give  way,  and  after  a  time  symptoms 
of  pulmonary  consumption  were  developed.  He  went 
to  Madeira,  and  died  there  on  the  12th  April,  1812, 
aged  fifty-four.  Dr.  Willan  "  was  one  of  the  most  amia- 
ble of  men,  a  sincere  friend,  a  good  husband,  and  an 
affectionate  father.  He  was,  in  truth,  a  model  of  the 
perfect  human  character,  a  benevolent  and  skilful  phy- 
sician, a  correct  and  sound  philosopher,  and  a  truly  vir- 
tuous man."* 

Dr.  Willan  was  elected  a  fellow  of  the  Society  of  An- 
tiquaries in  1791,  and  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  in 
1809.  In  addition  to  the  works  mentioned  above,  Dr. 
Willan  was  the  author  of  a  valuable  treatise  "  On  Vac- 
cine Inoculation."  4 to.  Lond.  1806;  and  in  1821  there 
appeared  in  one  volume  his  "  Miscellaneous  Works ; 
comprising  an  Inquiry  into  the  Antiquity  of  Small-pox, 
Measles,  and  Scarlet  Fever ;  Reports  on  the  Diseases 
of  London,  and  detached  papers  on  Medical  Subjects. 
Edited  by  Ashby  Smith,  M.D."  8vo.  Lond. 

DAVID  PITCAIRN,  M.D.,  was  born  the  1st  May,  1749, 
in  Fifeshire,  and  was  the  eldest  son  of  Major  Pitcairn, 
who  was  killed  at  the  battle  of  Bunker's-hill,  where  he 
commanded  a  corps  of  marines.  He  received  his  pre- 
liminary education  at  the  High  school  of  Edinburgh, 
when  he  was  removed  to  the  college  of  Glasgow,  where 
he  continued  some  years  in  attendance  on  the  general 
classes.  He  next  revisited  Edinburgh,  attended  lec- 
tures in  the  college  there,  and  in  1773  was  sent  by  his 
uncle,  Dr.  William  Pitcairn,  president  of  the  College  of 
Physicians,  to  Corpus  Christi  college,  Cambridge,  as  a 
member  of  which  house  he  proceeded  M.B.  1779  ;  M.D, 
1784.  He  settled  in  London  as  soon  as  he  had  taken 
his  bachelor's  degree ;  and  on  the  10th  February,  1780, 

*  Gent.  Mag.,  vol.  Ixxxii,  pfc.  i,  p.  595. 
VOL.    II.  2   A 


354  KOLL   OF   THE  [1785 

was  elected  physician  to  St.  Bartholomew's  hospital. 
Dr.  David  Pitcairn  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  9th  August,  1784  ;  and  a  Fellow, 
15th  August,  1785.  He  was  Censor  in  1785,  1786, 
1791,  1796,  1806;  Gulstonian  lecturer  and  Harveian 
orator  in  1786;  and  Elect,  llth  March,  1806.  "The 
success  of  Dr.  Pitcairn  in  practice  (writes  Dr.  Mac- 
michael)  was  great ;  and  though  one  or  two  other  phy- 
sicians might  possibly  derive  more  pecuniary  emolument 
than  himself,  certainly  no  one  was  so  frequently  re- 
quested by  his  brethren  to  afford  his  aid  in  cases  of  dif- 
ficulty. He  was  perfectly  candid  in  his  opinions,  and 
very  frank  in  acknowledging  the  extent  of  his  confidence 
in  the  efficacy  of  medicine.  To  a  young  friend  who  had 
very  recently  graduated,  and  who  had  accompanied  him 
from  London  to  visit  a  lady  ill  of  consumption  in  the 
country,  and  who,  on  their  return,  was  expressing  his 
surprise  at  the  apparent  inertness  of  the  prescription, 
which  had  been  left  behind  (which  was  nothing  more 
than  infusion  of  roses  with  a  little  additional  mineral 
acid),  he  made  this  reply  :  '  The  last  thing  a  physician 
learns,  in  the  course  of  his  experience,  is  to  know  when 
to  do  nothing,  but  quietly  to  wait  and  allow  nature  and 
time  to  have  fair  play  in  checking  the  progress  of  dis- 
ease and  gradually  restoring  the  strength  and  health  of 
the  patient.'  His  manner  was  simple,  gentle,  and  dig- 
nified ;  from  his  kindness  of  heart  he  was  frequently 
led  to  give  more  attention  to  his  patients  than  could 
well  be  demanded  from  a  physician ;  and  as  this  evi- 
dently sprung  from  no  interested  motive,  he  often  ac- 
quired considerable  influence  over  those  whom  he  had 
attended  during  sickness.  No  medical  man,  indeed,  of 
his  eminence  in  London,  perhaps,  ever  exercised  his 
profession  to  such  a  degree  gratuitously.  Besides,  few 
persons  ever  gained  so  extensive  an  acquaintance  with 
the  various  orders  of  society.  He  associated  much  with 
gentlemen  of  the  law,  had  a  taste  for  the  fine  arts,  and 
his  employment  as  a  physician  to  the  largest  hospital  in 
the  kingdom  made  known  to  him  a  very  great  number 


1785]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  355 

of  persons  of  every  rank  and  description  in  life.  His 
person  was  tall  and  erect ;  his  countenance  during  youth 
was  a  model  of  manly  beauty ;  and  even  in  advanced 
life  he  was  accounted  remarkably  handsome.  But  the 
prosperous  views  that  all  these  combined  advantages 
might  reasonably  open  to  him  were  not  of  long  en- 
durance. 

Ill  health  obliged  him  to  give  up  his  profession,  and 
quit  his  native  country.  He  embarked  for  Lisbon  in 
the  summer  of  1798,  where  a  stay  of  eighteen  months 
in  the  mild  climate  of  Portugal,  during  which  period 
there  was  no  recurrence  of  the  spitting  of  blood  with 
which  he  had  been  affected,  emboldened  him  to  return 
to  England,  and  for  a  few  years  more  resume  the  prac- 
tice of  his  profession.  But  his  health  continued  delicate 
and  precarious  ;  arid  in  the  spring  of  the  year  1809  he 
fell  a  victim  to  a  disease  that  had  hitherto  escaped  the 
observation  of  medical  men.  Pitcairn,  though  he  had 
acquired  great  practical  knowledge,  and  had  made  many 
original  observations  upon  the  history  and  treatment  of 
diseases,  never  published  anything  himself;  but  the 
peculiar  and  melancholy  privilege  was  reserved  for  him. 
to  enlighten  his  profession  in  the  very  act  of  dying. 

On  the  13th  of  April  he  complained  of  a  soreness  in 
his  throat ;  which,  however,  he  thought  so  lightly  of 
that  he  continued  his  professional  visits  during  that 
and  the  two  following  days.  In  the  night  of  the  1 5th 
his  throat  became  worse,  in  consequence  of  which  he 
was  copiously  bled  at  his  own  desire,  and  had  a  large 
blister  applied  over  his  throat.  On  the  evening  of  the 
16th  Dr.  Baillie  called  upon  him  accidentally,  not 
having  been  apprised  of  his  illness ;  and,  indeed,  even 
then  observed  no  symptom  that  indicated  danger.  But 
the  disease  advanced  in  the  course  of  that  night,  and  a 
number  of  leeches  were  applied  to  the  throat  early  in 
the  morning.  At  eleven  o'clock  in  the  forenoon  Dr. 
Baillie  again  saw  him.  His  countenance  was  now  sunk, 
his  pulse  feeble  and  unequal,  his  breathing  laborious, 
and  his  voice  nearly  gone.  In  this  lamentable  state  he 

2    A    2 


356  ROLL   OF   THE  [1785 

wrote  upon  a  piece  of  paper  that  he  conceived  his  wind- 
pipe to  be  the  principal  seat  of  his  complaint,  and  that 
this  was  the  croup.  The  tonsils  were  punctured,  some 
blood  obtained,  and  a  little  relief  appeared  to  have  been 
derived  from  the  operation.  Between  four  and  five 
o'clock  in  the  afternoon,  his  situation  seemed  consider- 
ably improved,  but  soon  afterwards  a  slight  drowsiness 
came  on.  At  eight,  the  patient's  breatliing  became 
suddenly  more  difficult,  and  in  a  few  minutes  he  was 
dead.  This  was  the  first  case  of  this  peculiar  affection 
of  the  throat  that  has  been  distinctly  recognised  and 
described.  It  was  an  inflammation  of  the  larynx,  or 
upper  part  of  the  windpipe,  of  so  insidious  a  nature  as 
hitherto  to  have  passed  unnoticed."*  Dying  on  the 
17th  of  April,  1809,  in  Craig's-court,  Charing-cross,  he 
was  buried  at  St.  Bartholomew's-the-less,  in  the  same 
vault  with  his  father,  Major  Pitcairn,  whose  remains 
had  been  brought  from  Bunker's-hill,  and  his  uncle, 
William  Pitcairn,  M.D.  Dr.  Pitcairnt  is  commemorated 
by  a  mural  tablet  in  the  church  of  Hadham  Magna, 
co.  Herts,  which  bears  the  following  brief  inscription  :— 

*  The  Gold-Headed  Cane.     2nd  ed.  8vo.  Lond.  1828,  p.  230. 

f  Pitcairnus  de  patria  bene  meritus  est,  qui  valetudinario  sancti 
BartholomaBi  plures  annos  singular!  laude  pra3fuit :  in  quo  pauperes 
pene  innumerabiles  cura  sublevavit,  multosque  discipulos,  praeceptis 
ex  re  natis,  ad  medicinam  faciendam  optime  institnit.  Nam  fuit  in 
illo  gravitas  et  autoritas,  quanta  magistrum  decet ;  simul  gratia  et 
probitas,  quibus  discentium  animos  mire  ad  se  allexit.  Postea,  re- 
lictis  publicis  muneribus,  cum  ad  privata  totum  se  converterat, 
inter  summi  ordinis  segros  occupatissimus  vixit,  donee  ad  versa 
valetndo,  ut  sibi  caveret,  monuisset.  Tune  sine  mora  Ulyssipponem 
se  subduxit,  ubi  otium  perinde  ac  salutem  reciperet.  Inde  ut  rediit, 
paucos  modo  curare  constituit,  neque,  ut  ante,  mediis  negotiorum 
fluctibus  si  implicari  sivit.  Medicinam  tamen  adhuc  exercebat, 
crescente  etiam  eetate  vegetior  factus,  cum  hominem  temperantem, 
summum  medicum,  tantus  improvise  morbus  oppresserit,  ut  prse- 
clusis  inflammatione  et  tumore  faucibus,  vix  diem  unum  atque 
alterum  superesset.  Lugeamus,  amici,  sortem  humanum !  lugea- 
mus  socios  amissos  !  vel  potius  eorum  sic  meminerimus,  ut  quoties 
cunque  de  clarissmis  et  beatissimis  viris  cogitemus,  nosmetipsos  ad 
virtutem  accendere,  et  ad  omnem  fortunam  paratiores  praestare 
videamur.  Oratio  Harveiana  habita  die  Octobris  xviii,  A.D.  MDCCCIX, 
a  Gulielmo  Heberden.  P.  23. 


1785]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  357 

To  the  memory  of  DAVID  PITCAIKN,  M.D.,  F.R.S.,  S.A.,  who  de- 
parted this  life  April  17th,  1809,  aged  fifty- nine  years. 

An  excellent  portrait  of  Dr.  Pitcairn,  by  Hoppner,  is 
in  the  College."""  It  was  engraved  by  Bragg. 

FKANCIS  BIOLLAY,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Brittany,  and 
at  a  fitting  age  was  entered  at  Trinity  college,  Dublin, 
where  he  took  the  degree  of  bachelor  of  arts  ;  when, 
removing  to  Oxford,  he  was  incorporated  on  that  de- 
gree as  a  member  of  Hertford  college ;  and  proceeded 
A.M.  29th  April,  1780;  M.B.  23rd  March,  1782; 
M.D.  13th  July,  1785.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate 
of  the  College  of  Physicians,  9th  August,  1784  ;  and  a 
Fellow,  loth  August,  1785  ;  was  Gulstonian  lecturer 
and  Harveian  orator  in  1787  ;  and  Croonian  lecturer  in 
1788,  1789,  1790.  In  1791  he  left  London  and  settled 
at  Margate.  Dr.  Biollay  died,  probably,  in  1797.  He 
was  the  author  of— 

A  Letter  to  Dr.  Hardy  on  the  Hints  he  has  given  concerning  the 
Origin  of  Gout  in  his  late  publication  on  the  Devonshire  Colic.  8vo. 
Lond.  1778. 

The  Doctrines  and  Practice  of  Hippocrates  in  Surgery  and  Physic. 
8vo.  Lond.  1783. 

*  The  portrait  was  bequeathed  to  the  College  by  Elizabeth,  the 
widow  of  Dr.  David  Pitcairn,  and  only  daughter  of  William  Al- 
mack,  esq.,  by  her  will,  dated  llth  August,  1837  : — "  I  give  and 
bequeath  to  the  Royal  College  of  Physicians  in  London  the  portrait 
of  my  beloved  husband,  Dr.  David  Pitcairn,  painted  by  Hoppner ; 
and  also  the  portrait  of  Dr.  William  Pitcairn,  painted  by  Sir  Joshua 
Reynolds,  and  also  the  portrait  of  Dr.  Matthew  Baillie,  painted  by 
Sir  Thomas  Lawrence.  I  give  and  bequeath  to  Sir  Ralph  An- 
struther,  bart.,  my  picture  of  his  great-grandfather,  Dr.  Archibald 
Pitcairn,  painted  by  Sir  John  Medina.  I  give  to  his  brother, 
Hamilton  Lloyd  Anstruther,  esq.,  my  little  silver  cup  with  the 
Greek  motto,  that  was  his  great-grandfather's,  Dr.  Archibald  Pit- 
cairn." In  1844  a  request  was  made  by  Sir  John  Campbell  that 
the  portraits  above-mentioned  might  be  allowed  to  remain  in  tho 
possession  of  the  relatives  and  legal  representatives  of  the  deceased, 
but  the  College  resolved  that  an  answer  should  be  returned  to  the 
effect  that — "  The  President  and  Fellows  do  not  feel  themselves 
entitled  to  alienate  from  the  College  the  portraits  of  three  of  its 
most  highly-esteemed  fellows,  which  had  been  bequeathed  in  so 
kind  a  manner  to  the  College." 


358  ROLL  OF  THE  [1785 

A  Critical  Introduction  to  the  Study  of  Fevers.  8vo.  Lond. 
1788. 

WILLIAM  MACKINEN  FEASER,  M.D.,  was  born  in  the 
island  of  Antigua,  and  received  his  medical  education 
at  Edinburgh,  where  he  graduated  doctor  of  medicine 
12th  June,  1775  (D.M.T.  de  Sanguinis  Detractione). 
He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physi- 
cians 30th  September,  1785.  In  179 9,  after  practising 
successively  at  Southampton  and  Bath,  he  removed  to 
London ;  and  a  short  time  before  his  death,  which  oc- 
curred at  Shornbrook,  near  Bedford,  on  the  22nd  Sep- 
tember, 1807,  had  been  honoured  with  the  appoint- 
ment of  physician  extraordinary  to  the  prince  of  Wales. 

WILLIAM  ROBERTSON,  M.D. — A  doctor  of  medicine 
of  St.  Andrew's  of  24th  April,  1779  ;  was  admitted  a 
Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  Septem- 
ber, 1785.  He  died  at  Bath  19th  January,  1837. 

JOHN  POTTER,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Oxfordshire,  and 
educated  at  Edinburgh,  where  he  graduated  doctor  of 
medicine  24th  June,  1784  (D.M.I,  de  Sedentarise  Vitse 
Malis).  He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College 
of  Physicians  30th  September,  1785. 

SAMUEL  FERRIS,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Wiltshire,  and 
began  the  study  of  medicine  by  an  apprenticeship  to  a 
surgeon -apothecary  in  Hertfordshire;  after  which  he 
came  to  London,  and  attended  the  lectures  of  Dr.  Wil- 
liam Hunter.  He  completed  his  studies  at  Edinburgh, 
where  'he  obtained  a  prize  medal  in  1784,  for  an  ex- 
perimental examination  of  the  properties  of  milk.  He 
took  his  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  13th  September, 
1784  (D.M.I,  de  Sanguinis  per  Corpus  Vivum  circulan- 
tis  Putredine)  ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  30th  September,  1785,  and  then 
went  to  reside  at  Missenden  in  Buckinghamshire,  but 
soon  removed  to  London,  where  he  remained  for  some 
years.  He  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society 


1786]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        359 

in  April,  1797.  In  the  beginning  of  1800  he  was  com- 
pelled by  an  increasing  asthma  to  leave  town.  Re- 
turning to  Buckinghamshire,  he  took  up  his  residence 
at  Beaconsfield,  where  he  practised  with  great  success, 
and  was  appointed  a  magistrate  of  the  county.  Dr. 
Ferris  died  at  Exmouth,  Devon,  18th  September,  1831. 
He  was  a  fellow  of  the  Society  of  Antiquaries,  and  the 
author  of — 

A  Dissertation  on  Milk,  in  which  an  attempt  is  made  to  ascertain 
its  Natural  Use,  and  explain  its  Effects  in  the  Cure  of  Various 
Diseases.  8vo.  Lond.  1785. 

A  General  View  of  the  establishment  of  Physic  as  a  Science  in 
England  by  the  incorporation  of  the  College  of  Physicians  of  Lon- 
don. 8vo.  Lond.  1795. 

WILLIAM  LANSDALE  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  14th  February,  1786. 
He  settled  in  Maryland,  and  his  name  is  continued  on 
the  College  list  until  1833. 

JOHN  ATKINSON  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate 
of  the  College  24th  February,  1786.  He  practised  at 
Leicester,  and  died  about  the  year  1788. 

SIR  WILLIAM  FORDYCE,  M.D.,  was  the  brother  of 
Dr.  John  Fordyce  before  mentioned  (Roll,  vol.  ii,  p.  212), 
was  born  at  Aberdeen  in  1724,  and  educated  at  Maris- 
chal  college.  His  medical  knowledge  was  probably 
acquired  at  Edinburgh,  as  I  see  he  was  admitted  a 
member  of  the  Medical  Society  of  that  city  22nd  De- 
cember, 1744.  He  joined  the  army  as  a  volunteer,  and 
afterwards  served  as  surgeon  on  the  coast  of  France  and 
in  the  wars  of  Germany.  Upon  the  establishment  of 
peace  he  settled  as  a  surgeon  in  London,  and  attained 
to  considerable  business.  In  1770  he  was  created  doc- 
tor of  medicine  at  Cambridge  by  royal  mandate,  and 
was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
10th  April,  1786.  He  was  knighted  by  George  the 
Third  in  1787,  and  died  at  his  house  in  Brook-street, 
Grosvenor-square,  after  a  long  and  severe  illness,  4th 


360  ROLL   OF   THE  [1736 

December,  1792,  aged  sixty-eight.     He  was  the  author 
of— 

A  Review  of  the  Venereal  Disease  and  its  Remedies.  8vo.  Lond. 
1767. 

A  new  Inquiry  into  the  Causes,  Symptoms,  and  Cure  of  Putrid 
and  Inflammatory  Fevers,  with  an  Appendix  on  the  Hectic  Fever 
and  on  the  Ulcerated  Sore  Throat.  8vo.  Lond.  1773. 

The  great  Importance  and  proper  Method  of  cultivating  and 
curing  Rhubarb  in  Britain  for  Medical  Uses.  8vo.  Lond.  1784. 

Fragmenta  Chirurgica  et  Medica.     8vo.  Lond.  1784. 

A  Letter  to  Sir  John  Sinclair  on  the  Virtues  of  Muriatic  Acid  in 
curing  Putrid  Diseases.  8vo.  Lond.  1790. 

JOHN  GRIEVE,  M.D. — A  native  of  Peebles-shire  and  a 
doctor  of  medicine  of  Glasgow  of  2nd  October,  1777  ; 
was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
10th  April,  1786.  He  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the 
Royal  Society  5th  June,  1794.  Dr.  Grieve  settled  in 
Russia  ;  and  his  name  disappears  from  the  College  List 
in  1807. 

JOSEPH  PHELAN,  M.D. — A  native  of  King's  county, 
Ireland,  and  a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Glasgow  of  25th 
July,  1785  ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College 
of  Physicians  10th  April,  1786. 

GEORGE  BUXTON,  M.D.,was  born  in  Middlesex,  14th 
December,  1730,  and  was  the  son  of  Charles  Buxton  of 
Braxtead,  co.  Essex,  by  his  wife  Hannah,  daughter  of 
George  Read  of  London,  esq.  He  was  educated  at  Edin- 
burgh, where  he  took  his  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine 
9th  July,  1756  (D.M.I,  de  Amaurosi).  He  was  ad- 
mitted a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  26th 
June,  1786.  Dr.  Buxton  was  a  fellow  of  the  Royal 
Society,  and  practised  for  some  time  at  Chelmsford, 
whence  he  removed  to  Greenwich,  where  he  died,  1st 
January,  1805,  in  his  seventy-fifth  year. 

WILLIAM  BUTTER,  M.D.,  was  born  in  the  Orkneys 
in  1726,  and  educated  at  Edinburgh,  where  he  gradu- 


1786]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        361 

ated  doctor  of  medicine  16th  September,  1761  (D.M.I. 
de  Arteriotomia).  He  was  admitted  a  fellow  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  of  Edinburgh  1st  November, 
1763  ;  and  about  that  time  settled  at  Derby,  where  he 
practised  for  several  years,  and  acquired  a  moderate 
fortune.  He  removed  to  London  in  1782  ;  was  ad- 
mitted a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  26th 
June,  1786  ;  and  died  at  his  house  in  Lower  Grosvenor- 
street,  23rd  March,  1805.  We  have  from  his  pen — 

A  method  of  Cure  for  the  Stone,  chiefly  by  Injections;  -with  De- 
scriptions and  Delineations  of  the  Instruments  contrived  for  those 
purposes.  12mo.  Edinb.  1754. 

Dissertatio  de  Frigore  quatenus  Morborum  Causa.  8vo.  Edinb. 
1757. 

A  Treatise  on  the  Kink  Cough,  with  an  Account  of  Hemlock 
and  its  Preparations.  8vo.  Lond.  1773. 

An  Account  of  Puerperal  Fevers  as  they  appear  in  Derbyshire. 
8vo.  Lond.  1775. 

A  Treatise  on  the  Infantile  Remittent  Fever.     8vo.  Lond.  1782. 

An  Improved  Method  of  Opening  the  Temporal  Artery,  and  a 
New  Proposal  for  Extracting  the  Cataract.  8vo.  Lond.  1783. 

A  Treatise  on  the  Disease  commonly  called  Angina  Pectoris. 
8vo.  Lond.  1791. 

A  Treatise  on  the  Venereal  Rose.     8vo.  Lond.  1799. 

THEODORE  FORBES  LEITH,  M.D.,  was  the  second  son 
of  John  Forbes,  esq.  (who  assumed  as  heir  to  his 
mother  the  additional  surname  of  Leith),  by  his  wife 
Jean,  eldest  daughter  of  Theodore  Morrison  of  Bogny, 
and  was  born  in  the  county  of  Aberdeen.  He  gradu- 
ated doctor  of  medicine  at  Edinburgh  1 2th  September, 
1768  (D.M.I,  de  Delirio  Febrili)  ;  and  was  admitted  a 
Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  26th  June,  1786. 
He  was  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society,  and  is  represented 
as  a  person  of  extensive  scientific  attainments.  After 
practising  for  many  years  at  Greenwich  he  retired  to 
Scotland.  He  succeeded  on  the  death  of  his  elder 
brother  in  1806,  to  the  family  estate  of  Whitehaugh, 
in  his  native  county,  where  he  died  6th  September, 
1819,  in  the  seventy -fourth  year  of  his  age,  from  lock- 
jaw, consequent  on  fracture  of  the  collar-bone.  He  had 


362  ROLL   OF   THE  [1786 

married  in  1776  Mario  d'Arboine,  a  French  lady  of 
ancient  family,  and  had  by  her  three  sons  and  three 
daughters.* 

GEORGE  SANDEMAN,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Perthshire, 
and  received  his  medical  education  at  Edinburgh,  where 
he  graduated  doctor  of  medicine  12th  September,  1769 
(D.M.I,  de  Rheo  Palmato).  He  was  admitted  a  Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  26th  June,  1786  ;  and 
died  at  his  house  in  Red  Lion-square  13th  November, 
1818,  in  the  seventy-second  year  of  his  age.  He  was 
buried  in  Bunhill-fields. 

WILLIAM  LOWDER,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Southampton, 
and  graduated  doctor  of  medicine  at  Aberdeen  6th 
March,  1775.  He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  26th  June,  1786.  Dr.  Lowder 
practised  midwifery,  arid  was  a  well-known  lecturer  on 
that  subject  in  St.  Saviour's  churchyard,  Southwark. 
He  died  at  his  house  in  Upper  East  Hayes,  24th 
October,  1801. 

THOMAS  DALE,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  an  American 
physician,  who  was  not  only  a  member  of  the  Upper 
House  of  Assembly,  but  also  a  judge  and  justice  of  the 
peace  at  Charlestown,  in  South  Carolina.  Dr.  Dale 
left  America  at  an  early  age,  and  received  his  preli- 
minary education  at  St.  Paul's  school ;  whence  he  pro- 
ceeded to  Edinburgh,  where,  after  a  residence  of  five 
years,  he  took  his  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  12th 
June,  1775  (D.M.I,  de  Erysipelate).  He  was  admitted 
a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  26th  June, 
1786,  and  for  along  series  of  years  maintained  a  highly 
respectable  position  in  the  city  of  London.  He  died 
at  his  house  in  Devonshire-square,  Bishopsgate,  21st 
February,  1816,  aged  sixty-seven,  and  was  buried  in 
Bunhill-fields.  Dr.  Dale  was  a  good  classical  scholar, 
and  was  well  acquainted  with  most  of  the  European 

*  Bnrke's  Landed  Gentry,  sub  nomine,  Forbes  of  Tolquhon. 


1786]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        363 

languages.  He  was  one  of  the  eight  persons  who  in- 
stituted the  Literary  Fund.  In  1790  he  accepted  the 
honorary  office  of  registrar  of  the  society,  the  duties  of 
which  he  performed  with  great  zeal  for  many  years. 

PHILIP  PITT  WALSH,  M.D. — A  native  of  Ireland,  and 
a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Edinburgh  of  12th  September, 
1780  (D.M.I,  de  Luis  Venereae  Stadio  confirmato) ;  was 
admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  26th 
June,  1786.  He  practised  chiefly  as  an  accoucheur,  de- 
livered lectures  on  midwifery,  and  was  physician  to  the 
British  Lying-in  hospital.  He  was  the  author  of 
"Practical  Observations  on  Puerperal  Fever,"  8vo. 
Lond.  1787  ;  and  died  at  his  house  in  Ely-place  25th 
December,  1787. 

WILLIAM  BLACKBUHNE,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Rich- 
mond in  Yorkshire,  and  was  the  son  of  the  Rev. 
Francis  Blackburne,  rector  of  that  town,  and  arch- 
deacon of  Cleveland.  He  was  educated  at  Edinburgh, 

o      * 

where  he  took  the  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  24th 
June,  1781  (D.M.I,  de  Sale).  He  practised  for  a  short 
time  at  Durham,  but  soon  removed  to  London ;  and  was 
admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  26th 
June,  1786.  He  was  elected  physician  to  the  West- 
minster hospital  in  1791,  but  resigned  that  office  in 
1794.  He  died  at  Eastcot-house,  near  Wells,  co.  So- 
merset, on  the  9th  April,  1835,  in  the  eightieth  year  of 
his  age.  He  was  buried  at  Wookey,  and  in  the  north 
aisle  of  the  church  there  is  a  mural  tablet  bearing  the 
following  inscription  : — 

Sacred  to  the  memory  of 

WILLIAM  BLACKBURNE,  M.D., 

who  was  of  an  ancient  family  of  Yorkshire, 

the  last  surviving  son  of  FRANCIS  BLACKBURNE, 

Archdeacon  of  Cleveland  and  rector  of  Richmond,  in  the  county  of 

York. 

He  was  born  in  that  town  on  the  25th  of  October,  1 755. 
After    the  successful   practice    of  his    profession   in    London  for 
many  years,  he  retired  to  this  village,  in  which  he  dedicated  his 


364  ROLL   OF   THE  [1786 

skill  and  experience  chiefly  to  the  relief  of  his  poorer  neighbours ; 
and  where  he  died  on  the  9th  of  April,  1835. 

SIR  JOHN  MACNAMARA  HAYES,  BART,  M.D. — A  na- 
tive of  Limerick,  and  a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Rheims  of 
20th  March,  1784  ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the 
College  of  Physicians  26th  June,  1786.  He  had  served 
with  distinction  as  a  surgeon  in  the  army,  but  at  the 
time  of  his  admission  by  the  College  was  one  of  the 
physicians  to  the  forces.  He  was  appointed  physician 
extraordinary  to  the  prince  of  Wales  in  1791  ;  and  was 
elected  physician  to  the  Westminster  hospital  in  1792, 
but  resigned  his  office  there  in  1794.  He  was  created 
a  baronet  in  1797  ;  and  at  the  time  of  his  death,  which 
occurred  19th  July,  1809,  from  acute  laryngitis,  was 
inspector-general  of  the  military  department  at  Wool- 
wich. Sir  John  Macnamara  Hayes  was  buried  at  St. 
James's,  Piccadilly.  A  small  mural  monument,  on  the 
north  side  of  the  church  under  the  gallery,  bears  the 
following  inscription  : — 

Sacred  to  the  Memory  of 

SIR  JOHN  MACNAMARA  HAYES,  Baronet, 

Inspector- General  of  the  Medical  Department  in  the  Ordnance. 

Sir  John  was  raised  to  the  Baronetage 

in  1797,  as  a  reward  for  his  services,  and 

died  in  1809,  aged  fifty-nine,  beloved  and  respected 

by  all  who  knew  him. 

His  portrait,  by  Medley,  was  engraved  by  N.  Bran- 
white. 

THOMAS  SAVAGE,  M.D. — A  native  of  Staffordshire, 
and  a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Rheims,  of  5th  June,  1753  ; 
was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
26th  June,  1786.  He  enjoyed  a  large  obstetric  practice, 
and  died  at  his  house  in  Conduit-street,  14th  March, 
1804,  in  the  eightieth  year  of  his  age. 

JOHN  COOPER,  M.D. — A  native  of  Kidderminster, 
and  a  doctor  of  medicine  of  St.  Andrew's,  of  21st  June, 


178G]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        365 

1779  ;  was  admitted  by  the  College  a  Licentiate  in  Mid- 
wifery 26th  June,  1786. 

EGBERT  KNOX,  M.D.,  was  a  native  of  Edinburgh, 
and  a  doctor  of  medicine  of  St.  Andrew's,  of  5th  March, 
1750.  He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  1st  April,  1765,  and  was  then  physician  to 
the  army.  Dr.  Knox  was  elected  physician  to  the 
Middlesex  hospital  10th  February,  1769.  In  1779  he 
was  ordered,  to  America,  and  obtained  leave  of  absence 
from  the  governors  of  the  hospital.  He  resigned  his 
hospital  appointment  in  October,  1782.  On  the  26th 
June,  1786,  he  was  admitted  a  Fellow  of  the  College, 
speciali  gratia  ;  and  was  Censor  in  1790.  He  died  at 
his  house  in  Mortimer-street,  Cavendish-square,  22nd 
May,  1792. 

JULIAN  GARTNER  HALL  was  admitted  an  Extra-Li- 
centiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  27th  June,  1786. 
He  practised  at  Ludlow. 

ROBERT  BLAND,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Lynn  Regis,  and 
was  the  son  of  Mr.  David  Bland,  an  attorney  in  that 
town.  He  was  educated  in  London  for  a  surgeon,  in 
which  capacity  he  practised  for  some  years.  He  was 
created  doctor  of  medicine  by  the  university  of  St. 
Andrew's  4th  December,  1778  ;  and  was  admitted  a 
Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  September, 
1786.  Dr.  Bland  practised  chiefly  as  an  accoucheur, 
and  contributed  to  Rees'  Cyclopaedia  all  the  articles 
relating  to  midwifery.  He  died  at  his  house  in  Lei- 
cester-square, 29th  June,  1816,  aged  seventy-six.  He 
was  the  author  of — 

Some  Calculations  of  the  Number  of  Accidents  or  Deaths  which 
happen  from  Parturition.  4to.  Lond.  1781. 

Observations  on  Human  and  Comparative  Parturition.  8vo. 
Lond.  1794. 

Proverbs,  chiefly  taken  from  the  Adagia  of  Erasmus,  with  ex- 
planations ;  and  illustrated  by  Examples  from  the  Spanish,  Italian, 
French,  and  English  languages.  2  vols  12mo.  Lond.  1814. 


366  ROLL  OF   THE  [1786 

WILLIAM  HAMILTON,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Strabane,  co. 
Tyrone,  in  1758,  and  educated  at  Glasgow,  where  he 
passed  through  the  curriculum  of  arts,  and  then  pro- 
ceeded to  Edinburgh,  where  he  graduated  doctor  of 
medicine  24th  June,  1779  (D.M.I,  de  Sanguine  Hu- 
mano).  He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College 
of  Physicians  30th  September,  1786  ;  was  elected  phy- 
sician to  the  London  hospital  5th  December,  1787, 
and  died  at  his  house  in  Old  Broad-street  5th  May, 
1807. 

JOHN  H AMMAN,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Kent,  and  gra- 
duated doctor  of  medicine  at  Leyden,  22nd  September, 
1785.  He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  30th  September,  1786;  was  elected  physician 
to  the  Middlesex  hospital  15th  October,  1789  ;  and  died 
23rd  July,  1793. 

f 

JOHN  SQUIRE,.  M.D.,  was  born  in  Suffolk,  and  edu- 
cated at  the  grammar  school  of  Lavenham,  of  which 
parish  his  father  was  for  many  years  rector.  He  studied 
medicine  at  the  London  hospitals  ;  was  appointed  sur- 
geon to  the  army ;  and  was  present  at  the  three  impor- 
tant sieges  of  Louisburgh,  Quebec,  and  the  Havannah. 
He  was  created  doctor  of  medicine  by  the  university  of 
Aberdeen  6th  September,  1765  ;  and,  eventually  set- 
tling in  London,  and  devoting  himself  to  the  practice  of 
midwifery,  was  elected  physician  to  the  Maternity 
Charity;  and  on  the  30th  September,  1786,  was  ad- 
mitted by  the  College  of  Physicians  a  Licentiate  in  Mid- 
wifery. He  died  very  suddenly  on  the  28th  August, 
1816,  aged  eighty-four.  At  the  instant  of  his  death 
he  was  engaged  in  the  exercise  of  his  profession,  assist- 
ing a  medical  friend  at  the  delivery  of  a  patient,  whose 
labour  was  attended  with  circumstances  of  much  diffi- 
culty and  danger,  and  whilst  so  occupied  expired  in  an 
instant  without  a  sigh  or  a  struggle.  He  was  buried  in 
a  vault  at  St.  Andrew's,  Holborn.  Dr.  Squire,  in  con- 
junction with  his  friend  Mr.  Chamberlaine,  was  the 


1787]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  367 

founder  of  the  Society  for  the  Relief  of  the  Widows  and 
Orphans  of  Medical  Men  in  London  and  its  vicinity.* 

THOMAS  GALLEY,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Lancashire. 
Educated  at  Edinburgh,  where  he  graduated  doctor  of 
medicine  24th  June,  178 5  (D.M.I,  de  Tussi  Convulsiva), 
he  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physi- 
cians 22nd  December,  1786.  Dr.  Galley  must  have 
died  within  a  few  months  of  his  admission,  as  his  name 
does  not  appear  in  the  College  list  for  1787. 

WILLIAM  BLACK,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Ireland,  and  re- 
ceived his  medical  education  at  Leyden,  where  he  pro- 
ceeded doctor  of  medicine  20th  March,  1772  (D.M.I.  de 
Diagnosi,  Prognosi,  et  Causis  Mortis  in  Febribus).  He 
was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
2nd  April,  1787,  and  died  at  Hammersmith  in  Decem- 
ber, 1829,  in  the  eightieth  year  of  his  age.  He  was 
the  author  of — 

Observations  Medical  and  Political  on  the  Small-pox,  the  Advan- 
tages and  Disadvantages  of  general  Inoculation,  and  on  the  Morta- 
lity of  Mankind  at  every  Age.  8vo.  Lond.  1781. 

An  Historical  Sketch  of  Medicine  and  Surgery  from  their  Origin 
to  the  Present  time.  8vo.  Lond.  1782. 

A  Comparative  View  of  the  Mortality  of  the  Human  Species  at 
all  Ages.  8vo.  Lond.  1788. 

Reasons  for  Preventing  the  French,  under  the  Mask  of  Liberty, 
from  Trampling  on  Europe.  8vo.  Lond.  1792. 

A  new  edition  of  General  Monk's  Observations  on  Military  and 
Political  Affairs.  8vo.  Lond.  1796. 

A  Dissertation  on  Insanity,  extracted  from  between  Two  and 
Three  Thousand  Cases  in  Bedlam.  8vo.  Lond.  1810. 

ANDREW  THYNNE,  M.D. — A  native  of  Ireland,  and 
a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Rheims  of  22nd  August,  1775  ; 
was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
2nd  April,  1787.  He  was  in  much  esteem  as  an  ac- 
coucheur, was  lecturer  on  midwifery  at  St.  Bartholo- 
mew's hospital,  and  physician  to  the  Westminster  Ly- 

*  Gent.  Mag.  for  1816,  vol.  Ixxxvi,  part  ii,  p.  285. 


3G8  ROLL   OF   THE  [1787 

ing-iii  hospital.     He  died  in  St.  George's-fields  towards 
the  end  of  1813,  aged  sixty-four. 

DAVID  BAYFORD,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Hertfordshire, 
and  educated  as  a  surgeon.  He  became  a  member  of 
the  Corporation  of  Surgeons,  and  practised  in  that  ca- 
pacity for  some  years  at  Lewes.  He  was  admitted  a 
fellow  of  the  Eoyal  Society  10th  May,  1770 ;  was 
created  doctor  of  medicine  by  the  archbishop  of  Canter- 
bury, Dr.  Cornwallis,  12th  April,  1782  ;  and,  having 
been  disfranchised  as  a  surgeon,  was  admitted  a  Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  2nd  April,  1787. 

BENJAMIN  MOSELEY,  M.D.,  was  descended  from  an 
ancient  family  in  Lancashire,  but  was  born  in  Essex. 
He  received  his  professional  education  in  London  and 
Paris.  On  its  completion  he  embarked  for  Jamaica,  and 
soon  after  his  arrival  was  appointed  surgeon-general  of 
the  island.  He  remained  there  some  years,  attained  a 
high  reputation,  and  accumulated  a  considerable  for- 
tune. .Returning  to  England,  he  obtained  the  degree 
of  doctor  of  medicine  from  the  university  of  St. 
Andrew's  12th  May,  1784.  In  the  following  year  he 
settled  in  London  as  a  physician,  and  was  admitted  a 
Licentiate  of  the  College  2nd  April,  1787.  On  the 
death  of  Dr.  Mousey,  1788,  he  was  appointed,  through 
the  influence  of  lord  Mulgrave,  physician  to  Chelsea 
hospital,  an  office  which  he  filled  with  the  highest  eclat 
for  more  than  thirty  years.  Dr.  Moseley  died  at  South- 
end  25th  September,  1819.  His  remains  were  interred 
at  Chelsea.  Though  a  shrewd  practitioner,  and  undeni- 
ably a  man  of  extensive  mental  capacity  and  very  con- 
siderable attainments,  Dr.  Moseley  was  a  violent  oppo- 
nent of  vaccination.  His  communications  on  this  sub- 
ject to  the  periodical  press  were  incessant.  They  did 
little  credit  to  his  medical  penetration  or  his  qualifica- 
tions as  a  dispassionate  searcher  after  truth,  and,  hap- 
pily for  his  reputation,  are  now  well-nigh  forgotten. 
His  published  works  are — 


1787]      EOYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        369 

Observations  on  the  Properties  and  Effects  of  Coffee.  8vo.  Lond 
1775. 

A  Treatise  on  Tropical  Diseases ;  on  Military  Operations ;  and  on 
the  Climate  of  the  West  Indies.  8vo.  Lond.  1785. 

A  Treatise  on  Sugar.     8vo.  Lond.  1799. 

A  Treatise  on  the  Lues  Bovilla,  or  Cow-pox.     8vo.    Lond.  1801. 

On  Hydrophobia,  its  Prevention  and  Cure.     8vo.  Lond.  1808. 

A  Review  of  the  Report  of  the  Royal  College  of  Physicians  of 
London  on  Vaccination.  8vo.  Lond.  1808. 

THOMAS  SKEETE,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Barbadoes. 
After  studying  for  six  years  with  Mr.  Farre,  an  eminent 
surgeon  in  the  island,  the  father  of  Dr.  John  Richard 
Farre,  a  well-known  London  physician,  to  be  subse- 
quently mentioned,  he  was  sent  to  England,  and  en- 
tered as  a  pupil  at  Guy's  hospital.  He  then  proceeded 
to  Edinburgh,  and  after  a  two  years'  course  of  study  in 
that  university  removed  to  Glasgow,  and  graduated 
doctor  of  medicine  there  on  the  8th  February,  1785. 
Dr.  Skeete  settled  in  London  ;  was  admitted  a  Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  2nd  April,  1787; 
and  was  elected  physician  to  Guy's  hospital  in  1788. 
He  died  from  disease  of  the  liver  29th  May,  1789,  aged 
thirty -two.  He  was  the  author  of — 

A  Treatise  on  Peruvian  Bark.     8vo.  Lond.  1786. 

A  Representation  of  the  Uncandid  and  Extraordinary  Conduct  of 
John  Coakley  Lettsom  at  the  Election  for  Physician  to  the  Finsbury 
Dispensary.  8vo.  Lond.  1786. 

WILLIAM  JAMES  MACNEVEN,  M.D. — An  Irishman, 
and  a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Vienna  of  2nd  June,  1785  ; 
was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
2nd  April,  1787.  He  practised  in  Dublin,  and  was  the 
author  of— 

An  Essay  on  the  Use  and  Construction  of  the  Mine  Auger,  from 
the  German  of  Mr.  G-eise.  8vo.  Lond.  1788. 

JOHN  CLARKE,  M.D.,  was  born  in  1758  at  Welling- 
borough  in  Northamptonshire,  and  was  the  son  of 
Mr.  John  Clarke,  a  surgeon  of  that  town.  He  was 
educated  at  St.  Paul's  school,  of  which  he  rose  to  be 

VOL.  II.  2   B 


370  ROLL   OF   THE  [1787 

"  captain."  His  medical  education  was  obtained  at  St. 
George's  hospital,  and  by  attendance  on  the  lectures  of 
the  two  Hunters,  Dr.  George  Fordyce,  Dr.  Osborne, 
and  Dr.  Denman,  with  the  two  latter  of  whom  he  was 
afterwards  associated  as  a  lecturer  on  midwifery.  He 
became  a  member  of  the  Corporation  of  Surgeons,  and 
then  commenced  business  in  Chancery-lane,  where  he 
soon  began  to  reap  the  fruits  of  his  exertions  both  as 
a  teacher  and  practitioner.  As  a  lecturer  on  midwifery, 
he  speedily  gained  a  deservedly  high  reputation  ;  his 
lectures  contained  a  fund  of  information  ;  the  principles 
of  the  art  were  clearly  and  succinctly  developed,  and 
his  practical  precepts  were  precise,  well  considered,  and 
in  the  highest  degree  judicious.  He  was  chiefly  soli- 
citous to  simplify  the  management  of  difficult  cases  and 
improve  the  after  treatment :  and  how  well  he  suc- 
ceeded, our  best  obstetrical  writers  bear  ample  testi- 
mony. He  was  a  good  classical  scholar,  a  man  of  in- 
domitable industry  and  perseverance,  and  possessed  of 
all  the  other  elements  for  success  as  a  practitioner.  To 
great  acuteness  of  perception  was  added  a  promptitude 
in  action  and  a  fertility  of  resources  vvhich  obtained  for 
him  the  confidence  of  patients  and  the  admiration  of 
the  profession.  His  progress  was  rapid,  and  for  many 
years  he  was  confessedly  at  the  head  of  bis  particular 
department  of  practice.  He  was  admitted  by  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  a  Licentiate  in  Midwifery  on  the  2nd 
April,  1787,  and  shortly  afterwards  removed  from  Chan- 
cery-lane to  the  West-end.  About  the  year  1791  he 
obtained  a  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  from  one  of 
the  Scotch  universities.  Dr.  Clarke  eventually  with- 
drew from  the  practice  of  midwifery,  resigning  that 
portion  of  his  business  to  his  brother  Mr.,  subsequently 
Sir  Charles  Mansfield  Clarke,  bart.,  M.D.,  and  thence- 
forward limited  his  attention  to  the  diseases  of  women 
and  children.  For  some  time  before  his  death,  which 
occurred  in  August,  1815,  from  organic  disease  of  the 
stomach  and  ascites,  Dr.  Clarke  had  withdrawn  in  great 
measure  from  practice,  and  resided  during  half  the  year 


17S7J      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        371 

in  the  country.  He  was  physician  to  the  Lying-in  hos- 
pital in  Store-street,  and  to  the  Asylum  for  Female 
Orphans,  and  was  for  some  years  lecturer  on  midwifery 
at  St.  Bartholomew's  hospital.  He  sent  two  papers  to 
the  Royal  Society,  and  was  the  author  of — 

An  Essay  on  the  Epidemic  Disease  of  Lying-in  "Women  in  1787-8. 
4to.  Lend.  1788. 

Practical  Essays  on  Pregnancy  and  Labour  and  the  Diseases  of 
Lying-in  Women.  8vo.  Lond.  1793. 

Commentaries  on  some  of  the  most  important  Diseases  of  Children. 
8vo.  Lond.  1815. 

"  The  London  Practice  of  Midwifery"  was  an  attempt 
by  an  anonymous  compiler  to  give  the  substance  of  Dr. 
Clarke's  lectures,  one  of  the  excellencies  of  which  (as  I 
was  informed  by  the  late  Sir  Charles  Clarke)  consisted 
in  a  successful  attempt  to  illustrate  his  subject  by  fami- 
liar analogies.  Dr.  Clarke's  bust,  by  Chantry,  is  at- 
Lockleys,  Welwyn,  co.  Herts,  the  seat  of  George 
Edward  Dering,  esq. 

JAMES  ROBERTSON  BARCLAY,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Fife- 
shire,  and  educated  at  Balliol  college,  Oxford,  where  he 
took  the  two  degrees  in  arts,  A.B.  19th  April,  1776  ; 
A.M.  10th  October,  1778;  and  in  April,  1780,  was 
elected  one  of  the  RadclifFe  travelling  fellows.  As  a 
member  of  University  college  he  proceeded  M.B.  10th 
October,  1783  ;  M.D,  20th  October,  1783  ;  was  admit- 
ted a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  10th  April; 
1786  ;  and  a  Fellow,  25th  June,  1787.  He  was  Censor 
in  1787,  1792,  1800;  Gulstonian  lecturer,  1788;  Har- 
veian  orator,  1789  ;  Croonian  lecturer,  1791 ;  and  was 
named  an  Elect  29th  December,  1800.  He  was  elected 
physician  to  St.  George's  hospital  27th  May,  1785,  and 
continued  in  that  office  until  1800.  He  was  admitted 
a  feUow  of  the  Royal  Society  18th  November,  1790  ; 
was  appointed  physician  extraordinary  to  the  princess 
of  Wales  in  1799 ;  and  died,  I  believe,  in  1827.  He 
changed  his  name  from  Robertson  to  Barclay  in  Octo- 
ber, 1799. 

2  B  2 


372  ROLL  OF   THE  [1787 

MARTIN  WALL,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Worcester,  and 
was  the  son  of  John  Wall,  M.D.,  a  distinguished  phy- 
sician of  that  city.  He  was  educated  at  Winchester, 
whence  he  was  elected  to  New  college,  Oxford ;  and  as 
a  member  of  that  house  proceeded  A.B.  17th  June, 
1767;  A.M.  2nd  July,  1771;  M.B.  9th  June,  1773; 
M.D.  9th  April,  1777.  He  studied  medicine  also  at 
Edinburgh  and  at  St.  Bartholomew's  hospital.  In  1774 
Dr.  Wall  commenced  practice  as  a  physician  at  Oxford  ; 
and  on  the  2nd  November,  1775,  was  elected  physician 
to  the  Radcliffe  infirmary.  In  1781  he  was  appointed 
reader  in  chemistry ;  and  on  the  death  of  Dr.  Parsons, 
in  1785,  was,  after  a  sharp  contest,  elected  lord  Lich- 
field's  professor  of  clinical  medicine.  He  was  admitted 
a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  5th  June,  1788.  Dr.  Wall 
was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians 
26th  June,  1786  ;  a  Fellow,  25th  June,  1787.  He  de- 
livered the  Harveian  oration  in  1788.  Dr.  Wall  died 
21st  June,  1824,  in  his  seventy-eighth  year.  He  con- 
tributed some  curious  papers  to  the  "  Transactions  of 
the  Manchester  Literary  Society,"  and  published  the 
following  works  : — 

The  Medical  Tracts  of  John  Wall,  M.D.,  collected,  with  the 
Author's  Life.  8vo.  Oxford.  1780. 

Dissertations  on  Select  Subjects  in  Chemistry  and  Medicine. 
8vo.  Oxford.  1783. 

Clinical  Observations  on  the  Use  of  Opium  in  Slow  Fevers.  8vo. 
Oxford.  1786. 

Malvern  Waters  :  being  a  republication  of  Cases  formerly  collected 
by  John  Wall,  M.D.,  and  since  illustrated  by  his  Son.  8vo.  1806. 

JOHN  LITTLEHALES,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Shropshire, 
and  educated  at  Pembroke  college,  Oxford,  as  a  mem- 
ber of  which  he  took  the  two  degrees  in  arts,  A.B.  15th 
June,  1775;  A.M.  30th  April,  1778;  when,  coming 
before  the  College  of  Physicians,  he  was,  on  the  25th 
June,  1778,  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate.  He  then 
settled  at  Winchester ;  and,  accumulating  his  degrees 
in  physic,  proceeded  M.D.  at  Oxford  9th  July,  1782. 
He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physi- 


1787]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        373 

cians  26th  June,  1786  ;  and  a  Fellow,  25th  June,  1787. 
He  was  physician  to  the  Winchester  hospital ;  and  died 
2nd  January,  ]810,  aged  fifty-seven  years.  A  monu- 
ment to  his  memory  in  Winchester  cathedral  bears  the 
folio  whig  inscription  : — 

Near  to  this  place  are  deposited  the  remains  of 

JOHN  LITTLEHALES,  M.D., 
Fellow  of  the  Royal  College  of  Physicians, 
and  formerly  of  Pembroke  College,  Oxford. 

His  eminent  professional  talents, 
by  the  blessing  of  Divine  Providence, 

were  successfully  exerted  with  a  generosity  so  distinguished, 
and  beneficence  to  the  poor  so  diffusive  and  unwearied, 

amidst  a  very  extended  practice, 

that  his  decease  was  an  event  most  deeply  regretted  and  lamented. 
The  principal  inhabitants  of  Winchester  and  its  neighbourhood, 

have  erected  this  monument, 

as  a  public  record  of  their  affectionate  gratitude 

to  the  memory  of  their  friend  and  benefactor : 

but  from  the  Saviour  of  the  world, 
whose  faith  he  adorned  by  a  life  devoted  to  Christian  benevolence, 

he  will  receive  his  final  reward. 
He  departed  this  life  the  2nd  of  January,  1810,  aged  57  years. 

GEORGE  FORDYCE,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Aberdeen  18th 
November,  1736.  He  was  the  posthumous  and  only 
child  of  Mr.  George  Fordyce,  the  possessor  of  a  small 
landed  estate  called  JBroadfbrd,  in  the  neighbourhood  of 
that  city.  He  received  his  school  education  at  Fouran, 
and  was  transferred  thence  to  the  university  of  Aber- 
deen, where  he  was  created  master  of  arts  when  only 
fourteen  years  of  age.  Having  evinced  a  partiality  for 
the  medical  profession,  he  was  sent,  when  fifteen  years 
of  age,  to  his  uncle  Dr.  John  Fordyce,  who  was  then 
practising  at  Uppingham,  in  Rutlandshire.  He  re- 
mained with  him  for  some  years,  and  then  proceeded 
to  Edinburgh,  where  he  was  one  of  the  earliest  and 
most  favoured  pupils  of  Dr.  Cullen.  He  graduated  doc- 
tor of  medicine  there  the  13th  October,  1758  (D.M.I, 
de  Catarrho).  Dr.  Fordyce  then  came  to  London  to 
continue  his  studies  in  anatomy  under  Dr.  William 
Hunter,  and  in  botany  at  the  Chelsea  gardens.  In  the 


374  ROLL   OF   THE  [1787 

autumD  (of  1759)  he  went  over  to  Leyden  for  the  ex- 
press purpose  of  studying  anatomy  under  Albinus,  and 
pathology  under  Gaubius.     Returning  to  London,  he  at 
once  commenced  a  course  of  lectures  on  chemistry.    This 
was  attended   by  nine  pupils.     In  1764  Dr.  Fordyce 
began  to  lecture  also  on  materia  medica  and  the  prac- 
tice of  physic.     These  three  subjects  he  continued  to 
teach   with   rapidly-increasing    reputation   for    nearly 
thirty  years,  giving  for  the  most  part  three  courses  of 
lectures  on  each  subject  in  every  year.     A  course  lasted 
nearly  four  months,  and  during  it  a  lecture  was  delivered 
six  times  in  the  week.    His  time  of  teaching  commenced 
about  seven  o'clock  in  the  morning  and  ended  at  ten 
o'clock,  his  lectures  on  the  three  subjects  being  given 
one  immediately  after  the  other.     He  was  admitted  a 
Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1765  ; 
and  in  1770  was  chosen  physician  to  St.  Thomas's  hos- 
pital, after  a  very  sharp  contest  with  Dr.,  subsequently 
Sir  William  Watson,  the  number  of  votes  in  his  favour 
being  109,  in  that  of  his  opponent  106.     In  1774  Dr. 
Fordyce  became  a  member  of  the  Literary  Club ;  and 
in  1776  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society.     He  was  ad- 
mitted a  Fellow  of  the  College  of  Physicians,  speciali 
gratia,  25th  June,  1787,  and  rendered  most  important 
aid  in  the  preparation  of  the  Pharmacopoeia  Londinensis 
of  1788,  for  which  his  knowledge  of  chemistry  and  ma- 
teria medica  peculiarly  fitted  him.     He  was  Censor  in 
1787,  1792,  1800;  Gulstonian  Lecturer  in  1789;  and 
Harveian  orator  in  1791.    Dr.  Fordyce  was  always  fond 
of  society,  and  in  the  earlier  years  of  his  life  to  render 
the  enjoyment  of  its  pleasures  compatible  with  his  pro- 
fessional pursuits,  he  used  to  sleep  but  little.     He  was 
often  known  to  lecture  for  three  consecutive  hours  in 
the  morning  without  having  undressed  himself  the  pre- 
ceding night.     He  had  satisfied  himself  that  man  eats 
far  oftener  than  nature  requires,  and  for  many  years 
he  took  but  one  meal  in  the  twenty-four  hours.     He 
dined  every  day  for  more  than  twenty  years  at  Dolly's 
chophouse,    in  Paternoster-row.     At  four  o'clock  the 


1787]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        375 

doctor  regularly  took  his  seat  at  a  table  always  reserved 
for  him,  on  which  were  placed  a  silver  tankard  of  strong 
ale,  a  bottle  of  port  wine,  and  a  measure  containing  a 
quarter  of  a  pint  of  brandy.  The  moment  the  waiter 
announced  him,  the  cook  put  a  pound  and  a  half  of 
rump  steak  on  the  gridiron,  and  on  the  table  some  deli- 
cate trifle  as  a  bonne  bouche,  to  serve  until  the  steak 
was  ready.  This  was  sometimes  half  a  boiled  chicken, 
sometimes  a  plate  of  fish  ;  when  he  had  eaten  this  he 
took  one  glass  of  brandy  and  then  proceeded  to  devour 
his  steak.  When  he  had  finished  his  meal  he  took  the 
remainder  of  his  brandy,  having  during  dinner  drank 
the  tankard  of  ale  and  afterwards  the  bottle  of  port  ! 
He  thus  spent  an  hour  and  a  half  of  his  time,  and  then 
returned  to  his  house  in  Essex-street.  He  made  no 
other  meal  until  his  return  next  day  at  four  o'clock  to 
Dolly's.*  The  vigour  of  his  constitution  enabled  him 
to  sustain  for  a  time  without  apparent  injury  this  mode 
of  life.  But  at  length  he  was  attacked  with  gout,  which 
afterwards  became  irregular,  and  for  many  years  fre- 
quently affected  him  with  excruciating  pains  in  the 
stomach  and  bowels.  He  died  at  his  house  in  Essex- 
street,  Strand,  25th  May,  1802,  and  was  buried  at  St. 
Anne's  Soho.  His  memory  was  singularly  capacious 
and  retentive.  He  had  read  extensively,  and,  accord- 
ing to  his  friend  and  colleague,  Dr.  Wells,  was  probably 
more  generally  skilled  in  those  sciences  directly  or  re- 
motely connected  with  medicine  than  any  person  of  his 
time.  His  manners  were  less  refined,  and  his  dress  in 
general  less  studied  than  is  expected  in  this  country  in 
the  physician.  From  these  causes  and  from  his  spending 
no  more  time  with  his  patients  than  was  barely  suffi- 
cient for  forming  a  just  opinion  of  their  ailments,  he 
had  for  many  years  but  little  private  employment  in 
his  profession,  and  never,  even  in  the  latter  part  of  his 
life  when  his  reputation  was  at  its  height,  enjoyed 
nearly  so  much  as  many  of  his  contemporaries.  A  good 
memoir  of  this  distinguished  physician,  from  the  pen  of 
Chirurgicee.  8vo.  Lond.  1827,  p.  8. 


376  ROLL  OF   THE  [1787 

his  friend  and  colleague  Dr.  Wells,  is  to  be  seen  in  the 
"  Gentleman's  Magazine"  for  June,  1802.  Dr.  Fordyce's 
portrait,  by  Phillips,  is  at  St.  Thomas's  hospital,  and 
was  engraved  by  Keating.  He  contributed  several  im- 
portant papers  to  the  "  Philosophical  Transactions,"  and 
was  the  author  of  the  following  works  :— 

Elements  of  Agriculture  and  Vegetation.     8vo.  Edinb.  1765. 

Elements  of  the  Practice  of  Physic.     8vo.  Lond.  1770. 

A  Treatise  on  the  Digestion  of  Food.     8vo.  Lond.  ]  791. 

Dissertations  on  Fever.  8vo.  Lond.  No.  1,1794;  No.  2,  1795  ; 
No.  3,  in  two  parts,  1798, 1799  ;  No.  4,  1802.  The  fifth  was  left  by 
the  author  in  MS.  and  was  published  by  Dr.  Wells  in  1803. 

JOSEPH  HART  MYERS,  M.D.,  was  born  of  Jewish 
parents  at  New  York,  where  he  received  his  preliminary 
education.  At  a  comparatively  early  age  he  was  sent 
to  this  country,  when  he  commenced  the  study  of  his 
future  profession  by  attendance  on  the  lectures  of  Dr. 
William  Hunter  and  Dr.  George  Fordyce.  From  Lon- 
don he  repaired  to  Edinburgh,  and  there,  after  a  resi- 
dence of  four  years,  took  the  degree  of  doctor  of  medi- 
cine 24th  June,  1779  (D.M.I,  de  Diabete).  Dr.  Myers 
then  visited  Leyden,  Paris,  Berlin,  and  Vienna,  making 
a  considerable  stay  in  each  ;  when  he  returned  to  Eng- 
land and  settled  in  London.  He  was  admitted  a  Licen- 
tiate of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1787;  and 
was  soon  afterwards  appointed  physician  to  the  Portu- 
guese hospital  and  to  the  General  dispensary.  He  died 
at  his  house  in  John -street,  America-square,  1st  June, 
1823,  aged  sixty-five,  from  gout,  a  disease  from  which 
he  had  long  suffered,  and  which  for  some  years  had  in- 
capacitated him  from  the  practice  of  his  profession. 

LAURENCE  NIHELL,  M.D. — A  native  of  Antigua,  and 
a  doctor  of  medicine  of  Edinburgh  of  12th  September, 
1780  (D.M.I,  de  Cerebro)  ;  was  admitted  a  Licentiate 
of  the  College  of  Physicians  25th  June,  1787. 

EDWARD  LONG  Fox,  M.D.,  was  the  second  son  of 
Joseph  Fox,  a  surgeon  of  Falmouth,  by  his  wife  Eliza- 
beth, a  daughter  of  Bichard  Kingston,  of  Penryn,  and 


1787]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        377 

was  born  in  1761.  He  was  a  doctor  of  medicine  of 
Edinburgh  of  24th  June,  1784  (D.M.I,  de  Voce  Hu- 
mana) ;  and  was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  26th  June,  1787.  He  practised  at 
Bristol ;  and  after  a  very  prosperous  career  there  as  a 
general  physician,  devoted  himself  to  the  treatment  of 
insanity.  In  1804  he  opened  Brislington  house  near 
Bristol,  as  an  asylum  for  the  reception  and  cure  of  in- 
sane persons.  He  died  at  this  his  residence  in  June, 
1835,  aged  seventy -four. 

WILLIAM  AUSTIN,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Gloucestershire, 
and  educated  at  Wadham  college,  Oxford,  as  a  member 
of  which  he  proceeded  A.B.  9th  November,  1776  ;  A.M. 
8th  July,  1780  ;  M.B.  12th  February,  1782  ;  M.D.  4th 
February,  1783.  He  was  elected  physician  to  the  Rad- 
cliffe  infirmary  9th  April,  1783,  and  with  unexampled 
rapidity  attained  to  extensive  practice  in  Oxfordshire. 
Ambitious  of  a  wider  sphere  for  his  exertions,  he  in 
1786  resigned  his  office  at  the  infirmary  and  removed 
to  London,  where  a  similar  but  more  briUiant  success 
attended  him  than  in  his  former  situation,  his  profes- 
sional receipts  soon  exceeding  four  thousand  pounds  a 
year.  He  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  30th  September,  1786;  a  Fellow,  1st  Oc- 
tober, 1787  ;  was  Censor  in  1788  ;  and  Gulstonian  lec- 
turer in  1790.  Dr.  Austin  was  elected  physician  to  Sfc. 
Bartholomew's  hospital  10th  August,  1786  ;  but  was 
suddenly  cut  off  by  fever  on  the  21st  January,  1793.""" 
His  only  published  work  was — 

A  Treatise  on  the  Stone,  its  Origin  and  Component  Parts.  8vo. 
Lond.  1791. 

*  Non  possum  quin  nni,  vobis  fere  omnibus  familiari,  cujus  et 
ego  consuetndine  usus  sum,  Austino,  memoris  animi  testimonium 
afferam.  Conspiciebatis  eum  ingenio  acutum,  moribus  suavem, 
studio  indefessum ;  conspiciebatis,  iter  quod  ad  famam  ducit  arduum, 
non,  ut  plerosque,  aegre  scandentem,  sed  quasi  cursu  conficieritem ; 
conspiciebatis  denique  de  tanta  spe,  subito,  morte  nimis  acerba, 
dejectum. — Oratio  Harveiana  anno  M.DCCXCYII.  habita,  auctore  Rob. 
Bourne. 


378  ROLL   OF   THE  [1787 

SIR  PAUL  JODRELL,  M.D.,  was  the  son  of  Paul  Jod- 
rell,  esq.,  solicitor- general  to  Frederick  prince  of  Wales, 
by  his  wife  Elizabeth,  a  daughter  of  Richard  Warner, 
esq.,  of  North  Elmham,  co.  Norfolk.  He  was  born  in 
Middlesex,  and  educated  at  St.  John's  college,  Cam- 
bridge, of  which  house  he  was  a  fellow.  He  proceeded 
A.B.  1769;  A.M.  1772;  M.D.  1786;  was  admitted  a 
Candidate  of  the  College  of  Physicians  30th  Septem- 
ber, 1786  ;  and  a  Fellow,  1st  October,  1787.  He  was 
elected  physician  to  the  London  hospital  6th  Decem- 
ber, 1786,  but  resigned  that  office  in  November,  1787, 
when  he  went  out  to  India  in  the  capacity  of  physician 
to  the  nabob  of  Arcot.  That  potentate  had  applied  to 
George  the  Third  to  send  him  a  physician.  Sir  George 
Baker,  then  president  of  the  College,  being  consulted, 
recommended  Dr.  Jodrell,  who  was  thereupon  appointed. 
He  received  the  honour  of  knighthood,  proceeded  forth- 
with to  India,  and  died  6th  August,  1803,  at  his  house 
on  Choaltry-plain,  Madras. 

JOHN  ASH,  M.D.,  was  born  in  Warwickshire  in  1723, 
and  educated  at  Trinity  college,  Oxford,  as  a  member 
of  which  he  proceeded  A.B.  21st  October,  1743  ;  A.M. 
17th  October,  1746;  M.B.  1st  December,  1750;  M.D. 
3rd  July,  1754.  He  settled  at  Birmingham,  where  he 
soon  got  into  extensive  business,  and  was  for  many 
years  the  oracle  of  the  profession  throughout  a  widely- 
extended  district  around  that  town.  He  was  the 
founder  and  first  physician  of  the  General  hospital 
there.  When  at  the  height  of  his  reputation,  and 
in  the  fullest  business  at  Birmingham,  Dr.  Ash's  health 
gave  way.  He.  became  deranged  in  mind,  and  lived 
miserably  under  a  delusion  that  he  had  been  reduced  to 
beggary.  After  a  separation  from  his  family  of  some 
months,  he  was  advised  to  resume  the  study  of  Euclid, 
to  which  he  had  occasionally  dropped  hints  of  his  par- 
tiality. He  did  resume  it,  with  great  satisfaction  to 
himself  and  with  the  happiest  effect,  and  recovered  at* 
length  so  entirely  as  to  be  able  to  recommence  business 


1787]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        379 

in  London,  and  to  continue  to  practise  physic  until  his 
death.  Dr.  Ash  was  admitted  a  Candidate  of  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  22nd  December,  1786;  in  the  fol- 
lowing year  resigned  his  office  at  the  Birmingham  hos- 
pital ;  and  then,  removing  to  London,  was  admitted  a 
Fellow  of  the  College  22nd  December,  1787.  He  was 
Censor  in  1789,  1793;  Harveian  orator,  1790;  Guls- 
tonian  lecturer,  1791  ;  and  Croonian  lecturer,  1793.  Dr. 
Ash  died  at  Brompton-row,  Knightsbridge,  18th  June, 
1798,  aged  seventy-five,  and  was  buried  in  Kensington 
church.  A  full-length  portrait  of  him,  by  Sir  Joshua 
Reynolds,  was  engraved  by  Bartolozzi  in  1791.  Dr. 
Ash  was  the  founder  of  a  social  and  literary  club  in 
London,  called  in  honour  of  him  the  Eumelian,  from 
the  Greek  Evfj,e\ia<;,  though  it  was  warmly  contended 
and  put  to  the  vote  that  it  should  have  the  more  obvious 
appellation  of  Fraxinean,  from  the  Latin.'"  He  was  a 
fellow  of  the  Royal  and  Antiquarian  Societies,  and  the 
author  of — 

Experiments  and  Observations  to  investigate  by  Chemical  Analysis 
the  Properties  of  the  Mineral  Waters  of  Spa,  Aix,  &c.,  &c.  12mo. 
Lond.  1788. 

WILLIAM  CHARLES  WELLS,  M.D.,  was  born  at  Charles- 
town,  South  Carolina,  in  May,  1757  ;  and  was  the  se- 
cond son  of  Robert  Wells,  a  native  of  Scotland,  who 
had  settled  in  Carolina  in  1753,  and  at  the  time  of  his 
son's  birth  carried  on  the  business  of  a  bookseller  and 
printer  of  a  newspaper.  Before  the  younger  Wells  was 
eleven  years  of  age  he  was  sent  to  Scotland  to  a  gram- 
mar school  at  Dumfries,  where  he  remained  about  two 
years  and  a  half,  when,  having  finished  the  course  of 
studies  pursued  there,  he,  in  1770,  went  to  Edinburgh, 
and  attended  several  of  the  lower  classes  of  the  univer- 
sity. He  returned  to  Charlestown  in  1771,  and  was 
placed  as  an  apprentice  with  Dr.  Alexander  Garden, 
the  chief  practitioner  of  physic  in  that  place,  and  well 
known  to  naturalists  by  his  communications  to  the 

*  Boswell's  Life  of  Johnson,  by  Croker.     Lond.  1847,  p.  798. 


380  BOLL   OF   THE  [1788 

Royal  Society.  In  1775,  soon  after  the  commencement 
of  the  American  war,  he  left  Charlestown  suddenly  and 
came  to  London.  He  had  been  called  upon  to  sign  a 
paper  denominated  "  The  Association,"  the  object  of 
which  was  to  unite  the  people  in  a  resistance  to  the 
claims  of  the  British  Government.  This  he  positively 
refused  to  do,  and  neither  the  authority  of  his  master 
nor  the  remonstrances  of  his  friends  were  enough  to 
shake  his  determination.  In  the  autumn  of  1775  he 
repaired  to  Edinburgh,  and  commenced  attendance  on 
the  medical  lectures.  He  continued  there  three  years, 
and  passed  the  usual  examinations  in  the  summer  of 
1778,  but  did  not  then  graduate.  In  the  autumn  he  re- 
turned to  London,  attended  lectures  on  anatomy  and 
midwifery,  and  entered  himself  as  a  surgeon's  pupil  at  St. 
Bartholomew's  hospital.  Early  in  1779  he  went  to  Hol- 
land as  surgeon  to  a  Scotch  regiment  in  the  service  of 
the  United  Provinces.  In  this  position  he  remained 
about  a  year,  when  a  quarrel  with  his  commanding 
officer  induced  him  to  throw  up  his  commission  in  dis- 
gust. He  thereupon  retired  to  Ley  den,  occupied  him- 
self in  the  composition  of  his  inaugural  thesis  "  De  Fri- 
gore ;"  and  then,  proceeding  to  Edinburgh,  took  his 
degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  24th  June,  1780.  In  the 
following  year  he  returned  to  Carolina  in  order  to  ar- 
range the  affairs  of  his  family  ;  and  whilst  there  was,  at 
one  and  the  same  time,  an  officer  in  a  company  of  volun- 
teers, a  printer,  bookseller,  merchant,  and  trustee  for 
some  of  his  father's  friends  in  England  for  the  manage- 
ment of  affairs  of  considerable  importance  in  Carolina. 
There  he  remained  for  three  years ;  and  of  his  career 
during  that  period  he  has  left  an  interesting  account  in 
some  memoranda  of  his  own  life  which  were  published 
shortly  after  his  death.  Dr.  Wells  came  to  London  in 
1784,  and  at  that  time  made  the  acquaintance  of  Dr. 
Baillie,  who  proved  himself  ever  afterwards  his  steady, 
warm,  and  affectionate  friend.  In  the  spring  of  1785 
Dr.  Wells  spent  three  months  in  Paris ;  and  in  the 
autumn  of  that  year  fixed  himself  in  London  as  a  phy- 


1788]      ROYAL  COLLEGE  OF  PHYSICIANS.        381 

sician.     He  commenced  practice  without  any  pecuniary 
resources  ;  and,  notwithstanding  the  strictest  economy, 
straitened  means  were  unfortunately  his   lot  through 
life.     He  was  admitted  a  Licentiate  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  17th  March,  1788;  was  appointed  physician 
to  the  Finsbury  dispensary  in  1790  ;  assistant  physician 
to  St.  Thomas's  hospital  in  1798  ;  and  full  physician  to 
that  institution  in  1800.    He  was  elected  a  fellow  of  the 
Royal  Society  in  1793  ;  and  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society 
of  Edinburgh  in  1814.     In  1816  the  Royal  Society  of 
London  awarded  him  the  Romford  medal  for  his  ori- 
ginal and  scientific  researches  on  Dew,  a  subject  with 
which  his  name  must  ever  be  inseparably  connected. 
Dr.  Wells  was  one  of  the  most  active  and  energetic  of 
the  Licentiates  in  their  contest  with  the  College  ;  and 
was  the  author  of  a  clever  and  spirited  "  Letter  to  lord 
Keiiyon"  on  that  subject.     Though  Dr.  Wells  did  not 
succeed  in  obtaining  private  business,  he  was  a  shrewd 
and  observing  physician.     As  a  careful  observer  and  a 
cautious  reasoner,  he  had  few  equals  among  his  con- 
temporaries, and  no  superiors.     His  papers  on  Erysip- 
elas, on  Scarlatinal  Dropsy,  on  Rheumatism  of  the  Heart, 
and  on  Albuminous   Urine,  in  the  Transactions  of  a 
Society  for  the  promotion   of  Medical  and  Chirurgical 
Knowledge,  are  sufficient  proofs  of  his  qualifications  in 
these  respects.     His  papers  read  before  the  Royal  So- 
ciety, and  published  in  their  "  Transactions,"  are  in  like 
manner  evidences  of  his  high  attainments  as  a  philo- 
sopher.    "  He  was,"  writes  one  who  knew  him  well, 
"  laboriously  diligent,  eager  and  steady  in  his  pursuits, 
and  less  satisfied  with  any  present  success  than  cheered 
by  it  in  his  attempts  to  obtain  greater.     He  was  frugal, 
yet  liberal ;  high  minded,  and  unwilling  to  be  obliged, 
perhaps  uneasy  under  obligation,  but  most  grateful  for 
kindness ;   resentful   but   placable ;    irascible,  and  in- 
dulging his  feeling  when  it  arose  from  trifling  causes, 
but  exercising  the  utmost  self-command  under  very 
great  provocation,  if  the  occasion  was  important  and 
propriety  required  it ;  indignant  at  insolence  and  op- 


382  ROLL   OF   THE  [1788 

pression,  and  regardless  of  all  personal  consequences  in 
the  expression  of  his  indignation ;  but  submissive  to  the 
appointments  of  heaven,  and  calm  and  cheerful  under 
the  sufferings  which  flowed  from  them  ;  a  sense  of  duty 
was  the  paramount  feeling  in  his  mind,  to  which  hatred 
and  love,  fear  and  desire  gave  way,  and  which  danger 
and  difficulty  served  only  to  make  more  active  and  vigo- 
rous." "Dr.  Wells/'  says  Sir  Benjamin  Brodie,  when 
writing  of  his  contemporaries  at  the  end  of  his  own  pro- 
fessional life,  "  was  one  of  the  most  remarkable  persons 
with  whom  it  has  been  my  lot  to  be  personally  ac- 
quainted. He  is  too  well  known  by  his  writings,  among 
which  his  Essay  on  Dew  deserves  more  especial  notice, 
for  it  to  be  worth  while  for  me  to  speak  of  him  as  a 
philosopher,  but  I  may  venture  to  give  some  account  of 
him  otherwise.  He  was  never  married,  but  lived  by 
himself,  with  (I  believe)  only  a  single  maid-servant  in 
a  small  house  in  Serjeants'-inn,  Fleet-street.  Although 
he  had  paid  great  attention  to  his  profession  and  had 
ample  opportunities  of  studying  it  as  physician  to  St. 
Thomas's  hospital,  he  had  never  more  than  a  very  limited 
practice.  For  this,  indeed,  he  was  in  many  respects 
very  unfit ;  having  dry,  and,  in  general  society,  un- 
gracious manners,  and  being  apt  to  take  offence  where 
no  offence  was  intended.  Yet  he  had  great  kindness 
and  warmth  of  heart,  mixed  up  with  these  less  amiable 
qualities,  and  while  he  was  greatly  respected  by  those 
who  really  knew  him,  he  was  even  beloved  by  the  very 
few  with  whom  he  was  intimate.  His  autobiogra- 
phy, which  is  prefixed  to  the  posthumous  edition  of 
his  works,  is  very  characteristic,  and,  when  I  read  it, 
reminded  me  very  much  of  that  of  David  Hume,  to 
whom,  indeed,  as  to  the  character  of  his  intellect  he 
bore  a  considerable  resemblance,  however  different  he 
may  have  been  from  him  in  some  other  respects."  Dr. 
Wells  died  at  his  lodgings  in  Serjeants'-inn,  18th  Sep- 
tember, 1817,  and  was  buried  in  St.  Bride's,  Fleet- 
street,  where  a  tablet  was  soon  afterwards  erected  by 
one  of  his  sisters  to  the  joint  memory  of  himself  and  of 


1788]  ROYAL   COLLEGE   OF   PHYSICIANS.  383 

his  father  and  mother.     The  inscription  to  Dr.  Wells 
is  as  follows  : — 

Near  this  place  are  deposited 

the  remains  of 
WILLIA.M  CHARLES  WELLS,  M.D.,  F.R.S.,  L.  &  E. 

who  was  born  May  24,  1757 ; 

and  who  died  September  18,  1817. 

A  skilful  and  learned  physician, 

an  inventive  philosopher, 

a  man  of  singular  worth  and  honour. 

He  extended  the  boundaries  of  natural  science  ; 

and  exhibited  in  his  conduct 

an  union  of  generosity  and  frugality, 

of  high-mindedness  with  prudence, 

and  a  strict  and  scrupulous  integrity 

above  the  reach  of  suspicion  as  well  as  of  reproach. 

Dr.  Wells's  published  works  were — 

An  Essay  on  Single  Vision  with  Two  Eyes,  together  with  Expe- 
riments and  Observations  on  several  other  Subjects  in  Optics.  8vo. 
Lond.  1792. 

An  Essay  on  Dew,  with  several  appearances  connected  with  it. 
8vo.  Lond.  1814. 

WILLIAM  MAY,  M.D.,  was  born  at  East  Looe,  in 
Cornwall,  and  received  his  general  education  in  his 
native  town.  He  served  an  apprenticeship  to  Mr.  Bice, 
a  surgeon ;  and  then  proceeded  to  Leyden,  where  he 
took  his  degree  of  doctor  of  medicine  16th  May,  1787 
(D.M.I,  complectens  de  Typho  qusedam).  Returning 
to  England,  he  determined  on  trying  his  fortune  in 
London,  and  was  appointed  physician  to  the  Universal 
dispensary.  He  held  that  office  for  a  few  months  only ; 
was  admitted  an  Extra-Licentiate  of  the  College  of  Phy- 
sicians 5th  June,  1788  ;  and  in  the  ensuing  autumn 
fixed  himself  as  a  physician  at  Truro.  In  1792  he  re- 
moved to  Plymouth,  and  the  same  year